Skip to main content

Full text of "Essex Institute historical collections"

See other formats


HANDBOUND 
AT  THE 


UNIVERSITY  OF 
TORONTO  PRESS 


Digitized  by  tine  Internet  Arciiive 

in  2007  witii  funding  from 

IVIicrosoft  Corporation 


Iittp://www.arcliive.org/details/essexinstitutelii19a20esseuoft 


I 


{ISSEX   INSTITUTE 


5 


^^^^ 


HISTORICAL  COLLECTIONS. 


VOLUME  XIX. 


SALEM,  MASS. : 

PBDrrSD  FOS  THE  ESSEX  INSTITUTE. 

1882:- 


v./'?-2.o 


PRINTED  AT 

THE  SALEM  PRESS, 

SALEM,  MASS. 


613118 


CONTENTS. 


Parts  i,  n,  ni. 

A  Sketch  of  the  First  Religious  Society  in  Lynnfield,  by  Eben. 

Parsons, 1 

Parish  List  of  Deaths  begun  1785,  recorded  by  William  Bent- 

LKY,  D.  D.,  of  the  East  Church,  Salem,  Mass.  (continued),        18 

The  Newhall  Family  (continued), 40 

Diaries  Kept  by  Lemuel  Wood,  of  Boxford,  communicated  by 

Sidney  Perley, 61 

The  Beverly  Shore,  An  Extract  from  a  Lecture  read  by  Robert 

Rantoul,  senr.,  before  the  Beverly  Lyceum,  Nov.  16,  1831,        76 

A  Notice  of  Saugus  Seminary,  by  E.  P.  Robinson,     ...        77 


Parts  iv,  v,  vi. 
The  Fisher- Plantation  of  Cape  Anne,  by  Herbert  B.  Adams 

Parish  List  of  Deaths  begun  1785,' recorded  by  "William  Bent 
ley,  D.  D.,  of  the  East  Church"|*Salein',  Mass.  (continued) 

Extracts  from  the  Town  Records  of  Wenham,  Mass.,  communi 
cated  by  Wellington  Pool, 


Marriages  in  Salem  by  Rev.  Daniel  Hopkins,  D.  D.,  1779-1814 
communicated  by  John  J.  Latting,  Esq.,     . 


Essex  County  and  the  Indians,  A  Lecture  read  before  the  Bev 
erly  Lyceum,  Nov.  20, 1882,  by  Robert  Rantoul,  senr., 

Lemuel  Wood's  Journal  (continued),  .... 

(Hi) 


81 

91 

105 

116 

126 
lis 


iv  CONTENTS. 

Parts  vii,  vni,  ix. 
Origin  of  Salem  Plantation,  by  Herbert  B.  Adams,  .        .      153 

Allotments  of  Land  in  Salem  to  Men,  Women,  and  Maids,  by 

Herbert  B.  Adams, 167 

Parish  List  of  Deaths  begun  1785,  recorded  by  William  Bent- 
ley,  D.  D.,  of  the  East  Church,  Salem,  Mass.  (^concluded),      176 

Lemuel  Wood's  Journal  (continued), 183 

A  Field  Day  at  Dummer  Academy, 193 

The  Family  of  John  Perkins  of  Ipswich,  by  George  A.  Perkins, 

M.  D., 213 

The  Essex  Junto — The  Long  Embargo — and  the  Great  Tops- 
field  Caucus  of  1808,  read  at  the  Field  I.  eeting  in  Topsfield, 
Aug.  30,  1882,  by  Egbert  S.  Rantoul,        ....      226 

Parts  x,  xi,  xn. 

Common  Fields  in  Salem,  by  Herbert  B.  Adams,        .        .        .241 

The  Perkins  Family  (continued), 254 

The  Family  of  William  Townsend,  of  Boston,  by  Henry  F. 

Waters, 269 

The  Early  Settlers  of  Rowley,  Mass.,  including  all  who  were 
here  before  1662,  with  a  few  generations  of  their  descend- 
ants, by  Geo.  B.  Blodgette,  A.  M., 297 


HISTORICAL   COLLECTIOi\S 


ESSEX  INSTITUTE 


Vol.  XIX.         Jan.,  Feb.,  Mar.,  1882.         Xos.  1,  2,  3. 

A  Sketch  of  The  First  Religious  Society  in  Lynn- 
field,    READ   before   THE    EsSEX    UNITARIAN 

Conference,  Sept.  8,  1881. 


BY    EBKN.    PARSONS. 


It  would  have  been  gratifying  to  me,  in  the  preparation 
of  this  sketch,  to  have  found  a  mass  of  rich  materials 
from  which  to  draw  fact  and  ilhistration,  and  so,  to  have 
been  able  to  present  you  a  ^vell  drawn  and  pleasing  pic- 
ture ;  but,  unfortunately,  unlike  most  histories,  this  has 
no  fabulous  nor  poetic  era.  The  few  facts  given  are  very 
definite  and  I  fear  you  will  think  very  dry. 

I  am  not  sure  I  could  not  have  invented  some  interest- 
ing and  amusing  incidents  with  which  to  embellish  my 
sketch;  but  I  remembered  that  Unitarians  seek,  first  of 
all,  the  truth,  and  that  if  they  are  unable  to  compass  the 
whole  truth,  they  are  a  unit  in  wanting  nothing  but  the 
truth.  So  you  will  see  that  the  realm  of  fiction  was  closed 
against  me. 

If  for  lack  of  more  savory  viands  I  seem  to  catch  at 

BIST.  COLL.  XIX  1  (1) 


2  FIRST  RELIGIOUS  SOCIETY  IN  LYNNFIELD. 

mouldy  crumbs  in  my  ransackinii:  of  the  ancient  ciipbonrcl, 
you  must  lay  some  of  the  blame  upon  your  president  who 
exhorted  me  to  gather  them  in. 

The  early  records  consist  principally  of  lists  of  baptisms, 
of  those  who  owned  the  covenant,  admissions  to  full 
communion,  marringes,  and  deaths.  At  the  time  of  its  or- 
ganization this  church  was  the  seciuid  church  of  Lynn, 
Lynnfield  being  then  a  part  of  Lynn  and  known  as  Lymi 
End.  This  building  in  which  we  assemble  to-day  was 
erected  in  1715,  ninety-five  years  after  the  landing  of  the 
Pilg-rims.  There  is  no  record  of  a  church  orsranization 
till  1720,  though  there  is  little  doubt  that  such  existed 
some  years  before. 

On  the  title-page  of  the  oldest  book  of  records  extant 
is  written,  in  a  very  round  full  hand,  with  some  flourish 
and  ornamentation  : 

Deacon  John  Bancroft's 

Gift  to  y«  Church  in  Lynn   End 

Anno  Dom.    1732 

the  Book  of  Church  Records. 

Nov^^  y«  29  Anno  Christi. 

1732. 

The  first  entry  reads  : 

"The  Rev'*  M^  Nathaniel  Sparhawk  was  Ordain'd  y« 
first  Pastor  over  y®  Second  Church  in  Lynn  August  y®  17, 
1720. 

Elisabeth  Sparhawk  was  receiv'd  into  full  communion 
with  y«  Church." 

The  only  item  that  I  find  for  1721  is  the  simple  entry, 
"Hannah  Gowing  Baptized." 

"  Mary  Bancroft  taken  into  y®  Church  Apriel  —  1722. 

Hannah  Gowing  taken  into  y®  Church  June  — 1723." 

Then  a  list  of  names,  44  in  number,  16  males  and  28 
females,  and,  written  underneath, 


FIRST  RELIGIOUS  SOCIETY  IN  LYNNFIELD.  3 

"All  these  Persons  Above  named  were  taken  into  y® 
Church." 

There  is  little  to  be  learned  of  ]\Ir.  Sparhawk's  ministry 
except  that  it  was  of  about  elev^en  years'  continuance  and 
that  during  that  time  he  had  three  sons  and  a  dauirhter 
baptized.  But  I  infer  that  his  relations  with  the  i)arish 
could  not  have  been  the  pleasantcst  at  the  clo^e  of  his 
pastorate,  for  Stephen  Chase  was  ordained  to  the  i)ast()ral 
office  Nov.  24,  1731  ;  and,  just  one  month  after  that  event, 
"At  a  Chh.  meeting  December  y«  24^'»  1731. 

1  Voted  y'  Deacon  P^aton  and  Deacon  Bancroft  Should 
goto  y^  Rev^.  M*".  Nath".  Sparhawk  and  Desire  him  to 
Send  y*"  Chh  Records  to  us. 

the  Return  was  M**  Sparhawk  refused  to  Deliver  up  the 
Chh  Records. 

2  Voted  y*  Deacon  Eaton,  Deacon  Bancroft  and  Xath". 
Gowing  Should  go  and  request  the  original  of  y*^  Chh 
Records  of  y^  Rev**  ^NF  Sparhawk,  and  if  they  could  not 
obtain  that,  they  nuist  Endeavor  to  Get  a  Copy  of  him  if 
they  Could." 

There  is  no  evidence  that,  though  thus  reinforced,  and 
Nathaniel  met  Nathaniel,  they  were  able  to  make  any  im- 
pression upon  the  stubborn  S[)arhaw'k. 

It  would  doubtless  be  as  interesting  to  us  as  the  dis- 
covery of  a  stiff-backed  old  arm  chair,  or  worm-eaten  and 
rat-gnawed  chest,  while  rummaging  some  somnolent  old 
attic,  could  we  unearth  the  gossip  of  that  day  about  the 
minister,  and  witness  the  various  expressions  of  counte- 
nance, as,  one  after  another,  or  several  simultaneously, 
gave  vent  to  pent-up  emotions  and  freed  their  minds  about 
old  Sparrak,  as  he  was  called  in  the  vernacular  of  the 
time.  But  I  fear  we  shall  have  to  wait,  with  Flauimarion, 
till  we  can  have  it  repictured  for  us  by  the  slow  travelling 
light,  at  some  distant  star  where  we  may  chance  to  land 


4  FIRST  RELIGIOUS  SOCIETY  IN  LYNNFIELD. 

in  some  of  our  excursions  along  the  highways  of  the  in- 
finite. 

That  some  of  the  records  of  the  first  ten  or  fifteen  years 
were  lost,  in  this  sparring  with  the  Sparhawk,  is  evident 
from  a  vote  passed  at  a  church  meeting,  Dec.  20,  1733. 

"Whereas  Deacon  William  Eaton  and  Deacon  John 
Bancroft  were  formerly  Chosen  to  y®  office  of  Deacon  by 
y®  Second  Chh  of  Christ  in  Lynn  and  y®  Kecord  thereof 
being  Lost  we  now  renew  our  Choice  of  y"^." 

At  the  same  meeting  it  was 

"  Voted  that  we  think  it  proper  that  those  that  desire 
to  Joyn  in  full  Communion  with  us  Should  make  relations, 
and  also  Shall  have  a  Vote  of  y^  Chh. 

Voted  that  every  Communicant  of  this  Chh  Shall  pay 
three  pence  every  Sacrament  day  in  Order  to  make  pro- 
vision for  the  Lord's  table." 

In  1737  a  communion  service  was  presented  to  the  church 
consisting  of  six  silver  cups  : 

"The  Gift  of  y«  Honourable  Coll.  Burrill  Esq^  to  y« 
Second  Church  in  Lynn  1737." 

And  two  tankards  serviceable  and  substantial  though  not 
of  the  precious  metal : 

The  Gift  of  Cap^  Timothy  Poole  To  y«  Second  Church 
in  Lynn  1737 

From  this  time  till  1749  I  find  only  the  cijstomaiy 
baptisms,  admissions  to  the  church,  etc.,  with  an  occasion- 
al choice  of  a  deacon  sprinkled  in. 

I  note  here,  as  of  interest  for  a  certain  flavor  of  the 
time,  this  memorandum  : 

"Lynn  Feb  12  1749-50  Deacon  John  Bancroft  paid  to 
Deacon  Dan"  Townsend  the  sum  of  £10 -2 --6  old  Tenor 
of  the  Churches  money  which  the  Church  voted  to  P. 
Townsend  upon  the  account  of  their  being  in  Debt  to 
him  for  providing  for  the  Lord's  Table." 


FIRST  RELIGIOUS  SOCIETY  IN  LYNXFIELD.  5 

In  the  record  of  deaths,  the  talent  of  the  recorder  blos- 
soms out  into  some  rather  quaint  comments,  a  few  of 
which  I  will  give. 

"May  12,  1768  Died  the  widow  Elisabeth  Sparhawk 
suddenly,  not  so  much  as  able  to  give  the  least  account  of 
what  aild  Iler. 

July  1,  1768  Died  Stephen  Wellman  of  a  fall  that  broke 
his  Silver  Cord  aged  54. 

Feb  17'*^  1775  Died  Gideon  Gowing  after  a  lingoring 
Illness  of  about  3  months  occasioned  by  his  overdoing 
himself,  in  y^  54^''  year  of  his  age. 

March  9^''  1775  Died  Joseph  Newhall  by  a  violent  Seiz- 
ure after  a  few  Days  Illness.  Supposed  to  be  occasioned 
b}^  a  cold  taken  when  he  went  out  upon  an  alarm,  in  the 
52^  year  of  his  age. 

Apr  19">  1775  Died  Dan"  Townsend  in  a  Battle  with  the 
Regulars:  He  was  shot  down  dead  in  a  moment,  in  y^  36"' 
year  of  his  age. 

Jan  5"'  1776  Died  Nehemiah  Newhall  of  an  astma  after 
a  Sore  trial  of  twelve  years  of  the  same  in  w'^  He  went 
thro  many  thousand  Deaths  before  he  did  die,  in  the  48"* 
year  of  his  age." 

To  go  back  and  take  up  the  thread  of  this  history  : 

"Nov  5"'  1755  M""  Benjamin  Adams  was  ordained  Pastor 
over  this  Chh." 

I  have  been  able  to  learn  nothing  more  of  him  than  that 
he  died  May  4,  1777  of  a  short  sickness  in  the  58'"  year 
of  his  age  and  the  22^  of  his  ministry. 

But  happily,  of  the  next  pastorate,  the  data  are  not  so 
meagre.  I  refer  to  that  of  the  Rev.  Joseph  ^lottey  which 
may  perhaps  be  considered  the  golden  age  of  the  society. 

I  copy  from  the  record  : 

"Lynnfiekl  October  17"'  1782  at  a  Church  Meeting  of 
S**.  Town,  Deacon  Mansfield  Moderator, 


6  FIRST  RELIGIOUS  SOCIETY  IN  LYNNFIELD. 

I'y  Voted  M""  Joseph  Motty  for  their  Pjistor  unanimously 

2iy  Voted  Deacon  Nath"  Bancroft  M''  John  Orne  Cap* 
John  Perkins  be  a  Comite  to  Lay  the  Votes  of  the  Church 
before  the  Selectmen  in  Order  to  Lay  the  votes  of  the 
Church  before  the  Town  in  order  for  a  Town  Meeting." 

"Sep  24"^  1783  Joseph Mottey  was  ordained  to  the  pas- 
toral office  in  the  Church  of  Christ  in  Lynnfield  " 
"1784  Jan.  26"' 

An  account  of  the  present  members  of  the  Chh  of  Ct 
in  Lynnfield"  shows  the  number  to  be  36,  13  males  and 
23  females. 

I  cannot  perhaps  do  better  than  read  some  extracts 
from  a  sketch  of  Mr.  Mottey 's  life,  found  in  a  work  en- 
titled American  Unitarian  Biography,  where  he  appears 
in  the  company  of  Noah  Worcester,  John  Prince,  James 
Freeman,  Henry  Ware  and  other  pioneers  of  the  liberal 
cause. 

"The  Rev.  Joseph  Mottey  was  born  at  Salem,  Mass., 
May  14,  1756.  [Mr.  Mottey's  father  was  a  native  of  the 
Isle  of  Jersey,  and  of  French  extraction.  His  name  was 
originally  written  La  Mottais,  and  changed  to  Mottey  after 
his  settlement  in  this  country.]  His  preparatory  studies 
in  the  classics  were  pursued  at  Dummer  Academy  ;  and 
he  was  graduated  at  Dartmouth  college,  August  26,  1778. 
He  was  immediately  employed  in  Phillips  Academy,  An- 
dover,  then  recently  opened ;  and  was  the  first  assistant 
of  its  first  preceptor,  the  Rev.  Eliphalet  Pearson.  He 
was  afterwards  employed,  either  in  the  same  capacity,  or 
as  principal,  in  Dummer  Academy.  He  commenced 
preaching,  as  was  usual  at  that  time,  soon  after  he  was 
graduated  ;  and  was  heard  as  a  candidate  in  Marblehead, 
Beverly,  Linebrook  parish  in  Ipswich  and  Newbury  — 
receiving  invitations  to  settle  in  the  two  last-named  places, 
which  lie  declined.     He  supplied  the  pulpit  for  three  years 


FIRST  RELIGIOUS  SOCIETY  IX  LYNNFIELD.  7 

at  Lynnficld,  in  the  meanwhile  preventing  the  people 
from  taking  any  steps  towards  his  settlement.  At  length 
he  yielded  to  their  often  repeated  wishes,  and  was  or- 
dained Sept.  24,  17^3. 

Mr.  Mottey  was  endowed  with  an  active  and  powerfnl 
mind.  Improved  hy  a  very  competent  early  edncation,  it 
was  still  more  matnred  and  stored  hy  his  subsccpient  stnd- 
ies  in  private,  which  were  continued  with  very  little  ai)ate- 
ment  of  ardor  or  diligence  to  the  close  of  life.  He  was 
not  only  addigent  student,  hut  compared  with  most  men 
in  his  station,  a  recluse.  Ilis  personal  acquaintance,  the 
small  circle  of  his  parish  excepted,  was  more  with  hooks 
than  with  men.  Ilis  views  of  all  subjects,  and  his  modes 
(»f  illustrating  the  subjects  he  handled,  were  more  strictly 
his  own  than  it  is  common  to  meet  with.  Among  his 
own  peo[)le  there  was  never  but  one  opinion  of  his  decided 
superiority  of  talents  and  attainments :  and  he  seldom 
failed  to  leave  the  impi'ession  ui)on  the  strangers  with 
whom  he  occasionally  met,  that  he  was  a  man  of  an  orig- 
inal and  powerful  mind.  To  strangers  of  education,  but 
accustomed  oidy  to  the  hackneyed  courses  of  literature 
and  theolog}^  his  conversation,  indicative  of  so  much  bold, 
active  and  correct  thinking,  was  a  feast.  Their  expression 
of  wonder  frequently  was  —  "Why  have  we  never  heard 
of  this  man  before?"  But  it  was  not  so  much  for  his  men- 
tal as  his  moral  qualities  that  Mr.  Mottey  was  endeared  to 
those  who  had  the  happiness  of  knowing  him  fully.  lie 
was  distinguished  lor  his  deep  sense  of  obligation  to  re- 
duce the  precepts  of  the  holy  religion  which  he  i)rofessed 
to  uniform  practice  ;  and  in  fulfilling  the  obligations  of  a 
Christian,  he  appeared  to  be  actuated  more  by  love  and 
less  by  fear  than  almost  any  one  whom  we  could  name. 

On  the  one  hand,  he  was  tender,  faithful,  and  actively 
beuevoleiit  in  the  discharge  of  Christian  duty,  in  the  sev- 


8  FIRST  RELIGIOUS  SOCIETY  IN  LYNNFIELD. 

eral  relations  which  he  sustained  in  domestic  and  social 
life  ;  and,  on  the  other,  he  was  remarkably  distinguished 
by  his  persMial  purity  and  comparative  freedom  from 
faults.  His  faults,  few  and  slight,  were  of  that  class 
which  arises  from  constitutional  excess  of  sensibility,  in- 
creased probably  by  his  too  recluse  and  sedentary  life. 
He  was,  for  instance,  too  impatient  of  contradiction  ;  but, 
on  the  other  hand,  he  was  quick  to  perceive  when  he  had 
done  wrong  and  anxious  to  make  confession  and  repara- 
tion. It  was  quite  evident  to  those  who  were  personally 
acquainted  with  him,  that  his  exemplary  practical  goodness 
proceeded  from  religious  principle,  and  a  real  desire  to 
promote  the  welfare  of  men  —  that  it  was  not  from  any 
constraint  but  an  integral  part  of  his  character  and  habits. 
As  a  minister  of  Christ,  Mr.  Mottey  would  undoubt- 
edly have  been  more  useful,  if  he  had  suffered  himself 
to  be  more  known,  and  had  held  as  frequent  and  extensive 
ministerial  intercourse  as  is  now  usual  with  con«:re2:ational 
ministers.  He  seldom  passed  the  boundaries  of  his  par- 
ish ;  and  exchanged  ministerial  labors,  perhaps  but  little 
more  than  thirty  times  in  as  many  years.  He  saw  and  la- 
mented his  error,  when  it  was,  as  he  thought,  and  as  was 
probably  the  fact,  too  late  to  correct  it ;  and  he  was  known 
solemnly  to  warn  and  caution  young  ministers  against  fol- 
lowing his  example  in  this  particular.  He  was  led  into 
his  solitary  course  by  his  constitutional  nervous  sensibility 
and  diffidence,  aggravated  by  the  domestic  afflictions  and 
straitened  circumstances  of  the  first  years  of  his  ministry. 
But  it  is  not  hence  to  be  inferred  that  he  was  indolent  and 
inactive ;  nor  that  reading,  thinking  and  conversation 
constituted  the  whole  of  his  employment.  He  was  a  pat- 
tern of  industry.  He  wrote,  at  the  lowest  estimate,  more 
than  2000  sermons,  probably  nearly  3000.  He  continued 
the  practice  of  composing  new  sermons  as  long  as  he  lived. 


FIRST  RELIGIOUS  SOCIETY  IN  LYNNFIELD.  U 

He  was  so  diligent  and  careful  in  redeeming  the  time, 
that  his  preparations  for  the  sabbath  were  usually  made  by 
the  middle  of  the  week;  he  had  always  sermons  on  hand 
which  had  not  been  preached,  and  his  sermons  were  well 
{studied  and  well  written.  He  was  also  punctual  in  attend- 
ing to  the  usual  course  of  parochial  duty. 

In  regard  to  doctrines,  Mr.  Motte}- ,  in  the  first  years  of 
his  ministry,  was  much  inclined  to  what  is  noiv  termed 
orUiodoxij.  Afterwards,  and  until  the  end  of  life,  there 
was  a  general  coincidence  in  his  opinions  with  what  is  uow 
termed  liberal   Chrislianitij. 

The  change  in  his  opinions  was  gradual,  and  the  result 
of  much  study  and  rellection  ;  and  his  latter  sentiments 
were  embraced  with  deep  conviction  of  their  truth  and 
importance.  The  principal  change  in  his  o[)ini()ns  took 
place  at  that  period  of  life,  in  which  the  mind  generally 
attains  its  full  maturity  and  strength —  when  he  was  be- 
tween thirty  and  forty  years  of  age  ;  and  with  but  very 
little  interchange  of  thought  with  any  living  character. 
And  he  found  in  them  such  supports  and  consolations  iu 
trials  and  afflictions,  as  he  had  not  found  in  the  views 
which  he  had  before  entertained.  '1  then  found,'  said  he, 
in  his  own  impressive  manner,  'that  God  is,  in  the  strictest 
sense,  the  impartial  parent  of  his  human  otl'spring.  Im- 
partiality is  one  of  the  brightest  gems  in  the  celestial 
crown.  Rob  the  Divinity  of  that,  and  you  tarnish  the 
Divine  glory,  and  render  Him,  who  should  appear  infi- 
nitely amiable  in  the  view  of  his  rational  creatures,  an 
object  of  unholy  distrust  and  fear.  But  grant  me  equal 
benevolence  in  the  Deity,  and  I  can  submit  and  I  would 
do  more.  What  son  is  he  whom  the  father  chasteneth 
not?'  He  considered  the  opinion  of  the  Orthodox  con- 
cerning original  sin  or  innate  hereditary  depravity,  as 
the  foundation  of  their  whole  system.     He  had.  read  and 

HI8T.  COLL.  XIX  1* 


10  FIRST  RELIGIOUS  SOCIETY  IN  LYNNFIELD. 

weighed  all  which  has  been  written  by  Edwards  and  their 
other  standard  authors  in  its  defense,  and  found  the  doc- 
trine essentially  defective  in  evidence.  Hence  he  was  for 
laying  the  axe  to  the  root  of  the  tree  ;  and  most  of  all 
which  he  said  and  wrote,  of  a  strictly  polemical  complex- 
ion, was  aimed  at  the  overthrow  of  this  doctrine,  or  the 
establishment  of  those  views  concerning  the  natural  state 
of  man,  which  are  embraced  by  liberal  Christians. 

In  his  preaching,  as  well  as  in  his  conversation,  Mr.  Mot- 
ley dwelt  much  upon  the  Divine  character  and  attributes. 
He  maintained  that  just  apprehensions  of  God  must  lie 
at  the  foundation  of  correct  views  of  religion ;  and  that 
any  doctrine  whatever,  which  is  contrary  to  what  Scrip- 
ture and  reason  teach  us  of  the  attributes  and  character  of 
God,  is  demonstrably  false.  The  omnipresence,  univer- 
sal and  particular  providence,  and  impartial,  parental  good- 
ness of  God,  were  themes  upon  which  he  delighted  to  ex- 
patiate ;  and  to  prepare  and  persuade  his  hearers  to  love 
God  and  confide  in  him,  was  the  leading  end  of  his  in- 
structions. 

It  was  often  his  practice,  in  his  discourses,  to  take  the 
truth  of  Christianity  and  his  hearers'  knowledge  of  it  for 
granted,  and  labor  only  to  persuade  them  to  do  their  duty 
and  to  be  faithful  to  their  own  convictions.  He  took 
pains  to  instruct  his  people  in  what  he  believed  to  be  pure 
and  undefiled  Christianity ;  but  he  was  not  solicitous  to 
make  them  what  some  would  call  discriminating  hearers. 
He  thought  it  much  more  important  to  make  his  people 
morally  better,  according  to  the  measure  of  knowledge 
which  they  might  readily  gain  only  by  reading  their  Bi- 
bles, than  to  fill  their  minds  with  all  mysteries  and  all 
knowledge,  which  without  charity  profit  nothing. 

Whatever  he  believed  and  thought  profitable  to  his 
hearers,  he  preached  boldly  and  without  reserve ;  but  in 


FIRST  RELIGIOUS  SOCIETY  IN  LYNNFIELD.  11 

a  mild  and  afFectionate  m:inner.  He  had  no  fears  of  giv- 
ing offence  by  departing  from  the  nnscriptural  cant  words 
and  phrases  which,  with  many  hearers,  pnt  the  stamp  of 
evangelical  upon  a  discourse.  He  openly  told  people 
what  words  and  phrases  were  to  be  found  in  Scripture 
and  what  were  not ;  and  freely  introduced  into  his  dis- 
courses the  name  of  sects  and  parties  and  the  technical 
terms  of  their  respective  polemical  writers,  whenever 
the  practice  would  prevent  a  circumlocution  ;  and  yet  he 
is  not  known  to  have  ever  given  offence  b}^  this  directness 
and  openness  of  speech.  The  succession  of  ideas  in  his 
mind  was  extremely  rapid,  his  style  clear,  copious  with- 
out redundancies,  and  usually  forcible ;  but  his  delivery 
in  the  pulpit  was  not  equal  to  his  style  of  writing.  He 
did  not  appear  to  have  adequate  views  of  the  importance 
of  oratory  in  increasing  the  effect  of  Christian  truth.  In 
conversation,  however,  allusion  and  embellishment  ap- 
peared to  arise  spontaneously  in  his  mind;  there  was  not 
the  least  hesitation  or  repetition  and  he  was  truly  elo- 
quent both  in  style  and  manner." 

He  died  July  9,  1821,  in  the  66th  year  of  his  age, 
having  nearly  completed  the  thirty-eighth  of  his  ministry, 
honored  and  beloved  by  his  people  as  a  shepherd  who  led 
them  into  green  pastures  and  beside  still  waters. 

Immediately  after  the  death  of  Mr.  Mottey,  a  new  book 
of  records  was  begun,  which  was  appropriately  symbolic 
of  the  fact  that  a  new  leaf  was  turned  in  the  affairs  of  the 
society.  The  first  entry  in  the  new  book  reads:  "1821 
The  Parish  tax  in  Lynnfield  is  $378.65  Due  to  the  Rev. 
Mr.  Mottey's  heirs  to  July  9th  $164." 

In  the  call  for  a  Parish  Meeting  in  1822  is  this  article 
"To  see  if  the  inhabitants  of  said  society  will  join  the 
church  in  giving  Mr.  Ebeuezer  Poor  a  call  to  settle  as 


li  FIRST  RELIGIOUS  SOCIETY  IN  LYNNTIELD. 

their  minister"  —  subsequently  it  was  voted  to  do  so  and 
"to  give  Mr.  Poor  $450  yearly,  and  if  Either  Party 
should  dislike  to  continue,  give  six  months  Notice  and 
quit."  A  committee  was  chosen  to  notify  Mr.  Poor  and 
call  an  adjourned  meeting,  to  hear  their  report  which  was 
to  the  effect  "that  he  Thoufyht  that  he  had  Not  a  Reirular 
Call,  But  was  willing  to  wait  further.  Voted  to  hear 
further  if  he  was  willing  to  preach."  In  December  of 
the  same  year  another  meeting  was  called  to  see  if  the 
Society  would  grant  the  request  of  Mr.  "Poor  that  he 
should  be  paid  semi-annually  and  have  two  Sabbaths  in  a 
year.  Then  follows  :  "Heard  the  letter  read  which  gave  his 
answer  that  he  should  not  settle  with  us.  After  some  ob- 
servations on  the  subject.  Voted  to  dissolve  the  meeting." 

The  next  year,  1823,  it  was  voted  to  raise  $400,  for  the 
support  of  preaching,  and  the  question  whether  the  par- 
ish would  hear  Mr.  Jonas  Colburn  a  further  time,  in  order 
to  settle  him,  was  settled  negatively  by  a  vote  of  nine- 
teen to  eighteen. 

At  a  meeting,  Jan.  1824,  it  was  voted  that  the  ordina- 
tion of  Mr.  Joseph  Searle  be  appointed  for  the  21st  day 
of  January  inst.  At  a  subsequent  meeting  the  same  year 
"a  committee  was  chosen  for  the  purpose  of  setting  up  a 
stove  in  the  meeting  house." 

Whether  the  cooling  off  of  the  society  dates  from  this 
call  for  artificial  heat,  or,  whether  it  only  registers  a  de- 
gree of  a  previously  falling  thermometer,  is  a  question 
for  the  curious.  It  is  at  any  rate  evident  that  a  cooling 
process  had  begun,  for,  it  became  more  diflScult  each  year 
to  raise  Mr.  Searle's  salary  until,  in  1827,  his  pastorate 
ended.  At  a  Parish  Meeting  Sept.  17th  of  that  year  it 
was  voted  "To  choose  a  committee  to  meet  at  Mr.  Searle's 
room  on  Thursday  next  at  three  o'clock  p.  m.,  to  inform 


FIRST  RELIGIOUS  SOCIETY  IN  LYNNFIELD.  13 

whom  it  may  concern,  that  he  was  honoral)!}-  discharged 
and  in  a  christian-like  manner." 

Mr.  Searle,  it  is  said,  was  strictly  Orthodox  in  his  theol- 
ogy. That  he  tailed  to  arouse  enthusiasm  is  evident,  since 
his  pastorate  was  of  hut  three  years'  continuance.  But  it 
is  fair  to  say  that  it  would  probably  have  required  a  man 
of  excei)tional  powders  to  tide  over  successfully  this  tran- 
sition epoch,  when  the  system  of  piuMsh  taxation  was  about 
to  be  replaced  by  that  of  voluntary  sul)scription. 

It  was  about  this  time,  the  beginning  of  Mr.  Searle's 
pastorate,  that  the  exodus  toother  societies  commenced, — 
particularly  to  the  Methodist  society,  wdiich  had  recently 
heen  organized.  For  quite  a  number  of  years  the  lists  of 
certificates  received  of  change  of  membership  increased 
in  length  —  signing  off,  as  it  was  called,  l)eing  a  requisite 
step  to  avoid  the  parish  tax. 

This  depletion  told  rapidly  U[)()n  the  Society's  re- 
sources, till  they  were  obliged  to  resort  to  voluntary  sub- 
scriptions for  the  support  of  the  minister. 

In  1828  the  amount  raised  (by  subscription)  had  fallen 
to  $237.75.  The  Rev.  Ebenezer  Hubbard  contracted 
with  the  Society  to  supply  the  pulpit  for  three  months  at 
the  rate  of  $500.00  per  year.  The  system  of  temporary 
supply  was  inaugurated  and  there  was  little  or  no  talk  of 
settling  another  minister.  In  1830  an  attempt  was  made 
to  unite  with  the  Methodists,  but  it  was  unsuccessful. 

In  1831  the  pulpit  was  su[)plied  a  part  of  the  year  by 
Rev.  Reuben  Porter.  I  say  part  of  the  year,  for  the 
money  raised  by  the  Society  was  sufficient  for  only  a  par- 
tial supply.  Mr.  Porter  received  eight  dollars  per  Sun- 
day, and  the  whole  amount  raised  was  $200.00.  It  was 
so  difficult  to  raise  money  by  subs(;ription,  that  a  despair- 
ing attempt  was  made  to  bring  into  use  again  the  old  ma- 
chinery of  parish  taxation,  that  had  for  several  years  been 


14  FIRST  RELIGIOUS  SOCIETY  IN  LYNNFIELD. 

gathering  rust.  The  list  of  certificates  of  retiring  mem- 
bers swelled  that  year  like  a  brook  in  a  freshet,  and  the 
old  gearing  gave  way  never  to  be  repaired. 

In  1832  they  returned  to  the  method  of  voluntary  sub- 
scription, but  it  was  too  late  to  stop  the  disintegrating 
process  that  had  for  some  years  been  going  on. 

Plainly  the  elements  were  not  homogeneous.  There 
were  evidentlj^  two  parties  —  the  Orthodox  party  sincere 
and  zealous,  the  Unitarian  party  sincere  but  less  zealous 
— attaching  less  importance  to  the  promulgation  of  their 
special  opinions — and  what  can  hardly  be  called  a  third 
party,  that  cared  little  for  theological  questions  but  a 
great  deal  for  their  pockets.  Some  of  these  drifted  away 
to  other  societies  and  some  remained  for  a  time  with  the 
old  society.  The  result  of  the  seething  of  these  elements 
was,  after  a  while,  to  bring  the  Unitarians  into  a  majority. 

At  a  parish  meeting  in  1830,  mention  is  made  of  a  pa- 
per presented  to  the  moderator  having  reference  to  the 
procuring  of  Unitarian  preaching.  No  direct  action 
seems  to  have  followed,  but  it  showed  the  direction  in 
which  the  tide  was  setting. 

Prominent  among  the  plans  for  preventing  disunion,  as 
I  was  told  by  a  member  of  the  society  not  now  living, 
was  one  proposed  by  the  Unitarian  side,  that  each  party 
should  raise  all  the  money  it  could  and,  as  he  expressed 
it,  "have  all  the  preaching  it  could  pay  for,"  the  Liberals 
pledging  themselves  to  attend  the  services  without  regard 
to  the  doctrines  preached. 

But  this  proposition  was  not  accepted  and  in  1832  cer- 
tificates were  received  from  eighteen  persons  who  formed 
themselves  into  a  religious  society,  to  be  known  as  the 
Orthodox  Evangelical  Society  in  Lynnfield. 

In  1836  the  meeting-house  being  in  need  of  extensive 
repairs,  and  the  society  weakened  financially  as  well  as 


FIRST  RELIGIOUS  SOCIETY  IN  LYNNFIELD.  15 

numerically  by  the  division,  it  was  voted,  at  a  parish 
meeting  held  in  August,  "To  choose  a  comnuttee  of  three 
to  see  if  the  parish  have  a  right  to  give  the  town  a  part  of 
their  house  provided  the  town  will  help  repair  it." 

That  they  found  no  legal  stumbling-block  in  the  way 
is  probable  for,  in  September  of  that  year,  "Articles  of 
agreement  were  made  between  the  Inhabitants  of  the  town 
of  Lynnfield  of  the  one  part,  and  the  First  Congrega- 
tional Society  of  the  other  [)art"  by  which  the  town  and 
society  were  to  occupy  the  building  jointly  and  on  ocpial 
terms  ;  the  town  the  lower  part  and  the  societ}^  the  sec- 
ond stoiy,  both  parties  to  unite  in  making  necessary  re- 
pairs—  either  party  refusing  to  do  so,  losing  its  right  in 
the  building. 

In  1837  a  dispute  having  arisen  between  the  First  Soci- 
ety and  the  Orthodox  regarding  church  property,  recourse 
was  had  to  arbitration  to  settle  it. 

For  a  number  of  years  there  was  a  partial  supply  of 
Unitarian  preaching.  I  find  no  names  mentioned  in  the 
records  but,  among  the  preachers,  I  think,  were  Allen 
Putnam  and  Stimuel  Sewall. 

Various  causes  contributed  to  the  decrease  of  numbers 
and  decline  of  zeal.  For  ten  years  or  more,  services 
were  not  held  in  this  church.  Most  of  the  members  of 
the  Society  attended  the  Orthodox  church,  joining  cor- 
dially in  the  support  of  their  minister.  Rev.  Henry  Green, 
who,  if  orthodox  in  his  theology,  was  of  the  milder  type 
and  little  given  to  doctrinal  preaching.  Dissatisfaction 
with  him  having  at  length  arisen  in  his  society  he  was 
dismissed. 

Services  thereupon  recommenced  in  this  church,  this 
time  under  Universalist  auspices.  Dec.  16,  1849,  Rev. 
George  II.  Emerson,  under  the  direction  of  the  Uni versa- 


16  FIRST  RELIGIOUS  SOCIETY  IN  LYNNFIELD: 

t 

list  Home  Missionary  Society,  inaugurated  the  movement 
which  was  continued  till  1854,  when  Luther  Wolcott  was 
ordained  pastor.  The  congregati(m  at  that  time  averaged 
fifty-six.  But  even  so  much  prosperity  seemed  to  be 
short-lived,  for  at  the  close  of  1855  Mr.  Wolcott's  connec- 
tion with  the  society  was  severed  and  the  fold  was  again 
left  without  a  shepherd. 

After  his  departure  no  disposition  was  manifested  to 
procure  a  further  ministerial  supply.  But  the  choir  con- 
tinued to  meet  at  the  time  of  the  morning  service  to  siug, 
and  several  of  the  congregation  came  to  hear.  So  we  met 
till  June  29,  1856;  then  Mrs.  Pamela  O.  Starr,  who  was 
ever  active  in  the  liberal  cause  and  in  all  good  works 
connected  with  it,  suggested  to  me  the  reading  of  a  ser- 
mon to  those  assembled. 

Acting  upon  her  suggestion  I  read  a  discourse  of  Dr. 
Channing's,  and  she,  from  her  pew,  read  the  hymns  that 
were  sung.  From  that  time  meetings  were  held  regularly 
every  Sunday  morning  till  May,  1864.  Being  absent  that 
year,  services  were  suspended. 

On  the  formation  of  the  Essex  Unitarian  Conference  it. 
was  joined  by  this  Society,  and  to  most  of  its  meetings 
we  have  sent  delegates.  We  have  also  received  many 
favors  by  way  of  gratuitous  service  from  several  of  the 
ministers  of  the  Conference. 

Soon  after  my  return  in  the  spring  of  1865,  services 

were   recommenced  and   continued   without  interruption 

until  July,   1879.     Since   that  time  we  have   held    only 

occasional  meetings.     We  have  received  from  Rev.  Mr. 

Morrison  of  Wakefield  cordial  assistance  with  unlimited 

offers  of  gratuitous  preaching,  which  makes  us  feel  like 

Shelley's  "Sensitive  Plant,"  that 

"could  give  small  fruit 
Of  the  love  which  it  felt  from  the  leaf  to  the  root." 


FIRST  RELIGIOUS  SOCIETY  IN  LYNNFIELD.  17 

And  later,  the  Women's  Unitarian  Union  of  Salem  over- 
whelms us  with  kindness,  not  only  helping  us  to  repair  our 
church,  of  which  there  had  come  to  be  urgent  need,  but 
persisting  in  furnishing  us  with  preaching,  even  though 
we  assure  them  we  are  unable  to  furnish  an  audience, 
until  we  fully  realize  the  truth  of  the  apothegm,  "when 
the  women  will  they  will,  you  may  depend  on't". 
May  we  never  be  so  situated  as  to  test  the  truth  of  the 
other  member  of  the  couplet.  We  never  so  much  desired 
—  I  was  about  to  say  a  knowledge  of  the  black  art,  but 
I  will  say,  some  magical  rule  of  multiplication,  by  which 
we  might  be  able  to  present  a  congregation  commensurate 
with  their  kindness  and  zeal  in  our  behalf. 

One  date  more  in  my  history, — Sept.  8,  1881.  A  large 
congregation  is  assembled  in  the  old  church.  From  far 
and  near  they  have  come  to  fill  it  once  more,  and  do 
honor  to  its  one  hundred  and  sixty-six  years ;  have  met  to 
listen  to  a  few  incidents,  scattered  along  the  years,  of  the 
simple  story  of  a  little  spring  that  bubbled  up  here, 
sparkling  with  the  waters  of  Religious  Liberty  that,  in 
1620,  ninety-five  j^ears  before,  fell  in  a  quiet  but  copious 
shower,  to  be  stored  up  ^neath  the  rocks,  and  in  the  soil 
of  a  virgin  continent,  that  the  thirsty  of  all  lands  might 
come  and  drink. 

With  my  ear  to  the  telephone  whose  invisible  wire 
stretches  back  through  years  that  are  dim  to  our  vision, 
I  hear  from  the  little  band  that  first  met  here  :  "1715 
sends  greeting  to  1881.  Welcome  to  the  Essex  Unitarian 
Conference!  —  outcome  of  the  seed  that  in  the  dimness 
of  the  dawn  we  and  our  brethren  sowed." 


HIST.   COLL.  XIX 


PARISH  LIST  OF  DEATHS  BEGUN  1785. 


KECORDfeD  BY  WILLIAM  BENTLEY,  D.  D.,  OP  THE  EAST  CHURCH,  SALEM,  MASS. 


[Continued  from  page  223,  Part  3,  Vol.  XVIII.] 
DEATHS   IN    1813. 

1012.  June  13.  Mary,  dan.  of  Samuel  and  Eunice 
Moses.  Lung  fever,  18  months.  She  a  Chever  by  P. 
English's  daughter.  He  a  son  of  Joseph  Moses.  One 
child,  a  daughter,  left.     County  street. 

1013.  Aug.  6.  Charles,  son  of  Jesse  and  Eunice 
Richardson.  By  hot  water  thrown  from  a  window,  2 
years.  Died  in  twenty-four  hours.  Mother  lately  de- 
ceased. Six  children  left,  three  males.  Brown  street, 
near  Washington  Square. 

1014.  Aug.  14.  Ebenezer,  son  of  Ebenezer  and 
Elizabeth  Phippen.  Cholera  morbus,  36  years.  He  was 
the  grandson  of  deacon  David  Phippen  and  son  of  Eben- 
ezer. Not  married.  A  blockmaker  with  Mr.  Jonathan 
Smith,  and  journeyman.  Liberty  street,  between  Charter 
and  Water. 

1015.  Aug.  26.  Margaret,  sister  of  Richard  Man- 
ning, esq.  Aged,  79  years.  She,  with  two  brothers, 
father  and  sister,  lived  together  half  a  century.  The 
elder  brother  had  a  good  estate.  She,  with  one  brother 
and  one  sister,  lived  upon  an  estate  left  by  Richard  Man- 
ning, esq.  Had  no  physician,  gradual  decay.  See  D.  B. 
Essex  street,  between  Orange  and  Herbert. 

1016.  Aug.  28.  Martha  Wright.  Fever,  17  years. 
Sick  one  fortnight  at  Mr.  Upton's  and  buried  from  his 
son's,  corner  of  Daniel  and  Essex  streets.  Living  in 
the  family  of  Mr.  Upton  on  the  Forest  river  farm,  Salem 

(18) 


bentley's  record  of  deaths.  19 

side.     Father  and  mother  at  Paxton.      Two  brothers  and 
three  sisters  left.     From  Southfields. 

1017.  Sept.  11.  Thomas,  son  of  John  M.  and  Re- 
becca Peck.  Dropsy  in  head,  6  months.  He  from  Dan- 
bury  in  Connecticut,  motlier  living.  Slie  a  Silsbee  having 
parents  and  grandmother  living  in  Salem.  One  child, 
son,  left.     Webb  street. 

1018.  Sept.  27.  William  Jackson,  son  of  W.  and 
Mary  Richardson.  Dropsy  in  head,  2  months.  She  a 
Watts.  One  child  left.  Daniels  street,  below  Derby, 
near  the  Point. 

1019.  Oct.  14.  Philip  Cotel.  Fever  and  rupture, 
32  years.  He  from  Marblchead.  Father  a  Frenchman. 
She  a  MascoU  and  widow  of  Jesse  Kenny.  She  had  two 
children,  son  and  daughter,  by  Kenny  ;  one  son  by  Cotel. 
Essex  street,  between  Becket  and  English. 

1020.  Oct.  31.  John  Watson.  Palsy  and  apoplexy,  67 
years.  Schoolmaster  thirty-four  years,  public  and  private. 
His  parents  left  him  in  easy  circumstances,  and  he  left  oft* 
his  school  in  1801.  He  was  from  the  Watsons  of  Cam- 
bridge. His  father  came  young  to  Salem.  By  his  mother 
from  Pickering  and  Browne.  Left  four  children,  two 
sons,  one  in  Portland  umnarried.     Died  in  Northtields. 

1021.  Nov.  4.  Male  child  of  Benjamin  and  Betsy 
Pierce.  Atrophy  inf.,  9  weeks.  She  a  Peach.  He  a 
ropemaker,  now  at  New  York.  Served  with  Vincent. 
Three  children  left,  one  son  and  two  daughters.  Union 
street. 

1022.  Nov.  6.  Capt.  Nathaniel  Chever.  Consumption, 
36  years.  Son  of  Daniel  Chever,  well  known  in  Salem. 
His  mother  had  many  sons,  two  survive.  His  wife  a 
Hutchinson.  Four  children  left,  three  males.  Turner 
street,  below  Derby. 

1023.  Nov.  16.     Hanna,  wife  of  Capt.  William  Webb. 


20  bentley's  record  of  deaths. 

Paralytic  affections,  48  years.  She  was  an  Allen  from 
Marblehead,  and  was  brought  up  in  Col.  Pickman's  family. 
A  worthy  woman.  See  D.  B.  Left  four  children,  one  son 
and  three  daughters.     Hardy  street,  near  Meeting-house. 

1024.  Nov.  26.  Mary,  wife  of  G.  Crowninshield. 
Paralytic  affections,  76  years.  She  was  a  dau.  of  Richard 
Derby,  esq.,  the  last  of  his  children.  Married  at  19  years 
of  age  ;  time  in  marriage  fifty-seven  years.  Left  four  sons 
and  two  daughters ;  one  married  N.  Silsbee.  Derby 
street,  cor.  of  Orange  street ;  house  built  by  Ropes. 

1025.  Dec.  5.  Male  child  of  Capt.  James  and  Deb- 
orah Fairfield.  Quinsy,  about  3  years.  He  a  son  of 
John.  She  a  second  wife,  sister  of  the  first,  a  Goodrich, 
of  Beverly.  Her  only  child ;  a  son  by  former  wife. 
Becket  street. 

1026.  Dec.  23.  Ephraim  Croswell.  Fever,  18  years. 
A  stranger,  at  Mrs.  Tripp's.  Came  up  from  Saco  to  go  in 
a  Privateer,  having  been  out  in  the  "Stark".  Said  he 
belonged  to  Boston,  but  his  parents  dead  ;  been  in  Salem 
eight  weeks.     Cor.  Becket  and  Essex  streets. 

deaths  in  1814. 

1027.  Jan.  18.  Rebecca,  widow  of  William  Patter- 
son. Old  age,  90  years.  She  a  Tozzer.  Her  son  Wil- 
liam died  Sept.  6,  1793,  set.  47.  A  most  worthy  man. 
She  died  by  insensible  decay,  lay  and  slept  like  a  child. 
Her  mother  died  in  Orange  street,  where  my  family  lived, 
aged  85,  July  1785,  in  the  same  manner.  She  has  left 
three  daughters.  Brown  street,  northwestern  corner 
Washington  Square. 

1028.  Jan.  21.  Hanna,  wife  of  James  Parker.  Com- 
plication, 32  years.  She  was  a  Smith,  married  at  19  years 
of  age,  and  lived  thirteen  years  in  marriage.  Her  mother 
a  Stone.     Was  married  from  the  family  of  Joseph  Pea- 


bentley's  record  of  deaths.  21 

body,  merchant.  HusbancVs  mother  a  Harthorne.  Two 
daughters,  one  at  Beverly  and  one  at  Salem. 

1029.  Feb.  10.  News  of  the  death  of  Capt.  John 
Allen,  at  Halifax,  Jan.  16,  aged  35  years.  He  was  a  twin 
with  his  brother  Alexander,  Avho  died  before  liim,  and  son 
of  the  late  Capt.  Edw.  Allen  by  second  wife  Lockart. 
He  married  1st,  at  22  years,  a  Nicholson  from  Pl3'nioiith, 
living  with  her  five  years  ;  2nd  a  Gardner  who  survives 
him.     Two  children,  one  by  each  marriage,  left. 

1080.  Feb.  11.  Jesse  Kichardson,  merchant,  37  years. 
SeeD.  B.  He  married,  at  23,  Eunice  Dodge,  daughter  of 
Joshua  Dodge,  esq.  Six  children  left,  three  males. 
East  street,  at  the  homestead. 

1031.  Feb.  12.  Benjamin,  son  of  Benjamin  and  Ly- 
dia  Howard.  Atroph.  inf.,  7  weeks.  She  a  nurse  in  the 
family  of  Herbert  Harthorne,  merchant,  of  Salem.  Hus- 
band in  sea  service.  Two  children  left,  one  male.  Tur- 
ner street,  below  Derby. 

1032.  Feb.  26.  Eliza,  dan.  of  Richard  Palfrey. 
Consumption,  22  years.  This  the  third  within  a  few  yenrs  ; 
Abigail  in  1811,  Dorothy  in  Apr.,  1812.  Four  sons  and 
a  daughter  left  by  mother  of  this  daughter,  who  was  a 
Wedger.  Four  children  by  another  wife,  who  was  a 
Morgan.  One  brother  in  Baltimore.  Derby  street,  near 
Becket. 

1033.  Feb.  27.  Female  child  of  Thomas  and  Sara 
Dean,  3  days.  This  their  first  child.  She  a  Burdett. 
Mother  descended  from  Massey,  Williams,  aud  Brown. 
She  a  sister  and  brother.  He  the  grandchild  of  Capt. 
Thomas  Dean,  and  has  a  sister.  Mrs.  Williams  lived  long 
in  Union  street.  Grandmother,  sister  of  the  mother  of 
Mr.  Dean,  married  Gamaliel  Hodges  ;  another  sister  Capt. 
Swett.     East  street. 

1034.  Mar.  1.     Mary,  widow  of  Capt.  John  Whitford. 


22  bentley's  record  of  deaths. 

Aged,  80  years.  She  was  a  Foot,  married  at  23,  and 
lived  twenty  years  in  married  life.  Husband  died  in 
Halifax  prison  in  1779.  One  daughter  left,  who  married 
W.  Oliver.  One  daughter  married  a  Hill,  then  a  Gold- 
smith. Left  nine  great  grandchildren  and  five  grand- 
children. A  woman  of  good  behavior  and  steady  mind. 
Derby  street,  corner  of  Webb. 

1035.  Mar.  19.  Capt.  Samuel  Chever.  Paralytic, 
76  years.  Married  at  32  years,  and  lived  forty-four 
years  in  married  life.  Left  the  sea  service  twenty-seven 
years  ago.  She  from  Black  point,  Scarborough,  Me.,  and 
fourteen  years  younger  than  he.  O^e  daughter  left, 
widow  Beckford,  who  has  one  child.  Grandchildren  by  a 
son  deceased.     Brown  street,  cor.  of  Winter. 

1036.  Mar.  20.  Elizabeth,  widow  of  David  Mans- 
field. Mortification  from  broken  limb,  75  years.  She 
was  a  Wallace  from  Wilmington,  N.  C,  married  at  27,  and 
lived  thirty-one  years  in  married  life.  Husband  lost  at 
sea  in  1798.    Had  no  children.     See  D.  B.  50,  p.  222. 

1037.  Mar.  24.  Mary,  wife  of  Israel  Ward.  Con- 
sumption, 34  years.  Only  child  of  Peter  and  Mary  Mur- 
ray, married  at  23,  and  lived  eleven  years  in  married  life. 
Always  of  feeble  constitution,  long  confined.  A  good 
wife.  She  left  three  children,  all  males.  Her  mother  a 
Webb.  She  heir  to  Aunt  Co  wen,  known  proverbially 
among  us  as  Aunt  Cowen's  daughter.  Born  where  she 
lived,  Becket  street. 

1038.  Mar.  30.  Margaret,  widow  of  William  Sheldon. 
Palsy,  74  years.  Twice  married.  First,  at  19  years, 
Paul  Mansfield  with  whom  she  lived  seven  years ;  second, 
William  Sheldon,  with  whom  she  lived  three  years.  She 
was  a  Whitford.  Her  children,  by  both  husbands,  died 
before  her. 

1039.  April  30.     Kichard  Palfray,  sailmaker.     Con- 


bentley's  kecord  of  deaths.  23 

sumption,  69  years.  Married  at  21,  and  lived  thirty-one 
years  in  married  life.  He  was  from  Gloucester,  descended 
from  Capt.  Eobinson  who  built  the  schooner.  Lived  with 
a  relative  at  Boston  ;  left  and  came  to  Marblehead,  and 
after  marriao^e  to  Sale<m.  Four  sons  and  one  daughter. 
Derby  street,  opp.  Becket. 

1040.  May  15.  Edward,  son  of  John  and  Eunice 
Harwood.  Atrophy,  17  months.  The  child  a  twin,  never 
in  good  health.  They  have  two  children  left,  one  son. 
Both  parents  born  in  Salem.     Union  street. 

1041.  May  20.  Maria,  dau.  of  Kichard  and  Mariam 
Manning.  Cynanche  (see  D.  B.),  27  years.  Father 
died  in  April,  1813,  leaving  nine  children,  live  sons. 
Came  from  Ipswich  in  1776.  (See  at  that  date.)  The 
four  daughters  have  lived  with  the  mother.  This  daugh- 
ter lost  her  voice  for  a  year ;  at  last  the  disorder,  attended 
with  general  debility,  ended  in  cynanche,  for  which  she 
had  the  most  able  physicians  at  Boston  and  Salem,  four  of 
whom  were  with  her  when  she  died.     Herbert  street. 

1042.  May  22.  Joseph,  son  of  Joseph  and  Sara 
Guillon.  Atrophy,  3  weeks.  He  a  Frenchman  and  lived 
long  with  Mr.  Greenleaf.  Has  been  in  the  America.  She 
a  Johnson.  They  have  one  child,  a  daughter,  left.  Mar- 
ried nearly  two  years.     English  street. 

1043.  June.  News  of  the  death  of  Daniel,  son  of 
Daniel  and  Elsey  Ropes.  In  prison.  19  years.  Was 
taken  in  the  ship  Montgomery,  carried  to  Halifax,  thence 
sent  to  England,  and  died  at  Chatham,  a  prisoner,  Feb.  9, 
1814.  His  mother  a  Chever.  Father  dead.  She  has 
one  child  left,  a  daughter,  who  married  an  Upton.  Mother 
lives  in  Daniels  street. 

1044.  June.  News  of  the  death  of  Christopher,  son 
of  Christopher  and  Ruth  Babbidge.  In  prison.  21  years. 
He  was  prizemaster  of  a  prize  to  the  Polly,  taken  and  car- 


24  bentley's  record  of  deaths. 

ried  to  Halifax,  thence  sent  to  England.  Died  at  Chatham 
a  prisoner,  Jan.  19,  1814.  He  addressed  a  Miss  Gerard. 
Mother  a  Randall.  One  son  and  five  daughters  left.  Fath- 
er's family  live  in  Becket  street. 

1045.  July  5.  Rebecca,  wife  of  Neal  Mackey.  Fever 
and  mortification,  25  years.  She  was  married  at  18  and 
lived  seven  years  in  married  life.  From  Boston  and  lived 
at  Brookline,  Mass.  Her  family  name  Bates.  He  from 
Boston,  afterwards  at  Townsend,  Me.  He  a  recruiting 
oflicer  at  head  of  Crowninshield's  wharf.  Lived  in  Salem 
but  a  few  years.  Four  children  left,  one  daughter.  Derby 
street,  near  Becket,  between  Becket  and  English. 

1046.  July  27.  Samuel  Moses,  shoemaker.  Con- 
sumption, 29  years.  Grandson  of  Capt.  Moses  of  the 
King's  Customs.  Married,  at  21,  a  granddaughter  of  Philip 
English,  sexton,  and  lived  in  married  life  eight  years. 
His  father  Joseph  died  in  Boston.  Left  a  wife  and  two 
children,  one  son  and  one  daughter  the  youngest.  County 
street. 

1047.  Aug.  2.  News  of  the  death  of  Capt.  John  Bick- 
ford.  Abroad  at  Montevideo  and  Buenos  Ay  res,  49  years. 
He  has  been  detained  about  three  years  by  the  war,  with  a 
great  property  for  Lt.  Gov.  Gray  in  Spanish  America. 
Said  to  have  died  of  consumption,  after  a  fall  from  a 
horse.  At  26  years  of  age,  he  married  Mary  Ramsdell, 
niece  of  Capt.  Joseph  White,  and  educated  in  his  family, 
living  twenty-three  years  in  married  lite.  He  from  Dur- 
ham, N.  H.     Four  children  left,  two  sons.     Bridge  street. 

1048.  Aug.  17.  Elizabeth,  dau.  of  William  and 
Hanna  Webb.  Fever,  19  years.  A  promising  and  really 
good  girl.  Mother  a  worthy  woman,  died  November 
last.  Children  yet  left  one  son  and  two  daughters. 
Daniels  street. 

1049.  Sept.  12.     Judith,  widow  of  John  Webb,  who 


bentley's  record   of   deaths.  25 

died  Mjiy  17,  1811.  Aged,  84  ^^ears.  She  wns  a  Phelps, 
married  at  21,  and  lived  sixty  years  in  married  life.  Her 
father  lived  to  a  great  age,  as  did  many  of  the  family. 
The  elder  sister,  Emma  Southward,  and  the  youngest 
sister,  Eunice  Perkins  survive.  Three  sons  and  three 
daughters  survive  her,  and  many  grandchildren  and  great- 
grandchildren. At  her  son  Benjamin's  on  Essex,  hetween 
Herhert  and  Union  streets. 

1050.  Sept.  14.  Isaac,  of  Thomas  and  Charlotte 
Magoun.  Fever  (affection  of  the  head?),  7  years. 
He  from  Pemhroke  ;  she  a  daughter  of  Nicholas  Lane, 
now  of  Salem,  but  from  Gloucester.  Tiirec  children, 
two  mides.     Derby  street,  east  corner  of  English. 

1051.  Sept.  23.  Hiram,  male  child  of  Benjamin 
Hans  and  Mary  Hancock.  5  years.  Of  a  feeble  consti- 
tution. He  from  Chester,  Pennsylvania,  nine  years  in 
Salem.  She  born  in  Danvers,  a  Richardson.  One  male 
child  left.     Carlton  street. 

1052.  Oct.  12.  Susan  Farnum,  twin  child  of  Daniel 
and  Susan  Berry.  Fever,  10  months.  He  East  town 
schoolmaster.  She  a  Farnum  from  Andovor.  Three 
children  left,  males.  Pleasant  street,  opp.  AVashington 
Square. 

1053.  Oct.  17.  Mary,  widow  of  W.  Brown.  Con- 
sumption, 34  years.  She  was  a  Parnel,  granddaughter  of 
Mercy  Welman,  who  was  a  Ward,  and  married  at  19. 
Her  mother  afterwards  married  a  Daniel.  Lived  in  Bos- 
ton and  came  back  to  Salem.  One  child  left.  Derby 
street,  west  corner  of  Becket. 

1054.  Oct.  17.  Elizabeth,  dau.  of  John  Symonds,  a 
man  of  a  century.  86  years.  Unmarried.  Her  father 
died  in  1791,  aged  100  years  ;  her  brother  John,  in  1796, 
aged  74  years  ;  her  sister,  deceased  wife  of  Capt.  Barr. 
Left  her  estate  to  her  benefactors  and  the  poor.     Lived 


26  bentley's  record  of  deaths. 

near  Beverly  bridge,  Bridge  street,  in  a  house  built  by 
her  father. 

1055.  Oct.  21.  Jonathan,  son  of  Israel  and  Mary 
Ward.  Dropsy  in  head  (so  said),  9  months.  He  a  son 
of  John  Ward.  The  mother,  a  Murray,  died  in  March 
last.     Two  children  left,  sons.     Becket  street. 

1056.  Oct.  28.  Mary,  dau.  of  William  and  Sara 
Millet.  Consumption,  18  years.  Long  failing,  not  able 
to  lie  down  in  bed  for  months.  Her  father  died  in  1810. 
Mother  an  Archer.  Three  sisters  and  two  brothers  left. 
Two  married  to  Nichols  and  Lawrence.  Lawrence  lives 
at  Hoi  lis.  One  child,  male,  born  after  death  of  father. 
Essex  street,  west  cor.  of  Pleasant. 

1057.  Nov.  16.  Hanna,  widow  of  Capt.  Benjamin 
Hodges.  Asthma  and  consumption,  59  years.  She  was 
the  dau.  of  William  and  Mary  King,  and  lived  in  the 
family  of  Dr.  Bulfinch,  wife  an  Apmerp.  Unquestion- 
ably one  of  the  best  of  women.  Well  educated.  Married 
at  22  years  of  age  ;  time  in  marriage,  28  years.  She  was 
of  small  person,  pleasant  aspect,  even  virtues  and  uniform 
excellence.  Left  three  daughters,  one  a  Silsbee.  Essex 
street,  east  cor.  of  Orange. 

1058.  Dec.  17.  John  Collins,  son  of  James  and 
grandson  of  James.  Consumption,  59  years.  He  mar- 
ried, at  29,  widow  Himmond,  who  was  a  Lander,  and 
lived  thirty  years  in  marriage.  Was  infirm  for  a  long 
time.  Was  one  of  the  town  watch  for  years.  Long  a 
prisoner  which  delayed  marriage.  His  grandfather  mar- 
ried a  Becket,  and  his  Either  married  Sara  Thomas.  Eng- 
lish street,  Ingersoll's  house. 

1059.  Dec.  18.  Mary,  dau.  of  Col.  Samuel  Carlton, 
deceased.  Consumption  and  asthma,  47  years.  She 
lived  seventeen  years  with  her  sister  Barr.  Kept  a  pub- 
lic and  private  school.     Died  at  her  mother's,  who  is  about 


bentley's   record   of  deaths.  27 

83  years  old.  Left  two  brothers  and  four  sisters;  two 
sisters  married  and  one  brother.  Union  street,  or  the 
Carlton  House  on  old  estate. 

deaths  IX  1815. 

1060.  Jan.  6.  Margaret,  widow  of  Daniel  Curtis. 
Old  age,  82  years.  She  was  a  Thomas  of  Marblehead  ; 
married  at  21  years,  and  lived  twenty-four  years  in  mar- 
ried life.  Was  a  sister  of  James  Cotton's  wife  from 
Jersey,  and  lived  many  years  a  widow  in  English  street. 
Came  to  Salem  in  early  life  ;  her  mother  a  Dixey.  Left 
no  children. 

1061.  Jan  20.  Thomas  Rhue.  Aged,  75  years.  He 
married,  at  24,  Susanna  Becket,  who  died  in  1805  ;  time 
in  marriage,  forty-one  years.  He  was  son  of  nurse  Kbue, 
so  called.  Left  six  chiklren,  three  sons  and  three  daugli- 
ters.  One  son  and  three  daughters  married ;  Kehew, 
Colan  and  Larrabee. 

1062.  Jan.  2L  Funeral  of  JefFry  Allen,  a  prisoner 
from  Liverpool,  Eng.  Consumption,  27  years.  Late 
mate  of  the  brig  Mary  of  Poole.  Has  a  wife  in  Liver- 
pool, no  children.  Sick  in  the  hospital  fur  some  time. 
Was  interred  with  every  ceremony  of  respect  from  Capt. 
Thomas  Wells'  house  in  County  street.  Capt.  Wells  is  in 
the  service  of  the  Guard  Ship. 

1063.  Feb.  1.  Lydia,  widow  of  John  Teague.  Con- 
sumption, 42  years.  She  married  first,  at  21,  a  Galloway, 
with  whom  she  lived  two  years ;  time  in  second  marriage, 
eight  years.  She  was  a  granddaughter  of  Mr.  Horton, 
who  lived  at  Skerry's  Point  and  after  whom  it  was  called 
during  his  life  at  that  place. 

1064.  Feb.  24.  Capt.  Nathaniel  Phippen.  Consump- 
tion, etc.,  57  years.  Son  of  Deacon  D.  Phippen,  mar- 
ried Apr.  20,  1779,  at  21,  a  Hooper,  with  whom  he  lived 


28  bentley's  record  of  deaths. 

thirty-six  years.  Left  two  children,  a  son,  and  daughter 
who  married  Capt.  Jos.  J.  Knapp.  His  grandchildren 
by  Knapp.  Five  sisters  survive  :  Gill,  Smith,  Symonds, 
King,  and  a  maiden  sister.  No  brother  left.  Of  an 
athletic  constitution.  Supposed  injured  by  lodging  at 
the  Turf  ground.  Gardner  (or  March)  street  from 
Bridge  street  leading  to  Skerry's  Point. 

1065.  Feb.  25.  Hanna,  dau.  of  Robert  and  Anstis 
^  Stone.  Consumption,  26  years.  An  excellent  woman,  of 
^             a  very  delicate  constitution  from  infancy.     They  have  two 

children  left ;  a  son  married  and  widowed  daughter  Sally, 
wife  of  And.  Dunlap.  Hardy  street,  near  the  meeting- 
house. 

1066.  Feb.  28.  Jacob  Manning.  Long  infirmities, 
78  years.  Never  possessed  health.  Unmarried.  Brother 
of  Richard  Manning,  esq.  He  lived  with  his  brother  and 
three  unmarried  sisters,  who  are  all  now  dead  but  one. 
Essex  street,  between  Curtis  and  Herbert. 

1067.  Mar.  27.  Jonathan,  son  of  Thomas  and  Hanna 
Rowell,  22  years.  She  a  Becket.  Seven  children  survive, 
five  sons.     Turner  street,  between  Essex  and  Derby. 

1068.  Apr.  4.  Capt.  Clifford  Byrne.  Apoplexy, 
68  years.  At  22,  he  married  Margaret  Whitford  from 
Mary  Elkins',  and  lived  in  married  life  forty-six  years. 
Grandson  of  Capt.  Clifford  Crowninshield  of  Salem. 
Left  two  sons,  Clifford  and  John,  who  have  children. 
Clifford  married  a  daughter  of  Capt.  W.  Patterson.  Her- 
bert street. 

1069.  Apr.  12.  Enoch  Goodale.  Aged,  89  years. 
He  was  once  sexton  to  the  Friends,  Quakers.  Married 
out  of  their  communion  ;  first,  at  23,  a  Buxton  with  whom 
he  lived  thirty  years,  then  a  Bell,  with  whom  he  lived 
nine  years.  Three  sons  left ;  one  only  in  the  state,  one 
in  Maine,  one  in  Conn. 


bentley's  eecord  of  deaths.  29 

1070.  Apr.  12.  Peter  Frye.  Dysentery,  60  years. 
Son  of  Col  Frye,  a  Biilisli  pensioner,  and  grandson  of 
Col.  B.  Pickman.     Thirty-seven  years  in  Salem. 

1071.  May  30.  Nicholas  Lane,  sailmaker.  Cancer, 
67  years.  Employed  every  physician  of  whom  he  could 
hear.  He  from  Cape  Ann.  Married  first,  at  22,  Anna 
Bezoel,  who  died  in  1809,  and  with  Avhom  he  lived  thirty- 
one  years  ;  second,  widow  ^Nlary  Bnffiim,  with  whom  he 
lived  thirteen  years.  Eleven  children  lelt,  three  sons  and 
eight  daughters.  Derby  street,  between  Carlton  and 
Becket. 

1072.  June  16.  Capt.  George  Crowninshield.  Age, 
81  years.  Pie  the  grandson  of  an  emigrant.  Dr.  J.  C.  K. 
C.  from  Leipsic.  He  married,  at  23,  a  daughter  of  Rich- 
ard Derby,  esq.,  with  whom  he  lived  fifty-seven  years. 
Six  children  left,  four  sons  and  twodjuighters.  One  son, 
George,  and  daughter,  unmarried,  in  family  with  him. 
Father  of  Jacob,  Member  of  Congress,  and  B.  Secretary 
of  the  Navy.  Very  temperate  and  active  till  the  last. 
Drank  little  but  water  for  a  month  before  death.  Derby 
street,  between  Daniels  and  Orange,  cor.  of  Orange. 

1073.  July  6.  Edward,  child  of  Nathaniel  and  widow 
Abigail  Chever.  Suddenly,  18  months.  Com[)laint  in 
the  bowels,  pndc  root  administered,  and  almost  instant 
death  ensued.  Physicians  both  young,  etc.  Father  died 
in  1813,  and  left  four  children.  She  a  Hutchinson  (see 
Nov.  of  that  year).  Three  children  left,  two  males. 
Carlton  street. 

1074.  July  6.  John,  son  of  John  and  Eunice  Har- 
wood.  Suddenly,  31  months.  As  in  the  other  case; 
complaint  in  the  bowels,  pink  root  administered,  and 
almost  instant  death  ensued.  Same  physicians.  Buried 
a  child  in  April,  1814.  He  is  a  prisoner  taken  from  one 
of  our  U.  S.  vessels,  the  Syren.  She  a  Kidgway,  mother 
now  a  Bedney.     Essex  street  above  Pleasant. 


30  bentley's  recoed  of  deaths. 

1075.  July  8.  Sara,  daughter  of  John  and  Sara 
Phmtine.  Atroph.  inf.,  6  years.  She  a  Ward,  died 
lately,  a  Baptist.  He  a  foreigner.  One  male  child  left. 
Derby  street,  between  Becket  and  English. 

1076.  July  27.  Hanna  Mansfield,  maiden.  Age,  80 
years.  Her  mother  was  an  ancient  schoolmistress  in  east 
part  of  Salem  for  many  years,  died  in  1791,  8Bt.  82,  and 
left  only  this  daughter  and  a  house  for  her  in  Derby  street. 
Died  at  Fort  Lee. 

1077.  July  29.  George,  child  of  George  and  Mary 
Wright.  Mortification  in  bowels,  4  months.  Fine  child, 
good  mother.  Complaint  not  well  understood.  She  a 
Cleaves,  married  in  1811.  Mother  a  Scot.  Father 
from  Gothenburg  in  Sweden.  Has  been  long  absent 
at  sea.  One  child,  a  son,  left.  Hardy  street,  below 
Derb3^ 

1078.  Sept.  10.  Elizabeth  Putnam,  dan.  of  Edw. 
and  Anna  Allen.  Dropsy  in  head  (so  said),  10  years. 
He  abroad  and  separated  from  his  family  by  his  affairs. 
Son  of  late  Capt.  Edward  Allen.  She  a  daughter  of  the 
late  Gen.  John  Fiske.  Five  children,  two  males  and 
three  females.  E.  Vine  Street,  south  of  Walnut,  in  Gen. 
Fiske's  mansion. 

1079.  Sept.  21.  Sara,  widow  of  Charles  Edey. 
Complication,  74  years.  She  was  a  Grey,  married  in 
1768,  at  26,  and  lived  in  married  life  thirteen  years. 
Left  two  children,  daughters. 

1080.  Sept.  23.  John,  child  of  John  and  Mercy  Up- 
ton. Dysentery,  16  months.  Only*  child.  She  a  Town- 
send,  dau.  of  Samuel  Young.  He,  son  of  Mr.  Upton  on 
Pick  man's  farm. 

1081.  Sept.  27.  Female  child  of  Zechariah  F.  and 
Sarah  Silsbee.  Sore  mouth  and  dysentery,  24  days.  He 
a  son  of  N.  Silsbee  and  brother  of  N.  and  William.  She 
a  Boardman,  mother  a  Hodges.     Three  children  left,  one 


bentley's  record  of  deaths.  31 

female.     Pleasant  street,  opp.  Washington  Square,  west 
side'. 

1082.  Sept.  2S,  John,  of  Samuel  and  Martha  Silsbee. 
Abscess  and  cousumption,  15  years.  He  a  son  of  Sam- 
uel and  Martha.  Grandmother  living,  dan.  of  Deacon 
Prince.  Mother  a  Read.  Five  children  left,  two  sons. 
Daughter  settled  in  Vermont,  another  in  Boston.  Webb 
street. 

1083.  Oct.  14.  Mary,  widow  of  Oliver  Berry.  PV 
ver,  77  years.  Not  a  week's  illness.  A  meek  woman, 
much  regarded.  She  a  Brown,  married  Jan.  1765,  at  22, 
living  three  years  in  married  life.  No  children  survive, 
seven  grandchildren.  A  widow  fifty  years  aud  widow  in- 
deed.    Essex,  cor.  of  Turner  street. 

1084.  Oct.  20.  Widow  Grace  Ilampson.  Aged,  SQ 
years.  Born  in  Marblehead,  lived  in  Salem  twenty  years. 
She  was  a  Horn  of  Marblehead,  married  at  2()  and  lived 
ten  years  in  married  life.  She  left  three  children  :  one 
daughter  Card,  a  son  with  whom  she  repeatedly  lived 
in  Salem,  now  removed  to  Boston,  and  a  son  in  Maine. 
Was  at  board  with  her  orranddauofhter  Hayes  in  Salem. 
A  sister,  S.  Fletcher,  survives.  English  street,  near 
Essex. 

1085.  Oct.  24.  Nancy,  wife  of  David  Phipi)en.  Fe- 
ver, 37  years.  Married  at  21  and  lived  sixteen  years  in 
married  life.  Her  mother  a  Cooke,  grandfather  a  Clough. 
Six  children  left,  four  sons  and  two  daughters.  He  a 
grandson  of  deacon  D.  Phippen.  St.  Peter  street,  below 
County. 

1086.  Nov.  4.  John,  of  Samuel  and  Lydia  Buffum. 
Convulsions,  9  months.  She  a  daughter  of  Nicholas 
Lane  who  died  in  May.  Four  children  left,  two  males. 
He  belongs  to  Salem,  removed  to  Charlestown  and  re- 
turned.    Walnut  street  between  W.  and  Elm. 


32  bentley's  record  of  deaths. 

1087.  Nov.  7.  Margaret,  widow  of  Benjamin  Nurse. 
Fever,  etc.,  67  years.  She  was  a  Welcome  in  Dan- 
iels street.  Married  at  26,  and  lived  thirty  years  in  mar- 
ried life.  Her  husband  a  baker.  Left  two  children; 
eldest  son  in  Boston.  Her  brother  Thomas  married  a 
Lambert.     A  sister  Foye  only  one  left.     Daniels  street. 

1088.  Nov.  17.  Elizabeth,  wife  of  John  Wells,  aged 
67.  She  was  a  Darling.  Twice  married;  first  at  21,  a 
Talbot,  with  whom  she  lived  six  years,  then  a  Wells,  with 
whom  she  lived  six  years.  No  children  by  last  marriage. 
Two  children,  sons,  living  in  1809. 

1089.  Nov.  17.  Peter  Green,  African  servant  of  Maj. 
Gen.  N.  Green,  a  hero  of  the  Eevolution.  Aged,  80 
years.  Twice  married  ;  first,  at  21,  living  in  married  life 
fourteen  years,  and  second  marriage  of  sixteen  ^^ears. 
Born  in  Africa.  Came  to  Salem  after  the  war  and  mar- 
ried Flora  Gerrish,  who  died  four  years  ago.  He  was 
comfortable  w4iile  she  lived,  then  poor.  Two  children, 
son  and  daughter,  not  living  in  Salem. 

1090.  Nov.  26.  Mehitable,  wife  of  Michael  O'Brian. 
Fever,  50  years.  She  was  a  daughter  of  Capt.  John 
Harthorne  and  married  fii'st,  at  18,  a  King,  with  whom 
she  lived  two  years;  second,  in  1786,  Samuel  Giles,  with 
whom  she  lived  eighteen  years,  and  by  whom  she  had  two 
children,  males  ;  third,  her  present  husband,  who  was  from 
Ireland,  married  in  Boston.     Derby  street  near  Union. 

1091.  Dec.  19.  Robert,  child  of  William  and  Sara 
Bates.  Eruptive  fever,  supposed  measles,  15  months. 
Mother  a  sister  of  Charles  Forbes.     Northey  street. 

DEATHS  IN   1816. 

1092.  Jan.  2.  Jacob  Haynes  from  Prussia.  Con- 
sumption, 52  years.  A  seaman.  Married,  first,  a  wid- 
ow Webb  and   had  a  dau. -in-law.     She  died  Sept.  21, 


33 

1808.  aet.  49,  from  AYilmington,  N.  C.  ;  second,  at  40 
years  of  age,  the  present  wife,  with  whom  he  lived  four 
years.  No  children  by  last  wife.  Derby,  near  Daniels 
street. 

1093.  Jan.  6.  Gideon  Woodbcrry,  from  Beverly. 
Consumption,  58  years.  Eleven  children  remain  of  four 
marriages.  Winter  street,  King's  house  between  Bridge 
and  Pickman  streets. 

1094.  Jan.  7.  Note  of  the  death  of  Salmon  Good- 
rich, captain.  Fever  abroad,  45  years.  Said  to  have 
died  on  his  passage  from  New  Orleans  to  New  York,  as 
by  merchant's  letter.  Went  from  Salem  to  coast  from 
New  Orleans  to  southern  ports,  leaving  Salem  last  ]\Iarch. 
He  came  from  Berlin.  Connections.  Resided  six  years 
in  Salem.  Married  ]Mary  Dutch  of  Ipswich.  Four  chil- 
dren left,  all  females.     Becket  street. 

1095.  Jan.  7.  Note  of  the  death  of  AVilliam,  son  of 
Samuel  and  Mary  Masury.  Lost  at  sea,  17  years. 
Sailed  for  France  in  the  sch.  Diligence,  belonging  to 
Stone  &  Co.,  Nov.  10,  1812.  Third  son.  She  has  five 
children  left,  one  daughter.  Two  sons  at  sea.  Hardy 
street. 

1096.  Jan.  14.  John  Dawson,  mariner,  of  Guernsey 
Island.  Aged,  86  years.  At  32,  he  married  Sara  AVhite, 
widow  Whittemore,  by  whom  he  had  two  children,  a  son 
and  daughter,  and  with  whom  he  lived  fifty-three  years. 
She  was  first  married  at  18,  living  six  years  with  her  first 
husband,  and  had  by  him  one  child.  At  25,  she  married 
Dawson,  and  is  now  living,  aged  77  years.  He  had  es- 
caped seven  times  from  men-of-war  impressed.  In  1757 
was  taken  by  Indians  at  Crown  Point.  Was  five  years 
in  British  ships  after  marriage. 

1097.  Jan.  15.  Alexander,  son  of  Daniel  and  Me- 
hitable  Knight.     Cynanche  trachealis,  3  years.     He  from 

HIST.  COLL.  xrx  3 


34  bentley's  record  of  deaths. 

Haverhill,  she  a  Gardner.  This  child  and  one  in  an  ad- 
joining tenement,  of  one  Carter  of  same  age,  taken  to- 
gether and  died  together,  about  two  days. 

1098.  Jan.  29.  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Joseph  Deland. 
Asthma,  62  years.  She  was  a  Cox.  Married,  first,  at 
19,  a  Robbins  with  whom  she  lived  three  years,  and  by 
whom  she  had  one  child ;  married  second,  a  Willick 
with  whom  she  lived  seven  years,  and  had  three  children  ; 
third  husband  twenty  years,  and  by  him  one  child,  all 
dead.  He  a  son  of  Joseph  Deland,  former  wife  a  Bacon, 
by  whom  he  had  children.  He  holds  property  from  his 
father  for  his  children. 

1099.  Feb.  18.  Abiel,  widow  of  Ebenezer  Tozzer. 
Aged,  88  years.  She  mari-ied  in  1750,  at  22,  and  lived 
in  married  life  twenty  years.  Left  one  daughter  Mary, 
who  served  her,  and  one  son.  Her  mother  Whitetoot 
died  in  1790,  aet.  103  3'ears.  Orange  street  below 
Hodges. 

1100.  Mar.  2.  News  of  the  death  of  Capt.  John 
Becket.  Abroad  at  sea,  40  years.  He  went  to  the 
southward,  to  sail  from  Norfolk,  and  died  on  his  passage 
to  Cork,  Ireland.  He  married,  at  31,  Sara,  dau.  of  dea- 
con James  Browne,  living  nine  years  in  married  life. 
He,  son  of  John,  of  the  Committee,  who  died  in  1804, 
aet.  58.  They  have  three  children,  two  males.  Derby 
street,  between  Becket  and  English. 

1101.  Mar.  14.  Male  child  of  Henry  and  Hanna  E. 
Allen.  Atroph.  inf.,  2  weeks.  He  was  the  youngest 
son  of  Capt.  Edw.  Allen  and  she  a  dau.  of  Capt.  Wil- 
liam Allen.  The  father  is  now  missing.  Two  children 
left.  The  family  lives  in  the  same  house  with  the  family 
of  Capt.  J.  Becket.  Derby  street  between  Becket  and 
English. 

1102.  Mar.  24.     Thomas  Masury,  son  of  Thomas  and 


BENTLEY^S  RECORD  OF  DEATHS.  35 

Mercy.  Consumption,  etc.,  50  years.  This  name  is  almost 
extinct  among  us.  The  adults  are  gone  and  their  families 
in  first  generation.  They  held  considerable  property, 
now  none.  He  married  in  1788,  at  29,  Lydia  Swasey, 
who  died  in  1808.  Three  sons  left.  One  settled  at  Che- 
bacco,  married. 

1103.  ]May  (3.  George,  of  George  and  pjlizabeth 
Hodges.  Fever,  3  years  and  4  months.  She  a  AVelcome, 
dan.  of  Thomas.  Mother,  dau.  of  Capt.  George  Lam- 
bert.    One  child  left.      Hardy  street,  beh)W  Derby. 

1104.  May  6.  Robert  Richardson,  house-carpenter. 
Consumption,  36  years.  ^Married,  at  31,  a  daughter  of 
James  Becket,  with  whom  he  lived  five  years.  Left  three 
children.  Has  lived  in  Salem  fifteen  years.  He  from 
Westford.  Parents  living  and  brothers  and  sisters. 
Becket  street  near  Derby. 

1105.  May  6.  Margaret,  widow  of  Capt.  Richard  Val- 
py.  Fever,  72  years.  She  was  a  Batcheler  of  Wen- 
ham,  and  married  first,  at  20,  a  Henly  of  iNlarblehead, 
with  whom  she  lived  twenty  years  in  married  life ; 
second,  in  1788,  R.  Valpy,  with  whom  she  lived  eleven 
years.  He  married,  first,  Hanna  Ives  who  died  in  1756. 
He  died  in  1799,  net.  65.  She  has  a  brother  and  sisters 
at  New  Ipswich.     Hardy  street,  near  Essex. 

1106.  May  12.  Mary,  wife  of  Capt.  John  Peters. 
Consumption,  55  years.  She  was  a  dau.  of  Jonathan 
Archer.  Married  first,  in  1784,  at  22,  Elisha  Gunnison, 
with  whom  she  lived  five  years,  and  had  one  son  ;  second,  in 
1795,  Jacob  Norman,  with  whom  she  lived  two  years, 
and  no  child  survives  ;  third,  in  1800,  her  present  husband, 
living  in  married  life  sixteen  years,  and  has  one  child  left. 
Bridge  street,  Skerry's. 

1107.  May  19.  Edmond  Whittemore,  house-carpen- 
ter.    Found   dead,  66   years.     Married,   at   24,   Hauua 


36 

Pierce,  who  died  last  March,  with  whom  he  lived  forty- 
two  years.  No  children.  His  ftither,  a  house-carpenter, 
married  second  wife  Sara  Murray  in  1756;  she  died  in 
1786,  cet.  67. 

1108.  May  28.  Mary  Newton,  dau.  of  John  and 
Ruth  Newton,  49  years.  Her  father  died  before  I  came 
to  Salem.  Mother  a  Searle.  Two  sisters,  Grant  and 
Bartlet,  living. 

1109.  May  30.  Isaac  Oakman,  sailmaker  and  mari- 
ner. Infirm,  71  years.  Apparently  in  a  decline.  Long 
lame  from  an  injury  in  the  knee  by  a  fall.  He  married, 
first,  at  24,  a  Bates  of  Lynn,  with  whom  he  lived  twenty- 
two  years  and  had  two  children,  two  sons.  Many  grand- 
children remain.  Married,  second,  a  Swasey,  widow 
Sullivan.     Children  not  in  Salem. 

1110.  May  31.  Ann,  of  Jeremiah  and  Elizabeth 
O'Conner.  Atroph.  inf.,  18  days.  He  from  Ireland. 
She  a  Longeway  and  her  mother  a  dau.  of  madam  Rhue. 
They  are  Catholics.  The  grandmother  lives  in  the  En- 
glish house  next  the  gate.  Her  two  daughters  with  her, 
both  Longeway.  Three  children  left,  two  males.  Dal- 
rymple's  Building  near  old  Neck  Gate,  Essex  street. 

1111.  June  16.  William  Crispin,  rigger.  Injury 
from  a  blow,  62  years.  Married,  at  28,  a  Dawson  with 
whom  he  lived  thirty-four  years.  Left  eight  children,  one 
son  and  seven  daughters.  The  father  William,  in  1755, 
married  Margaret  Swasey.     English  street. 

1112.  June  17.  Male  child  of  Robert  and  Sara 
Brookhouse.  Soon  after  birth,  2  days.  She  a  dau.  of 
Jonathan  Archer.  Mother  a  Woodman.  This  their  first 
child.  Husband's  father  dead.  Mother  and  children  liv- 
ing. Both  parents  have  large  families.  Northey  street, 
below  Bridge. 

1113.  June  23.     John,  of  John  and  Elizabeth  Cook. 


bentley's  record  of  deaths.  37 

Convulsions,  5  years.  Child  without  appetite  for  sev- 
eral clays.  He  a  son  of  widow  II.  Keen  of  Patfield. 
Takes  the  name  of  John  Cooke,  but  this  is  indeed  his 
Christian  name  only.  Two  children  left,  son  and  daugh- 
ter. Brown  street,  between  Oliver  and  Fairfield,  Com- 
mon. 

1114.  June  24.  Hannah,  widow  of  Thomas  Schets- 
well,  31  years.  She  was  a  dau.  of  Thomas  and  Ilanna 
Howell.  Mother  a  Becket.  Father  from  Ipswich.  Mar- 
ried at  19  and  lived  five  years  in  married  life.  Two  chil- 
dren left,  a  son  and  daughter.  Turner  street,  between 
Essex  and  Derby. 

1115.  July  3.  Sara,  wdfe  of  David  ]\Iagoun,  ship- 
wright. Consumption,  38  years.  Long  infirm.  She  a 
Hitchins  from  Lynn,  married  at  24,  and  lived  thirteen 
years  in  married  life.  Left  five  children,  three  daughtcM-s. 
Her  father  living  with  her.  He  from  Pembroke. 
Becket  street. 

1116.  July  7.  William  Rantoul,  clerk  of  barque 
Camel,  Breed.  Scurvy,  at  sea,  'I'l  years.  Worthy  youth. 
Died  in  our  bay  four  days  before  getting  iu.  Body  lodged 
at  the  Hospital  Ground.  He  kept  the  name  of  his  moth- 
er's first  husband.     A  brother  and  sisters  at  Beverly. 

1117.  July  13.  Abigail  of  Abijah  and  Elizabeth 
Bartlet.  Dropsy  in  the  head,  so  said,  9  years.  A  very 
hiirh  fever.  From  Marblehead.  Has  three  sons  and  one 
daughter,  one  daughter  married.  He  a  ropemaker.  Union 
street.  Brown  House  tenant. 

1118.  July  14.  William  Obear,  mariner,  50  years. 
He  married  a  Betsy  Maseivy  late  in  life,  a  sister  of  Mr. 
John  Osgood's  wife.  He  has  two  sisters,  Lambert  and 
Hall.  Buried  from  his  brother  Lambert's.  Lived  among 
his  friends  and  relatives. 

1119.  July  17.  Mary,  widow  of  Robert  Eantoul. 
Decay,  61  years.     She  was  a  Preston,     Twice  married. 


38  bentley's  record  of  deaths. 

First,  at  19 ;  time  in  marriage,  nine  years.  Her  son 
William  died  July  7.  Robert  Rantoul,  Esq.,  is  Rep.  of 
Beverly,  with  whom  she  lived.  Mary,  widow  Peabody. 
Left  two  children,  son  and  daughter.  Widow  R's  mother 
a  Lambert.  Had  four  children.  Services  at  Beverly, 
but  body  transported  to  Salem  for  interment.  Has  a 
house  in  Essex  street.  Pleasant  street,  and  a  pew  in  East 
Meeting-house. 

1120.  Aug.  9.  Hanna,  wife  of  Bundeh  Sabteh,  a 
Malay,  38  years.  She  was  a  Whitefoot,  thrice  married, 
and  left  six  children.  Had  two  before  she  married  the 
Malay.  Of  great  muscular  strength  and  corpulent. 
See  b.  B. 

1121.  Sept.  10.  Hanna  E.,  wife  of  Capt.  Henry  Al- 
len. Palpitation  of  the  heart,  25  years.  She  was  a  dau. 
of  Capt.  William  Allen  of  Salem,  from  Manchester, 
and  married  at  19;  time  in  marriage,  six  years.  Left 
two  children,  son  and  daughter.  Born  at  Manchester. 
He  a  son  of  Capt.  Edward  Allen,  deceased.  Was  at  New 
York  preparing  for  a  voyage.     Had  been  cast  away. 

1122.  Sept.  News  of  the  death  of  Capt.  Abner 
Briggs  at  New  Orleans.  Fever,  31  years.  He  was  a  son 
of  Johnson  Briggs  from  Old  Colony  who  settled  in  Salem 
before  the  Revolution.  Married,  at  30,  a  dau.  of  Rev. 
John  Giles  of  Newburyport,  who  came  from  England  a 
Presbyterian.  Time  in  marriage,  one  year.  Left  one 
child,  a  son.  Capt.  Briggs  had  the  kind  care  of  Capt.  R. 
Ward  of  Salem.  Of  schooner  Cyrus  from  Salem.  Three 
sons  and  three  daughters  of  Johnson  Briggs  still  live. 
Rev.  Giles  has  two  daughters  and  a  son. 

1123.  Oct.  27.  Debora,  wife  of  Evsed  Stoddart. 
Consumption,  51  years.  She  a  Marsh,  born  in  Hingham 
July  12,  1765.  Married,  at  Hingham,  July  14,  1782; 
lime  in  marriage  thirty-four  years.  Removed  to  Salem. 
She  of  the  Baptist  sect.     A  long  time   sick.     Had   ten 


bentley's  kecokd  of  deaths.  39 

children  ;  six  living,  four  sons  and  two  diuighters.  Their 
son  Ehen  born  J:in.  11,  1787;  drowned  Dec.  7,  1807. 
Three  children  died  young.  Hardy  street,  between  Der- 
by and  Essex. 

.  1124.  Nov.  14.  Eliza])eth,  wife  of  Alexander  Bu- 
chanan. Dropsy,  37  years.  She  a  dan.  of  Nicholas  Lane. 
Married  first,  in  1800,  at  21,  Josiah  Gatchel,  by  whom  she 
had  two  sons  ;  time  in  marriage  four  years.  Second,  in 
1805,  A.  Buchanan,  an  Englishman,  su|)[)()sed  to  Ik*  living  ; 
last  seen  on  board  of  an  English  man-of-war.  Time  in 
second  marriage,  eleven  years.  One  child  by  Buciianan. 
The  three  children  at  Ipswich,  AVenham  and  Dan  vers. 
Nine  children  b^^  N.  Lane  still  live  by  three  wives.  Bur- 
ied from  W.  Lane's,  Turner,  cor.  of  Derby  street. 

1125.  Dec.  5.  John  Forbes,  a  seaman.  Fever,  32 
years.  He  married,  at  19,  llepsibah  House  from  Nan- 
tucket, and  had  three  children,  two  sons.  Time  in  mar- 
riage, thirteen  years.  John  worked  with  a  tallow-chand- 
ler and  was  a  brother  of  Charles,  now  also  a  worthy  man. 
The  mother  a  Dawson  and  thrice  married.  First,  a 
Forbes,  and  by  him  had  three  children  ;  second,  a  Pres- 
ton, by  whom  one  child  ;  third,  a  Whittemore,  and  by 
him  one  child.  Essex,  between  Becket  and  Carlton 
streets. 

112(j.  Dec.  12.  Thomas  Rowell.  Instantly,  6G 
years.  Born  in  Newburyi)ort.  Married,  at  27,  Eliza- 
beth, dau.  of  William  liecket,  by  whom  he  had  six  chil- 
dren, four  sons  and  two  daughters.  Time  in  marringo 
thirty-nine  years.  He  has  no  parents,  brothers,  nor  sis- 
ters surviving.  A  very  extraordinary  family  indeed.  He 
was  a  boat-builder.  Returned  from  work,  supped,  hummed 
a  tune,  smoakcd  and  died.  Turner  street,  between  Derby 
and  Essex. 

[7b  be  c(fnlinued.'] 


THE  NEWHALL  FAMILY. 

[Continued  from  page  292,  Part  4,  Vol.  XVIII.] 

247  Nehemiah  {Menezei^,  Josej^lF,  Thos,^,  Thos}) 
born  in  Lynn  26  Aug.,  1728,  married  Tabitha  Brown  of 
Reading  (certificate  of  publication  delivered  10  Aug., 
1755).  He  entered  into  full  communion  with  the 
church  at  Lynnfield  5  Sept.,  1756.  He  died  5  Jan'y, 
1776,  says  the  Church  Record,  "of  asthma  after  a  sore 
trial  of  twelve  years  of  the  same,  in  w<^^  he  went  thro' 
many  thousand  deaths  before  he  did  die,  in  the  48'** 
year  of  his  age."  Administration  on  his  estate  was 
granted  10  July,  1776,  to  his  widow  Tabitha  Newhall, 
who  presented  an  inventory  dated  3  April,  1776.  Slie 
rendered  an  account  5  Oct.,  1778,  in  which  she  makes  a 
charge  for  the  support  of  a  large  family  of  children*  She 
was  married  15  Feb'y,  1780,  to  Nathaniel  Brown  Dodge 
of  Winchester,  Cheshire  Co.,  N.  H.,  to  whom  was 
granted  9  Jan'y,  1782,  during  coverture  of  his  wife  Tab- 
itha, administration  on  the  estate  of  her  former  husband. 
The  widow's  dower  land  was  set  off  4  March,  1788,  it 
being  described  as  on  the  Salem  and  Reading  road,  and 
partly  in  Lynnfield  and  partly  in  Danvers,  and  near  the 
land  of  Amos  Newhall.  Her  son  Joseph  Newhall  was 
appointed  guardian  of  his  brothers  Reuben  (above  19) 
James  (above  17),  and  Thomas  (above  14),  8  April, 
1788.  John  Smith  of  Danvers  and  wife  Susanna,  Jedi- 
diah  Shirtleff,  late  of  Hardwick,  Hampshire  Co.,  tailor, 
and  wife  Lucy,  and  Eunice  Newhall,  late  of  Danvers, 
single  woman,  convey,  16  Oct.,  1788,  to  Asa  Newhall  of 
Lynn,  their  interests  in  the  estate  of  their  brothers  Ne- 
hemiah and  Benjamin  Newhall,  deceased,  children  of 
Nehemiah  Newhall,  deceased.  John  Smith  and  wife 
Susanna,  of  Danvers,  Eunice  Newhall,  of  Hardwick,  Jo- 

(40) 


260   MARY.  41 

seph,  Reuben  and  Thomas  Newhall,  all  three  of  Reading, 
convey  to  James  Newhall  of  Lynn  26  Sept.,  1794,  their 
interests  in  the  dower  land.  Later,  from  1804  to  1806, 
are  found  deeds  by  James  Newhall  of  Reading  (wife  Con- 
tent), Reuben  Newhall,  of  Reading  (wife  Polly),  and 
Jedidiah  Shirtleff  and  his  wife  Lucy,  of  Hardwick,  of 
their  claim  in  the  estate  of  their  brother  Thomas  Newhall, 
deceased,  after  death  of  their  mother. 

611  Nehemiah,  b.  17  July,  1756;  died  without  issue. 

612  Susanna,  b.   9  July,   1758;  ra.    John  Smith  of  Danvers  28 

June,  1781. 

613  Lucia,  b.  15  July,  1700;  m.  Jedidiah  Shirtleff  of  Hardwick 

7  July,  1785. 

614  Eunice,  b.  10  Aug.,  1762. 

615  Benjamin,  b. ;  died  without  issue. 

616  Joseph,  bapt.  12  Oct.,  1766;  lived  in  Reading  and  Danvers; 

administration  granted  2  Jan'y,  1798. 

617  Reuben,  bapt.  8  Jan'y,  17G9;  m.  I'olly ;  lived  in  So. 

Reading. 

618  James,  bapt.   14  July,  1771;  m.   Content  Mansfield  9  Oct., 

1792. 

619  Thomas,  bapt.    19  Sept.,   1773;  a  seaman;  administration 

granted  in  Middlesex  County  to  Elijah  Elint  of  Danvers 
4  Nov.,  1802. 

248  Mehitable  {Ehenezet^,  Joseph^\  Thos.\  Thos.^) 
born  in  Lymi  2  March,  1731,  was  married  21  June,  1750,^^ 
to  William,  son  of  Thomas  and  Mary  (Boardman)  Chee- 
ver,  born  21  May,  1708.  The  births  of  the  following 
children  are  entered  on  the  town  records  of  Lynn. 

620  Lois,  b.  25  Aug.,  1751. 

621  William,  b.  17  May,  1753. 

260  Mary  (Benjamin^\  Joseph'^,  Thomas*,  TJiomas^) 
born  in  Lynn  11  Nov.,  1724,  was  married  12  Dec,  1751, 


IT  Compare  page  236,  where  a  mistake  of  one  year  has  anlntentioQally  crept  in. 
3* 


42  THE   NEWHALL   FAMILY; 

to  Theophilus^^,  son  of  Joseph  and  Susanna^  (Newhall) 
Breed,  born  in  Lynn  2  Aug.,  1719.  Mr.  Breed  lived  to  the 
great  age  of  ninety-two  years,  dying  17  Nov.,  1811.  By 
his  first  wife,  Martha^^o?  Newhall  married  10  Dec,  1745, 
he  had  two  children,  and  by  the  second  wife^,  Mary^^ 
Newhall,  two,  according  to  the  town  record,  viz. : — 

622  Lydia,  b.  17  Aug.,  1746. 

623  Martha,  b.  17  Jan'y,  1748-9. 

624  Joel,  b.  28  Jan'y,  1755 ;  d.  12  Jan'y,  1825. 

625  Joseph,  b.  30  April,  1763;  d.  4  Aug.,  1816;  leaving  by  will 

all  his  estate  to  his  brother  Joel  Breed. 

261  Benjarain  {Benjamin^^^  Joseph^,  Thos.^,  Thos}) 
born  in  Lynn  6  Sept.,  1726,  married  first,  Martha,  daughter 
of  Ebenezer  and  Mary  (Mansfield)  Burrill,  4  Aug.,  1752. 
She  was  born  in  Lynn  19  Dec,  1730,  and  died  27  Dec, 
1759.  Mr.  Newhall  married,  second,  Elizabeth  Mans- 
field 13  July,  1765.  He  died  May,  1777,  and  admin- 
istration was  granted  7  Oct.,  1777,  to  his  brother  James 
Newhall,  who  the  same  day  was  appointed  administrator 
de  bonis  non  on  the  estate  of  their  father,  Benjamin  New- 
hall, esq.  Ephraim  Breed  was  appointed  guardian  of 
the  two  minor  children,  Martha  and  Elizabeth  Newhall, 
2  Dec,  1777.  He  brought  in  account  of  guardianship 
4  April,  1787.  Among  the  items  appears  the  following, 
viz. :  "By  Income  of  Land  at  Nahant  and  by  Col.  Mans- 
field's, which  fell  to  them  out  of  the  Estate  of  their  grand- 
father and  grandmother  Mansfield  and  their  Aunt  Mans- 
field." The  real  estate  of  Benjamin  Newhall  of  Lynn, 
cordwainer,  was  settled  15  July,  1790,  being  divided 
into  four  parts  and  assigned  according  to  a  mutual  agree- 
ment of  the  heirs  and  their  respective  husbands,  on  file 
at  the  Court  House  in  Salem. 

626  Bridget,  b.  15  Feb'y,  1753;   ra.  Theophilus  Hallowell  13 

Nov.,  1777. 


263  JAMES.  43 

627  Lucretia,  b.  11  July,  1755;  m.  Henry  Ilallowell  30  March, 

1780. 

628  Mary,  b.  7  June,  1757;  d.  2  Oct.,  1759. 

629  Benjamin,  b.  —  Feb'y,  1759;  d.  7  Nov.,  1759. 

630  Martha,  b.  24  Nov.,   1766;  m.   1st  James^"  Newhall,  2nd 

Henry  Hallowell. 

631  Elizabeth,  b.  19  Dec,  1770;  m.  Jabez  Hitchings  11  Oct., 

1789. 

262  Ruth  {Benjami7i^^ ,  JosepJt^,  Thomas'^,  Thomas^) 
bom  13  Jiin'y,  1728-9,  was  mjirried  1  Oct.,  1754,  to 
Amos  Breed,  boru  14  Aug.,  1728,  son  of  Jabez  ami 
Desire  (Bassett)  Breed,  of  Lynn. 

Mr.  Breed  was  a  mariner  and  died  before  April  6, 
1779,  when  James  Newhall  was  appointed  guardian  of 
Aaron,  then  out  of  the  state,  Benjamin  Newhall,  The- 
ophilus,  James  and  Mary  Breed,  minor  children  of  the 
above. 

632  Amos,  b.  31  Aug.,  1755. 

633  Elizabeth,  b.  7  June,  1758;  m.  Zachariah  Atwell. 

634  Aaron,  b.  7  March,  17G1. 

635  Benjamin  Newhall,  b.  11  Aug.,  1763;  m.  Anne   Tarrott  14 

Oct.,  1787. 

636  Theophilus,  b.  11  Aug.,  1705. 

637  James,  b.  15  July,  17G8. 

638  Mary,  b.  16  Jan'y,  1771;  m.  Ezra  Allen  19  March,  1789. 

263  James  {Benjamin^^ ,  Joseph^,  Thomas'^,  Thos}) 
born  in  Lynn  11  July,  1731,  married  17  Sept.,  1756, 
Lois,  daughter  of  Ebenezer  and  Mary  (Mansfield)  Bur- 
rill,  born  in  Lynn  9  May,  1737. 

Mr.  Newhall  was  one  of  the  first  appointed  justices  of 
the  peace  in  the  state,  his  commission  being  signed  20 
Sept.,  1781,  by  Gov.  John  Hancock.  He  died  in  Lynn 
16  May,  1801.  The  following  obituary  notice  appeared 
in  a  Lynn  newspaper  of  the  time :  "  Benevolence  of 
heart  and  integrity  of  conduct   distinguished   the  many 


44  THE   NEWHALL  FAMILY; 

years  of  this  useful  citizen.  In  public  and  private  duties 
he  was  just  without  compulsion,  charitable  without  osten- 
tation and  devout  without  hypocrisy.  Such  a  man  could 
not  fail  of  being  beloved  while  living  and  regretted  dead." 
Administration  on  his  estate  was  granted  to  the  widow 
5  Oct.,  1801,  her  sureties  being  James  Newhall  and  Ben- 
jamin Newhall,  3rd.  The  widow,  Lois  Newhall,  died  17 
July,  1815,  and  the  next  year  (26  April,  1816)  the  real 
estate  of  James  Newhall,  Esq.,  was  divided  into  eight 
parts,  viz.  :  to  Elizabeth  Emmerton,  Lois  Newhall,  Joel 
Newhall,  James  Newhall  and  Benjamin  Newhall,  children 
then  surviving,  and  to  the  representatives  of  three  daugh- 
ters deceased,  viz.,  Lydia  Kobinson,  Martha  Green  and 
Mary  Newhall. 

639  Lois,  b.  4  July,  1757;  m.   Ctiarles^^*  Newhall  15   March, 

1781. 

640  Lydia,  b.  21  Aug.,  1759;  in.  James  Robinson  6  May,  1779. 

641  Elizabeth,  b.  23  June,  1761;  m.  1st  John  Ives  19  May,  1781, 

2nd  Jeremiah  Emmerton  11  Aug.,  1785. 

642  James,  b.  2  June,  1763;  died  young. 

643  Martha,  b.  25  Feb'y,   1765 ;  m.  Nehemiah  Green  3  Jan'y, 

1794. 

644  Benjamin,  b.  27  Feb'y,  1767;  died  young. 

645  Joel,  b.  14  May,  1769 ;  d.  27  Jan'y,  1847 ;  unmarried. 

646  Mary,   b.   7   Sept.,   1771;    m.  Isaiah^^^  Newhall   18  Nov., 

1792. 

647  James,         ^  r  m.  Sarah(Jedidiah*'")New- 

>b.  19  Jan'y,  1774;  ^  hall  21  July,  1797. 

648  Benjamin,    )  (  m.  1st  Sarah  Hart  16  Aug., 

1801 ;  m.  2nd  Esther  Thompson  —  Dec,  1822. 

264  Isaiah  {Benjamin^^,  JosepJP,  Thomas'^,  Thos}) 
born  in  Lynn  24  March,  1733-4,  married  4  Feb'y,  1759, 
Mary,  widow  of  Dr.  Jonathan  Fuller.  She  is  said  to 
have  died  2  Nov.,  1812,  aged  79  years.  Administration 
on  his  estate  was  granted  to  John  Flagg,  esq.,  7  Jan'y, 
1777 ;  and  he  presented  an  inventory  made  17  Dec, 
1776.     The  widow's  dower  was  set  off  10  July,  1777. 


267  AARON.  45 

Mr.  NewhalPs  homestead,  according  to  the  description 
in  sundry  deeds  of  his  heirs,  was  bounded  south  on  the 
Common,  east  on  the  road  to  Mansfield's  Brook,  west  on 
land  of  Jacob  Chase. 

Their  children  were  : 

649  Mary,  b.  27  Jan'y,  1760;  died  28  Jan'y,  1805. 

650  Benjamin,  b.  20  March,  1762;     m.   1st  Ilepzibah  Ilallowell 

29  Oct.,  1783,  and  2nd  Ilepzibah  Johnson  12  July,  1787. 

651  Elizabeth,  b.  4  May,  1764;  m.  Enoch  Johnson  9  June,  1790. 

652  Isaiah,  b.  1  May,  1767;   m.  1st  Mary^^"  Newhall  18  Nov., 

1792. 

653  Alice,  b. 1771,  m.  John  Downing  21  June,  1787. 

654  Susanna,   b.  23  July,   1774;  m.  Samuel  Graves  24  Feb'y, 

1795. 

267  Aaron  {Benjamin^^,  Josejplt^,  Thomas^  Thos}) 
born  in  Lynn  26  March,  1740,  married  Mrs.  Mary  Per- 
kins 1  Dec,  1768.  He  lived  north  of  the  Common  in 
Lynn,  on  land  that  had  been  a  portion  of  the  estate  of 
his  father  Benjamin.  April  27,  1780,  James  Newhall, 
Theophilus  Breed  and  wife  Mary,  Thomas  Stocker  and 
wife  Susanna,  Henry  Burchsted  and  wife  Elizabeth,  The- 
ophilus Burrill,  jr.,  and  wife  Martha,  Theophilus  Hal- 
lowell  and  wife  Bridget,  Henry  Hallowell  and  wife  Lu- 
cretia,  Zaeheriah  At  well  and  wife  Elizabeth,  and  Aaron 
Breed,   all   of  Lynn,   and  Eleazer  Richardson    and  wife 

Catherine,  of  Woburn,   and Atkinson    and  wife 

Hannah  of  Salem,  conveyed  to  Aaron  Newhall,  gentle- 
man, of  L3^nn,  a  certain  portion  of  the  real  estate  "where- 
of Benjamin  Newhall,  esq.,  died  seized." 

Mr.  Newhall  died  28  June,  1811,  and  administration 
on  his  estate  was  granted  19  Jan'y*  1813,  to  his  son, 
Aaron  Newhall.  One-third  of  the  real  estate  was  set  off 
9  Nov.,  1814,  to  the  widow,  Mrs.  Mary  Newhall,  who 
died  in  Lynn  2  Dec,  1821. 


46  THE   NEWHALL   FAMILY; 

Their  only  child  was 

655  Aaron,  b.  9  Nov.,   1777;  m  Ist  Polly  Hawkes;  2nd  Sally 

Alley. 

268  Susanna  {Benjamin^^ ,  JosejpW,  Thos^,  Thos,^) 
born  in  Lynn  22  Dec,  1741,  was  married  14  April,  1763, 
to  Thomas  Stocker,  and  died  12  March,  1822. 

Administration  was  granted  to  her  on  her  husband's 
estate  26  June,  1798.  The  real  estate  was  divided  9 
Nov.,  1803,  between  the  widow  and  six  children,  or 
their  representatives,  viz. :  Elizabeth  Stocker,  Charlotte 
Stocker,  the  representatives  of  Lucy  Chadwell,  deceased, 
Mary  Nichols,  Susanna  Yial,  and  Sally  Chadwell. 

656  Elizabeth,  b.  4  Dec,  1764. 

657  Susanna,  b.  6  Dec,  1766;  m. Vial. 

658  Sarah,  b.  12  Aug.,  1769;  m. Chadwell. 

659  Mary,  b.  11  Eeb'y,  1773;  ra. Nichols. 

660  Thomas,  b.  15  Feb'y,  1779;  d.  young. 

661  Lucy,  b.  15  Nov.,  1780;  m. Chadwell. 

662  Charlotte,  b.  16  Dec,  1784. 

270  Martha  (BenjaminP^  Joseph^,  Thos,\  Thos}) 
born  in  Lynn  23  Feb'y,  1742-3,  was  married  3  May, 
1762,  to  Theophilus,  son  of  Theophilus  and  Mary  (Hills) 
Burrill. 

They  had  the  following  children : 

663  Susanna,  b.  27  Aug.,  1762. 

664  Micajah,  b.  11  Dec,  1764. 

665  Benjamin,  b.  24  Dec,  1766. 

666  Theophilus,  b.  21  May,  1769. 

667  Frederick,  b.  13  Sept.,  1772. 

668  Benjamin,  b.  14  Nov.,  1774. 

669  Ruth,  b.  13  Dec,  1775. 

271  Catharine  (Benjamm^\  Joseph^,  Thos.\  Thos,^) 
born    27   April,    1744,   was  married  8    Sept.,    1768,  to 


277    PHARAOH.  47 

Eleazer,  son  of  Eleazer  and  Susanna  (Carter)  Richard- 
son, born  in  Woburn  (see  Richardson  Memorial,  p.  272) 
29  June,  1746.  She  died,  in  childbed,  10  Jan'y,  1785. 
Mr.  Richardson  married  two  other  wives,  viz.  :  ^lary 
Walker  and  Lydia  Upham  Grover.  He  died  in  AVoburn 
1  Feb'y,  1808.  By  his  first  wife  he  had  the  following 
children  : 

670  Stephen  Newhall,  b.  28  July,  1709;  d.  1  Oct.,  1790. 

671  Eleazer  Carter,  b.  13   Oct.,  1770;  m.  Hannah  Mansfield  5 

July, 1795. 

672  John,  b.  18  March,  1772;  d.  16  Oct.,  1773. 

673  John,  b.  22  Dec,  1773;  d.  3  Aug.,  1775. 

674  Susanna,  b.  8  Aug.,  1775. 

675  Catharine,  b.  1  June,  1777;  m. Jarson. 

676  Benjamin,  b.  10  Jan'y,  1779. 

677  Elizabeth,  b.  20  Dec,  1780;  m.  Lemuel  Toor  28  Dec,  1797. 

678  Rebecca,  b.  29  June,   1783;  m.  Jesse  Upham  4  Nov.,  1802. 

679  Ruth,  b.  9  Jan'y,  1785;  m.  Asa  Upham  21  Feb'y,  1808. 

277  Pharaoh  (SamueF,  Josej)!^^^,  Thomas'^,  Thos.^) 
born  in  Lynn  15  Feb'y,  1733-4,  married  24  April,  1764, 
Theodate  Breed,  born  Dec.,  1733.  He  was  by  occu- 
pation a  blacksmith,  and  in  the  matter  of  religion,  like 
his  brother  Daniel,  a  quaker,  or  friend  so  called.  Ilis 
name  is  thought  to  have  been  a  corruption  of  Farrar, 
which  was  the  surname  of  his  paternal  grandmother. 

His  wife  died  in  Lynn  9  Sept.,  1810.  He  himself 
survived  until  the  15  Sept.,  1821.  His  will,  wherein  he 
is  styled  Pharaoh  Newhall  of  Lynn,  yeoman,  executed  30 
Dec,  1816,  and  proved  2  Oct.,  1821,  mentions  his 
grandsons  Abner  Austin  and  Thomas  F.  Newhall,  daugh- 
ter Theodate  Austin  (to  whom  he  devises  a  lot  bound  ng 
on  Estes  Newhall  and  near  son  Austin's  shop),  son  Win- 
throp  Newhall  (to  whom  a  lot  called  Leighton  Field), 
son  Silvanus  (to  whom  a  lot  laid  out  to  Joseph  New- 
hall) ,  and  son  Samuel. 


48  THE    NEWHALL    FAMILY; 

680  Samuel,  b.  9  March,  1765 ;  m.  Sarah  Phillips. 

681  Abner,  b.  24  Sept.,  1767;  d.  8  Aug.,  1769. 

682  Winthrop,   b.   6  June,   1769;  m.   Elizabeth  Farrington  12 

Jan'y,  1796. 

683  Abuer,  b.    19  July,  1771;  d.      Aug.,  1802,  at  Portsmouth, 

N.  H. 

684  Silvanus,  b.  18  July,  1773;  ra.  Lydia  Gove. 

685  Theodate,  b.  6  Feb'y,  1776 ;  m.  Manuel  Austin, 

686  Francis,  b.  23  Sept.,  1778;  d.  29  Nov.,  1787. 

278  Abijah  (SamueF,  Joseph^,  Thomas'^,  Thomas^) 
born  in  Lynn   15   Feb'y,   1736-7,  married  first  Abigail 

(Bassett?),   and   secondly  Alice  .     According  to 

the  Records  of  the  Society  of  Friends,  his  first  wife  was 
born  13-7 mo.  (July),  1737,  and  died  9  July,  1792.  His 
second  wife  died  7  Jan'y,  1820.  The  will  of  Abijah 
Newhall  of  Lynn,  cordwainer,  made  18  March,  1809,  and 
proved  15  Feb'y,  1820,  mentions  wife  Alice,  and  children 
Daniel,  Abijah,  Lydia,  Content,  Keziah  and  Alice.  He 
appoints  as  executors  his  son-in-law  Pelatiah  Purinton 
and  Estes  Newhall,  the  latter  of  whom  refused  the  trust. 
Mr.  Newhall's  homestead  seems  to  have  been  at  Wood 
End,  and  in  1771  he  bought  of  the  heirs  of  Zaccheus 
Collins  a  lot  of  five  acres,  a  portion  of  which,  with  a 
house  on  it,  was  sold  13  Oct.,  1820,  by  his  heirs,  viz.  : 
Nathan  Chase,  yeoman,  and  wife  Alice,  of  Weare,  Hills- 
borough Co.,  N.  H.,  Daniel  Newhall,  yeoman,  of  Henni- 
ker,  in  the  same  county  and  state,  and  Pelatiah  Purinton, 
Enoch  Mower  and  Abel  Houghton,  cordwainers,  and  their 
respective  wives,  Kezia,  Lydia  and  Content,  all  of  Lynn, 
to  Mr.  John  B.  Burrill.  The  remaining  co-heir,  Abijah 
Newhall,  of  Vassal  borough,  Kennebec  Co.,  Maine,  does 
not  appear  on  the  deed,  but  in  1824  unites  with  the  oth- 
ers in  conveyance  of  other  lands. 

687  Daniel,  b.  3  Aug.,  1761;  m.  Mary  Shillaber  and  removed  to 

Henniker,  N.  H. 


280    DANIEL.  49 

688  Lydia,  b.  10  Feb'y,  1763;  d.  3  Dec,  1840;  m.  Enoch,  sou  of 

John  and  Hannah  Mower. 

689  Kezia,   b.   8    Aug.,    1765;  m.  Pelatiah,    son    of  ]\Ioses  and 

Peace  Purinton  of  Berwick,  Me. 

690  Content,  b.  2  Sept.,  1767;  m.  Abel  Ilouj^hton. 

691  Rebecca,  b.  7  Aug.,  1769;  probably  died  without  issue. 

692  Alice,  b.  15  Feb'y,  1772;  m.  1st  Thos.  Butman,  2nd  Nathan 

G.  Chase. 

693  Abigail,  b.  20  Feb'y,  1776;  probably  died  without  issue. 

694  Abijah,  b.  1  Jan'y,  1778;  ni.   Lucy  Hobby,  and  removed  to 

Vassalbo rough,  Me. 

695  Stephen,  b.  21  April,  1780;  d.  16  Aug.,  1781. 

280  Daniel  (Sa7nuel'',  JoseplP,  Thomas',  Thomas^) 
born  4  Fel)'y,  1740-1,  married  (say  the  Quaker  Records, 
without  giving  the  date)  Hannah,  daughter  of  William 
and  Ruth  Estes.  She  died  27  Nov.,  1781,  and  he  took  a 
second  wife,  Klizabeth  Dodge  of  Boston,  20  ^lay,  1789. 
He  died  15  Nov.,  1793.  llis  will  of  1-3  mo.  (March) 
1785,  was  proved  3  Dec,  1793.  In  it  he  calls  himself 
Daniel  Newhall  of  Lynn,  cordwaincr,  mentions  two  sons, 
Estes  and  Daniel,  and  daughter  Lydia,  and  the  legac\^  given 
to  his  deceased  wife  by  her  father  William  Estes,  and 
appoints  his  brother  Pharaoh  Newhall  and  friend  Henry 
Oliver,  guardians  of  all  his  children.  The  will  of  Eliza- 
beth Newhall  of  Lynn,  widow,  who  died  in  Feb'y,  1822, 
was  executed  11  June,  1816,  and  proved  2  April,  1822. 
In  it  slie  mentions  her  sister  Priscilla  Bowers  ("if  living 
at  my  decease"),  sister  Hannah  Adkins,  sister  Deborah 
Robinson,  brother  Elijah  Dodge,  sons-in-law  Estes  and 
Daniel  Newhall,  and  djui.- in-law  Lydia  Pope. 

696  Estes,  b.  9  Sept.,  1770;  m.  1st  Hepzibah  Wing,  2nd  Miriam 

Philbrick. 

697  Deborah,  b.  5  Dec,  1772;  d.  17  Aug.,  1783. 

698  Lydia,  b.  16  March,  1775 ;  m.  James  Pope  of  Salem  19  March, 

1794. 

699  Daniel,  b.  21  Nov.,  1778;  m.  Mary  Bailey  of  Hanover. 

HIST.   COLL.  XIX  4 


50  THE    NEWHALL    FAMILY  ; 

283  Phebe  {Nathaniel}''^,  Naihanie^\  Thos\  Thos}) 
born  in  Lynn  1724,  was  married  to  John  Lyndsey  of 
Lynn,  4  Jan'y,  1749-50.  Mr.  Lyndsey  had  previously 
married  Lydia  Johnson  24  Oct.,  1745,  who  died  8 
March,  1748-9,  and  by  whom  he  had  one  child,  Easter, 
born  27  July,  1746. 

In  Book  239,  Leaf  192  of  Essex  Co.  Deeds,  may  be 
found  record  of  conveyance  made  30  Aug.,  1825,  by 
John  Lyndsey  of  Lynn  to  his  daughter  Phebe  Lyndsey 
of  Salem,  single  woman,  of  one  undivided  half  of  a  farm 
of  thirty  acres,  partly  in  Lynn  and  partly  in  Lynnfield, 
the  said  Phebe  being  already  owner  of  the  other  half  by 
the  will  of  her  aunt  Phebe  Bott,  late  wife  of  James 
Bott,  the  same  which  was  formerly  owned  by  Nathaniel 
Newhall  and  from  him  descended  to  his  daughter  and 
only  child  Phebe  Lyndsey,  and  from  her  to  the  above 
named  Phebe  Bott  and  John  Lyndsey,  etc.,  lying  on  both 
sides  of  the  road  from  Lynn  to  Lynnfield,  bounded  east, 
west  and  north  on  land  of  Asa  T.  Newhall,  and  southwest 
on  land  of  Andrew  Mansfield.  This  must  have  been 
Nathaniel  Newhall's  half  of  the  tract  of  land  which  Thos. 
Newhall  bought  in  1679  of  Ezekiel  Needham. 

700  Lydia,  b.  20  Nov.,  1751 ;  probably  died  without  issue. 

701  Phebe,   b.    19  July,    1753;  m.  1st    Jonatlian^^a  Newhall  24 

March,  1795;  2nd  James  Bott  28  Oct.,  1803. 

702  Sarah,  b.  27  April,  1755;  d.  28  Oct.,  1817. 

703  Martha,  b.  5  June,  1757 ;  probably  died  without  issue. 

704  John,  b.  22  May,  1760;  m.  Mary . 


287  Solomon  {SamueV-^,  SamueF,  Thos.\  Thos}) 
the  date  or  place  of  birth  of  whom  has  not  yet  been  as- 
certained, married  26  Aug.,  1751,  Lois  Howard  of  Lynn. 

His  father  conveyed  to  him  28  Oct.,  1756,  the  ances- 
tral homestead,  which  he,  then  called  Solomon  Newhall, 


299  EZRA.  51 

jr.,  sold  4  March,  1762,  to  Moses  Hart.  His  wife  Lois 
released  her  right  of  dower,  and  his  mother,  Katheriiie 
Newhall,  also  joined  in  the  deed,  she  not  having  released 
her  dower  in  the  conveyance  made  by  her  husband.  lie 
sold  to  Ephraim  Breed  28  June,  1762,  three  acres  of  salt 
marsh  ;  and  this  is  the  last  time  that  his  name  appears  on 
the  records  of  deeds. 

The  birth  of  his  son  Samuel  was  found  in  the  Lynn 
Town  Records  of  Births,  Deaths  and  jNIarriages.  The 
names  of  the  others  have  been  learned  from  the  descend- 
ants of  his  son  Jonathan. 

705  Samuel,  b.  8  Oct.,  1754;  m.  Mary  Grant  in  Marblehead  5 

April,  1778. 

706  Polly,  died  in  infancy  of  whooping  cough. 

707  Jonathan,  b.  4  July,   17G0;  m.  Hannah  Peabody   16  Aug., 

1789. 

708  Stephen,  said  to  have  died  of  consumption. 

709  William,     "     "      •'         "     " 

298  Richard  {Solom.on^''\  SamneP,  Thos.\  T/ios.') 
born  in  Lynn  14  Oct.,  1727,  married  Lydia  Williams  14 
Nov.,  1751. 

Administration  on  his  estate  was  granted  1  June,  1761, 
to  his  father  Solomon  Newhall,  who  at  the  same  time  as- 
sumed the  guardianship  of  his  young  namesake  and 
grandson,  a  minor  under  fourteen  years  of  age. 

710  Solomon,  of  whom  nothing  more  is  known. 

299  Ezra  {Solomon}''^,  SamueF,  Thomas\  Thos?) 
born  in  Lynn  5  Jan'y,  1729-30,  married  Elizabeth  Pecks 
12  Dec,  1751.  He  served  his  country  in  the  Kevolu- 
tionary  War,  and  is  thought  to  have  died  in  the  service. 
The  birth  of  his  daughter  Mary  only  was  found  on  the 
town  records.  The  others  are  supposed  to  have  been 
his  children. 


52  THE  NEWHALL  FAMILY; 

711  Mary,  b.  18  Oct.,  1752. 

712  Hannah,  ;  m.  1st  William  Johnson,  jr.,  of 

Lynn  27  June,   1780,   and  2nd  Mr.  Richards  of  Swamp- 
scott,  Mass. 

713  Timothy,  b.  26  March,  1765;  m.  Eunice  Curtain  25  Feb'y, 

1793. 

714  Elizabeth,  b. 1767 ;  m.  Francis  Sisson  of  Mar- 

blehead. 

715  Richard,  b.  ;  m.  Mary  Pappoon  26  Aug.,  1797. 

305a  Ruth  (Solomon}"^,  Samuel'^,  Thomas\  Thos}) 
born  to  Solomon  and  Mary  Newhall  2-3  mo.  1751,  ac- 
cording to  the  Quaker  records,  but  whose  name  was  not 
found  on  the  town  records  in  the  list  of  Solomon  New- 
hall's  children,  was  married  23  April,  1771,  to  Henry, 
son  of  Henry  and  Abigail  Oliver  of  Marblehead,  born 
29-7  mo.  1748.  Mr.  Oliver  died  in  Lynn  16  Dec,  1818. 
His  widow  died  29  Sept.,  1824.  Beside  the  following 
children  whose  names  appear  on  the  town  record,  they 
had,  according  to  the  Quaker  record,  two  sons  born  be- 
tween 1774  and  1779,  of  whom  the  first  lived  one-half 
hour  and  the  second  was  still  born. 

716  Henry,  b.  22  Oct.,  1771. 

717  William,   b.   4  April,    1774;  d.    12  May,    1830;    m.    Peace 

Collins. 

718  David,  b.  5  April,  1779 ;  drowned  in  June,  1785. 

719  Benjamin,   b.    16   May,    1782;  d.    29   May,  1856;  m.  Lydia 

Batchelder  5  April,  1814. 

720  Stephen,  b.  29  March,    1785;    m.    Sarah,   daughter  of  Mi- 

cajah^55  Newhall  15  Oct.,  1807. 

721  David,  b.  4  Oct.,  1787;  m.  1st  Hulda  Rhodes,  and  2nd  Mrs. 

Needham. 

722  Ruthy,  b.  3  June,  1790;  d.  3  Aug.,  1866;  m.  Israel  Buffum 

19  Oct.,  1808. 

723  Hannah,  b.  26  Dec,  1792;  d.  in  Oct.,  1793. 

724  James,  b.  20  May,  1794;  m.  1st  Eliza  Brown,  and  2nd  Olive 

Cobb. 

315  Hanson  (Joseph}^\  SamueV^,   Thomas'^,   Thos}) 


316    EBENEZER.  53 

said  to  have  been  born  about  1741-2,  married  H  Feb'y, 
1765,  his  cousin  Hepzi11ah'''^^  daughter  of  Allen  and 
Hulda  (Newhall)  Breed,  born  in  Lynn  15  Dec.,  1746. 

It  has  been  exceedingly  difficult  to  learn  anything  about 
his  parentage.  The  pedigree  given  above  is  the  only  one 
that  has  any  appearance  of  probability  in  its  favor.  It 
may  be  that  his  father  died  when  he  was  very  young  and 
that  he  was  brought  up  in  the  family  of  Timothy  Howard, 
who,  if  this  pedigree  is  correct,  was  his  uncle  by  mar- 
riage. At  any  rate  Mr.  Howard,  who  died  childless, 
in  his  will  of  8  Nov.,  1762,  proved  10  Sept.,  1764,  after 
bestowing  legacies  upon  sundry  brothers  and  upon  Jacob 
Alley,  a  brother-in-law,  bequeathed  all  his  houscing  and 
lands  and  the  balance  of  his  personal  estate  to  Hanson 
Newhall,  who  thus  became  possessed  of  a  portion,  at 
least,  of  the  old  homestead  of  his  ancestors,  Thomas^ 
Thomas*  and  SamueP  Newhall.  This  seems  to  have  passed 
out  of  his  possession  just  before  the  Revolution.  His 
residence  was  on  the  road  to  Bhickmarsh. 

]Mr.  Newhall  died  21  Nov.,  1819,  outliving  his  wife 
who  is  said  to  have  died  at  Epping,  N.  H.,  1816.  And 
on  the  fly  leaf  of  Book  6  of  the  Lynn  Town  Records  of 
Births,  Deaths  and  Marriages,  was  found  the  following, 
viz.:  "The  mother  of  Hanson  Newhall  died  11  Feb'y, 
1809." 

725  Timothy,   b.   17  Dec,    17G6;    m.   Lois  Hutchins   2   March, 

1794. 
72G  Sally,  b. m.  Timothy  Munroe  11  April,  1793. 

727  Jerusha,  b.   15  April,   17G9;  m.  Benjamin  Johnson,  jr.,  12 

June,  1790. 

728  Allen,  b.  6  March,   1771;  m.  1st  Michal,  daughter  of  Jedi- 

diah^»"  Newhall   7    Feb'y,    1793,   and   2nd    Mrs.    Betsey 
(Brown)  Abbott,  1828. 

316  Ebenezer  (Josejph^^\  Samuel^,  Thomas\  Thos,^) 


54  THE    NEWHALL  FAMILY; 

married  first  Hannah  Larrabee  19  May,  1768,  by  whom 
he  had  the  first  four  children  named  below,  and  secondly, 

Martha ,  who  survived  him  and  was  the  mother  of 

the  last  two  children  named.  Mr.  Newhall  died  15 
Sept.,  1819,  and  his  widow  25  (or  26)  June,  1827. 
His  first  wife  appeared  as  one  of  the  heirs  of  Samuel 
Larrabee. 

729  Benjamin,  b.  17  March,  1769;  perhaps  m.  Ketura  Hitchins 

12  Jan'y,  1792. 

730  Joanna,  b.  6  April,  1771 ;  perhaps  m.  Henry  Burchsted,  jr., 

18  Nov.,  1791. 

731  Mary,  b.  18  Jan'y,  1776;  probably  m.  Samuel  Winship  27 

Nov.,  1798. 

732  Ebenezer,   b.    16  Feb'y,  1781;  probably  d.  of  jaundice  23 

April,  1858. 

733  Lydia,  b.  25  Aug.,  1784;  perhaps  m.  Nath'l  Farrington  17 

Sept.,  1809. 

734  Joseph,  b.  15  Oct.,  1787;  d.  17  May,  1805. 

338  John  {John}^^,  John^^,  John^^  Anthony^)  born  in 
Lynn  12  May,  1721,  married  10  April,  1746,  Sarah, 
daughter  of  Edmund  Lewis,  as  shown  in  their  deed  (4 
March,  1783)  of  one-half  part  of  what  was  set  off  to 
her  as  her  portion  of  her  father's  estate.  He  was  a  ship- 
wright, and  in  his  father's  lifetime  was  known  as  John 
Newhall  tertius.  His  place  of  abode  is  shown  in  a  deed 
of  Nathaniel  Newhall,  potter,  to  Hannah  Newhall,  single 
woman,  24  July,  1810,  conveying  dwelling  house  and 
land  on  Water  Hill,  bounded  west  by  the  Highway  (Fed- 
eral street),  north  by  a  road,  east  by  my  land,  south  by 
Levi  Gowdy's  successors,  and  the  house  thereon  is  the 
same  that  was  lately  owned  and  improved  by  my  late 
father,  John  Newhall,  deceased. 

Administration  on  the  estate  of  John  Newhall  of 
Lynn,  shipwright,  was  granted,  15  Jan'y,  1810,  to  Mr. 
Nathaniel  Newhall,  who,  three  days  afterwards,  presented 


340    INCREASE.  55 

an  inventory  and  account  of  administration.  Nathaniel 
Newhall,  potter,  Thomas  Bowler  and  wife  Lydia,  Ed- 
mund Lewis  and  wife  Hepzibah,  James  Seahind,  heel- 
maker,  and  wife  Elizabeth,  and  Sarah  and  Hannah  New- 
hall,  conveyed  to  James  Le\vis  5  March,  1796,  a  part  of 
the  mansion  house  of  their  late  honored  grandfather 
Edmund  Lewis,  late  of  Lynn,  deceased,  set  off  to  them 
in  the  division  of  the  widow's  dower. 

Nathaniel  Newhall,  the  only  son  of  John  Newhall,  ship- 
wright, calls  himself,  in  a  deed  made  in  1816,  potter, 
alias  cooper,  alias  wheelwright,  but  he  was  commonly 
known  as  potter  Nat.  He  died  without  issue  June 
1819,  and  his  estate  fell  to  his  sisters. 

On  the  death  of  ILmnah^*^  Newhall,  Joseph  Iloman 
was  appointed,  6  Jan'y,  1841,  administrator,  at  request 
of  Sarah  Robbins  and  Elizabeth  Sealand  sisters,  and 
Mary  and  James  Bowler,  sister's  children. 

735  Hebeath  (a  dau.),  b.  20   Jan'y,  1751;  d.  young,  unless  the 

same  as  Hepzibah  below. 

736  Nathaniel,  b   21  Nov.,  1753;  d.  unmarried. 

737  Lydia,  b.  ;  m.  Thomas  Bowler  10  Dec,  1784. 

738  Hepzibah,  b.  ;  d.  13  Feb'y,  1821,  act.  56;  m.  Ed- 

mund'"^ Lewis   4  Nov.,  1784. 
730  Elizal)eth,  b.  ;  m.  James   Sealand  24  Jan'y,  1793. 

740  Sarah,  b.  ;  m.  James  Robbins  in  Boston  14 

May,  1797. 

741  Hannah,  b.  ;  d.  20  Aug.,  1840. 

340  Increase  (JoIm^^\  John^\  JoJuf,  Anthony'^)  born 
in  Lynn  31  March,  1725,  married  Susanna,  whose  sur- 
name is  said  to  have  been  Soudan.  He  was  an  officer 
in  the  army  during  the  Revolution,  a  tanner  and  an  inn- 
keeper, and  he  lived  at  the  north  end  of  the  old  home- 
stead of  his  lineal  ancestors.  He  died  23  June,  1815, 
and  his  wife  died  8  Jan'y,  1816.  He  is  said  to  have  had 
the  following  children,  perhaps  by  two  wives. 


56  THE   NEWHALL   FAMILY; 

742  (?)  William,  whose  name  appears  as  witness  on  deeds,  m. 

Elizabeth  Stocker  16  Sept.,  1774. 

743  Anthony,  according  to  statement  of  family. 

744  Galley,  b.  about  1754 ;  m.  Anna  Harrington  of  Lexington  19 

April,  1777. 

745  Increase,  whose  name  appears  as  witness  on  deeds. 

746  James,  b.  about  1766;  m.  1st  Sarah**""  Newhall  3  Oct.,  1786, 

2nd  widow  Mary  Hart. 

747  Susanna,  m.  Wyman  (perhaps  1st Flagg). 


349  Josiah  {Eleazer'^^ ,  John^\  John^,  Anthony'^) 
born  in  Boston  22  Feb'y,  1729,  was  married  by  Rev. 
Jonathan  Mayhevv  to  Rachel  Annis  23  Nov.,  1749.  Ad- 
ministration on  the  estate  of  Josiah  Newhall  of  Boston, 
cooper,  was  granted  to  William  Newhall  of  Boston, 
lentherdresser,  2  April,  1779.  The  inventory  does  not 
show  him  to  have  possessed  any  real  estate.  They  had 
the  following  children  born  in  Boston  : 

748  William,  b.    17   May,    1754 ;  m.   Elizabeth  Pratt  26  Feb'y, 

1777. 

749  Eleazer,  b.  6  Jan'y,  1756. 

750  Napthali,   b.   24  June,   1757;    m.  Sarah  Hooper  3  March, 

1790. 


354  David  (David^^\  John^,  John\  Anthony^)  born 
in  Boston  21  June,  1739,  seems  to  have  removed  to  Hav- 
erhill with  his  father  and  afterwards  probably  settled  in 
Salem  where  he  married  Mary  Johnson  of  Lynn  or  Mar- 
blehead,  29  June,  1766.  He  was  a  mariner  and  lived 
in  half  a  house  in  Becket  street,  Salem,  which  he  bouijht 
in  Jan'y,  1778.  He  died  of  consumption  25  April,  1785, 
aged  45  years,  and  left  everything  to  his  wife  Mary,  who 
afterwards,  viz.,  19  Dec,  1786,  was  married  to  Joseph 
Crookshanks  of  London,  England,  who  died  in  Salem  26 
Aug.,  1794,  set.  about  47.     She  died  16  Sept.,  1808,  a 


378   THOMAS.  57 

"very  corpulent  woman,"  says  the  Rev.  Dr.   Bentley  in 
his  record. 

751  David,  b.  about  1768;  ra.  Lydia  Cleary  4  May,  1793. 

378  Thomas  (Jonathan}'^  ThosJ\  Thof^.''\  Tho.H.\ 
Thos})  born  in  Leicester  9  Aug.,  1732,  died  in  Leicester 
10  Oct.,  1814.  He  married,  first,  Deborah,  daughter  of 
Jonathan  and  Deborah  (Richardson)  Sargeant  of  Leicester 
1  July,  1756,  and,  secondly,  Sarah  (Alden)  Dwight, 
widow  of  Mr.  Timothy  Dwight,  1  March,  1770,  but  had 
no  issue  by  either. 

Mr.  Newhall  kept  a  tavern  in  the  western  part  of 
Leicester  near  Spencer  line,  and  was  selectman  of  the 
toUMi  twelve  years.  He  commanded  a  company  of  min- 
ute men  and  marched  with  them  to  Cambridge  on  the 
famous  nineteenth  of  April,  1775.  He  contributed  one 
hundred  pounds  to  Leicester  Academy  upon  its  incorpo- 
ration, and  was  one  of  its  trustees  from  1786  until  his 
death. 

His  will  made  30  April,  1811,  and  proved  6  Dec, 
1814,  mentions  brother  Hiram,  and  his  sons  Joshua,  Jon- 
athan, William,  Augustine  Washington,  and  Samuel  New- 
hall,  his  daughters  Mary  Sprague,  Sarah  Fessenden. 
Hannah,  Lois  and  Olive  Newhall,  and  brother  Hiram's 
grandchildren  Newhall  and  Jerusha  Nutt,  children  of 
Jerusha  Nutt,  deceased  ;  Nathan  N.  Harden,  son  of  sister 
Hannah  Harden,  deceased  ;  the  heirs  of  sister  Dorothy 
Washburn,  deceased,  viz.  :  Dorothy,  Ebenezer  and  Cyrus 
Washburn  and  Clarissa  p]gre ;  the  children  of  sister 
Esther  Carpenter,  formerly  wife  of  Joctan  Green,  de- 
ceased, viz.  :  Esther  Haven,  Josiah  Green,  Salmon 
Green,  Eli  Green,  Achash  Green,  and  the  heirs  of  Jon- 

HI8T.    COLL.  XIX  4* 


58  THE   NEWHALL    FAMILY  ; 

athan  Green,  deceased;  Constant  Fletcher,  daughter  of 
Nathaniel  and  Persis  Cobb ;  the  children  of  brother  Jon- 
athan Newhall,  deceased,  viz.  :  Mary  Keyes,  William 
Nevvhall,  Mary  Ann  Newhall,  and  Mehitable  Newhall ; 
Mary  F.  Newhall,  a  granddaughter  of  said  brother ;  a 
son  of  brother  Jonathan's  daughter  Lucy  Fanuil,  dec'd  ; 
Anna  Wood  and  Mehitable  Trask,  children  of  David  and 
Mehitable  Trask ;  Thomas  N.  Muzzey  and  Sarah  Ames, 
children  of  Edmond  and  Sarah  Muzzey  ;  Lucretia  Denny, 
wife  of  Thomas  Denny,  esq.  ;  Mary  Silvester  (single 
woman),  his  housekeeper.  He  made  a  bequest  to  Lei- 
cester Academy,  as  follows: — "Taking  into  consideration 
the  great  importance  of  the  education  of  the  youth  I  do 
give  and  bequeath  one  thousand  dollars  to  the  Trustees 
of  Leicester  Academy  for  them  to  hold  for  and  during»the 
time  that  the  said  Academy  shall  be  continued  in  the 
Town  of  Leicester  and  no  longer,  the  interest  thereof  to 
be  appropriated  to  the  benefit  of  said  Institution  during 
said  term,  but  in  case  the  said  Academy  is  not  continued 
in  said  Town  then  the  abovesaid  sum  of  one  thousand 
dollars  shall  be  vested  in  the  Town  of  Leicester,  the  in- 
terest thereof  to  be  appropriated  for  the  Instruction  of  the 
youth  of  said  Town  forever  in  Reading,  Writing,  Arith- 
metic and  the  languages. 

I  give  and  bequeath  to  the  Town  of  Leicester  one 
thousand  dollars,  the  interest  thereof  to  be  appropriated 
for  the  Instruction  of  the  youth  of  said  town  forever  in 
the  way  and  manner  following,  viz.  : — For  the  purpose 
of  paying  the  Instruction  of  the  youth  of  said  Town  at 
the  Academy  in  Leicester,  during  the  continuance  thereof 
in  said  town,  who  may  live  more  than  two  miles  from  said 
Academy  and  for  the  payment  of  one-half  the  tuition  of 
such  inhabitants  who  may  live  a   mile  and  within  two 


381  iiiRAM.  59 

miles  of  said  Academy.  In  computing  the  distance  from 
the  Academy  the  open  road  and  bridle  way  is  to  he  cal- 
cuhited.  The  overphis  interest,  if  any  there  be,  is  to  bo 
divided  amongst  the  several  School  Districts  in  said 
Town  in  the  same  Avay  as  the  money  raised  l)y  the  town 
for  schooling  is  apportioned.  And  it  is  to  be  understood 
as  the  will  of  the  Testator  that  in  case  the  aforesaid  sum 
of  one  thousand  dollars  should  be  diminished  or  lessened 
by  reason  of  any  unforeseen  accident  that  the  interest 
shall  be  applied  to  the  principal  until  it  shall  amount  to 
the  full  sum  bequeathed,  and  no  one  inhabitant  of  said 
town  or  school  district  shall  be  entitled  to  any  part  of  the 
interest  until  the  fund  is  restored  or  increased  to  its  ori^ri- 
nal  amount;  if  any  dispute  shall  arise  concerning  the 
distances  from  the  Academy  it  shall  be  determined  by  the 
Selectmen  of  said  town  for  the  time  being."  lie  ap- 
pointed Nathan  N.  Harden  executor. 

381  Hiram  {Jonathan^'\  Thomas'^  Thomas^\  Thos,\ 
Thos})  born  in  Leicester  21  Feb'y,  1738,  died  3 
Sept.,  1816.  His  tirst  wife,  Mary  Seaver,  the  mother  of 
two  of  his  children,  married  21  Jan'y,  1762,  died  5 
Feb'y,  1769,  aged  twenty-nine  years ;  his  second  wife, 
Sarah  Hasey,  by  whom  he  had  four  children,  married  19 
Oct.,  1769,  died  21  June,  1778,  aged  thirty-one  years; 
by  his  third  wife,  Jerusha  Hays,  married  17  Dec,  1779, 
he  had  nine  children.  In  1768  he  is  found  in  the  record 
of  deeds  as  of  Leicester  with  wife  Mary;  in  1772,  with 
wife  Sarah,  of  Leicester,  he  sells  land  in  Leicester  and 
buys  land  in  Athol ;  in  1777  Hiram  Newhall,  of  Athol, 
conveys  to  his  father,  Jonathan  Newhall  of  Leicester, 
real  estate  near  land  of  Thomas  Newhall,  jr. ;  in  1779 
he   buys    land   of   Samuel   Hasey   of   Athol;    in    1789, 


60  THE   NEWHALL   FAMILY;    381    HIRAM. 

Hiram  Newhall  of  Athol  conveys  land  in  Leicester  to 
Thomas  Newhall,  both  being  called  sons  of  «Tonathan 
Newhall,  late  deceased;  in  1797,  Hiram  Newhall,  esq., 
of  Athol,  with  wife  Jerusha,  conveys  certain  real  estate 
in  Athol,  Jonathan  and  William  Newhall  being  wit- 
nesses; and  in  Dec,  1801,  he  conveys  to  Joseph  Esta- 
brook,  clerk,  "the  farm  I  live  on"  (in  Athol),  his  wife 
Jerusha  releasing  her  dower,  and  Lois  and  Hannah  New- 
hall being  witnesses. 

752  Hiram,  b.  11  May,  1764;  d.  15  May,  1770. 
763  Mary,  b.  28  June,  1768;  d.  5  June,  1838;  m.  Hasey  Floyd 
Sprague  of  Atbol,  8  May,  1788. 

754  Joshua,  b.  3  July,  1770;  ra.  Polly  Cutting  of  Athol  24  April, 

1791. 

755  Jonathan,   b.    12  Sept.,    1772;  m.    1st   Susanna  Graves  of 

Athol  25  Oct.,  1798;  and  2nd  Betsey  Bates  of  Shelburne, 
Mass.,  6  Dec,  1812. 

756  Sarah,  b.  13  Nov.,  1774;  d.  3  Sept.,  1851;  m.  Stephen  Fes- 

senden  of  Kutland,  Mass.,  16  April,  1801. 

757  Jerusha,  b.  5  July,   1776;  d.  29  April,  1795;  m.  Abraham 

Nutt,  jr.,  at  Athol  3  Oct.,  1793. 

758  Hiram,  b.  16  Sept.,  1780;  d.  4  June,  1795. 

759  William,  b.  10  June,  1783 ;  m.  Clarissa  Phillips  18  Jan'y, 

1807. 

760  Hannah,  b.  29  Aug.,   1785;  d.  1  May,  1829,  in  Richmond, 

Mass. ;  m.  Erastus  Danforth  6  April,  1815. 

761  Lois,  b.  28  Sept.,  1787;  d.  16  Aug.,  in  Rochester,  N.  Y. 

762  Olive,  b.  18  Nov.,  1789;  d.  15  June,  1795. 

763  Lucy,  b.  3  March,  1792;  d.  11  March,  1793. 

764  Augustine  Washington,  b.  31  March,  1795;  m.  Jane  Dudley 

2  Dec,  1830. 

765  Olive,  b.  16  Feb'y,  1797;  m.  Wm.,  son  of  Jonathan  Flagg  of 

Holden,  Mass.,  2  July,  1822. 

766  Samuel,  b.  16  Nov.,  1800;  m.  Betsy  Fisk  of  Athol  28  May, 

1826. 

[To  he  continued.'] 


Diaries  Kept  by  Lemuel  Wood,  of  Boxfokd  ; 
WITH  AN  Introduction  and  Notes. 


COMMUNICATED  BY  SIDNEY  PERLEY. 


Mr.  Lemuel  Wood,  the  author  of  the  following  dia- 
ries, was  born  in  Boxford,  Mass.,  25  Oct.,  1741,  being 
the  third  son  of  Daniel  and  Sarah  (Peabody)  AVood,  and 
of  the  fourth  generation  from  Daniel  AVood,  who  settled 
m  Boxford,  then  known  as  Rowley  Village,  about  1675. 
This  Daniel  is  supposed  to  be  son  of  Thomas  AVood  of 
Rowley.  Daniel  AYood  was  made  a  freeman  in  Oct., 
1690.  He  undoubtedly  resided  where  the  Stetson  house 
now  stands,  and  at  different  times  purchased  several 
tracts  of  land  in  that  vicinity.  He  was  a  deacon  of  the 
First  Church,  and  was  living  as  late  as  1718  ;  the  date  of 
his  death  is  not  recorded.  Mr.  AVood  married  about 
1674,  Sarah,  daughter  of  Robert  and  Grace  Andrew^s, 
of  the  Village.  She  died  27  Sept.,  1714,  at  the  age  of 
fifty-seven  years.  Her  gravestone  is  the  oldest  remaining 
one  in  the  town. 

Their  children  were  : — 

2  Daniel,  b.  J  \l  ^"j^'  1 1675 ;  d.  1  June,  1697. 

3  David,  b.  18  Feb.,  1677;  grandfather  of  the  journalist. 

4  John,  b.  25  March,  1680;  m.  Ruth  Peabody  of  Boxford. 
6  Abigail,  b.  3  Oct.,  1684;  d.  25  July,  168- 

6  Huldah    (or  Mary),  b.  23  May,  1687;    perhaps  these  were 

twins.    'Ihey  are  recorded  in  separate  places. 

7  Mercy,  b.  21  Sept.,  1689. 

8  Jacob,  b.  22  Aug.,  1691 ;  m.  and  resided  in  Boxford. 

9  Sarah,  b.  16  April,  1698. 

(61) 


62  LEMUEL   wood's   JOURNAL  ; 

3  David^  {Daniel^)  was  a  physician  in  his  native  town, 
and  had  an  extensive  practice  in  the  surrounding  towns. 
He  carried  on  a  large  and  productive  farm,  and  also 
served  as  a  Justice  of  the  Peace  for  many  years.  He 
deceased  30  Aug.,  1744,  at  the  age  of  sixty-seven  years. 
In  1701,  he  married  Mary ;  and  they  were  ad- 
mitted to  the  First  Church  in  Boxford  25  April,  1703. 

Their  children  were  as  follows  ; 

10  Mary,  b.  23  Sept.,  1702;  d.  11  May,  1712. 

11  Kebecca,  bap.  23  April,  1704. 

12  Daniel,  b.  22  Jan.,  1705-6;  father  of  the  journalist. 

13  Sarah,  b.  10  Oct.,  1707;  m.  Aaron  Kimball,  1733. 

14  David,  b.  19  Nov.,  1709;  d.  5  March,  1785;    m.  1st  Marcy 

;  2nd  Mary  Hovey,  1746. 

15  Hannah,  b.  21  Nov.,  1711;  m.  Joshua  Andrews  2  Dec,  1731. 

16  Jonathan,  b.  6  Dec,  1713;  d.  young. 

17  Jonathan,  b.   1716;  m.  Sarah  Redlngton;  and  died  19  June, 

1781.     She  died  11  Sept.,  1775,  aged  fifty  years.     They 
resided  in  Boxford  and  had  eight  children. 

18  Mary,  b.  1718;  m.  Rev.  Jacob  Bacon,  of  Plymouth,  22  June, 

1749. 

19  Mercy,  b.    1720;  m.   Isaac  Adams,  1   April,   1743:  lived  in 

Boxford. 

20  Samuel,  b.  4  June,  1724;  removed  to  Union,  Conn.,  previous 

to  1750. 

12  DanieF  {DavicP,  Daniel^)  died  31  March,  1746, 
aged  forty  years.  He  married  Sarah,  daughter  of  David 
and  Sarah  Peabody  of  Boxford,  8  March,  1730-1.  She 
was  born  in  Boxford  26  Sept.,  1709.  He  was  a  founder 
of  the  second  church  in  Boxford,  where  he  resided,  and 
where  his  children  were  born  as  follows  : 

21  Sarah,  b.  29  Jan.,  1731-2;  m.  Peter  Poor  of  Andover,  1753; 

d.  19  April,  1788. 

22  Joseph,  b.  29  March,  1734;  m.  Mary  Varnum  of  Andover; 

d.  7  May,  1801. 

23  Deborah,  b.  12  Nov.,  1736;  d.  1767;  m.  Theodore  Carleton 

of  Exeter,  N.  H. 


INTRODUCTION.  63 

24  Daniel,  b.    13  July,  1739;  was  a  major  in  the  Army  of  the 

Revolution;  d.  27  June,  1819. 

25  Lemuel,  b.  25  Oct.,  1741;  the  journalist. 

26  Rebecca,  b.  26   Feb.,    1743-4;  ra.  John  Robinson,  30  June, 

1763. 

27  Frances,  b.  2  July,  1746;  d.  27  March,  1790. 

Mr.  Lemuel  AVood  was  but  seventeen  years  of  age 
when  he  entered  the  service  of  the  colonies  and  com- 
menced these  diaries.  He  served  in  the  French  and  In- 
dian war,  in  what  was  called  "The  Canada  Exi)editi()n." 
His  company  was  under  the  conmiand  of  Capt.  Francis 
Peabody  of  Boxford  ;  the  regiment  under  Col.  \\'illiard; 
and  the  expedition  under  Gen.  Jelfrey  Amherst.  Con- 
tinuing in  the  service  of  the  colonies  during  17r)9  and 
17G0,  he  also  devoted  himself  to  the  cause  of  independ- 
ence, and  did  not  marry  and  settle  down  till  1782,  Avhen 
he  had  arrived  at  the  age  of  forty  years,  and  had  seen 
the  end  accomplished  for  which  he  had  fought,  and  the 
sweet  influence  of  peace  and  freedom  settle  over  his 
native  land.  Mr.  Wood  was  an  accurate  and  intelligent 
surveyor  of  considerable  note,  as  well  as  an  excellent 
cabinet  maker.  Several  pages  of  these  diaries  are  tilled 
with  calculations  of  his  surveys,  and  the  old  com})ass 
which  he  used  is  still  pi'eserved  by  the  family  of  the  late 
venerable  Benjamin  Peabody.  It  is  probably  two  centu- 
ries old,  having  been  used  by  the  Peal)ody  family 
nearly  as  far  back  as  the  seventeenth  century. 

Mr.  Wood  married  Frances,  daughter  of  Job  and 
Elizabeth  (Parker)  Tyler  of  Boxford^  21  March,  1782. 
She  was  born  in  1753.  Mr.  Wood  died  1  July,  1819, 
at  the  age  of  seventy-seven  years.  After  the  death  of 
Rev.  Moses  Hale,  in  the  West  Parish,  which  occurred  in 
1786,  Mr.  Wood  resided  in  his  house,  which  stood  di- 
rectly across  the  street  from  the  present  residence  of  Mr. 


64  LEMUEL   wood's   JOURNAL; 

Daniel  Wood.     They  became  members  of  the  church  6 
July,  1794. 

The  children  of  Lemuel  and   Frances  (Tyler)  Wood 
were  all  born  in  Boxford,  as  follows  : 

28  Lemuel,  b.  29  April,  1783. 

29  Fanny  Tyler,  b.  10  Dec,  1784. 

30  Charlotte,  b.  25  Dec,  1786. 

31  Mary  Chadwick,  b.  22  July,  1789. 

32  Aaron,  b.  2  Jan.,  1791;  d.  22  Oct.,  1794. 

33  Daniel,  b.  10  Feb.,  1793;  ra.  1st  Maria  Barker,  12  Oct.,  1820; 

2nd,  Abigail  Tyler,  who  died  27  April,  1879.  He  still  re- 
sides at  "West  Boxford  at  the  age  of  eighty-nine  years,  as 
hale  and  hearty  as  in  his  prime.  These  diaries  are  in  his 
possession. 

34  Aaron,  b.  27  Oct.,  1797. 


A  JOURNAL  OF  THE  CANADA  EXPEDITION  IN 
Y^  YEAR  1759. 


Thirsday  may  y®  24  Day  I  met  a  part  of  Captin  Pea- 
body  s  Cumpany  at  Braggs^  about  12  o  Clock  and  marched 
of  about  4  o'clock  to  fosters^  in  andover 

Fry  day  may  y^  25  Day  we  marched  to  Cittiriges^  1  mile 
from  fosters  to  Tucksbury  and  then  to  Poords*  in  Bede- 
ford  which  [was]  about  10  miles  from  thense  to  Rosess^ 
in  concord  5  miles 

Saterday  may  26  Day  we  marched  to  Coll  williames  in 


1  Bragg's  inn,  doubtless,  in  Andover;  or  residence  of  Thomas  Bragg  in  An- 
dover. 

2  This  was  the  tavern  of  Capt.  Asa  Foster,  where  Marquis  de  Chastelux  once 
stopv^ed,  and  of  which  he  wrote:  "Une  muuvaise  auberge  tenue  par  un  homme 
nonjnie  Fopter:  nous  nous  contentames  de  faire  repaitre  nos  chevaux  dans  ce 
mauvais  cabaret."  ('•  A  wretched  inn  kept  by  a  man  named  Foster.  We  were 
gh\d  to  do  no  more  than  to  feed  our  horses  iti  this  miserable  tavern.") 

»  The  tavern  of  James  Kittridge,  jr.,  in  Andover.       *  Poore's  in  Bedford. 
"  Ross'  tavern  in  Concord. 


THE    CANADA    EXPEDITION.  65 

moulberry^  and  there  we  found  nothing  but  stued  beans 
and  Pork  and  then  we  Travelld  so  that  we  made  up  16 
miles,  in  melberry^  abovt  12  o'Clock.  and  from  thence  to 
Bauldins^  in  Shuesberry  about  the  Sun  half  an  our  his 
which  is  8  miles. 

Sunday  may  y®  27  we  Travelled  to  woster^  9  miles  to 
Cap*  Curtises  and  there  we  Dined  upon  codfish  and  taters 
and  there  we  hild  the  Saboth  from  one  Room  to  the  other 

IVIonday  may  y®  28  Day  we  Travelled  to  Browns  in 
wostei-^  which  is  3  miles  and  a  half  and  there  we  Pased 
muster  before  the  Kings  muster  mastei*^  and  there  we 
Traveld  2  miles  and  a  half  in  wostcr 

Tuesday  may  y*^  29  Day  we  Travelld  to  Sargants  in 
Lister^^  which  is  3  miles  and  from  thence  to  wilkits  in 
Brookfield  which  is  10  miles  and  then  to  Gilberts  in 
Brookheld  which  is  4  miles  and  ther  they  Lodged  a  part 
of  three  Cumpanys 

Wensday  may  y*^  30  Day  we  Travelled  to  Weston  Cut- 
ters 7  miles  and  half  and  from  there  to  Shaws  in  astown^^ 

and  then  to in  Brimfield  7  miles  and  a  half  and 

there  we  Lodged  that  Knight  the  hole  of  Captins  Pea- 
body  s  Cumpany. 

Thirsday  may  y^  31  Day  we  Travelled  to  Springfield 
about  2  o'clock  in  the  afternoon  which  is  13  milss  and 
pased  muster  before  a  helandei-^^  to  the  Town  house 
and  then  we  Lodged  at  a  privit  house  iust  by  Connectcut 
River  Ferry. 

Fryday  June  y®  1  Day  in  morning  I  went  Down  to  the 
meating  house  after  alouenc  and  found  that  we  was  abel- 
ated  out  at  4  pence  per  Day  there  we  kept  Walkin  the 
StariO^  from  one  Tarven  to  the  other  in  the  Town 


« Marlborough.  ''  Baldwin's  inn  in  Shrewsbury  ?  ^  \Yorce8ter. 

»  Capt.  Wheelock ;  see  Sept.  9.  lo  Leicester. 

»i  Western  ?  as  Warren  was  then  called.       "  A  Highland  officer  ?       "  Street. 

HIST.   COLL.  XIX  6 


66  LKMUfiL  wood's  journal; 

Saterday  June  2  Day  we  marched  of  from  Springfield 
and  come  over  the  river  about  1  o'Clock  and  then  Trav- 
eld  to  Taylors  in  Westfield  and  there  Log**  which  is  10 
iniles  and  3  quarters 

Sunday  June  y^  3  Day  we  Traveled  to  Nockies^*  in 
Glasscho^^  which  is  11  miles  over  the  mountains  and  there 
we  come  pushing  over  the  rocks  and  hills  holes  of  water 
and  there  we  Lodg**  that  Knight  at  Nockees 

monday  June  y®  4  Day  we  Travelld  through  the  Greene 
woods  which  is  Eceding  bad  Traveling  and  Came  to 
Chadwicks  in  No  one^^  and  there  we  Lodg^ed  that  kniofht 
which  is  19  miles. 

Tuesday  June  y®  5  Day  we  Travelled  to  Sheldars  a 
privit  house  in  8tarkW  which  is  11  miles  and  a  half 
and  there  was  8  of  us  that  went  to  the  Tarven  and  Drunk 
a  Gallon  and  a  haf  Point  of  wine  and  there  we  Lodsfd 
that  Knight  as  merry  as  me  Lord 

wensday  June  y^  6  Day  we  Stad  there  Traveling  the 
Rods  from  one  Place  to  a  nother  and  I  went  to  thair 
Priests  in  the  morning  and  got  Eight  quarts  of  milk  and 
John  Roberson^^  and  i  sold  it  and  there  we  Loged  that 
Knight 

Thirsday  June  y'^  7  Day  there  we  Stad  Lunging  about 
up  Stenrs  and  Down  and  there  was  Carts  Provied  for  to 
Ceary  our  Baggiges  and  the  Rain  prevented     . 

"Knox's  inn.        '»  Glasgow,  now  Blandford. 

"Now  the  town  of  Tyringhum.  John  Chadwick  was  one  of  the  first  settlers. 
He  pi-obably  emigrated  from  Andover  or  Bradford. 

"  Stockbridge  ? 

"John  Robinson  was  a  year  older  than  the  journalist,  and  a  native  of  Andover. 
His  parents  were  Joseph  and  Mehitable  (Eanies)  Robinson,  who  were  one  of  the 
families  set  oflf  from  Andover  to  the  West  Boxford  Parish  in  1740.  These  boys 
were  always  bosom  friends,  and  at  the  close  of  the  French  war,  30  June,  1763,  Rob- 
inson married  Wood's  sister  Rebecca,  and  settled  in  Boxford,  where  their  ten 
children  weie  born.  He  was  a  deacon  of  the  church  from  1795  till  his  death;  was 
a  justice  of  the  peace,  and  In  the  militia  had  attained  to  the  rank  of  major.  He  died 
26  Jan.,  1810,  aged  70  years;  his  wife  died  1  April,  1810  His  son  John  was  one  of 
the  first  students  at  Phillips'  Academy,  Andover,  and  had  begun  the  practice  of 
physic,  in  Saco,  Me.,  we  believe,  when  he  died  in  1790,  at  the  age  of  25  years. 


THE    CANADA    EXPEDITION.  07 

Fryday  June  y®  8  Day  their  we  Lay  still  because  of 
the  rain 

Saterday  June  y^  9  Day  we  Travelld  through  Xo])el 
Town  to  Canterhook^^  to  the  Stone  house  and  in  the  hole 
22  miles  and  there  we  Lodged  that  Knight 

Sunday  June  y^  10  Day  we  Travelled  to  Canterhook 
Town  and  there  we  Took  alounce  to  Gary  us  to  al])any  3 
miles 

monday  June  y®  11  Day  we  Travelled  unto  the  half  way 
house  10  miles  and  from  thence  to  Green  Bush  10  miles 
and  there  we  Lodged  that  knight  at  the  mills 

Tuesday  June  y®  12  Day  we  came  to  all)any  and  Piched 
our  Tents  and  Just  after  it  Ranned  So  that  the  Ground 
was  all  of  a  floot  upon  the  hill  above  albany  and  I  went  to 
the  City  and  Lay  in  a  Barn 

wensday  June  y^  13  Day  we  Lay  Still  in  our  Tents 
nothino:  to  Do  But  to  Cook  for  our  Selves  and  offisers  and 
went  to  Camp  about  Dark 

Thirsday  June  y^  14  Day  John  Roberson  and  I  Bilid 
ris  for  the  Lew*"  Shepord  and  went  to  Breckfest  with  him 
and  this  Day  they  mounted  gaurd  Down  to  the  City  to 
Gaurd  the  fort  and  I  went  Down  and  Got  me  Stoers  for 
to  Cary  me  to  the  Fort^^ 

Fryday  June  y^  15  Day  we  Struck  our  tents  according 
to  order  and  Took  3  Day  Provision  and  Traveled  12  miles 
and  Came  to  the  half  moon 

Saterday  June  y*  16  Day  we  Travelled  from  Half  moon 
to  the  Place  Called  The  3  mile  house  Bellow  Stillwater 
and  there  we  Pitched  om-  Tents  and  Lodged  there  that 
knight 

Sunday  June  y®  17  Day  this  Day  it  Rained  most  of  the 
Day  we  Lay  Still  at  the  Three  mile  house 

"  Kinderhook,  N.  Y.  "  Fort  Edward. 


68  LEMUEL  wood's  JOURNAL; 

monday  June  y®  18  Day  we  Travelled  from  the  3  mile 
House  to  Still  water  which  is  3  miles  and  there  we  Put 
our  Packs  abord  of  the  Batto  and  then  we  Marched  to 
Saretoga  which  is  14  miles  and  there  we  Lodged 

Tuesday  June  y®  19  Day  we  Travelled  to  Fort  miller 
and  there  we  made  a  halt  and  marched  about  9  miles  that 
Day  and  we  Camp*  there  above  the  fort  on  the  Plain  and 
Sot  a  Gaurd  there 

Wensday  June  y^  20  Day  we  marched  4  miles  to  Fort 
Edward  whear  we  arived  about  noon  the  hole  armey  that 
Lay  at  fort  Edward  Except  we  that  Came  up  Last  Rec** 
orders  to  get  ready  to  march  to  morrow  morning  for  to  go 
to  the  Lake^^  we  Pitched  our  tents  on  the  North  Sid  of  y® 
fort  Near  y®  hill  Some  Distance  from  the  fort 

"Thirsday  June  y*  21  Day  this  morning  Genneral  Am- 
herst^ marched  from  fort  Edward  for  y®  Lak  with  about 
3000  Regulars  betteen  3  and  4000  of  j^  Conecticut  troops 
and  CoP  Rugles^^  Reg"^*  there  followed  y®  armey  a  Larg 
Quantity  of  Powder  and  other  artilara  stoers  besides  near 
500  Carts  and  wagons  Loaded  with  Bagage  and  Stoers 
for  y*  army  about  10  of  y^  Clock  we  had  orders  to  Strike 
our  tents  &  acordingly  we  did  and  removed  and  Pitched 
Near  the  fort  Just  by  the  Train  of  Artillara  y®  afternoon 
magor  williard  Came  up  to  fort  Edward  with  two  Com- 
panyes  Belonging  to  our  Rig"^*  we  took  Provision  this 
afternoon  for  Six  Days 

22  Last  Night  a  great  Number  of  Carts  wagons  Re- 
turned from  the  Lake  this  mor[n]ing  they  went  back  a 
Gain  Loded  with  Canan  Boll  Boomb  Shels  and  Battowes 
Provisions  <fec. 


21  Lake  George.  22  The  commander  of  the  expedition. 

23  Col.  Joseph  Riiggles,  the  commander  of  a  regiment,  in  which  served  several 
Ipswich  men.  One  of  these  was  Jeremiah  Burnham,  who  was  taken  sick  with 
the  smallpox  on  his  return  from  the  service  the  following  year,  at  Andover,  4  Dec, 
1760,  and  was  cared  for  by  an  hospitable  lady  in  that  town. 


THE    CANADA    EXPEDITION.  69 

23  this  Day  a  Considrabel  Number  of  Carts  and 
wagons  went  from  fort  Edward  to  the  Lake  Loded  with 
Stoers 

24  this  mor[n]ing  we  had  News  hy  a  Ranger  that  Came 
into  fort  Edward  who  was  Last  Frjday  Near  Ticondaroga 
that  y®  Enemy  were  very  Numurus  there  that  [thej^]  En- 
camp* almost  from  Lake  to  Lake^*  he  Says  they  AVere  En- 
trenched at  y®  Landing  Place  very  Strong  P.  M.  Coll 
willard'^^  Came  up  to  fort  Edward  there  Came  up  with 
him  y®  Chef  Doctor  the  Chaplin  and  5  Companys  Be- 
lono^inor  to  his  Ric:"'*  abel  Dodo:e  l)eloni>in2:  to  our  Com- 
pany  who  was  Left  Sick  at  Woster^^  Came  up  this  after- 
noon 

25  about  3  o'Clock  there  was  a  very  Smart  Shower  of 
Rain  a  Party  was  Sent  Down  to  fort  miller  to  Gaurd 
teems 

26  this  Day  there  Came  orders  that  all  the  Ship  Car- 
penters and  house  Carpenters  that  belong  to  Coll  will- 
ards  Rig'"'  Should  go  Immediately  to  y^  Lak  to  work  at 
y®  Kings  work  acordingly  Cap*"  Bayley^^  went  Avith  35 
men  that  was  Carpenters  to  y®  Lake  avc  had  News  by  [a] 
Cap*"  belonging  to  y®  Rangers  who  was  Down  the  Lake 
y®  Sarterday  that  y*^  Indians  was  very  thick  about  the 
Lake  that  there  had  been  30  Battoes  of  the  Enemy  Dis- 
covered upon  the  Lake  not  far  from  our  Encami)mcnt 
that  y®  french  are  very  buise  in  Strengthening  themselves 
at  the  Landintj  Place  at  Ticondroofa 

27  Last  Knight  Co"  miller  of  our  Rig™*  Came  uj)  to 
fort  Edward  :  it  Came  out  in  order  this  Day  that  no  ofii- 

'*  From  Luke  George  to  Lake  Champlain, 

"Col.  Abijah  Williard,  the  commander  of  a  regiment  in  which  served  John 
Beverly  of  Andover,  17r>0.  Beverly  was  a  mnior.  This  was  the  regiment  in 
which  tlie  journalist  served.  Moses  Bayley  of  Methuen,  afterwards  of  Andover, 
served  in  Capt.  Peabody's  Company.  '"Worcester. 

"  Capt.  Bailey  commanded  a  company  in  Col.  Ruggles'  regiment.  Jeremiah 
Bumham,  of  Ipswich,  was  a  private  in  his  company,  1760. 


70 

cer  in  y®  Rigement  Should  wear  a  Scotch  bonet    we  take 
Provision  for  5  Days 

28  this  mor[n]ing  there  was  a  Party  of  100  of  [our?] 
Rig™  and  100  of  Hampshers^^  and  as  many  of  high  Land- 
er [s]^  went  to  the  half  way  Brook  to  Gaurd  wagons: 
there  was  1 70  wagons  went  from  fort  Edward  to  y®  Lake 
Loded  with  Stors  for  the  army 

29  this  mor[n]ing  we  heard  y®  Report  of  a  Number  of 
Cannon  at  y*^  half  way  Brook  or  at  y®  Lake  Sopposeing 
y^  Enemy  had  beset  our  Camps  but  when  they  Came  to 
y®  4  mile  poast  they  understood  that  they  was  Clearing 
Canon  at  the  Lake  which  occasined  [the]  uprooer  our  men 
then  Returned  home 

30  this  mor[n]ing  there  was  ten  men  Came  at  y^  4  mile 
Poast  that  Came  from  Canada  one  was  taken  at  oswego 
the  other  at  Lake  George  they  went  directly  up  to  the 
Lake  But  what  News  they  Brought  we  could  not  tell  in 
the  afternoon  there  came  in  about  100  carts  from  y^  Lake 
to  fort  Edward 

July  Sunday  y®  1  Day  this  mor[n]ing  there  was  be- 
tween 2  and  300  Carts  and  wagons  went  from  fort 
Edward  to  the  Lake  Loded  with  Stors  for  y^  armey.  our 
Picket  gaiirds  went  to  gaurd  them  to  y®  half  way  brook, 
in  y®  afternoon  Cap**^  Bearneses^*^  Compney  of  our  Rig'"^ 
Came  up  to  fort  Edward 

2  this  day  there  was  a  great  Number  of  oxen  and 
horses  came  from  the  Lake  to  fort  Edward  in  order  to 
Carry  the  artillira  to  the  Lake,  in  the  afternoon  we  had 
orders  to  march  to  morrow  mor[n]ing  by  7  o'Clock 

3  this  mor[n]ing  we  mustered  and  Struck  our  thents 
and  marched  off  for  y**  Lake^^  where  we  arived  about  an 
hour  after  Sun  Set    there  was  10  Peices  of  Canon  went 


28  The  regiment  from  New  Hampshire  ?    See  July  25.  "o  Highlanders. 

'"  Barnes'.  si  Lake  George. 


THE    CANADA    EXPEDITION.  71 

to  y*  Lake  that  was  24  Pounders  l)esides  Small  Pcices 
and  a  Number  of  morters.  we  were  informd  at  y^  Lake 
that  yesterday  about  20  of  y*  Jersey  Bleues  '^  went  out 
of  the  Encampemant  a  Littel  way  into  y*'  woods  to  get 
Bark,  they  Lay  Down  there  guns  and  went  to  geting 
Bark  in  Sight  of  y®  Encampement  and  a  Party  of  In- 
dians come  upon  them  Killed  and  took  13  of  them  the 
Indians  Put  off  immediately  befoer  the^  Jersey  Bleues 
could  [get]  there  and  help 

4  we  Pitched  our  tents  within  y^  old  brestwork  in  y^ 
Place  where  Blakenys  Keg'"^  Campt  Last  year  P  :  ]M  : 
there  was  a  Party  of  55  men  taken  out  of  our  Kig'"*  to  go 
into  the  Train  of  y^  artillare  the  otHcers  that  went  with 
this  Party  was  Cap'"  Hall  Leu*  Beaman  and  P^nsi"  Brown 
there  was  4  Sargents  and  48  Rank  and  file  there  was  3  of 
the  above  Party  taken  out  of  our  Company 

5  this  mor[n]ing  our  Rig'"*  and  y*^  hampshears  was 
Drawn  up  and  marched  over  near  to  where  y^  old  fort 
stood  and  fird  3  rounds  of  Platoons  through  both  Rig"'* 
this  night  a  centery**  1)elonging  to  y®  Conetticut  troops 
thought  he  Saw  an  Indian  out  Sid  of  y®  brest  work  he 
haild  but  had  no  answer  he  then  Urd  upon  him  the  next 
mor[n]ing  they  Saw  blood  at  the  IHace  and  tract  it  Some 
way 

y®  6  this  Day  we  had  orders  [that]  Every  company 
should  Prepar  a  sufficeant  Number  of  Scoops  for  Bailing 
the  Battoes  also  y*  all  should  be  in  a  Readiness  to  Croos 
y®  Lake  as  soon  as  orders  Shall  be  Given,  this  afternoon 
all  our  men  tliat  was  Left  Sick  at  Sheffield  Came  up  to 
y®  Lake  we  had  Rigemental  orders  that  all  y®  officers  in 
ye  j^igmt  ghould  turn  out  and  be  Exersised  twise  a  Day 
by  Cap*.  Sacks 


••A  company  or  regiment  of  New  Jersey  soldiers,  or  troops  fi-om  the  Isle  of 
Jersey  ?  »»  The  rest  of  the  Uetacbment,  probably .  •*  Sentry. 


72  LEMUEL  wood's   JOURNAL; 

7  this  Day  we  Draw  fresh  provision  for  3  Days  but  we 
Could  not  get  a  morsel  of  Salt  in  all  y®  Camps 

y®  8  this  Day  Leu*  holms  came  in  from  a  Scout  whether 
he  had  been  after  Indians  but  had  taken  none  this  Day  we 
had  a  Sermon  Preached  to  us  which  was  y®  first  I  have 
heard  Sence  I  Came  from  home,  y®  text  was  in  marthew 
5  Chapter  and  first  2°^  and  3**  verses,  y®  Sermon  and  time 
of  Excersise  was  about  10  minutes  Long  Preached  by  m'* 
Crofibrd  Chapline  to  Col  willard  Rig' 

mo  y®  9  Part  of  Cap*  Jacobs  men  y*  had  been  out  a  Scout 
came  in  and  they  said  y*  [they]  had  been  Chased  by  y® 
Indians  and  y^  Cap*  and  about  20  men  was  Either  Kiled 
or  taken.  Joseph  Fisk^  was  out  in  y®  aboue  Scout  was 
killed  or  taken. 

ye  10  this  day  one  Abraham  Astin  who  was  Late  Cap*" 
of  ye  wagons  had  stolen  Some  of  ye  Kings  arms  and 
working  tooles  was  sentanced  by  a  Cort  marshall  to 
Receive  400  Lashes — acordingly  was  brought  forth  and 
was  stript  36  Lashes  at  ye  head  of  Each  Rig°^*  [in]  ye 
army  begining  at  forbes^^  and  Ending  at  Schylers  through 
11  Rig™*  in  ye  hole,  there  was  11  men  who  was  Part- 
ners in  ye  theft  with  ye  above  abraham  astin  they  was 
Sentenced  by  a  Cort  marshall  to  Receive  300  Lashes  a 
Piece  but  as  there  crime  Did  not  apear  so  natorious  ye 
Jenarel  was  Pleased  to  Pardon  them  only  that  they 
should  march  Round  ye  Encampment  undergaurd  and  see 
ye  Said  Astin  Recive  his  Punishment,  acordingly  they 
did     we  Draw  four  Days  Salt  Provision. 

ye  11  this  day  another  man  of  Cap*"  Jacobs  Compenay 
Came  in  almost  Stearved  he  Said  they  had  had  a  brush 
with  ye  French  and  Indians  but  Could  not  tell  what  was 
become  of  Cap*"  Jacobs  or  his  men.    we  heard  ye  French 

36  He  was  probably  of  Boxford.  »*  Forbiish's  ? 


THE   CANADA    EXPEDITION.  73 

hiid  Come  up  the  first  Xarrows  a  Considerable  number  of 
them  and  that  they  Lay  tliere  Beating  up  or  above  yo 
narrows  this  day  we  had  orders  that  all  ye  Rig'"'  Should 
take  there  Battoes  in  order  to  cross  ye  Lake  that  they 
should  more  ye  Battoes  out  in  ye  Lake  and  Set  a  gaurd 
over  them  and  be  Ready  to  go  over  ye  Lake  as  soon  as 
orders  may  be  given,  it  was  ordered  also  how  Every 
Rig'"'  Should  be  Placed  where  they  Cross  ye  Lake. 

ye  12  this  mor[n]ing  major  Rogers^^  went  Down  ye 
Lake  with  a  Party  of  ye  Rangers  Some  Indians  Light  In- 
fentry  Royl  Scots  and  Reglars  about  400  in  all  tha  Car- 
ried Down  with  them  a  rogaley  with  a  field  Piece  in  it 
about  8  o'clock  in  ye  mor[n]ing  we  heard  ye  Rei)()rt  of 
Sevwell  Cannon  Down  ye  Lake  and  Saw  ye  Smoke  at  ye 
mouth  of  ye  Narrows  all  ye  Pickets  of  ye  Lines  was  or- 
dered out  and  Down  ye  Lake  to  their  aid  Some  by  Land 
and  some  by  water  al)out  12  o'Clock  there  was  a  whale 
Boat  Came  in  from  3^e  Party  and  said  that  there  was  a 
Large  Number  of  French  and  indians  Down  at  ye  first 
Narrows  y'  our  men  had  Drove  them  of  and  Ivilid  Some 
of  them  ye  french  run  of  Left  there  Battoes  and  what 
Little  they  had  a  Little  after  Sun  Set  majar  Rogers  Came 
in  with  ye  Party  he  had  Left  a  Sargant  of  ye  rangers  & 
a  Regular  Avas  Killed  an  indian  wounded  he  Destroyed 
Some  of  ye  Enemy  but  how  many  he  Could  not  tell, 
this  afternon  there  was  a  Reguler  Solder  named  Richard 
Studs  belonging  to  Blakeneys  or  ye  Irish  kiliny  Rigm*. 
Brought  to  ye  Lake  from  fort  Edward  and  he  Desai-ted 
from  ye  Lake  about  10  Days  ago  and  was  taken  up  at 
Saratoga  and  about  3  o'clock  he  was  brought  to  ye  Lake. 
We  Draw  Provision  for  3  Days 


*T  Major  Rogers  was  the  famous  partisan  and  commander  of  his  no  less  distin- 
guished company  of  rangers. 

HIST.    COLL.  XIX  5* 


74  LEMUEL   wood's  JOURNAL. 

ye  13  this  mor[n]ing  at  6  o'Clock  a  Cort  marshall  set 
for  ye  Triall  of  ye  Desarter  that  was  brought  in  yester- 
day he  was  Sentenced  by  ye  Cort  marshell  to  be  Shot  to 
Day  at  12  o'Clock  in  ye  front  of  the  Quarter  gaurd  of 
forbishes  Eig™*  acordingly  all  ye  Pickets  of  ye  Lines  was 
Drawn  up  for  ye  Execution  of  the  above  Prisener  the 
Provest  gaurd  brought  forth  ye  Prisoner  and  marched  him 
Round  befoer  all  ye  Reglars  Rig™*  from  thence  to  ye 
Place  of  Execution  there  was  Drawn  out  of  ye  Reg™*  to 
which  ye  Prisenor  Belonged  100  Plattons  of  6  men  Each 
ye  Prisenor  was  brought  and  set  befoer  one  of  the  Plat- 
tones  and  kneeled  Down  upon  his  knees  he  Clinched 
his  hand  the  Platton  of  6  men  Each  of  them  fired  him 
through  ye  Body  ye  other  Plattoon  then  Came  up  in- 
stantly and  fird  him  through  ye  head  and  Blowed  his 
head  all  to  Peaces  they  then  Dug  a  grave  by  his  Sid 
and  tumbled  him  in  and  Covrd  him  up  &  that  was  an 
end  of  ye  wool.^^ 

ye  14  there  was  delivered  out  to  Each  Rig™*  a  Proper- 
tion  of  flower  for  5  Days  which  they  was  ordred  to  get 
baked  and  keep  by  them  Ready  for  Sudin  Push,  this 
afternoon  there  was  a  Number  of  Reglaurs  Came  to 
ye  Lake  and  also  Coll  Rugals  2^  Battalion  and  Genarel 
Lymans  Rig™* 

ye  15  this  mor[n]ing  the  men  that  Came  up  yesterday 
was  sent  to  fier  Plattons  and  they  fird  3  Rounds  a  Piece 
and  then  Came  in.  ye  Rangers  was  ordred  to  Clear  there 
Pieces  this  morning  which  they  did.  in  ye  afternoon 
there  was  better  then  100  men  Came  in  that  belonged  to 
our  Reg™*  Came  up  to  ye  Lake 

(To  be  continued.) 
88  Fool? 


THE  BEVERLY   SHORE. 

An  Extract  from  a  Lecture  read  by  Robert  Rantoul^  senr.^ 
before  the  Beverly  Lyceum,  Nov.  15,  1831. 


Tuck's  point  is  at  the  entmnce  of  the  harbor  of  Bev- 
erly, and,  dittbrent  from  all  other  i)oints  along  the  shore, 
it  eonsists  altogether  of  sand.  The  channel  runs  very 
near  to  it  so  that  vessels  sailing  into  or  out  of  the  harl)or 
come  within  a  stone's  throw  of  it.  The  eove])etween  this 
point  and  Woodherry's  point  to  the  eastward  of  it  is  some- 
times called  Mackerel  Cove.  In  this  cove  there  is  a  wliarf 
not  much  used  called  Lovett's  a\  harf.  On  AN^oodherry's 
point  a  battery  was  erected  in  the  revolutionary  war  ;  here 
were  also  a  wharf,  store,  and  fish  Hakes  which  are  fallen  to 
decay.  The  next  point  easterly  is  called  BauTs  Head  or 
Hospital  point.  This  is  a  high  rocky  l)luff  on  which  stands 
the  building  erected  by  the  town  for  a  hospital  for  the  re- 
ception of  persons  afHicted  with  contagious  diseases.  A 
battery  was  erected  here  in  the  Revolutionary  war,  and  in 
the  last  war  a  guard  of  soldiers  was  stationed  on  this  point, 
making  use  of  the  hospital  for  their  quarters.  From  this 
point  the  prospect  at  sunrise  is  esteemed  as  peculiarly 
beautiful  and  interesting.  There  are  numerous  crevices 
and  grottoes  in  the  rocks  which  the  youthful  visitants  in 
the  exuberance  of  their  imaginations  have  honored  with 
appropriate  names.  A  walk  to  this  point  is  one  of  the 
innocent   pleasures   in   which   the   youth   of  both   sexes 

(75) 


76  THE   BEVERLY   SHORE. 

frequently  indulge  at  the  approach  of  day  to  view  the 
rising  sun.  On  the  beach  between  this  point  and  Cur- 
tis Woodberry's  point,  which  is  the  next  easterly,  black 
sand  has  been  obtained  in  considerable  quantities  for  the 
supply  of  the  stationers'  shops.  Being  mixed  with  other 
sand  it  is  separated  by  the  use  of  a  magnet  which  strongly 
attracts  the  black  that  is  fit  for  the  stationer's  use.  From 
this  cove  there  is  a  creek  that  runs  up  towards  Thissel's 
brido^e  which  is  called  River  Head  and  is  mentioned  in  the 
early  history  of  the  settlement  as  the  place  to  which  the 
highway  or  country  road  came  until  1645  when  it  was  al- 
tered by  the  General  Court  to  Draper's  Point.  The  next 
point  below  Hospital  point  is  called  Curtis  Woodberry's 
point.  Here  are  fish  flakes  and  other  accommodations  for 
the  curing  of  fish.  There  are  three  dwelling  houses.  There 
is  a  tradition  that  the  first  frame  house  built  on  the  Bever- 
ly side  of  Bass  River  was  on  this  point.  This  house  was 
taken  down  about  thirty  years  ago  by  John  Prince.  There 
is  a  piece  of  ground  here  which  has  long  been  called  the 
burying  place  but  there  are  no  vestiges  remaining  to  indi- 
cate that  it  was  ever  used  for  that  purpose.  There  are 
other  points  of  land  below  this,  before  we  come  to  West's 
beach.  This  from  Josiah  Ober's  house  at  the  western  end 
of  it  extends  easterly  towards  Manchester  about  a  mile. 
It  consists  of  coarse  light  colored  sand  and  is  a  place  of 
resort  for  water  parties  of  pleasure  from  Salem  and  other 
towns  in  the  vicinity ;  there  being  good  fishing  near  it  and 
fine  airy  places  for  recreation  on  the  farm  of  Josiah  Ober 
at  the  western  end  of  it.  Very  near  this  farm  house  there 
is  a  high  hill,  which  rises  very  abruptly,  where  in  the  rev- 
olutionary war  a  battery  was  erected.  In  the  last  war  it 
was  one  of  the  signal  stations  for  communicating  intelli- 
gence from  Cape  Ann  to  Boston  ;  it  being  so  elevated  as 


A   NOTICE    OF   8AUGUS    SEMINARY.  77 

to  be  distinguishable  from  another  station  so  distant  as  the 
Salem  great  pasture  near  Lynn. 

Note.  West's  Beach  took  its  name  from  John  AVcst,  and 
Paul's  Head  from  Paul  Thorndike,  two  of  the  live  "towns- 
men" or  "selectmen"  chosen  at  the  first  town  meeting  hekl 
after  Beverly  was  setoff  from  Salem  and  incori)orated  Nov. 
23,  1()68.  These  and  the  other  localities  mentioned  al)ove 
are  now  occu})ied  with  costly  summer  residences  erected 
since  1846.  Hospital  Point,  or  Paul's  Head  is  partly  occu- 
pied with  alight-house,  recently  i)hiccd  there  l)y  the  United 
States.  The  small-i)ox  h()si)ital  had  previousl}'  disap- 
peared, having  been  burned  on  the  night  of  July  4,  1847. 

Ei). 


A  NOTICE  OF  SAUGUS  SEMINAPY 


By  E.  p.  ROBINSOxN. 


The  Saugus  Female  Seminary,  though  not  an  institution 
that  lived  lon^  enou«:h  to  «:ain  an  endurin<!:  name  and 
fame,  yet  during  the  brief  period  of  its  existence,  flashed 
forth  a  meteoric  light  and  shed  a  brilliancy  upon  the  world 
of  letters  and  learning  that  deserves  a  passing  notice  from 
one  who  would  fain  put  its  fast  fading  tradition  into  sim- 
ple historic  form,  as  a  slight  tribute  to  its  actors  of  more 
than  half  a  century  ago.  It  was  situated  in  what  was  for- 
merly the  West  Parish  of  Lynn,  and  had  intimate  connec- 


78  A  NOTICE   OF   8AUGU8   SEMINARY. 

tion  with  the  society  of  which  Eev.  Joseph  Roby  was  so 
long,  previously,  the  venerated  pastor,  who  died  Jan.  31, 
1803,  having  broken  the  bread  of  life  to  them  for  fifty- 
three  years.  The  seminary  was  built,  in  the  year  1821,  by 
an  association  of  subscribers  of  which  Ezra  Brown,  Richard 
Mansfield,  Thomas  Mansfield,  Abijah  Cheever,  Abner 
Cheever,  Benjamin  Hitchings,  David  Newhall  and  others 
were  prominent.  Mrs.  Dorothy  Sweetser  was  also  a  stock- 
holder, holding  ten  shares,  the  par  value  being  five  dollars. 
The  building  was  erected  by  Timothy  and  George  Munroe 
of  Lynn,  and  was  dedicated  Jan.  15,  1822,  to  the  uses 
of  education,  smacking  somewhat  strongly  of  theologi- 
cal and  sectarian  training ;  the  dedication  sermon  being 
preached  by  Rev.  Joseph  Emerson,  a  truly  good  and  learned 
man,  who  was  its  first  preceptor.  This  sermon  was  some- 
what noted,  as  outlining  female  education,  and  was  printed 
with  a  complimentary  preface,  to  which  were  attached  the 
names  of  Rev.  Francis  Wayland,  Richard  Storrs,  Sereno  E. 
D wight,  Thomas  Baldwin,  Ebenezer  Nelson  and  others, 
recommending  Mr.  Emerson  as  an  educator  of  females,  to 
which  were  appended  extracts  from  a  Union  Catechism  by 
the  same  author,  fully  developing  his  theological  views. 
The  course  of  study  embraced  two  terms  of  twelve  weeks 
each,  separated  by  a  vacation  of  a  fortnight.  Terms  $6, 
payable  in  advance;  common  price  of  board,  from  $1  to 
$1.75  per  week,  without  fuel,  lights,  or  washing.  These 
prices  would  not  certainly  be  considered  extravagant  at  the 
present  day. 

Attached  to  the  Seminary  we  find  there  was  a  prepar- 
atory school,  designed  to  prepare  young  ladies  for  enter- 
ing the  seminary,  and  continued  through  the  ye^r  except 
during  vacations.  This  school  was  taught  by  Mrs.  Em- 
erson and  Miss  Z.  B.  Cheever  at  fifty  cents  per  week. 


A   NOTICE    OF   SAUGUS    SEMINARY.  79 

The  institution  grew  rapidly  in  favor  and  seemed  to  have 
reached  its  zenith  of  fame  and  usefuhiess  about  1823-4. 

Although  ^Ir.  Emerson  was  the  acknowledged  precep- 
tor it  was  understood  that  he  was  largely  indebted  to  Mrs. 
Emerson,  who  was  a  lady  of  much  culture  and  refinement. 
At  that  period  the  Seminary  numl^ered  one  hundred  and 
twenty-three  pupils  on  its  catalogue,  embracing  among 
them  many  of  the  very  elite  of  jMassachusetts.  N.  V. 
Willis  had  two  sisters,  one  of  whom  was  Fanny  Fern, 
since  the  wife  of  James  Parton  the  celebrated  biograj)her  ; 
also  Miss  Flint,  who  afterwards  married  Daniel  P.  King, 
member  of  Congress  for  the  Essex  District.  ]\Iiss  Dust  in 
too,  who  we  think  became  the  wife  of  Eben  Sutton,  and 
who  so  deeply  interested  herself  in  the  library  of  the  Pea- 
body  Institute,  as  well  as  two  sisters  of  Dr.  Alexander  H. 
Yinton,  were  pursuing  their  studies  there  at  the  time  spo- 
ken of.  Cornelius  C.  Felton,  afterward  President  of  Har- 
vard College,  was  at  this  time  chore-hoy  iov^lw  Emerson. 
We  may  state  in  this  connection  that  the  remains  of  Pres- 
ident Felton's  parents  and  other  members  of  the  family 
lie  in  the  cemetery  of  the  old  "third  parish"  near  the  site 
where  the  seminary  stood. 

After  Mr.  Emerson  left.  Rev.  Mr.  Wilbur  taught,  and 
after  that,  Mrs.  Wait.  But  the  troubles  which  sprang  up 
in  the  religious  society  of  which  this  seminary  was  an  off- 
shoot, and  a  sickness  that  became  epidemic  about  this 
time,  affected  it  unfavorably,  and  it  waned,  sickened  and 
died. 

After  the  Universalists  obtained  a  majority  of  votes  in 
the  parish  and  had  taken  possession  of  the  "fund"  and 
church  parsonage,  the  other  wing,  comprising  many  of  the 
original  subscribers  to  the  seminary,  attempted  to  wor- 
ship in  the  school-house.     But  they  were  harassed  by  those 


80  A  NOTICE   OF   8AUGUS   SEMINARY. 

who  had  legal  possession  :  the  windows  were  taken  out, 
and  the  would-be  worshippers  put  up  sheets  and  blankets, 
as  a  protection  against  the  weather ;  but  they  finally  aban- 
doned it  though  not  until  the  matter  had  been  argued  in 
court  by  Rufus  Choate  for  the  Universalists,  and  Salton- 
stall  and  Merrill  for  the  others,  the  whole  matter  culmina- 
tinof  in  one  of  the  most  vexatious  lawsuits  and  bitterest  re- 
ligious  controversies  and  feuds  of  the  day,  the  seeds  of 
which  are  still  rankling,  and  it  may  be  properly  classed  as 
the  smartest  fight  that  grew  out  of  the  Unitarian  and 
Trinitarian  schism. 

It  seems  that  the  building  was  placed  on  the  land  of  the 
society  "during  their  pleasure."  After  the  separation,  the 
Universalists,  then  the  proprietors,  notified  the  owners  of 
the  seminary  to  move  it  off"  their  land.  This  was  refused, 
thinking  they  had  the  right  of  an  easement  under  the  terms 
of  the  societies'  votes.  But  it  was  in  law  adjudged  other- 
wise, and  the  society  held  possession  from  the  fact  that  the 
stockholders  neglected  to  remove  it  within  a  specified 
time.  The  bell,  which  was  a  very  fine  one,  was  sold  in 
1854,  and  soon  after,  Mr.  Edwin  Jeffers  purchased  the 
building  and  converted  it  into  a  dwelling-house. 


HISTORICAL   COLLECTIONS 


ESSEX  INSTITUTE 


Vol.  XIX.        April,  May,  June,  1882.        Nos.  4,  5,  6. 


THE  FISHER-PLANTATION  AT  CAPE  ANNE. 


Bt  Herbert  B.  Adams. 


Early  in  the  year  1624  Robert  Cushman,  the  chief  bus- 
iness agent  of  the  Pilgrim  fathers,  wrote  Governor  Brad- 
ford from  England :  "We  have  tooke  a  patente  for  Cape 
Anne."^  This  patent,  which  may  be  seen  in  the  library  of 
the  Essex  Institute  at  Salem,  was  issued  by  Lord  Sheffeild, 
a  member  of  the  Council  for  New  England,  to  the  asso- 
ciates of  Robert  Cushman  and  Edward  Winslow,  the  latter 
having  been  sent  to  England  in  1623  in  the  interests  of 
Plymouth  Colony.  The  patent  gave  "free  liberty,  to  ffish, 
fowle,  hawke,  and  hunt,  truck  and  trade"  in  the  region  of 
Cape  Anne.  Five  hundred  acres  of  land  were  to  be  re- 
served "for  publig  vses,  as  for  the  building  of  a  Towne, 
Scholes,  Churches,  Hospitalls"  and  for  the  maintenance  of 
such  ministers,  magistrates,  and  other  local  officers  as 
might  be  chosen  by  the  corporation.     Thirty  acres  of  land 

»  Bradford,  History  of  Plymouth  Plantation,  160. 
HIST.  COLL.  XIX  6  (81) 


02  THE   FISHEK-PLANTATION   AT    CAPE   ANNE. 

were  to  be  allotted  to  every  person,  young  or  old,  who 
should  come  and  dwell  at  Cape  Anne  within  the  next 
seven  years.  These  allotments  were  to  be  made  "in  one 
entire  place,  and  not  stragling  in  dy  vers  or  remote  parcells." 
The  whole  grant  was  not  to  exceed  one  and  a  half  miles 
in  length  along  the  water  front.  A  yearly  rent  of  twelve 
pence  were  to  be  paid  Lord  Sheffeild  for  every  thirty  acres 
occupied.  Authority  was  given  to  make  laws  and  ordi- 
nances for  the  government  of  the  plantation  and  to  repel 
intruders  by  force  of  arms. 

Such  was  the  legal  basis  for  the  settlement  and  defence 
of  an  English  town  upon  Cape  Anne,  where  Gloucester 
was  afterwards  built.  In  these  provisions  for  local  gov- 
ernment, schools,  churches,  hospitals,  freehold  land  tenure, 
and  commons  for  public  use,  we  recognize  the  leading  in- 
stitutions which  have  entered  into  the  town-life  of  New 
England.  The  idea  of  all  these  institutions  originated  in 
Old  England,  and  ancient  statutes  of  the  realm  are  full  of 
legislation  regarding  them.  Even  the  Yankee  disposition 
to  truck  and  trade,  to  hunt  and  fish,  was  inherited  from 
a  nation  of  traders  and  adventurers,  and  by  them  from 
their  Germanic  forefathers.  English  commerce  and  Eng- 
lish colonies  sprang  primarily  from  the  amber-dealing 
tribes  of  the  Baltic  and  sea-roving,  colonizing  bands  of 
Northmen.  The  spirit  of  Saxon  and  Norman  enterprise 
dawned  upon  New  England  from  shores  beyond  the 
ocean. 

But  the  Fisher  Plantation  at  Cape  Anne  proved  for  the 
Pilgrims  a  failure,  partly  because,  as  Bradford  says, 
"they  made  so  pore  a  bussines  of  their  fishing  ;"^  and 
partly  because  of  the  exorbitant  charges  by  English  mer- 
chants  for   advancing  colonial   goods.       Bradford  says, 

a  Bradford,  197. 


THE   FISHER-rLANTATION   AT     CAPE    ANNE.  83 

"they  put  40  in  ye  hundred  upon  them,  for  profite  and 
adventure,  outward  bound  ;  and  because  of  ye  venture 
of  ye  paiment  homeward,  they  would  have  30  in  ye  hun- 
dred more,  which  was  in  all  70  per  cent  !"^  The  audacity 
of  these  shop-keepers  who  wrote  their  "lovinu:  friends" 
about  '*ye  glorie  of  God  and  the  furthrance  of  our  coun- 
trie-men"  is,  however,  less  amazing  than  the  fearless  en- 
terprise of  the  colonists  who  dared  to  assume  such  finan- 
cial burdens,  and  actually  succeeded,  in  a  few  years,  in 
paying  off  a  debt  of  £2,400.  They  did  it  by  an  extensive 
fur-trade  with  the  Indians,  wdiom  they  paid  in  wampum, 
the  value  of  which  the  Pilgrims  had  learned  from  Dutch 
traders,  and  the  art  of  manufacturing  which  from  qua- 
haugs  and  periwinkles,  they  probably  acquired  from  the 
Narragansetts.* 


»  Bradford,  201.  James  Shirley,  one  of  the  English  capitalists,  writing  to  Gov- 
ernor Bradford,  says:  "It  is  true  (as  you  write)  that  your  ingagments  are  great, 
not  only  the  purchass,  but  you  are  yet  necessitated  to  take  up  y  stock  you  work 
upon  ;  and  that  not  at  G  or  8  per  cent,  as  it  is  here  let  out,  but  at  30,  40,  and  some 
at  50  per  cent.  whi(!h,  were  not  your  gaines  great,  and  GocUs  blessing  on  your  honest 
indeaours  more  then  ordinarie,  it  could  not  be  y'  you  should  longe  subsiste  in 
y  maintaining  of,  &  upholding  of  your  worldly  affaires"  (Bradford,  2'28-l)).  Such 
facts  are  very  solid  testimony  in  favor  of  the  business  energy  of  tlie  Pilgrim 
fathers. 

*"That  which  turned  most  to  tlieir  profite,"  says  Bradford  (234)  "was  an 
entrance  into  the  trade  of  Wampanipeake  "  (wompam  and  peag).  They  learned 
the  value  of  this  kind  of  currency  from  the  Dutch  wiio  "  tould  them  how  vendable 
it  was  at  their  forte  Orania"  (Fort  Orange,  or  Albany).  The  Pilgrims  l)ought 
£.'>0  worth  of  this  shell  money  from  the  Dutch,  and  introduced  it  in  payment  for 
beaver  and  other  peltry,  among  the  inland  tribes  of  New  England,  and  at  the 
Plymouth  trailing  post  on  the  Kennebec.  "At  first",  says  Bradford,  very  naively, 
"  it  stuck,  &  it  was  2  years  before  they,  [i.  e.  the  Plymouth  i)eople]  could  put  of 
this  small  quantity,  till  y  inland  people  knew  of  it;  and  afterward  they  could 
scarce  ever  gett  enough  for  them,  for  many  years  togeather."  We  have  been  told 
by  a  local  antiquary  in  Plymouth  that  the  Pilgrims  established  a  manufactory  of 
fiat  wampum  upon  Plymouth  beach.  Probably  they  got  the  idea  from  the  Rhode 
Island  Indians,  "for,"  as  Bradford  says,  "ye  Narigansets  doe  geather  ye  shells  of 
which  yey  make  it  from  their  shors"  (23.5).  Compare  Hubbard's  History  of  New 
England,  to  100;  Wheildon's  Curiosities  of  History,  32;  Arnold's  Ilhode  Island, 
I,  81;  Collections  of  Rhode  Island  Hist.  Soc,  iii,  20  et  seq.  There  appear  to  have 
been  two  sorts  of  shell-money ; 'the  black  or  dark-purple,  wliich  was  ma<le  from 
quahaugs  or  round  clams,  and  the  white,  which  was  made  from  the  stem  of 
periwinkles.    J.  Hammond  Trumbull  says  "tcompam  was  the  name  of  the  white 


84  THE   FISHER-PLANTATION  AT    CAPE   ANNE. 

English  speculators  were  not  slow  to  realize  the  pos- 
sible advantages  which  might  accrue  from  an  occupation 
of  the  stern  and  rock-bound  coast  of  New  England. 
Even  before  the  issue  of  the  Cape  Anne  patent  to  men  of 
Plymouth,  certain  merchants  from  the  west  of  England, 
especially  of  Dorchester,^  had  sent  their  agents  to  catch 
fish  ofi"  the  promontory  of  Cape  Anne,  which  in  1614  had 
been  named  "Tragabizanda  "  by  Captain  John  Smith  "  for 
the  sake  of  a  lady  from  whom  he  received  much  favor 
while  he  was  a  prisoner  amongst  the  Turks, "^  but  which 
soon  gracefully  yielded  to  the  baptismal  name  of  the  con- 
sort of  King  James.  In  1624,  encouraged  by  the  fame  of 
New  Plymouth  and  by  the  Rev.  John  White  of  Dorches- 
ter, the  merchants  of  that  neighborhood  sent  over  sundry 
persons  to  carry  on  a  regular  plantation  at  Cape  Anne, 
"conceiving  that  planting  on  the  land  might  go  on  equally 
with  fishing  on  the  sea."  John  Tylly  was  appointed 
overseer  of  the  fisheries  and  Thomas  Gardener,  of  the 
plantation,  at  least  for  one  year.  At  the  end  of  that  time, 

beads  collectively;  when  strung  or  wrought  in  girdles,  they  constituted  waumpeg 
....  The  English  called  all  peag,  or  strung  beads,  by  the  name  of  the  white, 
wampom,"  see  pp.  140,  175-7,  of  his  edition  of  Roger  Williams,  "  Key  into  the 
language  of  America,"  Publications  of  the  Narragansett  Club,  vol.  i.  This  remark- 
able treatise  by  Roger  Williams,  which  may  also  be  found  in  the  Collections  of 
the  Rhode  Island  Hist.  Soc.  vol.  17-163,  contains  a  chapter  on  Indian  Money 
or  "  Coyne,"  which  is,  perhaps,  the  most  authentic  source  of  original  information 
concerning  this  subject.  Other  notices  may  be  found  in  Wood's  New  England's 
Prospect  ii,  cap.  3;  Lechford's  Plaine  Dealing,  (Trumbull's  ed.  1867)  116;  and 
Josselyn's  Account  of  Two  Voyages  to  New  England  (ed.  1865)  110-11.  The  latter 
eays  the  Indians  work  out  their  money  "  so  cunningly  that  neither  Jew  nor  devil 
can  counterfeit." 

6  Hubbard,  General  History  of  New  England,  105. 

^Ihid.  Compare  Capt.  John  Smith's  description  of  New  England  (ed.  1865)  17, 
where  we  find  "Cape  Trabigzanda"  given  as  the  old  name  of  "Cape  Anne."  Else- 
where, 44,  he  speaks  of  "  the  faire  headland  Tragabigzanda."  However  the  Turkish 
beauty  would  have  spelled  her  name  if  she  had  had  a  chance,  it  is  quite  certain 
that  Princess  Anne  of  Denmark  (1589-1619),  daughter  of  Frederic  II,  spelled  hers 
with  an  "e."  The  Patent  was  for  "Cape  Anne"  and  the  older  writers  all  have 
it  so.  Thornton  also  adopts  this,  the  true  historic  form.  Although  Cape  Ann  is 
now  sanctioned  by  popular  usage,  it  is  nevertheless  a  kind  of  slipshod  vulgarism, 
like  Rapidan  for  Rapid  Ann,  Mary  Ann  for  Marianne  or  Mariana. 


THE    FISHER-PLANTATION   AT    CAPE    ANNE.  85 

Roger  Conant  was  made  governor.  The  little  colony 
appears  to  have  sheltered  itself  under  the  protection  of 
the  Plymouth  patent.'  Captain  John  Smith,  in  his  Gen- 
erall  Historie,  which  was  published  in  1624,  with  an  ab- 
stract of  Mourt's  Relation,  says  "by  Cape  Anne  there  is  a 
plantation  a  beginning  by  the  Dorchester  men,  which 
they  hold  of  those  of  New  Plimoth,  who  also  by  them 
have  set  up  a  fishing  worko."® 

A  quarrel  soon  broke  out  between  the  two  parties.  In 
the  absence  of  the  Plymouth  fishermen,  some  Dorchester 
employes,  under  the  command  of  one  Mr.  Hewes,  came 
over  to  Cape  Anne  and  took  possession  of  a  fishing  stage 
built  by  Plymouth  people  the  year  before.  Captain 
Standish  and  his  men  came  up  and  peremptorily  de- 
manded the  restoration  of  the  staging.  The  occupants 
barricaded  themselves  upon  it  w  ith  hogsheads,  while  the 
Captain's  party  stood  threatening  upon  shore.  The  dis- 
pute grew  hot,  says  Hubbard,  and  high  words  passed  be- 
tween the  opposing  parties.  The  afftiir  might  have  ended 
in  blood  and  slaughter,  if  it  had  not  been  for  the  prudence 
and  moderation  of  Governor  Conant,  who  promised  the 
Plymouth  men  that  another  staging  should  be  built  for 
them.  Hubbard's  pious  condemnation  of  Standish,  Avho 
undoubtedly  had  justice  on  his  side,  is  an  unconscious 
satire  upon  "  the  unco  guid  "  spirit  which  pervades  early 
New  England  history.  "  Captain  Standish  had  been  bred 
a  soldier  in  the  Low  Countries,  and  had  never  entered  the 
school  of  our  Savior  Christ,  or  of  John  the  Baptist,  his 
harbinger,  or,  if  he  was  ever  there,  had  forgot  his  first 
lessons,  to  oflfer  violence  to  no  man,  and  to  part  with  the 


» Thornton,  Landing  at  Cape  Anne,  for  text  of  Patent  and  interesting  obsei-va- 
tlons  thereon,  31-47. 

«  Smith,  Generall  Historie,  247.  Cf.  Bradford,  Hist,  of  Plymouth  Plantation, 
note  by  Mr.  Deane,  160. 


'86  THE   FISHER-PLANTATION   AT    CAPE   ANNE. 

cloak  rather  than  needlessly  contend  for  the  coat,  though 
taken  away  without  order.  A  little  chimney  is  soon 
fired ;  so  was  the  Plymouth  captain,  a  man  of  very 
little  stature,  yet  of  very  hot  and  angry  temper.  The 
fire  of  his  passion  soon  kindled  and  blown  up  into  a 
flame  by  hot  words,  might  easily  have  consumed  all,  had 
it  not  been  seasonably  quenched."^  The  conduct  of  Stand- 
ish,  instead  of  being  reprehensible,  appears  to  have  been, 
on  the  whole,  remarkably  forbearing. 

Hubbard  also  speaks  in  rather  contemptuous  terms  of 
the  Plymouth  title  to  Cape  Anne  as  "a  useless  Patent. "^^ 
It  was  the  only  legal  basis  that  the  Cape  Anne  colony 
ever  hud,  but  it  is  truly  remarkable  that  the  Dorchester 
intruders  should  have  asserted  the  right  of  defence,  which 
the  patent  gave  the  Plymouth  people  and  their  associates, 
against  the  real  owners  of  the  soil  and  have  finally 
expelled  them  altogether.  This  was  the  virtual  conclu- 
sion of  the  whole  matter :  the  Plymouth  people  went  off 
to  the  Kennebec  in  1625,^^  and  the  Dorchester  men  re- 
mained in  possession  of  Cape   Anne.     There  was  more 

»  Hubbard,  110-11.    Of.  Bradford,  196.  "  Hubbard,  110. 

"In  the  latter  part  of  the  above  year  the  Plymouth  people  sent  a  boat-load  of 
Indian  corn  up  the  Kennebec  river,  and  brought  home  700  lbs.  of  beaver  skins,  be- 
sides other  peltry.    Bradford,  204. 

In  the  year  1627,  Plymouth  colony  sent  Mr.  Allerton  to  England  with  "what 
beaver  they  could  spare  to  pay  some  of  their  ingagements,  &  to  defray  his  chargs ; 
for  those  deepe  interests  still  keptethem  low.  Also  he  had  order  to  procure  a  patente 
for  a  fitt  trading  place  in  ye  river  of  Kenebeck;  for  being  emulated  both  by  the 
planters  at  Piscataway  &  other  places  to  ye  eastward  of  them,  and  allso  by  ye 
fishing  ships,  which  used  to  draw  much  proflte  from  ye  Indeans  of  those  parts, 
they  [the  Plymouth  peoi)le]  threatened  to  procure  a  grante,  <^  shutte  them  out  from 
thence:  ei^petially  alter  they  saw  them  so  well  furnished  with  commodities,  as  to 
carie  the  trade  from  them  [Plymouth].  They  thought  it  but  needful  to  prevente 
such  a  thing,  at  least  that  they  might  not  be  excluded  from  free  trade  ther,  wher 
them  selves  had  first  begune  and  discovered  the  same,  and  brought  it  to  so  good 
eflfecte."  We  perceive  by  this  extract  from  Bradford's  History  (221-2)  that  the 
Pilgrim  Fathers  were  wise  in  their  own  generation.  With  the  Kennebec  trading- 
post  in  mind,  Messrs.  Bradford,  Standish,  Allerton,  Winslow,  Brewster,  Howland, 
Alden,  and  Prince  hired  the  trade  of  Plymouth  colony  for  a  term  of  six  years, 
assumed  all  the  debts  of  the  corporation,  bought  off  the  Merchant  Adventurers 
(retaining  the  aid  of  a  few  of  the  more  honorable  capitalists),  and  thus  placed  the 
aff"airs  of  New  Plymouth  upon  a  good  business  foundation.    Bradford,  22G-32. 


THE  nSHER-PLANTATION   AT    CAPE   ANNE.  87 

method  in  the  above  seizure  of  the  Plymouth  staging  than 
would  appear  from  Hubbard's  account.  It  seems  from 
Bradford's  version  of  the  affair  that  certain  of  the  mer- 
chant adventurers,  Avho  had  fitted  out  the  Plymouth  col- 
ony, were  now  trying  to  dislodge  them  from  their  fishing 
station.  Already  factions  had  arisen  among  the  English 
company,  and  "  some  of  Lyfords  &  Oldoms  friends,  and 
their  adherents,  set  out  a  shipe  on  fishing,  on  their  owne 
accounte,  and  getting  ye  starte  of  ye  ships  [of  Plymouth] 
that  came  to  the  plantation,  they  tooke  away  their  stage, 
&  other  necessary  provisions  that  they  had  made  for  fish- 
ing at  Cap-Anne  ye  year  before,  at  their  great  charge, 
and  would  not  restore  ye  same,  excepte  they  would  tight 
for  it."  12 

The  first  foundation  of  ]\Iassachusetts  was  for  the  same 
end  as  the  first  occupation  of  the  islands  of  Venice,  namely, 
for  fishery.  There  is  a  more  general  truth  than  is  usual- 
ly imagined  in  the  story  told  in  Cotton  Mather's  Mag- 
nalia  of  the  Puritan  minister  who  once  ventured  to  address 
a  congregation  of  fishermen  at  Marblehead.  He  was  ex- 
horting them  to  be  a  religious  people,  otherwise,  he  said, 
you  will  contradict  the  main  end  of  planting  this  wilder- 
ness. "Sir,"  said  one  of  the  fishermen,  "you  are  mis- 
taken. You  think  you  are  preaching  to  the  people  at 
the  Bay.  Our  main  end  was  to  catch  fish"  I^^  Without 
doubt,  both  Pilgrims  and  Puritans  had  religious  motives 
in  coming  to  America,  but  they  had  also  secular  motives. 
As  English  colonists  under  English  law,  they  came  to  plant 
civil  as  well  as  religious  society,  and  they  distinguished 
more  sharply  between  things  civil  and  ecclesiastical  than 
is  commonly  supposed.  Moreover,  the  investment  of 
English   capital   in  the  colonial  enterprise  of  both   Pil- 

"  Bradford,  193.    Cf.  169,  note, 
u  Young,  Chronicles  of  Mass.,  G. 


S8  THE  FISHER-PLANTATION  AT    CAPE   ANNE. 

grims  and  Puritans  cannot  be  explained  upon  religious 
grounds.  The  prospective  fur-trade  and  fisheries  procured 
financial  support  for  Plymouth  and  Massachusetts.  When 
Pilgrim  agents  were  soliciting  King  James  for  a  colonial  pa- 
tent, he  inquired  what  profits  might  arise.  "Fishing,"  they 
replied  laconically.  "So  God  have  my  soul,"  said  the  King, 
"'tis  an  honest  trade;  'twas  the  Apostles'  own  calling."^* 
But  fishing  never  proved  very  profitable  to  Plymouth  in 
early  times.  The  Pilgrims  had  such  constant  bad  luck 
that  it  became  proverbial,  "a  thing  fatal. "^^  Bradford 
said  they  "had  all  way  lost  by  fishing.  "^^  Their  chief  bus- 
iness success  lay  in  trading  wampum  and  Indian  corn  for 
beaver-skins  and  other  peltry.  On  the  other  hand,  not 
merely  the  material  support  but  the  original  motive  for 
the  Cape  Anne  Colony,  which  was  the  first  foundation  of 
Massachusetts,  lay  chiefly  in  the  fisheries.  "During  the 
whole  lustre  of  years,  from  1625",  says  Hubbard,  "there 
was  little  matter  of  moment  acted  in  the  Massachusetts, 
till  the  year  1629,  after  the  obtaining  the  Patent ;  the 
former  years  being  spent  in  fishing  and  trading  by  the 
agents  of  the  Dorchester  merchants,  and  some  others  of 
West  Country." ^^  Long  previous  to  1625  "the  foresaid 
merchants  .  .  .  yearly  sent  their  ships  thither"^  to  Cape 
Anne  for  purposes  of  fishing.  The  idea  of  a  permanent 
plantation  there  was  suggested  by  the  prosperity  of  Ply- 
mouth, but  the  plantation  was  to  be  mainly  in  aid  ^^  of  the 
fisheries.  Fishing  continued  to  be  and  has  always  been 
the  chief  interest  at  Cape  Anne.  It  was  for  the  possession 
of  this  vantage  ground  that  the  Pilgrims  and  Dorchester 
employes  were  rivals. 

The  planters  of  Cape  Anne,  who  professed  themselves 


'4  Young's  Chronicles  of  the  Pilgrims,  383.       i^  Bradford,  168.       "  Ibid,  262. 

"  Hubbard,  110.  is  j^id,  106. 

"  White,  Planter's  Plea,  in  Young's  Chron.  of  Mass.,  5-6. 


THE    FISHER-PLANTATION    AT    CAPE    ANNE.  89 

"servants  of  the  Dorchester  Company"'^  were  by  no  means 
irreligious  men.  They  leaned,  however,  more  towards 
the  Church  of  England  than  toward  the  Separatism  of 
Plymouth.  Hubbard  says  "the  Adventurers,  hearing  of 
some  religious  and  well-affected  persons,  that  were  lately 
removed  out  of  New  Plymouth,  out  of  dislike  of  their 
principles  of  rigid  Separation  (of  -which  number  Mr. 
Roger  Conant  was  one,  a  religious,  sober,  and  prudent 
gentleman  .  .  .)  they  pitched  upon  him  for  the  managing 
and  government  of  all  their  affairs  at  Cape  Anne.  .  .  . 
Together  with  him,  likewise,  they  invited  Mr.  Lyford, 
lately  dismissed  from  Plymouth,  to  be  the  minister  of  the 
place  ;  and  Mr.  Oldham,  also  discharged  on  the  like  account 
from  Plymouth,  was  invited  to  trade  for  them  with  the 
Indians.  All  these  three  at  that  time  had  their  dwelling  at 
Nantasket.  Mr.  Lyford  accepted,  and  came  along  with 
Mr.  Conant.  Mr.  Oldham  liked  better  to  stay  where  he 
was  for  awhile,  and  trade  for  himself,  and  not  become  lial)le 
to  give  an  account  of  his  gain  or  loss.  But  after  a  year's 
experience,  the  Adventurers,  perceiving  their  design  not 
like  to  answer  their  expectation,  at  least  as  to  any  i)resent 
advantage,  threw  all  up  ;  yet  were  so  civil  to  those  that 
were  employed  under  them,  as  to  pay  them  all  their 
wages,  and  proffered  to  transport  them  back  whence  they 
came,  if  so  they  desired. "^^ 

The  Cape  Anne  experiment  thus  proved  a  failure  for 
the  Dorchester  merchants,  as  it  had  done  for  the  Pilgrim 
fathers.  It  would  obviously  be  quite  as  unfair  to  ascribe 
to  base  and  material  motives  the  failure  of  the  merchants 
in  planting  a  sterile  shore  as  it  would  to  ascribe  to  spirit- 
ual considerations  the  failure  of  the  Pilgrims  in  fishing  a 
barren   sea.     The  Dorchester  merchants  appear  to  have 

'»  Thornton,  Landing  at  Cape  Anne,  68, 59;  see  depositions  of  Woodbury  and 
Brackenbury.  '»  Hubbard,  106-7. 

HIST.   COLL.  XIX  6* 


90  THE    FISHER-PLANTATION    AT    CAPE    ANNE. 

been  very  honorable  and  generous  men.  The  Reverend 
John  White,  whom  Hubbard  calls  "one  of  the  chief  foun- 
ders of  the  Massachusetts  Colony,"^  was  associated  with 
them  as  a  stock-owner  (as  he  probably  had  been  with  the 
capitalists  who  fitted  out  the  Plymouth  colony^^  )  although, 
as  Wood  tells  us,  he  "conformed  to  the  ceremonies  of  the 
Church  of  England."^*  The  explanation  of  the  failure  of 
the  Cape  Anne  enterprise  is  not  to  be  sought  in  the  char- 
acter of  the  men,  for  a  better  set  of  coh)nists  never  trod 
the  shores  of  the  New  World  than  the  Old  Planters  ^^  who 
left  the  unproductive  Cape  and  founded  the  town  of  Sa- 
lem. The  plain  fact  is  that  the  spot  originally  chosen 
was  a  poor  one  for  a  new  plantation.  Roger  Conant  never 
liked  the  place,  and  soon  began  to  make  inquiries  for  one 
more  commodious,  which  he  found  a  little  southwest- 
ward  from  Cape  Anne,  upon  the  further  side  of  a  creek 
called  Naumkeag.  Cape  Anne  was  consequently  aban- 
doned, but  it  was  the  stepping-stone  to  Salem. 

22  lUd,  107. 

23  Bradford's  Letter-Book,  Collections  of  Mass.  Hist.  Soc,  1st  series,  iii,  48,  for 
list  of  Plymouth  adventurers.    Cf.    Bradford's  History,  note  by  the  editor,  213. 

24  Young's  Chronicles  of  Mass.,  26,  note. 

26  The  best  account  of  the  antecedents  and  belongings  of  the  Old  Planters  «»f 
Salem  may  be  found  in  George  D.  Phippen's  article  upon  this  subject  in  the  Hist. 
Coll.  of  the  Essex  Institute,  i,  97  et  seq.  Thornton's  Landing  at  Cape  Anne  is 
also  a  pioneer  effort  in  this  interesting  field  of  Massachusetts  beginnings.  The  stu- 
dent of  Hubbard  would  naturally  infer  that  only  four  or  five  men  removed  with 
Roger  Conant  from  Cape  Anne  to  Naumkeag,  but  Mr.  Phippen  shows  tliat  there 
were  more  than  a  dozen  emigrants.  He  gives  the  following  list;  Roger  Conant, 
(governor),  John  Lyford  (minister),  John  Woodbury  (who  became  the  first  con- 
stable of  Salem),  Humphrey  Woodbury,  John  Batch  (ancestor  of  the  Beverly 
Balches),  Peter  Palfrey  (progenitor  of  the  historian  of  New  England),  Capt.  Traske 
(ancestor  of  W.  B.  Traske  of  Dorchester,  who  lately  transcribed  the  Suffolk  Deeds), 
William  Jeffrey,  John  Tylly,  Thomas  Gardner,  William  Allen,  Thomas  Gray,  Wal- 
ter Knight,  Richard  Norman  and  his  son  of  the  same  name,  which  clings  yet  to 
the  reef  of  Norman's  Woe,  where  one  of  the  family  was  lost.  Compare  Thorn- 
ton's list  (Landing  at  Cape  Anne,  63).  Mr.  Phippen  thinks  that,  including  men, 
women  and  children,  there  must  have  been,  at  least,  thirty  people  in  the  little  mi- 
gi-ation  which  colonized  Salem.  The  colony  at  Cape  Anne,  he  conjectures,  num- 
bered not  far  from  fifty  persons.  White,  in  his  Planter's  Plea,  says,  ''In  building 
houses  the  first  stones  of  the  foundation  are  buried  underground  and  are  not  seen." 
We  shall  find  the  Old  Planters  veiy  lively  stones  in  the  upbuilding  of  Salem. 


PARISH  LIST  OF  DEATHS  BEGUN  1785. 


RECORDED  BY  WILLIAM  BENTLEY,  D.  D.,  OF  THE  EAST  CHURCH,  SALEM,  MASS. 


[Continued  from  page  39,  Tart  1,  Vol.  XIX.] 
DEATHS   IN    1817. 

1127.  Jjin.  8.  Susanna,  of  Henry  Sail  ward.  Aged,  78 
years.  She  had  been  infirm.  A  woman  of  good  endow- 
ments. She  was  a  Batten  and  married  first,  in  1762,  at 
22,  Josiah  Beadle,  by  whom  she  had  two  daughters  who 
survived  her.  The  eldest  married  a  Gwinn,  the  young- 
est, widow  of  eJohn  Dale.  Lived  with  first  husband  thir- 
teen years.  Time  in  second  marriage  three  years.  Henry 
Sauward  was  from  York,  Me.,  and  died  in  that  part  of 
the  country.     Turner  street,  between  Derby  and  Essex. 

1128.  Feb.  12.  Thomas  King.  Dropsy,  34  years. 
Came  from  New  Brunswick,  N.  J.,  to  Salem.  Died  in 
his  chair  while  sitting  at  work.  The  first  I  buried  from 
the  new  house. 

1129.  Feb.  24.  Mary,  of  James  and  Hanna  Standon. 
Atroph.  inf.,  3  weeks.  Child  appeared  from  birth  very 
feeble.  She  a  Perkins ;  he,  at  sea,  a  foreigner.  One 
child  left.     Derby  street,  between  Daniels  and  Hardy. 

1130.  Feb.  27.  Sara  Timothy,  dau.  of  Jonathan 
and  Mary  Mason.  Dropsy  in  head,  15  years.  Named 
after  the  Timothys  of  So.  Carolina.  He  died  in  1808. 
First  wife  a  King,  who  died  in  1792  and  left  three  chil- 
dren. One  daughter  lives,  a  Brooks.  Second  wife  a 
King,  five  children,  now  two  sons  and  two  daughters. 
Vine  street,  between  Elm  and  Liberty,  Mason  house. 

1131.  Mar.  4.  William  Peele,  a  cooper.  Inflamma- 
tion(?),  rupture,  etc.,  79  years.  Married  Jan.,  1762,  at 
24  years,  Elizabeth  Becket,  dau.  of  John,  by  whom  he 

(91) 


92  bentley's  record  of  deaths. 

had  five  children,  all  living;  one  son  Kobert  and  four 
daughters,  two  married,  two  widows.  Time  in  marriage 
fifty-five  years.  Worthy  man.  Went  to  sea,  but  spent 
his  life  as  here  at  his  trade.  His  father  a  tailor  in  the 
centre  of  the  town.     Becket  street  on  Becket's  estate. 

1132.  Mar.  8.  Mary,  dau.  of  Capt.  John  Becket. 
Consumption,  27  years.  She  has  suflfered  long,  and  very 
much  for  seven  years.  Her  father  died  in  1804,  her  sis- 
ter Elizabeth,  who  married  a  Waters,  in  1809,  at  same 
age,  and  her  brother  John  in  1816,  news  received  in 
March.  One  child  by  first  wife,  son  and  daughter  by 
second,  none  by  third.  She  by  Ingersoll,  second  wife. 
Becket's  court  near  Becket  street. 

1133.  Mar.  15.  Sara,  widow  of  Nathaniel  Knight. 
Aged,  S6  years.  She  a  Mascoll,  dau.  of  John  and  Sara, 
bapt.  Jan.  23,  1732.  Left  a  son  Capt.  N.  Knight  and 
two  daughters  Lethart  and  Ostrum.  Lived  with  her 
son  for  many  years  in  Deacon  Prince's  house,  corner 
of  Bath  and  Pleasant,  old  house.  Her  sister-in-law, 
Martha  P.,  widow  of  S.  Silsbee,  born  same  year.  Pleas- 
ant street. 

1134.  Mar.  17.  Mary  Tozzer,  maiden  dau.  of  Eb- 
enezer  and  Abiel.  Suddenly,  67  years.  She  has  left 
a  sister,  and  brother  William  and  sister-in-law  a  Patter- 
son, widow,  married  a  Lane.  Her  mother  died  at  88 
years  of  age,  and  her  grandmother  at  103.  For  thirty 
years,  the  deceased  was  the  faithful  companion  of  her 
mother.     Orange  street. 

1135.  Apr.  21.  Susanna,  of  William  Becket.  Aged, 
94  years.  She  was  a  Fowler  of  Ipswich.  Family  re- 
moved to  Newmarket.  Married,  at  22,  and  lived  six- 
teen years  in  married  life.  Lived  a  widow  fifty-six  years 
with  her  dau. -in-law.  Had  eight  children,  none  living. 
Has  many  of  her  posterity  in  New  England.  Her  sister, 
mother  pf.  wife  of  John  Norris.     See  D.  B,     Husband, 


bentley's  record  of  deaths.        93 

ship  carpenter.     She  died  in  Ash  street.     Most  of  life  in 
east  part  of  the  town. 

1136.  Apr.  23.  Hannah,  dau.  of  Samuel  and  Mary 
Mannini^.  Aged,  78  years.  Richard  Manning,  esq.,  a 
brother  and  three  sisters  lived  a  long  life  together.  This 
the  last  and  they  have  left  a  great  estate  to  the  family  of 
Hodges.  Elizabeth  died  in  1801,  tet.  72;  Richard  Man- 
ning, esq.,  in  1811,  set.  80;  Margaret,  in  1813,  aged 
79  ;  Jacob  in  1815,  set.  78.  Their  eldest  sister  Mary 
married  John  Hodges,  in  1749.  Essex  street,  between 
Curtis  and  Herbert. 

1137.  June.  News  of  the  death  of  George  Shaw, 
in  the  care  of  John  Hunt.  At  sea,  16  years.  He  was 
adopted  by  this  worthy  man  and  wife  from  her  relations, 
being  without  children.  They  educated  him  well  and 
with  good  hopes.  The  ship  had  just  left  Java  on  the 
voyage  homeward,  taken  sick  and  soon  died.  The  first 
time  at  sea.     Bath  street,  the  house  of  J.  Hunt. 

1138.  June.  News  of  the  death  of  Thomas  Dean, 
son  of  John  and  Christiana  Ward.  Fever  abroad,  17 
years.  At  Matanzas,  Cuba.  It  has  been  very  sickly  on 
these  islands.  Taken  after  landing,  perhaps  after  eating 
fruit  freely.  The  first  time  at  sea.  John,  son  of  John. 
Christiana,  dau.  of  Capt.  Thom.  Dean  by  his  second  wife 
a  Cash.  They  have  two  children  left,  one  son.  The 
mother  a  woman  of  great  ambition.     Carlton  street. 

1139.  June.  News  of  the  death  of  Nathaniel,  son  of 
Samuel  and  Rebecca  Silsbee.  Lost  at  sea,  23  years. 
Drowned  Sept.  14,  1816,  when  six  days  from  port.  They 
have  one  son  and  three  daughters  left.  Two  married  out 
of  town.  She  a  Patten.  His  mother  a  Prince  living  still. 
Webb  street. 

1140.  July  6.  Lydia,  widow  of  Capt.  Ebenezer 
Pierce.  Dropsy,  77  years.  She  was  a  Brown,  married 
at  25,  and  lived  twenty  years  ia  married  life.     Her  hus- 


94  bentley's  record  of  deaths. 

band  died  at  sea  in  1784.  Her  sister  Berry  died  from 
same  house,  at  the  same  age,  77,  Oct.  14,  1815.  Two 
children  left.  Two  children  of  son  living,  one  missing, 
grandchildren,  great-grandchildren  and  son's  widow. 
Her  daughter  Odlin  had  the  charge  of  her.  Turner 
street. 

1141.  Jul}^  12.  Female  child  of  Samuel  and  Abigail 
Derby.  From  laudanum,  3  months.  Administered 
through  mistake.  She  a  dau.  of  widow  of  Nicholas  Lane 
by  a  former  husband  Buflfum.  Three  children  left,  one 
son.     Blaney  street,  below  Essex  and  Becket. 

1142.  Aug.  10.  Sara,  widow  of  Capt.  Timothy  Wel- 
man.  Apoplexy,  58  years.  She  a  Wyatt,  married  at 
18  ;  time  in  marriage  thirty-three  years.  She  had  been 
much  of  a  domestic  woman.  Her  father  and  mother  died 
in  1796.  W.  Wyatt,  the  son,  in  1794,  and  her  husband 
Timothy  in  1810.  His  father  died,  at  91,  in  1787,  mother 
in  1811  and  Adam  in  1786.  Six  children  left,  three  males. 
Derby  street  between  Daniels  and  Hardy. 

1143.  Aug.  13.  Edward  Gibaut,  son  of  Kobert  and 
Rebecca  Stone.  Teething,  13  months.  The  child  ex- 
tremely thrifty,  but  the  real  disorder  probably  unknown. 
She  a  dau.  of  Capt.  John  Osgood,  Brown  street.  He  son 
of  Robert  Stone  and  Anstis  Babbidge.  Six  children  left. 
This  the  first  they  have  lost.  Essex  street,  Brown  house, 
cor.  of  Walnut  street. 

1144.  Aug.  18.  Widow  Lydia  Alexander.  Apo- 
plexy, 78  years.  She  a  Woodhull,  dau.  of  wife  of  I. 
Babbidge.  Married,  first,  at  17,  a  Lander,  with  whom 
she  lived  three  years ;  time  in  second  marriage  six  years. 
Daughter  by  last  husband.  One  daughter  married  a  Fran- 
cis with  seven  children,  six  females.  She  had  been  a 
widow  fifty  years, 

1145.  Aug.  25.  Capt.  Robert  Stone.  Apoplexy,  73 
years.     Married,  in  1772,  at  28,  Anstis  Babbidge,  dau. 


bentley's  record  of  deaths.  95 

of  C.  and  Anstis  Babbitlge.  Mother  a  Crowninshield. 
He  of  Benjamin  and  Elizabeth.  He  was  a  chairman  of 
the  committee  of  proprietors  of  East  meeting-house. 
Taken  on  Thursday  night.  The  affection  was  in  the  throat, 
and  mofet  powerful  means  empl()3^e(l.  He  ceased  to  speak 
or  swallow  on  the  next  night  and  lay  insensible  until  he 
expired,  Monday,  10  a.  m.  Two  children  left,  son  and 
daughter.  Daughter  widow  of  And.  Dunlap.  Hardy 
street  near  the  East  meeting-house. 

1146.  Aug.  25.  iNIary  Ann  of  William  and  Sara 
Bates.  Atroph.  inf.,  14  months.  She  a  dau.  of  John 
Forbes.  Mother  married  a  Whittemore.  Husband 
abroad  at  sea.  His  father  upon  the  theatre  in  Boston. 
Two  children  left,  males.     Essex,  cor.  of  Pleasant  street. 

1147.  Aug.  26.  Ann  Elizabeth  of  Capt.  Kichard  and 
Lydia  Ward.  Inflammatory  fever,  2  years,  9  months. 
The  third  daughter.  She  a  Kobinson  of  Lynn.  He  has 
just  returned  from  New  Orleans,  intending  to  settle  there. 
Her  father  has  removed  from  Lynn  to  Boston.  His  father 
living  and  at  the  funeral.     Carlton  street. 

1148.  Sept.  1.  Benjamin  D.,  son  of  Benjamin  and 
Elizabeth  Chandler.  Convulsions,  11  years.  His  mother 
a  Dean.  Father  absent.  Only  child.  Hardy  street, 
near  meeting-house. 

1149.  Sept.  8.  Moses  Gage,  of  Moses  and  Nancy 
Hobson.  Atroph.  inf.,  15  months.  Only  child.  He 
from  Rowley,  a  cai-penter.  She  a  Masury,  gr.  dau.  of 
Deacon  W.  Brown.     Andrew  street. 

1150.  Sept.  11.  Abigail,  widow  of  Nathaniel  Rogers. 
St.  Anthony's  fire,  53  years.  She  a  Dodge  of  Ipswich, 
married  at  21,  and  lived  fifteen  years  in  married  life.  In 
adverse  circumstances  came  to  Salem,  was  a  distinguished 
school-mistress  and  educated  her  children  well.  Four 
sous  survive  her  in  Salem,  Nathaniel,  John,  Richard  and 


96  bentley's  record  of  deaths. 

William.     He   a   son   of    Rev.  N.    Rogers    of    Ipswich. 
Lynde  street. 

1151.  Sept.  15.  John  Patterson.  Fever,  35  years. 
A  grandson  of  Deacon  Webb.  Married,  at  21,  Susanna 
Eulen,  granddaughter  of  Capt.  ;  time  in  marriage 
fourteen  years.  Sick  before  he  landed,  reached  home, 
seized  with  delirium  and  so  expired.  Left  six  children, 
one  son.     Derby  street. 

1152.  Sept.  15.  Elizabeth,  dau.  of  Zachariah  and 
Sara  Silsbee.  Atroph.  inf.,  9  mos.  He  a  son  of  Capt. 
N.  Silsbee,  and  brother  of  Nathaniel,  Member  of  Con- 
gress, and  of  William.  She  a  dau.  of  Capt.  F.  Boardman, 
and  sister  of  Mary  Crowninshield,  wife  of  B.,  Secretary 
of  the  Navy.  Pleasant  street,  east  gate  of  Washington 
Square. 

1153.  Sept.  15.  Martha,  widow  of  Samuel  Silsbee. 
Aged,  86  years.  She  a  dau.  of  John,  son  of  Deacon 
Richard  Prince,  married  at  24,  and  lived  forty-seven  years 
in  marriage.  A  pleasant,  faithful  and  worthy  woman. 
Very  active  for  her  years  until  near  the  close  of  life. 
Her  husband  died  Dec.  1803,  set.  73.  Left  three  chil- 
dren, one  son,  daughter  a  Sage,  and  Read.  Daniels  street 
in  Daniels'  house,  corner  upon  Essex  street,  near  meeting- 
house. 

1154.  Sept.  24.  Joseph,  son  of  Joseph  and  Sara 
Newell.  Atroph.  inf.,  4  years  4  months.  The  child  from 
a  full  habit  became  emaciated  in  a  short  time.  Physicians 
explained  nothing.  She  a  Dunckley.  They  have  three 
children,  one  male.  Essex  street  between  Becket  street 
and  court. 

1155.  Oct.  8.  Male  child  of  Judah  and  Eliza  Dodge 
Atroph.  inf.,  6  days.  She  a  Perveare  of  Hampton  Falls 
and  a  relative  of  Edward  of  Boston.  Her  family  from 
Isle  of  Jersey.     His  trade  a  mason.     They  have  lost  many 


bentley's  record  of  deaths.  97 

children  young.     She  a  very  healthy  woman,  he  more  feeble. 
Three  children  left,  one  son.     English  street. 

1156.  Oct.  8.  David  of  John  and  Sara  Becket.  Fe- 
ver, atroph.,  23  months.  The  child  long  sick  and  fever 
upon  fever.  Father  died  at  sea.  (See  Mar.  2,  1816.) 
She  a  daughter  of  Deacon  James  Browne  l)y  Masury. 
Two  children  left,  one  male.  Brown  street  on  Pleasant 
street. 

1157.  Oct.  9.  Male  child  of  John  C.  and  Priscilla 
Clemens.  Fever,  etc.,  6  months.  She  a  Burroughs  and 
has  four  children  living,  one  son.  He,  by  a  former  wife 
Bright,  three,  one  son.  They  belong  not  to  this  part  of 
the  town  and  have  moved  to  the  last  house,  formerly  Per- 
kins' on  Manning's  lot.  Belongs  to  the  Branch.  Essex 
street,  near  Neck  Gate. 

1158.  Oct.  21.  Mary  of  John  and  Jane  Stickney. 
Dropsy,  24  years.  Father  from  Newburyport.  Mother 
a  Chapman  from  Newbury.  Eight  children  left,  six  males, 
two  females.  Family  unknown  to  me  till  this  event. 
Webb  street. 

1159.  -  Oct.  23.  Franfis,  of  Jeremiah  and  Elizabeth 
O'Connor.  Fever,  4  years.  Catholics  living  among  us. 
A  female  child  of  same  parents  burned  in  May,  1816. 
He  from  Ireland.  She  a  Longeway.  Two  children  left, 
one  male.  Dalrymple's  B.  near  old  Neck  Gate.  Essex, 
opp.  English  street. 

1160.  Oct.  25.  Samuel,  son  of  Samuel  and  Lydia 
Leach.  Fever,  20  years.  Both  his  grandmothers  living. 
Mother,  dau.  of  W.  Becket.  Four  children  left,  two 
males.     Turner  street,  below  Derby. 

1161.  Oct.  30.  Male  child  of  William  and  Elizabeth 
Crispin.  At  birth.  He  of  Salem.  They  have  one  male 
child  left.     St.  Peter's  street,  below  Church. 

1162.  Nov.    1.     Male  child  of  Benjamin   and  Mary 

HIST.    COLL.  XIX  7 


98  bentley's  record  of  deaths. 

Blanchard.  Atrophy,  1  year.  He  from  Woburn,  for- 
merly a  butcher.  Has  been  troubled  with  rheumatism 
and  lost  the  best  use  of  one  hand.  She  from  Beverly,  an 
Adams,  second  wife.  They  have  eight  children  left,  five 
sons.     Dalrymple's  Building,  Essex  street,  opp.  English. 

1163.  Nov.  26.  Capt.  George  Crowninshield.  An- 
gina pectoris,  51  years.  He  returned  in  the  Cleopatra, 
Oct.  3.  Was  soon  after  afflicted  in  the  breast,  complained 
to  his  friend,  died  on  the  barque  at  Crowninshield's  wharf 
in  the  arms  of  his  servant  Hanson.  Six  brothers  began 
life  together  and  this  is  the  third  of  the  six  departed. 

1164.  Dec.  2.  John  Ward,  formerly  master  of  a  ves- 
sel, shipkeeper.  Drowned,  51  years.  He  was  attending 
a  vessel  on  W.  side  of  Crowninshield*s  wharf;  was  found 
with  his  lantern  on  east  side,  not  accounted  for.  Son  of 
John  and  Bethia;  married,  at  29,  Christiana,  dau.  of 
Capt.  Thomas  Dean,  living  in  married  life  twenty-two 
years.  His  father  died  in  1789.  Grandfather  kept  the 
tavern  of  Lynn,  Old  Road.  Lost  a  son  in  June,  1816. 
One  son  and  daughter  left.     Carlton  street. 

1165.  Dec.  11.  Female  child  of  Francis  and  Eliza- 
beth Goss.  Atroph.  inf.,  14  months.  Child  long  sick. 
She  a  dau.  of  James  Becket.  His  father  Thomas  Goss, 
a  Spaniard.  Came  young  to  America.  One  child  left, 
male.  Father  a  maiiner.  Near  Universal  meeting-house, 
Rust  street. 

DEATHS  IN   1818. 

1166.  Jan.  13.  Susanna,  wife  of  Capt.  Benjamin 
Dean,  mariner.  Fever,  71  years.  She  was  a  dau.  of 
James  and  Mary  Collins,  married  at  23,  and  lived  forty- 
eight  years  in  marriage.  Baptized  in  1747.  Mother  a 
Becket,  dau.  of  John.     He  a  brother  of  late  Capt.  Thomas 


I 


bentley's  record  of  deaths.  99 

Dean.  Two  daughters  married,  one  a  Hunt,  another  a 
Chandler.  Four  children  left.  Old  Dean  House,  Hardy 
street,  near  meeting-house. 

1167.  Feb.  10.  William  Greaves,  from  Ireland. 
Consumption,  35  years.  Catholic.  Died  in  the  Charity 
House  after  a  short  time.  Came  to  Massachusetts  Sept. 
22,  1816  and  to  Salem  Aug.  11,  1817,  from  Demerary,  a 
stranger. 

1168.  Feb.  13.  Mary,  widow  of  Deacon  William 
Browne.  Suddenly,  78  years.  She  was  a  Collins,  mar- 
ried in  Marblehead.  First  husband  an  Orne.  Time  in 
second  marriage  five  years.  She  lived  in  the  family  of 
Rev.  W.  Whitwell.  Was  a  woman  of  cheerful  tempera- 
ment and  excellent  disposition.  Was  on  a  visit  in  Mar- 
blehead. Buried  in  Salem  in  the  family  tomb.  Deacon 
Browne  died  in  1811.     Curtis  street. 

1169.  Feb.  23.  Thomas  G.  Day.  Suddenly,  38 
years.  Married,  at  37,  a  Benyon  with  three  children. 
Time  in  marriage  five  months.  He  had  a  complaint  like 
angina  pectoris.  Was  at  his  work  three  days  before  he 
died.  Had  been  in  America  several  years.  Had  parents, 
brethren  and  sisters  in  Ireland.     Daniels  street  near  Derby. 

1170.  Mar.  25.  Jacob,  of  Kichard  and  Ann  Crown- 
inshield.  Atrophy,  13  months.  She  from  Ireland,  he  a 
son  of  George  Crowninshield  of  Salem.  Child  died  at 
the  farm  in  Danvers,  first  Epes,  then  Derby,  then  Crown- 
inshield &  sons.  One  mile  above  the  lower  meeting- 
house.    They  have  eight  children  left,  four  males. 

1171.  Mar.  30.  News  of  the  death  of  Andrew  Pal- 
fray  at  Smyrna.  Small  pox,  23  years.  Son  of  Mr. 
Richard  Palfray,  late  of  Salem.  Three  sons  of  Richard 
Palfray  left  and  one  daughter  Nancy.  The  sister  Nancy 
widow  Pierce  and  lives  in  the  Mansion  House.  Two 
brothers  abroad.  Derby  street,  H.  of  Blaney  street,  near 
Becket. 


100  bentley's  recokd  of  deaths. 

1172.  Apr.  10.  News  of  the  death  of  Nathaniel  Kich- 
ardson,  son  of  Nathaniel  and  Eunice,  at  Malaga,  Spain, 
Jan.  21.  Fever,  48  years.  Of  good  natural  powers. 
Deaf  in  youth.  Had  been  unsuccessful  in  business,  and 
had  at  last  established  himself  in  Malaga,  Spain. 

1173.  April  27.  Abigail,  widow  of  Capt.  Edward 
Gibaut.  Aged,  74  years.  She  was  a  Yell  and  was  sec- 
ond wife  to  Capt.  E.  G.  She  had  been  brought  up  in 
Capt.  G's  family  and  lived  in  the  family  when  his  first  wife 
died  and  was  much  esteemed.  Her  first  husband  a 
Whittemore.  His  first  wife  Sara  Crowninshield.  Time 
in  second  marriage  eight  years.  Capt.  Gibaut  died  in 
1803,  set.  75.      Andrew  street, 

1174.  May  7.  Nancy,  widow  of  Nathaniel  Brown. 
Dropsy,  70  years.  Married  at  22,  and  lived  eleven  years 
in  marriage.  Her  mother  a  Meservey,  family  name  Wel- 
man.  She  has  three  sisters.  One  married  Capt.  John 
Osgood,  another  Obear,  one  single.  She  has  been  infirm 
for  a  long:  time.  Lived  and  died  at  her  son-in-law's  W. 
Lane.  Derby  street,  west  side,  east  corner  of  upper 
Turner  street. 

1175.  May  17.  Kuth,  widow  of  Francis  Rust. 
Cramp  in  stomach,  78  years.  She  was  sister  of  Richard 
Manning  who  died  Apr.  19,  1812.  Married  at  58,  lived 
in  Ipswich  and  about  the  time  of  her  brother's  death  removed 
into  his  family  in  Salem.  Third  wife  to  Francis  Rust. 
Time  in  marriage  five  years.  Was  of  retired  life.  Was 
in  her  chair  when  she  died.     Herbert  street. 

1176.  May  17.  Sara  E.  W,  S.,  dau.  of  James  W. 
and  Lydia  Stearns.  Fever,  14  months.  The  child  indis- 
posed a  short  time.  She  an  Emerson  of  Topsfield,  gr. 
dau.  of  Rev'd  Emerson  of  that  place.  Two  children 
left,  one  son.     Boston  street. 

1177.  June  1.  Frederick  M^cCormick,  late  from  Ire- 
land.   Fever,  50  years.    He  was  a  Catholic,  but  in  person 


101 

to  me  unknown.    He  had  no  kindred  near  him  and  became 
one  of  the  state  poor,  and  died  in  our  Charity  House. 

1178.  June  5.  Male  child  of  Benjamin  and  Mary 
Patterson.  Atroph.  inf.,  9  months.  She  a  dau.  of  Major 
Barnes.  He  long  sick  and  in  decline,  a  son  of  my  wor- 
thy friend  W.  Patterson.  Mansion  house  of  his  father. 
Not  blessed  in  his  children.     Herbert  street. 

1179.  June  17.  William  Dunn,  cordwainer,  from 
Ireland.  Consumption,  35  years.  He  had  not  long  since 
arrived,  and  had  been  employed  in  N.  H.  Penitentiary  to 
teach  his  art.  Was  invited  from  Portsmouth  to  Salem  to 
work  at  his  trade.  He  soon  found  his  condition,  put 
himself  under  public  charity  and  died  in  a  few  days. 

1180.  June  17.  Isaac  Williams,  from  New  York,  of 
African  parents.  Consumption,  23  years.  Was  spoken 
well  of,  while  here.  Had  lately  come  to  Salem  and  was 
among  the  State's  poor,  when  sick. 

1181.  June  19.  Richard,  son  of  Samuel  and  Anna 
Masury.  Consumption,  20  years.  She  a  dau.  of  Dea- 
con W.  Brown.  The  father  died  in  April,  1805,  oet.  40, 
and  left  five  children,  two  sons ;  now  one  son  and  three 
daughters  remain.  Two  are  married,  Hobson  and  Sloa- 
cum.     Andrew  street. 

1182.  June  24.  Child  of  Jeremy  and  Elizabeth 
O'Connor.  Atrophy,  3  weeks.  She  a  granddaughter  of 
the  aged  Mrs.  Rhue,  neutral  French,  aet.  90.  Buried  a 
child  23  October  last.  Essex  street  near  old  Neck  Gate, 
Dalrymple's  Buildings. 

1183.  June  25.  Benjamin  Blanchard  from  Woburn. 
Apoplexy,  59  years.  He  had  been  in  better  circumstances. 
Had  been  at  hard  labor  on  the  day  before.  (See  Nov.  1 
last.)  Twice  married;  second  wife  dau.  of  Capt.  Adams 
of  Beverly.  Left  seven  children.  Essex  street  near  old 
Neck  Gate,  Dalrymple's  Buildings. 


102  bentley's  record  of  deaths. 

1184.  June  27.  Nathaniel  Langley,  at  the  Hospital. 
Consumption,  37  years.  Just  returned  from  sea,  sick, 
and  died  soon  after  landing.  Wife  named  Fanny.  Mar- 
ried at  25  and  lived  twelve  years  in  marriage.  Wife  and 
^ye  children  in  Salem,  not  long  resident. 

1185.  July  8.  Capt.  Benjamin  Patterson.  Consump- 
tion, 41  years.  Was  taken  with  bleeding  at  the  lungs 
last  April.  Was  the  only  surviving  child  of  my  friend 
Capt.  W.  Patterson.  Married,  at  22,  a  Barnes.  Time 
in  marriage  fifteen  years.  Left  four  children,  two  sons 
and  two  daughters.     Herbert  street. 

1186.  July  24.  John  of  John  and  Sara  Becket. 
Worms,  5  years.  She  a  Brown,  dau.  of  James.  Mother 
a  Masury.  One  child  left,  a  daughter.  Brown  street, 
corner  of  Pleasant,  N.  E.  of  the  Common. 

1187.  July  2S,  Lucy,  widow  of  Larrabee.  Obstruc- 
tion, 44  years.  She  was  a  Bickford,  married  at  20  and 
lived  nine  years  in  married  life.  Was  in  the  family  of 
A.  Donaldson  who  married  a  Peele  and  they  supported 
her  during  a  long  sickness ;  confined  ten  months.  Sister 
married  a  Knapp.  Left  one  child,  a  daughter.  Becket 
street. 

1188.  Aug.  1.  Mary,  wife  of  Capt.  William  Ropes. 
Dropsy,  57  years.  She  was  a  dau.  of  Deacon  W.  Brown 
by  his  first  wife  Mercy  White,  married  in  1755.  Col.  W. 
Ropes  her  son.  She  married,  at  19,  and  lived  thirty-eight 
years  in  married  life.  A  worthy  woman.  Left  three  sons 
and  five  daughters.     Curtis  street. 

1189.  Aug.  18.  William  Southward,  son  of  George 
and  Abigail.  Complication,  28  years.  Long  sick. 
Father  and  mother  survive  him.  His  mother  a  Foot,  dau. 
of  Pasca  F.  Five  children  left  to  them,  three  sons  and 
two  daughters.  Essex  street,  between  Turner  and  Carl- 
ton. 

1190.  Aug.    25.     Sara,    widow    of    George    Leach. 


bentley's  record  of  deaths.  103 

Dropsy,  76  years.  She  a  Trask  of  Beverly,  married  at 
18,  and  lived  twenty-three  years  in  married  life.  Hus- 
band of  Beverly,  Captain.  Has  left  two  aged  sisters, 
widows,  Porter  aged  78  and  Hutchinson  aged  74.  The 
sisters  have  been  very  upright  women.  Two  children  left, 
one  son  Samuel,  boatbuilder,  and  daughter,  widow  Waters. 
Church  street,  Hardy's  house  near  Ship  Tavern. 

1191.  Aug.  28.  Sara,  wife  of  William  Lovelock. 
Consumption (  ?),  29  years.  She  a  Day  from  Gloucester, 
and  married  first,  at  18,  a  son  of  Major  Rice  of  Portsmouth, 
by  whom  she  had  two  children  ;  time  in  first  marriage  six 
years,  time  in  second  marriage  one  year.  Her  father, 
mother  and  several  sisters  in  Salem.  Essex  street,  opp. 
East ;  house  in  the  name  of  Joseph  on  the  old  Becket  lot. 

1192.  Sept.  21.  Frederick  Francis,  of  Capt.  Wil- 
liam and  Mary  Allen.  Dysentery,  2  years  4  months. 
He  from  Manchester.  She  a  Palfray.  They  have  built 
on  the  west  part  of  the  Hardy  lot.     Hardy  below  Derby. 

1193.  Sept.  21.  Eliza  Shedlock,  dau.  of  Timothy 
and  Sara  Welman.  Consumption,  17  years  9  months. 
Father  and  mother  dead.  Eldest  brother  lives  in  Maine, 
youngest  sick  at  home.  Two  sisters  remain.  Derby 
street  between  Hardy  and  Daniels. 

1194.  Sept.  25.  George,  of  George  and  Elizabeth 
Hodges.  Dysentery,  8  months.  He  a  son  of  George 
Hodges ;  wife  a  Welcome,  and  her  mother  a  Lambert. 
One  child  left.  Hardy  street,  below  Derby,  on  Turner's 
lot. 

1195.  Sept.  26.  News  of  the  death  of  William  Eu- 
len,  at  sea.  Fever,  33  years.  Married,  at  25,  Mary 
Cooke,  and  lived  eight  years  in  married  life.  His  mother 
dau.  of  Capt.  John  Battoon.  Left  three  children,  sons. 
The  family  live  in  the  house  of  their  father,  near  Crown- 
inshield  wharf. 


104  bentley's  record  of  deaths. 

1196.  Oct.  11.  Female  child  of  William  Babbidge. 
Atroph.  inf.,  18  months.  He  a  son  of  Christopher 
Babbidge.  She  a  dau.  of  M.  and  Mary  Bateman,  she  a 
Batten.  They  have  four  children,  one  female.  Turner 
street,  on  the  Bateman  estate. 

1197.  Oct.  15.  Capt.  John  Allen,  son  of  Capt.  Ed- 
ward Allen.  Complication,  28  years.  Married,  at  21, 
Hanna,  dau.  of  William  Allen,  with  whom  he  lived  six 
years.  She  died  Sept.  10,  1816.  Kindred  by  marriage. 
Two  children  left,  one  son  and  daughter.  Was  some  time 
in  Marine  Hospital.  Brought  to  Salem  on  the  9th  of 
Oct.  and  died  on  the  12th.     Norman  street. 

1198.  Oct.  15.  John  Peters,  son  of  Capt.  John  Pe- 
ters. Lost  at  sea,  20  years.  Left  in  the  Albatross  from 
Falkland  Isles  with  oil,  Aug.  30,  lat.  N.  34°,  long.  50°. 
Washed  overboard  with  captain,  four  saved,  seven  lost. 
The  father  from  the  Peters  family  of  Essex.  His  second 
wife  an  Archer,  first  a  Skerry.  He  lives  on  the  Skerry 
estate.  Bridge  street. 

1199.  Oct.  21.  Elizabeth  White,  of  William  and 
Elizabeth  Carlton.  Consumption,  19  years.  An  excel- 
lent young  woman.  Her  grandfather  brother  to  Hanna 
Carlton  with  whom  I  live.  His  first  wife  a  Palfray.  The 
granddaughter  educated  with  her  uncle  White  and  named 
for  her  aunt  White,  a  Stone.  Essex  street,  above  New- 
bury. 

1200.  Oct.  27.  Mary  Edward,  dau.  of  Samuel  and 
Lydia  Leach.  Throat,  10  years.  The  mother  dau.  of 
W.  Becket.  Grandmother,  90  years  of  age.  He  buried 
his  mother  last  August,  set.  76.  Their  son  Samuel  bur- 
ied Oct.,  1817,  set.  20  years.  Son  and  daughter  living, 
very  feeble.     Turner  street,  below  Derby. 

ITo  be  continued.'} 


EXTRACTS  FROM  THE   TOWN   RECORDS   OF   WENHAM, 

MASS.,  COPIED  FOR  PUBLICATION  BY  TUE 

ESSEX  INSTITUTE*. 


COMMUNICATED  BY  WELLINGTON  POOL. 


The  2  day  of  ye  first  month  1642. 

There  is  giueu  vnto  Wenham  Twenty  acres  of  ground 
being  laid  out  of  eyther  side  of  y^  meeting  house.  Ten 
Acres  giuen  by  ]\P  Smith  out  of  his  fearme  &  laid  out  by 
him  begining  w*'*  the  bounds  at  y^  vpper  end  of  Phinehas 
Fiske  Lott  &  soe  to  y^  swampe ;  &  the  other  Ten  acres 
giuen  by  M^  John  ffiske  being  laid  out  Joyneing  to  it  on 
y®  other  s^  of  y*^  meeting  house  : 

It  is  ordered  &  Agreed  vpon  at  this  o'*  meetinge  y*"  such 
as  haue  any  ground  graunted  of  that  w*'^'  is  giuen  to  y*^ 
Towne  w^^'  lyes  about  y*^  meetinge  house,  such  shall  Come 
&  Hue  vpon  it  themselues,  &  if  not  to  lay  it  downe  to  y*^ 
plantation,  &  if  any  shall  build  vpon  it  &c.  &  after  re- 
moue  themselues  &  make  sale  of  the  same  it  is  ordered 
that  the  Plantation  shall  haue  the  first  pfare  &  giue  there 
Answere  in  a  short  time  before  they  make  sale  of  it  to  any 
other. 

12  Day  of  y«  3  °'<> :  1643. 

There  is  graunted  Two  Acres  of  Ground  by  y"  Meeting 
house  to  M*".  Hubbard  for  y®  easem'  of  his  family  vpon 

y®  Conditions  specified  in  y®  former  Order 

4  Day  of  y«  lO'"^  :  1643: 

Esdras  R(r)ead  is  graunted  Two  Acres  by  y®  meeting 
house,  according  to  y®  fformer  order  specify ed 


iJn  these  extracts,  everything  not  found  in  the  original  is  printed  in  italics; 
doubtful  words  and  those  portions  which  were  torn  are  enclosed  within  brackets; 
in  a  few  cases  where  the  orthography  might  seem  to  be  at  fault,  parentheses  are 
used  to  indicate  that  such  is  a  true  copy  of  the  Record. 

HIST.   COLL.  XIX  7*  (105) 


106  THE   TOWN   RECOEDS   OF   WENHAM. 

The  23  Day  of  y«  4""*> :  1644 
Eichard  Goldsmith  haue  two  Acres  Graunted  by  the  meet- 
ing house  to  dispose  of  w*^^  way  he  please. 

Christopher  Yongs  haue  Two  acres  graunted  by  y® 
meeting  house  according  to  y*  order  made  y®  2  day  of  y® 
1™«:  1642. 

[  ]m^l9:  4°^:  165 [3] 

[  ]  was  chosen  ybr  the 

year  (  ?)  insuing  to  keep  the  dogs  out  of  the  meet- 

ing Aowse  :  and  if  he  doth  it  truly  for  euery  doge  that  he 
doth  driue  out  he  shall  haue  six  pence  per  yer  for  a  doge. 
The  Towne  Rate  made  this  yere  1653  :      .     . 

For  the  bell  wch.  is  behind  paim*     1     19     0 

Mending  the  meeting  house  0       16 

Giuen  to  y«  College  :  1653  : 


M'-  ffiske 

B 

13 

James  Moulton 

06 

Phinehas  ffiske 

06 

Esdras  Read 

J! 

05 

Eichard  Dodge 

2 

00 

Edw.  Kempe 

0 

10 

George  Biam 

0 

05 

Robt  Gowinge 

0 

02 

6 

Tho:  ffiske 

0 

03 

Dan^  Kilham 

0 

02 

6 

Edmund  Patch 

0 

03 

Jo :  Shipely 

0 

03 

Richard  Hutton 

0 

02 

6 

Rice  Edwards 

0 

01 

6 

w™.  Singleton 

0 

03 

0 

Jo  ffiske 

0 

05 

0 

neh.  Howard 

0 

03 

0 

w"".  G(a)re 

0 

03 

0 

THE   TOWN  RECORDS   OF   WENHAM.  107 


Jo  :  Kilham 

0 

02 

0 

Richard  Goldsmith 

0 

02 

6 

G.  Spoldinge 

0 

02 

0 

w'".  ffiske 

0 

10 

0 

Austen  Kilham 

0 

06 

0 

G.  Rogers 

0 

00 

6 

Saiii :  ffoster 

0 

02 

0 

At  this  town  meeting  this  first  of  Janeuary  1654.   .  . 

It  is  Allso  ordered  y*  by  y®  Last  of  p^'sent  month  eu- 
ery  inhabitant  within  this  towne  shall  make  full  paiment 
to  M*".  Fiske  in  manner  and  matter  y*^  full  sume  w^''  they 
were  Rated  for  y^  yeere  Now  past  &  in  case  any  pson 
shall  be  Defectiue  John  fiske  hath  heerby  Granted  him 
full  power  to  destraine  for  y^  satisfiing  y^  said  ingeag- 
ment  &  for  euery  ones  discharge  they  are  to  bring  a  dis- 
charge from  M"".  fiske  vnto  y^  Aforesaid  John. 
The  6  of  12  mo.  1654 

It  is  ordered  y'  y^  yeerely  maiiitainanc  of  our  minis- 
ter shall  be  fortie  pounds  a  yeere  whither  m^.  fiske  staye 
&  setell  amongst  Vs  or  we  pcure  another. 

Mr.  Gott  James  Moulton  &  John  fiske  are  Chosen  to 
goe  to  m'".  miller  to  give  him  a  Caull  to  Supply  m*".  fiske 
plac  in  Cause  he  leaveth  Us. 

1653. 

Ingagements  to  goodman  Haws  About  the  Mill. 

goodman  Waldron  00     03     00. 

Phinehas  ffiske  too  days  himself  &  too  oxen. 

goodman  Spaulding  p  too  days  workes. 

Richard  Goldsmith  A  day  &  hallf. 

John  Rogers  :  too  days  workes. 
i  goodman  Kemp  a  day  himself  man 
I  &  fowre  oxen. 

Austayn  Killam  too  days  workes. 

mark  batshelder  too  days  workes. 

Sargeant  foster  A  day  worke. 


108  THE   TOWN  RECORDS   OF  WENHAM. 

John  Aby  A  day  &  A  hallf. 

Richard  Huten  A  day  himself  &  his  Catel. 

Wily  am  Gear  A  day. 

John  ffiske  00     05     00. 

The  forfiture  due  to  the  Towne  this  yeere  taken  up  by 
Rob* :  Go  wing  according  to  y®  towne  order  Dated  the  9 
of  Febuary  1653. 


W"^.  ffiske 

3 

Edward  Kempe 

5 

Esdras  Read 

3 

Sergent  foster 

3 

Dan.  Kilham 

8 

Richard  Goldsmith 

2 

Edw  Waldinge 

1 

Tho  ffiske 

2 

Phinehas  ffiske 

2 

G :  moulton : 

3 

marke  batchelder 

1 

Mr  Gott 

X 

G  Geere 

2 

Goodman  Spoldinge 

6 

Good  button 

3 

Jo  shipely 

3 

31  Desember  1655. 

It  is  ordered  that  in  Case  m'^.  Brock  be  pcured  to 
staye  amongst  vs  whatsoeuer  the  towne  hath  ingaged  or 
shall  be  Leueied  vpon  any  Land  :  shall  be  paid  two  third 
pts  in  wheat  barly  or  peas  :  butter  or  porke  &  the  other 
third  :  pte  in  Indian  Corne — &  M'.  Got  phinehas  ffiske  & 
John  ffiske  are  Chosen  to  receiue  in  the  pay  for  M**. 
Brocks  Vse 

Att  a  Towne  meeting  this  6*^  of  12  mo.,  1656  it  or- 
dred  that  whereas  the  Towne  hath  Tak(ne)  into  Consider- 
ation the  grest  wante  of  a  minister  Amongst  vs  its  ther- 


THE   TOWN  RECORDS   OF  WENHAM.  109 

fore  ordered  :  that  M'.  Gott  &  James  Moulton  (is)  hereby 
Chosen  to  Endeau''  to  pcure  a  minister  &  to  p''sent  him 
with  the  pmise  of  45^  p  yere  for  his  yerely  maintainanc. 
At  a  towne  meetting  on  y®  8*^  of  Nouember  1657  there 
is  Agreed  by  a  Vnanimouse  Consent  of  (we)  whose  Names 
are  Vnderwritten  that  M'^.  Newmans  payment  for  this 
present  yeere  shall  be  as  followeth  viz :  for  the  Sune  & 
for  maner :  to  be  paid  one  halfe  in  wheat  or  equiuelent 
thereunto  &  the  other  halfe  in  Indian  Corne  at  marchantas 
price  : 


t 


£          8 

Kichard  Kimball 

3     0 

James  Moulton  Seni' 

•&Juni'^5     0 

Marke  Batchelder 

1  10 

Jo :  Batchelder 

0  15 

Tho:  fBske 

2  05 

Jo   ffiske 

3  00 

Henery  Kemball 

1  07 

Austen  Killim 

1  10 

Daniell  Killim 

2  00 

Mr.  Gott 

2  00 

Richard  Hutton 

2     5 

Jo :  Rogers 

0     8 

Jo:  Killim 

1  10 

Henery  Hagett 

1     4 

Jo  :  Abey 

1  05 

Edward  walderne 

1  00 

Phinehas  ffiske 

3  00 

Robert  Gowing 

1  05 

Richard  Goldsmith 

1  10 

Jo :  Fowling 

1  06 

Tho:  Whitte 

2  00 

Jo  Soolard 

2  05 

francis  Uselton 

1  14 

42:  19 


110  THE   TOWN  EECORDS   OF  WENHAM. 

The  six  following  names  are  written  on  the  page  oppo- 
site, and  preceding  the  page  on  which  the  foregoing  names 
are  written, 

[ 


Richard  Dodge  & 

£ 

4  00 

Robert  Cobrun 

Edmond  Patch 

0  06 

Humphery  Gilbert 

1  00 

Charles  Uezelton 

0     5 

Edward  Cobrun 

1     0] 

The  wheat  &  what  is  equiuelent  thereunto  within  three 
weeks,  at  Goodman  Moltons  &,  the  indian  vpon  Demand 
of  those  that  are  Deputed  to  gather :  in  the  said  payment. 

Also  James  Moulton  &,  Thomas  ffiske  are   Chosen  to 
Gathere  in  the  foresaid  Contribution  for  M^.  Newmans  Vse. 
the  4"^  11  mo.  57 

It  there  is  also  :  Vnanimasly  Voated  that  y®  towne  Shall 
allowe  towards  m"^  newmans  house  the  Sune  of  fortie 
pounds  sterling  &  ten  pounds  more  towards  the  pcureing 
of  other  accom(a)dations. 

3  of  11  mo:  1659 

its  Allso  Voated  that  ye  towne  shall  make  vp  what  o' 
Neigb"-^  Shall  contribute  to  o'^  ministers  maintainanc  for 
this  yeare  50^  to  be  paid  by  voluntary  inscription. 

Austen  Killim  &  marke  Batchelder  are  impowred  to 
Colect  M*".  Newmans  Contribution  for  the  Last  yeare  : 

Richard  Coye  &  Thomas  ffiske  are  Chosen  to  take  an 
accompt  of  our  Neigb'^^  what  they  will  allow  to  our  minis- 
ters maintainanc  &>  to  collect  his  said  maintainanc  for  this 


3  "  Our  Neigb"  "  here  and  elsewhere  referred  to,  undoubtedly  lived  in  "  Ipswich 
Hamlet"  (Hamilton)  and  are  referred  to  further  on,  as  "Our  Ipswich  Neighbors." 
They  attended  meeting  at  Wenham,  because  it  was  nearer  than  the  meetings  at 
Ipswich. 

W.  Pool. 


THE   TOWN   RECORDS   OF   WENIIAM. 


Ill 


yeare  that  is  to  saye  to  Demand  it  in  Case  of  Defect  of 
payment  &  to  Destraine  if  need  Require  &  the  towne  doe 
Agree  to  paye  in  their  ingagcments  At  M^  Newmans  house 
on  the  first  daye  of  february  next  Insuing. 
24^h  of  jt  12   month  165^. 

also :  its  orderd  that  y®  meeting  house  shal] 

forthwith  be  Couered  with  Boards  :  &  for  the  Defray eing 
of  the  Cost  the  Select  men  are  impowerd  to  make  A  rate 
for  that  end :   .   .   .   . 

There  is  granted  to  Mr.  Newman  A  strip  of  the  Towns 
Land  for  an  inlargement  to  his  yard  :  that  is  to  say  so 
much  as  hee  think  fitpuided  he  pre(dui)ce  not  the  Country 
road;  which  is  left  to  the  Descre(i)ton  of  John  ffiske  & 
richard  Coye  to  order. 

1659. 


.  .  .  An  Ingagement  of  the  town  to  M'".  Newman  for 

this  p^sent  yeere. 

Phinehas  ffiske 

£ 

2 

10 

to  Content. 

M"^   Gott 

3 

00 

Corn    or    equiuelent. 

Austen  Killim 

2 

00 

all  Corne. 

henery  Kemball 

1 

00 

half  Corne. 

Richard  Kemball 

3 

05 

to  Content. 

Richard  hutton 

2 

00 

Robert  Gowin 

1 

00 

James  Moultou  Sen*" 

3 

00 

to  Content. 

John  Dodge 

2 

15: 

i  parte  Corne. 

John  ffiske 

3 

00 

Daniell  Killim 

1 

10 

John  Soolard 

2 

00 

to  Content. 

John  Fowling 

1 

05 

in  Corne. 

John  Abey 

1 

05 

Corne  or  Cattle. 

mark  Batchelder 

1 

05 

to  Content. 

Richard  Goldsmith 

1 

05 

Corne. 

112  THE   TOWN   RECORDS   OF  WENHAM. 


James  Moulton  Juni*^ 

00 

to  Content. 

Alexander  Maxey 

02 

William  Geare 

05 

Edward  Walderne 

00 

henery  Hagett 

05 

Jn^  Killim 

05 

John  Batchelder 

00 

Abner  Ordwaye 

00 

Tho.  white 

00 

Eichard  Coye 

2 

10 

Tho.  ffiske 

2 

05 

[         ]     October  1660. 

its  ordered  that  there  shall  Be  a  new  meeting  house 
Built  24  foott  Square  &  12  foott  Stud :  the  old  meeting 
house  to  be  sold  ptly  to  defraye  the  Cost  &  the  Select- 
men are  impowered  to  put  it  out  to  the  Building  [^  <&  to 
make  the  rate  for  the  said  house'] 

[         ]     November  1660. 

Bichard  Kemball  &  Richard  Coye  are  Chosen  to  Joyne 
with  the  Selectmen  to  put  out  the  New  meeting  house  to 
the  building  &  to  make  a  rate  [for]  the  said  house.   .   . 
4*^  of  December  1660— 

its  orderd  y*  if  A  new  meeting  house  be  built  the  old 
shall  be  sold  ptly  to  Defraye  y*  said  Cost :  Viz :  as  farr 
as  it  will  goe  : 

M*^.  Gott  Austen  Killim  &  Richard  Kemball  are  Chosen 
to  act  in  the  towns  Behalfe  eyther  for  the  Building  of  a 
neew  meeting  house  or  elc  for  the  repairing  of  the  old 
which  they  shall  thinke  fittest :  wch  Cost  to  be  Defrayd 
according  to  the  subscription  made  for  the  said  worke — 
onely  as  aboue  said  the  old  house  is  to  be  sold  for  the  New 
if  they  shall  agree  to  Build  it  —  alwayes  puided  that  it  be 
wholly  finished  except  Seats  making. 

8  One  line  cut  (or  worn)  oflf  at  the  bottom  of  the  page  in  the  original. 


THE   TOWN   RECORDS   OF   WENHAM. 


113 


Austen  Killim 

0 

10 

Phinehas  ffisk 

01 

00 

Henery :  Haget 

00 

05 

Goodman  Moulton 

01 

10 

if  the  new 

10 

Goodman  A  bey 

00 

08 

Goodman  Gowin 

00 

08 

Goodman  walderne 

00 

04 

Henery  Kemball 

00 

10 

Goodman  Ordway 

\ 

to  a  new  house 

1 

00 

or  to  the  old 

00 

04 

Goodman  Powlin 

00 

10 

John  ffiske 

01 

00 

Daniell  Killim 

01 

00 

Eichard  huttn 

01 

00 

Richard  Coye 

00 

10 

James  Moulton 

Cto 

a  neew  house 

01 

00 

C  to  the  old  house 

00 

02 

William  ffiske 

00 

05 

Tho:  ffiske 

01 

00 

John  Soolard             " 

C  when  the  worke  is  Don 

C  if  before  he  remoue     1     00 
8^'»of  11  mo:  1660. 
....     Richard  Coye  &  tho  :  ffiske  are  Chosen  to  See 
that  M"^  Newmans  Contribution  be  paid  in  according  to  the 
inscripton  made  to  that  end. 

11"^  of  12  mo:  1660. 
its  orderd  that  in  Case  the  Comitie  Chosen  to  transact 
the  matter  in  the  towne  Behalfe  for  Building  or  repayreing 
the  meeting  house  Shall  thinke  meett  to  repayre  the  said 
house  the  Cost  shall  be  Defrayed  by  waye  of  rate  made  by 
the  said  Comitie.  .  .  . 

At  a  towne  meeting  6  of  IV^  1661. 
....  Granted  to  Edmund  Bridges  two  acres  of  land 


HIST.   COLL. 


XIX 


8 


114  THE   TOWN   RECORDS   OF   WENHAM. 

out  of  that  which  was  layed  out  to  the  meetuig  house  to 
be  his  &  his  heires  puided  he  staye  iu  the  towne  fowre 
yeres  &  in  Case  he  shall  remove  before  the  above  said 
term  be  expired  then  the  towne  shall  allowe  him  all  his 
Cost  that  he  shall  bestowe  vpon  it  &  the  land  to  returne 
to  the  towne  anything  in  this  Grant  notwithstanding  Vn- 
lese  he  the  sd  Edmond   shall  Dye  within  the  said  terme 

then  the  said  land  shall  be  his  heires  foreuer 

13  of  11  mo.  1661. 

its  Voated  that  M''.  Newmans  Contributon  for  this  p's- 
ent  yeere  shall  be  Gatherd  by  waye  of  Rate  :  which  Rate 
is  to  be   made  by  the   Selectmen  &   Richard   Huttn   & 

Thomas  ffiske 

At  a  towne  meeting  5*^  of  11  mo  :  1662. 

....  Also  :  its  aggreed  that  M*".  Newmans  Yeer  for 
Contribution  shall  be  accompted  from  maye  last :  to  be 
Gatherd  by  waye  of  Rate  made  by  the  Selectmen  &  Rich- 
ard huttn  &  Daniell  Killim. 

Its  also  orderd  y*  o**  meeting  house  shall  be  repaird  by  y*^ 
first  daye  of  July  next  Insueing  Viz  :  to  board  the  outsid 
&  ends  &  put  in  fowre  Ground-sils  &  Lath  the  Inn  sids  & 
ends  &  make  a  wholl  wall  of  Claye  :  plasterd  Vpon  the  laths 
all  Workmanlike  :  to  which  end  Richard  Kemball  Jn°.  ffiske 
James  fr(ei)nd  &,  Thomas  ffiske  are  Chosen  to  se  y*  the 
worke  be  Done  as  abouesd — the  towne  being  deuided  into 
fowre  pts :  &  euery  Squardarne  amongst  themselves  to 
agree  of  a  waye  for  the  Doeing  of  the  sd  worke  &  in  Case 
the  seuerall  Squarderna  Cannot  agree  of  a  waye  for  there 
pptoning  eaqually  then  the  other  three  men  Chosen  shall 
&  haue  hereby  power  to  deside  the  sd  Controuersie  & 
whoesoeuer  shall  wholly  Deserte  the  said  worke  to  forfitt 
thirtie  shillings  to  the  rest  of  th(ie)r  Company  &  whoever 
shall  in  pte  Decline  the  sd  worke  to  forfite  5^  per  daye  & 
the  said  forfits  being  Demanded  whoeuer  Being  A  Delin- 
quent shall  refuse  or  neglect  to  paye  them  the  aforesaid 


THE   TOWN   RECORDS   OF   WENHAM.  115 

ouerseers  haue  full  power  to  sue  for  &  recover  the  same 
or  by  the  Constable  Destraine  for  it. 
21  of  Agust  1663. 

Wee  haue  A^rreed  to  Build  a  new  meetiufr  house  &  the 
Agreement  for  repaireing  of  the  old  house  is  hereby  re- 
peald  &  also  haue  made  Choice  of  Richard  Kemball  m^. 
Gott  &  thomas  White  to  Joyn  with  the  Select  men  who 
together  are  impowerd  to  put  out  the  Afore  sd  house  to 
the  Building  according  to  theire  Deiscreton  &  for  the  De- 
fraying of  the  Cost  they  are  impowrd  to  Sell  the  old 
bouse  &  pcill  of  land  thereunto  Belonging  &  to  Except 
of  w'  our  Neigb"  :  shall  Contribut  to  the  Abouesd  worke 
Vpon  such  termes  as  they  think  fitt  &  for  the  remainder  of 
the    Abouesd    Cost  they  are   impowrd   to  Assese    it   by 

Rate  Vpon  the  inhabitants  of  o^  towne 

At  a  towne  meeting  on  the  4  Janu  :  63 

....  Also  it  is  Agreed  that  who  euer  shall  for  time  to 
Com  be  defectiue  in  Aperin  &  Continuing  At  Leagall  town 
meetings  we  say  to  Com  At  y®  generAll  town  meeting  At 
nin  A. Clock  &  other  town  meetings  At  time  Apoynted 
shall  pay  half  A  Crown  for  the  defect  in  the  generAl 
meting  &  eighten  penc  for  every  other  such  defect. 

the  ly^*^  of  ye  ll^'^  mo:  1663  there  was  a  Rate  made 
(by  the  Selectmen  together  with  others  Chosen  to  Joyno 
with  them)  for  the  Carrying  on  of  o"^  meeting  house  & 
Assigned  &  Diluerd  into  the  Constables  hand  to  Gather 
pt  of  it  the  Rate  being  80^ :  3  :  8  :  who  by  order  from 
the  Aforesd  Raters  is  forthwith  to  Gather  in  the  one  halfe 
of  it  in  wheate  &  Indian  or  els  in  such  paye  as  shall  Carry 
on  the  Abousd  worke. 

At  A  generall  town  meting  the  29"»  of  12">° :  1663  : 

there  is  Granted  to  M*".  Newman  all  the  towne  land  ly- 
ing betwixt  his  Gardine  &  the  swamp  on  the  back  side  let 
it  be  more  or  lese  together  with  the  towns  Interst  in 
the  sd  svvampe  be  it  more  or  lese. 


MARRIAGES  IN  SALEM  BY  REV.  DANIEL 
HOPKINS,  D.  D.,  1779-1814. 


COMMUNICATED  BY  JOHN  J.  LATTING,  ESQ.,  OF  NEW  YORK. 


Record  of  Marriages  in  the  South  Society.  The  under-named 
persons  were  married  agreeable  to  the  dates  following  by  me  Daniel 
Hopkins,^  State  of  Massachusetts,  Salem. 

1779.  Jan.  30.    Joseph  Metcalfe  and  Jane  Brino. 
♦'     Mar.  28.     Salem  Lane  and  Venus  Kitchen. 

"     Apr.     3.     Joseph  Daland  and  Eunice  Bacon. 

"    May  William  Tuck  and  Elizabeth  Lee. 

"     June    6.    John  Smith  and  Flora  Poland. 

"        "     25.    Gilbert  Tapley  and  Jane  Pickering. 

•'      July  25.    Benjamin  Dunham  and  Hannah  Daland. 

"     Aug.    6.    John  Ervin  and  Sarah  Reeves. 

**      Oct.  24.    Jonathan  Masury  and  Jane  Reeves. 

**     Nov.  10.    Thomas  Stephens  and  Sarah  Slewman. 

•'     Dec.  16.     Ephraim  Smith  and  Anna  Steward. 

1780.  Jan.  27.     Saml.  Goodhue  and  Surah  Bickford. 
♦•      Feb.  20.    Joseph  Henfield  and  Anna  Mansfield. 

iRev.  Daniel  Hopkins,  born  at  Waterbury,  Conn.,  Oct.  16, 1734;  Yale  Coll.  1756; 
came  to  Salem  1766;  spent  a  few  years  in  teaching  a  school  for  young  ladies.  He 
married,  Mch.  7, 1771,  Susannah,  daughter  of  John  Saunders  of  Salem,  merchant. 
She  had  been  one  of  his  pupils,  born  in  Salem  Nov.,  1754,  died  Mch.  15, 1838,  in  her 
eighty-fourth  year. 

In  July,  1775,  was  appointed  a  member  of  the  Provincial  Congress  of  Massachu- 
setts and  in  1778  was  a  member  of  the  Council  in  the  conventional  government  pre- 
vious to  the  adoption  of  the  State  Constitution  in  1780. 

He  was  chosen,  Mch.  15, 1776,  Pastor  of  the  South  Church,  to  which  he  had  pre- 
viously preached,  but  owing  to  his  public  duties  in  Congress  and  in  the  Council, 
he  was  not  ordained  until  Nov.  18, 1778.    He  died  Dec.  14,  1814. 
He  was  the  son  of  Timothy  and  Mary  (Judd)  Hopkins,  a  son  of 
John  Hopkins  one  of  the  respected  and  influential  of  the  early  settlers  of  Water- 
bury,  Conn.,  d.  Nov.  4, 1732,  a  son  of 

Stephen  Hopkins,  a  freeman  in  1656,  married  Dorcas,  dau.  of  John  Bronson  and 
died  about  1689;  a  son  of 

John  Hopkins,  who  settled  in  Cambridge  in  1634,  freeman  in  1635,  removed  to 
Hartford,  Conn.,  in  1636,  and  died  between  1648  and  1654. 

Dr.  Hopkins  is  described  as  a  faithful  and  laborious  minister,  a  discriminating 
and  interesting  preacher,  who  toiled  in  season  and  out  of  season  lor  the  good  of 
his  flock.  He  had  a  quiet,  peaceable,  affectionate  and  foregoing  spirit.  His  tal- 
ents were  of  a  high  order.  In  his  social  intercourse  he  was  distinguished  by  affa- 
bility and  courtesy;  in  conversation  by  originality,  good  sense  and  pleasantry;  his 
language  was  simple,  pure  and  spicy,  rich  in  anecdote  and  illustration,  so  that  his 
company  was  very  generally  sought.  His  tall  and  manly  figure  gave  such  dignity 
and  grace  to  his  movements  that  no  man  who  walked  the  streets  was  looked  at 
with  more  respect  and  veneration. 
(116) 


117 


1780  Mtir. 

7. 

(( 

Apr. 

13. 

(( 

May 

9. 

(( 

July 

23. 

n 

it 

30. 

" 

Aug. 

6. 

(( 

Sept. 

10. 

li 

17. 

Nov. 

(i 

26. 
28. 
30. 

1781, 

.  Jan. 

U. 

Feb. 

8. 

28. 

(( 

Mar. 

4. 

<( 

(i 

14. 

1782, 

.  Jan. 

19. 

" 

Feb. 

14. 

<( 

Mar. 

21. 

({ 

May 

26. 

(( 

(i 

30. 

<( 

Oct. 

17. 

<( 

t, 

20. 
24. 

it 

Dec. 

29. 

1783 

.  Mar. 

23. 

(1 

Apr. 

27. 

(( 

May 

4. 

(( 

" 

6. 

(( 

t( 

13. 

t( 

K 

18. 

(( 

it 

ti 

<( 

li 

22. 

<( 

(i 

26. 

it 

June 

8. 

ti 

July 

21. 

ti 

ti 

28. 

ti 

Aug. 

14. 

ti 

Sept. 

30. 

it 

Nov. 

12. 

1784 

.  Jan. 

11. 

ii 

Jan. 

13. 

it 

it 

25. 

(( 

(I 

29. 

Richard  Squires  and  Margaret  Hoy. 

P>ancis  Cook  and  Susanna  Hall. 

Dan«'  Jenks  and  Mary  Masury. 

Danei  Needham  and  Mary  Symonds. 

Joseph  Barratt  and  Hannah  Osborne. 

Abel  Lawrens  and  Abigail  Page. 

Abraham  Goodrich  and  Lydia  Woodman. 

Cato  Grows  and  Phillis  Stephens. 

Thomas  King  and  Vilot  Hunt. 

James  Davison  and  Mary  Brown. 

John  Ellis  and  Jane  Bennit. 

Jacob  Brown  and  Sarah  Gardner. 

Daniel  Pierce  and  Elisabeth  Manslield. 

John  Wibert  and  Susanna  Murfy. 

Robert  Peele  and  Mary  Bradshaw. 

Benjamin  Lang  and  Elizabeth  Smethcrs. 

Henry  Dossett  and  Jenny  Epes. 

Butler  Fogarthy  and  Lydia  Masury. 

June  Bruce  and  Alice  Utley. 

William  Baldwin  and  Abigail  Scally. 

Elijah  Purkins  and  Elisabeth  Stone. 

James  Shatherm  and  Elisabeth  Lawrens. 

Jonathan  Frothingham  and  Elisabeth  Seccomb. 

Thomas  Manning  and  Hannah  Tuksberry. 

John  Edwards  and  Katie  Kief. 

John  Palmer  and  Hannah  Carnes. 

Henry  Snoop  and  Elisabeth  Butman. 

Benjamin  King  and  Elisabeth  White, 

Daniel  Foster  and  Hannah  Tucker. 

Samel  Carnes  and  Nabby  Mansfield. 

John  Corvick  and  Alice  Stowley. 

John  Leach  and  Ruth  Ropes. 

Joseph  Mansfield  and  Lucretia  Derby. 

Cornelius  Craig  and  Elisabeth  Crow. 

James  Black  and  Rhoda  Francis. 

John  Gavit  and  Mary  Symonds. 

John  Bowls  and  Eunlc  Malloon. 

Samel  Marshall  and  Lucretia  Aborn. 

Salem  Orne  and  Sarah  Pemberton. 

Benjamin  Day  and  Hepzibah  Bucke. 

James  Green  and  Nancy  ShlUaber. 

Jonathan  Neal  and  Mehitabel  Eden. 

Hue  Smith  and  Ruth  Perkins. 

Nathaniel  Needham  and  Sarah  Cheever. 

Charles  Smith  and  Mary  Munyan. 


118      Hopkins's  record  of  marriages. 


Thomas  Burton  and  Elisabeth  Barber. 
Ebenezar  Symonds  and  Polly  Danforth. 
Edraond  Gale  and  Margaret  Stubbs. 
Danei  Chadwick  and  Elisabeth  Mc  Intire. 
James  Dodge  and  Mary  Mansfield. 
Moses  Hood  and  Sally  Felt. 
James  Lester  and  Alice  Lang. 
Edward  Smith  and  Sarah  Very. 
Daniel  Smith  and  Eunice  Malloon. 
Ebed  Lewis  and  Emma  Safford. 
Addison  Richardson  and  Debrah  Melloy. 
Joseph  Gardner  and  Sally  Neal. 
William  Matthews  and  Elisabeth  Hunt. 
Jonathan  Neal  and  Polly  Dowst. 
London  Butuff  and  Phillis  Proto. 
Primus  King  and  Alice  Nimro. 

John  Hogan  and  Priscilla . 

Joseph  Lafavour  and  Susanna  Dike. 
William  Ward  and  Martha  Proctor. 
Thomas  Bennet  and  Lois  Symonds. 
Joseph  Leath  and  Rebeckah  Thomas. 
John  Rust  and  Nancy  Mansfield. 
James  Odell  and  Sarah  Very. 
Zachariah  Stone  and  Hannah  Howard. 
David  Kallum  and  Mary  Stone. 
Jonathan  Walcut  and  Lydia  Gale. 
George  Nichalls  and  Neller  Mackey. 
Jacob  Martin  and  Lucy  Cook. 
Nathaniel  Woodbury  and  Sarah  Marritt. 
Nathaniel  Trumbul  and  Hannah  Picket. 
Matthew  Kelly  and  Dorcas  Hales. 
Abel  Gardner  and  Bethia  Pitman. 
William  Diblois  and  Sarah  Williams. 
Joshua  Leavitt  and  Eunice  Richardson. 
William  Ferguson  and  Martha  Richards. 
Ellis  Mansfield  and  Abigail  Herbert. 
Lemuel  Herton  and  Hannah  Holt. 
William  Gray  and  Sarah  Smith. 
Tom  and  Katy  Brown. 
Hardy  Ropes  and  Hannah  Elson. 
Thomas  Bowditch  Jr.  and  Lucy  Mansfield. 
Richard  Myler  and  Elisabeth  Bo  wen. 
John  Poor  and  Dililah  Vincent. 
Edward  Durant  and  Sally  Newton. 
John  Smith  and  Polly  Crosby. 


1784 

.  Feb.    8. 

(( 

May    2. 

(< 

"      4. 

(( 

*>      9. 

{( 

it      11 

(( 

June  10. 

(( 

July  14. 

(( 

Aug.  22. 

<( 

'*     29. 

" 

Sept.  30. 

(( 

Oct.  17. 

i( 

Nov.  14. 

(( 

Dec.     2. 

178S 

;,  Jan.  23. 

it 

"    30. 

(( 

♦*    30. 

(( 

Feb.  13. 

{( 

»      15. 

« 

'♦      16. 

(( 

Apr.     7. 

<( 

May    8. 

({ 

**        8. 

(< 

"       12. 

(( 

"       19. 

(( 

'*       27. 

« 

♦♦      31. 

(( 

June    6. 

(( 

July  10. 

(t 

Sept.  11. 

<( 

"      IL 

(( 

"      20. 

it 

Oct.     6. 

i( 

"       8. 

(( 

Dec.    1. 

1786,  Mar.     7. 

it 

"      19. 

(i 

July    9. 

(( 

Aug.  13. 

(( 

•«      22. 

cr 

"      28. 

{( 

Sept.  17. 

({ 

*'      25. 

(( 

Oct.  24. 

(( 

"     29. 

«( 

Nov.  12. 

1786 

•  Dec. 

25. 

1787 

,  Mar. 

4. 

it 

(( 

18. 

(( 

Apr. 

11. 

(( 

Sept. 

15. 

1788 

,  Jan. 

31. 

(( 

Apr. 

27. 

i( 

June 

2. 

(i 

(( 

8. 

(t 

Auj?. 

31. 

(( 

Oct. 

2. 

(( 

Nov. 

22. 

(( 

Dec. 

U. 

1789 

,  Jan. 

11. 

(( 

'« 

29. 

it 

Feb. 

5. 

i( 

Mar. 

15. 

" 

May 

3. 

(( 

(( 

20. 

(( 

June 

7. 

u 

July 

29. 

ii 

Oct. 

4. 

1790,  Jan. 

31. 

Sept. 

12. 
16. 

Oct. 

17. 

18. 

(( 

Nov. 

6. 

(t 

" 

20. 

(( 

Dec. 

8. 

<< 

(( 

26. 

179] 

L,  Feb. 

6. 

(( 

Mar. 

17. 

(( 

May 

1. 

4i 

(t 

29. 

(t 

Aug. 

14. 

i( 

(( 

14. 

<( 

Aug. 

21. 

t( 

Sept. 

5. 

it 

it 

11. 

(t 

Oct. 

6. 

(( 

Nov. 

28. 

t< 

Dec. 

11. 

1792 

1,  Mar. 

22. 

(( 

Sept. 

23. 

(( 

Dec. 

9. 

Hopkins's  record  of  marriages.      119 

James  NickoUs  Jr.  and  Mary  Lanack. 

James  Symonds  and  Polly  Gardner. 

Englis  Thomas  and  Susanna  Felt. 

Benjamin  Clark  and  Susanna  Burgis. 

Daniel  Malloon  and  Judith  Mugford. 

William  Herrick  and  Betliia  Daland. 

Peter  Crosby  and  Mary  Bovven. 

Henry  Mansfield  and  Hannah  Tuttle. 

Edward  Byrns  and  Sally  Gale. 

John  Jenks  and  Martha  Abbot. 

Samel  Dowst  and  Nabby  Very. 

William  Southward  and  Hannah  Hutchinson. 

Joseph  Wynn  and  Mercy  Hunt. 

Philo  Brown  and  Phebe  Peterson. 

Thomas  Brooks  and  Polly  Kicluudson. 

William  Archer  and  Polly  Daland. 

Edmond  Hay  and  llebekah  Godfray. 

Moses  Brown  and  Mary  Bridge. 

George  Sewil  and  Abigail  Gerald. 

Zadack  ButTinton  and  Deborah  Saltmarsh. 

Edward  Britton  and  Polly  Trant. 

Ephraim  Abbot  and  Sarah  Saflbrd. 

Ebenezar  Pope  and  Lydia  Hay. 

William  Ives  and  Polly  Bradshaw. 

Jacob  Bacon  and  Sarah  Adams. 

Joseph  Brown  and  Sally  Nick. 

Uzziel  Ilea  and  Elisabeth  Nurse. 

Richard  Nutting  and  Betsy  Cook. 

Joseph  Fabins  and  Betsy  Morse. 

John  Jeffers  and  Betsy  Young. 

Benjamin  Meads  and  Sally  Hinds. 

Jonathan  Holt  and  Polly  Tuttle. 

Josiah  Gould  and  Nabby  Williams. 

Samuel  Nurse  and  Sally  Warren. 

Jonathan  Neal  and  Hannah  Ward. 

Richard  Lang  Jr.  and  Sally  Saunders. 

Richard  Tuffts  and  Mina  Proctor. 

Micaijah  Johnson  and  Sally  Berry. 

John  Welch  and  Elisabeth  Phillips. 

Edmond  Upton  and  Priscilla  Gardner. 

Peter  Harrick  and  Polly  Johnson. 

Robert  Tucker  and  Nancy  Malloon. 

Thomas  Meeks  and  Betsy  Dimon. 

John  Chapman  and  Ruth  Henfleld. 

Amos  Town  and  Polly  Gavit. 

Richard  Tuflfts  and  Polly  Gardner. 


120     Hopkins's  record  of  marriages. 


Jonathan  Ingersoll  and  Polly  Pool. 

Daniel  Bickford  and  Hannah  Pickering. 

William  Burrows  and  Polly  Johnson. 

Asa  Peirce  and  Anna  Mansfield. 

Samel  Briggs  and  Elisabeth  Wyman. 

John  Tucker  and  Sally  Mansfield. 

Kindall  Flint  and  Bridget  Lang. 

James  Wilson  and  Jenny  Gould. 

Joseph  Symonds  and  Hannah  Phelps. 

Malachi  Ewel  and  Rebecah  Brown. 

Hubbart  Haskall  and  Anna  Millet. 

Joseph  Bishop  and  Hannah  Hammond. 

Penn  Townsend  and  Mary  Richardson. 

Joseph  Daland  and  Elisabeth  Whittick. 

Joseph  Millit  Jr.  and  Polly  Swasey. 

William  Butman  and  Betsy  Dewing. 

John  Derby  and  Betsy  Putnam. 

James  Mansfield  and  Polly  Beckford. 

William  Liscomb  3<i  and  Mehilable  Ward  Mansfield. 

Fredrick  Cumbs.and  Betsy  Mansfield. 

Samel  Cheever  and  Deborah  Osborne. 

Daniel  Kinny  and  Mary  Hill. 

Ebenezer  Flagg  and  Rebecca  Leathe. 

John  Daland  and  Elisabeth  Tucker. 

Joshua  Pierce  and  Sarah  Osborne. 

Charles  Converse  and  Nabby  Brooks. 

Zechariah  Brooks  and  Abigail  Grant. 

Andrew  Cannady  and  Elisabeth  Mansfield. 

Ezra  Burrill  and  Elisabeth  Mansfield. 

Andrew  Tucker  and  Patty  Mansfield. 

Jonathan  Mansfield  and  Sukey  Richardson. 

Hanse  Peterson  and  Priscilla  Sherman. 

Hubbart  Haskall  and  Anna  Bullock. 

William  Mansfield  and  Dorcas  Mansfield. 

Israel  Williams  and  Lydia  Wait. 

John  Leonard  and  Abigail  Saff'ord. 

Timothy  Ropes  and  Sally  Holmes. 

William  Osborn  and  Nancy  Lang. 

Michael  Webb  and  Sally  Tucker. 

Henry  Osborne  and  Mary  Ward. 

Joseph  Burr  and  Sally  Procter. 

Richard  Austin  and  Isabel  Symonds, 

Rev.  Samuel  Judson  and  Sally  Bartlett. 

Samuel  Very  and  Martha  Cheever.  * 

John  Black  J^  and  Hannah  Dimon. 

Wm.  Appleton  and  Tamesin  Abbot. 


1793.  Feb. 

12. 

t( 

Apr. 

28. 

(1 

May 

15. 

(( 

(( 

19. 

<< 

(( 

26. 

<< 

June  23. 

t( 

Aug. 

4. 

" 

Sept. 

12. 

(( 

Oct. 

13. 

(( 

Nov. 

6. 

7. 

(( 

(( 

17. 

i( 

Dec 

.  1. 

1794,  Apr 

•.  6. 

«( 

June 

1. 

(( 

Aug. 

14. 

a 

(( 

24. 

<( 

<( 

24. 

<( 

Sept. 

14. 

(( 

Nov. 

2. 

«( 

(( 

4. 

(( 

(( 

20. 

(( 

Dec. 

7. 

(( 

it 

14. 

1795 

;,  Mar. 

10. 

(( 

June 

7. 

(t 

(( 

5. 

(( 

Oct. 

6. 

" 

13. 
18. 

(( 

Nov. 

6. 

1796,  Jan. 

17. 

<i 

Apr. 

4. 

(( 

(( 

10. 

(( 

May 

22. 

" 

<( 

31. 

(( 

June 

16. 

<( 

Sept. 

1. 

i( 

Oct. 

30. 

(( 

Dec. 

25. 

1797 

,  Mar. 

26. 

<( 

May 

16. 

{( 

(( 

28. 

n 

May 

28. 

(C 

(( 

28. 

«( 

July 

23. 

HOPKINS'S  RECORD  OF  MARRIAGES.        121 

Stephen  Cook  and  Lucy  Martin. 
Joseph  Richards  and  Lydia  Symonds. 
Timothy  Holt  and  Susanna  Burgess. 
William  Dennis  and  Betsy  Ravel. 
John  Byrne  and  Mary  Brown. 
John  Seccomb  and  Sally  Howard. 
John  Wilson  and  Patty  Mansfield. 
Nathan  Luther  and  Polly  Procter. 
Henry  Felt  and  Nancy  Steward. 
James  Bufflnton  and  Betsy  Dennis. 
Jonathan  Glover  and  Nancy  Mackintire. 
James  Derby  and  Patty  Parnel, 
Richard  Richards  and  Hannah  Whittemore. 
John  Dyke  and  Anna  Chipman. 
Jacob  Reed  and  Nancy  Welman. 
Joseph  Dowst  and  Nancy  Standley. 
John  Bott  and  Lydia  Henfleld. 
Andrew  Ward  and  Betsy  Bowman. 
Benjamin  Silver  and  Polly  Bullock. 
John  Snethen  and  Hannah  Abbot. 
George  Eden  and  Susanna  Brown. 
Mark  Pitman  and  Sophia  Francis. 
Thomas  Tarbox  and  Sally  Cook. 
Thaddeus  Stimpson  and  Hannah  Cook. 
Benjamin  Luscomb  and  Betsy  Luscomb. 
Andrew  Blaney  and  Mary  Seccomb. 
John  Byrne  and  Mary  Manning. 
Sam.  Very  and  Lydia  Clough. 
Andrew  S.  Millet  and  Susanna  Reeves. 
Thomas  Downing  and  Katy  Williams. 
John  Berry  and  Mary  Frye. 
Joseph  Felt  and  Mehitable  Ervin. 
John  NichoUs  and  Betsy  Trask. 
Addison  Richardson  and  Anstis  Blanchard. 
John  Kimball  and  Sally  Felt. 
David  Brown  and  Hannah  Preston. 
William  Hook  and  Abigail  Greenleaf. 
Thomas  Waters  and  Joanna  Hamilton. 
William  Johnson  and  Patty  Procter. 
Stephen  Mascall  and  Anna  Thorndlke. 
Samuel  Buffum  and  Lydia  Sawyer.r 
Peter  Cross  and  Violet  Ruloff. 
John  Burnham  and  Betsey  Pitman. 
Jacob  Symonds  and  Rhoda  Berry. 

HIST.   OOLL.  XIX  8* 


1797,  Apr 

.26. 

(< 

July  30. 

(( 

Aug. 

20. 

<( 

Sept. 

3. 

(( 

<( 

17. 

(( 

Oct. 

1. 

(( 

i( 

15. 

(( 

Nov. 

12. 

(( 

(( 

30. 

<( 

Dec. 

10. 

1798,  Mar. 

25. 

♦< 

June 

19. 

(( 

July 

9. 

(( 

<( 

10. 

(( 

(( 

24. 

<( 

Sept. 

23. 

(( 

Oct. 

21. 

(( 

Nov. 

18. 

«' 

Dec. 

8. 

(( 

(( 

18. 

179S 

,Feb. 

3. 

(( 

Mar. 

10. 

{( 

(( 

81. 

(( 

Apr. 

21. 

«( 

<( 

23. 

(( 

May 

10. 

<( 

(( 

28. 

i( 

Aug. 

13. 

i( 

Sept. 

12. 

i( 

Nov. 

17. 

(( 

t< 

23. 

K 

Dec. 

1. 

1800 

,  Jan. 

1. 

(( 

(( 

12. 

(( 

i( 

13. 

<( 

Mar. 

2. 

(( 

(( 

31. 

(( 

Apr. 

16. 

ti 

t( 

17. 

it 

i( 

27. 

i( 

May 

4. 

i( 

(I 

18. 

<( 

June 

16. 

1st        HOPKINS'S  RECORD  OP  MARRIAGES. 

i 

Jacob  Kimball  and  Sally  Hobbs.  \ 

Charles  J.  Holland  and  Hannah  West.  j 

John  Allen  and  Sally  Butman.  \ 

Ebenezer  Bowditch  and  Rebecca  ¥elt.  j 

Matt^  Orr  and  Polly  Weld.  ! 

Jonathan  Shepard  and  Mary  Thompson.  j 
Jonathan  Skerry  and  Martha  Richards. 

David  Shepard  and  Sally  Leach.  j 

Aaron  Knight  and  Sally  Leach.  '■ 

Joshua  Cross  3'  and  Mary  Phelps.  I 

Paul  Upton  and  Betsy  Peirce.  ■ 

Samuel  Noyse  and  Hannah  Tucker.  1 

George  M.  Smith  and  Hitty  Symonds.  j 

Jon'^  Marston  and  Sally  Holt.  ! 

Daniel  Johnson  and  Mary  Morris.  \ 

Joshua  Phippen  and  Ursula  Symonds.  l 

Pickering  Dodge  and  Rebecca  Jenks.  3 

George  NichoUs  and  Sally  Peirce.  j 

Thomas  Hodgden  and  Betsey  Lefavour.  ^ 

William  Diman  and  Abigail  Phillips.  ; 

Solomon  Towne  and  Lydia  Goodale.  j 

Ezekiel  Goodnow  and  Sophia  Farrington.  ' 

John  Richards  and  Lydia  Parker.  ; 

Daniel  Carlton  and  Mary  Raiment  Spencer.  I 
Phineas  Richardson  and  Peggy  Heymell. 

William  Cunningham  and  Elisabeth  Valpy.  ' 

Timothy  Brown  and  Mary  Mansfield.  j 

John  Radford  and  Patty  Fowler.  ' 

Samuel  Henderson  and  Betsy  Smith.  \ 

Isaac  Shreve  and  Hannah  Very.  '■ 

James  Brooks  and  Polly  Caldwell.  ] 
Benjamin  Cheever  and  Nabby  Foster. 
"      •*      *♦      Archelaus  Fuller  and  Ruthy  Pope. 

"   June  27.    Jonathan  Pratt  and  Sarah  Beckford.  j 

**      "      *'      Edward  Morse  and  Lydia  Lewis.  i 

Benjamin  Punchard  and  Mary  Pickworth.  • 

John  Rowell  and  Hannah  Pitman.  ' 

Thomas  Lefavour  and  Betsy  Hovey.  ; 

Jonathan  Twist  and  Esther  Bruce.  ' 

Isaac  Goodhue  and  Sally  Henfleld.  ■ 

Moses  Atkinson  and  Betsy  Rider.  j 

John  Barton  and  Mary  Webb.  * 

George  Archer  and  Mary  Osgood.  i 

Thomas  Field  and  Bridget  Flint.  i 

Jonathan  Millet  and  Hannah  Estes.  ; 


1800 

.  July 

6. 

it 

Aug. 

10. 

it 

i( 

24. 

t( 

Oct. 

21. 

it 

(( 

26. 

1801,  Feb. 

22. 

(( 

Mar. 

1. 

ii 

(( 

24. 

ti 

It 

26. 

(C 

Apr. 

7. 

«. 

(( 

9. 

(( 

May 

6. 

(( 

June  21. 

n 

July 

5. 

(t 

(i 

12. 

li 

Oct. 

25. 

(( 

Nov. 

5. 

(I 

(( 

22. 

(t 

Dec. 

7. 

<< 

(( 

13. 

<( 

(( 

16. 

(( 

(( 

20. 

1802,  Jan. 

3. 

<t 

<( 

6. 

ii 

it 

7. 

t< 

it 

18. 

(( 

Mar. 

14. 

t( 

(t 

ii 

(( 

Apr. 

25. 

»i 

May 

2. 

(( 

(( 

16. 

(( 

it 

30. 

July 

4. 

Sept 

.   5. 

if 

(t 

it 

6. 

it 

16. 

Oct. 

3. 

it 

17. 

Oct. 

24. 

it 

31. 

H0PKINS*8   RECORD   OF   MARRIAGES.  123 

John  Abbot  and  Rebecca  V.  Wilson. 

Caleb  Brooks  Seccomb  and  Joanna  Creesy. 

Joseph  Cook  and  Rebecca  Manning. 

John  Bailey  and  Martha  Johnson. 

Deveraux  Dennis  and  Betsy  Eldridge. 

Joseph  Baker  and  Nancy  Felt. 

Asa  Killam  and  Hannah  Neal. 

Benjamin  Cox  J*",  and  Sally  Smith. 

Moses  Short  and  Jane  Chandler. 

Joseph  Daland  J"",  and  Eleanor  Buck. 

John  Wilson  and  Mary  Punchard. 

Gabriel  Dunzack  and  Sally  Needham. 

John  Hovey  and  Tabatha  Melvill. 

Ebenezer  Nutting  and  Sally  Stevenson. 

James  Whittemore  and  Sally  Preston. 

Frederick  Cumbs  and  Lydia  Symonds. 

Peter  Ilodson  and  Anne  Tucker. 

Samuel  Lang  and  Eliza  Tucker. 

John  Forbes  and  Hepzibah  House. 

Elijah  Johnson  and  Sarah  Stacey. 

Samuel  Abbot  and  Elisabeth  Procter. 

Stephen  B.  Dockham  and  Beulah  Goldthwait. 

Zechariah  Marston  and  Sarah  Cane. 

W™.  Butman  and  Betsy  Nutting. 

Jacob  Towne  and  Hannah  Hovey. 

Charles  Tuttle  and  Sally  Austin. 

Samuel  Lamson  and  Sally  Sleuman. 
*•       *'      Benjamin  Frye  and  Abigail  Lovett. 
Mar.    4.     William  Jones  and  Eleanor  Birch. 
*'         "    George  Fowler  and  Judith  Holman. 

William  T.  Luther  and  Rachel  Brown. 

Peter  Wright  and  Sylvia  Penniman. 

David  Tucker  and  Ruth  Richardson. 

Asa  Brooks  and  Ann  Gill. 

John  Norris  and  Esther  Lang. 

Benjamin  Stone  and  Nancy  Hamilton. 

Jery  Lee  Page  and  Lucy  Lang. 

James  Austin  and  Naby  Sweetser. 

Benjamin  Shreve  and  Mary  Goodhue. 

John  Jennings  and  Sylvia  Bray  (^Blacks.) 

Jack  So  ward  and  Azilphia  Bray. 

Carlton  Hooper  and  Elisabeth  Wheeler. 

Jacob  Smith  and  Rachel  Swasey. 

Anthony  Diver  Calfleld  and  Betsy  Perkins. 

James  Symonds  and  Mary  Reed. 


1802.  Nov. 

25. 

<( 

28. 

Dec. 

5. 

1803 

,  Jan. 

2. 
16. 

Feb. 

6. 

t( 

13. 

Mar. 

13. 

Apr. 

3. 

(t 

16. 

May 

1. 

<( 

22. 

June 

19. 

July 

3. 

Aug. 

27. 

Sept 

.  4. 
11. 

<( 

25. 

Oct. 

23. 

Nov. 

13. 
17. 

(( 

27. 

Dec. 

22. 

1804 

,  Jan. 

12. 

<( 

29. 

Feb. 

6. 

(( 

12. 

(( 

11. 

Apr. 

6. 

(( 

24. 

<( 

25. 

May 

27. 

June 

3. 

(( 

27. 

July 

8. 

(I 

(t 

(( 

9. 

i( 

18. 

(( 

23. 

Aug. 

26. 

(( 

28. 

Oct. 

14. 

124  HOPKINS*S  RECORD  OF  MARRIAGES. 

1804,  Oct.  21.  Jacob  Peabody  and  Lucy  Manning. 

"  "      23.  Benjamin  Reeves  and  Susanna  Wadsworth, 

"  Nov.     8.  Frederick  Williams  and  Phyllis  Proctor. 

*♦  '♦      18.  John  Sluraan  and  Lydia  Daniell. 

'*  Dec.    4.  Samuel  Very  and  Alice  Palmer. 

**  **       9.  Peter  Berry  and  Peggy  West. 

"  '*      20.  Jasper  Pope  and  Abigail  Lander. 

1805,  Jan.     1.  John  Johnson  and  Sally  Crealy. 
"  FelK  12.  Job  Marshall  and  Jane  Marshall. 

'*  Apr.  21.  William  Maugrage  and  Mary  Brookhouse. 

*»  *•     28.  Peter  F.  Stickney  and  Sally  Frye. 

**  May  20.  Isaac  Augustus  and  Mary  Black. 

"  "     26.  John  Farrington  and  Charlotte  Brown. 

♦♦  June  23.  William  Farrington  and  Mary  Ward. 

*'  July  16.  Joshua  Spalding  and  Elisabeth  Bradshaw. 

"  Sept.     1.  Andrew  Evens  and  Mercy  Beckford. 

"  Oct.    6.  Enoch  Dow  and  Mary  Brooks. 

"  "       "  Jonathan  Osborn  and  Lydia  Wellman. 

*'  *'    19.  Richard  Valpy  and  Susanna  Millet. 

*'  "     24.  Jonathan  Haraden  and  Sally  Henfleld. 

♦♦  Nov.    3.  Samuel  Stedman  and  Martha  Frye. 

*'  ♦'        "  Asa  Butman  and  Betsy  Creesy. 

"  Dec.     8.  David  Walker  and  Sally  Daniell. 

1806,  Feb.    9.  Philip  Leach  and  Elisabeth  Wellman. 

*'  May    4.  Edward  Barnard,  jun.  and  Elisabeth  Martin. 

"  "       '*  Nath'i  Osgood  and  Elisabeth  Cowan. 

"  "      n.  Tunis  Tunison  and  Lydia  Pope. 

*♦  Sept.  18.  Rev.  Jeremiah  Noyes  and  Lucy  Johnson. 

•<  "      21.  Theodore  Morgan  and  Abigail  Manning. 

"  Oct.  29.  Rev.  Brown  Emerson  and  Mary  Hopkins. 

♦♦  Nov.  23.  John  Hill  J',  and  Abigail  Stephens. 

'«  "      30.  Joseph  Frothingham  and  Polly  Austin. 

1807,  Jan.     1.  Nathaniel  Tuttle  and  Betsey  Merritt. 
"  **      26.  John  Peabody  and  Elisabeth  Manning. 
"  Mar.  22.  Jesse  Johnson  and  Lydia  Johnson. 

♦•  '*      26.  Matthias  Jacobson  and  Elisabeth  Blackney. 

♦*  Apr.  15.  Benjamin  Millet  and  Polly  Oakes. 

"  May  12.  Jeduthan  Upton,  jun.  and  Sally  Smith. 

*'  June    9.  Rev.  Sam^i  Gile  and  Mary  Hendley  White. 

**  **     14.  Jonathan  Pierce  and  Anstis  D.  Blanchard. 

"  Aug.    6.  William  P.  Richardson  and  Deborah  Lang. 

•'  Oct.    4.  George  Wrighter  and  Abigail  Diman. 

•*  **     18.  Samuel  E.  Williams  and  Elisabeth  Waters. 

**  Nov.  29.  Henry  D.  Gillman  and  Nancy  Brown.   * 

*•  Dec.  21.  Jesse  Nichols  Bolles  and  Joanna  J.  Fisher. 


t 


1807 

'.Dec 

29. 

(( 

(( 

30. 

1808 

,  Jan. 

28. 

(( 

Feb. 

14. 

(( 

(( 

23. 

<( 

Apr. 

21. 

i( 

May 

19. 

(( 

(( 

26. 

(( 

Aug. 

7. 
11. 

" 

Oct. 

2. 

<( 

Nov. 

13. 

(I 

i< 

17. 

(( 

Dec. 

1. 

it 

(( 

8. 

180S 

,Feb. 

12. 

(( 

(< 

23. 

(( 

May 

14. 

(( 

June 

27. 

(( 

Sept. 

24. 

(( 

Oct. 

8. 

181C 

),  July 

22. 

(( 

Sept. 

9. 

t( 

(( 

13. 

<( 

Oct. 

21. 

(( 

Nov. 

11. 

<( 

Dec. 

18. 

181] 

,Apr. 

23. 

(( 

May 

26. 

(( 

Aug. 

11. 

(( 

Oct. 

27. 

(< 

Nov. 

24. 

1812,  Jan. 

2. 

(( 

(t 

12. 

<( 

Mar. 

17. 

«( 

Apr. 

5. 

C( 

(( 

9. 

<( 

Sept. 

7. 

i( 

it 

25. 

C( 

Nov. 

24. 

1813,  Apr. 

25. 

(( 

July 

15. 

({ 

Oct. 

24. 

*i 

Dec. 

14. 

1814,  Oct. 

26. 

HOPKINS'S  RECORD  OF  MARRIAGES.        125 

Job  D.  Porter  and  Catharine  Holt. 
John  Jerolura  and  Rachel  Smith. 
James  King  J"",  and  Lydia  Moores. 
James  Woodbury  and  Ruth  Tucker. 
Seth  Richardson  and  Lydia  Williams. 
Eben  Osborne  and  Sally  Tucker. 
Aaron  Kemp  and  Betsy  Luscomb. 
William  Lander  and  Mary  Jenks. 
Edward  Hayes  and  Sally  Laney. 
Samuel  Smith  and  Susanna  White. 
John  Dodge  and  Betsy  Waite. 
Thaddeus  Bossen  and  Abigail  Fowler. 
Moses  Kimball  and  Sally  Goodhue. 
Robert  Foster  and  Lucy  Woodman. 
James  Vent  and  Sally  Nutting. 
Michael  Saunders  and  Judith  Woodbury. 
Sam«'  H.  G.  Rowley  and  Susan  Hopkins. 
William  Osborn  and  Priscilla  A.  Jenks. 
Nathaniel  W.  Craft  and  Eliza  Bufflnton. 
William  Mansfield  and  Margaret  Murphey. 
Timothy  Phillips  and  Judith  Shaw. 
Henry  King  and  Betsy  Gould. 
Samuel  Hazeiton  and  Sarah  Very. 
John  Stacker  and  Bethia  Johnson. 
William  Goodhue  and  Elizabeth  Brooks. 
Tobias  L.  Porter  and  Mary  Goodale. 
James  F.  Harrison  and  Eunice  Saunders. 
Joseph  Emerson  and  Lydia  Burrill. 
Josiah  Caldwell  and  Sally  Odell. 
Richard  Manning  3'"'^  and  Nancy  Very. 
Augustus  Converse  and  Emma  Mansfield. 
Stephen  Curwin  and  Hannah  Bowdon. 
Thomas  Slewman  and  Sally  Smith. 
Robert  Watts  Gould  and  Sarah  Osgood. 
Thomas  Lamson  and  Anna  Goodale. 
John  Shovey  and  Hannah  Tucker. 
Jacob  Annibal  and  Elisabeth  Gale. 
John  Foster  and  Lydia  Janes. 
George  E.  Pierce  and  Mary  Dodge. 
Henry  Green  and  Betsy  Bray. 
Peter  E.  Webster  and  Rebecca  Chapman. 
Nathan  Green  and  Thankful  Goodale. 
Nathaniel  L.  Rogers  and  Hariet  Wait. 
John  Brooks  and  Hariet  Manning^. 
Jacob  Peabody  and  Lydia  Manning. 


ESSEX  COUNTY  AND  THE  INDIANS. 

A  Lecture 

Read  before  the  Beverly  Lyceum,  Nov.   20,  1832, 

BY  Robert  Rantoul,  Senr. 


I  SHALL  now  give  some  account  of  the  natives  of  this  part 
of  America  who  have  vanished  before  a  more  civilized,  a 
more  intellectual,  a  more  powerful  race.  It  seems  to  be 
a  law  of  animal  life  that  the  weak  should  vanish  before 
the  strong,  the  ignorant  before  the  better  informed,  the 
rude,  the  vicious,  and  the  wicked  before  the  civilized  and 
the  virtuous.  Whenever  and  wherever  man  has  the  power, 
it  is  not  diflScult  for  him  to  reason  himself  into  the  belief 
that  he  has  the  right  to  accommodate  himself  at  the  ex- 
pense of  his  weaker  neighbor.  An  anecdote  of  olden 
time  will  serve  to  show  by  what  a  fallacious  course  of 
reasoning  men  may  be  brought  to  act  against  their  first 
and  truest  impressions  of  right  and  wrong,  when  under 
the  strong  temptation  of  interest.  Soon  after  the  settle- 
ment of  the  town  of  New  Haven,  in  Connecticut,  several 
persons  went  over  to  what  is  now  the  town  of  Milford, 
where,  finding  the  soil  very  good,  they  were  desirous  to 
efiect  a  settlement :  but  the  premises  were  in  the  peace- 
able possession  of  the  Indians,  and  some  conscientious 
scruples  arose  as  to  the  propriety  of  dispossessing  and  ex- 
pelling them.  To  test  the  case,  a  church  meeting  was 
called,  and  matters  were  determined  by  a  solemn  vote  of 
that  sacred  body.  After  several  speeches  had  been  made 
in  relation  to  the  subject,  they  proceeded  to  pass  votes : 
the  first  was  the  following, —  Voted  "that  the  earth  is  the 
Lord's,  and  the  fulness  thereof."     This  having  passed  in 

(126) 


ESSEX   COUNTY   AND  THE   INDIANS.  127 

the  aflSrmative  unanimously,  it  was  then  voted  "that  the 
earth  is  given  to  the  saints  :"  this  was  also  determined  in 
the  affirmative  no  one  dissenting.  They  then,  thirdly, 
voted,  that  "we  are  the  saints."  This  also  passed  with- 
out a  dissenting  voice ;  the  title  was  considered  indispu- 
table, and  the  poor  Indians,  who  were  uninitiated  in  this 
miserable  casuistry,  were  soon  compelled  to  evacuate  the 
place  and  relinquish  their  possessions. 

Many  hypothetical  accounts  of  the  first  peopling  of 
the  continent  of  America  have  been  advanced  by  dillerent 
writers,  none  of  which  are  so  well  supported  by  facts  as  to 
convince  any  considerable  portion  of  mankind  of  their 
truth.  Ways  have  been  pointed  out  by  which  men  might 
at  some  remote  period  have  passed  from  the  eastern  to 
the  western  continent,  but  no  sufficient  evidence  has  been 
obtained  that  they  ever  did  thus  pass.  From  a  fancied 
similarity  of  language  and  customs,  some  have  supposed 
that  the  natives  of  this  continent  were  descended  from 
the  ten  tribes  of  the  Israelites,  carried  captive  by  Sala- 
manesar  and  Esarhaddon  ;  and  who  by  some  unaccounta- 
ble means  found  their  way  to  this  country.  But  the  most 
ludicrous  hypothesis  with  which  I  have  met  is  that  of  Mr. 
Mede,  of  which  the  Rev.  Wm.  Hubbard  in  this  history  of 
New  England  says  that  it  carries  the  greatest  probability 
of  truth  with  it.  Mede's  opinion  is  that  Avhen  the  devil 
was  put  out  of  his  throne  in  the  other  part  of  the  world, 
and  the  mouths  of  all  his  oracles  were  stopt  in  Europe, 
Asia  and  Africa,  he  seduced  a  company  of  silly  wretches 
to  follow  his  conduct  into  this  unknown  part  of  the  world, 
where  he  might  lye  hid  and  not  be  disturbed  in  the  idol- 
atrous and  abominable  service  he  expected  from  these,  his 
followers. 

The  Indians  of  this  country  were  tall  and  straight ;  of 
a  red  complexion,  with  black  eyes  ;  of  a  vacant  look  when 


128  ESSEX    COUNTY  AND  THE    INDIANS. 

unimpassioned ;  with  long,  black,  coarse  hair,  well  built 
and  possessed  of  a  natural  understanding,  sagacity  and 
wit,  equal  to  the  same  attributes  in  other  men.  The  passions 
of  these  people  were  exactly  what  nature,  cherished  by 
regular  unlimited  indulgence,  made  them.  Uncontrolled 
by  their  parents  during  their  childhood  and  youth,  except 
in  those  cases  only  where  necessity  forbade  this  indul- 
gence, they  were  impatient  of  control  ever  after,  where 
it  was  not  absolutely  demanded  by  either  personal  or 
public  safety.  Their  hatred  and  revenge  expired  only 
with  the  life  of  the  object  or  their  own,  and  was  undimin- 
ished either  by  absence  or  time.  Their  attachments  to 
each  other  individually  appear  to  have  been  usually  fee- 
ble, even  within  the  nearest  degrees  of  consanguinity. 
Perhaps  an  exception  is  to  be  made  in  favor  of  parental 
tenderness,  of  which  instances  seem  to  have  existed,  par- 
ticularly in  their  women,  of  considerable  strength.  The 
men  seem  to  have  had  little  tendency  toward  the  gentler 
affections,  and  little  respect  for  them.  These  general 
remarks  are  not  without  exceptions  which  are  creditable 
to  their  feelings.  An  instance  is  mentioned  of  an  Indian, 
who,  in  consequence  of  his  good  conduct,  had  received  a 
grant  of  land  in  the  state  of  Maine.  It  was  situated 
in  one  of  the  new  townships,  where  a  number  of  whites 
had  established  themselves.  Although  not  ill-treated 
by  these  settlers,  it  appears  that  a  common  prejudice 
against  his  race  prevented  them  from  feeling  any  sym- 
pathy with  the  Indian.  His  only  child  died,  but  none 
of  the  inhabitants  came  to  condole  with  him  on  his  loss. 
He  soon  afterwards  went  to  some  of  his  neighbors  and 
thus  addressed  them  :  "  When  the  white  man's  child  dies, 
Indian  man  is  sorry :  he  helps  to  bury  him.  When  my 
child  dies,  no  one  speaks  to  me  :  I  make  his  grave  alone. 
I  cannot  live  here."     He  gave  up  his  farm,  dug  up  the 


ESSEX    COUNTY   AND   THE    INDIANS.  129 

body  of  his  child,  and  carried  it  away  with  him  two 
hundred  miles  through  the  forests,  and  joined  the  Indians 
of  Canada. 

A  few  years  before  the  settlement  of  Pl3nn()uth  the  In- 
dians of  Massachusetts  were  visited  with  a  deadly  sickness 
which  destroyed  great  numbers  of  them  and  left  the  coun- 
try almost  without  inhabitants.  Those  who  remained 
treated  the  new  comers  generally  with  kindness.  In- 
stances to  the  contrary  of  this  sometimes  occurred  which 
might  be  often  traced  to  resentment  for  injuries  which 
they  suffered  by  the  whites  who  visited  the  coast  for  fish- 
ing, both  before  and  after  the  settlement  at  Plymouth,  or 
perhaps  sometimes  from  some  of  the  settlers  themselves. 
The  historians  of  New  England  have  not  been  very  care- 
ful to  preserve  the  remembrance  of  those  instances  of 
aggression  which  were  committed  b}^  the  whites  upon  the 
Indians.  Some  of  the  more  ancient  historians  record  a 
few  of  them.  Previous  to  the  settlement  at  Plymouth, 
Edward  Harlow,  under  the  patronage  of  the  Earl  of 
Southampton,  visited  the  coast  and  ascertained  that  Cape 
Cod  was  not  an  island  as  some  had  previously  supposed. 
Harlow  seized  three  of  the  natives,  of  which  an  old  wo- 
man afterwards  complained  to  the  Plymouth  settlers. 
One  of  the  three  escjiping,  he  excited  one  of  his  country- 
men to  take  revenge.  They  cut  away  the  ])oat  from  the 
stern  of  the  ship  and  were  so  powerful  as  to  retain  pos- 
session of  it  notwithstanding:  all  the  efforts  of  the  Eno:lish 
to  recover  it.  The  Indians  enticed  the  English  into  a  har- 
bor and  there  assaulted  them  with  a  shower  of  arrows  un- 
til the  English  dispersed  them  with  their  cannon.  Harlow 
captured  other  Indians  so  that  he  carried  five  of  them  to 
England.  About  1614  Thomas  Hunt  was  master  of  a  fish- 
ing vessel  on  this  coast  with  orders  to  carry  her  fish  to  Mal- 
aga.    He  having  inspired  the  natives  with  a  confidence  in 

HI8T.    COLL.  XIX  9 


130  ESSEX    COUNTY   AND   THE    INDIANS. 

his  honesty,  and  induced  them  to  visit  his  vessel  without  ap- 
prehension of  danger,  perfidiously  seized  twenty  of  them 
and  put  them  under  his  hatches  with  the  intent  of  selling 
them  for  slaves  to  the  Spaniards.  When  Hunt  arrived  in 
Spain  he  was  not  permitted  thus  to  traffic  in  human  flesh, 
according  to  one  author,  but  by  others  it  is  stated,  that  he 
sold  them  for  slaves  at  £20  per  man,  and  that  many  of  these 
helpless  captives  were  rescued  from  slavery  by  the  benevo- 
lent interposition  of  the  monks  in  Malaga,  and  that  Squan- 
to,  who  was  so  useful  to  the  Plymouth  settlers  afterwards, 
was  probably  one  of  those  relieved.  The  whole  number 
carried  oflT  by  Hunt  is  stated  at  twenty-seven  instead  of 
twenty,  and  that  twenty  of  them  were  taken  at  Patuxit 
which  is  now  Plymouth  and  seven  more  at  Nauset.  Capt. 
Smith,  who  left  Hunt  in  command,  humane  and  generous 
as  he  was  intrepid,  indignantly  reprobates  the  base  con- 
duct of  Hunt.  Some  of  the  Indians  found  means  to  get 
back  to  their  own  country  and  there  to  tell  the  story  of 
their  wrongs.  Soon  afterwards  Capt.  Hobson  visited  the 
coast  of  New  England  taking  with  him  two  of  the  natives 
who  had  been  carried  to  England,  but  did  not  know  of  the 
outrage  committed  by  Hunt.  These  two,  when  they  went 
on  shore  and  learned  from  their  countrymen  the  treachery 
of  Hunt,  deserted  from  the  English  and  joined  with  their 
fellows  in  seeking  revenge.  The  consequence  was  the 
loss  of  some  lives  among  the  natives,  the  wounding  of  some 
of  the  English  and  the  entire  frustration  of  the  enterprise 
of  Hobson,  who  intended  to  have  eflEected  a  settlement. 
Captain  Dermer,  having  met  some  of  those  natives  whom 
Hunt  treacherously  transported  to  S[)ain,  found  means  to 
conciliate  them,  and  they  agreeing  to  accompany  him  to 
New  England  he  sailed  with  them  from  Plymouth  in  Eng- 
land. About  the  year  1619,  a  short  time  before  the  ar- 
rival of  the  Pilgrims,  by  his  prudence  and  great  diligence 


ESSEX    COUNTY   AND   THE    INDIANS.  131 

and  by  the  help  of  the  natives  whom  he  had  kindly  re- 
stored to  their  homes,  he  negotiated  a  peace  between  the 
Eno:lish  and  the  sava^res. 

In  addition  to  these  instances,  which  are  on  the  page  of 
history,  it  is  probable  that  many  more  occurred  which 
never  came  to  the  knowledge  of  the  writers  of  those  times. 

Hubbard  mentions  an  instance  of  an  Indian  who,  while 
taking  two  females  captive,  spared  an  old  woman  because 
she  had  l)cen  kind  to  his  grandmother  and  placed  a  young 
child  in  her  arms  instead  of  killing  it  as  was  frequently 
done  to  prevent  the  trouble  of  removal.  Hubbard  di- 
vides the  New  England  Indians  into  twenty  dilfcrent 
clans  or  tribes  and  describes  the  location  of  each.  Most 
of  these  united  under  Philip  in  the  war  against  the  English 
in  1675. 

The  Indians  who  inhabited  Essex  county  were  settled 
principally  at  Haverhill,  Andover,  Ipswich,  Newbury, 
Lynn,  Salem,  and  Marblehead.  They  followed  hunting 
and  fishing  for  their  chief  support.  They  were  generally 
deficient  in  industry.  The  women  performed  much  of  the 
labor  of  cultivation.  Their  food  consisted  of  maize  or 
Indian  corn  and  beans,  frequently  cooked  with  fish  or  the 
flesh  of  wild  animals.  The  skins  of  these  animals  served 
for  their  clothing.  They  painted  their  faces  of  various 
colors  for  ornament  or  that  they  might  appear  more  ter- 
rific in  battle.  They  had  some  vague  notions  of  a  supreme 
being,  and  of  a  future  state  of  existence.  They  wor- 
shipped the  Great  Spirit  who,  they  thought,  did  them  good  ; 
they  also  feared  another  being,  an  evil  spirit,  whose  wrath 
they  endeavored  to  appease  by  performing  certain  rites  to 
prevent  him  from  doing  them  harm. 

Conant  and  his  few  associates  remained  at  Salem  for 
about  two  years,  entirely  at  the  mercy  of  the  tribes  of  In- 
dians  which  surrounded  them ;  though  not  without  their 


132  ESSEX    COUNTY   AND   THE    INDIANS. 

fears,  yet  we  have  no  account  of  their  sustaining  the  least 
injury.  After  Endicott  came  they  were  provided  with  the 
means  of  defence,  but  we  have  no  certain  account  of  the 
Indians  ever  intending  to  attack  them,  although  we  have 
an  account  of  an  alarm  among  the  colonists  in  1628.  An 
account  of  this  alarm  is  given  in  a  letter  from  the  Rev. 
Thomas  Cobbett  to  the  Rev.  Increase  Mather,  written  in 
1677,  wherein  he  states  that  the  account  came  to  him  by  tra- 
dition, but  was  confirmed  as  he  says  by  one  "old  Button,"^ 
living  at  Haverhill,  who  was  then  almost  the  only  hale 
toan  left  of  Endicott's  company.  The  substance  of  the 
letter  is  as  follows  : 

"About  the  year  1628  when  those  few  that  came  over 
with  Colonel  Endicott  and  began  to  settle  at  Naumkeag, 
now  called  Salem,  and  in  a  manner  all  so  sick  of  their 
journey,  that,  though  they  had  both  small  and  great  guns, 
and  powder  and  bullets  for  them,  yet  had  not  strength  to 
manage  them,  if  suddenly  put  upon  it ;  and  tidings  being 
certainly  brought  them  on  a  Lord's  day  morning  that  a 
thousand  Indians,  from  Saugus,  were  coming  against  them 
to  cut  them  off,  they  had  much  ado  amongst  them  all  to 
charge  two  or  three  of  their  great  guns  and  trail  them  to  a 
place  of  advantage  where  the  Indians  must  pass  to  them 
and  there  to  shoot  them  off,  when  they  heard,  by  the  noise 
which  they  made  in  the  woods,  that  the  Indians  drew  near. 
The  noise  of  great  artillery,  to  which  the  Indians  were 
never  wonted  before,  did  occasionally  (by  the  good  hand 
of  God)  strike  such  dread  into  them,  that  by  some  lads 
who  lay  as  scouts  in  the  woods,  they  were  heard  to  reiterate 
a  confused  outcry  and  then  fled  confusedly  back  with 
all  speed,  when  none  pursued  them." 

1  Matthias  Button  —  His  house  was  burned  in  1671.  He  was  a  Dutchman.  He 
lived  in  the  village  of  Haverhill,  in  the  western  part  of  the  town,  then  in  the  eastern, 
and  finally  settled  near  the  house  now  owned  (1832)  by  Thomas  West,  Esq.,  where 
his  house  was  bui'nt.    He  died  in  1672. 


ESSEX    COUNTY   AND   THE    INDIANS.  133 

From  other  and  better  authority  we  are  informed  that 
the  first  settlers  at  Salem  were  kindly  welcomed  by  the 
Indians  there.  The  English  and  Indians  had  a  field  to- 
gether, and  the  Indians  fled  to  shelter  themselves  under 
the  English  against  then-  Indian  enemies  in  the  country. 
The  Agawam  Indians  complained  to  Governor  Endicott 
that  they  were  afraid  of  the  Tarrentines,  and  Hugh  Brown 
and  others  were  sent  in  a  boat  to  Agawam  for  their  relief. 

The  Indian  settlement  at  Salem  was  mostly  on  the  north 
side  of  the  north  river.  The  small  pox  after  the  settle- 
ment of  the  English  in  Massachusetts  destroyed  many 
lives  among  the  Indians.  When  Cotton  Mather  wrote, 
about  1690,  he  says  there  were  many  old  planters  living, 
who  related  that  they  assisted  in  burying  whole  families  of 
the  natives  at  once. 

In  the  war  with  the  Pequod  Indians  the  county  of  Essex 
furnished  its  quota  of  soldiers.  In  1630,  John  Endicott 
commanded  an  expedition  of  ninety  men  to  Block  Island 
against  the  Indians  there.  The  Pequods  were  entirely 
subdued  in  1637.  In  1631  the  eastern  Indians,  called  the 
Tarrentines,  began  to  exhibit  a  spirit  of  hostility  towards 
the  English,  and  soon  committed  depredations.  Lieuten- 
ant AYalker,  commanding  a  guard  at  Saugus,  being  at  an 
advanced  post  in  the  night,  received  two  arrows  in  his 
clothes,  shot  by  lurking  Indians  belonging  to  this  tribe, 
and  in  August,  the  same  year,  one  hundred  Tarrentines 
arrived  at  Agawam  in  thirty  canoes,  and,  landing  in  the 
night,  assaulted  the  wigwam  of  the  Sagamore  of  that 
place,  killed  seven  men  and  wounded  two  chiefs.  They 
then  rifled  the  place  and  carried  ofl'  the  fishing  nets  and  a 
quantity  of  provisions.  Notwithstanding  these  afiairs  it 
may  be  safely  said  that  the  settlers  in  Massachusetts  Bay 
were  not  molested  by  the  Indians  who  resided  near  them 
until  the  time  of  King  Philip's  war.     At  this  time  com- 


134  ESSEX    COUNTY   AND    THE    INDIANS. 

menced  the  struggle  between  the  whites  and  the  colored 
race  in  New  England.  It  was  a  mighty  struggle.  It  was 
on  both  sides  a  struggle  for  the  possession  of  the  country, 
for  property  accumulated,  for  liberty,  for  independence,  for 
life.  It  called  forth  all  the  energies  of  both  the  parties  ;  it 
developed  all  their  resources.  The  bravery,  the  undaunted 
courage,  the  profound  policy,  the  skill,  the  persever- 
ance, the  fortitude  of  Philip,  had  he  been  an  actor  in  a 
civilized  country,  would  have  given  him  a  name  as  lasting 
as  those  of  some  of  the  heroes  and  statesmen  which  adorn 
the  page  of  history.  The  achievements,  the  virtues, 
of  the  Indians  have  but  scanty  memorials.  They  had  no 
writers  of  their  own.  Their  characters  were  drawn  by 
their  enemies.  All  the  histories  of  those  times  were  writ- 
ten by  men  under  the  influence  of  the  popular  feeling  of 
indignation  and  resentment  against  the  natives  for  sufier- 
ings  and  injuries  which  in  too  many  instances  the  whites 
brought  upon  themselves  by  their  oppression  and  wrongs 
towards  the  Indians.  These  last,  though  destitute  of  writers 
to  record  their  grievances,  were  sure  to  preserve  a  faith- 
ful remembrance  of  them  among  themselves  and  to  trans- 
mit the  knowledge  of  them  by  tradition  to  their  posterity. 
The  superiority  of  civilized  man  over  a  barbarous  or 
savage  race  is  oftener  displayed  in  his  greater  power  to  de- 
ceive, to  defraud,  to  injure,  to  triumph  over  their  weak- 
ness, and  to  destroy  with  merciless  cruelty,  than  it  is  in 
sincere  and  ardent  efforts  to  enlighten  their  ignorance,  re- 
form their  vices  or  improve  their  social  condition.  For  the 
justness  of  this  remark  I  refer  to  the  history  of  the  in- 
tercourse of  the  whites  with  the  Indians  of  the  American 
continent  from  soon  after  its  first  discovery  by  Columbus 
in  1492  to  this  present  year,  —  a  period  of  nearly  three 
and  a  half  centuries,  during  which  the  nations  of  Indians, 
from  the  miserable  Esquimaux  of  the  northern  regions  to 


I 


ESSEX    COUNTY    AND   THE    INDIANS.  135 

the  more  refined  and  luxurious  inhabitants  of  Mexico  and 
Peru,  and  from  these  to  the  more  savage  tri])es  which  in- 
habit the  southern  extremity  of  the  continent  to  its  utmost 
limits,  can  bear  ample  testimony  to  its  truth.  That  there 
have  occasionally  been  honorable  exceptions  does  not  dis- 
prove its  general  correctness.  The  heart  sickens  at  the 
thought  that  the  professors  of  a  religion  of  peace  and  love, 
in  their  intercourse  with  the  benighted  pagan,  should  mark 
their  footsteps  with  fraud,  deceit,  rapine,  cruelty  and  blood. 

Our  own  nation,  and  even  our  own  times,  are  not  en- 
tirely free  from  this  reproach.  Who  has  not  heard,  with 
indignation  and  with  horror,  the  story  of  the  intercourse 
of  some  of  our  merchants,  mariners,  naval  conunanders 
and  officers,  with  the  pagans  of  the  Pacilic  Oceans?  To 
say  nothing  of  our  intercourse  with  and  treatment  of  the 
Indians  w^ithin  our  borders  and  on  our  frontiers. 

Philip,  the  most  powerful  foe  of  New  England,  was  the 
youngest  son  of  ]Massasoit  and  succeeded  his  l)rother  Al- 
exander in  1()57  as  sachem  of  Pokonoket.  He  had  a  pro- 
fessed friendship  for  the  colonists,  but  he  perceived  that 
their  extending  settlements  would  demand,  either  the  re- 
moval of  the  Indians,  or  the  surrender  of  their  indepen- 
dence as  a  separate  and  distinct  people  Besides  his 
apprehensions  on  this  subject,  he  cherished  a  prejudice 
against  all  his  civilized  neighbors,  for  injuries  which  he, 
or  some  of  his  subjects,  had  received  from  a  few  of  them. 
Thus  unhappily  inclined,  he  strove  for  several  years  to  fo- 
ment a  spirit  of  jealousy  and  revenge,  in  various  tribes, 
against  the  colonists.  His  measures  for  this  object  were 
planned  with  much  ability  and  executed  with  much  adroit- 
ness. Thus  intent,  he  resolved  to  make  a  mighty  effort  to 
rid  the  land  of  the  English.  In  1675  he  and  his  allies  began 
their  work  of  destruction.  They  were  more  powerful  and 
more  successful  than  the  colonists  supposed  they  could  be. 


136  ESSEX    COUNTY  AND  THE    INDIANS. 

They  spread  desolation,  terror  and  lamentation  wherever 
they  came.  At  length  their  tide  of  success  began  to  ebb. 
But  Philip  was  the  soul  of  the  Indian  confederacy.  Upon 
his  life  or  death  war  or  peace  depended.  The  colonists 
received  intelligence  that  after  a  year's  absence,  he  had  re- 
turned to  Mount  Hope,  and  that  large  numbers  of  Indians 
were  repairing  to  him,  with  intent  to  assault  the  neigh- 
boring towns.  Massachusetts  and  Plymouth  ordered 
their  forces  to  pursue  Philip.  The  former  returned  to 
Boston  without  accomplishing  the  most  important  purpose 
of  their  expedition  ;  but  they  had  killed  and  captured  an 
hundred  and  fifty  men,  and  the  Indians  were  so  dispirited, 
that  they  were  continually  arriving  and  surrendering  them- 
selves, upon  promise  of  mercy.  Philip  was  at  this  time 
in  an  extremely  melancholy  situation.  He  was  obliged 
to  flee  for  safety  from  one  swamp  to  another.  He  had 
lost  his  chief  counsellors,  his  uncle  and  sister,  and  at 
length,  his  wife  and  son  were  taken  prisoners.  One  of 
his  allies,  the  queen  of  Pocasset,  on  being  surprised  by  the 
English,  magnanimously  animated  her  men  to  hold  out  to 
the  last  extremity ;  but  they  meanly  deserted  her,  and  she 
was  drowned  in  endeavoring  to  escape.  Soon  after  this 
event,  Philip  himself  was  betrayed  by  one  of  his  friends 
and  counsellors,  whom  he  had  exasperated  by  killing  an 
Indian,  who  presumed  to  mention  to  him  an  expedient  for 
making  peace  with  the  colonies.  He  effected  his  escape 
to  Rhode  Island  and  discovered  where  Philip  was  con- 
cealed, and  the  means  by  which  he  might  be  surprised. 
Capt.  Church,  on  receiving  this  intelligence,  went  with  a 
small  party,  and  found  him  in  a  swamp  near  Mount  Hope. 
He  attempted  in  vain  to  escape ;  one  of  his  men  whom  he 
had  offended,  and  who  had  deserted  to  the  English,  shot 
him  through  the  heart.  This  event  happened  on  the  12th 
of  August  1676,  at  Mount  Hope  Neck  in  Rhode  Island. 


ESSEX    COUNTY   AND    THE    INDIANS.  137 

The  tidings  of  his  fall  spread  joy  through  New  England. 
Could  courage,  enterprise,  hardships,  sagacity,  and  pat- 
riotism, have  given  the  victory,  he  would  have  been  dis- 
tinguished as  a  conqueror.  The  superior  military  discipline 
of  the  colonists,  after  great  loss  and  sufferings,  obtained 
for  them  that  security  which  was  the  result  of  the  entire 
discomfiture  of  the  forces  of  their  enemy. 

For  the  sufferings  which  Philip  brought  upon  them 
they  esteemed  him  the  worst  of  his  species.  An  impartial 
historian  would  however  record  against  tJieni  many  in- 
stances of  oppression  and  injury  towards  the  natives, 
which  would  very  naturally  provoke  a  bitter,  determined, 
settled  resentment  seeking  every  oi)portunity  of  revenge. 
Could  some  historian  of  Philip's  own  nation  have  de- 
scribed the  principles  of  his  policy  and  the  traits  of  his 
character,  they  would  have  presented  him  before  us,  as  one 
well  deserving  the  applause  of  mankind,  and  the  gratitude 
of  his  countrymen.  Adverse  parties  have  always  allowed 
themselves  to  cherish  opposite  views  of  the  same  motives, 
actions  and  persons. 

An  early  event  of  the  war,  which  deeply  affected  the 
people  of  the  county  of  Essex,  was  the  destruction  of  a 
company  of  promising  young  men,  raised  within  the 
county  and  under  the  command  of  Captain  Thomas  Loth- 
ropof  Beverly,  which  happened  in  the  western  part  of  the 
state  on  the  18th  of  September,  1675.  Lothrop  was  a 
prominent  character  in  this  town  ;  he  was  the  first  repre- 
sentative chosen  after  the  incorporation  of  the  town  and 
was  appointed  captain  of  a  company  here  July  7,  1662. 
He  lived  at  Mackerel  cove,  near  where  the  late  dwelling 
house  of  Ebenezer  Woodberry  stands.  Some  account  of 
this  engagement  will  conclude  this  lecture.  The  English 
forces  at  Hadley  were  so  augmented  in  the  autumn  of  1675, 
that  it  became  necessary  to  collect  provisions  and  forage 

HI8T.    COLL.  XIX  9* 


138  ESSEX    COUNTY   AND   THE    INDIANS. 

at  that  place  for  their  subsistence.  At  Deerfield,  fifteen 
miles  up  the  Connecticut  river,  a  large  quantity  of  wheat 
was  exposed  to  destruction  by  the  Indians.  Determin- 
ing to  avail  himself  of  this  supply,  the  commanding  officer 
at  Hadley  detached  Capt.  Lothrop  and  his  company  con- 
sisting of  eighty  men,  with  a  number  of  teams  and  drivers, 
to  thresh  it  and  transport  it  to  headquarters.  Capt.  Loth- 
rop proceeded  to  Deerfield,  where  Capt.  Moseley  was  then 
posted  with  a  company  of  colony  troops,  and  having 
threshed  the  grain  and  loaded  his  teams,  he  commenced 
his  march  for  Hadley  on  the  18th  of  September,  1675. 
No  discovery  had  been  made  of  the  enemy  in  the  vicinity, 
and  probably  Lothrop  did  not  apprehend  that  they  were 
watching  his  movements  ;  but  it  seems  they  were  too  vigi- 
lant to  let  slip  so  fair  an  opportunity  of  depriving  the 
English  of  such  a  valuable  acquisition  of  stores,  or  to  suf- 
fer such  a  body  of  their  enemy  to  escape  their  overwhelm- 
ing force,  then  lurking  in  the  adjacent  woods.  For  the 
distance  of  about  three  miles,  after  leaving  Deerfield 
meadow,  Lothrop's  march  lay  through  a  very  level  coun- 
try, closely  wooded,  where  he  was  every  moment  exposed 
to  attack,  on  either  flank.  At  the  termination  of  the  dis- 
tance, near  the  south  point  of  a  hill,  the  road  approximated 
Connecticut  river  and  the  left  was  in  some  measure  pro- 
tected. At  the  village  now  called  Muddy  Brook,  in  the 
southerly  part  of  Deerfield,  the  road  crossed  a  small  stream, 
bordered  by  a  narrow  morass,  from  which  the  village  takes 
its  name.  Before  arriving  at  the  point  of  intersection 
with  the  brook,  the  road  for  about  half  a  mile  ran  parallel 
to  the  morass,  then  crossing  it  continued  directly  to  the 
south  point  of  the  hill,  traversing  the  east  side  of  the  vil- 
lage. As  the  morass  was  thickly  covered  with  brush,  the 
place  of  crossing  afibrded  a  favorable  point  for  surprise. 
On  discovering  Lothrop's  march,  a  body  of  upwards  of 


ESSEX    COUNTY    AND   THE    INDIANS.  139 

seven  hundred  Indians  planted  themselves  in  ambuscade, 
at  this  point,  and  lay  eagerly  waiting  to  pounce  upon  him 
while  passing  the  morass.  Without  examining  the  woods 
in  his  front  and  on  his  flanks,  or  suspecting  the  snare 
laid  for  him,  Lothrop  arrived  at  the  fatal  spot,  crossed  the 
morass  with  the  principal  part  of  his  force,  and  probably 
halted  to  allow  time  for  his  teams  to  dra*?  throui^h  their 
loads.  The  critical  moment  had  arrived.  The  Indians  in- 
stantly poured  a  heavy  and  destructive  fire  upon  the  column, 
and  rushed  furiously  to  close  attack.  Confusion  and  dismay 
succeeded.  The  troops  broke  and  scattered,  fiercely  pur- 
sued by  the  Indians,  whose  great  superiority  in  numbers 
enabled  them  to  attack  at  all  points.  Hopeless  was  the 
situation  of  the  scattered  troops,  and  they  resolved  to  sell 
their  lives  in  a  vioforous  struj^^^le.  Coverincr  themselves 
with  trees,  the  bloody  conflict  now  became  a  severe  trial 
of  skill  in  sharp  shooting,  in  which  life  was  the  stake. 
The  dead,  the  dying,  the  wounded,  strewed  the  ground  in 
all  directions,  and  Lothrop's  devoted  force  was  soon  re- 
duced to  a  small  number,  and  resistance  became  faint. 
At  length  the  unequal  struggle  terminated  in  the  destruc- 
tion of  nearly  the  whole  of  the  English ;  only  seven  or 
eight  escaped  from  the  bloody  scene  to  tell  the  dismal  tale. 
Capt.  Lothrop  fell  in  the  early  part  of  the  action,  the 
whole  loss,  including  teamsters,  amounting  to  ninety  men. 
Capt.  Moseley,  at  Deerfield,  between  four  and  five  miles 
distant,  hearing  the  musketry,  made  a  rapid  march  for 
the  relief  of  Lothrop,  and  arriving  at  the  close  of  the 
struggle,  found  the  Indians  stripping  and  mangling  the 
dead.  Promptly  rushing  on,  in  compact  order,  he  broke 
through  the  enemy,  and  charging  back  and  forth  cut  down 
all  within  the  range  of  his  shot.  He  at  length  drove  the 
remainder  through  the  adjacent  swamp,  and  another 
further  west;  and,  after  several   hours' gallant   fighting, 


140  ESSEX    COUNTY   AND   THE    INDIANS. 

compelled  them  to  seek  safety  in  the  more  distant  forest. 
His  lieutenants  Savage  and  John  Pickering,  from  Salem, 
often  led  the  troops,  and  distinguished  themselves  in  a 
particular  manner,  by  their  skill  and  persevering  resolu- 
tion. Just  at  the  close  of  the  action  Major  Treat,  who 
on  the  morning  of  the  day  had  marched  towards  North- 
field,  arrived  on  the  ground  with  one  hundred  men  con- 
sisting of  English,  Pequods  and  Mohegan  Indians,  and 
shared  in  the  final  pursuit  of  the  enemy.  The  gallant 
Moseley  lost  but  two  men  in  the  various  attacks  and  seven 
or  eight  were  wounded. 

Probably  the  Indians  had  expended  most  of  their  am- 
munition in  the  action  with  Lothrop.  They  occasionally 
fought  with  their  bows  and  spears.  Night  approaching. 
Treat  and  Moseley  retreated  to  Deerfield,  where  they  en- 
camped for  the  night,  and  the  next  morning  returned  to 
the  scene  of  slaughter,  to  bury  the  dead.  A  few  Indians 
were  found  stripping  the  slain.  A  singular  instance  of 
resuscitation  occurred  at  this  time.  Robert  Dutch  of  Ips- 
wich, who  had  been  prostrated  by  a  ball  which  wounded 
his  head,  mauled  by  a  hatchet,  stripped  and  left  for  dead, 
recovered  his  senses,  arose  from  the  ground  covered  with 
blood  and,  in  a  state  of  nudity,  walked  up  to  Moseley 's 
men.  He  was  furnished  with  clothes,  carried  to  the  Eng- 
lish headquarters,  recovered,  and  lived  several  years  in 
perfect  health.  The  loss  of  the  Indians  in  the  various 
attacks  of  the  day  was  estimated  at  ninety-six,  a  few  more 
than  that  of  the  English.  Probably  the  greatest  propor- 
tion of  the  Indians  fell  in  the  engagement  with  Moseley, 
who  attacked  them  by  surprise  and  when  they  were  un- 
prepared. The  day  after  this  disaster,  a  considerable  body 
of  the  same  Indians  appeared  at  Deerfield,  on  the  west 
side  of  the  river  in  that  town,  and  displaying  the  gar- 
ments they  had  stripped  from  Lothrop's  men,  made  dem- 


ESSEX    COUNTY   AND   THE    INDIANS.  141 

onstrations  of  an  attack  on  the  fortified  house,  which  then 
contained  a  garrison  of  only  twenty-seven  men.  The 
commander  held  out  delusive  appearances  of  a  strong 
force,  caused  his  trumpet  signals  to  be  given,  as  if  to  call 
in  additional  troops  and  so  intimidated  the  Indians  that 
they  withdrew  without  an  attack.  Finding  the  garrison 
exposed  to  an  overwhelming  force,  the  commander  at 
Hadley  ordered  it  to  that  place  and  the  fortification  was 
soon  after  wholly  destroyed  by  the  Indians.  It  does  not 
appear  from  the  accounts  that  have  reached  us  whether 
Philip  was  present  at  the  attack  upon  Lothrop,  but  from 
a  number  of  circumstances  it  is  probable  he  was  present 
and  conducted  the  attack.  The  surprise  of  Lothrop  was 
attended  with  extraordinary  slaughter,  and  very  few,  if 
any,  cases  can  be  cited  from  our  military  histories  where 
the  destruction  has  been  so  great,  in  proportion  to  the 
numbers  engaged,  on  the  part  of  the  English.  Hubbard 
as  well  as  some  later  historians  attribute  the  misfortune 
to  an  erroneous  mode  of  fighting  the  Indians,  but  the 
error  did  not  lie  so  much  in  the  mode  of  fio^htin^:  as  in 
the  want  of  circumspection  on  the  previous  march,  a  mil- 
itary virtue,  with  which  our  officers  seem  to  have  had  but 
little  acquaintance.  Personally  brave,  they  held  the  In- 
dians in  low  estimation. 

The  defeat  of  General  Braddock's  army  in  1755  and  of 
Gen.  St.  Clair  in  1792,  as  well  as  many  other  lesser  dis- 
asters in  Indian  warfare,  may  be  attributed  to  the  same 
cause. 

According  to  oral  accounts,  current  to  this  day,  Loth- 
rop halted  at  the  brook  and  permitted  his  men  to  regale 
themselves  on  the  grapes  which  loaded  the  trees  on  the 
margin  of  the  swamp  in  the  midst  of  the  Indians,  with- 
out discovering  the  ambuscade  and  the  attack  commenced 
in   this    unguarded   situation.     This   is   contradicted   by 


142  ESSEX   COUNTY  AND  THE    INDIANS. 

Hubbard  who  says  the  company  were  marching  when  the 
attack  began.  The  place  where  this  tragic  affair  occurred 
is  near  the  centre  of  the  village  of  Muddy  Brook,  in  the 
county  of  Franklin  and  about  thirty  rods  southerly  of  the 
meeting-house  of  that  place.  The  stage  road  passes  over 
the  ground  and  crosses  the  brook  on  a  small  bridge  pre- 
cisely where  Lothrop  passed.  A  rude  monument  was 
erected  near  the  place  of  attack,  some  time  after  the  ca- 
tastrophe, on  the  east  side  of  the  public  way,  but  is  now 
gone  to  decay,  and  two  plain  flagstones  are  its  only  re- 
mains. 

Many  of  Lothrop's  company  were  from  the  most  re- 
spectable families  in  this  county.  Several  that  were  slain 
were  from  Salem.  Lothrop  was  an  active,  intelligent  and 
useful  man.  While  within  the  limits  of  Salem  he  often 
held  its  chief  oflices  and  was  a  member  of  the  church 
there  before  1636.  He  was  made  a  freeman  in  1634  and 
had  a  grant  of  thirty  acres  of  land  in  1636.  He  was  an 
active  and  brave  officer ;  and  as  such  was  in  several  con- 
tests with  the  Indians  and  French.  About  1654  he  was 
a  captain  under  Major  Sedgwick  at  the  taking  of  St. 
Johns.  He  came  from  England,  where  he  left  a  brother. 
He  brought  over  a  sister  Ellen,  who  became  the  second 
wife  of  Ezekiel  Cheever,  the  noted  schoolmaster  of  Bos- 
ton. He  left  a  widow,  Bethiah,  daughter  of  eToshua  Rea 
and  afterwards  wife  of  Joseph  Grafton.  He  had  no  chil- 
dren. He  was  probably  more  than  sixty-two  years  of 
age.  His  estate  was  inherited  by  his  sister  Ellen  and  was 
sold  to  Thomas  Wood  berry  by  a  deed  dated  in  1681,  ex- 
ecuted by  Thomas  Cheever  of  Maiden  as  attorney  to 
Ezekiel  and  Ellen  Cheever. 

His  house  was  on  the  southeasterly  corner  of  Ober 
street  and  of  the  way  that  leads  to  Samuel  Lovett's  wharf 
at  Mackerel  Cove. 


LEMUEL  WOOD'S  JOURNAL. 

[Continued  from  page  74,  Nos.  1,  2,  and  3,  Vol.  XIX.] 

ye  16  Last  night  there  was  a  Large  Party  of  Kcglaiirs 
Rangers  and  Light  Infantery  went  Down  the  Lake  in 
Battoes  to  see  what  they  could  Discover  they  went  Down 
as  far  as  ye  first  Narrows  but  found  no  Enemy  so  they 
Retturned  home  again.  Likewise  also  ye  Pickets  upon 
ye  Lines  was  sent  out  to  Day  on  ye  west  Sid  of  the 
Lake  they  went  about  10  miles  Down  ye  Lake  ])ut  found 
northing  of  the  Enemy  so  they  Returned  this  aft(;rnoon  a 
Party  was  sent  to  cuting  fashenes^^  to  Lay  in  ye  Bottom  of 
ye  Battoes  before  they  be  Loodcd  this  Day  there  was  a 
Row  galley  that  had  been  sunk  Last  fall  was  found  and 
got  up  to  shoer  Likewise  an  ark  that  Avas  ])uilt  within 
about  12  Days  was  Lanched  into  ye  Lake  this  night  we 
Draw  3  Days  Provision. 

ye  17  this  Day  there  was  a  Draught  out  of  each  Pro- 
vincial Rig'"^  for  to  go  into  ye  Rangers  to  fill  up  mnjor 
Rogers  Company  ye  men  to  Draw  Rangers  Pay  and  be 
Dismised  at  ye  time  the  others  Provincials  are.  this 
afternoon  there  was  a  flag  of  truce  came  in  from  Ticon- 
daroga 

ye  18  this  mor[n]ing  ye  french  flag  of  truce  y*  Came 
in  Last  night  Returned  to  Ticondroga  again  we  hear  that 
ye  Sd  flag  of  Truce  Came  to  Demand  the  ground  hear 
and  to  Give  ginaral  amherst  Leave  to  march  oft'  Pcacabcly 
if  he  Pleasd  but  if  not.*^  this  day  Tho™  Burk  a  wagner 
was  Tried  by  a  Cort  marshell  of  ye  Line  for  abusing  and 
threating  to  Strik  his  offiser  he  was  sentenced  by  ye 
Cort  marchell  to  Receive  400  Lashes  ginaral  amherst 
aproved   of  ye   above   Sentance  and   ordcrd  that  he  go 

"  Fascines  (fagots).       *<>  The  sentence  seems  not  to  have  been  completed. 

(143) 


144  LEMUEL  wood's   JOURNAL; 

Round  ye  Encampment  and  Receive  30  Larshes  at  head 
of  Each  Rig"^ 

ye  19  this  mor[n]ing  at  4  o'Clock  ye  wagner  that  was 
tryed  by  ye  Cort  marshell  yesterday  was  brought  forth  by 
the  Proves  gaurd  and  whipt  round  ye  Camp  begining  at 
forbes^^  and  so  on  to  ye  right  he  reed  30  Lashis  at  ye 
head  of  ye  4  Rig™*^  and  8  Proven chells  Battallion  and  go  at 
ye  head  of  Schylers  he  was  afterwards  Carrid  Back  to  ye 
Proves  gaurd  there  to  Remain  till  further  orders  a  Cort 
marshell  set  this  day  for  the  Trial  of  2  men  Late  of  forbes 
Rig™'  one  tryd  for  Dershen*^  was  found  gilty  and  Sen- 
tenced to  Recive  1000  Larshes  ye  other  tryd  for  Robry 
and  being  a  netoreous  offender  was  Sentenced  to  Sufer 
Death. 

ye  20  this  mor[n]ing  ye  Crimnal  y*  was  condemd  yes- 
terday was  brought  forth  to  Execusion  he  was  marched 
by  ye  Proves  gaurd  in  ye  Same  maner  as  ye  Last  Crim- 
nal was  he  was  then  Brought  to  ye  Place  where  ye  above 
mentined  crimnal  was  Executed  to  be  Shot  in  ye  maner 
as  he  Loves  when  he  came  to  ye  Place  of  Execution  he 
was  very  Lorth  to  Die  they  could  not  Perswad  him  to 
kneel  down  to  be  Shot  they  then  tied  him  hand  and  foot 
but  Could  not  make  him  Stand  still  they  then  took  and 
tied  [him]  to  an  old  Log  and  he  hung  Down  under  Sid  ye 
Log  they  then  fird  and  killed  him  this  Day  we  Draw 
fresh  Provision  for  3  Days.  And  salt  for  2  Expecting  to 
go  of  tomorow  but  had  no  time  to  Cuk 

ye  21  this  mor[n]ing  the  armey  Embarked  for  Ticon- 
deroga  and  rowed  Down  the  Lake  ye  Rowgaliys  and  ye 
ark  in  ye  front  of  ye  armey  and  ye  Sloop  in  ye  Rear, 
ye  wind  Blew  fresh  at  Southeast  ye  weather  was  Coul 
and  Cloudy  about  2  o'Clock  we  got  to  ye  first  Narrowes 
about  3  or  4  o'Clock     it  began  to  Rain  and  Rained  most 

<iForbush's?  *2  Desertion. 


THE   CANADA    EXPEDITION.  145 

of  ye  after  noon  Ave  Kowed  on  Down  yo  Lake  and  Sun 
about  an  hour  high  we  Pased  by  8a])bath  Day  Point  and 
rowd  Down  within  a  mile  or  2  of  ye  Second  narrowes 
where  we  Lay  in  our  boats  all  night 

ye  22  this  nior[n]ing  we  went  on  and  Pasod  throw  ye 
narrowes  and  came  in  Sight  of  ye  Landing  Place  But  Saw^ 
no  men  there  we  went  on  &  Landed  ye  Rangers  Light  in- 
fantery  and  granaders  together  with  Pugles  and  wiliards 
Rio:™'  Landed  al)out  8  o'Clock  on  ye  East  Sid  of  the  Lake 
and  went  round  in  ye  woods  to  ye  top  of  an  high  rise 
where  we  had  a  vew  of  Crown  Point  South  Bay  and  Part 
of  Lake  Champlain  &  ye  Regluers  went  and  Landed  with- 
out any  oposition  we  that  Landed  on  ye  East  Sid  of  ye 
Lake  went  on  through  ye  Avoods  till  we  came  near  ye  fort 
ye  Enemy  tird  at  our  men  a  Crost  ye  River  but  hurt  not 
a  man  we  then  thurned*^  our  courses  and  went  to  ye  mills 
where  we  Expected  to  find  a  Strong  fortress  but  when  we 
came  there  we  found  no  Encampment  nor  fort  nor  a  man 
there  the  mills  was  in  ye  Same  Pasture  yt  we  Left  them 
Last  year  after  major  Rogers  burned  them  Down,  major 
Rogers  with  his  men  went  over  ye  flats  at  ye  mills  to  ye 
west  Sid  of  ye  Lake  ye  Enemy  met  them  there  and  they 
had  a  Littel  Engagement  major  Rogers  soon  Drove  them 
back  killed  some  and  took  2  or  3  Prisonors  ye  Rig*"*  of 
Rugals  and  wiliards  marched  Down  on  ye  East  Sid  of  ye 
River  till  we  Came  Down  withen  about  half  a  mile  of  ye 
fort  there  we  [went]  to  building  a  Brest  work  with  all 
Expedition  ye  Reglaurs  and  Rangers  went  over  ye  river 
at  ye  mills  and  went  to  Clearing  a  Road  for  ye  Canon  as 
fast  as  Posibal  ye  french  and  Indians  Came  out  and  kept 
fiering  and  yeling  most  Part  of  ye  afternoon  we  went 
Down  a  gainst  [ye]  fort  very  near  to  it  where  we  had  a 

*>  Turned. 
HIST.   COLL.  XIX  10 


146  LEMUEL   wood's   JOURNAL; 

fair  view  of  it  we  [have]  near  200  tents  Pitched,  there 
was  3  Sloops  in  ye  Lake  near  ye  fort  and  a  great  Number 
of  Battoes  about  3  or  4  o'Clock  in  ye  afternoon  ye  french 
Sent  one  Sloop  and  about  30  Battoes  Loaded  by  Sun  Set 
we  got  our  Brest  work  in  good  order  and  Came  into  it 
all  but  Singal  Senterye  all  Round  it  we  kept  in  ye  Brest 
work  this  night  one  half  of  us  stood  up  by  the  Brest 
work  all  night  and  ye  other  half  sleept  this  night  all  was 
very  still  there  was  no  tiering  till  towards  Day  when  our 
men  at  ye  mills  was  alarmed  and  a  Number  of  guns  was 
fird  and  one  of  our  Centerys  tird  at  ye  same  time  but  we 
knew  not  whether  there  [was]  any  Enemy  or  night.** 

ye  23  this  mor[n]ing  we  finished  ye  Brest  work  and 
Cleard  up  ye  Bushes  all  round  it  Last  night  there  was  a 
man  that  was  taken  by  ye  french  when  fort  william  henery 
was  taken  &  had  been  with  them  Ever  sence  he  Ran 
away  from  ye  fort  and  Came  to  our  men  he  informed  y' 
there  was  but  about  2000  men  at  the  fort  that  thay  had 
got  there  valluabel  affects  on  bord  in  order  to  go  oflf  if 
need  this  morning  when  we  Came  to  vew  ye  fort  again  we 
saw  that  all  there  tents  was  struck  and  gone  and  there 
arose  a  great  Smoke  from  ye  fort  it  was  soon  noised  y'  ye 
fort  was  on  fier  but  afterwards  we  found  it  was  not  ye  fort 
but  [that]  they  [had]  set  there  huts  on  fier  and  houses 
near  the  fort  they  Came  out  in  Small  Parties  and  fierd  our 
Reglaurs  but  it  did  no[t]  Contina  Long  our  men  kept 
geting  up  ye  Canon  and  geting  it  over  the  falls  as  fast  as 
Possabel  our  Reglaurs  Drove  out  towards  ye  fort  and 
about  9  o'clock  they  Came  befoer  ye  french  brestwork 
but  saw  no  man  there  they  soposed  ye  Enemy  Lay  Close 
that  they  might  not  be  Discovered  our  men  Sent  3  or  4 
men  to  ye  brestwork  to  see  what  was  there     when  they 

**  These  last  two  words  are  ambiguous. 


THE    CANADA    EXPEDITION.  147 

Came  to  ye  Trenches  they  found  not  a  man  there  our 
army  Rushed  on  and  took  Posession  of  there  Brest  work 
ye  french  fird  with  there  Canon  from  ye  fort  on  our  men 
very  Smart  but  did  Littel  or  no  Damages  our  Peopel  Set 
to  trenching  within  there  Brestwork  ye  french  Continud 
iireing  with  there  Canon  and  throwind  Bombs  at  our  men 
But  Could  not  Drive  them  oft*,  we  on  ye  East  Sid  of  ye 
River  Lay  in  open  view  of  ye  fort  about  noon  ye  french 
fird  2  Canon  aCrost  ye  River  at  us  l)ut  did  not  come 
near  us  a])out  2  o'Clock  our  Rig™*  was  ordered  Back  to  ye 
mills  from  thence  we  went  back  to  our  Battoes  weary  and 
very  hungry  having  had  northing  to  Eat  Scnce  we  first 
Landed  we  no  Sooner  got  to  ye  Landind  Place  l)ut  we  was 
Put  to  drawing  Canon  to  ye  mills  which  we  did  and  got 
back  again  Some  time  in  ye  night  and  Lay  Down  ye 
french  kept  fireing  with  there  Canon  all  night  by  times 
and  our  Peopel  was  buise  all  nite  giting  up  Canon  and 
artilery  Stoers.  ye  man  that  Came  in  Last  night  from 
the  french  informd  y*  ginarel  montcalm^^  had  been  at 
Ticonderoga  not  Long  ago  wdth  a  Strong  armey  but  there 
Came  a  mesenger  to  him  from  Canada  y*  informd  him 
that  ginarel  Woolf  with  ye  English  fleet  had  got  w^then 
3  Leegs  of  Quebeck  &  Landed  his  army  upon  which 
ginaral  mont  Calm  Drew  off"  all  his  fosers  for  ye  Relief  of 
old  Canada.'*^ 

ye  24  this  mor[n]ing  Coll  Rug^*^'  Reg™'  was  ordered 
away  from  there  Post  on  y*  East  Sid  of  ye  River  they 
therew  Down  there  Bre[s]twork  and  went  back  to  ye  mills 


*»  The  French  General. 

40  Gen.  Wolfe  was  on  his  way  by  water  with  8,000  men  under  his  command  A-om 
Louisburg  to  Quebec,  where  he  expected  to  meet  Gen.  Amherst  with  the  land 
forces,  and  unitedly  to  attack  the  city.  The  difficulty  of  travelling  caused  Am- 
herst to  be  behind  time.  Wolfe  landed  and  encamped  on  the  island  of  Orleans. 
These  memoranda  give  a  valuable  historical  fact  that  Montcalm  was  at  Ticonderoga 
when  Wolfe  made  his  advent  in  the  St.  Lawrence  river. 


148  LEMUEL  wood's  JOURNAL; 

to  Stay  there  for  ye  Present  and  our  Kig""*  and  Coll  Whi- 
tens was  to  Stay  at  ye  Landing  Place  we  to  tranceport  ye 
Stoers  to  ye  mills  and  Coll  Rugles  from  there  to  ye 
trenches  which  we  was  very  buise  in  doing  all  day — our 
men  got  up  there  Canon  and  morters  and  amunition  as  fast 
as  Posibal  but  fird  not  a  gun  at  ye  fort  yet  all  Day  ye 
Enemy  Kept  firing  at  our  men  at  ye  trenches  but  as  we 
heard  they  did  Littel  or  no  Damages  our  men  got  some 
pieces  of  Canon  Down  to  ye  Lake  Sid  on  ye  north  or  nor- 
west  Sid  of  ye  fort  to  Cut  off  there  Comunication  to 
Crown  Point  which  it  Could  not  fail  to  do  ye  Lake  being 
not  very  wide  at  y'  Place  this  mor[n]ing  ye  ginarals 
Barg  was  taken  out  of  Lake  george  and  Drawn  a  Crost 
ye  Carring  Place  and  put  into  Lake  Champlain  Just  be- 
low ye  mills  Last  night  we  had  one  man  kiled  at  ye 
trenches  and  another  had  his  arm  Shot  of  with  a  Canon 
Ball  and  10  or  12  more  wounded,  by  our  own  men  this 
afternoon  there  a  great  Quanity  of  Ball  and  Shell  Sent  up 
to  ye  trenches  &  some  morters. 

ye  25  this  mor[n]ing  ye  great  morter  was  Sent  up  to 
ye  trenches  and  Some  Large  Canon  we  was  Informd  y* 
Last  night  ye  french  Sailled  out  of  ye  fort  and  set  upon 
our  men  but  did  them  no  Damages.  Last  nite  ye  New 
hampshear  Regmt  was  Sent  up  to  ye  Lake  to  go  to  oswe- 
go  this  mor[n]ingwehad  6  men  Kiled  in  ye  trench  with 
a  bomb  and  Some  moer  hurt  the  french  Kept  fiering  Day 
and  night  at  our  men  in  ye  trench  while  they  offerd  them 
no  abuse  at  all  as  ye*^  this  afternoon  Coll  Townshend  who 
was  aid-De-Camp  to  ginarial  Amherst  who  was  Cut  of  in 
two  Parts  with  a  Canon  Ball  as  he  was  a  Rideing  at  ye 
generals  Side  near  ye  Trenches.  We  heard  that  there  was 
a  great  Number  of  Battoes  Coming  from  Crown  Point  to 
Ticonderoga  suposd  to  be  4000  men  at  Least 

«7  The  Joui-nalist  seems  to  have  omitted  some  words  here. 


THE   CANADA   EXPEDITION.  149 

ye  26  Last  night  ye  French  fird  with  there  Canon  very 
briskely  all  night  at  our  men  in  ye  trenches  but  Did  them 
Littel  Damages,  this  mor[n]ing  there  was  3  Rogaleys 
Drawn  out  of  Lake  george  a  Crost  to  ye  mills  and  Put 
into  Lake  Champlain  and  Some  Battos  and  whale  Botes 
Drawn  at  ye  same  time  Ave  Drew  up  Cheaf  of  ye  Canon 
all  but  a  few  Peaces  of  Small  Canon  and  a  great  Quan- 
tity of  Powder  ball  &  Shell  this  Day  about  noon  ye  flat 
Bottomd  boat  Came  Down  from  fort  william  Henry  with 
60  horses  on  Bord  her  &  Wagons  on  Bord  I^attoes  they 
was  Imeadiately  Set  to  Work  Caring  up  Stoars  and  ami- 
nition  up  to  ye  trenches  ye  Carpanders  ware  Sent  up  this 
afternoon  to  Lay  Platfoarms  for  the  Canon  and  giting  all 
things  Ready  to  open  ye  liamheren^^^  to-morrow  mor[n]- 
ing  at  Brake  of  day  and  Show  ye  french  what  they  Could 
Do  this  Day  we  had  8  men  Killed  in  ye  Trenches  and 
about  20  wounded  ye  Lidians  Killed  2  men  of  wosters 
Pig""  near  ye  fort  as  they  was  Cuting  fasheans*^  ye  Ene- 
my kept  a  Pretty  steady  fiering  all  this  Day  and  in  ye 
Eve[njing  till  about  8  or  9  oClock  when  they  Left  fiering 
and  took  what  they  could  carry  of  with  them  and  Pushed 
of  Leaving  a  match  to  there  magazine  about  11  o'Clock  at 
night  ye  magazien  took  fier  and  l)lew  up  ye  Noise  of  it  was 
heard  by  our  men  at  ye  Landing  Place  it  was  very  Lowd 
and  Shaking  our  men  did  not  march  to  ye  fort  till 
mor[n]ing  ye  french  Sett  tier  to  there  Barracks  burnt 
Down  and  Som  Part  of  ye  fort  was  hurt  but  ye  fort  l)e- 
ing  Chefely  Stone  &  Lime  magor  Rogers  with  his  men 
Pursud  after  them  in  whale  boats  towards  Crown  Point 
and  over  took  some  of  them  and  took  a  good  Quantity 
of  Powder  from  them  and  about  20  Prisenors  it  is  gin- 
arlly  thought  in  ye  army  y'  ye  french  when  they  Left  ye 

*•  Hammerers  ?  <»  Fascines  (fagots). 


150  LEMUEL   wood's   JOURNAL; 

fort  Bound  there  English  Prisenors  to  ye  magazien  and 
Left  them  to  be  blown  up 

ye  27  this  mor[n]ing  our  Peopel  went  into  ye  fort 
Struck  ye  flag  hoisted  ye  English  in  its  Place  they  found 
in  ye  fort  15  Pieses  of  Canon  Great  and  Small  and  2-13 
inch  morters  and  Sevarel  other  small  morters  they  also 
found  about  200  barils  of  gun  Powder  but  no  Provision 
worth  anything  nor  but  very  Littel  Plunder  of  any  Sort 
in  ye  whole  of  this  Siege  we  had  not  more  than  20  men 
Killed  and  70  wounded. 

ye  28  the  4  Reg™*^  Lyman  fitches  wosters  and  Schylers 
was  set  to  work  to  Repare  ye  fort  Rugles  Reg™'  with  ye 
Carpenders  to  build  a  Saw  mill  on  ye  Spot  where  ye 
french  mill  was.  Whiteings  willards^  and  Babcocks 
Rights  ^g^g  Stationed  at  ye  Landing  Place  to  gaurd  and 
transport  Provisions  and  whalebots  and  Battoes  a  Crost 
ye  Carring  Place  to  Lake  Champlain  our  Duty  Very 
heard  at  work  a  days  and  on  gaurd  a  Nights  and  our  Pro- 
vision only  Pork  and  Bread.^^ 

ye  29  this  Day  there  [was]  Preaching  through  [ou]t  ye 
army  to  give  thanks  to  god  for  ye  Success  of  his  mages- 
tys  Arms  Coll  whitens  Rig*"*"  and  ours^^  Joind  with  ye 
few  men  we  had  off  Duty  whitens  Chapline  preachd  from 
1  Cronicles  5*^  Chapter  &  20'^  Verse  this  was  ye  third 
Sermon  we  heard  sence  we  left  home. 

ye  30  this  day  our  Scouts  y'  Came  in  from  Crown  point 
informd  that  there  was  a  great  number  of  tents  Pitchd 
there  300  at  Least  but  they  saw  no  man.  by  a  Deserter 
that  Came  in  this  Day  we  was  informed  yt  they  was  all 
falss. 


60  This  was  the  regiment  to  which  the  journalist  belonged. 
*iThi8  labor  was  caused  by  the  falls  in  the  stream  that  connects  Lake  George 
and  Lake  Champlain,  which  obstructed  navigation. 
52  Williard's. 


THE   CANADA   EXPEDITION.  151 

ye  31  this  day  we  heard  from  Crown  Point  y*  ye  fort 
Blown  up  and  all  ye  french  gone  but  we  not  give  much 
heed  to  this  News  we  heard  also  that  we  heard  that*^  gen- 
arial  wolf  with  the  English  fleet  had  got  Presesion  of  ye 
Hand  of  orlands  and  throAvn  Boml)s  into  the  City  of  Quc- 
beck  till  he  had  Leaveld  it  to  ye  ground  but  we  Credited 
this  News  about  as  much  as  ye  other. ^  this  day  a  Cen- 
tery  of  Coll  Rugles  2^  Battelion  shot  a  Higlilandcr  yt 
was  going  to  Carj^  off*  a  Bot  yt  ye  Ccntery  had  ye  Charge 
of  ye  Centery  was  Confind  and  trid  by  a  genarl  Cort 
marshall  and  was  iudged  to  have  Done  his  Duty  and  was 
therefoer  acquited. 

wensday  August  ye  1  we  had  news  by  some  Hangers 
yt  Came  from  Crown  point  this  mor[n]ing  yt  ye  fort  was 
actually  on  tier  y'  they  went  into  it  and  walked  Kound  on 
ye  wals  y*-  ye  french  was  all  gone.  Leut  Fhitcher  Avho 
was  out  with  [a]  Party  Declard  that  he  set  his  name  on 
ye  flag  Staf  this  mor[n]ing.  at  a  genaril  Cort  marshell 
this  day  one  tho".  Badly^^  of  Late  forbes  Rig'"*  acusd  of 
theft  was  found  guilty  and  Sentence (d)  to  liecive  1500 
Lashes  william  Kay  of  gages  Lite  infentery  tryd  for 
insolance  found  gilty  &  Sentenced  to  Kecive  500  Larslies 
Thomas  Read  and  John  Rease  both  of  Late  forljes 
Rig™^  trid  for  mutiny  and  found  gilty  thos  Read  Sen- 
tenced to  Sufer  dearth  and  iohn  Rease  to  Recive  500 
Lashes  we  Draw  4  Days  Provision  and  Quart  of  Peas 
Per  man. 

ye  2  this  day  we  had  Cartin  news  that  Crown  Point 
was  Desarted  major  Rogers  went  with  150  Rangers  to 
take  Prosesion  of  it     ye  Reglaur  Rig""*^  w^as  ordered  to 


"These  last  three  words  are  a  redundance. 

"The  story  must  have  sounded  ridiculous  to  those  acquainted  with  the  St. 
Lawrence  river  as  the  island  of  Orleans  is  nine  miles  fi-om  Quebec,  a  good  dis- 
tance for  those  times  to  fire  bombs  so  effectively  as  to  level  the  city. 

»»  Bradley  ? 


152 

be  in  a  Readiness  for  marching  as  soon  as  ordered  as  also 
ye  Reg™^  of  Schylers  Fitches  Babcocks  &  Willards^^  ye 
other  Rig™*'  to  stay  behind  But  afterwards  our  Rigmt 
was  orderd  to  Remain  at  ye  Landing  Place  and  Rogle- 
ses  2^  Battalion  to  march  in  their  roome.  as  ye  army  was 
now  all  in  alms  for  marching  for  ye  reduction  of  all  Can- 
ada ye  generl  was  Pleasd  to  wipe  of  ye  Crime  of  ye 
Prisenors  now  under  ye  sentance  of  a  Cort  marshell  and 
parden  offences  for  there  futer  good  Behaviour. 

ye  3  Camp  news  yt  general  montcalm  is  falen  into  ye 
hands  of  genarl  woolf  yt  woolf  has  alnost  if  not  Quit 
Destroyd  Quebeck  y^  he  had  Run  upon  them  in  there 
trenches  5  or  6  times  and  Drove  them  out  by  ye  Point  of 
ye  Bayonet  y*  ye  Enemy  was  greatly  Superiour  to  him  in 
Number,  this  Day  a  Solder  Belonging  to  forbes  Rig™* 
was  hanged  for  Dersersion  on  one  of  ye  Batteres  near  ye 
fort  with  a  Plate  hung  upon  his  brest  written  thereon 
handed^^  for  Deserting  to  ye  french  he  was  to  hang  on  ye 
gallows  till  Retteret  Beating  and  then  Burit  under  the 
gallows  with  his  french  Cloaths  with  him. 

ye  4  we  had  news  y*  genaril  Johnson  had  taken  Ni- 
gara  and  that  he  had  taken  500  Prisenors  and  y*  6  or 
7000  of  ye  french  Indians  had  Jond^  him  y*  he  had  2 
Colls  killed  in  taking  it  and  Coll  iohnson  of  ye  new  york 
forces  yesterday  genaril  amherst  with  great  Peart  of  ye 
armey  went  from  Ticonderoga  to  go  to  Crown  Point. 
Last  night  about  midnight  there  was  a  Poast  Came  in  hear 
said  to  be  an  Express  from  general  woolf.  a  Sargant  and 
12  men  was  Imeadiately  musterd  &  sent  to  gaurd  him  to 
ye  fort  But  what  news  he  Brought  we  know  not. 

\_To  he  continued.'\ 


6«To  which  the  Journalist  belonged.       ^^  Hanged.  ^s  joined. 


HISTORICAL   COLLECTIONS 


ESSEX  INSTITUTE 


Vol.  XIX.        July,  Aug.,  Sept.,  1882.        Nos.  7,  8,  9. 


ORIGIN  OF  SALEM  PLANTATION. 


By  IIi:ui?kut  B.  Adams. 


I 


One  of  the  proximate  causes  for  the  removal  of  Roger 
Conant  and  his  associates  to  the  green,  inviting  meadows 
of  Naumkeag  was  undou})tedly  the  desire  of  obtaining 
better  accommodations  for  the  pasturing  of  cattle.  Some 
of  the  colonists  had  now  gone  home  to  England  or  had  re- 
sumed their  seafaring  bfe  ;  "but  a  few  of  the  most  hon- 
est and  industrious,"  as  the  Reverend  eJohn  White  tells  us 
in  his  Planters*  Plea,  "resolved  to  stay  behind  and  take 
charge  of  the  cattle  sent  over  the  year  before."^  Not  lik- 
ing the  pastoral  facilities  of  Cape  Anne,  which  White 
says  had  been  chosen  rather  on  account  of  its  advantages 
for  fishing,  the  little  company  of  a  dozen    or  more  men, 

1  White,  Planters'  Plea,  in  Young's  Chronicles  of  Massachusetts,  12. 
This  Plea  was  obviously  written  in  the  interests  of  the  colonization  as  a  business. 
The  work  is  lull  of  flnancial  data,  matters  of  profit  and  loss  in  the  flsheriesand  fur- 
trade,  and  throws  more  light  upon  "tlie  causes  moving  such  as  have  lately  vnder- 
taken  a  plantation  in  New  England"  than  any  existing  documentary  evidence, 
apart  from  the  original  records  of  the  Massaclmsetts  Company. 

HIST.   COLL.  XIX  10*  (163) 


154  ORIGIN  OF   SALEM  PLANTATION. 

who  now  remained,  transported  themselves  with  their  fam- 
ilies and  cattle,  to  Naumkeag,  where  they  found  fresh 
fields  and  pastures  new.  A  common  for  pasture  was  Sa- 
lem, therefore,  in  its  historic  origin,  and  a  common  for 
historical  browsing  does  Salem  yet  remain. 

Another  occasion  for  the  original  occupation  of  Naum- 
keag was  the  excellent  opportunity  here  presented  for 
raising  Indian  corn.  We  are  told  by  an  almost  contem- 
porary historian,  who  probably  obtained  his  information 
from  Roger  Conant  himself,  that  Naumkeag  "aiforded  a 

considerable   quantity    of  planting   land, 

Here,"  continues  Hubbard  in  his  narrative,  "they  took  up 
their  station  upon  a  pleasant  and  fruitful  neck  of  land,  en- 
vironed with  an  arm  of  the  sea  on  each  side".^  It  ap- 
pears that  the  place  was  to  a  considerable  extent,  an  open 
tract  of  country.  It  was  certainly  the  mviting  meadow 
and  the  "quantity  of  planting  land"  which  attracted  the 
attention  of  the  first  explorers.  Here  they  found,  already 
cleared  for  their  use,  what  the  ancient  Germans  would 
have  termed  a  Mark.  Here  lay  the  camjporum  spaiia?  the 
wide-extending  open  spaces,  in  which,  according  to  Tacitus, 
the  Germans  found  division  of  land  an  easy  matter.  There 
can  be  little  doubt  that  the  first  settlers  of  Naumkeag  found 
here  as  good  an  opening  as  did  many  German  villages  in 
the  Black  Forest  or  the  Odenwald.  The  Reverend  Fran- 
cis Higginson,  in  his  New  England's  Plantation,  says, 
"Though  all  the  country  be,  as  it  were,  a  thick  wood  for 
the  general,  yet  in  divers  places,  there  is  much  ground 
cleared  by  the  Indians,  and  especially  about  the  Planta- 
tion [Naumkeag]  ;  and  I  am  told  that  about  three  miles 
from  us  a  man  may  stand  on  a  little  hilly  place  and  see  di- 


'  Young's  Chron.  of  Mass.,  21. 
'  Tacitus,  Germauia,  Cap.  26. 


ORIGIN   OF    SALEM    PLANTATION.  155 

vers  thousands  of  acres  of  ground  as  good  as  need  to  be, 
and  not  a  tree  in  the  same."^ 

It  is  one  of  the  most  interesting  facts  connected  with 
the  plantation  of  many  New  Enghmd  towns  that  they 
were  built  upon  open  spaces  formerly  cultivated  by  the  In- 
dians. Plymouth  was  planted,  not  under  "the  rocking 
pines  of  the  forest"  but  in  an  old  Indian  corn-field,  prob- 
ably near  the  site  of  some  ancient  Indian  village,  which 
had  been  devastated  by  the  pestilence  that  swept  off  so 
many  Indian  tribes  before  the  English  came  over.  The 
Pilgrim  record  says,  "we  came  to  a  conclusion  by  most 
voices,  to  set  on  the  main  land,  .  .  upon  a  high 
ground,  where  there  is  a  great  deal  of  land  cleared,  and 
hath  been  planted  with  corn  three  or  four  years  ago."^  Al- 
though there  is  no  such  original  record  of  the  planters  of 
Naumkeag,  yet  doubtless  it  was  by  some  such  informal 
vote,  by  the  agreement  of  the  greatest  number,  that 
Roger  Conant  and  his  little  company  determined  to  occupy 
this  "pleasant  and  fruitful  neck  of  land."  So  pleasant,  in 
fact,  and  at  the  same  time  so  ancient  did  the  Puritan  clergy 
afterward  consider  this   old  Indian  locality,  that  some  of 


*  Francis  Higginson,  New  England's  riantation  (Young,  244.) 
Thomas  Graves,  also,  a  professional  engineer  and  surveyor,  who  came  over  with 
Higginson,  to  lay  out  towns  and  investigate  the  resources  of  tlie  country,  its  mines, 
minerals,  salt  8])ring8,  etc.,  confirms  the  above  testimony.  Graves  had  been  a  great 
"traveller  in  divers  foreign  parts,"  but  says,  "Thus  niucli  1  can  affirm  in  general,  that 
I  never  came  in  a  more  goodly  country  in  all  my  life,  all  things  considered.  If  it 
hath  not  at  any  time  been  manured  and  husbanded,  yet  it  is  very  beautiful  in  open 
lands  mixed  with  goodly  woods,  and  again  open  plains,  in  some  places  five  hun- 
dred acres,  some  places  more,  some  less,  not  much  troublesome  for  to  clear  for 
the  plough  to  go  in;  no  place  barren  but  on  the  tops  of  the  hills.  The  grass  and 
weeds  grow  up  to  a  man's  face  in  the  lowlands,  and  by  fresh  rivers  abundance  of 
grass  and  large  meadows,  without  any  tree  or  shrub  to  hinder  the  scythe."  Graves 
says  that,  for  cattle,  corn,  and  grapes,  he  never  saw  any  such  land,  except  in  Ger- 
many and  Hungary,  to  which  latter  country  he  is  always  inclined  to  liken  New 
England.  See  Toung,  264.  For  an  interesting  note  on  Thomas  Graves,  see  Young, 
152. 

»  Mourt'8  Relation,  or  the  Journal  of  Bradford  and  Winslow,  in  Young's  Chron- 
icles of  the  Pilgrims,  124, 107, 206,  229;  Young's  Chron.  of  Mass.  244. 


156  ORIGIN   OF   SALEM   PLANTATION. 

the  more  learned  divines  were  disposed  to  identify  Naiim- 
keag  with  the  Hebrew  Nahumkeike,  signifying  by  inter- 
pretation, the  "bosom  of  consolation,"  or,  as  Cotton 
Mather  said,  a  "haven  of  comfort."^  And  Francis  Hig- 
ginson,  who,  with  "a  company  of  honest  planters,"  joined 
the  original  settlers,  called  the  place  Salem  from  the  Peace,^ 
which  they  found  here ;  although,  according  to  another 
account,  there  arose  some  little  jealousy  between  the  old 
and  new  comers,  which  was  finally  allayed,  the  new  He- 
brew name  then  replacing  the  old  by  common  consent  to 
commemorate  the  establishment  of  an  era  of  good  feeling 
among  neighbors.^  But  without  laying  stress  upon  pious 
etymologies,  or  upon  the  theory  that  Salem  was  once  the 
abode  of  the  lost  tribes  of  Israel,  we  may  safely  say  that 
the  discouraged  fishermen  from  Cape  Anne  found  here  a 
tolerably  attractive  opening  in  what  has  been  called  "an 
immeasurable  expanse  of  lofty  forests  shrouded  in  the  sable 
gloom  of  ages. "^  We  may  also  rest  assured  that  the  Puri- 
tans, wandering  away  from  their  mother  country  and  mother 
church,  sought  and  found  here  upon  this  beautiful  neck  of 
Indian  land,  within  the  arms  of  the  sea,  that  peace  which 
the  exiled  Dante  ^^  found  only  in  his  grave. 

The  forest  clearing  originally  occupied  by  the  planters 


«  Mather,  Magnalia,  i,  328. 

'  Higginson's  Journal  in  Young's  Chron.  of  Mass.,  21. 

8  Young,  Chron.  of  Mass.,  12,  21,  31,  145.  The  name  of  Concord,  N.  H.,  was 
thus  chosen  to  commemorate  the  establishment  of  peace  between  two  rival  juris- 
dictions. 

9  Drake,  History  and  Antiquities  of  Boston,  56  (a  passage  concerning  the  condi- 
tion of  the  country  about  Conant's  plantation). 

"Dante's  Divine  Comedy,  Inferno.  Longfellow's  Illustrations,  Letter  of  Frate 
Ilario:  "Hither  he  came,  passing  through  the  diocese  of  Luni,  moved  either  by 
the  religion  of  the  place,  or  by  some  other  feeling.  And  seeing  him,  as  yet  un- 
known to  me  and  to  all  my  brethren,  I  questioned  him  of  his  wishings  and  his 
seekings  there.  He  moved  not;  but  stood  silently  contemplating  the  columns  and 
arches  of  tlie  cloister.  And  again  I  asked  him  what  he  wished,  and  whom  he 
sought.  Then,  slowly  turning  his  head,  and  looking  at  the  friars  and  at  me,  ho 
answered :    "Peace." 


ORIGIN    OF   SALEM    PLANTATION.  157 

of  Naumkeag  was  held  by  them  in  virtual  commonage. 
They  were  acting  as  representatives  of  the  Dorchester 
Company,  which  had  sent  over  the  very  cattle  that  the 
colonists  were  now  trying  to  preserve  in  the  interest  of 
their  patrons.  For  the  encouragement  of  these  faithful 
men  and  as  an  earnest  of  future  aid  towards  the  establish- 
ment of  a  permanent  phintation,  the  Dorchester  merchants 
who  had  now  combined  with  some  London  capitalists,  sent 
over  in  1626  twenty-four  additional  kine.^^  These  also 
must  have  been  pastured  as  a  common  herd  together  with 
the  creatures  sent  over  in  1625.  A  common  of  pasturage, 
therefore,  was  the  open  country  about  Salem  from  the  very 
beginning.  There  is  some  reason  for  believing  that  plant- 
ing ground  was  taken  up  by  the  white  settlers  in  common 
with  the  Indians.  In  the  deposition  made  by  William  Dixy, 
of  Beverly,  in  1680,  to  confirm  Salem's  Indian  land  titles, 
occurs  the  following  interesting  testimony:  "I  came  to 
New  England  and  ariued  in  June  1629  at  cape  an,  where 
wee  found  the  signes  of  buildings  and  plantation  work, 
and  saw  noe  English  people,  soe  we  sailed  to  the  place  now 
caled  Salem,  where  we  found  Mr.  John  Endecott,  Gouer- 
nor  and  sundry  inhabitants  besides  :  some  of  whom  s"^ 
they  had  beene  seruants  to  the  Dorchester  company  :  &  had 
built  at  cape  an  sundry  yeares  before  wee  came  oner, — when 
we  came  to  dwell  heare  the  Indians  bid  vs  welcome  and 
shewed  themselues  very  glad  that  we  came  to  dwell  among 
them,  and  I  vnderstood  they  had  kindly  entertained  the 
English  y^  came  hether  before  wee  came,  and  the  English 
and  the  Indians  had  afeild  in  comon  fenced  in  together ''^'^ 
There  is  sufficient  evidence  of  the  friendly  relations  exist- 


*^  White,  Planter's  Plea,  in  Young's  Chron.  of  Mass.,  12. 

"  Thornton,  Landing  at  Cape  Anne,  81.  Compare  the  depositions  of  oUier  old 
settlers,  given  in  Tliornton's  appendix,  in  regard  to  the  title  from  the  Indians,  also 
the  Indian  deed  of  lands. 


158  ORIGIN  OF   SALEM  PLANTATION. 

ing  between  the  early  settlei's  and  the  natives,  and  of  the 
fact  that  both  planted  side  by  side.  Nowhere  else  in  Mas- 
sachusetts, save  in  the  town  of  Stockbridge,  have  we  as 
yet  found  more  delightful  tokens  of  a  recognized  commu- 
nity of  village  interests  between  the  white  and  red  men 
than  in  the  peaceful  town  of  Salem,  tfee  Indian  Naumkeag. 

In  Stockbridge,  Indians  not  only  owned  lands^^  in  com- 
mon with  the  whites,  but  shared  in  the  town  offices,  voted 
in  town  meeting,  and  communed  with  their  pale  faced 
brethren  in  the  church.  The  Naumkeag  Indians  were 
also  kindly  treated  by  the  white  settlers  and  frequently 
paid  them  friendly  visits,  as  did  the  Stockbridge  Indians^* 
to  their  friends  after  withdrawing  from  their  old  village- 
home. 

The  Reverend  John  White  had  promised  Roger  Conant 
by  letter  that,  if  he  and  a  few  other  faithful  men  would 
hold  fast  and  not  desert  the  business  of  the  plantation,  a 
regular  patent  should  be  procured  and  "whatever  they 
should  write  for,  either  men,  or  provision,  or  goods  where- 
with to  trade  with  the  Indians"^^  should  be  sent  over. 
Hubbard  says  Mr.  White  was  prompted  to  make  this  offer 
because  some  intimation  had  come  from  Roger  Conant 
that  the  region  of  Salem  "might  prove  a  receptacle  for  such 
as  upon  the  account  of  religion  would  be  willing  to  begin 
a  foreign  Plantation  in  this  part  of  the  world."  ^^     This 


"The-Anglo  Indian  land  commnnity  at  Montauk,  Easthampton,  Long  Island 
is  perhaps  the  most  remarkable  case  that  has  survived  until  a  recent  date.  The 
subject  has  been  investigated  by  Mr.  J.  F.  Jameson,  a  Fellow  of  the  Johns  Hop- 
kins University. 

"The  history  of  the  Stockbridge  Indians  is  under  investigation  by  the  writer  in 
connection  with  the  Evolution  of  Village  Improvement  in  the  mission  town  of  Stock- 
bridge. 

*»  Hubbard,  108.  A  fur-trade  with  the  natives  was  one  of  the  economic  foun- 
dations of  Massachusetts  as  well  as  of  Plymouth,  see  Hubbard,  110,  and  Higgin- 
8on,  in  Young's  Chron.  of  Mass.  Roger  Conant  was  an  especially  enterprising 
fur-trader.  In  1631,  he  and  Peter  Palfrey,  and  otiiers,  formed  a  Company  "for  traf- 
fic in  furs,  with  a  truck  house  at  the  eastward,"  or  as  we  should  now  say,  "down 
in  Maine,"  see  Hist.  Coll.  Essex  Inst.,  i,  102. 

"  Ibid,  107. 


ORIGIN    OF    SALEM    PLANTATION.  159 

may  have  been  Roger  Conant's  thought,  but  it  is  more 
likely  that  it  was  good  Mr.  IIub])ard's  pious  reflection,  for, 
at  the  time  of  the  alleged  communication,  Roger  Conant 
was  a  Church  of  England  man  ;  Lyford,  the  minister  of 
Naumkeag,  was  warmly  devoted  to  the  interests  of  the 
established  church,  as  his  Plymouth  career  would  show ; 
the  Reverend  John  White  himself  was  at  no  time  in  his 
life  more  than  a  very  moderate  Puritan,  for  he  is  said  to 
have  conformed  to  the  ceremonies  of  the  estabh'shed 
Church  and  he  held  church  livings  in  England  until  the 
end  of  his  days.  Mr.  White  was  a  very  philanthropic, 
learned,  and  orthodox  divine.  He  was  one  of  the  As- 
sembly which  framed  the  Westminster  catechism  and 
was  highly  respected  by  the  Puritan  party,  but  he  was 
no  extremist  or  Puritan  propagandist.^^  In  his  Planter's 
Plea,  he  tells  the  plain,  unvarnished  truth  about  the 
colonial  establishment  of  Massachusetts.  He  says  some 
of  the  adventurers  desired  to  continue  their  attempt 
at  a  plantation  ;  that  they  sent  over  more  cattle  to  en- 
courage the  old  planters  and  to  attract  others ;  they 
conferred  with  some  gentlemen  of  London  and  per- 
suaded them  to  take  stock  in  the  enterprise.  "The  bus- 
iness came  to  agitation  afresh."  Some  approved  it  and 
others  dissuaded.  The  matter  was  common  talk  in  Lon- 
don and  was  soon  noised  abroad.  Some  men  became  so 
much  interested  in  the  project  that  they  promised  "the  help 
of  their  purses  if  fit  men  might  be  procured  to  go  over." 
Upon  inquiry,  John  Endicott  and  other  good  men  were 
found,  who  were  willing  to  go  to  New  England  and  carry 
on  the  work  of  "erecting  a  new  Colony  upon  the  old  foun- 
dation." Money  was  subscribed  ;  a  patent  was  secured  ; 
and  Endicott,  with  a  few  men,  was  sent  over  to  Naum- 
keag, where  he  arrived  in  September,  1628,  "and  uniting 

"  Young's  Cliron.  of  Mass.,  26. 


160  ORIGIN   OF   SALEM    PLANTATION. 

his  own  men  with  those  which  were  formerly  planted  in 
the  country  into  one  body,  they  made  up  in  all  not  much 
above  fifty  or  sixty  persons."  From  another  source  of  in- 
formation, it  appears  that,  later  in  the  year,  a  small  band 
of  servants  was  sent  over  by  the  Massachusetts  Company, 
which  was  now  forming. 

The  Planter's  Plea  gives  us  the  raison  d'etre  of  this  en- 
enterprising  and  excellent  Company.  The  safe  arrival  of 
Endicott's  party  and  the  favorable  reports  he  sent  back  to 
England  encouraged  other  capitalists  to  join  the  enter- 
prise, and,  "all  engaging  themselves  more  deeply,"  the 
next  year  about  three  hundred  more  colonists,  ^^most  ser- 
vants," were  sent  over  with  some  horses  and  sixty  or  sev- 
enty "rother-beasts"^^  (^.  e.,  cows  and  oxen,  from  Saxon 
hrudher,  Old  German  hrind) .  The  widening  fame  of  En- 
dicott's  good  government  and  of  the  success  of  the  col- 
ony "began  to  awaken  the  spirits  of  some  persons  of  com- 
petent estates,  not  formerly  engaged."  Being  "without 
any  useful  employment  at  home"  and  thinking  to  be  ser- 
viceable in  planting  a  colony  in  New  England,  such  men, 
of  whom  doubtless  John  Winthrop,  Matthew  Cradock,  Sir 
Richard  Saltonstall,  Isaac  Johnson,  and  Thomas  Dudley 
are  good  types,  joined  the  Massachusetts  Company,  prob- 
ably with  some  remote  intention  of  going  out  to  America,- 
just  as  Englishmen  now  go  out  to  India  or  Australia.  We 
may  add  in  passing  that  Matthew  Cradock,  the  first  gov- 
ernor of  the  Company  and  the  predecessor  of  Winthrop, 
never  came  to  America  at  all,  but  he  sent  out  many  ser- 
vants who  started  for  him  a  plantation  of  2500  acres 
on  the  Mystick  River  (Medford)  and  impaled  for  him  a 
deer-park :  he  had  his  own  business-agent  in  Massachu- 
setts and  invested  capital  in  ship-building,  in  the  fisher- 

18  In  the  Statutes  of  the  Realm,  3  and  4  Edw.  vi.,  we  have  found  "An  Act  for 
the  buyinge  of  Rother  Beasts  and  Cattell". 


ORIGIN   OF    SALEM    PLANTATION.  IGl 

ies,  and  in  the  fur-trade. ^^  Mr.  White  says  that  other 
people,  "seeing  such  men  of  good  estates"  engaged  in  the 
enterprise,  some  out  of  attachment  to  these  parties  and 
"others  upon  other  respects"  (presumably  religious 
grounds),  united  with  them.  Thus  the  Company  was 
formed  and  a  competent  number  of  persons  were  secured 
to  embark  for  New  England. 

Ministers  were  provided  by  the  Company  as  a  matter 
of  course.  Even  the  Dorchester  merchants  hired  a  minis- 
ter. Messrs.  Bright  (who  was  devoted  to  the  esta])lished 
church),  Higginson,  and  Skelton  (who  were  Puritans  still 
in  the  Church)  went  out  to  New  England,  not  as  voluntary 
missionaries,  but  upon  very  good  contracts  for  those 
times,  before  men  were  passing  rich,  on  £  40  a  year. 
Higginson  was  to  have  £^30  for  his  outfit,  £10  for  books, 
free  transport  to  New  England,  a  house,  glebe-lands  and 
fire-wood,  the  milk  of  two  cows,  and  £30  a  year  for  three 
years,  at  the  end  of  which  time  "if  he  shall  not  like  to 
continue,"  he  was  to  have  free  passage  home.  Provision 
was  made  for  his  wife  and  children,  in  case  he  should  die. 
It  is  very  curious  to  note  in  the  records  of  the  Massachu- 
setts Company,  the  items  there  entered  for  the  outfit  of  the 
colony  :  Ministers,  men  skilful  in  making  pitch  and  salt, 
vine  planters,  '^^  patent  under  seal,  wheat,  rye,  barley, 
oats,  stones  of  all  sorts  of  fruit,  potatoes,  hop-roots,  hemp, 
flax,  tame  turkeys,  linen  and  woollen  cloth,  pewter  bottles, 
pint  and   quart    measures,    brass   ladles,   spoons,   kettles, 

"  Young'rt  Cln-on.  of  Mass.,  137. 

'oEndicott  wanted ''F'renclimen— experienced  in  planting  vines."  The  Com- 
l»any,  in  a  letter  to  the  (Governor,  said  ti)ey  liad  made  diligent  inquiry,  but  could 
not  get  hold  of  any  of  that  nation.  "Nevertheless",  they  say,  "God  hath  not  left 
us  altogether  unprovided  of  a  man  [Mr.  Graves]  able  to  undertake  that  work,"  i.  e. 
labor  in  the  vineyards  of  the  Mass.  Co.  Governor  fCndicott  planted  a  vineyard 
of  his  own  in  Salem.  Governor  Winthrop  agreed  to  plant  a  vineyard  upon  so- 
called  Conant's  Island,  afterwards  the  Governor's  Garden  or  Governor's  Island, 
the  yearly  rent  of  which  was  to  be  a  hogslicad  of  the  best  wyne  that  shall  grow 
there,"  payment  to  begin  after  the  death  of  the  Governor!  (Mass.  Col.  Itoc,  i,  J>4, 
139i  cf.    Young's  Chrou.  of  Mass.,  152.) 

HIST.   COLL.  XIX  11 


162  ORIGIN   OF   SALEM    PLANTATION. 

arms  and  apparel  for  100  men,  45  tun  of  beer,  and  six 
tuns  of  water,  20  gallons  of  Spanish  wine,  20  gallons  of 
aqua  vitae  and  20  gallons  of  oil  ^^ — this  for  one  ship  with 
a  hundred  passengers  I 

When  Higginson  and  three  ship  loads  of  emigrants 
reached  Naumkeag  in  June,  1629,  there  were  found  living 
under  Endicott*s  government  about  one  hundred  planters. 
"We  brought  with  us,"  says  Higginson,  who  does  not 
count  servants,^  "about  two  hundred  passengers  and  plant- 
ers more,  which,  by  common  consent  of  the  old  planters, 
were  all  combined  together  into  one  body  politic,  under  the 
same  Governor.  There  are  in  all  of  us,  both  old  and  new 
planters,  about  three  hundred,  whereof  two  hundred  of 
them  are  settled  at  Nehum-kek  now  called  Salem,  and 
the  rest  have  planted  themselves  at  Masathulets  Bay,  be- 
ginning to  build  a  town  there,  which  we  do  call  Cherton 
or  Charles  town.  We  that  are  settled  at  Salem  make 
what  haste  we  can  to  build  houses,  so  that  within  a  short 
time  we  shall  have  a  fair  town."^  This  account  was  writ- 
ten before  the  end  of  September,  1629,  so  that  it  appears 
the  town-life  of  the  Massachusetts  colony  was  already  be- 
ginning to  bud  and  blossom  in  the  wilderness. 

The  appearance  of  Salem  at  the  time  of  Higginson's 
arrival  is  pleasantly  described  by  that  entertaining  divine, 


31  Mass.  Col.  Records,  i,  23-7. 

2s  Barry,  History  of  Mass.,  i,  165.  Barry  thinks  there  were  one  hundred  and 
eighty  servants  sent  over  to  Salem. 

23  "New  England's  Plantation,  Or  a  Short  and  Trve  Description  of  the  Com- 
modities and  Discommodities  of  that  Countrey,  Written  by  Mr.  Higgeson,  a  reu- 
erend  Diuine  there  resident.  Whereunto  is  added  a  Letter,  sent  by  Mr.  Graues, 
an  Enginere,  out  of  New-England.  The  thii-d  Edition,  enlarged  I"  (See  Young's 
Chron.  of  Mass.,  258-9).  The  publisher,  in  a  prefatory  note,  says  the  work  was 
"not  intended  for  the  press."  "It  was  written  by  a  reverend  divine  now  there  living, 
who  only  sent  it  to  some  friends  liere  which  were  desirous  of  his  Relations." 
Possibly  the  letter  of  Mr.  Graves,  the  professional  engineer,  who  was  employed 
by  the  Company,  was  also  not  intended  for  publication,  but  his  brief  report  and 
Higginson's  long  and  highly  interesting  account  of  the  plantation  quickly  found 
their  way  into  print.  Higginson's  glowing  sketch  went  through  three  editions 
in  a  single  year,  showing  a  mai'ked  public  interest  in  the  fortunes  of  the  ]\[assachu- 
setts  colony. 


ORIGIN   OF   SALEM    PLANTATION.  163 

who  though  perhaps  a  trifle  inclined  to  view  the  colonial 
fields  of  Massachusetts  through  benignant  glasses,  can  be 
safely  followed  in  local  matters  which  he  must  have  regarded 
with  tolerably  clear  vision.  "  When  we  came  first  to  Ne- 
hum-kek,"  he  says  very  simply,  "we  found  about  half  a 
score  houses,  and  a  fair  house  newly  built  for  the  Governor." 
The  Governor  had  a  garden  with  lot  of  green  pease  grow- 
ins:  in  it,  as  ofood  as  were  ever  seen  in  En2:land.  There 
were  also  in  the  plantation  plenty  of  turnips,  parsnips, 
carrots,  pumpkins,  and  cucumbers.  The  Governor  had 
planted  a  vineyard  with  great  hope  of  increase.  An 
abundance  of  corn  was  growing.  The  planters  hoped 
that  year  to  harvest  more  than  a  hundred  fold.  Higijjinson 
says  it  is  almost  incredible  what  great  crops  of  Indian 
corn  the  planters  have  raised.  One  man  told  him  that 
from  the  setting  of  thirteen  gallons  of  corn  he  had  had  an 
increase  of  fifty-two  hogsheads,  every  hogshead  holding 
seven  bushels,  London  measure,  and  every  bushel  had 
been  sold  to  the  Indians  for  an  amount  of  beaver  skins 
equivalent  to  eighteen  shillings.  Thus,  from  thirteen 
gallons  of  corn,  worth  six  shillings,  eight  pence,  reckons 
the  good  minister,  a  single  farmer  made  in  one  year  about 
£327,  or  over  $1,500.  We  must  make  allowance  for 
good-natured  ministerial  arithmetic  and  for  the  use  of  a 
very  large  sized  fish  as  fertilizer  in  every  hill  of  the  old 
planters'  corn,  but  we  may,  with  probable  truth,  picture 
to  ourselves  a  tolerably  flourishing  plantation  made  up  of 
individual  gardens  and  home-lots.  We  know  that  the 
old  planters  took  up  lands  for  themselves  from  the  fact 
that  Governor  Endicott  was  instructed  by  the  INIassachu- 
setts  Company  in  the  spring  of  1629,  to  allow  the  first 
comers  to  keep  "those  lands  w*^*^  formerly  they  have 
manured  ;"^*  and  the  above  account  of  the  success  of  one 
planter  would  indicate  that  at  least  the  arable  lands  were 

**  Mass.  Col.  Rec,  1,  388. 


164  ORIGIN   OF   SALEM    PLANTATION. 

occupied  in  severalty.  Hiofginson  gives  us  to  understand 
that  even  servants  were  to  enjoy  each  the  use  of  fifty 
acres.  Some  intimation,  thereupon,  of  the  plan  proposed 
by  the  Massachusetts  Company,  May  19,  1629  (whereby 
each  adventurer  in  the  common  stock  was  to  have  fifty 
acres  for  every  member  of  his  family  and  for  every  servant 
transported) 2^  appears  already  to  have  reached  the  planta- 
tion. There  was  land  enough  for  all.  "Great  pity  it  is," 
says  Higginson,  "to  see  so  much  good  ground  for  corn 
and  for  grass  as  any  is  under  the  heavens,  to  lie  alto- 
gether unoccupied,  when  so  many  honest  men  and  their 
families  in  Old  England,  through  the  populousness  there- 
of, do  make  very  hard  shift  to  live  one  by  the  other." 
The  Indians  do  not  object  to  the  coming  and  planting  of 
the  English  here,  because  there  is  an  abundance  of 
ground  which  the  Indians  can  neither  use  nor  possess. 
This  land,  he  asserts,  is  fitted  "  for  pasture  or  for  plough 
or  meadow  ground."  As  for  wood,  a  poor  servant  may 
have  more  timber  and  fuel  than  could  many  a  nobleman 
in  England.  Nay,  all  Europe  could  not  afibrd  to  make 
so  great  fires  as  New  England.  And  as  for  fresh  water, 
he  continues,  the  country  is  full  of  dainty  springs,  and 
some  great  rivers,  and  some  lesser  brooks.  Near  Salem 
we  have  as  fine  clear  water  as  we  could  desire,  and  we 
can  dig  wells  and  find  water  wherever  we  please. ^^ 

Higginson's  account  of  the  attractions  of  Salem  is  to 
some  extent  confirmed  by  William  Wood,  who  came 
over  to  this  country  with  Higginson,  for  a  tour  of  obser- 
vation, and  wrote  a  very  good  description  of  the  Massa- 
chusetts towns  that  were  planted  before  his  return  to 
England  in  August,  1633.  Wood's  account  of  Salem  is 
not  quite  so  flattering  to  local  pride,  but  it  enables  the 
reader   to  obtain  a   very  matter-of-fact  picture,  entirely 

"  Ibid,  43. 

26 Higginson,  New  igngland's  Plantation  (in  Young's  Chron.  of  Mass.,  242-64). 


ORIGIN    OF   SALEM    PLANTATION.  1G5 

free  from  any  suspicion  of  coideur  de  rose.  "  Four  miles 
north-east  from  Saugus,"  says  Wood,  "lieth  Salem,  which 
stands  on  the  middle  of  a  neck  of  land  very  pleasantly, 
having  a  South  river  on  the  one  side,  and  a  North  river 
on  the  other  side.  Upon  this  neck,  where  the  most  of 
the  houses  stand,  is  very  bad  and  sandy  ground.  Yet, 
for  seven  years  together,  it  hath  brought  forth  exceeding 
good  corn,  by  being  fished  but  every  third  year.  In 
some  places  is  very  good  ground,  and  very  good  timl)er, 
and  divers  springs  hard  by  the  sea-side.  Here,  likewise, 
is  store  of  tish,  as  basses,  eels,  lobsters,  clams,  &(.\ 
Although  their  land  be  none  of  the  best,  yet  beyond  those 
rivers  is  a  very  good  soil,  where  they  have  taken  farms, 
and  get  their  hay,  and  plant  their  corn.  There  they 
cross  these  rivers  with  small  canoes,  which  are  made  of 
whole  pine  trees,  being  about  two  foot  and  a  half  over, 
and  twenty  foot  long.  In  these  likewise  they  go  a  fowl- 
ing, sometimes  tw^o  leagues  to  sea.  There  be  more  ca- 
noes'^^  in  this  town,  than  in  all  the  whole  Patent;  every 
household  having  a  w^ater-horse  or  tw^o.  The  town  wants 
an  alewife  river,  which  is  a  great  inconvenience.  It  hath 
two  good  harbours,  the  one  being  called  Winter,  and  the 
other  Summer  harbour,  which  lieth  within  Derl)y's  fort; 
which  place,  if  it  were  well  fortified,  might  keep  ships 
from  landing  of  forces  in  any  of  these  two  places."^* 

In  this  sketch  of  primitive  Salem  we  see  foreshadowed 
a  rising  city  by  the  sea.  These  rude  gondolas  plying 
across  the  rivers  and  up  and  down  the  harbor  represent 
for  a  simple  agrarian  folk  that  same  in-dwelling  maritime 
spirit  which  gradually  transformed  the  rude  fisherman  of 
the  Adriatic  lagoons  into  merchant  princes,  trading  with 
the  Eastern  Empire  as  the  merchants  of  Salem  were  des- 
tined to  trade  with  the  farthest  Orient.       The  beginning 

"III  1G36,  Roger  Counnt  was  on  Uie  committee  lor  inspectingthe  canoes  of  Sulem. 
«8  William  Wood,  New  England'a  Prospect,  iu  Young's  Clxrou.  of  Mass.,  409-10. 


166  ORIGIN   OF   SALEM    PLANTATION. 

of  Salem's  foreign  trade  was  precisely  like  that  of  Venice, 

namely,  furnishing  salt  fish  to  Catholic  countries,  a  trade 

which  developed  into  the  import  of  silks  and  spices  of 

the  Orient.      In  a  recent   poem  by  a  son  of  Salem,  who 

looks  back  upon  the  first  settlement  of  this  place  through 

the  field-glass  of  History,  the  bard  exclaims 

Yonder  we  see  from  the  North  River  shore 
The  farmers  of  the  region  paddling  o'er !  ^' 

And  the    poet- sculptor   Story,    living  under    dreamy 

Italian  skies,  has  sung  of  Salem  his  native  town. 

•  Ah  me,  how  many  an  autumn  day 

We  watched  with  palpitating  breast 
Some  stately  ship,  from  India  or  Cathay, 
Laden  with  spicy  odours  from  the  East, 
Come  sailing  up  the  bay  !^° 

39  From  a  poem  by  the  Rev.  Charles  T.  Brooks,  at  the  Celebration  of  the  Two 
Hundred  and  Fiftieth  Anniversary  of  the  Landing  of  Endicott,  Historical  Collec- 
tions of  the  Essex  Institute,  xv,212. 

8°  From  an  ode  by  William  W.  Story,  on  the  above  occasion,  ibid,  236. 
The  Visitor's  Guide  to  Salem  (H.  P.  Ives,  1880)  says,  page  6,  "Salem  has  had  a 
most  remarkable  commercial  record.  In  1825  there  were  one  hundred  and  ninety- 
eight  vessels  owned  in  Salem.  In  1833  there  were  one  hundred  and  eleven  engaged 
in  foreign  trade.  Salem  'led  the  way  from  New  England  round  the  Cape  of  Good 
Hope  to  the  Isle  of  France,  and  India  and  China.  Her  vessels  were  the  first  from 
this  country  to  display  the  American  flag  and  open  trade  with  St.  Petersburg,  and 
Zanzibar,  and  Sumatra;  with  Calcutta  and  Bombay;  with  Batavia  and  Arabia; 
with  Madagascar  and  Australia.'" 

The  Rev.  Charles  T.  Brooks  has  put  into  verse  a  story  familiar  to  Salem  people 
of  the  grandeur  of  this  city  as  viewed  in  the  imagination  of  the  Orient. 

Some  native  merchant  of  the  East,  they  say, 
•  (Whether  Canton,  Calcutta  or  Bombay), 

Had  in  his  counting-room  a  map,  whereon 

Across  the  field  in  capitals  was  drawn 

The  name  of  Salem,  meant  to  represent 

That  Salem  was  the  Western  Continent, 

While  in  an  upper  corner  was  put  down 

A  dot  named  Boston,  SALEM'S  leading  town.  Ibid,  215. 
On  the  subject  of  Salem's  oriental  trade,  see  article  by  Robert  S.  Rantoul,  on 
"Old  Channels  of  Trade,"  in  the  Bulletin  of  the  Essex  Inst.,  ii,  145-154;  and  "The 
port  of  Salem,"  by  the  same  writer,  Hist.  Coll.  Essex  Inst.,  x,  pp.  52-72,  and  G.  F. 
Cheever's  "Remarks  on  the  Commerce  of  Salem,  1626-1740,"  in  the  Hist.  Coll.  of 
Essex  Inst.,  i,  67,  77,  117;  also,  see  "Life  of  Elias  Hasket  Derby,"  Freeman  Hunt's 
"Lives  of  American  merchants,  New  York,  1858"  vol.  ii,  pp.  17-100,  and  "Historical 
Sketch  of  Salem,"  by  Osgood  and  Batchelder,  Institute  Press,  1879,  chap,  viii,  p. 
126-227,  and  a  Letter  of  Robert  S.  Rantoul  to  the  National  Board  of  Health,  Salem, 
March,  1882,  on  the  "Early  Quarantine  Arrangements  of  Salem,"  Essex  Inst.  Bul- 
letin, vol.  xiv,  pp.  1-56. 


ALLOTMENTS  OF    LAND    IN  SALEM   TO   MEN, 
WOMEN,   AND   MAIDS. 


By  Herbeut  B.  Adams. 


The  situation  of  the  original  houselots  of  tlie  Old  Plant- 
ers of  Salem  has  been  the  subject  of  careful  investigation 
and  some  friendly  controversy  among  local  antiquaries 
and  historians.  It  is  interesting  to  trace  the  development 
of  correct  views  from  earlier  but  erroneous  opinions. 
The  Reverend  William  Bentley,  in  his  Description  and 
History  of  Salem,  published  by  the  ^Massachusetts  Histor- 
ical Society  in  1800,  says,  "when  Francis  Higginson  ar- 
rived in  1629,  there  were  only  six  houses,  besides  that  of 
Governor  Endicott,  and  these  were  not  on  the  land  noio 
called  Salem  J'^  What  authority  Mr.  Bentley  had  for  this 
latter  statement  does  not  appear  in  his  monograph.  Prob- 
ably he  had  in  mind  some  local  tradition  connected  with  the 
locality  of  the  Old  Planters'  Common  Meadow,  which  of 
course  lay  without  the  village.  Following  upon  Mr.  Bent- 
ley's  track,  in  1835,  came  Robert  Rantoul,  sr.,  with  his 
Memoranda  of  Beverly,  published  by  the  Massachusetts 
Historical  Societ}^,  wherein  he  states  very  positively,  "Ro- 
ger Conant,  John  Woodberry  and  Peter  Pal  fry  first  settled 
in  162G,  on  tlie  neck  of  land  between  Collin's  Cove  on 
the  south,  and  the  North  river  on  the  north,  in  Salem. 
Bridge  Street,  leading  from  the  compact  part  of  Salem  to 
Essex  (Beverly)  Bridge,  runs  over  this  neck  of  land. 
Their  first  houses  were  near  to  the  margin  of  the  river,  and 
their  lots  running  from  the  river  across  the  neck  to  Col- 
lin's Cove."  ^     This  firmly  planted  opinion  seems  to  have 

>  Collections  of  the  Mass.  Hist.  Soc,  1st  Series,  vi,  231. 
3  Ibid,  3d  series,  vii,  251.    Also  Hist.  Coll.  Essex  Inst.,  xviii,  307-8. 

(167) 


168  ALLOTMENTS   OF   LAND   IN    SALEM 

held  its  ground  in  Salem  until  a  very  recent  date.  Even 
Mr.  Phippen,  in  his  admirable  sketch  of  the  Old  Planters, 
accepted  the  traditional  notion,  with  certain  modifications, 
suggestive  of  the  real  truth.  He  says,  "The  Old  Planters 
appear  to  have  occupied  the  larger  part  of  the  peninsula 
lying  between  the  North  River  and  Collin's  Cove ;  and 
they  may  not  have  been  strangers  to  that  larger  peninsula 
beyond,  which  afterwards  became  the  centre  of  the  toivn.^^^ 
In  1859  came  the  full  development  and  substantiation 
of  this  latter  view  by  Mr.  William  P.  Upham,  who  made 
a  most  thorough  examination  of  old  deeds  and  land  titles 
and  established  the  position,  now  cordially  accepted  by 
Mr.  Phippen,*  that  "the  old  Planters  occupied  that  portion 
of  our  territory  which  has  ever  remained  the  nucleus  and 
central  body  of  the  town."^  Mr.  Upham,  in  a  series  of 
articles  on  the  First  Houses  in  Salem,  published  in  the 
Bulletin  of  the  Essex  Institute,  gives  most  conclusive 
proofs  of  this  assertion.  His  results  maybe  summed  up 
in  the  following  statement:  "The  manner  in  which  the 
house  lots  in  the  central  part  of  the  town  were  originally 
laid  out,  seems  to  indicate  that  the  earliest  settlement  was 
made  in  the  vicinity  of  Elm  street  and  Washington  street 
upon  the  South  river.  Between  these  streets  the  lots 
were  small,  irregular,  and  not  in  conformity  with  the  plan 
upon  which  the  rest  of  the  town  was  laid  out.  East  of 
there,  all  along  the  South  river  to  the  Neck,  house-lots 
were  laid  out  running  back  from  the  river ;  and  along  the 
North  river,  west  of  North  street  were  larger  house-lots, 
also  running  back  from  that  river.  Essex  street  was  pro- 
bably a  way  that  came  gradually  into  use  along  the  ends 
of  these  lots  ;  and  as  they  were  all  of  the  same  depth  from 


3  Hist.  Coll.  of  the  Essex  Institute,  i,  103. 

4  Bulletin  of  the  Essex  Institute,  i,  51.  ^  lUd,  i,  51. 

6  See  especially  ii,  33-36,  49-52.     These  articles  extend  through  two  volumes  of 
the  Bulletin,  i,  37,53, 73,  129  and  145,  et  seq.  ii,  35,  49. 


TO    MEN,    WOMEN,    AND    MAIDS.  169 

the  river  this  street  acquired,  and  has  retained  the  same 
curves  that  the  rivers  originally  had."^  Mr.  Upham  is  in- 
clined to  believe  that  the  Old  Planters  did  not  all  live 
closely  together,  but  were  somewhat  scattered,  each  man 
having  his  separate  house-lot  and  lands.  Mr.  Upham  has 
completely  overthrown  the  ancient  tradition  that  the  Old 
Planters  "settled  upon  the  comparatively  small  peninsula 
lying  between  Naumkeag,  now  North  River,  and  Shallop 
or  Collin's  Cove,"  where  Mr.  Phlppen  supposed  "Conant 
and  some  of  his  followers  built  their  first  small  and  unsub- 
stantial cottages."^  This  latter  view  pi-obably  arose  from 
the  popular  misconception  that  the  Old  Planters'  houses 
must  necessarily  have  been  upon  their  Common  Meadow. 
Mr.  Upham  thinks  the  land  in  that  vicinity  was  not  occu- 
pied for  building  purposes  until  nearly  ten  years  after  the 
original  settlement  of  Naumkeag,  that  is,  until  after  Bev- 
erly and  Ipswich  were  planted. 

The  historical  reconstruction  of  the  ground  plan  of 
New  England  Village  Comimmitics  is  one  of  the  most  im- 
portant subjects  which  can  occu})y  the  local  antiquary. 
The  situation  of  the  original  houselots,  the  first  laying  out 
of  streets  and  lanes,  the  names  of  village  localities,  the 
transfers  of  real  estate,  the  perpetuation  of  ancient  land- 
marks which  our  fathers  have  set,  the  first  site  of  churches 
and  burying  grounds,  the  lines  of  old  forts  and  of  village 
stockades  (from  which  historical  idea  of  a  place  hedged-in, 
the  Town  itself — from  Tw7i,  Zun,  Zaun  or  hedge — actu- 


7/fcirf,  ii,52. 

"Hist.  Coll.  of  the  Essex  Inst.,  i,  197.  It  is  an  interesting  fact  that  the  frame- 
work of  the  "fair  house  newly  built  for  the  Governor"  is  still  standing  in  Salem, 
north  corner  of  Washington  and  Church  streets,  but  it  is  still  more  interesting 
that  this  structure,  though  not  the  first  in  Salem,  was  the  original  "gieat  Frame 
House  "  erected  in  1624  at  Cape  Ann  by  the  Old  Planters,  but  pulled  down,  brought 
to  Salem,  ami  reconstructed  "  for  Mr.  Endecoti's  use,"  see  C.  M.  Endicott  in  Hist. 
Coll.  Essex  Inrtt.,  ii,  39;  cf.  i,  102,  156.  This  is  probably  the  oldest  material  struc- 
ture in  New  England,  and  it  is  for  Salem  what  "the  Common  House,"  if  y«t  stand" 
ing,  would  be  for  Plymouth. 

UI8T.   COLL.  XIX  11* 


170  ALLOTMENTS   OF   LAND   IN   SALEM 

ally  sprang), — these  things  are  all  important  in  the  study 
of  town  origins.  They  are  the  material  foundations  upon 
which  the  town  rests  as  an  abiding  institution.  Genera- 
tions of  men  pass  away,  but  old  landmarks  remain.  It 
is  worth  while  to  clear  away  the  accumulated  rubbish  of 
years  and  to  discover  the  sub-structure  of  every  New 
England  village,  just  as  modern  antiquaries  have  un- 
earthed the  oldest  walls  of  Rome.  From  an  original  di- 
agram,  preserved  in  the  colonial  records  of  Plymouth, 
we  are  able  to  determine  with  positive  certainty  the  di- 
rection of  the  first  street  and  the  exact  situation  of  the 
first  house-lots  in  the  oldest  villao^e  of  New  Ensfland. 
Mr.  William  T.  Davis,  a  noted  antiquary  of  Plymouth, 
has  during  the  past  few  years  been  examining  old  deeds 
and  local  records  with  a  view  to  writing  the  history  of 
the  real  estate  of  that  ancient  town.  He  published  some 
of  his  materials  in  the  Plymouth  Free  J^ress,  under  the  title 
of  "Ancient  Landmarks."^  The  city  of  Boston  has  pub- 
lished a  similar  series  of  monumental  studies  called  the 
Gleaner  Articles,  first  contributed  more  than  twenty-five 
years  ago  to  the  Boston  Daily  Transcript  by  a  learned 
conveyancer,  Nathaniel  Bowditch.^^  The  studies  of  Mr. 
Phippen  and  Mr.  Upham  stand  in  the  same  fundamental 
relation  to  the  beginnings  of  Salem  and  of  the  Massachu- 
setts Colony  as  do  the  studies  of  Mr.  Davis  and  Mr. 
Bowditch  to  the  beginnings  of  Plymouth  and  Boston. 
Such  good  works  ought  to  grow  from  more  to  more. 
The  territorial  history  of  every  town  should  be  not 
merely  written,  but  pictorially  described  by  means  of 
maps,  showing  early  topography  and  ancient  landmarks. 


» In  a  circular  issued  Feb.  15, 1882,  Mr.  Davis  proposes  to  publish  his  researches 
in  an  octavo  volume  of  600  pages,  entitled  "Ancient  Landmarks  of  Plymouth." 

10  Fifth  Report  of  the  Record  Commissioners.  Materials  for  the  continuation  of 
such  studies  are  now  easily  accessible  in  the  volume  of  Suffolk  deeds,  transcribed 
by  that  eminent  antiquary,  William  B.  Trask,  a  descendant  of  Capt.  Wm.  Ti-ask,  one 
of  the  old  Planters  of  Salem. 


TO   MEN,    WOMEN,    AND   MAIDS.  171 

The  house-lots  of  ancient  Salem,  as  in  all  village  commu- 
nities, were  quite  small,  considering  the  amount  of  avail- 
able land  in  the  plantation.  In  1637,  nearly  two  years 
after  Mr.  Conant  had  received  his  grant  of  two  hundred 
acres  in  Beverly,  it  was  ordered  by  the  town  of  Salem, 
that  Mr.  Conant's  house,  with  half  ^^  an  acre  of  ground  and 
the  corn  standing  upon  the  same,  should  be  bought  at  the 
town's  expense  for  the  use  of  old  Mr.  Plase  and  wife,  who 
should  occupy  the  premises  for  the  rest  of  their  lives. 
The  place  was  then  to  revert  to  the  town,  which  agreed 
to  settle  with  the  executors  or  assigns  of  Mr.  Plase  for 
whatever  improvements  he  had  made  upon  the  ground. 
Now  if  Mr.  Conant,  the  leading  man  of  old  Naumkeag, 
had  only  half  an  acre  for  his  home-lot,  it  is  fair  to  presume 
that  his  associates  possessed  at  most  only  half  acre  home- 
steads. The  idea  of  a  home-lot  was  a  plot  of  ground  suf- 
ficient for  a  dwelling-house  and  out-buildings,  for  a  door- 
yard  and  garden,  with  perhaps  a  small  inclosure  for  feeding 
cattle  or  raising  corn.  When  Higginson  arrived  in  Salem, 
he  noticed  at  once  the  Governor's  garden,  with  its  growing 
pease,  and  other  gardens  full  of  vegetables.  This  type 
of  a  house-  or  home-lot  is  familiar  enough  to  New  Eng- 
land people.  We  see  it  everywhere  in  our  country  towns 
and  villages,  where  the  houses  are  built  together  with  any 
considerable  degree  of  compactness.  Tacitus  might  say  of 
the  early  settlers  of  New  England  as  he  said  of  the  ancient 
Germans,  "  Vicos  locant  non  in  nostrum  morem  conexis  et 
cohaerentihus  cedificiis :  suam  quisque  domum  spalio  cir- 
cumdat.^^  At  no  time  in  the  early  history  of  Salem  were 
town-lots  large.  They  were  usually  about  an  acre  in  ex- 
tent. In  the  so-called  Book  of  Grants,  which  are  the 
oldest  records  of  this  town,  we  read  in  one  place  of  two 
acre  house-lots,  but  a  page  or  two  later,  it  appears  that 

i>  Town  Records  of  Salem,  i,  65.  Cf.  121.         "  Tacitus  Germania,  cap.  16. 


172  ALLOTMENTS   OF  LAND   IN   SALEM 

"the  two  acre  lots  were  limited  to  one  acre.^^  Even 
smaller  house-lots  than  a  half  acre  were  sometimes  granted ; 
for  example,  "Augustin  Kellham  is  admitted  for  inhabi- 
tant &  is  to  haue  a  quarter  of  an  acre  before  Esties  house. "^* 
Half  acre  lots  were  very  frequently  granted  to  fishermen  at 
Winter  Harbor  and  to  poor  people  upon  the  Town  Neck. 
Many  of  these  small  grants  were  to  be  held  only  during  the 
town's  pleasure,  and  were  therefore,  strictly  of  the  nature 
of  "cottage  rights"  upon  the  wasteland  of  an  English  manor. 
So-called  cottage  rights,  as  we  shall  further  see,,  became 
an  important  criterion  in  Salem^^  at  the  beginning  of  the 
eighteenth  century,  for  the  division  of  common  land.  The 
inhabitants  of  Marblehead,  which  formerly  belonged  to 
Salem  territory,  were  granted  house-lots  and  nothing  more, 
it  being  ordered  by  the  town  of  Salem  that  "  none  inhab- 
iting at  Marble  Head  shall  haue  any  other  accommodation 
of  land,  other  than  such  as  is  vsually  giuen  by  the  Towne 
to  fishermen  viz.  a  howse  lott  &  a  garden  lott  or  ground 
for  the  placing  of  their  flakes  ;  according  to  the  company 
belonging  to  their  families,  to  the  greatest  family  not  aboue 
2  acres  :  &  the  common  of  the  woods  neere  adioyning  for 
their  goates  &  their  cattle. "^^  Cottage  rights  appear  to 
have  been  granted  to  the  men  engaged  in  the  Glass  Works, 
with  common  in  the  Glass  House  Fields." 

But  other  lands  than  house-lots  were  speedily  occupied 
in  the  settlement  of  the  town  of  Salem.  Indeed,  it  is 
very  certain  that  the  Old  Planters  owned  more  land  than 
their  homesteads.  Governor  Endicott,  as  we  have  seen, 
was  instructed  by  the  Massachusetts  Company  to  confirm 
Mr.  Conant  and  his  men  in  the  possession  of  lands  which 
they  had  already  improved  and  to  grant  them  such  other 

"Town  Records  of  Salem,  i  9,  11.     "  Ibid,  53. 

"I6id,  17, 33, 53,  62,  63.  Cf.  Report  of  the  City  Solicitor  on  the  Sale  of  the  Neck 
Lands,  11. 

16  Town  Records  of  Salem,  i,  27-28.  The  town  of  Gloucester  is  built  upon  the 
"fisherman's  field."  See  Tborntous  Lauding  at  Cape  Ann,  83^4.      "  Ibid,  94,  225 


TO  MEN,    WOMEN,    AND   MAIDS.  173 

lands  as  might  seem  fitting.^^  And  yet  we  are  inclined  to 
think  that  the  Old  Planters'  farms  were  very  limited  in 
extent  nntil  after  the  grants  in  Beverly,  of  which  we 
shall  elsewhere  speak.  In  spite  of  the  large  stories  told  to 
good  Mr.  Higginson  abont  the  enormons  crops  raised  by 
the  Old  Planters,  we  believe  that  their  corn  fields  were 
not  very  different  from  the  type  represented  by  Koger  Co- 
nant's  half  acre  in  1637.  Probably  the  enterprising  Mr. 
Conant  had  as  mnch  land  as  any  of  his  associates,  yet  all 
that  he  possessed  in  the  vicinity  of  the  town,  in  1G37, 
was  something  less  than  forty- four  acres,  of  which  pre- 
sumably a  very  small  proportion  was  actually  under  culti- 
vation. At  Plymouth  an  acre  of  planting  ground  sufficed 
for  an  individual  from  1623,  when  the  first  distribution  of 
arable  land  occurred,  dow^n  to  1627,  when  the  partnership 
with  the  London  merchants  was  dissolved  and  twenty 
more  acres  were  allotted  to  each  person.  The  normal 
amount  of  planting  ground  allowed  to  an  individual  du- 
ring the  early  years  of  Salem  history  was  ten  acres.  Al- 
most the  first  entry  in  the  Book  of  Grants  is  in  regard  to 
the  division  of  ten  acre  lots.  It  was  ordered  that  the 
least  family  should  have  ten  acres,  but  greater  families 
should  have  more,  according  to  the  number  of  persons  in 
the  household. ^^  A  "10  acre  lott  and  a  howse  lott"^  were 
regarded  as  a  proper  allowance  for  the  head  of  a  family. 
Mr.  Plase,  the  blacksmith,  who  was  established  in  Mr. 
Conant's  old  house,  Avith  a  shop  and  forge  at  town  ex- 
pense, petitioned  for  a  "tenne  acre  lott"^^  and  obtained  it. 
Lieutenant  Davenport  likewise  received  a  ten  acre  lot.^ 
Ten  acres  were  enough  for  good  farming  in  those  days  as 
now.  To  be  sure,  many  attempts  were  made  to  inclose 
more,  but  the  town  authorities  resolutely  punished  all  such 
incroachments.      John  Pickering,  Edmund  Giles,  Abra- 

i"  Mass.  Col.  Rec.  i,  888.     i»  Salem  Town  Records  of  Salem,  8.     ^^Ibidt  U. 
"iWd,50,121.      "iWd,  27. 


174  ALLOTMENTS   OF   LAND  IN   SALEM 

ham  Warren,  Major  Hathorne,  and  many  others  were 
fined  for  "taking  in  of  towne  common"^^  or  incroaching 
upon  the  highways.  Offenders  were  obliged  to  tear  down 
their  fences  and  open  again  to  commons  the  land  which 
they  had  inclosed.  John  Gatshell  was  fined  ten  shillings 
for  building  upon  town  land  without  leave,  but  the  fine 
was  abated  to  five  shillings  on  condition  that  he  should 
cut  his  long  hair  P 

It  is  very  pleasant  to  find  that  women,  who  were  heads 
of  families,  received  in.  early  Salem  their  proportion  of 
planting  land.^^  Wallace,  in  his  interesting  work  on  Rus- 
sia, has  shown  how  in  the  town  meeting  or  village  Mir 
of  that  country,  the  women  have  their  voice  in  the  matter 
of  distributing  communal  land,  and  a  very  high-keyed 
voice  it  is  said  to  be.  In  Russia  the  women  have  not  such 
a  delicate  consideration  for  the  feelings  of  the  other  sex, 
as  used  to  be  shown  by  Mary  Starbuck  in  the  Island  of 
Nantucket,  who  often  addressed  town  meetings  in  her 
husband's  name  (for  he  was  a  bashful  man),  and  always 
prefaced  her  remarks  by  these  gracious  and  winning  words  : 
"Mr.  Moderator  and  Fellow  townsmen  I  My  husband 
thinks",  —  so  and  so.  To  be  sure,  Russian  widows  have 
no  husbands,  but  a  tender  allusion  to  the  dear  departed 
would  certainly  be  more  likely  to  influence  a  jury  of  fel- 
low townsmen  than  angry  vituperation.  It  is,  however, 
very  curious  that  in  Russia  the  object  of  feminine  anxiety 
is  to  have  as  small  an  amount  of  land  as  possible,  for  land 
signifies  taxes.  Land  is  actually  imposed  upon  Russian 
widows  if  they  have  sons  old  enough  to  engage  in  farming. 
In  Salem  and  Plymouth  and  the  towns  along  Cape  Cod, 
women  could  not  get  enough  land.  Still,  in  Salem,  Tom 
More's  widow  drew  her  ten  acres.  Mistress  Felton, 
"vidua,"  and  her  son  Nathaniel  received  twenty  acres.     A 

93  lUd,  46, 101,  105, 164, 190,  216.    "  Ibid,  55.  2^  Town  Records  of  Salem,  i,  21-27. 


TO   MEN,    WOMEN,    AND   MAIDS.  175 

very  largo  grant  of  one  hundred  and  fifty  acres  was  prom- 
ised Mrs.  Higginson,  if  she  should  come,  but  this  liberality 
was  because  of  a  special  contract  made  with  her  late  hus- 
band by  the  Massachusetts  Company.  Widow  Mason 
received  twenty  acres  and  Widow  Scarlet,  thirty.  Evi- 
dently, the  amount  of  land  in  both  cases  was  determined 
by  the  size  of  the  family. 

It  is,  on  the  whole,  rather  disappointing  to  find  that 
maidens  or  spinsters  did  not  fare  quite  so  well  in  the  dis- 
tribution of  land  as  the  numerical  claims  of  that  class  in 
society  would  seem  to  justify.  The  town  fathers  of  Salem 
began  well  by  granting  so-called  "maids  lotts,"  but  veiy 
soon  this  course  began  to  be  looked  upon  as  highly  indis- 
creet, for,  in  the  records,  we  find  a  note  in  Governor  En- 
dicott's  own  handwriting,  to  the  effect,  that,  in  future,  the 
town  desired  to  avoid  "all  prescdcnts  &  evil  events  of 
graunting  lotts  vnto  single  maidens  not  disposed  of!" 
Hereafter,  "it  is  ordered  that  noe  single  maiden  not 
disposed  of  in  marriage,"  —  and  then  follows  in  the  rec- 
ord a  painful  blank.  At  this  point  in  his  writing  the  Gov- 
ernor evidently  came  to  a  realizing  sense  of  the  odious  Act 
he  was  about  to  inscribe  in  the  local  statutes,  and  he  at 
once  ran  his  pen  through  the  entire  passage.  But  he  did 
not  improve  very  much  upon  the  phraseology  of  the  law 
against  single  maidens  by  resorting  to  this  expression, 
"for  the  avoiding  of  absurdities  !"  ^^  The  Governor  at- 
tempted to  refine  his  language,  but  he  persisted  in  his 
cruel  purpose.  Deborah  Holmes  was  refused  land  "being 
a  maid,"  but  the  Governor  endeavored  to  be  kind,  for  he 
gave  her  a  bushel  of  Indian  corn  I  This  maiden  was  evi- 
dently of  mature  years  and  well  content  to  take  care  of 
herself,  but  the  Governor  and  the  Selectmen  assured  her 
that  it  "would  be  a  bad  president  to  keep  hous  alone." 

MTown  Becords  of  Salem,  i,  28,  32. 


PARISH  LIST  OF  DEATHS  BEGUN  1785. 


RECORDED  BY  WILLIAM  BENTLEY,  D.  D.,  OP  THE  EAST  CHURCH,  SALEM,  MASS. 


[Continued  from  page  104,  Part  2,  Vol.  XIX.] 

1201.  Nov.  17.  Emma,  wife  of  Daniel  Blanchard. 
Consumption,  30  years.  Married  at  21  and  lived  nine 
years  in  married  life.  Her  family  name  Saunders  from 
Harvard,  Mass.  He  from  the  interior.  Four  children 
left.  Essex  street,  l)elow  Webb,  in  Brooks'  building  near 
Gate. 

1202.  Dec.  12.  Susanna,  wife  of  Walter  Jeffrey. 
Fever,  52  years.  Married  at  22  and  lived  thirty  years  in 
marriage.  Her  mother  Rebecca  Smith  was  a  Lovett  of 
Beverly,  widow  of  Samuel  and  died  in  1795,  set.  63. 
Rebecca,  a  sister,  married  Thomas  Williams  in  1794  and 
died,  set.  25,  in  1796,  second  wife.  They  have  left  four 
children,  one  son.  He  a  son  by  W.  Jeffrey  who  married 
a  Hardy. 

DEATHS  IN    1819. 

1203.  Jan.  15.  Francis  Benson,  skipper.  Fever,  etc., 
65  years.  Married  at  22,  and  lived  forty-three  years  in 
married  life.  Brother  of  Capt.  Thomas  Benson  whose 
second  wife  married  Henry  Rust,  Esq.,  and  whose  daugh- 
ter married  Capt.  Robert  Peele.  Daughter  settled  at  At- 
tleborough,  Mass.,  Gilmanton,  N.  H.,  and  Kennebec,  Me. 
One  son  at  home,  one  abroad.  He  received  a  pension  as 
Revolutionary  soldier,  of  Salem.     English  street. 

1204.  Jan.  18.  Mary,  widow  of  Thomas  Hutcheson. 
Rheumatic  fever,  74  years.     She  was  a  Trask  of  Beverly, 

(176) 


bentley's  record  of  deaths.  177 

born  there,  married  at  24,  and  lived  twenty-two  ^'cars  in 
married  life.  Her  husband  died  Aug.  28,  1786  and  left 
seven  children.  Two  daughters,  Putnam  and  Chever, 
and  a  son,  remain.  Iler  sister  Porter  living  in  Salem. 
Turner  below  Derby. 

1205.  Jan.  23.  George,  son  of  George  and  Seeth 
Ropes.  Consumption,  31  years.  A  painter.  Deaf  and 
dumb.  Active,  acute,  circumspect  and  esteemed.  Had 
a  free  use  of  signs  and  of  his  pen.  His  mother  a  widow, 
and  a  Millet.  Father  died  at  sea  in  1807  and  h^ft  nine 
children.     Essex  street,  opp.  Pleasant. 

1206.  Jan.  27.  Hannah,  wife  of  Thomas  Kenny. 
Atrophy,  42  years.  She  l)orn  in  Salem.  Husband  a 
foreigner,  whether  living  unknown.  jVIother  and  sister 
in  Danvers.     Two  children,  one  male. 

1207.  Mar.  1.  George  Gale,  son  of  Capt.  Noah  Gale, 
bookbinder.  Consumption,  25  years.  Married,  at  21,  a 
Grazier  from  Ipswicli,  and  lived  four  years  in  married 
life.  He  born  in  Maine.  His  mother  a  Dunham.  His 
father  from  Plymouth.  Her  mother  a  Pulcifer.  Two 
children  left,  one  male.  The  father  ])()ught  Capt.  elohn 
Elkins'  house  of  MacMellan  and  was  lost  at  Block  Island. 
His  father's  house,  southeast  corner  of  Turner  street  in 
Derby  street. 

1208.  Mar.  13.  Male  child  of  Daniel  and  Jane  M. 
Bickford.  Atroph.  inf.,  4  weeks.  He  a  brother's  son 
of  Capt.  John  Bickford.  She  a  Trask,  has  no  parents 
but  a  brother.  Married  in  1818  and  removed  to  Charles- 
town.  She  returned,  in  his  absence  at  sea,  to  Salem. 
Bridge  street,  west  corner  of  Pleasant. 

1209.  Mar.  19.  John  Lane,  mariner  and  sailmaker, 
sou  of  Nicholas  and  Nancy.  Consumption,  24  years. 
Long  sick,  appetite  till  last  moment.     Youngest  son.     He 

HIST.    COLL.  XIX  12 


178  bentley's  kecord  of  deaths. 

married,  at  22,  a  dau.  of  Seth  King,  jeweller,  who  lived 
ill  Curtis  street,  and  lived  in  marriage  one  year.  Left 
one  male  child.  Turner  street,  between  Derby  and  Essex, 
in  Goom's  house  from  Portugal. 

1210.  Mar.  27.  Sara,  wife  of  Capt.  William  Fair- 
field. Bowels,  50  years.  She  was  a  Jowler,  married  at 
32  and  lived  seventeen  years  in  married  life.  Born  in 
Marblehead,  first  house  beyond  Forrest  River  Mills. 
Came  to  Salem  and  lived  with  Jonathan  Mason  and  then 
with  Capt.  E.  Allen.  No  parents  or  collaterals.  Allen 
street,  between  English  and  Webb. 

1211.  March.  News  of  the  death  of  Benjamin,  son 
of  Abijah  Hitchins.  At  sea,  16  years.  His  first  voyage. 
Father  infirm,  and  child  anxious  to  go  to  sea.  Died  in  a 
few  days  after  leaving  Havana.  Father  married  a  Clout- 
man,  whose  mother  was  a  Becket.  Seven  children,  two 
sons  and  five  daughters.     Becket  street. 

1212.  Apr.  6.  Christopher  Beals,  shipjoiner  from 
Boston,  51  years.  Married  first,  at  21,  Mary  Downs  with 
whom  he  lived  six  years,  and  by  whom  he  had  one  child ; 
second,  a  Bacon,  who  died  Feb.  13,  1801,  by  whom  one 
child  and  with  whom  he  lived  one  year ;  third,  Jan.  23, 
1803,  Nancy  Crandall,  dau.  of  Nicholas  Lane,  by  whom 
three  children,  and  with  whom  he  lived  sixteen  years. 
She  has  three  children  living  by  Crandall.  Lived  last  in 
English  street. 

1213.  May  1.  Male  child  of  Benjamin  and  Mary 
Blanchard.  Atrophy  inf.,  2  years.  She  from  Beverly, 
an  Adams.  The  father  died  June  25, 1817,  from  Woburn. 
After  death  of  husband,  she  removed  from  Dairy mple's 
Building,  Neck  Gate,  to  Windmill  Point.  Three  chil- 
dren, one  male. 

1214.  May  17.     Stephen,  son  of  Stephen  and  Hanna 


bentley's  record  of  deaths.  179 

Cloutman.  Fever,  38  years.  He  had  just  returned  from 
sea  after  the  long  absence  of  ten  years.  His  lung  fever 
continued  seven  days.  At  his  sister  Whipple's.  His 
mother  Hanna  Smith.  Seven  children  left  of  the  family, 
three  sons  and  four  daughters.  Derby  house,  or  Derby 
street,  between  Union  and  Herbert. 

1215.  May  18.  Mary,  Avidow  of  Capt.  Henry  Elkins, 
79  years.  Enjoyed  good  health  till  near  to  death.  Mar- 
ried at  20  ;  time  in  marriage  eleven  years.  Two  children 
left.  Son  married  Priscilla  Mason ;  daughter  married 
Andrew  Sleuman  and  Joseph  Winn.  Daughter  has  two 
children,  son  and  daughter.  Opposite  East  Meeting- 
house in  Essex  street.     Andrews  house. 

1216.  May  18.  James,  son  of  James  and  Deborah 
Becket.  Fever,  23  years.  Sick  in  Batavia  and  on  pas- 
sa£:e  home.  His  mother  from  Bradford.  Father  son  of 
William.  Four  sisters  left.  From  his  brother-in-law 
Kelly,  near  Universalist  meeting-house. 

1217.  May  23.  Joshua,  son  of  John  and  Elizabeth 
Dodge.  Fever.  Child  lately  christened.  The  mother 
Ions  feeble  and  father  slender.  She  a  Wait.  Mother 
now  widow  Johnson.  Three  children  left,  one  son. 
Essex  street,  between  Dean  and  Shillaber.    Mackay  house. 

1218.  June  3.  Sarah,  widow  of  Jacob  Stivers,  sis- 
ter of  Maj.  Gen.  John  Fiske.  Fever,  70  years.  She  a 
dau.  of  Rev.  Samuel  Fiske  of  Salem,  married  at  22,  not 
one  year  in  married  life.  He  was  from  Holland.  Came 
to  Salem  from  Boston ;  was  a  baker,  and  baked  in  Essex 
street  above  Elm,  second  lot.  Opposite  the  pumps  cor- 
ner of  Neptune  and  Vine  streets,  opp.  Elm  street. 

1219.  June  4.  John  Home,  mulatto,  lately  from  sea. 
Fever,  31  years.  He  was  born  in  Philadelphia,  and  came 
to  this  port  about  a  fortnight  skice  in  a  vessel  belonging 


180  bentley's  record  of  deaths. 

to   Joseph   Knapp.      Charity   House,    entered   as   State 
poor. 

1220.  June  12.  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Capt.  William 
Lane.  Debility,  42  years.  She  was  dau.  of  N.  Browne, 
married  at  19,  and  lived  twenty-three  years  in  married 
life.  She  was  in  youth  a  beautiful  woman.  Her  mother 
Nancy  Meservey.  Her  grandmother  I  know.  A  sister 
survives  who  married  Capt.  Timothy  Welman.  He  son 
of  Nicholas  Lane.  Mother  died  May,  1817,  set.  70. 
Three  sons  and  ^ve  daughters  survive.  Derby  street, 
corner  of  Turner. 

1221.  July  14.  William  Burroughs,  seaman.  Ob- 
structions, etc.,  23  years.  Lived  with  his  grandfather 
Geovge  Burroughs,  an  old  pensionary  soldier.  Has  a 
mother  and  sister  living.  Derby  street,  last  lot  on  old 
neckway. 

1222.  July  16.  John  Dalrymple  from  Ireland.  De- 
bility, 47  years.  Married,  at  37,  Rebecca  Gardiner. 
His  brother  James  was  established  in  Salem  as  a 
watchmaker  when  John  came.  He  afterwards  removed 
to  Portland  and  lately  returned.  Left  a  wife  and  two 
children.  Essex  street,  corner  of  Herbert.  Collins 
Hardy  house. 

1223.  July  21.  Martha,  of  James  and  Sara  Dalrym- 
ple. Worms,  5  years.  Not  long  sick,  a  pleasant  child. 
He  from  Ireland,  watchmaker.  Holds  tenements  opposite 
English  street,  near  old  Neck  Gate.  She  a  dau.  of  Jo- 
seph Vincent,  ropemaker.  Have  two  children,  females. 
Essex  street. 

1224.  July  27.  Martha,  of  Daniel  and  Mary  Gilbert. 
Dysentery,  5  years.  She  was  Mary  Waters,  married  in 
1806,  and  went  to  his  home  in  Brookfield.  She  was  upon 
a  visit  to  her  father  with  this  very  promising  child  which 


bentlet's  record  of  deaths.  181 

died  in  less  than  a  week's  illness.     They  have  other  chil- 
dren.    Derby  street. 

1225.  Aug.  9.  John  Carberry  from  Waterford,  Ire- 
land. Fever,  38  years.  Came  early  from  Ireland  to 
Newfoundland,  thence  to  Boston.  He  had  been  in  Bos- 
ton several  years,  as  waiter  in  a  store.  Had  been  in  Sa- 
lem but  a  few  weeks  and  delivered  himself  up  to  the 
Charity  House. 

1226.  Ang.  13.  Eunice  Caroline,  of  Major  Horatio 
and  Harriet  Perry.  Convulsions,  etc.,  3  years.  Ho  from 
Pembroke.  She  a  dau.  of  Capt.  Nicholas  Lane  from 
Gloucester,  but  long  of  Salem.  Three  children  left,  one 
male.     Carlton  street. 

1227.  Aug.  24.  John  McKenzie,  from  Scotland. 
Fever,  75  years.  Had  been  in  Salem  two  years.  Came 
to  America  before  the  American  Revolution,  and  was  in 
the  land  and  sea  service.  He  had  lived  with  widow  Child, 
sister  of  Dr.  Stearns,  and  upon  her  retirement  to  her 
brother's  family  was  induced  to  enter  upon  the  poor's  list 
of  the  state,  hoping  for  a  pension.     A  good  character. 

1228.  Sept.  2.  Female  child  of  John  and  Elizabeth 
Cooke.  Convulsions,  3  months.  She  a  Patfield,  dau.  of 
Mrs.  Mack.  He  of  Salem,  wounded  pensioner.  The 
child  apparently  well  till  day  before  its  death.  Dr.  K. 
said  a  croup.  Three  children,  two  males.  Williams 
street. 

1229.  Sept.  18.  Capt.  John  Archer.  Old  age,  86 
years.  Married  at  24  and  lived  fifty-seven  years  in  mar- 
ried life.  His  wife  a  Beckford.  His  wife  has  been  dead 
five  years,  a  Norris.  He  formerly  lived  in  Elm  street, 
but  removed  to  the  house  of  his  father,  where  he  died. 
Six  children  left,  four  sons  and  two  daughters.  All  his 
children  but  John  married.     River  street,  on  North  river. 


182  bentley's  record  of  deaths. 

1230.  Sept.  21.  Thomas  Bagley,  from  Ireland. 
Drowned,  27  years.  He  was  carrying  off  an  anchor  in 
high  wind  from  Derby  wharf,  from  sch.  Hind.  The  boat 
upset.  Buried  from  the  Charity  House  on  Wednesday, 
Sept.  22. 

1231.  Sept.  26.     James,  child  of  William  and 
Rhue.      Atrophy,    22    months.      Hardy   street,   Diman 
house. 

1232.  Oct.  2.  Male  child  of  Horatio  and  Harriet 
Perry.  Atrophy,  3  weeks.  Child  feeble  from  birth, 
mouth  sore,  etc.  They  lost  a  child  in  August  last.  He 
from  Pembroke,  she  a  dau.  of  Nicholas  Lane.  Three 
children  left,  one  male.     Carlton  street. 

1233.  Oct.  5.  Mary,  wife  of  James  Goomntinsen. 
Lethargy,  25  years.  She  was  Mary  K.  Majore,  dau.  of 
John,  married  at  18,  and  lived  seven  years  in  married  life. 
An  only  child.  Her  father,  French,  married  Susanna 
Knight  in  1793,  who  in  1807  married  Francis  Lamartine. 
Left  one  child.    Turner  street,  between  Derby  and  Essex. 

1234.  Nov.  16.  Mary,  widow  of  Michael  Bateman. 
Debility,  53  years.  She  was  a  dau.  of  John  Batton,  mar- 
ried at  18,  and  lived  thirty-five  years  in  marriage.  She 
kept  a  school ;  first  her  sight  failed  her,  and  then  a  gene- 
ral debility  came  on,  palpitation,  etc.  Mother  a  Masury. 
Husband  died  lately  in  the  hospital  at  New  York.  Left 
five  children,  two  sons.  One  married  in  Rowley.  Tur- 
ner street. 

1235.  Dec.  26.  John,  of  Thomas  and  Sara  Haynes. 
Atrophy,  6  weeks.  Two  children  left,  one  son.  Walnut 
street. 


LEMUEL  WOOD'S   JOURNAL. 

[Continued  from  page  152,  Nos.  4,  5,  and  6,  Vol.  XIX.] 

ye  5  this  forenoon  we  had  a  Piece  of  a  Sermon 
Preached  hy  mr  Croford  our  Chaplain  from  Psahns  144 
verse  first  in  ye  afternoon  Ave  had  Preaching  again  ])y 
Coll  Whitens  Chapline  from  Psalms  30  &  verse  first,  this 
Day  Coll  Rngles  2d  Battallion  and  Coll  Babcocks  Regmt 
marched  otf  for  Crown  Point  we  had  orders  this  after- 
noon to  strik  our  tents  tomorow  mor[n]ing  at  Revaleys 
Beating. 

ye  G  we  acordingto  orders  struck  our  tents  this  mor[n]- 
ing  Earley  and  movd  about  5  rods  Northward  to  ye 
ground  y'  ye  Royals  Ilighlandres  movd  from  and  Pitchd 
our  tents  there  a  Littel  Distance  from  ye  small  fort  we 
built  hear. 

ye  7  about  11  o'Clock  there  Came  a  Poast  from  general 
woolf  in  great  heast  he  Came  from  fort  Edward  this 
mor[n]ing  to  ye  Lake  and  then  Crost  ye  Lake  and  then 
hastend  a  Long  to  Crown  Point  to  ye  general  but  Avhat 
News  we  Cant  tell  we  was  kept  at  work  Every  Day 
Either  on  ye  Roads  or  Drawing  Provisions  a  Crost  ye 
Carring  Place  this  day  we  had  a  party  of  100  men  out  of 
ye  Rig™'  taken  out  for  a  standing  working  Party  to  work 
Every  Day  and  Do  no  gaurding  we  took  Provisions  for  4 
Days  Pork  and  peas. 

ye  8  this  Day  we  heard  y'  our  Peoj^el  was  going  to 
Build  a  Larg  foi-t  on  a  hill  near  to  where  Crown  Point 
fort  stands  so  Large  as  to  Continer  8  acrs  Camp  news  y* 
general  wolf  is  Deserted  and  Drove  olf  from  Quebeck 
and  Left  great  part  of  his  army. 

ye  9  we  heard  there  was  to  be  a  road  Cleard  from 
Crown  Poing  to  No  4  which  was  Said  to  be  about  50 
miles  and  that  a  Party  of  men  was  Cartinely  Gone  to  Lay 
it  out. 

(183) 


184  LEMUEL  wood's   JOURNAL; 

Fryday  ye  10  this  day  we  heard  y'  one  Cap*  Canada 
belonging  to  gages  Lite  Infentery  set  off  from  Crown 
Point  with  an  Expres  to  general  wolf  to  go  Strat  Down 
to  Quebeck  he  went  painted  Like  an  indian  and  had  3 
Indians  with  him  we  hear  also  y*  general  amherst  offered 
400  guines  to  him  that  would  go  to  general  wolf  and 
brind  an  Express's  back  and  upon  y*  footing  Cap*  Canada 
went. 

Saterday  ye  11  we  had  news  y*  a  Party  was  set  out  to 
work  at  Crown  Poing  Clearing  a  Road  to  No  4  and  y* 
they  got  14  miles  already,  we  drew  fresh  Pro^^  for  3 
days. 

Sunday  ye  12  this  mor[n]ing  it  was  very  Rany  and 
Rand  most  of  ye  foer  noon  very  fast  in  ye  afternoon  we 
had  a  Sermon  Preached  by  our  Chapline  from  Ephesians 
5-15-16  Verses,  ye  time  of  Sermon  was  about  17  min- 
etus  we  had  news  y*  general  wolf  opend  his  trenches 
against  Quebeck  ye  5"'  of  July  Past  without  ye  lose  of  a 


man. 


monday  ye  13  a  party  of  ye  Reg™*  was  Sat  to  work 
to  build  a  Hospital  for  ye  Sick  of  ye  Rig"^*  there  was  one 
offiser  out  Each  Company  and  one  Solder  these  to  Keep 
to  work  at  ye  Hospital  till  it  be  finished  and  Do  no  other 
Duty. 

Tuesday  ye  14  we  Drew  Provision  for  4  Days  and  a 
Quart  of  Peas  Per  man. 

wensday  ye  15  this  day  Leut  granger  &  Ensn  Peabody 
obtained  Liberty  of  ye  Coll  to  go  up  to  Ticonderoga  I 
accidentelly  went  up  with  them  and  Viewed  ye  fort  and 
went  into  every  hole  and  Corner  of  it  and  Saw  ye  Strength 
of  it  and  was  Convinsd  y*  fort  Edward  was  no  ways  to  be 
Compared  with  it  for  Strength  or  Benty  ye  fort  Stands 
on  a  high  Ridg  upon  a  Point  of  Land  lust  by  where  ye 

^»  Provisions. 


THE    CANADA   EXPEDITION.  185 

Strems  yt  Come  from  Lake  george  and  yt  from  South 
bay  meets  together  and  make  ye  Lake  Champlain  ye 
Ridg  on  which  ye  fort  stands  is  nearest  to  ye  Strem  yt 
Comes  from  Lake  george  ye  fort  is  about  30  Rods  from 
ye  End  of  ye  Point  in  ye  East  Corner  of  ye  fort  towards 
ye  Point  was  ye  grand  magazien  in  ye  west  End  was  2 
other  magaziens  all  which  was  blown  up  by  which  ye 
walls  of  ye  fort  was  so  much  Damaged  y'  2  Rig™^^  would 
not  Repar  it  in  a  year     befoer  it  was  hurt  I  l)elive  y* 

North  amarica  has  not  a  Stronger  one  of  ye  Bigness 

ye  walls  are  Cheafly  Stone  and  Lime  about  24  feet  high 
on  ye  west  and  north  west  Side  there  is  a  Trench  without 
ye  walls  about  10  feet  deep  5  or  6  of  it  is  blown  into  ye 
Scaled  Stone  under  ye  walls  of  ye  fort  there  is  Large 
Rooms  for  Solders  to  live  in  and  Drirk  Prisons  arched  all 
Rownd  with  stone  and  Lime  very  strong  in  ye  north  East 
Corner  of  ye  fort  there  is  a  Large  Room  under  ye  walls 
arched  very  Neatly  with  brick  at  one  End  of  it  there  is  2 
Very  Large  ovens  and  Conveniences  for  Baking  with  a 
Chimney  ye  way  into  it  was  very  Privit  and  heard  for  a 
Stranger  to  find  ye  timber  and  Earth  over  it  is  10  foot 
thick  with  a  Platform  for  Canon  to  Play  on  Right  over 
ye  Room  on  ye  East  of  ye  fort  there  a  Road  goes  Down 
to  ye  End  of  ye  Point  ye  Road  Piqueted  all  ye  way  on 
Boath  Sids  at  ye  End  of  ye  Point  there  is  a  Small  fort 
very  Strong  formd  Partly  by  Nature  ye  walls  not  very 
high  but  Rownd  next  ye  water  it  is  at  Least  60  foot  from 
ye  top  of  ye  walls  to  ye  water  and  of  ftirm^  Stone  al- 
most Right  up  and  Down  at  ye  Bottom  of  which  by  ye 
water  Sid  there  is  a  battery  with  some  Canon  to  Leavel 
on  ye  water  with  a  winding  way  up  ye  Rocks  to  ye  fort 
withen  ye  great  fort  there  is  Large  Barracks  built  ye  hole 

•0  Firm. 
HIST.   COLL.  XIX  12* 


186  LEMUEL   wood's   JOURNAL; 

Length  of  ye  fort  with  Stone  and  Lime  2  Stories  high  and 
wid  Enough  for  2  Rooms  weel  finished  but  ye  Roofs  De- 
stroyd  by  ye  fier  on  ye  west  Side  of  ye  fort  without  ye 
trench  there  is  a  battrey  for  Canon  to  Play  on  outside  of 
it  a  trench  without  ye  trench  a  glasea*^^  of  15  foot  high 
next  ye  fort  artificially  built  with  Earth  which  they  have 
taken  of  ye  Ridg  to  ye  fiarm  Stone  for  20  Rods  from  this 
glasea  to  ye  Lake  on  ye  north  is  a  brestwork  with  some 
Batterys  for  Canon  withen  this  brestwork  towards  ye 
Point  is  [a]  fine  garden  with  all  Sorts  of  Variaties  about 
60  rod  from  ye  fort  on  ye  west  is  ye  grand  Brestwork 
from  Lake  to  Lake  built  with  Logs  and  Earth  8  or  10 
feet  high  Some  of  ye  top  Logs  3  feet  through  it  is  built 
full  of  Short  Croocks  and  angels  so  y'  it  may  be  Cleard 
Every  way  with  Places  for  Canon  to  Play  on  on  ye  out- 
Side  a  Large  Row  of  brush  about  41  Rods  off  under  ye 
brestwork  a  magazien. 

Thirsday  ye  16  Last  night  2  Sargants  of  Cap*  Walkers 
Company  was  Confind  for  not  going  to  hear  Prayers  this 
mor[n]ing  a  Cort  marshall  was  Cald  for  there  trial  they 
was  brought  to  ye  Cort  marshall  and  Pled  gilty  and  Sen- 
tencd  to  reduce  to  ye  ranks  ye  Coll  aprovd  of  ye  Sen- 
tence, we  heard  y*  Last  nite  a  flag  of  truce  Came  into 
Crown  point  from  Canada  but  what  they  Came  for  we 
have  not  yet  heard. 

Friday  ye  17  this  day  Coll  whittens  Rig*"*  had  orders  to 
march  tomorrow  morning  for  Crown  Point  ye  one  half  of 
willards  Rig™'^^  to  Stay  hear  ye  other  half  to  march  to  ye 
mills  and  take  ye  Post  there  and  Coll  Rugles  first  Bat- 
tallion  to  off  to  Crown  point. 

Saterday  ye  18  this  morning  Early  Coll  whitens  Rig°^' 
struck  there  tents  and  marched  off  for  Crown  Point  in  ye 

61  Qlacis  (Fr.),  a  sloping  l)apk.  "2  tq  which  our  journaUst  beloijgpd. 


THE    CANADA   EXPEDITION.  187 

afternoon  one  half  of  our  Rig™^  Struck  there  tents  and 
marched  of  to  ye  mills  it  fell  to  our  Company  to  Remain 
at  ye  Landing  Place  — we  Drew  Provision  for  three  Days 
and  a  Point  &  a  half  of  Peas  Per  man. 

Sunday  ye  19  this  morning  a  French  Deserter  was 
Brought  to  ye  Landing  from  Crown  Point  he  says  yt  he 
Run  away  from  a  french  Vessel  in  Lake  Champlain  and 
that  he  was  at  Ticondoroga  when  our  aru)}'  Landed  he 
also  Informd  yt  by  ye  best  Information  he  Could  get 
he  thought  y^  general  woolf  had  concpiered  Quebeck 
befoer  this  time  there  was  2  Campwomen  sent  back 
from  Crown  point  they  was  not  allowd  to  follow  ye 
army  by  Reason  of  an  Infectious  Distemper  they  Carryd 
along  with  them  very  Comon  to  ye  Sex  in  these  Parts  — 
this  Deserter  and  ye  women  was  sent  to  ye  head  of  ye 
Lake  — this  morning  an  Express  Came  over  ye  Lake  it 
Came  from  general  wolf  and  went  D[i]rectely  to  general 
amherst  another  Express  Came  from  general  ainherst  and 
went  over  ye  Lake  said  to  be  going  to  general  Johnson — 
this  afternoon  our  Ris:'"*  these  that  stad  at  ye  Landiuii:  was 
ordered  to  strik  our  tents  Pitched  Just  by  ye  fort. 

monday  ye  20  this  morning  Letu*^  granger  went  to 
Crown  Point  to  take  Lent  Duidaps  Place  in  ye  Train  for 
a  few  Days  —  it  was  a  Very  Rainy  Day  and  most  Part  of 
ye  night  very  hard. 

Tuesday  ye  21  an  Express  Came  over  ye  Lake  this 
morning  from  general  wolf  to  gene"  amherst — Last  nite 
Daniel  wheler  a  sergant  in  Cap"  Fays  Company  was  Con- 
find  for  Refuising  his  Duty  when  ordred  by  ye  orderly 
Serg"'  this  morning  a  Cort  marshell  was  Called  for  his 
tryal  ye  Sd  Cort  marshell  after  tryal  sentencd  him  to  be 
Reduced  to  ye  Ranks  —  Sarg*  wheler  acknoyledged  his 
falts  but  upon  Promising  amendment  for  ye  futer  ye  Coll 
forgave  him  and  Restored  him  to  his  office  again  —  ye  2 


188  LEMUEL   wood's   JOURNAL; 

Sarg°*  of  Cap*  walkers  yt  was  broke®^  hy  a  Cort  marshell 
last  Thusday  was  now  again  Restored  to  there  former 
Places  by  Coll  willard  —  we  Drew  fresh  Provision  for  2 
days  and  Salt  for  5  days  and  a  Quart  of  Peas  Per  man  we 
also  Drew  Rise  and  Butter  which  was  ye  first  we  Drew 
Sence  we  Came  over  ye  Lake  in  ye  night  an  Express 
Came  from  ye  generl  went  over  ye  Lake  in  hast. 

wensday  ye  22  by  a  man  yt  Came  [from]  Crown  Point 
this  day  we  was  informd  yt  ye  Building  ye  new  fort  went 
on  fasst  yt  they  Kept  1600  men  Dalley  at  work  at  it  be- 
sides those  yt  ware  Cuting  of  timber  he  also  Said  yt  they 
ware  agoing  to  Build  a  Raddow^*  at  Crown  Point  of  80 
foot  in  Length  yesterday  ye  Indians  took  2  men  of  Late 
lord  Hows  Rig""*  Near  to  Crown  Point  as  they  ware  a 
Picking  green  Peas,  ye  Express  boat  Came  back  from 
ye  head  of  ye  Lake  with  Letters  for  ye  general 

Thirsday  ye  23  this  morning  an  Express  Came  from  ye 
head  of  ye  Lake  for  ye  general  Said  to  Come  from  gen^^ 
woolf —  we  hear  by  this  boat  y*  5  french  men  was  taken 
yersterday  at  half  way  Brook  they  was  Prisenors  y*  had 
been  taken  by  general  Johnson  and  Run  away  from  him 
and  was  going  to  Canada 

Friday  ye  24  Cap*  Peabody^^  and  Leu*  Shepord^^  went 
up  ye  Lake  a  fishing  they  Caught  a  good  Parsell  of  fish 
they  also  took  a  Small  Dear. 

Saterday  ye  25  we  hear  y*  Cap*  Tout  with  a  Part  of 
[ye]  Rangers  went  in  Persut  of  ye  Indians  yt  took  ye  2 
Reglurs  Last  wensday  he  overtook  them  and  Retook 
one  of  ye  Prisoners  and  Killed  and  Sculpt  one  of  ye  In- 
dians. 

Sunday  ye  26  this  day  we  had  a  Rig™*^  Cort  marshell 
upon  a  Battoman^^  belonging  to  Coll  Bradstreet  he  was 


63  Reduced  to  the  ranks.     «*  A  peculiar  boat  ?     ^5  iphe  journalist's  captain. 
6«  Of  Capt.  Peabody's  company.      ^^  Assistant  on  a  bateau. 


THE    CANADA   EXPEDITION.  189 

Tryd  for  abuising  his  ofiser  on  bord  ye  Scow  ye  said 
Cort  marshull  Sentenced  him  to  ye  Post  and  then  ye  Coll 
forgave  him.  Cap'  Peabody^  President  of  ye  Cort  mar- 
shell. — this  day  there  was  about  50  Rangers  Came  over 
ye  Lake  and  went  up  to  ye  fort  about  6  weeks  ago  they 
Came  from  gaurdalope^^  4  of  ye  sd  Regulers  Kaisd  a 
meeting  on  bord  ye  Sloop  and  was  Put  under  gaurd  as 
soon  as  they  Came  a  Shoer  and  our  Rigmt  was  Sent  to 
Carry  them  up  to  ye  fort.  We  had  no  Preaching  for  ye 
Chapline  was  So  terribely  Horrified  Last  Sunday  yt  he  has 
neither  Prached  nor  Pra3'd  Sence  yt  we  no  of. — and  I 
Hope  he  never  will  again. — Lent  granger  Came  Back 
from  Crown  Point  and  I  with  him  by  Land. 

ye  27  we  had  northing  very  Remarkabel  Last  wensday 

night  ye  Valliant  Leu^  B was   on  ye  Pequiet  and  as 

he  was  going  ye  Rounds  in  ye  night  he  was  very  Terri- 
belly  Suprised  by  a  mighty  Rushing  noise  in  ye  ])ushes 
he  Emeadetely  Cryd  Indians  Indians  for  he  was  Suer  he 
heard  them  hamer  there  flints  ye  gaurds  was  trund'"  out 
immedelely  and  Camp  was  all  allarmd  —  ye  Sd  Champion 
had  a  Brother  in  Camp  a  Nobel  warrior  he  Run  Lnmede- 
ately  to  ye  Coll  and  begd  ye  favor  of  him  y'  he  would 
fire  and  allarm  y'  So  they  might  have  help  from  ye  fort 
but  ye  Coll  thought  it  Proper  to  Examin  into  ye  afair 
first  and  upon  a  Strict  Examination  they  found  it  was 
oxen  y*  Was  feeding  in  ye  bushes  and  ye  Clashing  their 
horns  against  ye  trees  was  ye  hamiring  ye  flints  ye  tow 
foer  mentioned  heros  have  both  Left  ye  Rig"'* 

ye  2j8  we  took  fresh  Provision  for  3  Days  and  Salt  for 
4  days  also  Peas  Ric  and  Butter  in  full  ye  Last  allownce 
we  Lost  a  Barriel  of  flower  in  ye  Rig™'  which  we  Sup- 
posd  was  gone  to J^ 


«« The  jouinalist'ti  captain.  «"  Gaudeloupe.  7" Turned. 

^'  The  journalist  did  not  care  to  say  where  the  flour  liad  gone. 


190  LEMUEL  wood's  JOURNAL; 

ye  29  ye  Coll  wonders  which  way  ye  men  Consumd 
there  Bread  and  Says  he  has  got  150  weaght  of  bread  be- 
foer  hand  —  to  Day  Cap*  Fay  went  a  hunting  up  by  ye 
Lake  Side  beyond  ye  mountains  he  found  5  Indians 
Connoes^^  of  burch  Bark  very  good  ones  he  brought  them 
all  to  ye  Camp  he  Said  y'  he  had  Discoverd  20  acres  of 
Land  Coverd  with  Beans 

ye  30  by  a  man  yt  Came  from  fort  george  Last  night 
we  are  informed  y*  Last  Monday  there  was  a  french  man 
Came  in  to  ye  Piqut  fort  near  fort  Edward  ye  5  prisoners 
y*  was  taken  Last  Thirsday  gave  an  account  y*  there  was 
150  frenchmen  Run  away  from  Niagara  and  was  Coming 
to  our  men 

ye  31  to  day  Leu*  granger  and  Shepord  and  Ens"  Pea- 
body  went  a  hunting  they  Killed  a  Bear  y*  weig[h]ed 
better  than  20  Pound  a  Quarter  it  was  very  Rainy  all  day 
and  yesterday 

Saterday  Sep***  ye  1  news  y*  a  Party  of  Rangers  went 
Down  to  sd^^  Johns  and  was  beset  by  a  Party  of  ye  Ene- 
my and  was  Surrounded  and  it  was  feard  was  mostly 
killed  or  taken  as  there  was  but  2  or  3  of  ye  Party  got 
in  and  they  say  they  Run  away  in  ye  Engagement — to 
day  a  Sargent  of  Cap*  Walkers  Company  Died  of  Sick- 
ness in  ye  Camp  he  was  ye  second  man  we  have  Lost  out 
of  [ye]  Rig"*  in  ye  night  another,  of  Cap*  fellows^*  was 
Dead 

ye  2  ye  Chapline  venterd  to  Preach  a  Sermon  at  ye 
mills  but  we  Did  not  hear  him  ye  great  flat  bottomd  boat 
y*  has  Kept  going  Backwards  and  forwards  ever  Sence  ye 
army  Crost  ye  Lake  Came  in  this  morning  brought  Some 
oxen  and  Cows  and  Stoers  it  brought  3  18  Pounders  and 
5  12  Pounders^^  besides  a  Quantity  of  Ammunition  about 


"Canoes.       ''« St.  John's.       '* Capt.  Fellows' company.       '* Cannon. 


THE    CANADA    EXPEDITION.  191 

9  o'clock  a*  night  there  was  an  Express  Came  from  ye 
mills  informing  y'  there  had  been  Indians  Discoverd  near 
ye  fort  our  gaurds  was  Doubeled  ye  Store"^  Soon  got  to  be 
y'  there  was  600  Indians  and  y*  they  had  fierd  upon  our 
men  twise  but  in  ye  morning  it  all  Died  away 

ye  3  we  had  information  y^  there  was  3'^  Indians  Dis- 
covered Last  night  near  ye  fort  and  y^  they  followed  a 
man  Close  to  ye  Brestwork  and  y^  a  Party  was  gone  out 
after  them  we  hear  y'  a  Party  of  Kangers  y*  had  been  a 
Scout  towards  Sd  Johns  was  Come  in  and  brought  in  3 
Preisenors  with  them  it  was  ye  Same  party  y*  we  heard 
was  all  Cut  off 

Tuesday  ye  4  this  morning  an  Express  Came  from 
general  amherst  and  is  gone  over  ye  Lake  in  hast —  Cap' 
Peabody'^  was  on  ye  works  and  Continde  a  man  for  De- 
sarting  ye  work  But  he  Real[e]sed  him  again  upon  his 
Paying  a  treat"*"^  to  ye  whole  Party  of  40  men — we  Drew 
flower  for  7  Days  ye  weather  being  Stormy  we  Drew 
northing  mor 

Wensday  ye  5  this  morning  we  Drew  Pork  Rice  Beans 
and  Butter  for  7  Days  —  Last  night  in  ye  night  another 
Express  from  ye  general  went  over  ye  Lake 

Thursday  ye  6  the  three  french  men  y'  major^  took 
Last  monday  was  brought  Down  to  ye  Landing  this  morn- 
ing and  Sent  over  ye  Lake — by  a  man  y'  Came  from 
Crown  Point  to  day  we  hear  yt  ye  Party  of  Rangers  y' 
took  ye  3  Prisenors  Discovered  a  Large  Vessel  a  Build- 
ing at  Sd  Johns  and  yt  ye  general  offered  a  Large  Sum 
of  money  to  them  yt  would  burn  her  and  y*  a  Party  was 
gone  to  do  it  if  they  Could 

Friday  ye  7  ye  3  Preseners  yt  Came  Down  yersterday 
inform  yt  ye  foerses  they  have  at  Sd  Johns  are  about 

'•  story.     'T  These  three  were  the  six  hundred  of  the  night  before  probably. 
»*  The  journalist's  captain.     '»  A  novel  fine,     "o  Major  Rogers  ? 


192 

4000  French  men   1000  Indians   and  about  100  Pieces  of 
Canon  great  and  small 

Saterday  ye  8  Last  night  about  8  o'Clock  an  Express 
from  general  amherst  went  over  ye  Lake  after  yt  tow  other 
Expresses  Came  from  ye  head  of  ye  Lake  for  ye  generl 
— this  morning  there  is  very  Brefe  news  y*  general  woolf 
is  Routed  and  Drove  10  miles  back  and  Left  500  men  on 
ye  spot  but  Had  Entrenched  again  and  was  Determined 
to  stand  it — ye  weather  was  very  Stormey 

Sunday  ye  9  it  was  very  stormy  in  ye  morning  about 
noon  it  Cleard  off  we  had  no  Preaching  to  day — this 
morning  Cap*"  whelock^^  he  that  Was  genell  muster-master 
at  Worcester  Came  from  ye  fort  and  went  over  ye  Lake 
we  hear  y*  general  wolf  first  Landed  at  Quebeck  without 
ye  Loss  of  a  man  acording  to  our  former  acount  and  En- 
trenched against  ye  City  and  almost  Destroyed  it  but 
ye  Enemy  being  greatly  Superiour  to  him  in  Number  he 
Could  not  force  their  trenches  so  he  Retreated  about  10 
miles  and  was — 

monday  ye  10  further  acount  from  general  woolf  yt  he 
had  Drew  back  to  ye  Hand  of  orlands  and  was  strength- 
ing  him  Self  and  Building  of  Barraks  in  order  for 
winter 

Tuesday  ye  11  Last  night  a  very  bright  Light  appeard 
in  ye  north  and  northwest  Part  of  ye  Horrison  Continued 
most  Part  of  ye  night  —  we  Drew  fresh  Provision  for 
Seven  Days 

[To  be  continued.'] 

81  See  May  28, 


A  FIELD  DAY  AT  DUMMER  ACADEMY. 
Wednesday,  July  12,  1882. 

The  efforts  of  the  present  board  of  Trustees  of  Diim- 
mer  Academy  to  increase  its  available  resources,  and  the 
appointment  to  the  superintendency  of  one,  who  has  made 
himself  eminent  as  a  teacher  in  the  High  and  Classical 
school  at  Salem  and  elsewhere,  cannot  fail  to  clothe  with 
new  and  increasing  interest  this  institution  founded  one 
hundred  and  twenty  years  since  by  the  liberality  of  Lieut. 
Gov.  William  Dummer,  in  the  Parish  of  By  field,  New- 
bury, having  enrolled  among  its  graduates  some  of  the 
soundest  minds  that  have  been  influential  in  national  and 
state  affiiirs. 

The  Institute  party  reached  the  place  of  destination  by 
way  of  Newburyport,  taking  carriages  in  that  city  and 
being  conveyed  a  distance  of  from  four  to  six  miles  ac- 
cording to  the  route  taken  by  the  several  conveyances. 

The  ride  extended  through  that  part  of  Newburyport 
and  Newbury  which  was  devoted  to  the  silver  mine  busi- 
ness during  the  time  that  the  works  were  in  operation, 
several  years  since ;  some  nice  old  farms  were  noticed 
along  this  road  and  the  entire  region  is  one  of  great  natu- 
ral attractiveness.  A  tarry  was  made  at  the  old  Long- 
fellow House,  which  is  said  to  have  been  built  more  than 
two  centuries  since  by  William  Longfellow  who  came  to 
this  country  in  1676,  settled  in  Newbury  and  married 
Anna,  daughter  of  Henry  Sewall.  The  house  is  situated 
on  a  sightly  spot  surrounded  by  rich  smooth  fields,  near 
the  head  of  tide  water  of  the  Parker  River.  It  is  in  a 
dilapidated  condition  and  has  not  been  occupied  for  twenty 
odd  years.  In  this  house  was  born  Stephen  Longfellow 
a  son  of  Stephen  and  a  grandson  of  William,  above-named, 

HIST.    COLL.  XIX  13  (193) 


194  WEDNESDAY,    JULY   12,    1882, 

and  a  great  grandfather  of  Henry  Wadsworth  Longfellow, 
whose  recent  death  at  Cambridge  has  imparted  much  in- 
terest to  this  place.  Near  by  is  the  factory,  once  a  cotton 
now  a  woollen  mill,  and  a  short  distance  beyond  is  the  fine 
country  mansion  of  Mrs.  A.  B.  Forbes  of  Springfield  who 
has  recently  come  into  possession  of  this  estate,  formerly 
belonging  to  some  members  of  her  family. 

The  above  premises  were  conveyed  to  Eben  Parsons  by 
Kichard  Dummer  and  wife  by  deed,  Sept.  10,  1801  {^eg. 
Deeds  Essex,  Lib.  169,  fol.  293),  by  Shubael  Dummer 
and  wife  June  4,  1803  (Lib.  172,  fol.  240),  by  Simeon 
Danforth  and  wife  deeds  June  3,  1803,  and  June  26, 
1804  (Lib.  172,  fol.  239;  Lib.  287,  fol.  83),  by  Max. 
Jewett  and  wife  June  3,  1803  (Lib.  172,  fol.  239),  also 
by  Hannah  Parish  to  Gorham  Parsons  April  29,  1823 
(Lib.  232,  fol.  41),  and  by  James  Ferguson  and  wife  4 
March,  1829  (Lib.  252,  fol.  2),  and  the  said  Gorham 
Parsons,  only  son  and  heir  of  said  Eben  Parsons,  died, 
seized  of  the  above  premises  and  by  his  last  will  and  tes- 
tament dated  Sept.  29,  1842,  devised  the  same  to  his 
nephew  Gorham  Parsons  Sargent,  who  sold  the  same-May 
29,  1862  (Lib.  640,  fol.  31),  to  Benjamin  F.  Brown,  of 
Waltham.  Brown  sold  the  same  to  Benj.  B.  Pool,  of 
Newbury,  July  7,  1862  (Lib.  640,  fol.  50).  B.  B. 
Pool  to  Jacob  B.  Stevens  of  Peabody  Nov.  30,  1877 
(Lib.  988,  fol.  194).  Jacob  B.  Stevens  to  Susan  E.  B. 
Forbes,  wife  of  Alexander  B.  Forbes  of  Springfield,  Oct. 
24,  1881  (Lib.  1068,  fol.  176),  as  above  stated. 

Eben  Parsons  was  one  of  the  sons  of  the  Rev.  Moses 
Parsons,  the  second  pastor  of  the  church  in  By  field,  and 
was  a  successful  and  wealthy  merchant  of  Boston.  He 
purchased  this  estate  contiguous  to  the  parsonage,  where 
he  had  been  born  and  bred,  and  where  also  his  brother 
Theophilus,  Chief  Justice  Mass.  Supreme  Judicial  Court, 


FIELD    DAY    AT   DUMMER   ACADEMY.  195 

and  his  brother  William,  a  prominent  and  successful  Bos- 
ton merchant,  were  born ;  this  house  was  visited  by  some 
of  the  party. 

Neither  expense  nor  labor  was  spared  in  improving 
and  ornamenting  the  grounds  and  garden  of  this  place 
which  the  owner  called  the  "Fatherland  Farm."  Prepa- 
rations were  early  commenced  for  the  erection  of  a  spacious 
mansion.  Raisings  at  that  time  were  universally  a  social 
festival ;  an  interesting  and  graphic  sketch  is  given  in  the 
"  Reminiscences  of  a  Nonagenarian,"  by  Miss  Sarah  Ann 
Emery,  with  other  notices  of  the  family.  See  pages  73 
and  80. 

For  information  respecting  the  early  history  of  this 
parish  and  some  of  the  early  families,  see  "Bulletin" 
Essex  Institute,  vol.  vii,  page  113. 

The  party  then  proceeded  to  the  Academy,  and  found 
much  interest  in  examining  the  school  building,  inspecting 
the  old  Dummer  Mansion,  and  visiting  the  residence  of  the 
principal.  These  buildings  are  all  within  the  inclosure  of 
the  academy  grounds. 

A  bountiful  lunch  was  provided.  The  regular  meeting 
was  held  in  the  open  air,  the  company  retaining  their  seats 
at  the  table. 

The  President  introduced  the  exercises  and  the  various 
speakers  with  numerous  and  interesting  scraps  of  Byfield 
history.  He  went  back  to  the  first  grant  to  Sewall  and 
Dummer  in  1635,  and  made  special  reference  to  the  emi- 
nence attained  by  Se wall's  descendants  between  1G92  and 
1814,  four  of  them  having  become  judges  and  three  chief 
justices  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  this  province  and  state. 
One  of  Sewall's  daughters  married  William  Moody  and 
a  grandson  of  the  second  son  was  the  Rev.  Samuel 
Moody  who  was  the  principal  of  this  academy  for  more 
than  a  score  of  years.     A  descendant  of  the   third  son 


196  WEDNESDAY,    JULY    12,    1882, 

was  Paul  Moody  who  was  a  distinguished  mechanician. 
Another  daughter  married  William  Longfellow  the  ances- 
tor of  Henry  W.  Longfellow  the  distinguished  poet. 

Bemarhs  of  Hon,   William  D.  Northend, 

Mr.  NoRTHEND,  Vice  President  of  the  Trustees  of  the 
Academy,  was  then  introduced  and  said  :  The  grounds  on 
which  we  are  assembled  were  early  dedicated  to  the  cause 
of  liberal  education.  They  were  a  part  of  the  estate  of  Rich- 
ard Dummer,  one  of  the  first  settlers  of  Newbury.  He  was 
a  man  of  great  wealth  and  liberality.  They  descended  to 
his  grandson,  William  Dummer,  who  for  many  years  was 
Lieutenant  Governor  and  for  a  time  acting  Governor  of 
the  colony.  None  of  the  early  Governors  were  more 
beloved  or  respected  by  the  people.  He  died  in  1761, 
and  in  his  will  left  this  farm  of  330  acres,  with  his  man- 
sion house  built  about  1730,  for  the  support  of  a  grammar 
school.  This  was  before  the  days  of  English  grammar, 
when  all  grammatical  rules  were  learned  through  the  study 
of  the  Greek  and  Latin  languages.  It  was  therefore 
founded  as  a  classical  school,  or  what  was  in  this  country 
subsequently  known  as  an  academy.  It  was  incorporated 
by  the  Legislature  in  1782,  and  was  the  first  incorporated 
academy  in  the  State.  It  was  opened  for  pupils  in  Feb- 
ruary, 1763,  more  than  thirteen  years  before  the  Declara- 
tion of  Independence,  under  the  charge  of  the  famous 
Master  Moody.  He  taught  nearly  thirty  years.  The  in- 
fluence the  school  exerted  in  the  war  of  the  Revolution 
and  the  eventful  period  that  succeeded  it,  can  be  judged 
of  by  the  men  educated  here  who  took  an  active  part. 

Major  Andrew  McClary,  a  scholar  of  Master  Moody, 
fell  at  Bunker  Hill.  He  was  a  stalwart  man  six  feet  and 
a  half  in  height,  and  the  historians  relate  that  his  sten- 
torian voice  was  heard  above  the  din  of  battle  encourag- 


FIELD   DAY   AT   DUMMER   ACADEMY.  197 

ing  his  meD  in  the  desperate  conflict.  Gen.  Michael 
McCIaiy,  a  brave  officer  of  the  EevoUition,  was  educated 
here  ;  also  Capt.  Frederick  Fry.  Samuel  Tenney,  a  By- 
field  boy,  was  at  the  battle  of  Bunker  Hill,  and  followed 
the  flag  through  the  entire  war.  He  was  afterwards  Judge, 
and  a  member  of  Congress.  Samuel  Hinckley,^  a  pupil 
here  in  1773,  entered  the  army  in  1776,  and  was  wounded 
in  the  battle  of  White  Plains,  He  afterwards  graduated 
from  Yale  college  and  was  for  many  years  Register  and, 
after.  Judge  of  Probate  in  the  western  part  of  the  State. 
Samuel  Osgood,  another  scholar,  was  on  Gen.  Ward's 
staflf,  afterwards  a  delegate  to  the  Continental  Congress, 
and  Postmaster  General  by  appointment  from  General 
Washington.  Rufus  King,  another  scholar,  was  on  Gen. 
Sullivan's  stafl",  after  that  a  delegate  to  the  Continental 
Congress,  a  member  of  the  convention  which  framed  the 
Federal  Constitution,  and  subsequently  a  U.  S.  Senator 
and  Minister  to  England.  Another,  Captain  Edward 
Longfellow,  commanded  a  company  in  the  suppression  of 
the  Shay  rebellion. 

Captain  Richard  Derby  of  the  U.  S.  Navy,  and  the 
celebrated  Commodore  Edward  Preble,  were  also  among 
Master  Moody's  boys  ;  also  Tobias  Lear,  who  was  private 
secretary  to  and  the  confidential  friend  of  General  Wash- 
ington ;  and  Theophilus  Parsons,  a  most  influential  mem- 
ber of  the  Convention  of  Massachusetts  which  ratified  the 
Federal  Constitution,  and  afterwards  Chief  Justice  of  our 
Supreme  Court.  Lieutenant  Governor  Samuel  Phillips, 
the  founder  of  Phillips  Andover  and  Phillips  Exeter 
Academies,  was  also  here  prepared   for  college.     Since 

*We  have  received  from  Edward  S.  Mosely,  Esq.,  the  following,  copied  from 
a  note,  at  the  foot  of  a  printed  page  referring  to  Master  Moody,  in  tlio  handwriting 
of  and  signed  by  Judge  Hinckley. 

"  I  was  a  pupil  of  the  above  named  Moody  at  the  above  mentioned  Academy  in 
1773,  and  I  was  a  pupil  of  the  celebrated  Fisher  Ames  in  1774.     Samuel  Hinckley." 


198  WEDNESDAY,   JULY   12,    1882, 

the  opening  of  the  academy,  twenty  of  its  scholars  had 
held  places  in  the  Continental  and  U.  S.  Congress.  He 
had  not  time  to  mention  the  names  of  others  distinguished 
in  every  profession  and  walk  of  life. 

The  school  for  some  years  has  languished,  but  strenu- 
ous efforts  were  now  being  made  to  place  it  in  the  rank 
among:  educational  institutions  to  which  it  was  entitled. 
He  then  referred  to  the  beauty  of  the  location,  its  admir- 
able fitness  for  such  a  school,  with  no  temptations  in  the 
neighborhood  which  would  tend  to  allure  boys  to  a  vicious 
course,  and  asked  the  cooperation  of  all  in  the  success  of 
the  school.     He  closed  as  follows  : — 

It  will  be  the  aim  of  the  trustees,  in  which  the  principal 
most  fully  concurs,  to  make  this  a  thorough  classical 
school  —  never  to  be  a  large  school,  but  sufficiently  limited 
in  the  number  of  pupils  that  the  teachers  may  have  a 
knowledge  of  each  individual,  and  feel  a  personal  responsi- 
bility not  only  for  the  intellectual  advancement,  but  for 
the  moral  and  social  tone  of  the  youth  intrusted  to  their 
care.  They  are  to  stand  in  the  place  of  the  parent  as  well 
as  teacher,  to  govern  as  far  as  possible,  not  by  the  rigid 
enforcement  of  severe  rules,  but  by  appeals  to  the  honor- 
able impulses  and  manly  instincts  of  the  boys,  to  exercise 
the  care  and  show  the  confidence  which  characterize  a 
loving  and  well  ordered  home,  that  we  may  graduate  not 
only  scholars  but  men. 

Remarks  of  John   W,  Perkins, 

Mr.  Perkins,  the  new  Principal,  was  next  called 
upon  and  said  he  found  himself  in  a  somewhat  novel 
position  from  the  fact  that  as  a  member  of  this  com- 
munity he  was  to  a  certain  extent  acting  the  part  of  host 
to  a  society  which  had  its  home  in  Salem.  There  was  a 
certain  appropriateness  in  this  as  it  made  him  Realize  that 


FIELD   DAY   AT   DUMMER   ACADEMY.  199 

he  was  no  longer  a  citizen  of  Salem  but  a  citizen  of  By- 
field.  He  said  those  who  attended  church  in  Byfield  the 
last  Sunday  morning  heard  from  its  pastor  a  thoughtful 
and  impressive  presentation  of  the  view  that  civil  govern- 
ments and  religious  organizations  exercise  an  important 
influence  upon  personal  character.  Carrying  out  the  same 
view  it  has  been  claimed  that  a  keen  observer  can  distin- 
guish the  members  of  different  small  communities  even, 
from  a  knowledge  of  the  distinctive  marks  and  traits 
which  each  of  such  communities  has  impressed  upon 
its  members.  He  did  not  know  that  the  theories  on 
this  subject  had  been  reduced  to  an  exact  science,  but  if 
they  had  been  there  must  be  some  one  connected  with  the 
Essex  Institute,  if  anywhere,  who  would  know  all  about 
it.  He  would  like  an  interview  with  such  a  person  just 
at  this  time,  that  he  might  learn  the  peculiarities  of  the 
people  of  the  vicinity  so  as  to  make  as  few  mistakes  as 
possible  in  his  attempts  to  assimilate  to  them.  He  might, 
in  return,  furnish,  in  himself,  an  illustration  of  the  process 
of  transition.  It  was  possible  that  a  careful  analysis 
might  show  some  of  his  qualities  as  the  growth  of  Salem 
and  some  as  just  beginning  to  be  affected  by  his  new  rela- 
tionships. Certainly  one  of  the  peculiarities  of  the  Salem 
people,  which  your  honored  society  has  stimulated,  is  the 
keen  interest  they  take  in  whatever  is  historic,  and  their 
something  akin  to  reverence  for  whatever  is  honorable  in 
the  past.  It  was  well  nigh  impossible  for  any  one  at  all 
impressionable  to  live  in  Salem  so  long  as  he  had  without 
imbibing  something  of  this  spirit.  Hence  they  would 
understand  as  a  matter  of  course  that,  when  he  left  Salem, 
it  was  peculiarly  gratifying  to  him  to  become  identified 
with  an  institution  that  had  an  honorable  history.  It  was 
honorable  in  the  spirit  of  its  founder  and  in  what  it  had 
been  and  accomplished  of  itself.     It  was  also  honorable 


200  WEDNESDAY,   JULY    12,    1882, 

as  the  pioneer  of  a  class  of  institutions  somewhat  num- 
erous a  generation  ago,  many  of  which  have  since  gone 
to  decay — he  meant  of  course  the  Country  Academies. 
We  heard  a  great  deal  said  about  the  narrowness  of  our 
puritan  ancestors,  and  we  assent  to  it  with  quite  as  much 
readiness  as  is  becoming.  In  some  matters,  however,  he 
seriously  questioned  whether  the  men  of  a  century  and 
more  ago  did  not  exhibit  broader  sympathies  and  views 
than  the  average  of  men  of  to-day.  He  thought  specially 
they  seem  to  have  done  so  in  some  important  matters  of 
education.  The  question  which  in  the  past  the  parent 
asked  concerning  the  education  of  his  boy  was,  not  "what 
shall  he  study  which  will  fit  him  to  advance  with  the 
greatest  rapidity  and  certainty  in  the  occupations  of  life," 
but  "what  course  will  enable  him  to  lay  with  the  greatest 
security  a  broad  foundation  of  culture  and  discipline,  upon 
which  he  may  afterwards  erect  the  technical  superstructure 
of  his  choice  with  most  of  honor  to  himself  and  safety 
to  society."  And,  how  did  they  answer  it?  By  found- 
ing and  patronizing  such  institutions  as  this.  And  he 
thought  they  answered  it  well.  And  so  it  came  about  that 
scattered  over  New  England,  dotting  the  hills  and  valleys 
and  the  country  towns,  were  these  institutions  in  which 
those  who  wished,  could  enter  upon  a  course  of  liberal 
education  under  better  auspices  than  do  the  young  aspir- 
ants of  these  localities  to-day.  When  the  High  School 
system  was  legislated  into  existence,  with  its  advantages, 
it  had  the  effect  to  destroy  nearly  all  these  institutions 
except  such  as  had  considerable  endowment.  He  said  this 
not  because  he  was  just  leaving  a  city  High  School  for  a 
country  Academy.  There  were  those  present  who  could 
bear  witness  that  he  had  expressed  strongly  the  same 
views  long  before  he  had  any  thought  of  changing  his 
position  as  principal  of  a  High  School. 


FIELD   DAY   AT   DUMMER   ACADEMY.  201 

He  had  spent  about  equal  portions  of  his  life  in  city  and 
country.  He  knew  something  of  the  ambitions  and  habits 
of  life  and  thought  in  each,  and  it  was  his  decided  con- 
viction that  a  much  larger  proportion  of  the  youth  of  the 
country  than  of  the  city  are  ambitious  to  avail  themselves 
of  the  means  for  advanced  education,  and  are  more  ready 
to  perform  the  labors  and  make  the  personal  sacrifices 
necessary  to  this  end. 

It  was  not,  however,  his  purpose  to  indulge  in  an  edu- 
cational harangue.  He  wished  to  thank  the  President 
and  all  others  connected  with  the  Institute  for  the  meet- 
ing. It  represented  the  two  places  of  greatest  interest 
to  him,  the  home  which  he  had  left,  and  the  home  to  which 
he  had  come.  Those  present  from  Salem  well  knew  his 
opinion  of  the  people  of  that  city,  and  would  not  be  sur- 
prised to  hear  him  say  that  it  would  always  be  a  strong 
recommendation  to  him  in  any  applicant  for  whatever 
service  he  could  render,  to  know  that  he  is,  or  ever  was, 
a  citizen  of  Salem.  But  as  pleasant  as  his  home  had  been 
with  them,  he  expected,  although  diflerent,  to  find  a  no  less 
pleasant  home  here. 

He  had  come  among  a  people  of  whom  he  had  heard  ex- 
cellent things,  and  he  was  hopeful  that  on  his  part  he 
should  fulfil  the  apostolic  injunction,  "If  it  be  possible,  as 
much  as  lieth  in  you,  live  peaceably  with  all  men." 

Remarks  of  Rev,   George  Gleason, 

Rev.  Mr.  Gleason,  the  new  pastor  of  the  Byfield 
church,  next  spoke  of  the  great  variety  of  interests,  social, 
literary  and  scientific,  which  the  Institute  was  seeking  to 
promote,  said  he  had  attended  its  meetings  with  great 
pleasure  and  profit,  and  that  he  was  happy  to  greet  its 
members  in  Byfield. 

HIST.   COLL.  XIX  13* 


202  WEDNESDAY,    JULY    12,    1882, 

He  had  once  thought  seriously  of  seeking  to  become  a 
member.  He  consulted  one  of  his  brother  ministers  who 
took  him  into  his  study  and  displayed  to  him  the  skeleton 
of  a  female  Indian  which  he  had  exhumed,  remarking  that 
this  was  his  passport  to  the  society,  and  that  if  he  could 
manage  to  discover  the  bones  of  a  squaw,  or  something 
similar,  he  might  easily  become  a  member.  He  once 
suggested  to  the  honored  secretary  that  he  had  lately 
preached  a  sermon  to  his  people  on  birds,  which  he  might 
revise  to  be  read  at  one  of  their  meetings.  The  secretary 
was  kind  enough  to  say  that  the  Institute  sometimes 
listened  to  papers  that  contained  very  little  science  or 
history  provided  it  was  entirely  destitute  of  religion. 
The  speaker  remarked  that  he  thought  his  sermon  would 
meet  these  conditions,  but  for  some  reason  it  had  never 
been  presented. 

Mr.  Gleason  said  that  he  rejoiced  that  the  New  England 
academy  was  again  restored  to  the  honored  place  which 
it  had  once  occupied  in  promoting  liberal  education.  It 
is  impossible  Jor  any  teacher  to  create  such  a  literary,  moral 
and  religious  atmosphere  as  is  indispensable  to  the  pro- 
duction of  the  highest  scholarship  and  the  most  perfect 
character,  in  a  public  school. 

He  predicted  a  successful  future  for  Dummer  Academy. 
With  its  unsurpassed  location  and  great  natural  attractions, 
with  the  accomplished  scholar  and  successful  teacher  now 
secured  as  its  principal,  with  its  numerous  and  honored 
alumni  as  its  constituency,  with  its  efficient  and  enthusi- 
astic board  of  trustees  as  its  managers,  and  its  standard 
as  high  as  that  of  any  other  academy  in  New  England,  it 
can  but  take  a  foremost  place  among  the  educational  in- 
stitutions of  the  land. 


FIELD   DAY   AT   DUMMER   ACADEMY.  203 

liemarks  of  Rev,  Samuel  J,  Spalding,  D.  D. 

Rev.  S.  J.  Spalding,  of  Newburyport,  spoke  of  the 
importance  of  a  return  to  the  influence  of  our  academies 
and  colleges  in  their  earlier  years,  when  the  personal  char- 
acter of  the  principal  or  the  president  was  felt  directly  by 
all  the  students  under  his  charge.  Now  there  was  a  sad 
lack  of  this  influence,  and  there  was  nothing  in  the  present 
management  or  in  the  curriculum  of  such  institutions  to 
take  its  place.  As  instances  of  it  we  might  cite  that  of 
President  Hopkins  at  Williams  College,  and  Dr.  Appleton 
at  Bowdoin,  and  Master  Moody  in  this  Academy.  This 
influence  in  many  cases  was  even  more  important  than 
scholarship,  as  it  had  more  to  do  in  the  building  up 
of  strong,  harmonious,  and  well  developed  manhood. 

The  purpose  of  the  Trustees  in  securing  the  services  of 
Mr.  Perkins  was  to  put  this  school  upon  this  older  basis, 
and  yet  raise  its  grade  of  scholarship,  for  the  two  are  not 
in  the  least  adverse  to  each  other.  On  the  contrary  they 
are  mutually  helpful.  Mr.  Perkins  is  of  the  old  Essex 
stock,  which  is  without  a  question  among  the  best  on  this 
continent. 

When  the  Jesuits  in  Canada  doubled  Cape  Sable,  and 
were  preparing  to  occupy  the  best  localities  on  the  coasts 
of  Maine,  the  Governor  and  the  assistant  governors  of 
Massachusetts  Bay  took  the  alarm  and  decided  to  settle  all 
the  available  points  in  the  northeastern  portion  of  their 
territory.  To  that  end  they  turned  the  tide  of  emigration 
upon  this  coast,  and  from  1634  to  1640  they  settled  Ips- 
wich, Newbury,  Lynn,  Gloucester,  Rowley,  Salisbury, 
and  Hampton,  N.  H.  The  settlers  were  of  the  best  blood 
and  the  best  culture  of  that  period.  Mr.  Perkins  is  of 
that  old  Essex  stock. 

To  aid  him  in  this  work,  we  have  his  wife  also  of  this 


204  WEDNESDAY,   JULY    12,    1882, 

stock,  and  from  Bradford,  once  a  portion  of  the  old  Eow- 
ley  grant.  Further  to  complete  his  preparation,  Mr.  Per- 
kins has  been  in  the  Salem  High  School  for  the  past  four- 
teen years.  He  has  prepared  nearly  a  hundred  pupils 
for  Harvard  University,  which  is  an  ample  testimonial  of 
his  success  as  an  instructor.  Salem  is  older  than  Boston, 
and  always  has  had  an  individuality  both  as  a  town  and  a 
city.  It  is  well  that  it  has  put  its  impress  upon  Mr.  Per- 
kins, and  now  sends  him  forth  with  the  highest  testi- 
monials both  as  a  man  and  a  teacher  of  youth.  We 
cannot,  therefore,  but  have  large  hopes  for  the  future 
of  Dummer  Academy,  and  we  are  confident  that  the  best 
wishes  of  its  noble  founder  will  be  realized,  and  that 
it  will  have  both  success  and  honor,  and  that  it  will 
take  a  high  place  among  other  schools  in  accordance  with 
the  motto  of  its  seal,  "  detur  digniori ;"  let  it  be  given  to 
the  more  worthy. 

Remarks  of  Gen,  William  Cogswell. 

Gen.  William  Cogswell,  ex-mayor  of  Salem,  was 
next  called  upon.  He  said  that  although  he  was  not  a 
graduate  of  Dummer  yet  he  expected  to  be  the  father  of 
one,  for  next  term,  when  the  academy  opened  under  Mas- 
ter Perkins,  he  should  send  his  son  to  Dummer  to  be  fitted 
for  college,  and  if  he  did  not  leave  these  halls  thoroughly 
prepared  he  knew  it  would  not  be  the  fault  of  Master 
Perkins.  He  could  assure  the  trustees  that  in  their  new 
Principal  they  had  a  gentleman  and  an  instructor  who 
would  exceed  their  expectations,  high  as  they  were  of  him. 
That  for  five  years  as  chairman  of  the  School  Committee 
of  Salem,  he  had  been  brought  into  oflacial  and  constant 
intercourse  with  him  as  principal  of  the  High  School,  and 
therefore  he  knew  of  whom  he  spoke.  He  said  he  pre- 
dicted of  him  three  things  :  first,  that  he  would  most  thor- 


FIELD  DAY  AT  DUMMER  ACADEMY.  205 

oughly  drill  and  prepare  his  pupils ;  second,  that  he  would 
exert  over  them  a  great  moral  influence ;  and  third,  that 
he  would  have  the  love  and  respect  of  the  boys.  He  said 
he  was  delighted  with  the  atmosphere  and  surroundings 
of  the  Academy.  It  was  a  beautiful  spot,  a  boy  could 
study  here  if  anywhere ;  that,  whilst  he  agreed  with  Dr. 
Spalding  that  the  master  in  a  large  degree  made  the  school, 
yet  that  even  the  master  and  the  boys  could  do  better 
work  with  the  illustrious  record  and  history  of  old  Dum- 
mer  before  them,  which  Mr.  Northend  had  in  such  an 
interesting  manner  given  us  to-day.  He  closed  by  bid- 
ding God-speed  to  the  Academy,  to  Master  Perkins  and 
to  the  Trustees  in  the  work  before  them,  and  with  con- 
ofratulations  on  the  bris^ht  future  which  he  believed  was 
in  store  for  this  venerable  and  worthy  institution. 

Bemarks  of  Mr,   Charles  G,    Wood  of  Boston, 

Mr.  Charles  G.  Wood  was  next  called  upon  by  the 
President.  He  referred  to  his  pleasant  life  whilst  a  pupil 
of  Dummer  Academy,  then  under  the  charge  of  Nohemiah 
Cleaveland,  and  paid  a  just  tribute  to  the  culture  and 
gentlemanly  characteristics  of  this  distinguished  teacher. 
He  also  feelingly  alluded  to  Deacon  Hale  with  whom  he 
boarded  whilst  at  school.  He  thought  there  was  no  pleas- 
anter  or  safer  place  for  a  parent  to  send  his  boys,  and 
expressed  the  hope  that  under  the  care  of  Mr.  Perkins  of 
whom  he  had  heard  so  many  good  things,  the  Academy 
would  achieve  prosperity  greater  even  than  in  the  past. 

Bemarks  of  Bev,  Fielder  Israel  of  Salem, 

Mr.  Israel  said  :  I  did  not  expect  to  be  called  upon 
to  speak,  but  in  view  of  the  very  kind  manner  in  which 
my  name  and  the  old  church  of  which  I  am  the  minister 


206  WEDNESDAY,    JULY   12,    1882, 

have  been  mentioned  by  the  President,  I  will  not  decline 
to  say  a  word  or  two. 

It  is  quite  an  interesting  coincident,  Mr.  President,  that 
Master  Perkins  in  his  speech  should  have  referred  to  the 
old  academy  system  in  contrast  with  the  High  Schools, 
giving  as  he  did  the  preference  to  the  academy  system. 
For  he  will  remember  that  at  our  Thursday  Club  when 
he  read  a  paper  "  On  High  Schools,"  in  which  he  expressed 
the  same  view,  I  took  the  liberty  to  state  some  of  the 
objections  which  I  had  in  mind  to  the  High  School  as 
now  conducted,  and  to  question  whether  it  was  originally 
intended  by  the  founders  of  the  Public  Schools  to  extend 
the  gratuitous  education  of  the  youth  of  the  Common- 
wealth further  than  what  is  called  the  Grammar  School, 
where  they  were  to  be  instructed  in  the  common  rudiments 
of  the  English  language  and  mathematics. 

Our  fathers,  I  think,  depended  upon  the  academies  for 
a  higher  education  in  the  classics  and  mathematics.  And 
these  academies  were  under  the  supervision  of  the  best 
men  in  the  communities  where  they  existed.  Men  who 
themselves  were  educated,  college  bred  many  of  them ; 
men  of  character,  religious  men  in  the  best  sense,  who  had 
a  sacred  reverence  for  Grod  and  a  sincere  respect  for  man, 
and  with  an  enlightened  and  liberal  spirit  provided  for 
the  religious  interests  of  the  students. 

One  of  the  first  things  you  remember,  Mr.  President, 
the  men  who  came  to  Salem  did  when  they  established  a 
church  and  elected  a  pastor,  was  to  ordain  a  Teacher  also  ; 
and  Francis  Higginson  was  appointed  to  instruct  both  old 
and  young  in  literature  as  well  as  religion.  So  the  min- 
ister was  schoolmaster,  and  the  church  and  the  school  were 
conjoined. 

Then  came  the  academy  of  which  this  was  the  first  in 
the  Commonwealth.     We  have  heard  of  its  ancient  glory 


FIELD   DAY   AT   DUMMER   ACADEMY.  207 

and  the  great  usefulness  of  the  many  distinguished  citi- 
zens who  were  educated  on  this  spot.  Then  of  its  decline 
and  suspension. 

To-day  we  come  to  celebrate  its  re-opening  under  the 
most  favorable  and  hopeful  conditions.  And  we  do  well, 
Mr.  President,  to  encourage  and  strengthen  the  hands  of 
master  J.  W.  Perkins  and  of  the  gentlemen  trustees  in 
their  efforts  to  revive  and  restore  to  this  community  and 
this  commonwealth  this  venerable  institution,  which  we 
trust  will  be  more  than  ever  influential  and  successful  in 
the  education  of  young  men. 

Remarks  of  Mr.  John  H.  Sears  of  Salem. 

Mr.  Sears  made  the  reference  to  scientific  matters,  by 
exhibiting  a  specimen  of  Ribbon  Jasper  found  in  a  neigh- 
boring field,  and  believed  to  be  the  material  out  of  Avhich 
the  Indians  made  their  arrow  heads. 

Remarks  of  Rev.  Daniel  P.  JVoyes. 

Mr.  Gleason  called  the  attention  of  the  President  to  the 
presence  of  Rev.  Daniel  P.  Noyes,  of  Wilmington,  a 
native  of  By  field  and  graduate  of  the  Academy.  In  re- 
sponse to  the  President's  call,  Mr.  Noyes  said  that  he  had 
provided,  as  he  supposed,  against  such  a  summons  as  this 
which  had  come,  and  would  now  simply  refer  to  some  of 
the  xi'dturaX  features  of  this  locality  which  make  it  a  good 
place  for  a  boy's  school. 

It  is  a  good  region  for  boys'  strolls, — short  and  long, — 
over  wide  pastures  into  pleasant  nooks,  thickets,  wood- 
lands, over  broad  hilltops,  nigh  at  hand,  but  command- 
ing views  of  salt-marshes,  winding  rivers,  and  the  sea ; 
and,  farther  away,  still  wilder  walks  to  higher  hills  and 
more  remarkable  prospects. 


208  WEDNESDAY,   JULY   12,    1882, 

It  is  the  place  for  winter  sports.  Before  their  eyes 
were  two  of  the  very  finest  slopes  for  coasting,  with 
"  splendid  jounces."  Right  behind  the  Academy  is  an- 
other that  goes  down  upon  a  skating  pond,  almost  within 
the  grounds.  Then,  for  summer  pleasures  again,  there 
are  the  smaller  and  the  larger  rivers.  One  affords,  over 
there  by  "  The  Pines,"  a  safe  place  for  the  small  boys' 
bathing, — with  its  smooth  gravel  slope  leading  into  the 
water.  Yonder  is  another  for  swimmers,  a  quarter  of  a 
mile  away  in  the  Parker,  down  at  Dublin;  and  it  is  a 
curious  question,  by  the  way,  how  it  happened  that  long 
before  a  syllable  of  "  the  brogue"  had  ever  been  heard  in 
"  ould  Newbury,"  this  name  had  contrived  to  fasten  itself 
there  ?  He  would  throw  out  the  inquiry  for  those  versed 
in  the  local  antiquities,  whether  this  name  is  not,  after  all, 
the  pure  Yankee  for  the  Doubling  of  the  river,  where, 
from  the  first  coming  of  the  settlers,  it  had  been  con- 
venient to  have  a  landing? 

There  can  be  no  doubt  that  for  bathing  and  boating 
this  is  a  favored  region.  For  there  is  the  trip  down 
river  I  Who  that  has  ever  taken  it  but  knows  its  charm  ? 
Along  the  brimming  meadows,  past  the  bridges,  past  Old 
Town  Hill,  till  you  thrill  as  you  feel  the  swell  that  comes 
in  at  Cape  Merrill  from  Plum  Island  Sound  ;  and  there  are 
those  mysterious  seals — whole  families  discovered,  some- 
times on  sandbanks  at  low  water ;  and  all  about  the  marks 
of  the  tides,  and  you  feel  yourself  amongst  the  forces  of 
nature,  and  know  that  you  must  be  a  thousand  miles  from 
a  human  dwelling, — nothing  but  nature  all  about  you. 
There  is  nothing  like  it.  This  is  an  experience  reserved 
for  great  and  rare  occasions .  Ah,  there  is  certainly  noplace 
like  this  for  a  boys'  school.  There  are  fifty  people  here  who 
know  boys  that  ought  to  come.  Tell  them  some  of  their 
privileges. 


FIELD   DAY   AT   DUMMER   ACADEMY.  209 

Remarks  of  Hon.  N,  A,  Horton  of  Salem, 

Hon.  Nath'l  a.  Horton  was  next  called  upon  by  the 
president,  and  said  :  Mr,  President, —  I  am  not  an  alum- 
nus of  this  school,  and  have  no  personal  association  with 
its  membership  in  the  past.  But  for  a  quarter  of  a  century, 
more  or  less,  it  has  been  my  fortune,  as  a  newspaper 
man,  to  attend  some  of  the  exercises  connected  with  its 
past  history  and  current  life ;  and  I  call  up  with  a  feeling 
of  interest  and  pride  in  this  old  Essex  County  institution 
and  in  what  it  has  done,  some  of  these,  especially  the 
occasion  when,  in  1863,  the  late  Nehemiah  Cleaveland,  a 
former  preceptor,  delivered  that  very  admirable  address  in 
commemoration  of  the  one  hundredth  anniversary  of  the 
founding  of  the  institution.  I  have  been  interested  in  the 
remarks  which  Master  Perkins  has  just  made,  and  also  in 
the  record  which  Mr.  Northend  has  presented  of  the  long 
array  of  distinguished  men  who  were  here  educated.  If, 
as  has  been  remarked,  Mr.  Northend  has  not  told  a 
quarter  part  of  what  he  could  tell  in  the  line  of  thought 
he  has  marked  out,  I  for  one  would  gladly  have  dispensed 
with  the  pleasure  of  hearing  others  that  we  might  have 
had  the  satisftiction  of  listening  to  the  more  complete 
record  of  the  school. 

The  remark  of  Mr.  Perkins  concerning  the  character- 
istics of  communities  —  like  those  of  the  good  city  of 
Salem  where  he  has  lived  —  calls  up  a  thought  which 
always  impresses  itself  upon  my  mind  concerning  the 
manner  in  which,  by  personal  contact,  men  impress 
their  individuality  upon  each  other  in  the  common  walks 
and  affairs  of  life,  so  that  the  average  of  personal  charac- 
teristics become  perpetuated  from  generation  to  gener- 
ation.    Every  day  people  die  and  new  people  come  into 

HIST.    COLL.  XIX  14 


210  WEDNESDAY,   JULY    12,  1882, 

life.  Outside  of  the  narrow  circle  interested,  this  com- 
ing in  and  going  out  excites  little  notice  and  awakens 
little  comment.  And  yet  the  process  goes  on  so  constantly 
and  surely  that  in  a  comparatively  few  years,  as  we 
measure  the  lives  of  communities,  this  entire  earth  is 
repeopled.  Men  die  and  give  place  to  others  ;  but  their 
qualities  and  their  characters  are  perpetuated  and  handed 
down  to  live  through  generations  long  after  they  are  for- 
gotten. This  illustrates  the  great  power  of  personal  in- 
fluence as  it  is  unconsciously  exerted  in  the  walks  of  men. 
And  it  ought  to  impress  us  with  the  truth  that  every  per- 
son's influence  counts  for  something  in  the  world's  moral 
force.  It  is  a  dangerous  doctrine  for  a  man  to  believe 
that  his  influence  counts  for  nothing  in  the  daily  contacts 
of  life,  or  that  he  is  so  insignificant  as  to  be  of  no  account 
in  the  world. 

It  is  rare  that  we  can  point  to  such  a  record  of  personal 
influence  as  that  which  has  gone  out  from  this  locality 
through  the  instrumentality  of  this  academy  founded  by 
Gov.  Dummer  more  than  a  hundred  years  ago.  The 
record  which  Mr.  Northend  has  presented  gives  us  some 
little  idea  of  what  this  institution  has  done  under  the  aus- 
pices of  men  who  impressed  the  force  of  their  personal 
character  upon  the  minds  thus  unconsciously  moulded  in 
other  ways  than  by  merely  imparting  the  routine  of  book 
learning,  however  important  that  may  have  been,  or  how- 
ever thoroughly  that  work  may  have  been  done.  Com- 
modore Preble,  who  was  a  graduate  from  this  school,  first 
commanded  the  frigate  Essex  which  was  built  on  Salem 
Neck  by  the  patriotic  spirit  of  those  enterprising  and  en- 
ergetic merchants  whose  ships  penetrated  the  remotest 
seas  and  found  their  way  into  unknown  waters,  and  to 
whom  this  country  is  indebted  for  all  that  it  has  become 


FIELD   DAY   AT   DUMMER   ACADEMY.  211 

as  a  commercial  nation  and  power.  Theophilus  Parsons 
was  not  only  an  able  judge,  but  a  jurist  comprehending 
the  principles  which  are  vital  in  the  formation  and  pre- 
servation of  a  popular  government.  He  was  not  only  a 
member  of  the  convention  which  ratified  the  Federal  Con- 
stitution, but  he  was  one  of  the  Essex  junto  who  success- 
fully opposed  the  earlier  constitution  framed  by  the  legis- 
lature, and  in  1779,  he  was  a  member  of  the  convention 
which  framed  the  present  Constitution  of  our  Common- 
wealth. 

This  academy  has  performed  an  important  part  in  edu- 
cating minds  in  a  way  by  which  they  have  been  better  able 
to  comprehend  the  principles  and  laws  which  must  under- 
lie a  safe,  happy  and  progressive  society  and  government. 
This  is  not  necessarily  done  by  a  particular  theory  or  rule 
of  teaching,  but  it  is  a  thing  which,  with  fair  natural 
capacity,  comes  from  an  instinct  quickened  by  the  con- 
trolling personal  character  of  a  controlling  master  mind. 
This,  I  imagine,  is  the  secret  of  the  success  of  this  institu- 
tion in  the  past.  One  need  of  a  republic  like  ours  is  that 
the  people  shall  learn  to  think  for  themselves,  and  have 
the  moral  courage  to  support  their  convictions.  We  want 
a  little  more  of  that  quality  which  is  willing  to  look  into 
and  think  out  the  drift  and  progress  of  current  events,  and 
not  be  content  with  the  sensational  head  lines  of  a  news- 
paper as  an  exposition  of  passing  history.  The  academies 
of  this  class  have  some  advantages  in  training  minds  by 
the  unconscious  influence  of  daily  personal  contact  with 
the  teacher,  in  school  and  out,  which  the  modern  system 
of  teaching  does  not  and  cannot  present.  Everything 
depends  upon  the  teacher.  The  Principal  selected  for 
this  school  sees  the  advantages  which,  in  certain  particu- 
lars, academies  have,  and,  as  he  has  told  us,  has  never  been 


212  WEDNESDAY,   JULY   12,  1882. 

unmindful  of  them  nor  slow  to  speak  of  them  even  when 
his  interest  for  the  time  being  was  with  the  modern  system 
of  high  schools.  I  have  known  Mr.  Perkins  during  the 
years  he  was  in  Salem,  and  do  not  know  where  the  trus- 
tees of  this  academy  could  have  found  a  man  better  fitted 
for  the  place.  Under  his  direction,  this  school  will  con- 
tinue in  a  work  of  usefulness,  as  in  the  past.  If  it  does 
not,  the  failure  must  be  from  other  causes  than  the  inca- 
pacity of  the  teacher,  or  his  faihire  to  comprehend  the 
vital  principles  of  school  management. 

Mr.  Horton  concluded  by  offering  the  vote  of  thanks 
to  Mr.  and  Mrs.  J.  W.  Perkins,  the  Trustees  of  the 
Academy,  the  Ladies  of  Byfield,  Mr.  Nath'l  M.  Dummer 
of  the  Glen  Mills,  and  to  Mrs.  A.  B.  Forbes  of  the 
Fatherland  Farm  for  courtesies  extended  during  the  day. 


THE  FAMILY  OF  JOHN  PERKINS  OF  IPSWICH. 


BY  GEORGE  A.  PERKINS,  M.  D. 


John  Perkins  of  Ipswich,  some  of  whose  descendants 
are  here  given,  was  one  of  several  persons  of  the  name 
who  came  from  England  in  the  early  days  of  this  country. 
The  heads  of  six  or  seven  distinct  families  may  be  counted 
among  the  earliest  emigrants.  Rev.  William,  of  Boston, 
and  afterward  of  Weymouth,  Ipswich,  Gloucester  and 
Topsfield  ;  John,  of  Ipswich  ;  Isaac,  of  Ipswich  ;  Abraham, 
of  Hampton ;  William,  of  Dover ;  Edward,  of  Connecti- 
cut ;  William,  of  New  Jersey,  and  perhaps  a  family  in 
Delaware ;  besides  these  there  were  quite  a  number  of 
others  who  came  in  passenger  vessels  from  London  to 
Virginia  and  elsewhere. 

There  is  reason  to  believe  that  three  of  the  above  in- 
dividuals, John,  Isaac  and  Abraham,  were  near  relatives, 
brothers  or  cousins ;  and  it  is  not  impossible  that  the 
family,  of  which  Edmund  of  Boston  is  the  first  distinctly 
known,  may  have  been  descendants  of  this  Isaac  and  his 
wife  Alice,  who  were  in  Ipswich  previous  to  1638.  Some 
traditions  in  the  family  point  that  way,  and  the  coat  of  arms 
was  similar.  But  however  distant  and  distinct  the  families 
may  have  been,  they  were  without  doubt  descended  from 
the  same  individual,  "Peter  Morley,  Esq.,  alias  Perkins," 
who  lived  in  the  time  of  Richard  H,  and  was  an  oflScer 
in  the  household,  or  Steward  of  the  Court  of  Sir  Hugh 
Despenser,  about  1300.      The  name  is  easily  made  out 

(213) 


214 


THE   PERKINS   FAMILY. 


from  the  first  Peter,  whose  children  would  be  Peter's  kins 
afterward  Peterkins,  and  finally,  as  now,  Perkins.  The 
name  is  now  spelled  in  a  variety  of  ways  as  Parkins,  Par- 
kyns,  Perkings  and  Perkins. 

Concerning  the  coat  of  arms,  which  we  give  herewith, 
it  was  taken  from  a  deed  of  land  in  Ipswich,  sold  by 
Dr.  John  Perkins  to  John  Wainwright  in  1725,  and  was 
undoubtedly  used  by  his  family,  who  were  then  subjects 
of  the  British  crown.  To  republicans  of  America  this 
coat  of  arms  is,  in  itself,  without 
value,  and  is  only  a  pretty  orna- 
ment or  plaything,  but  genealogi- 
cally it  may  and  does  possess  very 
considerable  value  as  forming  a 
connecting  link  between  the  family 
in  this  and  the  mother  country, 
and  it  is  to  be  hoped  that  at  no 
distant  day  the  clew  may  be  fol- 
lowed up. 

Whoever  is  curious  about  the  early  Perkinses  of  Eng- 
land will  be  pleased  to  see  an  article  in  the  Hist.  Coll. 
of  Essex  Inst.,  Vol.  XV,  which  gives  the  pedigree  and 
arms  as  found  there.  An  interesting  letter  of  W.  H. 
Whitmore,  Esq.,  of  Boston,  concerning  the  ancient  fami- 
lies of  Perkins  in  the  neighborhood  of  Newent,  Glouces- 
tershire, England,  which  is  said  to  have  been  the  home 
of  John  of  Ipswich,  is  to  be  found  in  the  Keg.  of  N.  E. 
Hist,  and  Gen.  Soc,  Vol,  XI,  p.  315,  and  Vol,  XII, 
p.  294. 


THE   PERKINS   FAMILY.  215 

The  introduction  of  local  historical  matter  into  a  book 
of  genealogy  certainly  needs  no  apology  at  this  day. 
During  the  comparatively  few  years  of  our  history  as  a 
people,  many  of  our  earliest  records  have  been  lost,  and 
any  efforts  which  will  preserve  what  remain  l)y  multiply- 
ing copies  are  to  be  commended,  and  are  not  out  of  place 
when  connected  with  the  early  lives  of  our  ancestors. 

It  has  been  an  object  in  these  pages  to  present,  where 
it  is  possible,  some  little  sketch  of  the  life  history  of  the 
individuals,  in  connection  with  the  dry  dates  of  births, 
marriages  and  deaths,  which  arc  only  as  the  skeleton.  It 
is  to  be  regretted  that  this  cannot  always  be  done,  for  too 
often  the  good  deeds  of  our  ancestors  sleep  Avith  them, 
while  the  lives  of  many  are  so  uneventful  that  but  little 
can  be  said  of  them,  and  it  is  always  a  rather  delicate 
matter  to  speak  of  the  deeds  of  the  living. 

The  facts  here  collated  were  gathered  from  various 
sources,  such  as  the  records  of  the  oldest  deeds  and  wills 
in  the  county,  stones  in  cemeteries,  town  records,  fam- 
ily bibles,  and  the  memory  of  aged  people  as  well  as  from 
the  younger  generations.  It  is  not  for  a  moment  to  be 
supposed  that  these  facts,  as  here  given,  are  free  from 
many  errors  and  omissions,  and  the  writer  will  be  thank- 
ful to  have  the  former  con*ected  and  the  latter  supplied. 
No  one  knows  better  than  he  the  many  omissions  which 
it  was  not  in  his  power  to  supply.  The  family  has  spread 
over  the  whole  country,  and  he  has  done  what  he  could  to 
collect  information  from  every  part  of  the  land.     In  some 


k 


216  THE  PERKINS  FAMILY. 

cases  these  efforts  have  met  with  hearty  responses,  in 
others  the  letters  were  either  miscarried  or  were  not  con- 
sidered of  sufficient  importance  to  deserve  an  answer. 

Should  any  person  of  the  name,  on  looking  over  these 
pages,  fail  to  find  his  or  her  name  in  its  proper  place, 
the  author  would  thank  all  such  persons  to  address  him 
through  the  mail,  giving  him  all  the  information  in  their 
possession,  or  that  they  can  obtain  from  reliable  sources, 
with  the  names  of  places  and  dates,  and  send  to  him  as 
soon  as  may  be,  that  additions  and  corrections  may  be 
made  in  a  forthcoming  number. 

I  cannot  let  this  opportunity  pass  without  acknowledg- 
ing my  obligations  and  indebtedness  to  those  persons  who 
have  so  kindly  aided  me  in  collecting  the  materials  here 
put  together,  and  would  especially  mention  my  friends 
and  kinsmen,  Horatio  N.  Perkins,  Esq.,  of  Melrose,  Henry 
F.  Waters,  Esq.,  of  Salem,  Mr.  D.  Walter  Perkins,  of 
Utica,  N.  Y. ,  as  well  as  the  many  others  who  have  kindly 
furnished  me  with  facts  concerning  their  families. 

No.  127  Essex  street, 
Salem,  Mass. 


JOHN  PERKINS. 


1  "John  Perkins,  senior,"  as  he  is  called  on  the 
records,  the  immigrant  ancestor,  some  of  whose  descend- 
ants we  propose  to  give  below,  was  prol)a1)ly  born,  if 
the  traditions  of  the  family  are  correct,  in  Newcnt, 
Gloucestershire,  England,  in  the  year  1590.  He  was 
among  the  earliest  emigrants  from  the  mother  country, 
sailing  from  Bristol,  England,  Dec.  1,  1630,  in  the  ship 
Lyon,  William  Pierce,  master,  l)ound  for  Boston  in  Amer- 
ica, taking  with  him  his  entire  family,  consisting  then  of 
his  wife  and  five  children.  His  fellow  passengers  were, 
the  afterward  famous  divine.  Rev.  Koger  AYilliams,  and 
others  ;  twenty  in  all.  After  a  stormy  passage  of  sixty- 
seven  days  they  arrived  at  Nantasket,  Feb.  5,  1631,  and 
on  the  6th  came  to  an  anchor  before  Boston.  The  fol- 
lowing extract  from  "Prince's  Annals  of  New  England" 
(Vol.  I,  p.  341)  gives  a  graphic  account  of  the  condition 
of  the  colony  at  the  time  of  their  arrival  and  also  of  their 
stormy  voyage. 

"As  the  winter  (1629-30)  came  on  provisions  are  very 
scarce  (in  the  Massachusetts  Bay)  and  the  people  necessi- 
tated to  feed  on  clams  and  muscles,  and  ground  nuts  and 
acorns ;  and  these  got  with  much  difficulty  in  the  winter 
season.  Upon  which  people  grew  much  tired  and  discour- 
aged ;  especially  when  they  hear  that  the  governor  himself 
has  his  last  batch  of  bread  in  the  oven.  And  many  are 
the  fears  of  the  people  that  Mr.  Pierce,  who  was  sent  to 
Ireland  for  provisions,  is  either  cast  away  or  taken  by  the 
pirates.     Upon  this  a  day  of  fasting  and  prayer  to  God 

HIST.  COLL.  XIX  14*  (217) 


218  THE   PEKKINS   FAMILY. 

for  relief  is  appointed  (to  be  on  the  sixth  of  February) . 
But  God,  who  delights  to  appear  in  the  greatest  straits, 
works  marvellously  at  this  time ;  for  on  February  5,  the 
very  day  before  the  appointed  fast,  in  came  the  ship  Lion, 
Mr.  William  Pierce  master,  now  arriving  at  Nantasket, 
laden  with  provisions.  Upon  which  joyful  occasion  the 
day  is  changed,  and  ordered  to  be  kept  (on  the  22d)  as 
a  day  of  thanksgiving."^ 

February  8.  The  governor  goes  aboard  the  Lion  riding 
at  Long  Island ;  (next  day)  the  ship  comes  to  an  anchor 
before  Boston  (to  the  great  joy  of  the  people)  where  she 
rides  very  well,  notwithstanding  the  great  drifts  of  ice. 
And  the  provisions  are  by  the  governor,  distributed  to 
the  people  proportionable  to  their  necessities." 

"The  Lion^  (had)  set  sail  from  Bristol  December  first, 
brought  about  twenty  passengers,  and  had  a  very  stormy 
passage  ;  yet  through  God's  mercy  all  the  people  came  safe 
except  one^  of  the  sailors,  who  had  not  far  from  our 
shore,  in  a  tempest  having  helped  to  take  in  the  sprit- 
sail,  as  he  was  coming  down  fell  into  the  sea,  where  after 
long  swimming  was  drowned,  to  the  great  dolour  of  those 
in  the  ship,  who  beheld  so  lamentable  a  spectacle,  without 
being  able  to  help  him ;  the  sea  was  so  high  and  the  ship 
drove  so  fast  before  the  wind,  though  her  sails  were  taken 
down." 

For  about  two  years  after  their  arrival  in  America  the 
Perkins  family  resided  in  Boston,  where  the  youngest 
child,  Lydia,  was  born,  her  baptism  being  recorded  upon 
the  parish  books  of  the  First  Church  there,  June  3, 
1632. 


iThis  was  probably  the  begipning  of  that  now  general  custom  of  keeping 
Thanksgiving  day,  which  is  observpid  not  oply  in  New  England  but  throughout 
the  country. 

2  Sometimes  written  Lyon. 

'  The  Captain's  son,  Way. 


THE   PERKINS   FAMILY.  219 

We  are  not  able  to  determine  with  certainty  just  what 
employed  the  time  of  our  emigrant  during  the  two  years 
he  resided  in  Boston,  but  the  record  shows  he  was  not 
idle  but  engaged  in  the  public  business  of  the  colony. 

The  following  extract  is  from  the  Records  of  the  Gen- 
eral Court,  Nov.  7,  1632. 

"Cap*  Traske,  Will'"  Cheeseboro,  M'"  Conant  and  John 
Perkins  are  appoincted  by  the  Court  to  sett  doAvne  the 
bounds  betwixte  Rocksbury  and  Dorchestr.  Ralfc  Sprague 
is  chosen  vmpire."  Hecords  of  Col,  Mass.  Bay,  Vol.  i, 
p.  102. 

We  find  also  the  following  concession  made  to  him  by 
"General  Court,"  April  3,  1632. 

"It  was  ordered  tliat  noe  pson  w*soeuer  shall  shoote  att 
fowle  vpon  PuUcn  Poynto  or  Noddles  Ileland,  but  that 
the  s**  places  shalbe  reserved  for  John  Perkins  to  take 
fowle  w"'  netts."  Eec.  of  Col.  of  Mass.  Bay,  Vol.  1, 
p.  103. 

On  the  18th  of  May,  1631,  he  took  the  oath  of  free- 
man, admitting  him  to  all  the  civil  rights  of  the  colony. 
He  removed  from  Boston  in  1633  to  the  colony  then 
newly  founded  by  John  Winthrop  and  others  at  Ipswich. 
Here  he  was  largely  engaged  in  agriculture,  and  had 
several  grants  of  land  ;  the  location  of  his  house  was  near 
the  river  at  the  entrance  to  Jeffries  neck,  on  what  is 
now  East  street,  where  he  had  considerable  land  granted 
him. 

We  copy  the  following  from  the  Ipswich  book  of  Land 
Grants  or  "  Commoner's  records." 

1634.  "Given  and  granted  unto  John  Perkins  the 
elder  40  acres  of  land,  more  or  less,  bounded  on  the  east 
by  Mr.  Robert  Coles  his  land,  on  the  south  by  a  small 
creek,  on  the  west  unto  ye  town  side." 

1635.  Granted  Jno.  Perkins  Sr.  3   acres  of  upland 


220  THE  PERKINS  FAMILY. 

and  10  of  meadow  lying  toward  the  head  of  Chebacco 
creek,  also  a  little  Island*  called  More's  point  about  50 
acres  on  the  south  side  of  ye  town  river.  Also  10  acres 
on  part  whereof  he  hath  built  an  house^  having  W°* 
Perkins  on  S.  W. —  Also  6  acres  of  meadow  and  6  up- 
land joining  to  the  former  10  acres,  all  3  lying  at  east 
end  of  the  town  having  W"^  White's  land  on  N.  E.  and 
a  highway  to  Jeffries  neck  on  N.  W." 

1636.  "John  Perkins  Sr.  was  granted  40  acres  of 
meadow  and  upland  at  Chebacco,  which  he  sold  to 
Thomas  Howlet  1637." 

1639.  "Granted  to  John  Perkins  6  acres  planting 
ground  on  South  side  river."     Vol.  l,p.  174, 

He  was  a  Deputy  to  the  General  Court  and  was  among 
those  present  at  its  session  holden  in  Boston  May  25, 
1636. 

John  Perkins  was  on  the  Grand  Jury  in  1648  and  1652, 
and  his  name  is  also  found  on  trial  juries. 

He  was  appraiser  to  the  estate  of  Sarah  Dillingham  in 
1645. 

"John  Perkins,  sen.,  of  Ipswich,  being  above  60  years 
of  age,  was  freed  from  ordinary  training  by  the  Court  in 
1651." 

John  Perkins,  besides  holding  town  offices  and  occupying 
other  places  of  trust,  appears  to  have  been  one  of  the  lead- 
ing men  of  Ipswich,  and  was  highly  esteemed  by  his  fellow 
townsmen.  He  died  in  1654  at  the  age  of  64  years. 
His  will  (which  is  of  importance  as  settling  the  names  of 
his  wife  and  children  and  some  of  his  grandchildren) 
and  inventory  are  now  on  file  in  the  Probate  Office  in 


*Thi8  Island  contains  by  measurement  30  acres,  and  upon  it  is  now  seen  the 
cellar  of  a  house.  The  Island  has  been  lately  (1882)  purchased  by  a  namesake 
and  descendant  of  John  Perkins,  Sen.,— Mr.  John  Perkins,  shoe  manufacturer  of 
Ipswich. 


THE  PERKINS  FAMILY.  221 

Salem,  a  copy  of  which  is  given  below,  as  also  of  his 
autograph  which  is  appended  to  an  agreement  with  his 
neighbors  concerning  the  fencing  of  their  land.  An  in- 
dorsement on  the  back  of  this  paper  reads  thus  : 

"  This  Paper  Dos  signifi  y*  those  prsons  y*  have  land  in 
y®  nack  are  compeled  to  mack  safisant  fens  acor  Ding  to 
y®""  proportions  of  land."  , 

15  February,  1635.  J^^^    ^t^th)^'^ 


"  Will  of  John  Perkins,  senior,  of  Ipswich. 
28th  of  ye«  first  mo  called  March,  1654.  I  John  Perkins  the  elder 
of  Ipswich  being  at  this  tyme  sick  and  weakc  in  body  yet  through  the 
mercy  and  goodness  of  the  Lord  retaining  my  understanding  and 
memory :  doe  thus  dispose  of  and  bequeath  ray  temporall  estate  as 
Followeth. 

First.  I  do  give  and  bequeath  unto  my  eldest  sonn  John  Perkins 
a  foale  of  my  young  mare  being  now  with  foale  if  it  please  the  Lord 
she  foale  it  well  also  I  give  and  bequeath  to  my  sonn  John's  two 
sonnes  John  and  Abraham  to  each  of  them  one  of  my  yearling 
heyfers  :  also  I  give  and  bequeath  to  my  son  Thomas  Perkins  one  cow 
and  one  heyfer  also  I  give  and  bequeath  to  his  son  John  Perkins  one 
ewe  &  to  be  delivered  for  his  use  at  the  next  shearing  time  also  I  doe 
give  and  bequeath  to  my  daughter  Elizabeth  Sargent  one  cow  and  an 
heyfer  to  be  to  her  and  her  children  after  her  decease  as  it  may  please 
y^  Lord  they  may  increase,  the  proffits  or  increase  to  be  equally  de- 
vided  amongst  the  sayde  children :  also  I  do  give  to  my  daughter 
Mary  Bradbury  one  cow  and  one  heyfer  or  a  young  steere  to  remain 
to  her  and  to  her  children  in  theyr  increase  or  proffits  as  it  shall 
please  the  Lord  to  bless  them  and  to  be  equaly  devided  to  y*^  chil- 
dren :  also  I  doe  give  and  bequeath  to  my  daughter  Lidia  Bennitt 
one  cow  and  one  heyfer  or  steere  to  be  equaly  devided  to  her  children 
in  theyr  increase  or  proffits  after  her  decease ;  I  doe  also  give  unto 
my  grandchllde  Thomas  Bradbury  one  ewe  to  be  sett  apart  for  his 
use  at  y«  next  shearing  tyme  :  also  I  do  give  and  bequeathe  unto  my 
sonn  Jacob  Perkins  my  dwelling  house  together  with  all  the  out- 
howselng  and  all  my  landes  of  one  kinde  and  other  together  with  all 
improvements  thereupon  to  be  his  in  full  possession  according  to  a 
former  covenant  after  the  decease  of  my  wyfe  and  nott  before  and  so 
to  remaine  to  him  and  to  his  heires  forever;  all  the  rest  of  my  estate 
of  one  kinde  and  other  I  do  wholy  leave  my  dearc  wife  Judith  Perkins 


222  THE   PERKINS  FAMILY. 

apointing  and  ordaining  my  sade  wyfe  the  sole  Executrix  of  this  my 
last  will  and  Testament  Desiring  my  sayde  wife  to  dispose  of  the 
cattell  above  mentioned  according  to  her  discresion  as  they  shall 
prove  steeres  or  heyfers,  also  to  dispose  of  some  of  the  increase  of 
the  sheep  to  y^  children  of  my  sonn  Thomas  and  of  my  three  daugh- 
ters at  the  Discresion  of  my  sayde  wife  and  this  I  doe  ordaine  as  my 
Last  will  and  Testament  subscribed  with  my  own  hand  this  twenty 
eight  day  of  y^  first  month  1654. 

Signed  in  presence  of  John  Perkins. 

William  Bartholmew 

Thomas  Harris 

Proved  in  court  held  at  Ipswich  27  (7)  1664  by  the  oath  of  William 
Bartholmew  and  Thomas  Harris  per  me  Robert  Lord,  cleric." 


"  An   Inventory  of  the   Estate  of  John  Perkins 
Senior  deceased. 

It.    the  Dwelling  house  and  barn  with  outhousing  40.  00.  00 

It.   Land  about  the  House  about  eight  acres  12.  00.  00 

It.   More  land  unbroake  up  about  fourteen  acres  21.  00.  00 

It.   a  parcel  of  Marsh  about  six  at  40^  per  acre  12.  00.  00 
It.   a  parcel  of  upland  and  Marsh  being  much  broken  ^ 

about  20  acres  at  20^  per  acre  >        20.  00.  00 

It.    12  acres  of  improved  land  50  per  acre.  24.  00.  00 

It.   one  mare  with  a  mare  foal  at  25.  00.  00 

It.    six  milch  cows  at  30.  00  00 

It.   four  yearling  Heyfers  and  a  Steere  at  11.  10.  00 

Item  six  ewes  at  35. s  10.  10.  00 

It.    5  ewe  lambs  at  05.  00.  00 

It.   one  yearling  weather  and  two  weather  lambs  02.  00.  00 

It.   one  young  Calf  00.  15.  00 

It.    one  cow  at  the  pasture  a  sow  &  3  piggs  all  08.  00.  00 

It.   one  feather  bed  with  bed  &  furniture  04.  00.  00 

It.   Coverlid  with  other  small  thlnges  linen  most  02.  10.  00 

It.  left  in  mony  at  his  decease  10.  00.  00 

It.   a  Cart,  plows,  a  harrow  with  several  goods  of  ^ 

lumber  as  casks  tubbs  cheares  axes  hoes  >           05.  00.  00 

etc.  valuable  ^ 

It.   Severall  ketles  pottes  &  Dishes  in  the  Kitchin  02.  00.  00 

It.   his  wearing  aparell  05.  00.  00 


Witnesses  &  Appraisers  250.  05.  00 

William  Bartholemew  red  in  the  Court  held  at  Ipswich  the 

John  Anable  26  of  the  (7)  1654. 

Robert  Lord  cleric." 


THE  PERKINS  FAMILY.  223 

The  children  of  John  Perkins  and  wife  Judith  were : 

2  John,  b.  1614;  d.  Dec.  14,  1686. 

3  Thomas,  b.  1616;  d.  May  7,  1686. 

4  Elizabeth,  b.  1618 ;  d.  1700. 
6  Mary,  b.  1620 ;  d.  1700. 

6  Jacob,  b.  1624;  d.  Jan.  29,  1700. 

7  Lydia,  b.  1632 ;  d.  ab'  1672;  bapt.  1st  Ch.,  Boston,  June  3,  1632. 


2  John  Perkins,  jr.  (John^)  horn  in  England  in 
1614,  came,  with  others  of  the  same  family,  to  Boston  in 
New  England  in  1631,  and  Avith  them  removed  to  Ipswich 
in  1633.  The  next  year  he  had  a  grant  of  land  as  appears 
from  the  book  of  land  grants  of  IpsAvich. 

1634.  "Given  and  granted  unto  John  Perkins,  Jr., 
6  acres  of  land  in  equal  shares  with  Thomas  Htirdy  and 
Francis  Jordan  lying  East  and  West  of  him."  At  this 
time  he  was  only  20  years  of  age.  The  next  year  he  had 
still  further  grants,  as  appears  upon  the  same  record. 

1635.  "John  Perkins,  jr.,  was  granted  6  acres  of 
planting  gi'ound  beyond  John  Manning's  house,  lying 
between  Francis  Jordan  on  the  one  side  and  Thomas 
Hardy  on  the  other.  Also  there  was  granted  to  him 
6  acres  of  marsh  lying  upon  the  In-ook  commonly  called 
"  Labor-in-vain,"  having  Mr.  Bartholomew's  on  the  one 
side  and  the  great  river  on  the  other.  Also  a  house-lot 
containing  an  acre,  lying  hy  the  river,  having  Thomas 
Hardy's  and  Robert  Andrew's  house-lot  on  the  southeast 
side,  upon  which  John  Perkins  hath  built  an  house  and 
enclosed  it  with  paleing.  Also  5  and  40  acres  of  ground 
lying  beyond  great  Chebacco  river,  right  against  the 
Ware,  bounded  by  the  river  on  the  northwest  and  by 
a  swamp  on  the  southwest. —  There  was  liberty  granted 
to  build  a  ware  which  he  hath  built  and  is  to  enjoy  the 
profits  for  7  yrs.  beginning  1636,  for  the  which  he  is  to 
sell  alewives  ho  there  has  taken  at  5s  pr  1000,  according 


224  THE   PEBKmS  FAMILY. 

to  his  agreement  with  the  town  expressed  in  the  town 
book,  which  5  and  40  acres  and  the  wares  the  said  John 
Perkins  hath  sold  to  Mr.  John  Cogswell,  his  heirs  and 
assigns." 

1637.  "John  Perkins,  Jr.,  is  possessed  of  an  Island 
having  on  the  south  side  the  Chebacco  river,  on  the  north 
an  arm  of  the  same  running  between  the  said  Island  and 
another  Island  called  Hog  Island,  bounded  east  by  Che- 
bacco Bay,  west  by  a  meeting  of  many  brooks  coming  out 
of  the  marshes." 

Feb.  1,  1637.  He  had  also  a  grant  of  70  acres  of  land 
against  his  Island  beyond  Chebacco  river,  which  land  he 
is  to  relinquish  within  four  years  to  the  town,  if  called 
upon  to  do  so. 

He  married  Elizabeth about  1635,  and  entered 

upon  the  duties  of  life  with  a  vigor  which  made  him  a 
desirable  citizen  of  this  new  settlement. 

We  here  give  some  account  of  a  most  important  service 
which  he  rendered  the  infant  colony,  as  this  is  related  by 
Kev.  Thomas  Cobbet  in  a  paper  entitled  "New  England's 
Deliverances."     He  says  : 

"About  5  or  6  yeares  after  (an  intended  attfick  upon 
"Nahumkeick"  by  the  Indians),  in  the  first  planting  of 
Ipswich  (as  a  credible  man  informs  me,  namely  Quarter- 
master Perkins),  the  Tarratines  or  Easterly  Indians  had 
a  design  to  cut  them  off  at  the  first,  when  they  had  but 
between  20  or  30  men,  old  and  young  belonging  to  the 
place  (and  that  instant  most  of  the  men  had  gone  into 
bay  about  their  occasions,  not  hearing  thereof) .  It  was 
thus  one  Robin,  a  friendly  Indian,  came  to  this  John 
Perkins,  then  a  young  man  then  living  in  a  little  hut  upon 
his  father's  island  on  this  side  of  Jeofrye's  Neck,  and  told 
him  that  on  such  a  Thursday  morning,  early,  there  would 
come  four  Indians  to  draw  him  to  goe  down  the  Hill  to 


THE  PERKINS  FAMILY.  225 

the  water  side,  to  truck  with  them,  which  if  he  did,  he 
and  all  neare  him  would  be  cut  off :  for  there  were  40  bur- 
chen  canoues,  would  lie  out  of  sight,  in  the  brow  of  the 
Hill,  full  of  Armed  Indians  for  that  purpose  :  of  this  he 
forthwith  acquaints  Mr.  John  Winthrop,  who  then  lived 
there,  in  a  howse  near  the  water,  who  advised  him  if  such 
Indians  came,  to  carry  it  ruggedly  toward  them,  and 
threaten  to  shoot  them  if  they  would  not  be  gone,  and 
when  their  backs  were  turned  to  strike  up  the  drum  he 
had  with  him  beside  his  two  muskets,  and  then  discharge 
them ;  that  those  6  or  8  young  men,  who  were  in  the 
marshes  hard  by  a  mowing,  haveing  the3'r  guns  each  of 
them  ready  charged,  by  them,  might  take  the  Alarme  and 
the  Indians  would  perceive  theyr  plot  was  discovered 
and  haste  aAvay  to  sea  againe  :  Avhich  was  accordingly  so 
acted  and  tooke  like  effect :  for  he  told  me  that  presently 
after  he  discovered  40  such  canowes  sheare  off  from  under 
the  Hill  and  make  as  fast  as  they  could  to  sea.  And  no 
doubt  many  godly  hearts  were  lifted  up  to  heaven  for 
deliverance,  both  in  that  deliverance  at  Salem  and  this 
at  Ipswich." 

He  opened  the  first  public  house  in  Ipswich,  and  was 
chosen  as  Quartermaster  of  the  military  organization  of 
the  settlement,  a  title  which  he  ever  after  retained.  That 
he  was  one  of  the  leading  men  of  his  day  is  evident  by 
the  frequency  with  which  his  name  is  mentioned  in  con- 
nection with  the  varied  aflairs  of  the  colony.  In  deeds 
and  other  public  documents  and  papers  he  styles  himself, 
"I,  John  Perkins  Quartermaster  and  ordinary  keeper." 

[To  be  continued.'^ 


HIST.    COLL.  XIX  15 


The  Essex  Junto  —  The  Long  Embargo  —  and 

THE   Great  Topsfield  Caucus  of  1808. 

A  paper  read  at  the  Field  Meeting 

IN    Topsfield,  Aug.  30,  1882. 


BY  KOBERT   8.   RANTOUL. 


This  Topsfield  of  ours  has  no  need  of  recourse  to  the 
page  of  history  to  arrest  our  thoughts.  These  everlasting 
hills,  beautiful  to-day,  as  they  stood  when  the  wigwam- 
village  dotted  their  green  slopes, — beautiful  as  they  stood, 
when  the  white  man's  kine  first  browsed  their  grassy  sides, 
and  the  smoke-wreaths  of  the  white  man's  cabin  curled 
about  their  tops, — these  everlasting  hills  stand  here  about 
us  to-day  as  they  stood  in  Creation's  dawn ;  as  they  will 
stand  in  the  far-off  hereafter ;  beautiful  in  the  sunrise  and 
in  the  sunset ;  massive  and  still  and  restful  amidst  the 
shifting  panorama  of  life  ;  beautiful  to-day,  and  yesterday, 
and  forever ! 

But  yet  there  is  a  chapter  in  the  history  of  this  quiet  Tops- 
field  of  ours  so  unique,  so  significant,  and  so  little  remem- 
bered that  I  cannot  refrain  from  claiming  a  share  of  your 
patience  to  recall  it.  And  first  let  us  remember  that  the 
decade  between  1830  and  1840  was  a  revolutionary  one  in 
Essex  County  and  in  Massachusetts.  Never  before  had 
the  old  Commonwealth  in  ten  years  received  such  acces- 
sions of  general  prosperity.  Factories  and  factory  villages 
were  starting  up, — commerce  had  not  yet  dwindled, — 
the  war  and  its  immediate  untoward  results  were  past, — 
the  National  Treasury  was  plethoric  and  was  apportioning 

(226) 


THE    GREAT  TOPSFIELD  CAUCUS   OF    1808.  227 

out  its  surplus  revenue, — the  serpent  of  Southern  Nullifi- 
cation was  scotched, — schools  and  school  systems  were 
multiplying  and  maturing, — the  slavery  agitation  had  not 
disturbed  the  public  pulse,  and  a  wholly  novel  and  startling 
mechanism  for  locomotion  was  hurr^nng  into  vogue,  boring 
mountains,  spanning  torrents,  leaping  ravines,  and  prac- 
tically anuihilating  time  and  space,  which,  whatever  else  it 
might  be  expected  to  do  or  not  to  do,  was  shifting,  in  a 
trice,  the  actual  centres  of  trade,  intelligence,  industry 
and  population,  away  from  the  old  accustomed  geographical 
centres,  the  old  frequented  seaports  and  confluences  of 
roads,  canals  and  streams,  to  new  and  artificial  centres, 
growing  up  at  points  most  accessible  by  rail.  Thus,  not 
to  enlarge  too  far  upon  this  enticing  topic,  Topsfield, 
which  by  looking  on  the  map  you  will  find  to  be  the 
geographical  centre  of  Essex  County,  and  which,  from  the 
early  years  of  the  century  until  1830,  was  in  a  certain 
sense  the  actual  centre,  and  conducted  herself  as  such, 
supporting  a  large  hotel,  entertaining  conventions  and  the 
like,  was  obliged,  because  ignored  by  the  railroad,  to  put 
off*  her  metropolitan  airs  and  see  herself  distanced  by 
rivals  less  fair  to  see,  and  her  claims  overruled  by  that 
iron-sceptred  arbiter  of  modern  destiny,  to  whose  decrees 
nations  as  well  as  cities  and  villages  and  men  have  come 
to  bow.  The  salubrity  of  her  air,  the  charm  of  her 
landscape,  all  her  natural  attractions,  remained  to  her,  but 
they  could  not  save  her. 

Here,  then,  we  sit  at  what  was  once  the  heart  of  Essex 
County.  I  say  in  the  early  years  of  the  century  advisedly, 
because  the  last  important  gathering  of  county  delegates 
at  Topsfield,  of  which  I  am  informed,  was  the  convention 
which  met  there  December  30,  1829,  to  establish  a 
confederation  of  the  Lyceums  of  the  County  upon  the  plan 
then  advocated  by  Josiah  Holbrook  and  other  educators  for 


228  THE    ESSEX   JUNTO THE  LONG  EMBARGO. 

uniting  the  Town  Lyceums  into  a  County  Lyceum,  the 
County  into  a  State,  and  the  State  into  a  National  organ- 
ization. Thus  far  the  scheme  seems  to  have  had  some  sort 
of  countenance  from  such  men  as  Daniel  Webster,  Horace 
Mann,  and  Edward  Everett,  and  there  were  not  wanting 
those  who  were  sanguine  enough  to  think  it  might 
ultimately  take  on  an  international  character.  The  Essex 
County  Natural  History  Society  held  its  meeting  for  or- 
ganization in  the  parlor  of  the  Topsfield  hotel,  April  16, 
1834.  The  Essex  Agricultural  Society,  Timothy  Picker- 
ing, President,  held  its  first  cattle  show  at  Topsfield,  Oct. 
5,  1820,  and  subsequently  chose  Topsfield  for  its  place  of 
exhibition  in  October,  1822,  '23  and  '25,  and  for  the  last 
times  in  September,  1837  and  1838. 

I  fix  the  other  limit  at  the  first  years  of  the  century 
because  those  were  the  years  which  called  into  being  the 
turnpike  system  of  Massachusetts.  In  those  years  the  Stat- 
ute Books  are  full  of  Turnpike  Charters.  The  first  road  of 
this  kind  built  in  this  county  was  that  between  Salem  and 
Chelsea  Bridge,  chartered  in  1802,  and  opened  July  12, 
1803.  And  the  great  turnpike,  connecting  Newburyport, 
"by  as  nearly  a  straight  line  as  practicable,"  with  Chelsea 
Bridge,  was  chartered  in  1803  and  finished  soon  after. 
At  this  time,  Haverhill,  which  was  an  old  town  and  had  a 
population  of  twenty-five  hundred  souls  and  some  New 
Hampshire  trade,  was  connected  by  a  pretty  good  high- 
way with  Salem,  whose  population  was  twelve  or  thirteen 
thousand.  Save  Newburyport,  no  other  place  in  the 
county  had  half  that  number  of  people,  and  now  comes 
Newburyport  with  her  ancient  commerce  and  her  popula- 
tion of  seventy-five  hundred,  whose  way  to  Boston  had 
been  by  the  circuit  of  the  seaboard,  through  Ipswich, 
Beverly  and  Salem,  and  demands  direct,  speedy,  inland 
access  to  the  metropolis,  without  winding  out  of  her  way 


THE  GREAT  TOPSFIELD  CAUCUS  OF  1808.     229 

through  all  these  rival  ports.  So  the  great  inland  turnpike 
is  built  with  a  fine  hotel  at  Topsfield  for  its  half-way 
house,  where  it  crossed  the  Salem  and  Haverhill  road  at 
right  angles,  traversing  the  county  diametrically  from  its 
northeast  to  its  southwest  corner.  Topsfield,  with  her 
eight  hundred  souls,  became  as  it  were  the  stage-centre  of 
Essex  County.  The  fine  old  barn  still  stands  with  its  rows 
of  empty  stalls,  but  the  imposing  hostelry,  which  occu- 
pied a  commanding  eminence  and  was  not  unlike  that  at 
Lynnfield,  succumbed  at  least  a  quarter  of  a  century  ago. 
Stage  lines  passed  the  hotel  connecting  Ncwburyport 
with  Boston,  Newburyport  with  Salem,  and  Haverhill  with 
Salem. 

Here,  in  this  comfortable  Stage  House  parlor,  on  the 
sixth  of  October,  1808,  met  the  delegates  of  the  Federalist 
party  of  brave  old  Essex  and  settled  themselves  down 
about  a  hospittible  wood  fire,  "to  consider  the  alarming 
and  ruinous  condition  of  public  affairs."  The  list  of 
delegates  was  a  rare  one.  William  Bartlett  of  Newbury- 
port was  moderator,  and  Lonson  Nash  of  Gloucester, 
secretary.  Here  were  present  from  Salem,  Benjamin 
Pickman,  jr.,  and  Capt.  Joseph  Peabody  ;  from  Beverly, 
Israel  Thorndike.  Daniel  A.  White,  then  of  Ncwburyport, 
was  there  ;  John  Choate  and  Nathaniel  Lord,  3d,  from 
Ipswich  ;  Benj.  K.  Hough  and  Capt.  Thomas  Parsons 
from  Gloucester ;  Parker  Cleaveland  from  Rowley  ;  James 
Duncan,  jr.,  from  Haverhill ;  Thomas  Perley,  of  Boxford  ; 
John  Phillips,  jr.,  of  Andover ;  Benj.  Peabody,  of 
Middletou ;  Nathaniel  Hooper  and  William  lieed,  of 
Marblehead  ;  Nehemiah  Cleaveland,  of  Topsfield,  and  Rev. 
Dr.  Manasseh  Cutler,  of  Hamilton.  Sixty-four  delegates 
were  present,  and  every  town  in  the  county  was  repre- 
sented. The  action  taken  was  dignified  and  guarded,  and 
their  expressions  moderate  though  decided.    They  declared 


230  THE  ESSEX  JUNTO  —  THE  LONG  EMBARGO. 

the  moment  to  be  **one  of  extreme  public  danger  and  of 
deep  and  general  distress,  without  a  parallel  since  the 
peace  of  1783."  They  attacked  the  embargo,  enacted  a 
year  before,  as  a  restriction  to  which  the  people  of  New 
England  had  yielded  a  quiet  and  commendable  submission, 
while,  as  colonies  under  a  British  administration,  they 
would  have  repelled  it  at  every  hazard.  They  appealed 
for  redress  first  to  the  Legislature  and  Constitution  of  the 
United  States,  and,  failing  relief  there,  to  the  wisdom 
and  patriotism  of  our  State  Government,  and  declared 
that  the  raising  of  the  present  embargo,  although  an 
essential  measure,  was  not  enough,  but  that  the  right  to 
establish  such  a  restriction  must  be  forever  forsworn  by 
the  general  government.  Great  Britain,  they  said,  was 
the  last  bulwark  of  liberty  against  the  ambition  of  Napo- 
leon, and  if  war  was  to  come,  it  should  be  war  with  France 
and  not  with  England. 

What  was  there  about  this  village  Stage  House  parlor- 
ful  of  gentlemen,  which  gave  their  declarations  a  signifi- 
cant importance  throughout  the  country?  What  made 
ex-President  John  Adams  lament  these  calm  and  guarded 
expressions  of  theirs — speaking  of  their  gathering  as  the 
great  Topsfield  caucus  ?  And  why  was  the  demonstration 
attacked  and  denounced  by  a  large  portion  of  the  press  of 
the  Union  and  followed  up  by  another  gathering,  held  also 
in  this  Topsfield  parlor,  Feb.  20,  1809, — a  gathering  of 
the  Administration  party  of  the  county,  which  proved  to 
be  the  largest  county  convention  yet  assembled?  A 
glance  at  their  political  status  and  antecedents  will  help 
us  to  discover. 

The  phrase  "Essex  Junto"  was  at  that  time  a  familiar 
one  in  American  politics.  It  seems  to  have  had  an  Eng- 
lish origin,  but  I  have  not  traced  it.  It  was  first  applied 
in  America  by  one  of  the  Royal  Charter  Governors  of 


THE   GREAT  TOPSFIELD   CAUCUS   OF   1808.  231 

Massachusetts,  before  the  Revohition,  to  certain  successful 
opponents  of  his  policy  who  represented  this  county  in 
the  Assembly.  Essex  County  has  never  been  backward 
in  asserting  her  rightful  influence.  Chafing  under  the 
removal  of  the  State  Capital  to  Boston,  the  men  of  Essex 
did  not  for  years  forego  the  effort  to  restore  it.  They 
superseded  Winthrop  by  Endicott  as  Governor  and  dis- 
placed Winthrop  and  Dudley  by  two  Federal  delegates  of 
their  own,  Hathorne  and  Bradstreet,  in  1644,  and, 
according  to  Palfrey,  were  even  then  charged  with  grasping 
at  the  control  of  the  Colony.  Gov.  Hancock,  in  1780, 
revived  this  phrase  "Essex  Junto"  and  applied  it  to  his 
influential  opponents  in  this  county  of  Essex.  Again 
John  Adams  used  it  as  a  vehicle  for  his  indignation,  in 
1796,  against  the  indifference  manifested  by  certain  Essex 
County  Federalists  to  his  election  that  year  as  Washington's 
successor  in  the  Presidency.  And  it  was  not  until  after  the 
war  of  1812,  during  which  Henry  Clay,  while  Speaker  of 
the  House  of  Representatives,  left  the  chair  to  denounce 
with  terrible  vindictiveness  and  to  defy  the  "bowlings  of 
the  whole  British  pack  set  loose  from  the  Essex  kennel," 
that  the  Essex  Junto  ceased  to  be  a  factor  in  American 
politics.  Even  Abraham  Lincoln,  on  his  advent  on  the 
floor  of  Congress,  devoted  a  portion  of  his  second  speech 
to  an  efibrt  to  clear  himself  of  all  suspicion  of  New 
England  Federalism. 

The  phrase  "Essex  Junto,"  as  now  used,  is  simply  another 
name  for  the  irreconcilable  element  in  the  Federalist  party. 
It  is  not  necessary  to  seek  the  date  of  its  origin  nor  to  ask 
what  persons  it  described  at  any  time,  in  order  to  define  its 
meaning.  Probably,  before  it  was  revived  by  John  Adams 
in  1796,  it  was  little  more  than  a  party  nickname.  But, 
during  the  stormy  administration  of  Adams,  and  especially 
after  the   death  of  Washington,   the   phrase   became   a 


232  THE  ESSEX  JUNTO — THE  LONG  EMBARGO. 

telling  fact — on  the  one  hand  a  name  to  conjure  by ;  on 
the  other  the  challenge  and  provocation  for  furious  attack. 
In  October,  1808,  the  date  of  the  Topsfield  caucus, 
Thomas  Jefferson,  whom  the  Federalists  stigmatized  as 
the  "French  President,"  was  closing  his  second  presiden- 
tial term,  and  had  declined  a  reelection,  and  the 
campaign  was  in  progress  which  was  to  designate  his 
successor.  Washington  had  been  dead  eight  years  and 
Hamilton  four.  John  Adams,  eight  years  out  of  office, 
was  living  quietly  at  Quincy  at  the  age  of  seventy- three, 
in  full  vigor  of  mind,  and  painfully  impressed  with  the 
ingratitude  of  his  countrvmen.  With  his  retirement  from 
the  Executive  chair,  in  1801,  the  Federalist  party  had 
surrendered  the  reins  of  government,  never  to  resume 
them.  For  the  last  quarter  of  the  eighteenth  century 
they  had  shaped  the  destinies  of  this  new  continent  with- 
out successful  interference.  They  had  made  enormous 
sacrifices  for  the  independence  of  the  country,  and  carried 
through  the  war  against  tremendous  odds.  They  had 
conceived  and  set  in  motion  a  new  mechanism  of  govern- 
ment which  a  century  has  shown  to  be  the  most  perfect 
ever  struck  out,  at  a  stroke,  by  the  mind  of  man,  and 
which  we  confidently  hope  another  century  will  prove  to 
be  the  successful  model  for  all  the  world.  But  whether 
it  be  true  that  no  class  of  men  is  strong-headed  enough 
not  to  be  intoxicated  with  power,  or  whether  it  argues 
merely  that  parties,  like  systems,  states  and  men,  have 
their  periods  of  growth,  culmination  and  decline,  explain  it 
as  you  will,  it  is  a  fact  that  from  the  accession  of  Jefferson 
and  the  anti-Federal  party  to  supreme  power  in  the 
government,  in  1801,  to  the  successful  close  of  the  war  of 
1812,  when  it  expired,  the  Federalist  party  of  the  country, 
largely  under  the  leadership  and  control  of  the  Essex 
Junto,  was  engaged  in  a  series  of  acts  and  a  course  of 


THE  GREAT   TOPSFIELD    CAUCUS    OF    1808.  233 

policy,  suicidal  as  to  itself,  and,  so  far  as  we  can  judtje, 
prejudicial  to  the  general  peace  and  well-being  of  the  peo- 
ple, and  onl}'  to  be  spoken  of  with  regret.  At  this  distance 
of  time,  when  events  have  dissipated  its  fears  and  re- 
futed its  delusive  reasonings,  who  can  think  without  a 
shudder  what  might  have  been  the  fate  of  the  country  dur- 
ing those  fifteen  years  of  most  momentous  portent,  had 
there  been  wanting  leading  spirits  outside  its  ranks  and 
beyond  the  influence  of  its  ilhisions,  capable  of  taking  up 
and  carrying  forward  the  work  it  had  so  well  begun,  and 
in  which  it  had  so  signally  faltered  !  These  are  strong 
words.  They  are  not  lightly  to  be  applied  to  men  of  such 
eminence  and  virtue. 

The  Federalists  of  New  England  were  no  every-day 
adventurers  in  political  life.  They  were  honest,  they 
were  intelligent,  they  were  public  spirited,  they  were 
brave.  In  the  war  of  the  Revolution  they  had  put  all 
they  had  at  stake, — life,  property,  reputation,  the  standing 
and  safety  of  their  families, — for  what  they  thought  to  be 
the  true  interests  of  the  country.  They  possessed,  in  the 
main,  the  wealth,  the  education,  the  will-power,  the  social 
precedence  of  their  section.  Officers  in  the  war,  com- 
manding their  own  fellow-citizens  in  the  ranks  of  the 
army,  or  on  the  slippery  gun-decks  of  privateersmen  and 
men  of-war;  ship-masters  or  ship-owners  who  had  been 
ship-masters,  in  peace,  accustomed  to  command  their  own 
townsmen  and  neighbors  from  the  quarter  deck,  and  to 
exact  even  then  an  obedience  as  pr()mi)t  and  unhesitating 
as  it  was  absolute ;  accustomed  as  well  to  control  every 
avenue  to  employment,  wealth,  social  and  commercial 
preferment ;  it  was  not  strange  that  in  brave  old  Essex, 
rich,  populous,  powerful,  maritime,  with  her  five  great 
centres  of  trade  at  the  growing  seaports  of  Newburyport, 
Marblehead,  Gloucester,  Beverly  and  Salem,  furnishing 

HI8T.   COLL.  XIX  16* 


234  THE  ESSEX  JUNTO  —  THE  LONG  EMBARGO. 

the  agriculture  of  the  county,  for  there  were  then  no  fac- 
tory villages  to  be  fed,  with  convenient  markets  for  its 
products,  and  accessible  warehouses  of  every  imported 
luxury, — it  was  not  strange  that  in  brave  old  Essex  this 
well-equipped  patrician  class  should  cling  tenaciously  to 
its  prestige  and  yield  more  slowly  than  elsewhere  the  def- 
erence it  had  learned  to  love.  Defection  from  its  ranks 
was  regarded  as  little  better  than  treason,  and  was  met, 
as  a  personal  ajQfront,  with  the  too  ready  weapons  of  social 
ostracism  and  political  death.  Its  ideas  of  personal  author- 
ity had  been  learned  in  a  school  the  most  absolute  on  earth. 
Its  ideas  of  law  and  civil  polity  were  derived  from  the 
study  of  English  precedent,  and  English  society,  a  school 
in  which  liberty  and  equality  were  not  more  sacred  than 
caste,  and  the  true  basis  of  government  was  held  to  be 
force  and  not  public  opinion. 

The  Embargo  had  been  in  operation  about  one  year  at 
the  date  of  the  Topsfield  caucus  of  1808.  It  was  a 
measure  for  keeping  at  home  all  Xhe  shipping  of  our  ports 
during  the  dangerous  and  uncertain  period  of  Napoleonic 
commotion.  It  fell  with  terrible  severity  upon  Essex 
County.  I  shall  not  tax  you  with  a  discussion  of  its 
policy.  It  was  denounced,  like  every  act  of  Jefferson's 
administration,  as  in  the  interest  of  France.  Chief 
Justice  Parsons  of  Newburyport  thought  the  "people  of  this 
country  corrupted;  already  in  a  state  of  voluntary  subju- 
gation to  France,  and  ready  to  join  an  army  of  Bonaparte, 
if  he  should  send  one  here,  to  subdue  themselves. 
The  only  protection  of  our  liberties  is  the  British  Navy." 
In  this  view,  expressed  May  10,  1808,  to  one  of  our  United 
States  Senators,  John  Quincy  Adams,  then  bitterly  de- 
nounced by  the  Federalists  as  a  renegade  and  apostate 
for  supporting  the  Embargo,  the  Chief  Justice  had  the  con- 
currence of  Alexander  Hamilton,  the  most  brilliant  of  the 


THE   GREAT  TOPSFIELD  CAUCUS   OF    1808.  235 

Federalist  leaders  and,  according  to  Chief  Justice  Marshall, 
a  personage  second  only  to  Washington  in  national  con- 
sideration. Hamilton  had  disliked  the  form  of  government, 
and  proposed  a  Senate  chosen  for  life  and  a  President  for 
life,  with  his  head  on  the  coinage,  and  with  the  power  of 
appointing  State  Governors,  they  to  have  a  veto  ai)sohite  ; 
President  and  Senate  to  be  chosen  by  tlie  property-holders 
of  the  country.  But  he  had  nevertheless  honestly  accepted 
the  constitution  as  the  best  attainable  result  and  done  very 
conspicuous  service  in  securing  its  adoption.  In  Feb- 
ruary, 1802,  he  wrote  :  "perhaps  no  man  in  the  United 
States  has  sacrificed  or  done  more  for  the  present  con- 
stitution than  myself,  from  the  very  beginning.  I  am 
still  laboring  to  prop  the  frail  and  worthless  fabric."  His 
remedy  was  the  "increase  of  centralization  by  every 
means,"  and  among  others  the  subdivision  of  the  States 
"as  soon  as  practicable"  and  the  promoting  of  "institutions 
of  a  charitable  and  useful  character  in  the  management  of 
Federalists."  In  his  lj«t  letter  before  receiving  Burr's 
fatal  bullet,  July,  1804,  he  condemns  the  proposal  for  a 
"dismemberment  of  our  empire,"  as  administering  "no 
relief  to  our  real  disease,  which  is  democracy^  the  poison 
of  which,"  etc.  But  in  1798  he  had  written  to  Washington  : 
"It  is  more  and  more  evident  that  the  powerful  faction 
which  has  for  years  opposed  the  Government  is  deter- 
mined to  go  every  length  with  France.  I  am  sincere  in 
declaring  my  full  conviction,  as  the  result  of  a  long 
course  of  observation,  that  they  are  ready  to  new  model 
our  constitution  under  the  influence  or  coercion  of  France  ; 
to  join  with  her  a  perpetual  alliance,  offensive  and 
defensive,  and  to  give  her  a  monopoly  of  our  trade  by 
peculiar  and  exclusive  privileges.  This  would  be  in 
substance  to  make  this  country  a  province  of  France. 
Neither  do  I  doubt  that  her  standard,  displayed  in  this 


236  THE  ESSEX  JUNTO THE   LONG  EMBARGO. 

country,  would  be  directly  or  indirectly  seconded  by  them 
in  pursuance  of  the  project  I  have  mentioned." 

Fisher  Ames,  who  was  the  clarion- voice  as  Hamilton 
had  been  the  sword-arm  of  Federalism,  declared  himself 
in  no  more  equivocal  terms.  He  died  at  the  age  of  fifty, 
on  the  fourth  of  July,  1808.  He  wrote  to  Josiah  Quincy, 
in  Feb.,  1806,  "In  case  Europe  accepts  peace  and  chains, 
we  of  the  United  States  are  ripe  and  rotten  for  servitude 
and  tribute.  Bonaparte  would  have  no  need  to  pull  trig- 
ger. Disguise  the  name  and  we  shall  furnish  our  quota 
as  cheerfully  as  Italy  or  Spain.  If  Burr  goes,  and  finds 
Bonaparte  triumphant,  Jefferson  has  a  master,  and  the 
United  States  a  prefect.  I  have  long  thought  a  democracy 
incapable  of  liberty.  It  seems  now  almost  impossible 
tKat  we  should  long  enjoy  the  honor  and  happiness  of  a 
tyrant  of  our  own."  And  again,  in  December,  of  Mr. 
Jefferson,  he  wrote  to  Mr.  Quincy,  "Let  us  be  just  to  this 
man.  Is  he  not  a  very  good  chief  for  us?  Would  any 
man,  who  was  free  from  the  lowest  passions  and  prejudices 
of  the  lowest  mob,  manage  our  affairs  with  success? 
Our  nation  must  act  out  its  character,  or  rather  act  with- 
out one,  till  forty  years  of  adversity  have  taught  those 
who  can  learn  and  exterminated  those  who  will  not." 
To  Timothy  Pickering,  he  wrote,  in  February,  1806, 
"After  England's  fall,  ours  would  not  cost  Bonaparte  a 
blow ;  we  are  prostrate  already  and  of  all  men  on  earth 
the  fittest  to  be  slaves."  And  again,  in  March,  he 
speaks  of  the  administration  as  "ordinary  knaves,  who 
happen  to  be  in  a  situation  to  do  more  than  ordinary 
mischief  .  .  .  Our  disease  is  democracy.  It  is  not 
the  skin  that  festers.  Our  very  bones  are  carious  and 
their  marrow  blackens  with  gangrene.  Which  rogues 
shall  be  first  is  of  no  moment :  our  republicanism  must 
die  and  I  am  sorry  for  it.     But  why  shall  we  care  what 


THE  GREAT  TOPSFIELD  CAUCUS  OF  1808.     237 

sexton  happens  to  be  in  office  at  our  funeral?  .  .  . 
Our  country,  as  you  know,  is  destined  to  the  grasp  of  all 
its  vice  and  ambition,  the  ambition  of  its  low  tyrants." 
And  again,  in  January,  1807,  "a  republic  tends  irresistibly 
towards  licentiousness,  and  a  licentious  re])ublic,  or  de- 
mocracy, is  of  all  governments  that  veiy  one  in  which  the 
wise  and  good  are  most  completely  reduced  to  im[)()tence." 
And  in  February,  1807,  "we  should  take  inonmchy,  des- 
potism, fetters  and  ignominy  better  than  any  people,  not 
excepting  the  Dutch,  that  Bonaparte  has  yet  conquered." 

Reckless  and  incendiary  language  like  this,  coming 
from  tiie  natural  leaders  of  society,  may  find  much  in  the 
conditions  and  circumstances  ot  the  times  to  palliate  and 
excuse  it,  but  nothing  to  justify  it.  If  it  be  claimed  that 
it  was  only  rhetorical  extravagance,  justified  by  the  faulty 
fashion  of  the  day,  I  answer  that  the  men  who  used  it 
were  the  men  who  set  the  fashion  of  the  day.  If  it 
be  asserted  that  they  meant  less  than  they  said  and 
only  indulged  these  gloomy  vaticinations  among  them- 
selves, let  the  apologist  who  cares  to  impugn  their 
sincerity,  which  I  do  not,  search  their  written  and  spoken 
expressions  at  this  period  for  a  ray  of  hope,  and  he  will 
search  in  vain.  They  honestly  believed  their  country  to 
be  irretrievably  doomed.  Their  sufferings  were  unfeigned, 
their  agonies  were  real ;  and  the  very  bitterness  of  their 
lamentation  is  a  measure  of  their  inadequacy  for  the  crisis 
to  which  their  own  labors  and  sacrifices  had  so  greatly 
contributed. 

To  the  thorough-going  Federalist,  the  great  national 
party,  which,  in  1800,  wrested  the  general  government 
from  his  grasp  and  administered  it  for  a  quarter  of  a 
century,  was  never  anything  but  the  "opposition  faction," 
and  to  the  arrogance  of  calling  his  own  the  American 
party,  he  added  that  of  designating  his  opponents  some- 


238  THE  ESSEX  JUNTO  —  THE  LONG  EMBARGO. 

times  as  Jacobins,  sometimes  as  the  French  faction,  and 
sometimes  as  the  Tories.  It  is  not  enongh  to  say  that 
the  supporters  of  Jefferson,  Madison  and  Monroe  used 
terms  as  violent  and  coarse,  for  the  Federalists  set  up 
claims  which  estopped  them  from  pleading  this  excuse.  In 
his  speech  in  Congress,  which  called  forth  the  savage  rebuke 
of  Henry  Clay,  Josiah  Quincy  of  Boston  is  reported  as 
saying  of  the  Federalists  of  New  England  that  they  com- 
prised "almost  all  the  moral  sense  and  nine-tenths  of  the 
intelligence"  of  that  section.  They  habitually  spoke  of 
themselves  in  their  familiar  intercourse  and  letters,  as  "the 
wise  and  good,"  and  Mr.  Henry  Cabot  Lodge,  in  his  ad- 
mirable life  of  George  Cabot,  to  which  I  am  much  indebted, 
[p.  508]  says  that  Mr.  Harrison  Gray  Otis  claimed  for 
the  Hartford  Convention  that  it  "represented  all  the  vir- 
tue and  intelli<yence  of  New  Encrland."  Phrases  which 
are  the  mere  ebullition  of  passion  may  mislead  our  judg- 
ment of  the  men  who  utter  them,  but  unfortunately  the 
Federalists  of  New  England  have  not  left  us  in  doubt  as 
to  their  real  feelings.  They  had  been  the  petted  sons  of 
the  Revolutionary  period  ;  they  were  the  spoiled  children 
of  the  risen  Republic  ;  or  rather  they  were  like  the  doating, 
autocratic  father  who  seems  to  himself  to  own  the  child 
he  has  loved  and  reared,  and  comes  to  hate  because  he 
can  no  longer  control  his  offspring.  They  had  totally 
misconceived  the  genius  of  the  nation  they  had  done  so 
much  to  create.  They  had  failed  to  perceive  the  extent 
to  which,  in  throwing  off  British  authority,  we  had  thrown 
off  British  ideas.  The  tendencies  they  denounced  as 
French  were  in  a  large  measure  the  prevailing  ideas  of 
progressive  modern  Europe,  which  they  would  have  found 
nearly  if  not  quite  as  incorrigible  in  Franklin,  had  he 
lived  longer,  as  in  Jefferson.  The  particular  measure, 
the  Embargo,  upon  which  they  exhausted  the  vocabulary 


THE   GREAT   TOPSFIELD  CAUCUS    OF    1808.  239 

of  vituperation,  as  being  sectional  in  its  scope,  futile,  and 
ruinous  to  commerce,  had  the  support,  among  others,  of 
William  Gray,  a  lifelong  Federalist,  who  owned  at  that 
time  about  one  quarter  part  of  the  tonnage  of  Salem,  and 
who  was  supposed  to  be  the  largest  ship-owner  in  the 
Union.  The  propositions  of  international  law  which  they 
chose  to  regard  as  too  preposterous  for  discussion  had 
the  support  of  Judge  Story,  then  our  member  of  Con- 
gress, and  soon  after  for  the  remainder  of  his  life  on  the 
Supreme  Bench  of  the  Union.  The  Administration  organ 
of  this  county,  the  Essex  Kegister,  against  which  nothing 
was  too  envenomed  or  extravagant  to  be  uttered,  was  avow- 
edly conducted  at  that  time  by  no  less  a  personage  than 
Dr.  Bentley.  Denouncing  these  men,  and  Gerry  of  Mar- 
blehead,  and  the  Crowninshields  of  Salem,  and  others  of 
equal  sense  and  spirit,  as  political  knaves  and  fools,  was 
a  desperate  resource,  and  when  coupled  with  declarations 
of  utter  want  of  confidence  in  the  people,  in  popular  ideas 
of  government,  and  even  in  the  Constitution  they  them- 
selves had  helped  to  establish,  the  policy  was  suicidal. 
There  could  be  but  one  possible  issue  of  it  all,  and  thus, 
in  a  frenzy  of  vituperation,  which  its  leaders,  where  they 
did  not  fan  the  flame,  were  unable  to  check,  expired  the 
closing  eff()rts  of  which  the  Topstield  Caucus  was  one  and 
the  Hartford  Convention  the  last,  to  restore  the  Federalist 
party  to  national  importance.  The  deservedly  great  pres- 
tige of  such  men  as  Theophilus  Parsons,  and  John  Lowell  of 
Newburyport,  Nathan  Dane,  George  Cabot  and  Israel 
Thorudike  of  Beverly,  and  Timothy  Pickering  ot  Wen- 
ham,  was  not  enough  to  save  it,  although  they  threw  their 
weight  without  reserve  into  the  scale.  Of  course  they 
differed  among  themselves.  Pickering  and  Parsons, 
Thorndike  and  Lowell,  were  the  more  aggressive ;  Dane 
and  Cabot  more  cautious  and  uncertain.     While  Picker- 


240  THE  ESSEX   JUNTO  —  THE  LONG  EMBARGO. 

ing,  who  was  the  chosen  biographer  of  Hamilton,  wrote 
in  1804,  "I  do  not  believe  in  the  practicability  of  a  long 
continued  Union.  I  greatly  doubt  whether  prudence 
should  suffer  the  connection  to  continue  much  longer.  A 
Northern  Confederacy  would  unite  congenial  characters 
and  present  a  fairer  prospect  of  public  happiness,  while 
the  Southern  States,  having  a  similarity  of  habits,  might 
be  left  to  manage  their  own  affairs  in  their  own  way" :  — 
And  while  Col.  Pickering  declared  himself  at  times  ready 
for  action,  such  as  detaining  the  revenues  for  state  uses, 
and  an  independent  system  of  state  defences,  "for  protec- 
tion against  the  foreign  enemy  and  the  still  greater  evil  in 
prospect,  domestic  tyranny  ; "  Cabot,  the  chosen  biogra- 
pher of  Ames,  "the  keeper,"  Ames  called  him,  of  his 
"conscience  and  judgment,"  and  President  of  the  Hartford 
Convention,  who  seems  to  have  thought  that  a  landed 
gentry  and  governing  class  would  afford  some  relief,  and 
that  no  one  ought  to  vote  who  had  not  two  thousand  dol- 
lars worth  of  real  property,  was  generally  despondent  and 
inclined  to  hold  "the  evil — the  radical  evil — to  be  inherent 
in  the  Government  itself,  in  Democracy,  and  therefore  in- 
curable;"  and  to  think  "the  temporary  preservation  of 
the  State  hardly  worth  the  effort." 

But  I  have  said  enough  to  show  that,  at  this  formative 
period  of  the  Kepublic,  while  the  elements  were  consoli- 
dating into  a  body  politic  without  precedent  in  history, 
there  were  those  among  the  framers  of  the  Government, 
brave  beyond  dispute  and  honored  among  their  peers,  who 
stood  appalled,  like  Frankenstein,  before  the  stupendous 
mechanism  they  had  contrived  and  set  in  motion,  and  who 
would  willingly  have  unmade  what  their  hands  had  builded. 
I  have  said  enough  to  show  why  it  was  that  the  action  of 
a  few  representative  men  of  Essex  County,  and  convened 
at  Topsfield  Hotel,  seventy-four  years  ago,  possessed  an 
interest  throughout  the  country. 


HISTORICAL   COLLECTIONS 


ESSEX  INSTITUTE 


Vol.  XIX.     Oct.,  Nov.,  Dec,  1882.     Xos.  10, 11, 12. 


COMMON  FIELDS  IN  SALEM. 


BY  HERBERT  B.  ADAMS. 


The  reproduction  of  the  old  English  system  of  Com- 
mon Fields,  or  associate  ownership  of  land  for  tillage  and 
pasture,  is  a  curious  chapter  in  the  agrarian  history  of  early 
New  England  towns.  Nearly  all  of  them  had  the  system 
to  a  greater  or  less  extent.  The  writer  has  discovered 
evidence  of  its  general  prevalence  throughout  the  Plan- 
tations of  Plymouth  Colony,  where  to  this  day  there  are 
many  remarkable  cases  of  survival,  especially  upon  Cape 
Cod.  But  evidence  is  not  lacking  of  the  long  continuance 
of  this  ancient  system  upon  a  large  scale  in  Salem,  the 
oldest  of  towns  in  the  Colony  of  Massachusetts  Bay.  In 
the  year  1640,  there  were  in  Salem  no  less  than  ten  Com- 
mon Fields  of  associated  proprietors,  who  fenced  more 
or  less  in  common,  under  the  supervision  of  fence  viewers 
or  surveyors  of  fences,  who  were  appointed  in  Town 
Meeting.  There  was  a  special  committee  for  each  field. 
In  the  course  of  the  seventeenth  and  eighteenth  centuries, 

HI8T.   COLL.  XIX  16  (241) 


242  COMMON  FIELDS   IN   SALEM. 

most  of  these  old  communal  proprietorships  were  broken 
up  into  individual  and  separate  holdings,  but  the  North 
Fields  and  the  South  Fields,  which  are  spoken  of  as  early 
as  1642-3,  continued  as  Common  Fields  down  to  about  the 
middle  of  the  eighteenth  century,  and  are  still  frequently 
referred  to  by  citizens  of  Salem  who  are  conversant 
with  the  traditions  of  the  Fathers.  The  Rev.  Charles  T. 
Brooks,  in  his  poem  delivered  September  18,  1878,  at  the 
commemoration  of  the  fifth  half  century  of  the  landing  of 
Endicott,  refers  to  the  ancient  Common  Fields,  so  familiar 
to  the  early  settlers  : 

"  North  Fields  and  South  Fields  little  dreamed  that  day 
Of  horse-cars  running  on  an  iron  waj'." 

In  the  Eev.  William  Bentley's  "Description  of  Salem,"  ^ 
published  in  the  year  1800,  the  old  North  Fields  are  spo- 
ken of  as  "  the  lands  lying  north  of  North  river"  and  as 
containing  "four  hundred  and  ninety  acres."  He  speaks 
of  "an  hill  called  Paradise,  from  the  delightful  view  of 
the  western  part  of  the  town."  He  says  that  South  Fields 
"are  the  lands  included  between  Forest  and  South  rivers, 
and  are  divided  from  the  great  pasture  by  the  Forest-river 
road.  These  lands  are  in  good  cultivation.  Near  the 
town  are  some  settlements ;  the  rest  remain  in  farms  and 

lots,  possessed  by  the  inhabitants  of  the  town 

The  South  Fields  contain  six  hundred  acres."  ^  Certain 
parcels  of  ungranted  or  unoccupied  land  in  the  old  North 
Fields  remain  common  to  this  day,  for  example  the  tract 
of  four  or  five  acres  known  as  "Liberty  Hill, "  now  used 
as  a  public  pleasure  ground.  A  few  years  ago  there  was 
considerable  discussion  in  Salem  as  to  the  ownership  of 
such  tracts.   It  was  the  opinion  of  a  prominent  legislator, 


» Collections  of  the  Massachusetts  Hist.  Soc,  let  Series,  vi,  218, 
a  Ibid,  217. 


COMMON   FIELDS    IN    SALEM.  243 

Hon.  Charles  W.  Upham,  then  Mayor,  in  a  Report  on  the 
Common  Lands  of  the  City  of  Salem  in  1852,^  that 
"Liberty  Hill  or  any  other  unappropriated  lands,  if  any 
there  be  in  North  Fields,  belong  to  the  proprietors  of  that 
district  by  a  sort  of  special  commonage,  but  cannot  be 
disposed  of,  or  appropriated  by  them,  without  the  consent 
of  the  town  first  had  and  obtained.  This  seems  to  have 
been  the  principle  upon  which  the  North  Field  common 
lands  were  administered." 

This  opinion  is  sustained  by  the  fact  that  at  a  Salem 
town  meeting,  March  8,  1684,  it  was  voted  that  the  pro- 
prietors of  North  Fields,  or  the  major  part  of  them,  should 
have  liberty  to  make  such  orders,  from  time  to  time  as  they 
should  find  necessary  for  the  sufficient  fencing  and  well 
improving  of  the  said  fields,  and  all  such  orders  made  by 
them,  relating  to  the  premises,  being  presented  to  the 
Selectmen  and  approved  of  by  them  were  to  hold  good. 
But  the  Selectmen  had  the  right  of  veto,  showing  that  the 
authority  over  common  fields  which  were  owned  by  an 
individual  proprietary  was  still  vested  in  the  town. 

A  local  incident  in  American  Revolutionary  history, 
related  by  Mr.  Felt  in  his  Annals  of  Salem,  well  illustrates 
the  independent  spirit  which  characterized  the  ancient 
proprietors  of  North  Fields,  an  agrarian  commonwealth 
within  the  larger  self-governed  community  of  Salem. 
When  Colonel  Leslie,  commander  of  a  detachment  of 
British  forces,  was  directing  his  march  towards  the  "  hill 
called  Paradise  "  in  order  to  seize  the  artillery  which  had 
been  hidden  there,  he  found  the  road  through  North  Fields 
blocked  at  a  certain  bridge,  which  still  belonged  to  the 
old  proprietors,   although  the  Common  Field  had  been 


»  Salem  Cily  Documents,  for  year  1852,  p.  30.  The  writer's  attention  was  called  to 
this  opinion  of  the  late  Hon.  Charles  W.  Upham  by  Mr.  Kobert  S.  Bantoul  of  Salem. 


244  COMMON   FIELDS   IN   SALEM. 

broken  up  for  more  than  a  quarter  of  a  century.  The 
Colonel  remonstrated  with  the  farmers  for  obstructing  the 
King's  highway.  "This  is  not  the  King's  highway,"  said 
one  of  those  sturdy  yeomen.  "This  is  a  private  way  be- 
longing to  the  proprietors  of  North  Fields."  Graphic 
accounts  of  the  memorable  scene  at  North  Bridge  are  to 
be  found  in  the  printed  speeches  of  Henry  L.  Williams, 
George  B.  Loring,  and  Edmund  B.  Willson,  on  the  occasion 
of  the  Centennial  Anniversary  of  Leslie's  expedition  to 
Salem,  which  invasion  of  local  rights  occurred  February 
26,  1775.  "  This  deliberate,  open  resistance,"  said  Mayor 
Williams,  "  by  our  townsmen  to  the  decrees  of  the  crown 
took  place  about  seven  weeks  before  the  resistance  at 
Lexington  and  Concord."  There  is  not  the  shadow  of  a 
doubt,  if  Colonel  Leslie,  the  officer  sent  from  Boston  by 
General  Gage  to  take  away  the  Salem  guns,  had  offered 
violence  to  the  North  Field  farmers,  that  the  American 
Revolution  would  have  flamed  out  then  and  there,  for  the 
yeomen  were  armed  for  battle ;  the  local  militia  men  were 
prepared,  if  necessary,  to  defend  the  Bridge.  "You  had 
better  not  fire,"  said  John  Felt,  a  plain-spoken  townsman 
who  had  been  remonstrating  with  Leslie  ;  "you  have  no 
right  to  fire  without  further  orders,  and  if  you  do  fire  you 
are  all  dead  men.  For  there,"  said  Felt,  pointing  to  the 
assembled  townsmen,  "  is  a  multitude,  every  man  of  whom 
is  ready  to  die  in  this  strife."  And  Leslie  did  not  fire. 
Another  leading  man  came  forward  and  expostulated  fur- 
ther with  Leslie.  "And  who  are  you,  sir?"  demanded  the 
British  Colonel .  The  man  replied ,  "  I  am  Thomas  Barnard , 
a  minister  of  the  gospel,  and  my  mission  is  peace." 
He  had  come  with  his  congregation  from  the  old  North 
Church,  when  the  alarm  arose  that  Sunday  morning,  "The 
regulars  are  coming  !"  The  whole  town  poured  out,  and 
nothing  but  the  entreaties  of  the  minister  induced  them  to 


COMMON   FIELDS    IN    SALEM.  245 

lower  the  draw-bridge  and  allow  Leslie  to  march  over  a 
few  rods  on  condition  that  he  should  march  straight  back 
again  without  any  further  aggressions  on  proprietary  rights. 
This  withdrawal  without  seizing  the  guns  cost  Leslie  his 
commission,  but  it  prevented  Salem  Common  Fields  from 
becoming  the  first  battle  ground  of  the  American  Kevolu- 
tion.* 

One  summer,  a  few  years  ago,  in  the  Bodleian  Library 
of  the  Essex  Institute,  at  Salem,  through  the  kind  offices 
of  Dr.  Henry  Wheatland  and  Mr.  William  P.  Upham, 
there  came  into  the  hands  of  the  writer  a  rare  old 
manuscript.  It  was  not  one  of  the  lost  books  of  Livy, 
neither  was  it  Cicero's  missing  treatise  De  Gloria,  which 
was  lost  by  Petrarch's  poverty-stricken  old  schoolmaster 
who  was  forced  to  pawn  it  for  bread.  The  Salem  manuscript 
was  no  scholar's  work.  No  monk  had  illuminated  its  pages  ; 
no  humanist  had  revised  its  text.  The  Salem  manuscript 
was  characterized  chiefly  by  bad  writing,  bad  spelling, 
and  by  its  general  resemblance  to  the  most  primitive  town 
records  in  New  England,  records  kept  oftentimes  upon  old 
account-books.  There  was  nothing  externally  attractive 
about  this  dingy  old  manuscript,  but  it  had  for  the  student 
of  New  England  local  history  more  interest  than  a  beautiful 
church  missal  or  a  classic  palimpsest  would  have  afforded, 
if  found  in  that  library  of  the  Essex  Institute.  For  this 
manuscript  was  the  original  record  of  the  Proprietary  of 


*Felt,  Annals  of  Salem,  i,  Ift^.  See  also  a  Salem  City  Document  (1875)  entitled 
*'  Memorial  Services  at  the  Centennial  Anniversary  of  Leslie's  Expedition  to  Salem, 
Sunday,  February  26, 1775."  See  also  "Leslie's  Retreat"  by  C.  M.  Endicott,  in  Pro- 
ceed. Essex  Inst.,  i,  89.    Also,  Essex  Inst.  Hist.  Coll.  Vol.  xvii,  p)>.  I'JO-M. 

No  special  mention  was  made  in  these  Memorial  Services  held  in  the  Nortli  Church, 
of  the  proprietors  of  North  Fields  and  of  their  Declaration  of  Independence ;  and 
yet  this  is  one  of  the  most  remarkable  assertions  of  tlie  local  spirit  which  kindled 
the  American  Revolution.  It  was  the  surviving  spirit  of  an  old  English  agrarian 
community,  an  institution  older  than  tlie  Crown  of  England,  asserting  its  sovereign, 
immemorial  right  to  its  own  property. 


246  COMMON   FIELDS   IN   SALEM. 

the  South  Fields  in  Salem,  an  old  agrarian  community, 
the  survival  of  an  institution  which  v^as  old  when  the 
Christian  Church  and  the  Roman  Empire  were  young. 
The  system  of  land  community  and  Common  Fields,  with 
small  individual  allotments  held  under  joint  control,  as 
instituted  at  Salem  and  Plymouth,  reminds  us  of  those  old 
Roman  days  described  by  Bradford,  the  historian  of  Ply- 
mouth Plantation,  in  the  words  of  Pliny  (lib.  18,  cap.  2)  : 
"How  every  man  contented  himselfe  with  2  acres  of  land, 
and  hud  no  more  assigned  them."  And  chap.  3.  "It  was 
thought  a  great  reward,  to  receive  at  ye  hands  of  ye  peo- 
ple of  Rome  a  pinte  of  corne.  And  long  after,  the  greatest 
presente  given  to  a  Captaine  y'  had  gotte  a  victory  over 
their  enemise,  was  as  much  ground  as  they  could  till  in 
one  day.  And  he  was  not  counted  a  good,  but  a  dangerous 
man,  that  would  not  contente  himselfe  with  7  Acres  of 
land.  As  also  how  they  did  pound  their  corne  in  morters, 
as  these  people  were  forcte  to  doe  many  years  before  they 
could  get  a  mille."^ 

The  records  of  the  South  Field  Proprietary  are  incom- 
plete. They  do  not  open  until  the  year  1680.  Originally 
they  covered  a  period  from  at  least  1672  to  1742.  But 
what  was  true  of  later  times  was  probably  also  true  of  the 
earlier.     There  is  but  little  change  in  agrarian  customs. 


6  Bradford,  History  of  Plymouth  Plantation,  Collections  of  the  Massachusetts 
Hist.  Soc,  4th  Series,  vol.  3,  168.  For  an  interesting  account  of  this  original  source 
of  New  England  history,  and  how  it  was  stolen  from  the  tower  of  the  old  South 
Church  in  Boston,  during  the  American  Revolution,  when  that  church  was  used  for 
a  riding  school  and  stable  by  British  soldiery,  see  the  Editorial  Preface  by  Mr. 
Charles  Deane;  see  also  an  interesting  paper  on  "  Governor  Bradford's  Manuscript 
I[istory  of  Plymouth  Plantation  and  its  Transmission  to  our  Times,"  by  Professor 
Justin  Winsor,  of  Harvard  College,  a  paper  read  before  tlie  Mass.  Historical  So- 
ciety, Nov.  10,  1881.  The  existence  of  this  priceless  manuscript  in  tlie  library  of 
tiie  Bishop  of  London,  at  Fulham  on  the  Thames,  was  accidentally  discovered 
years  ago  by  members  of  the  Massachusetts  Historical  Society,  which  had  a  copy 
made  from  the  original,  and  this  copy  was  published  by  the  Society  in  1856.  It  is 
one  of  the  surviving  shames  that  the  original  manuscript,  stolen  probably  by  some 
British  soldier,  has  never  yet  been  restored  by  England  to  New  England. 


COMMON   FIELDS   IN   SALEM.  247 

In  an  old  town  on  Cape  Cod  we  have  examined  a  continuons 
series  of  Commoners'  Records  from  the  latter  part  of  the 
seventeenth  century  down  to  1880,  and  have  found  scarcely 
any  change  in  the  character  of  votes  or  the  modes  of 
business  procedure.  In  order,  however,  that  there  may 
be  no  question  as  to  the  nature  of  these  old  Common  Fields 
at  the  time  when  there  were  ten  of  them  in  the  one  town 
of  Salem,  let  us  cite  a  few  extracts  from  the  Massachusetts 
Colony  Records,  which  supply  most  admirably  all  missing 
evidence  concerning  the  period  before  1680.  In  the  s|)ring 
of  1643,  the  year  the  Massachusetts  colony  was  divided 
into  four  shires,  with  Salem  heading  the  list  of  Essex 
towns,  it  was  ordered  by  the  General  Court,  "  For 
preventing  disorder  in  corne  feilds  w^^'  are  inclosed  in 
common,  ....  that  those  who  have  the  greater  quantity 
in  such  feilds  shall  have  power  to  order  the  whole, 
notwithstanding  any  former  order  to  the  contrary,  &  that 
every  one  who  hath  any  part  in  such  common  feild  shall 
make  and  maintaine  the  fences  according  to  their  several  1 
quantities."^ 

In  the  fall  of  the  same  year  was  passed  an  Act  which 
leaves  no  doubt  as  to  what  was  meant  by  the  ordering  of 
a  field.  "  Whereas  it  is  found  by  experience  that  there 
hath  bene  much  troubled  difference  in  several  1  townes  about 
the  manner  of  planting,  sowing,  &  feeding  of  common 
corne  feilds,  &  that  upon  serious  consideration  wee  tinde 
no  generall  order  can  provide  for  the  best  improvement  of 
every  such  common  ffeild,  by  reason  that  some  consists 
onehj  of  plowing  ground,  some  haveing  a  great  part  Jit 
onely  J  or  planting,  some  of  meadowe  and  feeding  ground; 
also,  so  that  such  an  order  as  may  be  very  wholesome  & 
good  forgone  feild  may  bee  exceeding  preiudiciall  & 
inconvenient  for  another, — it  is,  therefore  ordered,    that 

•  Mass.  Col.  Bee.  ii,  39, 195. 


248  COMMON  FIELDS  IN   SALEM. 

where  the  commoners  cannot  agree  about  the  manner  of 
improvement  of  their  feild,  either  concerning  the  kind  of 
graine  that  shalbee  sowen  or  set  therein,  or  concerning  the 
time  or  manner  of  feeding  the  herbage  thereof  that  then 
such  persons  in  the  severall  townes  that  are  deputed  to 
order  the  prudenciall  affaires  thereof,  shall  order  the  same, 
or  in  case  where  no  such  are,  then  the  maior  part  of  the 
freemen,  who  are  hereby  enioyned  w*^  what  convenient 
speed  they  may  to  determine  any  such  difference  as  may 
arise  upon  any  information  given  them  by  the  said  common- 
ers ;  &  so  much  of  any  former  order  as  concerns  the 
improvement  of  common  feilds,  &  that  is  hearby  provided 
for,  is  hearby  repealed."^  But  four  years  later,  the  Court 
went  back  to  the  old  system,  leaving  the  regulation  of 
Common  Fields  entirely  in  the  hands  of  the  majority  of 
interested  proprietors.  ®  The  above  order  is  significant 
of  the  actual  survival  in  New  England  of  old  English 
agrarian  customs. 

The  practice  of  allowing  the  selectmen,  in  so-called 
private  Town  Meeting,  to  regulate  the  management  of 
Common  Fields  seems,  from  the  town  records  of  Salem,  to 
have  been  already  in  vogue  in  this  place  before  the  passage 
of  the  above  Act,  at  least  as  regards  the  control  of  common 
fences  and  the  regulation  of  pasturage  upon  the  stubble 
lands.  In  the  spring  of  1638,  it  was  ordered  by  Mr. 
Endicott,  John  Woodbury,  and  the  rest  of  the  Town 
Fathers,  "fforasmuch  as  divers  of  our  towne  are  resolued 
to  sowe  English  graine  this  spring  .  .  .  that  all  common 
&  particular  home  ffences  about  the  towne  shall  be  suffi- 
cientlie  made  vp  before  the  twentieth  of  the  ffirst  moneth 
next  [April]  vppon  the  payne  or  penaltie  of  5  s.  euerie 
day  after  that  any  one  is  defectiue  therein."^ 

One  of  the  most   extraordinary  features   of  this   old 

">  Mass.  Col.  Rec,  ii  49.  «  Ibid,  195.  »Town  Records  of  Salem,  i,84. 


COMMON  FIELDS   IN   SALEM.  249 

system  of  common  husbandly,  as  practised  in  early 
Massachusetts,  was  the  impressment  of  artisans  by  the 
town  constable  to  aid  farmers  in  harvest  time.  This 
undoubted  power  of  the  community  over  the  time  and 
labor  of  its  individual  members,  a  power  seen  in  very 
recent  times  when  constables  impressed  labor  for  mending 
the  town  roads,  is  a  connecting  link  between  New  England 
towns  and  old  English  parishes.  The  following  is  the 
exact  text  of  a  colony  law  (lf)4G),  upon  this  matter  of 
impressing  labor  in  harvest  time  :  "  Because  y^  harvest  of 
hay,  corne,  flax,  &  hemp  comes  usually  so  neare  together  y' 
much  losse  can  hardly  be  avoyded,  it  is  ordered  &  decreed 
by  y*  Courte,  y*  y*^  cunstable  of  every  towne,  upon  request 
made  to  y"%  shall  require  artificers  or  handicrafts  men, 
meete  to  labour,  to  worke  by  y*^  day  for  their  neighbours 
needing  y"S  in  mowing,  reaping,  &  inning  thereof,  and  y' 
those  whom  they  help  shall  duely  pay  y"'  for  their  worke, 
&  if  any  person  so  required  shall  refuse,  or  y^  cunstable 
neglect  his  office  herein,  they  shall  each  of  y™  pay  to  y^ 
use  of  y®  pore  of  y^  towne  double  so  much  as  such  a 
dayes  worke  comes  unto  :  provided  no  artificer  &c,  shalbe 
compeled  to  worke  for  others  whiles  he  is  necessarily 
attending  on  like  busines  of  his  owne."^^  This  impress- 
ment of  laborers  for  harvest  was  only  the  revival  of  old 
English  parish  law,  ^^  and  is  precisely  the  same  in  principle 


"Mass.  Col.  Rec,  ii,  180-1. 

»Mn  Lanibaid'8  "Constable,  Borsholder,  and  Tythingman,"  a  curious  old  vol- 
nme,  published  in  the  year  1610,  we  find  the  following  law :  "In  the  time  of  Hay,  or 
Cornharvest,  the  Constable,  or  any  such  other  Officer,  vpon  request  made,  and  for 
avoiding  the  losse  of  any  corne,  gralne,  or  hay,  may  cause  all  sucii  Artiflcers  and 
persons  (as  may  be  meete  to  labour)  by  his  discretion  to  serve  by  the  day,  for  the 
mowing,  reaping,  shearing,  getting,  or  inning  of  corne,  graine,  or  hay,  according  to 
the  skill  and  qualitie  of  the  person ;  and  if  any  such  person  shall  reAise  so  to  doe, 
then  uught  such  Officer  (vnder  the  pain  of  fortie  shillings)  to  imprison  such  refuser 
in  the  Stockes,  by  the  space  of  two  dales  and  one  night."  See  also  5  Eliz.  cap.  4. 
This  law  appears  to  have  been  in  operation  in  England  down  to  very  recent  times, 
see  J.  W.  Willcock,  The  Office  of  Constable  (England,  1827;  Piiiladelphia,  1840, 
p.  38). 

HIST.   COLL.  XIX  16* 


250  COMMON  FIELDS   IN   SALEM. 

as  the  requirement  of  local  militia  by  the  Selectmen  to 
perform  escort  duty  in  the  transportation  of  grain  from 
the  frontier  towns  to  places  of  greater  security.  ^^  The 
case  of  Captain  Lathrop  of  Beverly,  and  his  company, 
"the  very  flower  of  the  county  of  Essex,"  as  Hubbard 
calls  them,  will  naturally  recur  to  the  Salem  mind.  These 
men  were  sent  as  a  guard  to  some  planters  who  were 
comins:  down  the  shore  of  the  Connecticut  river  from 
Deerfield  to  Hadley  with  wagon-loads  of  grain  and  house- 
hold goods.  In  crossing  Muddy  Brook,  now  called  Bloody 
Brook,  the  company  which  was  marching  carelessly  (some 
of  the  soldiers  having  put  their  guns  in  the  carts,  in  order 
to  be  free  to  gather  grapes)  were  suddenly  attacked  by 
Indians  from  the  adjoining  swamps,  and  nearly  the  whole 
band  of  soldiers  and  planters  were  cut  off.  ^^ 

Eeturning  now  to  the  old  records  of  the  South  Field 
Proprietary,  let  us  examine  a  few  illustrative  extracts, 
which,  to  the  outside  world,  will  doubtless  be  more 
interesting  in  their  original  form  than  they  would  in 
any  modern  paraphrase  :  "It  is  ordered  &  voated  by  the 
proprietors  of  the  Southfield  that  the  proprietors  shall 
meet  on  the  last  Tuesday  in  ffebruary,  every  year  for  the 
making  such  orders  as  may  be  needfuU  for  the  Good  of 
the  Southfield,  &  it  is  left  to  the  moderator  &  the  Clarke^* 
to  appoint  the  place  where  they  shall  meet  &  this  shall  be 
accounted  sufficient  warning  without  any  further  notice 
Given  of  the  tyme  when  to  meet,  &  it  is  farther  agreed 
that  such  as  doe  meet  shall  pay  Sixpence  each  person  to  be 
spent  at  the  house  where  they  meet  [at  a  tavern?]  and 
such  as  doe  not  meet  on  that  day  shall  pay  eighteen  pence 

"Mass.  Col.  Rec,  v,  66. 

"  Judd's  Histor}'  of  Hadley,  147-9.  Edward  Everett's  Oration  at  Bloody  Brook. 
Washington  Gladden,  From  the  Hub  to  the  Hudson.  Several  grandchildren  of 
the  old  planters  of  Salem  and  Beverly  perished  in  that  terrible  massacre  at  Bloody 
Brook,  Sept.  18,1675.    See  Essex  Inst.  Hist.  Collections,  Vol.  xix,  pp.  137-142. 

i*In  this  mode  of  spelling  "clerk,"  we  have  a  suggestion  of  its  original 
pronunciation.    Compare  also  the  family  name,  'Clark.' 


COMMON   FIELDS   IN    SALEM.  251 

Each  person  for  non  appearance  and  this  to  stand  as  a 
Constant  order  Continually,  the  tyme  of  the  day  is  to  be 
at  one  of  the  Clock."  The  proprietors  sometimes  met  at 
a  private  house,  and  perhaps  occasionally  in  the  open  fields. 
The  proceedings  at  a  proprietors'  meeting  were  always 
conducted  according  to  rules  of  parliamentary  procedure. 
A  New  England  man,  in  reading  the  old  Commoners' 
records  of  Salem,  would  be  chiefly  impressed  by  the  fact 
that  here  is  described  a  miniature  Town  Meeting.  A 
moderator  is  always  chosen  ;  a  clerk  records  the  proceed- 
ings;  surveyors  (not  of  highways)  but  of  fences  are 
appointed  ;  field  drivers  are  chosen ;  and  taxes  levied. 

Among  the  officers  chosen  at  a  Commoners'  meeting  was 
the  Hay  ward,  or,  as  he  is  sometimes  called  in  the  later 
town  records,  "the  watchman  upon  the  walls  of  the 
pasture."  Old  Homer's  ancient  men,  watching  from  the 
walls  of  Troy  the  conflict  of  human  cattle,  were  hardly 
more  ancient  than  this  time-honored  agrarian  office.  The 
swine-herd  of  Odysseus  was  a  near  kinsman  of  the  Saxon 
Hay  ward.  The  office  had  nothing  whatever  to  do  with 
haying,  or  with  grass-lots,  as  the  name  might  at  first  seem 
to  imply.  It  is  derived  from  the  Saxon  Ilege  (German 
Hag,  English  hedge)  and  means  the  warden  of  the  hedges 
or  fences.  Many  German  places  derive  their  names  from 
the  hedge  with  which  they  were  originally  surrounded  (e.  g, 
Wendhagen,  Grubenhagen,  the  Hague).  In  fact  the  word 
town  means  only  a  place  that  is  hedged  in,  from  the  old 
German  Zun  or  Tun,  modern  German  Zaun,  meaning  a 
hedge.  The  office  of  hay  ward  was  originally  constabulary 
in  character.  He  was  appointed  in  feudal  times  in  the 
Court  Leet  (German  Leute),  or  popular  court  of  the  Nor- 
man manor  and  English  parish,  thus  coming  down  into  the 
parish  life  of  New  England. 

Let  us  now  glance  at  the  duties  of  the  ancient  watchman 
of  the  old  South  Field.    "  Voted,  That  the  Gates  att  both 


252  COMMON   FIELDS   IN   SALEM. 

Ends  of  the  field  be  made  good  &  well  repaired.  And  that 
the  Little  Gates  Especially  be  Made  and  Hung  so  as  to  be 
easy  for  Travellers  to  pass  at  the  Charge  of  the  proprietary, 
and  that  the  Haywards  accordingly  are  Desired  &  Impow- 
ered  to  do  it  &  to  Render  an  Account  of  the  Charge 

the  next  proprietors  meeting" "Voated  that  the 

Haywards  .  .  or  any  of  the  proprietors  of  the  Southfield 
shall  have  power  to  take  up  &  Impound  any  horse  kind  or 
any  other  cattle  w*'''  shall  be  found  loose  upon  his  own 
ground  or  the  grounds  of  any  other  proprietor  of  the 
Southfield  feedings  unless  they  be  tyed  &  that  none  shall 
tether  in  the  night  time  vpon  the  penalty  of  what  the  law 
doth  determine  in  case  of  Damage  fleazant  [faisant] .  And 
this  to  be  from  the  tenth  of  April  [more  usually  25  of  March] 
to  the  14th  of  October  .  .  &  that  the  ffield  be  drove 
by  the  Hayward  the  10th  of  Aprill  &  not  to  be  broken 
open  till  14th  October  next."  ^^  This  custom  of  clearing 
the  Common  Field  of  all  creatures  in  the  spring  and  of 
breaking  down  the  barriers  again  in  the  fall,  so  that  the  cat- 
tle of  the  whole  village  may  pasture  upon  the  stubble  is  quite 
parallel  to  the  old  English  ^^  Lammas  lands,  which  belong 
to  individuals  but  are  subject  to  certain  rights  of  common- 
age. Lammas  day,  when  the  fences  of  the  Common  Fields 
were  thrown  down,  was  the  occasion  of  a  village  festival 
in  old  England. 

It  will  be  remembered  that  in  old  England  there  were 
two  sorts  of  pasturage  in  Common  Fields,  whence  crops 
had  been  gathered,  (1)  stinted,  (2)  unstinted.     The  latter 


"A  similar  order,  taken  from  the  latter  part  of  the  South  Field  Records  (1741)  is 
even  more  striking  than  the  above  which  bears  the  date  of  1695:  Voted,  That  no 
Person  shall  Teder  any  Horse  Kind  Cattle  &c  in  said  field,  in  the  Night  time.  Nor 
in  the  Day  time,  Neither  shall  any  Persons  Bait  their  Creatm^es  on  their  own  Land 
on  Penalty  of  forfeiting  their  Herbage,  save  only  while  they  are  at  work  there  .  .  . 
the  Haywards  to  Judge  of  the  Same  and  to  Debar  them  of  their  Herbage  in  the 
fall  according  to  their  Discretion  or  Have  Power  to  take  their  Creatures  from  their 
Tedei-ing  Ropes  &  Impound  them  which  they  shall  think  most  proper." 

"  Laveleye,  Primitive  Property,  114, 241. 


COMMON    FIELDS    IN    SALEM.  253 

must  have  been  customary  at  Salem  during  the  early  part 
of  the  seventeenth  century,  hut  at  the  time  the  records  of 
the  South  Field  begin,  1680,  stinted  pasturage  was  the 
rule.  In  that  year  it  was  voted  "  That  on  ye  14  of  October 
next  ye  Proprietors  have  Liberty  to  put  in  Catle  For 
Herbige  .  .  yMs  to  say  6  Cows  4  Oxen  3  Horses  or  12 
Yearlings  or  24  Calves  to  10  Acors  of  Land  and  so  in 
proportion  to  Greater  or  Lesser  Quantities  of  Land 
According  as  they  Have  &  no  person  shall  Cutt  or  Stripe 
their  Indian  Corne  Stalkes  after  they  have  gathered  their 
Corne  on  penalty  of  forfiting  Herbidge."  At  first  sight, 
such  a  law  might  seem  merely  the  resultant  of  local 
conditions,  and  of  the  somewhat  commonplace  discovery 
that  Indian  corn-stalks  were  good  for  foddering  cattle. 
But  there  were  similar  laws  in  the  agrarian  communities 
of  old  England  at  this  period.  Gleaners  had  definite 
rights,  and  it  was  required  that  grain-stalks  should  be  left 
at  a  certain  hei<j:ht  for  the  benefit  of  the  village  cattle. 
It  appears  from  the  South  Field  records  that  rights  to 
"  herbage"  could  be  leased  and  transferred  :  "  When  the 
proprietors  Shall  put  in  their  Creatures  for  Herbage  they 
Shall  Give  an  Account  to  the  Haywards  of  the  Number 
of  the  same  And  Whosoever  shall  Hire  Herbage  of  any 
person  Shall  bring  from  Under  the  Hand  of  the  Leasor 
for  so  much  as  he  Hires  to  the  Haywards  by  the  14  of 
October  Next."  Two  other  points  are  especially  worthy 
of  attention.  First,  many  of  the  lots  in  the  South  Field 
appear  to  have  been  very  small,  a  half  acre,  three  quarters 
of  an  acre,  an  acre,  and  so  on  in  such  small  proportions. 
Second,  bits  of  common  land  lying  in  the  great  field  were 
granted  out  by  the  Proprietary  to  individuals  for  a  term 
of  seven  years. 


THE  PERKINS  FAMILY. 

[Continued  from  page  225,  Nos.  7,  8  and  9,  Vol.  XIX.] 

We  find  upon  the  records  of  the  General  Court  the 
following : 

June  1,  1677.  "The  account  of  Quartermaster  Perkins 
being  exhibbited  to  y®  Gennerall  Court  by  Phillip  ffowler, 
being  pervsed,  the  Court  finds  many  articles  too  highly 
chardged,  and  doe  therefore  referr  the  consideration  there- 
of to  the  comittee  of  the  army  to  examine  and  passe  what 
they  find  just  and  meet  to  be  allowed." 

May  12,  1675.  "Quartermaster  John  Perkins,  sargent 
Belchar,  Henry  Bennett  with  several  others  petition  the 
Gen'  Court  for  liberty  to  lay  out  a  new  plantation,  which 
the  Court  allow,  provided  it  be  6  miles  square  and  not 
more  than  10  long,  etc.,  etc.,  etc." 

February  16,  1681-2.  "Quartermaster  John  Perkins 
was  one  of  the  first  signers  of  a  petition  to  the  King  to 
resist  the  claims  of  Robert  Mason  to  a  title  to  lands  about 
Gloucester,  Cape  Ann  and  places  adjacent." 

He  was  engaged  in  the  coast  fisheries,  and  used  a  part 

of  what  is  Little  Neck  for  curing  his  fish  as  early  as  1645. 

County  Records i  Vol.  VIII,  p.  61, 

His  autograph, 

/T[     ^    ^  f      here  given,  was 

y^^    cL^      (T>  ^^  land  given  to 

^•^  his  son  Nathaniel. 

He  acquired  a  large  landed  property,  as  numerous 
purchases  and  sales  of  real  estate  appear  upon  record. 
He  made  no  will  at  his  decease,  having  given  to  each  of 
his  sons  a  good  farm  or  houselot  "  in  some  part  of  my 
estates."  He  also  made  provision,  sometime  before  his 
death,  for  the  maintenance  and  clothing  of  his  wife,  if  she 
should  outlive  him,  and  also  of  his  youngest  son,  Thomas, 
who  seems  to  have  been  an  invalid  and  incapable  of  sup- 
porting himself,  thus  administering  upon  his  own  estate. 

(254) 


THE   PERKINS    F4MILY.  255 

The  record  of  his  death  and  that  of  his  aged  companion 
read  upon  tlie  Town  Records  thus : 

"Elizabeth,  wife  to  Quart.  John  Perkins  died  Sept.  27, 
1684." 

"Quart.  John  Perkins  died  Dec-"  the  14,  1080." 

His  family  was  quite  large,  consisting  of  eight  sons  and 
one  daughter,  and  perhaps  more. 

The  children  of  Quarf  John  Perkins  and  Elizal)etli, 
his  wife,  were  : 

8  John,  b.  163G;  m.  Lidia;  d.  1659. 

9  Abraham,  b.  1640;  m.  Hannah  Beamsley;  d.  27  Apr.,  1722. 

10  Jacob,  b.  1646;  in.  1st,  Sarah  Wainwright;  2d,  Sarah  Kins- 

man; d.  Nov.  26,  1719. 

11  Luke,  b.  1649;  m.  1st,  Eliz.  Jaques ;    2d,  Sarah ;  d.  after 

1694. 

12  Isaac,  b.  1650;  m.  Hannah  Knight;  d.  1726. 

13  Nathaniel,  b.  1652;  m.  Judith . 

14  Samuel,  b.  1655;  m.  Hannah  West;  d.  1700. 

15  Thomas. 

16  Sarah. 

3  Thomas  {John^)  was  horn  in  England  in  1616, 
came  to  Boston  with  his  father  and  others  of  the  fam- 
ily in  1631,  l)eing  at  that  time  a  lad  of  only  fifteen 
years.  He^  remained  there  with  the  family  until  1633, 
when  they  all  remov^ed  to  Ii)8wich.  Here  he  was  made 
freeman  (the  exact  date  of  which  is  not  recorded).  At 
Ipswich  he  owned  Sagamore  Hill,  a  tract  of  land  170  feet 
high,  surrounded  hy  salt  marsh,  and  having  Fox  Creek  on 
the  east.  This  hill  was  prohahly  granted  to  him  hy  the 
town.  He  exchanged  this  property  with  his  brother  John 
for  a  house  and  lot  in  town.  He  spent  but  a  few  years  in 
Ipswich,  removing  to  the  neighboring  town  of  Topsfield. 
He  maiTied  there,  about  1640,  Phebe  Gould  who  was  a 

»We  are  under  obligations  to  John  H.  Gould,  Esq.,  town  cleric  of  Topsfleld, 
for  much  interesting  matter  concerning  Deacon  Thomas  Perkins,  which  he  has 
kindly  collected  from  the  ancient  records  of  tiiat  town,  as  well  as  for  important 
information  in  connection  with  the  numerous  descendants  of  Deacon  Perkins, 
which  are  to  be  found  upon  the  town  and  church  record  books.  This  will  appear 
in  its  proper  place. 


256  THE  PERKINS  FAMILY. 

daughter  of  Zaccheus  Gould  of  Topsfield.  She  was  bom 
in  England  in  1620,  and  was  baptized  at  Hemel  Hemp- 
sted,  Sept.  20,  1620.  On  their  marriage,  her  father  gave 
them  150  acres  of  land. 

Thomas  Perkins  was  chosen  Deacon  of  the  Topsfield 
Church,  and  was  probably  the  first  to  fill  that  office.  No 
record  has  yet  been  found  of  this  choice  of  the  church. 
He  was  always  known  upon  the  records  as  "  Dea.  Thomas 
Perkins." 

He  was  chosen  as  one  of  the  Selectmen  of  Topsfield 
at  a  town  meeting  held  March  7,  1675-6.  Upon  the  books 
of  the  town  we  find  recorded  the  doings  of  the  Selectmen, 
which  we  give  as  showing  the  constant  supervision  the 
families  of  our  fathers  were  under. 

"At  a  meeting  of  the  Salactmen  the  18  of  September 
1677  in  Kelation  to  the  law  concorning  tithing  men :  we 
have  maed  choic  of  Mr  Willy  em  Perkins  sener  and  Daken 
Thomus  Perkins  and  Sargent  Edman  Town  and  Willy  en 
Niguells  as  tithing  men  for  Topsffeld  Daken  Perkins  is 
to  in  spact  thos  folowing  jffamelis  Sargt  John  Radington, 
John  Willd,  John  franch,  Samuel  Howlet,  Micall  Donell, 
John  Comins,  Willyem  Howlet,  Mr  John  Brodstret. — 
Town  Records.''^ 

"Decon  Perkins"  was  chosen  Selectman  at  the  March 
meetings  for  1656-57.  He  was  chosen  Tithingman  Sept* 
18,  1677,  and  again  in  November,  1678,  "to  inspect  ani 
person  ore  persons  that  shall  profane  the  sabath  and  to 
proseed  against  ani  that  shall  be  falte  as  the  law  directs." 

Sept.  17,  1680,  committee  of  Deacon  Thomas  Perkins 
and  others,  "these  forementioned  men  are  chosen  a  comiti 
in  the  behalfe  of  the  towne  to  a  gree  with  Mr  Danfarth 
for  his  continuing  here  with  us  at  Topsfeild  in  the  work 
of  the  ministri  and  we  do  farther  im  power  to  the  comiti 
to  chuse  som  a  mongest  themselves  or  ani  other  as  they 
shall  see  meet  to  goe  and  speak  with  the  Deputi  Govarnor 


THE  PERKINS  FAMILY.  257 

or  ani  others  that  may  be  found  a  bought  mister  Danforth 
settelment." 

"At  a  lawful  towne  meeting  the  22  March,  1680  or  81, 
the  towne  granted  liberti  to  the  villagers  (Boxford)  to 
bi  a  third  part  of  the  galeri  to  sit  in  so  that  to  pay  pro- 
porsonabel  to  the  ministri  as  judged  meet  by  Decon  Per- 
kins and  others." 

July  29,  1681.  "Deckon  Perkins  and  others  are  chosen 
a  comniitey  to  discorse  with  Mr  Capen  to  stay  and  preach 
here  with  us  at  Topsfield  with  us  a  w^hile." 

March  7,  1681-2.  "Deckon  Perkins"  chosen  a  Select- 
man. 

Voted,  Oct.  6,  1685.  "The  Towne  manifested  by  a 
voate  yt  they  will  chose  a  commitey  friendly  to  treat 
with  Rowley  Villagers  (Boxford)  to  see  what  they  will 
pay  towards  y^  maintnance  of  or  minister  by  y^  yeare." 

Voted,  "Deackon  Perkins  (&  others)  is  chosen  a  com- 
mitey to  treat  with  Rowley  villagers  to  see  what  they  will 
give  to  wards  y®  maintnance  of  or  minister  by  y®  yeare 
and  to  make  return  of  it  to  the  Towne.      To2vn  Records.''^ 

Deacon  Perkins  was  a  farmer  by  occupation.  We  find 
very  frequent  mention  of  his  name  in  the  purchase  and 
sale  of  land  in  Topsfield  and  the  neighboring  towns. 
His  farm  and  homestead  joined  that  of  his  brother-in-law, 
Redington,  not  far  from  the  Newbury  port  turnpike.  He 
left  at  his  decease  quite  a  large  estate  to  his  wife  and  sons. 
His  will  was  signed  Dec.  11,  1685,  and  was  proved  at 
Boston,  Sept.  10,  1686.  He  died  May  7,  1686.  His 
widow  outlived  him,  though  the  exact  date  of  her  death 
is   not   known.       The   fac-  ^— ^^ 

simile,  here  given,  was  taken  "^JfCcjyVtA^  uSh^m^ 
from  his  will. 

Children  of  Dea.  Thomas  Perkins  and  wife  Phebe  were  : 

17  John,  b.  1641;   m.  Deborah  Browning,  Nov.  28,  1666;    d. 
May  19,  1668. 

HIST.    COLL.  XIX  17 


258  THE   PERKINS   FAMILY. 

18  Phebe,  b.  ab't  1644;  m.  Joseph  Towne,  1665;  d.  after  1680. 

19  Zaccheus,  b.  ab't  1647;  m.  Rebecca . 

20  Martha,  b.  ab't  1649;    m.  John  Lamson,  Dec.  17,  1669;  d. 

after  1728. 

21  Mary,  b.  ab't  1651;  m.  Wm.  Hewlett,  Oct.  27,  1671;  d.  1728. 

22  Elisha,  b.  ab't  1654;  m.  Catherine  Towne,  Feb.  23,  1680;  d. 

after  1705. 

23  Judith,  b.  Jan.  28,  1658;  unmarried;  d.  before  1719. 

24  Thomas,  b.  ab't  1659;  m.  Sarah  Wallis,  June  6, 1683;  d.  1719. 

25  Timothy,  b.  June  6,  1661;  m.  1st,  Hannah ;  2d,  Abigail. 

4  Elizabeth  (John'^)  was  born  in  England  in  1618, 
and  came  to  New  England  in  the  ship  Lion  with  her  par- 
ents. In  1631,  she  lived  in  Ipswich,  and  probably  married 
her  husband,  William  Sargent,^  there.  The  date  of  her 
marriage  is  not  known.  He  was  born  in  England  in 
1602,  was  one  of  the  first  settlers  here,  and  went  from 
Ipswich  to  settle  in  Newbury.  He  was  also  among  the 
first  to  settle  in  Hampton ;  from  that  place  he  went  to 
Amesbury,  where  he  made  a  permanent  settlement,  and 
died  there  in  1677  in  the  seventy-fifth  year  of  his  age. 

The  time  of  the  death  of  his  wife,  Elizabeth,  was 
in  1700.  His  will  was  made  in  1671.  The  descendants 
of  William  and  Elizabeth  (Perkins)  Sargent  are  now  very 
numerous. 

Children  of  William  Sargent  and  wife  Elizabeth  were  : 

Thomas,  b,  June  11,  1643;  m.  Rachel  Barnes;  d.  1705-6. 
William,  b.  m.  Mary  Colby  ;  d. 

Mary,  b.  m.  Philip  Chalis ;  d. 

Elizabeth,  b.  m.  Samuel  Colby;  d. 

Sarah,  b. 


6  In  the  history  of  Amesbury  by  Joseph  Merrill,  it  is  stated  as  believed  that 
Wm.  Sargent  came  to  Virginia  in  1608;  that  while  there  he  married  Judith  Perkins, 
daughter  of  John,  who  died  before  1633,  leaving  liim  with  three  daughters.  With 
these  he  came  to  Ipswich,  Mass.,  and  afterward  removed  to  Amesbury,  on  its  first 
settlement,  and  died  there  in  1677.  This  could  hardly  have  been  so.  John  Perkins 
mentions  no  daughter  Judith  or  her  children  in  his  will,  but  does  mention  •'  Eliza- 
beth, the  wife  of  Wm.  Sargent,"  and  her  children.  This  marriage  Avith  Judith 
rests  on  tradition,  and  must  have  been  a  mistake,  though  Mr.  Mei-rill  believes  that 
Wm.  Sargent  married  two  sisters,  who  were  daughters  of  John  Perkins, 


THE  PERKINS  FAMILY.  259 

5  Mary  (John^)  was  bom  in  England  in  1620.  She 
came,  with  others  of  the  family,  to  America  in  1631, 
and  in  1637  she  was  married  at  Ipswich  to  Thomas 
Bradbury,  and  removed  with  him  to  Salisbury.  He  died 
at  Salisbury,  March  16,  1695.  Thomas  Bradbury  was 
a  representative  in  1651  and  after ;  he  was  recorder  of 
Norfolk  Co.  ;  town  clerk  of  Salisbury,  and  was  captain 
of  a  military  company.  Plis  varied  acquirements  caused 
him  to  be  elected  to  till  many  places  of  honor  and  trust. 
He  was  a  man  of  no  mean  talents  ;  some  of  the  records 
of  Salisbury  are  in  his  beautiful  hand-writing. 

Mary  (Perkins)  Bradbury  was  one  of  those  unfortunate 
people  who,  in  the  dark  days  of  witchcraft  delusion,  was 
among  the  accused.  She  was  also  convicted,  l)ut  by  the 
eflbiis  of  her  friends  her  execution  was  delayed,  the 
horrid  delusion  passed  away,  and  she  was  discharged. 
The  papers  connected  with  her  trial,  as  well  as  those  of 
the  others,  who  were,  some  of  them,  more  unfortunate, 
have  been  preserved ,  and  are  to  be  seen  on  the  tiles  in  the 
Clerk  of  Courts  Office  in  Salem,  Mass. 

Her  defence  in  answer  to  the  accusations  of  her  perse- 
cutors, the  testimony  of  her  husband  with  that  of  Kev. 
James  Allin  and  John  Pike,  her  ministers,  and  the  united 
testimonial  of  over  one  hundred  of  her  neighbors  and 
towns-people  were  all  of  no  avail.  These  papers  show 
her  to  have  been  a  most  estimable,  pious  and  good  woman, 
and  should  be  recorded  to  her  praise.  Vie  copy  them 
from  the  original : 

"The  answer  of  Mary  Bradbur}^  to  the  charge  of  witch- 
craft or  familiarity  with  the  Devil. — I  do  plead  not  guilty. 
—  I  am  wholly  innocent  of  such  wickedness  through  the 
goodness  of  God  that  hath  kept  me  hitherto.  I  am  the 
servant  of  Jesus  Christ  and  have  given  myself  up  to  him 


260  THE   PERKINS  FAMILY. 

as  my  only  Lord  and  Saviour,  and  to  the  diligent  attend- 
ance upon  him  in  all  holy  ordinances,  in  utter  contempt 
and  defiance  of  the  devil  &  all  his  works  as  horrid  and 
detestable  ;  and  have  endeavored  accordingly  to  frame  my 
life  &  conversation  according  to  the  rules  of  his  holy 
word,  and  in  that  faith  and  practice  resolve,  by  the  help 
and  assistance  of  God,  to  continue  to  my  life's  end.  For 
the  truth  of  what  I  say  as  to  matter  of  practice,  I  humbly 
refer  myself  to  my  brethren  and  neighbors  that  know  me, 
and  to  the  searcher  of  all  hearts  for  the  truth  &  upright- 
ness of  my  heart  therein,  human  frailties  &  unavoidable 
infirmities  excepted,  of  which  I  bitterly  complain  every 
day.  Mary  Bradbury." 

"July  28  :  1692. — Concerning  my  beloved  wife,  Mary 
Bradbury,  this  is  what  I  have  to  say :  We  have  been 
married  fifty-five  years,  and  she  hath  been  a  loving  and 
faithful  wife  to  me.  Unto  this  day  shee  hath  been  won- 
derfully laborious,  diligent  and  industrious,  in  her  place 
and  employment  about  the  bringing  up  of  our  family 
(which  hath  been  eleven  children  of  our  own  and  four 
grandchildren)  she  was  both  prudent  and  provident,  of 
a  cheerful  spirit,  liberal  and  charitable.  She  being  now 
very  aged  and  grieved  under  her  affliction,  may  not  be 
able  to  speak  much  for  herself,  not  being  so  free  of  speech 
as  some  others  may  be.  I  hope  her  life  and  conversation 
have  been  such  among  her  neighbours  as  gives  a  better 
and  more  real  testimony  of  her  than  can  be  expressed  by 
words.  Tho.  Bradbury." 

"  Being  desired  to  give  my  testimony  concerning  the  life 
and  conversation  of  Mrs.  Bradbury  of  Salisbury  among 
us  w°^  is  as  foUoweth,  viz :    I  have  lived  nine  years  at 


THE    PERKINS   FAMILY.  261 

Salisbury  in  the  work  of  the  ministry  and  now  four  years 
in  the  office  of  a  pastour ;  to  my  best  notice  and  obser- 
vation of  ^Irs.  Bradbury  she  hath  lived  according  to  the 
gospel  among  us,  was  a  constant  attendcr  upon  the  minis- 
try of  y®  word ;  and  all  the  ordinances  of  the.gospel,  full 
of  works  of  charity  and  mercy  to  the  sick  and  poor,  neither 
have  I  seen  or  heard  anything  of  her  unbecoming  the  pro- 
fession of  the  gospel.  James  Allin." 

"Having lived  many  years  in  Salisbury  and  been  much 
conversant  there,  according  to  my  best  observation  and 
notice  of  Mrs.  Bradbury  must  needs  affirme  to  what  is 
above  written,  and  give  my  oath  to  it  if  called  thereto. 

John  Pike." 

"July  22  :   1692. 

Concerning  ]M"  Bradburies  life  and  conversation,  AYe 
the  subscribers  do  testifie  that  it  was  such  as  l)ecomcth 
y®  gospel,  shee  was  a  louer  of  y®  ministry  in  all  appear- 
ance and  a  diligent  attender  upon  Gods  holy  ordinances 
being  of  a  curteous  and  peacable  disposition  and  carlag, 
neither  did  any  of  us  (some  of  whom  have  lived  in  y® 
town  with  her  fifty  yeare)  ever  heare  or  know  that  she 
ever  had  any  difference  or  falling  oute  w"'  any  of  her 
neighbors,  man,  woman  or  child — but  was  alwayes  readie 
and  willing  to  doe  for  them  w'  laye  in  her  i)ower  night 
and  day,  though  w"'  hazard  to  her  health  or  other  danger. 
— more  might  be  spoken  in  her  coiiiendation  but  this  for 
the  p'"sent." 

The  above  was  signed  by  117  men  and  women  of  Salis- 
bury. 

Mary  (Perkins)  Bradbury  died  in  Amesbury  in  1700, 
at  the  age  of  eighty  years. 


262  THE   PERKINS   FAMILY. 

Children  of  Thos.  and  Mary  (Perkins)  Bradbury  were  : 

Wymond,  b.  Apr.  1,  1637. 
Judith,  b.  Oct.  2,  1638. 
Thomas,  b.  Jan.  28,  1640. 
Mary,  b.  March  17,  1642. 
Jane,  b.  May  11,  1645. 
Jacob,  b.  June  17,  1647. 
William,  b.  Sept.  15,  1649. 
Elizabeth,  b.  Nov.  11,  1651. 
John,  b.  Apr.  20,  1654. 
Ann,  b.  Apr.  16,  1656. 
Jabez,  b.  June  27,  1658. 

6  Jacob  (John^)  was  born  in  England  in  1624.     He 

married  first  Elizabeth f  her  father's  name  is  not 

known.  The  time  of  their  marriage  was  probably  in 
1648;  she  died  Feb.  12,  1685,  her  age  being  fifty-six 
years.  He  afterwards  married  for  a  second  wife,  Damaris 
Robinson,  widow  of  Nathaniel  Robinson,  mariner,  of 
Boston.  She  removed  to  Boston  after  the  death  of  Jacob 
Perkins,  and  died  there,  leaving  property  by  will  to  sev- 
eral children  by  her  first  husband.  The  date  of  her  death 
was  in  1716,  and  her  age  at  that  time  was  eighty  years. 
At  the  time  of  his  marriage  with  the  widow  Robinson  he 
made  a  promise  to  support  her  during  her  life  ;  later  in  life 
he  gave  all  his  property  into  the  possession  of  his  two 
sons,  Jacob  and  Matthew,  on  condition  that  they  support 
both  himself  and  wife  during  their  natural  lives.  This  will 
appear  evident  from  the  following  extract  from  the  deed 
which  he  gave  his  sons  Matthew  and  Jacob. 

20  March,  1693. 
I,  Sargt.  Jacob  Perkins,  sen. 
"Having  grown  old  &  decrepid  and  not  able  to  man- 
age my  farm,  I  give  the  other  portions  of  my  land  to  my 

">  Possibly  the  daughter  of  Matthew  Whipple. 


THE   PERKINS   FAMILY.  263 

two  sons  Jacob  and  Mathew  provided  they  support  me 
&  my  now  wife,  with  whom  I  made  an  agreement  when 
we  were  married,"  etc.,  etc. 

He  mentions  in  his  will  the  portions  he  had  given  each 
of  his  sons  on  their  marriage. 

He  was  the  youngest  son,  and  by  his  father's  will  was 
to  come  into  possession  of  his  homestead^  and  lands  after 
his  mother's  death.  His  lands  lay  at  the  eastern  part  of 
the  town  near  the  river.  He  Avas  chosen  sergeant  of  the 
military  company  of  the  town  in  1664,  and  was  ever  after 
known  as  sergeant,  or  as  he  wrote  it  "Sargent  Jacol) 
Perkins,  se.,"  which  distinguishes  him  from  two  others  of 
the  same  name. 

He  was  a  farmer,  and  his  name  is  often  seen  upon  the 
records  in  the  purchase  and  sale  of  forming  lands.  He 
appears  also  to  have  taken  his  share  of  the  duties  of  a 

%.j  ^  citizen.    We 

^'2.y:j4^'o^^^6%^^^;-^o  ^r^    give   this    fac- 
^  simile    of    his 

autograph  as  it  is  found  as  foreman  of  a  jury  of  inquest, 
held  upon  the  body  of  a  girl  who  was  found  drowned. 

His  house  was  struck  by  lightning  on  a  Sunday  in  1671, 
"while  many  people  were  gathered  there  to  repeat  the 
sermon,  when  he  and  many  others  were  struck  down,  and 
had  his  waistcoat  pierced  with  many  small  holes,  like 
goose-shot,  and  was  beaten  down  as  if  he  had  been  dead 
for  the  present." 

Sergeant  Jacob  Perkins  died  in  Ipswich  Jan.  27,  1699- 
1700,  aged  seventy-six  years. 


•The  original  house,  built  by  the  elder  John,  was  destroyed  by  flre  in  August, 
1668,  through  the  carelessness  of  a  servant,  who  knocked  the  ashes  from  her  pipe 
upon  the  thatch  of  an  outbuilding.  Anotlier  house  was  erected  at  or  near  the 
same  spot  which  is  standing  at  this  ilay,  though  in  a  mi::<erabiy  decayed  condition. 
The  well  near  by  has  been  and  is  still  called  "  Jacob's  well." 


264  THE  PERKINS  FAMILY. 

The  names  and  ages  of  his  children,  the  death  of  his 
wife  Elizabeth,  and  of  himself,  are  taken  from  his  family 
bible,  now  in  the  possession  of  H.  N.  Perkins,  Esq.,  of 
Melrose. 

The  children  of  Sergeant  Jacob  Perkins,  sen.,  and  wife 
Elizabeth  were  : 

26  Elizabeth,  b.  Apr.  1,  1649;  m.  Thomas  Borman,  Jan.  1, 1667. 

27  John,  b.  July  3,  1652;  ra.  Mary  Fisk;  d.  in  1718,  aet.  67. 

28  Judith,  b.  July  11,  1655;  m.  Nath.  Browne,  Dec.  16,  1673. 

29  Mary,  b.  May  14,  1658 ;  m.  Thomas  Wells,  Jan.  10,  1669. 

30  Jacob,  b.  Aug.  3,  1662;  m.  1st,  Eliz.  Sparks,  Dec.  27,  1684; 

2d,  Sarah  Treadwell. 

31  Matthew,  b.  June  23,  1665;  m.  Esther  Burnam. 

32  Hannah,  b.  Oct.  11,  1670. 

33  Joseph,  b.  June  21,  1674;  m.  Martha  Morgan,  May  22,  1700. 

34  Jabez,  b.  May  15,  1677;  m.  1st,  Hannah  Lathrop,  June  30, 

1698 ;  2d,  Charity  Leonard,  in  1722. 

7  Lydia  (John'^)  was  born  in  Boston,  and  was  bap- 
tized June  3,  1632,  as  is  seen  upon  the  records  of  the 
First  Church  there.  She  married  Henry  Bennet,  a  farmer 
of  Ipswich,  at  what  date  is  not  known,  but  it  is  supposed 
in  1651.  She  is  mentioned  as  "Lydia  Bennet"  in  her 
father's  will.  Little  is  known  concerning  her  husband. 
His  name  is  sometimes  seen  in  connection  with  other 
members  of  the  family. 

"May  12,  1675.  John  Perkins,  Henry  Bennet  and 
others  have  power  to  act  in  matter  of  Jer.  Belcher  and 
others  of  Ipswich."  Bee,  Colony  of  Mass,  Bay,  Vol,  1, 
p,36. 

Henry  Bennet^  bought  a  farm  of  two  hundred  acres  in 
1654  of  Jonathan  Wade,  in  the  southeastern  part  of  Ips- 
wich, where  he  lived  forty  years  or  more.  This  removed 
the  family  to  a  considerable  distance  from  the  old  home- 


»  We  are  indebted  to  the  research  of  the  late  John  M.  Bradbury,  Esq.,  of  Ips- 
wich, for  about  all  that  is  now  known  concerning  Henry  Bennet. 


THE   PERKINS   FAMILY.  265 

stead,  and  may  account  for  the  infrequent  mention  of  the 
name  in  connection  with  the  affairs  of  the  family. 

Lydia  Bennet  is  supposed  to  have  died  about  1672,  as 
Henry  Bennet  married  a  second  wife  not  long  after  that 
time.  She  was  Mary  (Smith)  Burr,  widow  of  »Tohn  Burr, 
who  was  her  second  husband,  her  lirst  being  Philip  Call. 
She  was  the  daughter  of  Richard  Smith,  of  Shropham, 
Co.  Norfolk,  England.  She  died  Jan.  12,  1707-8.  He 
was  living  Oct.  3,  1707. 

The  names  of  five  of  his  children  are  known,  all  by 
his  first  wife,  Lydia.     They  were  : 

Jacob,  b.  1651;  m.  Sarah  ;  d.  March  5,  1685-6. 

John,  b.  iu  1655;  killed  at  Bloody  Brook,  Sept.  18,  1675. 
William,  b.  1657;  living  in  Ipswich  in  1685. 

Henry,  b.  in  1661;  m.   1st,  Frances  Burr;  2d,  Margaret . 

Thomas,  b.  ;  m.  Elizabeth  about  1692;  d.  in  1700. 


NOTE. 

The  foregoing  individuals  constitute  the  first  two  generations  ;  that 

is,  of  John  Perkins,  sen. ,  and  of  his  sons  and  daughters.    In  giving  the 

descendants  of  the  three  sons,  to  whom  only  the  name  attaches,  it  is 

proposed  to  take  them  in  order  of  their  ages. 

Part  I,  therefore,  will  be  devoted  to  the  descendants  of  Quarter- 

4  master  John  Perkins. 

Part  II,  to  those  of  Deacon  Thomas  Perkins. 
Part  III,  to  those  of  Sergeant  Jacob  Perkins. 


8  John    {John^  John^)  was  born  in  Ipswich  about 

1636.     He  married  Lydia about  1658,  and  died 

in  1659.  Very  little  is  known  concerning  him,  but  after 
his  death  his  widow  applied  for  administration  on  his  es- 
tate. The  Record  of  the  March  term  of  the  Court  for 
1659  gives  us  the  following : 

hist.   coll.  XIX  17* 


266  THE  PERKINS  FAMILY. 

"John  Perkins,  Jun',  dying  intestate,  this  Court  grants 
administration  to  Lidua  Perkins,  widow  of  her  late  hus- 
band, and  further,  there  being  an  inventory  amounting 
to  £73.  10.,  and  one  child  new  born,  the  Court  doth  fur- 
ther order  that  the  widow  shall,  for  the  education  and 
bringing  up  of  the  child,  have  the  full  profit  of  the  whole 
estate  until  the  child  atayne  to  the  age  of  eighteen  years : 
and  then  to  pay  unto  her  sayd  child  £14,  or  at  the  day 
of  her  marriage  with  her  mother's  consent,  which  comes 
firs."  We  do  not  learn  the  name  or  history  of  this 
daughter. 

An  Inventory,  on  file,  gives  a  list  of  farm  utensils  and 
household  goods  and  furniture,  one  musket  and  sword, 
etc.,  amounting  to  £103.  8.  3.  The  debts  of  the  de- 
ceased were  £29.  18.  02.,  leaving  the  net  sum  of  £73. 
10.  01.  for  the  widow. 

The  only  child  of  John  Perkins,  jr. ,  and  wife  Lidua  was  : 
35  A  daughter,  b.  in  1659. 

9  Abraham  (John^^  John^)  was  born  in  Ipswich  in 
1640.  He  married  Oct.  16,  1661,  Hannah,  daughter  of 
William  and  Hannah  Beamsley,  of  Boston.  She  was 
born  in  December,  1643. 

Abraham  Perkins  was  a  man  of  very  considerable  en- 
ergy and  enterprise,  and  had  the  full  confidence  of  his 
father.  He  was  the  oldest  son,  after  the  death  of  his 
brother  John,  and  acted  as  his  father's  attorney  in  his  old 


It  is  very  probable  that  his  father  died  at  his  house, 
as  he  had  made  his  home  there  after  the  death  of  his 
wife.  He  is  said  to  have  built  the  Ipswich  meeting-house, 
which  Hammat  says  he  contracted  to  do  "to  the  turning 
of  the  key."  He  was  at  one  time  an  innholder,  as  ap- 
pears from  his  licenses  and  from  two  deeds  of  land  he 


THE  PERKINS  FAMILY.  267 

had  sold,  in  which  he  calls  himself  an  "Innholder."  Jan.  2, 
1698,  "I,  Abraham  Perkins,  Innholder,  and  Hannah  my 
wife,"  sell  to  Captain  Daniel  Ringe  of  Ipswich,  cai-penter, 
2}  acres  of  marsh  at  Plum  Island;  March  28,  1700-1, 
"I,  Abraham  Perkins,  Innholder,  and  Hannah  my  wife," 
sell  to  Col.  John  Wainwright,  2 J  acres  of  upland  and 
meadow. 

He  was  a  representative  to  the  General  Court  in  1710. 
He  owned  and  cultivated  "  Perkins  Island,"  formerly 
granted  to  his  grandfather,  John,  sen.,  and  employed  his 
brother  Luke  to  "tend  cattle,"  etc.,  there,  as  Luke  testi- 
fies in  a  suit  between  Thomas  Borman  and  Abraham  Per- 
kins, that  he  had  lived  upon  the  Island  for  several  years. 

The  death  of  Abraham  Perkins  was  very  sudden,  and 
took  place  on  the  27th  April,  1722,  and  was  the  result 
of  an  accident,  "he  being  run  over  hy  a  tumbril  which 
broke  many  bones  across  his  ]>reast."  At  that  time  he 
was  eighty-two  years  old. 

Abraham  Perkins  gave  all  his  property,  real  and  per- 
sonal, to  his  wife,  l)y  his  last  will,  to  be  disposed  of  hy 
her  to  their  children  at  her  death. 

His  widow,  who  died  Oct.  16,  1732,  at  the  age  of  ninety- 
one  years,  makes  the  following  bequests  in  her  last  will, 
as  follows :  she  gives  the  homestead  of  her  late  husband 
to  the  three  children  of  her  son  Abraham  ;  namely,  to 
Joseph,  Nathaniel  and  Abraham  ;  Abraham  to  have  a 
double  share,  that  is  one-half  of  the  house.  These  three 
grandsons  were  then  under  age.  She  mentions  her  son 
Stephen,  but  speaks  of  her  son  Abraham  as  deceased ; 
she  speaks  also  of  her  loving  and  dutiful  son,  Doct.  John 
Perkins,  as  having  had  his  share  already.  She  gives  to 
Sarah,  Hannah  and  Martha,  daughters  of  my  son  Beams- 
ley,  and  to  Abraham   and   Sarah,    children  of  my  son 


268  THE  PEEKINS  FAMILY. 

Nathaniel ;  to  Hannah  Stanford,  daughter  of  my  daughter 
Hannah,  the  late  wife  of  Daniel  Ringe  of  Ipswich ;  to 
John  and  Mary,  children  of  my  daughter  Martha  Brewer, 
late  deceased ;  to  Joseph  and  Elizabeth  children  of  my 
daughter  Elizabeth  Eveleth,  deceased ;  to  my  grandson 
Samuel  Ingalls,  son  of  Martha,  my  said  daughter.  Her 
son  Stephen  she  appoints  to  be  the  executor  of  her  will, 
which  was  signed  February  1,  1722-3,  and  proved  in 
Court,  October  23,  1732. 

The  sudden  death  of  her  husband,  it  may  be  supposed, 
prevented  him  from  making  ^uch  a  will  as  he  desired. 
His  will  was  made  the  day  before  he  died. 

//-N         Q  r\  His    signature,     as     here 

X  ^  made  Nov.  20,  1684. 

The  children  of  Abraham  Perkins  and  Hannah,  his 
wife,  were ; 

36  Hannah,  b.  March  7,  1662. 

37  Abraham,  b.  Aug.  15,  1665. 

38  John,  b.  Feb.  25,  1667. 

39  Bearasley,  b.  Apr.  7,  1673.  ^ 

40  John,  b.  Aug.  28,  1676. 

41  Stephen,  b.  June,  1683. 

42  Abraham,  b.  Dec.  22,  1685. 

43  Nathaniel,  ^ 

44  Martha,     >  the  dates  of  their  births  are  not  known. 
46  Elizabeth, ) 


{To  be  continued,) 


THE  FAMILY  OF  WILLIAM  TOWNSEND, 
OF  BOSTON. 


COMPILED  BY  HENRY  F.  WATERS. 


William  Townsend,  who  is  styled  Baker,  Husband- 
man and  Planter,  was  admitted  into  the  first  church  of 
Boston,  3  Aug.,  1634,  being  then  called  servant  to  Nich- 
olas Willys.  His  wife,  Hannah  Penn,  sister  of  Mr.  James 
Penn,  marshal  general  of  the  Colony  of  Mass.  Bay,  and 
Ruling  Elder  of  the  church  in  Boston,  Avas  called  James 
Everill's  maid  servant  when  admitted  to  the  church  in  1635. 

In  a  deposition  made  by  Mr.  Townsend,  17-7-1668, 
he  called  himself  about  sixty-seven  years  of  age,  making 
the  date  of  his  birth  about  1601.  The  exact  date  of  his 
death  has  not  been  learned,  but  the  inventory  of  his  estate 
was  taken  27-7"^°-1669,  and  administration  was  granted 
to  his  widow  Hannah  Townsend  29  Oct.,  1669.  She  dy- 
ing before  completing  her  trust,  administration  de  bonis  non 
was  granted,  6  Feb.,  1699,  to  his  son  Col.  Penn  Towns- 
end,  Esq. 

From  the  recently  published  Diary  of  Judge  Samuel 
Sewall  we  learn  that  the  widow  Townsend  kept  a  school 
after  her  husband's  death.  "April  27,  1691.  This  after- 
noon had  Joseph  to  School  to  Capt.  Townsend's  mother's, 
his  cousin  Jane  accompanying  him  carried  his  Horn-book." 
From  the  same  Journal  we  get  the  following  entry.  "Jan. 
17,  1699-1700,  about  5  P.  M.  Dame  Hanah  Townsend 
dies  in  the  93^  year  of  her  Age.  Cook,  Hutchinson, 
Sewall,  Addington,  Chiever,  Mary  on  paier  Bearers  Jan. 
19,  1699-1700." 

(26») 


270  FAMILY   OF   WILLIAM   TOWNSEND  ; 

William  Townsend's  "possession  within  the  limits  of 
Boston"  consisted  of  "one  house  and  garden  bounded  with 
Edmund  Jacklin  North,  Jane  Parker^  South,  the  Street 
East  and  Daniell  Maud  West."  (Book  of  Possessions,  p. 
79.)  This  was  evidently  the  second  lot  on  the  left  side 
of  Washington  street  as  you  go  from  Blott's  lane  (Winter 
street)  towards  School  street. 

According  to  the  oath  of  Elder  James  Penn  before  the 
County  Court  29  Oct.,  1669,  the  real  estate  was  to  be 
enjoyed  by  the  widow  during  her  lifetime  and  then  to  be 
divided  equally  among  the  children.  They  settled  its  dis- 
tribution among  themselves  during  their  mother's  lifetime, 
viz.,  20  Oct.,  1684.  Nath^  Thayer,  in  right  of  his  wife 
Deborah,  was  to  have  the  lower  part  of  the  orchard  abut- 
ting upon  land  he  bought  of  Samuel  Pierce  (who  seems 
to  have  become  possessed  of  part  of  the  widow  Parker's 
real  estate)  and  the  rest  was  to  be  divided  between  James 
and  Peter  Townsend,  James  taking  the  northerly  part  and 
Peter  the  southerly  part ;  the  other  parties  to  the  agree- 
ment being  Penn  Townsend  and  Hannah  Knight  (two  of 
whose  children  had  been  educated  by  the  widow  Towns- 


i"Jane  Parker  her  possession  within  the  limits  of  Boston. —  1,  One  house  & 
garden  bounded  with  the  street  east  &  south :  William  Townsend  north :  &  Richard 
Sherman  west,"  etc.  (Book  of  Possessions,  p.  80.)  Further  on  we  read  that  "Jane 
Parker,  the  widow  of  Richard  Parker,  intending  to  marie,  did  by  deed  of  gift  thus 
dispose  of  her  land.  Unto  Margaret  her  daughter  &  her  heires  she  did  give  out 
of  her  house  lott  twenty  one  foote  square  in  the  Angle  at  the  meeting  of  the  streets. 
Then  all  her  house  &  lott,  also  the  halfe  Acre  in  the  new  field,  &  fourty  Acres  at 
Muddy  river,  she  doth  give  to  her  sonns,  vizt.,  halfe  to  John  Parker  her  oldest  & 
his  heires  &the  other  halfe  equally  to  be  divided  betwixt  Thomas;  Noah  &  their 
heires,  &  if  the  one  dye  then  to  descend  to  the  survivor:  if  both  dye  then  to  the 
eldest  &  this  was  by  a  deed  dated  In  (5)  1646,  &  the  same  day  acknowledged  before 
the  Governor."  In  Book  2,  L.  303,  of  Suffolk  Deeds,  we  find  record  of  conveyance  ol 
Jane  widow  of  John  Parker,  who  had  married  Richard  Tare  and  had  sons  Thomas 
and  Noah  (1656).  Compare  Savage,  and  we  must  conclude  that  a  mistake  was  made 
in  the  Book  of  Possessions  of  Richard  for  John  Parker.  Richard  Tare  was  prob- 
ably Richard  Thayer,  father  of  Nathaniel,  who  mai-ried  Deborah  Townsend,  and 
grandfather  of  the  Rev.  Ebenezer,  who  married  Sarah  Townsend.  Mrs.  Parker 
also  had  daughters  Alice  and  Sarah. 


1    WILLIAM.  271 

end).  In  October,  1700,  the  widow  Hannah  Way,  the 
widow  Deborah  Thayer,  Peter  Townsend,  son  of  Peter 
Townseud  deceased,  and  James  Townsend,  son  of  James 
Townsend  deceased,  "being  fonr  of  the  immediate  child- 
ren and  right  heirs  of  William  Townsend  late  of  Boston, 
Planter,  deceased,"  gave  to  Penn  Townsend,  Esq.,  another 
of  the  heirs,  a  quitclaim  of  the  real  estate,  which  was  then 
described  as  "bounded  Easterly  by  the  street  or  highway 
leading  towards  the  Neck,  Southerly  by  the  house  &  land 
of  Samuel  Pierce,  Thomas  Banister,  Edmund  Ranger  and 
Deborah  Thayer,  Northerly  by  the  house  &  land  of  Abra- 
ham Busbey's^  heirs  and  Westerly  by  (land  of)  William 
Fisher,"  measuring  in  front  67  feet,  in  rear  65  feet,  and  in 
length  from  front  to  rear  212  feet  more  or  less.  This  was 
declared  to  be  in  compensation  for  supporting  and  burying 
Hannah  the  widow  of  the  said  William  Townsend  and  pay- 
ins:  out  to  the  children  of  the  said  Peter  and  eJames  Towns- 
end  deceased  etc.  In  1710  Zechariah,  Cornelius  and 
Deborah  Thayer,  the  children  of  Deborah  and  of  Nath^ 
Thayer  deceased,  acknowledged  the  receij)!  from  their 
uncle  Penn  of  their  shares  in  the  estate  of  their  mother 
and  of  their  brother  Nathaniel  Thayer  also  deceased. 

The  will  of  Elder  James  Peiui  (1671)  mentions  kins- 
men James  Allen  and  Penn  Townsend,  sister  Hannah 
Townsend  and  her  sons  Peter  and  James  and  her  daughter 
Deborah  and  the  children  of  Hannah  Hull,  viz.,  Thomas, 
Mary  and  Hannah.  Elder  Penn  owned,  as  shown  in 
"Gleaner"  Articles,  p.  71,  the  corner  lot  measuring  70  feet 
on  Tremont  street  and  bounded  south  on  Beacon  street. 
Mr.  Allen  must  have  acquired  a  portion  of  this  and  by  the 
above  will  he  received  "an  enlargement  of  his  ground  to 


s  Edmund  Jacklin's  land  had  been  sold  to  lilcholaB  Busbey  who  left  it  by  will  to 
bis  son  Abraham. 


k 


272  FAMILY   OF  WILLIAM  TOWNSEND  ; 

the  pear  tree."  Col.  Townsend  received  Elder  Penn's 
dwelling-house  and  land  extending  from  Tremont  street 
150  feet  on  Beacon  street  to  Allen's  land.  This  is  where 
the  Albion  now  stands.  He  also  received  the  farm  at 
Pulling  Point  near  Mr.  Winthrop's. 

William  and   Hannah  (Penn)  Townsend  had  born  to 
them  the  following  children  : 

2.  Eliezar,  bapt.  3-5™o_i636;  d.  young. 

3.  Patience,  bapt.  28  May,  1637;  d.  young. 

4.  Hannah,  b.  4-2'n«-1641 ;  m.  1st  Thomas  Hull,  (3  April,  1657);  2nd 

Hope  Allen ;  3rd  Richard  Knight ;  4lh  Lieut.  Richard  Way. 

5.  Peter,  b.  26-8-1642;  m.  1st  Lydia;  2nd  Margaret;  3rd  Ann. 

6.  Mary,  b.  24  Nov.,  1644;  d.  29  Nov.,  1658. 

7.  James,  b.  15-11-1646;  m.  1st  Elizabeth  Livermo re;  2nd  Elizabeth 

Price. 

8.  Josiah,  bapt.  1648;  d.  young. 

9.  Deborah,  bapt.  25-6-1650;  m.  Nathaniel  Thayer. 

10.  Penn,  b.  20  Dec,  1651;  m.  1st  Sarah  Addington;  2nd  Mary  Dud- 

ley ;  3rd  Hannah  Jaffrey. 

11.  John,  b.  3  Sept.,  1653;  d.  17-6-1654. 


5  Peter  (  William^),  h.  26-8-1642,  was  a  housewright 
and  lived  probably,  for  a  part  of  his  life,  near  his  paternal 
homestead,  in  Blott's  lane  (Winter  street)  on  a  lot  of  land 
which  he  bought,  31  Dec,  1672,  of  Samuel  Pierce  of 
Boston,  it  being  evidently  a  portion  of  the  widow  Parker's 
land.  He  added  to  this  the  next  year  (21  March,  1673) 
by  the  purchase  of  another  lot  of  Samuel  and  Mary  Pierce. 
A  portion  of  this  estate,  on  the  easterly  (or  southeasterly) 
side  he  sold  in  1674  to  William  Fisher,  shipwright.  He 
finally  sold  his  whole  homestead  to  John  Frost,  21  Jan., 
1680,  his  wife  Anna  joining  in  the  sale.  It  was  this  wife 
probably,  who  was  admitted  to  the  first  church  in  Boston, 
18  Sept.,  1687.     He  died  14  May,  1696  [Savage]. 

Administration  on  the  estate  of  Peter  Townsend,  sen., 
was  granted  8  July,  1696,  to  his  widow  Ann,  who  repre- 
sented the  estate  to  be  insolvent.  She  was  married  to 
Abraham  Cole,  30  Sept.,  1697,  and  brought  in  an   ac- 


7  JAMES.  273 

count  of  administration  on  her  former  husband's  estate  14 
July,  1698,  showing  a  balance  of  £22-2s-8d. 

The  children  of  Peter  Townsend,  as  ascertained  from 
the  records  were,  by  first  wife  Lydia : 

12.  William,  b.  13  (or  30)  Sept.,  1666. 

18.  Susanna,  b.  22  Feb.,  1667-8. 

14.  Susanna,  b.  20  Feb.,  16G9-70. 

16.  Peter,  b.  9  Oct.,  1671 ;  m.  Mary  Welcome,  15  Nov.,  1694. 

16.  Lydia,  b.  5  Aug.,  (Oct.?)  1673. 

By  second  wife  Margaret : 

17.  Margaret,  b.  13  June,  1677. 

And  by  third  wife  Ann  (who  was  his  wife  as  early  as 
1680,  as  shown  above)  : 

18.  Thomas,  (?)  who  m.  Sarah  Brown,  17  March,  1702. 

19.  Hannah,  b.  27  Oct.,  1687. 

20.  Susanna,  >u,„_-i.  to  ArM«ii  iroi    S 

21.  Lydia,       5  ^^P^'  ^^  ^P"''^^^^  5  {  na.  William  Murray,  of  Salem,  21 

June,  1716. 

7  James  (William^),  b.  15-11-1646,  was  a  house- 
wright,  like  his  elder  brother.  In  1672  he  bought  of 
Robert  Truelove  of  Braintree,  "seventy  five  foot  of  land 
one  the  front  lying  &  being  in  Boston  being  part  of  the 
orchard  of  William  Leatherland  where  he  now  dwelleth 
Beginning  at  a  tall  Cedar  post  &  soe  to  run  with  a  square 
line  seventy  five  foote  to  ye  end  of  the  fence  towards  the 
windmill  &  also  from  the  said  cedar  post  with  a  square 
line  to  the  water  side  by  a  saw  pitt  to  low-water  marke  by 
the  sea  easterly  &  from  corner  of  the  fence  by  the  wind- 
mill up  to  Abell  Porter's  Barne"  etc.,  etc. 

James  Townsend,  carpenter,  guardian  to  three  of  the 
children  of  Thomas  Hull,  late  of  Boston,  deceased,  viz., 
Thomas,  Mary  and  Hannah,  acknowledged  receipt  of  their 
legacies  from  the  estate  of  Mr.  James  Penn,  in  1683. 
The  same  year  he  sold  to  William  Fisher  a  part  of  his 
father's  orchard.     In  1688  he  mortgaged  to  John  Benja- 

HIST.   COLL.  XIX  18 


274  FAMILY    OF  WILLIAM  TOWNSEND  ; 

min  of  Watertown  his  land  at  the  South  End  near  the 
windmill,  and  after  his  decease  the  grantee  took  possession 
of  it,  14  Sept.,  1692. 

He  had  two  wives,  both  named  Elizabeth.  The  first 
was  a  daughter  of  John  and  Grace  Livermore  of  Water- 
town.  John  Livermore,  in  his  will  of  10  Jan.,  1682-3j 
proved  16  June,  1684,  mentions  son-in-law  James  Towns- 
end  and  his  son  James.  The  widow  Grace  Livermore, 
by  her  will  of  19  Dec,  1690,  proved  16  June,  1691,  be- 
queathed a  legacy  to  her  grandson  James  Townsend.  Mr. 
Townsend's  second  wife  was  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Mr. 
Richard  and  Elizabeth  Price  and  granddaughter  of  Thomas 
and  Ann  Cromwell,  and  was  born  in  Boston,  10  Feb., 
1664. 

She  refused  administration  on  her  husband's  estate,  and 
his  brothers-in-law  Richard  Way  and  Nathaniel  Thayer 
were  appointed  administrators  in  behalf  of  the  creditors, 
17  Dec,  1689.  The  inventory  shows  him  to  have  been 
possessed  of  the  house  where  he  died,  and  one-third  of 
the  windmill,  a  house  standing  upon  the  ground  y*  was 
formerly  his  father  Townsend's,  "three  eighths  of  a  bridg- 
enteen  gon  to  sea,"  one-fifth  part  of  the  land  that  William 
Townsend  dyed  possessed  of  after  the  decease  of  Hannah, 
widow  and  Relict  of  the  aforesaid  William  Townsend, 
belonging  to  the  estate  of  James  Townsend,  dec'd,  in 
revertion,  abating  out  of  said  James  Townsend's  Pro- 
portion what  land  the  said  James  Townsend  sold  in  his 
lifetime.  The  administrators  became  involved  in  a  con- 
test with  the  widow,  as  appears  by  the  papers  to  be 
found  at  the  State  House  (B.  19,  No.  645  and  B.  36,  Nos. 
248-252),  by  which  we  learn  that  there  were  three  small 
children,  that  there  were  "funeral  charges  of  3  children," 
that  the  widow  Elizabeth  Townsend  speaks  of  her  "grand- 
mother Jollyfie"  (the  widow  Cromwell  had  been  married 


7  JAMES.  275 

secondly  to  Robert  Knight,  and  thirdly  to  Mr.  John  Joy- 
liffe)  and  that  she  had  a  mother  and  brother  living.  Eliza- 
beth Vickre  sends  a  communication  speaking  of  her  "dafter 
Townsend"  and  a  claim  is  made  for  some  candlesticks 
and  a  dozen  napkins  marked  ^^g  All  this  shows  pretty 
conclusively  who  this  second  wife  was.  Her  mother, 
Elizabeth  Price,  had  become  the  wife  of  Isaac  Vickars  of 
Hull,  who  entered  into  an  agreement  with  Mr.  John  Joy- 
liffe,  merchant,  and  wife  Anna,  20  Sept.,  1679,  providing 
for  the  children  he  might  have  by  his  wife  Elizabeth  and 
also  for  the  children  of  Richard  Price  late  of  Boston, 
merchant.  The  widow,  Elizabeth  Townsend,  was  married 
1  Dec,  1692,  to  Mr.  Joseph  Lobdell,  of  Boston,  mariner, 
who,  wnth  his  wife,  Elizabeth,  and  Samuel  Binney  and 
Benjamin  Loring,  both  of  Hull,  husbandmen,  and  their 
respective  wives,  Rebecca  and  Anna,  the  said  Elizabeth, 
Rebecca  and  Anna  being  daughters  of  Elizabeth  Vickre, 
sometime  Elizabeth  Price,  daughter  and  heir  of  Capt. 
Thomas  Cromwell,  formerly  of  Boston,  mariner,  dec'd, 
gave,  7  Feb.,  1702,  to  Martha  Ballard,  widow,  quit- 
claim of  a  messuage  on  the  West  side  of  Joyliffe's  Lane 
and  boundino:  on  a  lane  thjit  leads  from  the  South  Meeting 
House  towards  the  Cove  or  Harbor  South,  it  being  the 
messuage  which  was  devised  to  the  said  Martha  Bidlard 
by  the  last  will  of  John  Joyliffe,  Esq.,  who  intermarried 
WMth  Anne  the  Relict  widow  of  Robert  Knight,  merchant, 
sometime  wife  of  the  said  Capt.  Thomas  Cromwell.  The 
will  of  John  Joyliffe  of  Boston,  merchant,  made  7  Feb., 
1699-1700,  and  proved  27  Dec,  1701,  devises  his  mansion 
house  to  Martha,  daughter  of  his  late  wife  and  wife  of 
Jarvis  Ballard,  allowing  the  heirs  of  Richard  Price  power 
of  redemption.  He  also  makes  bequests  to  numerous 
relatives  in  England,  viz.  : — Katherine  Bowles,  daughter 
of  his  brother  Dr.  George  Joyliffe,  Katherine  Coope  and 


276  FAMILY   OF  WILLIAM  TOWNSEND  ; 

Alice  Morly,  daughters  of  his  sister  Dorothy  Cane,  John 
Cooke  of  London,  merchant,  son  of  his  sister  Martha 
Cooke,  Rebecca  Spicer,  daughter  of  his  sister  Rebecca 
Woolcot,  John  Drake,  son  of  his  sister  Margaret  Drake 
and  Margaret  and  Katherine  Drake,  daughters  of  his  sis- 
ter Margaret,  and  Esther,  daughter  of  his  sister  Mary 
Biss,  sometime  wife  of  James  Biss  of  Shepton  Mallett, 
county  Somerset. 

Of  James  Townsend's  children  nothing  but  the  dates  of 
birth  has  been  learned,  except  of  the  eldest  son  James. 
We  may  guess  that  the  second  wife  was  mother  of  the  last 
three,  Elizabeth,  Mary  and  Anna,  and  that  all  his  children 
by  his  first  wife,  except  James,  died  young. 

The  names  of  these  children  were  : 

22.  James,  bapt.  2-6-1671;  m.  Rebecca  Mosely,  22  Jan.,  1694. 

23.  John,  b.  14  Dec,  1672;  probably  died  young. 

24.  Mary,  b.  10  Jan.,  1674-5;  probably  died  young. 

25.  Joseph,  b.  24  Jan.,  1677;  probably  died  young. 

26.  Elizabeth,  b.  18  July,  1684. 

27.  Mary,  b.  27  Oct.,  1687. 

28.  Anna,  b.  26  Feb.,  1689. 

10  Penn  (  William})  b.  20  Dec,  1651 ;  d.  21  August, 
1727,  having  filled  to  acceptance  nearly  every  position  in 
which  it  was  in  the  power  of  his  fellow-citizens  to  place 
him.  Ensign  in  May,  1675,  lieutenant  in  October,  1676, 
captain  in  October,  1680,  major  in  March,  1689-90,  when 
he  was  appointed  commander-in-chief  of  the  proposed 
expedition  against  the  French  (which  however  he  de- 
clined), he  soon  attained  to  the  military  rank  of  colonel. 
July  3,  1707,  Col.  John  Leverett,  Col.  Elisha  Hutchinson 
and  Col.  Penn  Townsend  received  instructions  from  Gov- 
ernor Dudley  as  "joint  commissioners  for  the  superior 
command,  conduct,  rule  and  government  of  her  majesty's 
forces  on  the  expedition  to  Nova  Scotia  and  L'Accadie." 
In  town,  colonial  and   provincial  afikirs,  he  was  almost 


10  PENN.  277 

constantly  in  the  public  service  as  selectman,  moderator 
of  town  meetings,  deputy  for  many  successive  years  to 
the  General  Court,  Speaker  of  the  House  1696  and  1697, 
Councillor  from  1698  until  his  death,  with  the  exception 
of  two  years,  commissioner  on  the  part  of  the  colony  to 
treat  with  the  Dutch  and  make  peace  with  the  Indians ; 
commissioner  of  import  and  excise  in  1699,  one  of  the 
judges  of  the  Inferior  Court  of  Common  Pleas  from  14 
Aug.,  1702  to  9  Dec,  1715,  recalled  to  the  bench  16 
April,  1718,  as  Chief  Justice,  which  office  he  tilled  all 
the  rest  of  his  life,  and  appointed  Special  Justice  of  the 
Superior  Court  24  Oct.,  1712,  in  a  certain  cause.  He 
was  a  member  of  the  Ancient  and  Honorable  Artillery 
Company  nearly  fifty  years,  and  one  of  its  commanders. 
He  lies  buried  in  the  Granary  Burial  Ground,  in  tomb 
N°.  30,  close  to  the  sidewalk,  and  near  Park  Street 
meeting  house.  From  the  diary  of  Jeremiah  Bunistead 
we  learn  that  he  was  buried  on  the  24''*  of  August,  1727, 
without  soldiers.  A  funeral  sermon  preached  by  the 
Rev*^  Thomas  Foxcroft,  M.  A.,  pastor  of  the  old  church 
in  Boston  (12  mo,  pp.  42)  is  entitled  "A  brief  display  of 
Mordecai's  excellent  character  in  a  Sermon  i)reached  on 
the  Lord's  Day  after  the  funeral  of  the  Honorable  Penn 
Townsend  Esq.  one  of  his  Majesty's  Council  for  the 
Province  of  Massachusetts  Bay  <&;c.,  who  departed  this 
life  Aug.  21"  1727,  in  the  76^'>  year  of  his  age."  The 
Boston  News  Letter,  of  Aug.  25,  1727,  says:  "On 
Monday  the  21"  instant,  about  6  o'clock  in  the  morning, 
died  at  his  House  here,  after  a  short  Illness  in  the  76''* 
Year  of  his  Age,  &  yesterday  was  decently  Inter'd,  the 
Honorable  Penn  Townsend,  Esq. —  A  truly  memorable 
Gentleman,  whose  Death  is  a  general  Loss  to  the  Prov- 
ince, the  Court,  &  to  the  Church  of  God,  as  well  as  to 
his  worthy  Family,  &  near  Vicinity.     He  was  the  sou  of 


278  FAMILY  OF   WILLIAM  TOWNSEND  ; 

worthy  religious  Parents  ;  born  in  Boston,  Dec.  20*^  1651. 
He  first  marry 'd  Mrs.  Sarah  Addington,  sister  of  the  late 
Secretary  Addington,  after  whose  death  he  marry'd  Mrs. 
Mary  Dudley  Daughter  of  Governor  Leverett,  &  Kelict 
of  M""  Dudley,  the  late  Governor  Dudley's  Brother.  Last 
of  all  he  marry'd  Mrs  Hannah  Jaffrey,  Relict  of  George 
JafFrey  Esq.,  late  one  of  his  Majesty's  Council  for  the 
Province  of  New  Hampshire ;  who  now  survives,  a  deso- 
late widow,  but  trusting  in  God  her  Maker,  as  her  hus- 
band. Col.  Townsend  has  left  two  Daughters  only,  & 
them  by  his  first  wife.  The  Elder  of  whom  is  marry'd 
to  a  very  valuable  Minister  in  the  Neighborhood,  the  Rev. 
Mr.  Ebenezer  Thayer.  He  was  early  admitted  a  member 
of  the  old  Church  in  Boston,  in  the  Communion  whereof 
he  has  continued  to  the  end,  a  Pillar  &  an  Ornament. 
He  was  an  Encourager  of  Learning,  having  not  only  be- 
stowed a  liberal  Education  on  a  son  of  his  own  (deceased) 
but  bountifully  assisted  in  educating  the  sons  of  others ; 
besides  a  chearful  compliance  with  the  last  Will  &  Tes- 
tament of  the  memorable  Elder  Penn,  his  worthy  Uncle 
(whose  Name  &  Estate  descended  to  him)  in  an  annual 
Exhibition  of  Ten  Pounds  for  the  use  of  some  poor  scholar 
or  scholars  at  Harvard  College." 

According  to  the  Boston  Gazette  he  was  "  Chief  Judge 
of  the  Superior  Court  for  Sufiblk"  and  his  widow  died  in 
the  end  of  October  and  was  buried  Nov.  1,  1736. 

Col.  Townsend's  will,  of  10  Aug.,  1721,  witnessed  by 
Jeremiah,  Mary  and  James  Allen,  was  proved  26  Aug., 
1727.  His  wife  Hannah  was  to  have  the  use  of  the  house 
where  they  resided.  His  children,  Sarah,  wife  of  M"^ 
Ebenezer  Thayer,  and  Ann,  wife  of  M"*  John  Sale,  and 
their  husbands  were  to  be  the  executors,  and  to  enjoy  the 
residue  during  life.  After  death  of  them  and  their  hus- 
bands the  estate  was  to  go  to  their  children,  his  grand- 


10  PENN.  279 

children.  Failing  these  it  was  to  go  to  his  next  lawful 
heirs,  "  esteeming  sisters'  as  well  as  brothers'  children  to 
be  such."  He  mentions  grandchildren  Sarah  Sale*^  (under 
18)  then  living  with  him,  and  Penn  Townsend  Sale  who 
was  to  have  a  double  portion.  His  sister  Hannah  Way  is 
mentioned.  His  daughters  and  their  husbands  were  to 
ask  counsel  of  "their  kinsman  Addington  Davenport 
Esq."  (if  then  living)  in  case  it  should  be  found  necessary 
to  sell  any  of  the  real  estate  to  pay  debts  and  legacies. 
Other  legatees  were  the  Rev**  Mr.  Benj.  Wads  worth,  the 
Rev**  M""  Thomas  Foxcroft,  the  widow  of  the  late  Rev** 
Thomas  Bridge,  the  poor  of  the  church,  etc.  His  estate 
was  found  to  amount  to  £6768-18-6.  Col.  Townsend's 
first  wife  was  Sarah,  daughter  of  Isaac  and  Anne  (Lev- 
erett)  Addington,  and  born  11  Feb.  1652.  She  was 
sister  of  the  well  known  Hon.  Isaac  Addington,  Speaker 
of  the  House  of  Representatives,  Assistant,  Secretary  of 
the  Province,  Judge  of  the  Court  of  Common  Pleas, 
Chief  Justice  of  the  Superior  Court,  etc.  Her  mother 
was  a  sister  of  Governor  Leverett.  Her  sister  Anne  was 
wife  of  Capt.  Samuel  Maudsley  or  Moseley,  and  mother 
of  Rebecca,  wife  of  Col.  Townsend's  nephew,  James 
Townsend.  She  died  about  2  o'clock  in  the  morning  of 
March  1V'\  1691-2.  "March  14">  1691-2  Mrs  Sarah 
Townsend  buried  between  5  &  6.  Bearers  Sewall,  Dum- 
mer,  Bromfield,  Hill,  Winthrop,  Eyre.  Went  to  Mr 
Davies  gate  and  then  turn'd  about,  and  so  went  into  the 
old  burying  place  out  of  the  School  house  lane.  Was 
about  39  years  old.  Set  in  a  Brick'd  grave."  [Judge 
Sewall's  Diary].     Her  two  children,  M"  Sarah  Thayer 

»  This  grandchild,  Sarah  Sale,  became  the  wife  of  William  Hickling,  Esq.,  to 
whom  she  bore  a  daughter,  Catherine  Hickling,  who  was  married  to  the  Hon.  Wil- 
liam Prescott,  LL.  D.,  son  of  Colonel  William  Prescott,  of  Bunker  Hill  renown. 
The  Hon.  William  and  Catherine  (Hickling)  Prescott  were  the  parents  of  William 
Hickling  Prescott  the  historian. 


280  FAMILY   OF   WILLIAM   TOWNSEND  ; 

and  M"*^  Ann  Sale,  received  ten  pounds  each,  by  will, 
from  their  uncle.  Judge  Addington. 

The  second  wife  of  Col.  Townsend,  Mary,  was  daugh- 
ter of  Governor  Leverett  by  his  second  wife,  Sarah 
Sedge  wick,  and  born  12  Feb.  1655-6.  Her  former  hus- 
band, Paul  Dudley,  Esq.,  youngest  son  of  Governor 
Thomas  Dudley,  died  1  Dec,  1681.  From  Judge  Sew- 
alPs  diary  we  learn  that  M"  Mary  Townsend  was  buried  5 
July,  1699,  aged  44  years. 

The  maiden  name  of  his  third  wife,  Hannah,  widow  of 
George  Jaffrey,  Esq.,  whom  he  married  in  1709,  has  not 
yet  been  ascertained.  Her  will  made  6  April,  1736, 
proved  23  Nov.,  1736,  mentions  kinswomen  Elizabeth 
and  Lydia  Watts,  the  latter  of  whom  had  lived  with  her 
many  years  and  was  then  with  her.  Her  friend,  Mr. 
James  Pemberton,  merchant,  was  appointed  executor. 

Col.  Townsend  received  by  will  from  his  uncle.  Elder 
Penn,  as  we  have  seen,  the  latter's  homestead,  at  corner 
of  Beacon  and  Tremont  streets,  and  made  it  his  own  resi- 
dence.    His  heirs  sold  it  in  1750  to  Samuel  Sturofis. 

His  children,  all  by  his  first  wife,  were : 


O' 


29.  Penn,''  b.31  July,  1674  (Harv.  Coll.  1693);  m.  Sarah ,  andd. 

2  May,  1706.  •  They  had  an  adopted  daughter   Sarah,  bapt.  in 
3d  Church  30  Aug.,  1702. 

30.  Sarah,  b.  3  April,  1677;  d.  young. 

31.  Sarah,  b.  14  Sept.,  1680;  m.  Rev^  Ebenezer  Thayer  2  July,  1713. 

32.  Rebecca,  b.   15  Aug.,  1685;  m.  William  Whetcomb^  4  July,  1706. 

33.  Isaac,  b.  14  Aug.,  1687;  d.  26  Nov.,  1762. 

34.  Anna,  b.  10  Nov.,  1690;  m.  John  Sale  5  June,  1712. 

(Besides  the  above  we  learn  from  Sewall  that  he  had  a 
daughter  still-born  and  buried  7  Feb.,  1693-4). 


*  "  May  2, 1706,  M'  Penn  Townsend  jun'r  dies  about  10  m.   May  3  is  buried ;  Bear- 
ers M'  Nathan"  Williams,  Major  Adam  Winthrop,  Capt.  Oliver  Noyes,  Capt.  Jn" 
Ballentine,  jun'r,  M'  Habijah  Savage,  M"-  Elisha  Cooke;  all  scholars."     [Sewall]. 

6  '«3_7it>r_i708.    I  went  to  the  Funeral  of  Mrs.  Whetcombes  Granddaughter  who 
is  also  Granddaughter  to  Col.  Townsend."    [Sewall] . 


15   PETER.  281 

15  Peter  {Peter'  William^),  born  in  Boston,  9  Oct., 
1671  ;  m.,  15  Nov.,  1694,  Mary  Welcome,  born  in  Salem, 
12-6'"«-1670,  daughter  of  Peter  and  Mehitable  (Hodsden) 
Welcome,  who  were  married  in  Salem,  3-9-1665.  In 
1721  (24  July),  as  appears  by  deeds  of  York  County 
(Maine),  Peter  Townsend  and  Mary  his  wife  of  Boston, 
grandchildren  of  M'"  Nicholas  Hodsden  of  Kittery,  Lucy 
Vickers  of  Hull,  Suffolk  Co.,  daughter,  and  Nathaniel 
Hodsden,  cordwainer  of  Boston,  grandson  of  the  aforesaid 
Mr.  Nicholas  Hodsden,  all  of  them  in  consideration  of  the 
love  they  bore  to  Mr.  John  Hodsden  of  Kittery ,  shipwright, 
son  of  the  late  Mr.  Nicholas  Hodsden  aforesaid,  gave  to 
their  kinsman  a  quitclaim  of  land  granted  to  the  said  Nich- 
olas by  the  town  of  Kittery,  24  June,  1673.  With  this 
exception  hardly  anything  has  been  learned  about  him. 
In  1700,  as  we  found,  he  joined  as  eldest  son  and  heir  of 
his  father,  deceased,  in  conveying  to  his  uncle  Penn  a 
quitclaim  to  the  real  estate  of  his  grandfather  William 
Townsend.  He  was  put  in  prison  25  Oct.,  1704,  for  debt 
at  suit  of  his  old  neighbor  Edmund  Ranger,  and  was  re- 
leased in  February,  1704-5,  on  taking  the  poor  debtor's 
oath.  He  made  a  deposition  5  June,  1707,  showing  that 
he  had  belonged  to  the  ship  John  and  Thomas  (Capt. 
Thomas  Carter)  on  the  expedition  to  Canada.  His  estate 
does  not  appear  in  Probate,  probably  because  he  had  none, 
and  no  record  of  his  death  has  been  found.  From  his 
connection,  by  mtirriage,  with  Salem,  I  have  been  led  to 
infer  that  he  was  the  father  of  Penn  Townsend,  the  an- 
cestor of  the  family  in  Salem,  and  that  it  was  his  sister 
Lydia  whose  intention  of  marriage  with  William  Murray 
was  published  in  Boston,  10  May,  1716  (married  29 
June,  1716,  by  the  Hon.  Penn  Townsend).  I  have  no 
doubt  that  this  William  Murray  was  the  only  child  of  Wil- 
liam and  Mary  Murray  of  Salem,  born  1691-2,  and  by 

UI8T.   COLL.  XIX  18* 


282  FAMILY    OF   WILLIAM   TOWNSEND  ; 

this  marriage  had  sons  Peter,  James  and  other  children. 
His  father  Murray  (who  came  from  Scothind  and  was  of  the 
church  in  Salem,  1696)  bought  land  of  Edward  Woolland 
of  Salem,  and  built  thereon  the  house  a  portion  of  which  is 
now  standing  at  corner  of  Essex  and  Turner  streets  and 
right  over  against  and  only  a  few  feet  from  the  house  owned 
and  occupied  by  John  Masters  of  Salem,  whose  daughter 
Hannah  became  the  wife  of  young  Penn  Townsend  in 
1731.  Lydia,  the  wife  of  William  Murray,  was  dismissed 
from  the  old  First  church  to  the  East  church,  2  eTune, 
1728  ;  and  the  very  same  day  Hannah  Masters,  daughter 
of  the  widow  Masters,  was  dismissed  to  the  same  church. 
The  children  of  Peter  and  Mary  (Welcome)  Townsend 
were  : 

35.  Mary,  b.  25  Jan.,  1696;  perhaps  m.  Beiij.  Salter,^  23  Aug.,  1717. 

36.  Peter,    b.  26  Aug.,  1698;    probably  m.  Mary  Gilbert,  12  March, 

1718-9,  and  had  a  dau<j:liter  Mary,  b.  26  Jan.,  1719-20. 

37.  William,  b.  21  July,  1700;  perhaps  m.  Hannah  Golden,  30  Nov., 

1724. 

38.  Mehitable,  b.  12  Feb.,  1702;  perhaps  published  to  Benj.  Salter,  28 

Dec,  1723. 

39.  Sarah,  bapt.  18  March,  1704. 

40.  Penn  (?)  in.  Hannah  Masters  of  Salem. 

41.  Moses  (  ?)  whose  name  appears  on  muster-roll  of  L*  Ed- 

ward Southward,  June  28  to  Dec.  10,  1725. 

18  Thomas  {Peter'  William})  m.  Sarah  Brown  17 
March,  1702.  He  has  been  assumed  to  be  a  son  of  Petei*^, 
who  doubtless  must  have  had  other  children  by  his  third 
wife,  whom  he  married  as  early  as  1680,  or  earlier,  and  to 
whom  the  town  records  give  only  Hannah,  born  1687. 
This  Thomas  seems  to  have  had  three  children  (all  bapt. 
in  Second  church)  and  nothing  else  has  been  learned  of  him 


« I  have  little  doubt  that  Benj.  Salter  married  into  this  family  of  Townsends. 
Peter  Welcome's  third  wife,  and  mother  of  some  of  his  children,  was  a  daughter 
of  William  Salter;  and  some  of  the  Salter  family  were  living  in  Winter  street,  near 
Peter  Townsend.  There  are  evidences  of  a  connection  between  the  Sailers  and 
the  Parkers  who  had  owned  the  corner  estate. 


22  JAMES.  283 

or  his  children.     His  wife  died  1  Dec,  1750,  aged  86 
years. 

42.  Thomas,  h.  9  Jan.,  1708. 

43.  William,  b.  20  Dec,  1705;  perhaps  m.  Mary  Ford,  7  April,  1730, 

and  had  William  h.  28  Sept.,  1734,  and  Marv  b.  8  Sept.,  1736. 

44.  Lydia,  b.  31  Jan.,  1708. 

22  James  (James^  WiUia7n^),hi\\)t.mihe¥irstc]iuvch. 
Boston,  2-5'"°-1671  (Harvard  College,  1692),  was  a 
trader  or  merchant  in  Boston,  and  married,  22  Jan.,  1694, 
Rebecca,  daughter  of  Samuel  ^Nlosely.  Her  mother  was  Ann 
Addington,  sister  of  Sarah,  the  first  wife  of  Penn  Town- 
send,  and  daughter  of  Isaac  Addington.  In  1()84  (18 
Sept.)  being  about  to  be  married  to  Nehemiah  Pierce  of 
Boston,  set  work  cooper,  Mrs.  Mosely  made  her  brothers 
Isaac  Addington  and  Capt.  Penn  Townsend  trustees  to 
hold  some  property  for  her  only  children  Pebecca  and  Mary 
Mosely  until  they  should  come  of  age  or  be  married. 

Like  his  cousin  Peter,  James  Townsend  was  apparently 
the  eldest  male  heir  of  his  father  in  1700,  when  he  united 
with  the  other  heirs  of  Wm.  Townsend  in  conveying  the 
old  homestead  to  Penn  Townsend,  after  the  death  of  the 
widow  Hannah.  He  died  in  1705,  and  administration  on 
his  estate  was  granted  IG  Feb.,  1705,  to  Penn  Townsend 
and  Simeon  Stoddard,  esquires,  principal  creditors.  In 
their  account  they  make  charges  for  letters  from  Cohansy 
and  for  the  children's  passage  from  Cohansy,  &c.  The 
widow  Rebecca  Townsend  w^as  married,  secondly,  24 
June,  1708,  to  Deacon  Jonathan  Williams,  wine  cooper, 
who,  in  his  will,  of  23  Aug.,  1736,  proved  9  April,  1737, 
names  his  grand-daughter  Mary  Townsend,  daughter 
Rebecca  Williams,  son  Jonathan  Williams,  son  Seudall 
Williams  and  daughter  Mary  Shedd,  dec'd  (who  had  left 
children).  He  refers  to  a  deed  of  gift  to  the  heirs  of  his 
wife,  viz.,  sou-in-law  James  Towusend  and  daughter  Re- 


k 


284  FAMILY   OF   WILLIAM   TOWNSEND  ; 

becca  Williams.     In  a  nuncupative  will  or  codicil,  made 

26  March,  1737,  he  names  his  daughter  Eebecca  Mason. 

The  children  of  James  and  Rebecca  Townsend  were : 

45.  Samuel,  bapt.  12  Apr.,  1696;  m.  Mary . 

46.  Mosely,  b.  2  Dec,  1696;  d.  7  Nov.,  1702. 

47.  James,  b.  21  Oct.,  1699;  m.  Elizabeth  Phillips  3  May,  1722. 

48.  Elizabeth,  b.  25  Jan.,  1702. 

49.  Rebecca,  bapt.  1-2-1705. 


40  Penn  {Peter^^  Peiei^  William})  was  a  cooper.  I 
have  assumed  that  his  parentage  was  as  indicated  for  the 
reason  that  his  name  suggests  the  family  to  which  he  be- 
longed (viz.  William  and  Hannah  (Penn)  Townsend)  ; 
Col.  Penn  Townsend's  only  son  that  arrived  to  manhood 
was  Penn  Townsend,  jr.,  who  died  in  1706  without  male 
issue  ;  the  male  descendants  of  James  Townsend  can  all  be 
accounted  for ;  and  Peter  Welcome,  whose  daughter  Mary 
was  married  to  Peter  Townsend  and  has  been  assumed  as 
the  mother  of  this  Penn,  was  married  to  his  first  wife  in 
Salem,  lived  there  a  number  of  years,  until  after  the 
birth  of  this  very  Mary,  and  his  residence  was  in  the 
same  parish  and  his  connections  must  have  been  among 
the  same  (seafaring)  people  in  which  and  among  whom  the 
lot  of  this  Penn  Townsend  was  afterwards  cast.  Then  too, 
if,  as  seems  altogether  probable,  Lydia  Townsend  (who  is 
likewise  unaccounted  for  unless  she  belong  to  the  family  of 
Peter  Townsend)  became  the  wife  of  William  Murray, 
whose  place  of  abode  was  within  twenty  feet  of  the  home 
of  Hannah  Masters  (Penn  Townsend's  future  wife)  the 
probabilities  seem  altogether  in  favor  of  this  theory. 

The  first  appearance  of  the  name  of  this  individual, 
thus  far  found,  is  as  a  witness  to  a  deed  of  conveyance  of 
a  portion  of  Capt.  Simon  Willard's  house  and  land  (now 
owned  and  occupied  by  Mrs.  Narbonne)  to  Mr.  Richard 
Willard,  made  in  1729,  by  his  brother  Josiah  Willard. 


40  PENN.  285 

The  latter  owned  and  occupied  the  Crown  Tavern  (still 
standing)  at  corner  of  Hardy  and  Essex  streets  and 
at  that  time  the  very  next  house  to  William  Murray's 
homestead,  being  within  fifty  feet  of  it.  This  seems  to 
add  strength  to  the  theory  of  the  relationship  between 
Penn  Townsend  and  Lydia  Murray.  Moreover,  soon  after 
this  appearance  of  the  name  of  Penn  Townsend  on  the 
Salem  Records  we  find  the  name  of  Stephen  Welcome, 
whose  family  became  closely  allied  with  the  Townsends 
by  intermarriage  with  the  Lamberts. 

The  date  of  marriage  of  Penn  Townsend  and  Hannah 
Masters  has  not  been  found,  but  their  intention  of  maniafre 
was  published  in  Salem  7  Aug.,  1731.  She  was  bapt.  27 
Feb.,  1703-4.  Her  father,  John  Masters,  probably  the 
son  of  Francis  Masters,  a  Frenchman,  married  in  Marble- 
head,  18  Oct.,  1683,  Deborah,  daughter  of  Matthew  Dove 
by  wife  Hannah,  daughter  of  Samuel  Archard  (or  Archer) 
who  was  marshal  of  the  court  in  Essex  county.  Mr.  Mas- 
ters bought,  12  April,  1690,  Edward  Woolland's  house  at 
the  lower  corner  of  Essex  and  Turner  streets  and  at  his 
death  in  1721  left  it  to  his  wife  Deborah.  After  the  hitter's 
death  her  surviving  children,  Mrs.  Elizabeth,  widow  of 
Malachi  Foot,  and  Mrs.  Hannah  Townsend,  then  also  a 
widow,  divided  this  estate  between  them.  7  Sept.,  1759, 
Mrs.  Foot  sold  her  part  to  her  son  John  Foot,  from  whom 
it  passed,  24  May,  1762,  to  his  cousin  Penn  Townsend, 
who  sold  the  whole  estate,  15  June,  1771,  to  Ebenezer 
Pierce,  having  bought,  21  May,  1771,  of  his  mother,  the 
widow  Townsend,  then  a  resident  of  Boston,  her  portion, 
which  included  the  house.  Mr.  Pierce  lived  there  and 
built  the  house  now  standing  on  that  corner,  which  was 
completed  in  time  to  have  the  "house  warming"  on  the 
famous  "dark  day." 

The  Tax  Books  of  Salem  show' that  Penn  Townsend  was 


286  FAMILY   OF   WILLIAM   TOWNSEND  ; 

living  in  the  East  Parish  from  1731  to  1737  inclusive. 
The  name  then  disappears  until  1748  when  widow  Town- 
send  was  taxed.  He  must  have  died  then  between  the 
years  1737  and  1748,  and  his  children  were  probably  all 
born  in  Salem  and  in  their  grandmother  Masters'  house. 
Owing  to  the  defective  condition  of  the  town  records  and 
the  unfortunate  loss  of  the  early  baptismal  record  of  the 
East  Church  it  has  been  impossible  to  learn  the  exact  dates 
of  birth  of  the  children  of  Penn  and  Hannah  (Masters) 
Townsend.  We  only  know,  surely,  that  they  had  sons 
Penn,  Moses,  and  perhaps  a  daughter  Hannah,  who,  as 
Hannah  Townsend,  jr.,  was  married  to  Stephen  Masury. 

50.  Hannah,  b.  m.  Stephen  Masury,  22  Nov.,  1752. 

51.  Penn,  b.  1732 ;  m.  1st  Anne  White,  4  Dec,  1765,  2d  Martha 

Renough,  31  Dec,  1786. 

52.  Moses,  b.  1735;  m.  1st  Hannah  Lambert,  27  April,  1758, 

2d  Martha . 

45  Samuel  {James^  James'  William})  bapt.  in  the 
First  Church,  Boston,  12  April,  1696,  was  a  housewright, 

and  married  Mary ,  whose  surname  has  not  been 

ascertained.  Administration  on  his  estate  was  granted 
to  his  step-father  Jonathan  Williams  2  July,  1722.  His 
daughter  Mary  chose  her  uncle  James  Townsend,  wine- 
cooper,  as  her  guardian  12  May,  1737. 

53.  Mary,  b.  25  Feb.,  1718. 

47  James  {James^  James^  William})  born  in  Boston, 
21  Oct.,  1699,  was  a  wine-cooper.  He  married  Elizabeth, 
daughter  of  John  Phillips,  3  May,  1722.  James  Townsend, 
of  Boston,  wine-cooper,  and  wife  Elizabeth,  Jonathan 
Clark,  mariner,  and  wife  Mary,  Abigail  Phillij>s,  spinster, 
and  John  Phillips,  mariner,  children  of  John  Phillips 
of  Boston,  mariner,  dec'd,  quitclaimed,  5  April,  1725,  to 
Hannah  Phillips,  widow,  and  Gillam  Phillips,  Esq.,  both  of 


47  JAMES.  287 

them  executors  of  Samuel  Phillips  late  of  Boston,  mer- 
chant, dec'd,  all  their  right  to  the  brick  tenement  over 
against  the  exchange  or  Court  House. 

Mrs.  Townsend's  mother  became  the  wife  of  the  well 
known  merchant,  William  Blair  of  Boston,  who  in  his  will 
of  30  June,  1735,  mentions  wife  Mary,  cousin  William 
Blair,  son  of  tlohn  Blair  of  Londonderry,  of  New  England, 
"who  was  son  to  my  uncle  David  Blair  in  Ireland,"  "my 
four  cousins  John  Blair,  James  Blair,  Elizabeth  Blair  and 
Rachel  Love,"  Mr.  John  Phillips,  "son  of  my  wife,"  Wil- 
liam Blair  Townsend  "who  intermarried  with  one  of  my 
said  wife's  daughters,"  etc. 

In  1732  John  Marshall,  merchant  (and  wife  Lydia), 
mortgaged  to  him  the  estate  called  the  White  Horse  Inn  at 
South  End,  on  the  north  side  of  Newbury  street.  eJonathan 
and  Rel)ecca  Williams  conveyed  to  their  son  James  Town- 
send  some  real  estate  on  Cornhill,  4  June,  1728.  The 
same  Jonathan  (wife  Rebecca  being  then  deceased)  made 
another  conveyance  to  him  15  July,  1736.  Thaddeus 
Mason,  gentleman,  of  Charlestown,  and  wife  Rebecca, 
daughter  of  Eebecca  late  the  wife  of  Jonathan  AVilliains, 
wine-cooper  (both  deceased),  made  conveyance  to  him 
of  estate  on  Savage's  Court,  28  July,  1737. 

Mr.  Townsend's  will,  of  7  April,  with  codicil  of  23  May, 
1738,  proved  13  June,  1738,  provided  for  his  widow 
Elizabeth,  who  afterwards  (8  Jan.,  1738-9)  was  married 
to  Rev'd  Dr.  Charles  Chauncey,  for  son  William  Blair 
Townsend,  who  was  put  under  the  guardianship  of  John 
Phillips,  stationer,  and  for  daughter  Rebecca,  who  had 
her  mother  for  guardian.  His  real  estate  consisted,  in 
part,  of  Brick  house  and  land  on  Cornhill,  half  of  4 
Brick  Houses  in  Marlborough  street,  an  old  house  in 
Bromfield  lane,  a  mansion  house  in  King  Street,  etc.,  etc. 


k 


288  FAMILY  OF  WILLIAM   TOWNSEND  ; 

This  real  estate  was  divided,  18  Nov.,  1754  (Suffolk 
Deeds,  B.  87,  LL.  40,43)  between  the  widow,  Mrs.  Eliz*^ 
Chauncey,  the  only  son,  William  Blair  Townsend  (who 
received  the  brick  house  on  the  northerly  side  of  King 
St.,  and  other  parcels)  and  Professor  Winthrop  as  guardian 
of  his  sons  John,  Adam,  James,  and  William,  children  of 
his  wife  Rebecca,  dec'd. 

He  was  probably  buried  in  the  tomb  which  he  had  per- 
mission, in  1737,  from  the  selectmen  of  Boston,  to  build 
in  what  is  now  called  King's  Chapel  burial  ground  "where 
there  are  two  brick  graves  belonging  to  the  families  of 
Townsend  and  Davenport."  His  widow  paid  for  building 
the  tomb  in  June,  1738.  It  is  still  standing  and  consists 
of  a  heavy  freestone  slab,  or  table,  resting  on  six  carved 
freestone  pillars.  On  a  slate,  inserted  on  the  top  of  this 
table  appear  the  Townsend  arms,  a  chevron  between  three 
escallops;  crest,  a  stag  tripping.  The  chevron  is  ermine  ; 
the  other  tinctures  and  metals  are,  I  think,  not  indicated. 

James  and  Elizabeth  (Philips)  Townsend  had  : 

64.  William  Blair,  b.  6  July,  1723;  m.  1st  Mary  Hubbard  18   Feb., 

1747,  2d  Mary  Ann  Brimmer,  9  Jan.,  1771. 

65.  Rebecca,  b.  12  April,  1725 ;  d.  22  Aug.,  1753 ;  m.  John,  son  of  Adam 

Winthrop,  b.  9  Dec,  1714,  Harv.  Coll.,  1732,  LL.  D.  andF.  K.  S., 
Fellow  of  Harv.  Coll.  and  HoUis  Professor  of  Mathematics  and 
Natural  Philosophy. 


51  Penn  {Penn^  Peter^^  Petei^  William^) ,  born  in 
Salem,  1732,  was  a  cooper  and  mariner,  and  lived  in 
Turner  street,  Salem.  June  15,  1771  (the  same  day 
that  he  sold  his  grandfather  Masters'  house  and  land  to 
Mr.  Pierce),  he  bought  of  John  Turner,  Esq.  (and  wife 
Mary)  a  lot  of  land  lower  down  the  street,  on  the  same 
side,  whereon  he  built  a  house,  still  standing  next  to  what 
is  called  the  Collins  house.     He  was  drowned  off  Nahant 


52  MOSES.  289 

16  Oct.,  1796,  being  probably  knocked  overboard  by  the 
swinging  of  the  boom  while  the  vessel  was  jibbing.  He 
was  twice  married.  His  first  wife,  Anne  (White)  the 
mother  of  his  children,  died  3  Oct.,  1786,  aged  53  years  ; 
he  married  secondly  (31  Dec,  1786)  Martha  Renough, 
who  survived  him  and  died  17  Feb.,  1833,  aged  91  years. 

Capt.  Tovvnsend  probably  saw  service  in  the  old  French 
war,  as  I  find  the  name  of  Penn  Townsend  of  Boston  on 
the  roll  of  Capt.  Rich**  Atkins'  company.  Col.  Joseph 
Williams  RegS  from  May  2  to  the  date  of  his  discharge, 
Oct.  12,  1758  ("marched  23  miles"). 

He  was  one  of  Capt.  Joseph  Killer's  company,  enlisted 
in  April,  1777,  to  go  to  Rhode  Island  to  reinforce  the 
troops  there. 

His  will,  made  in  1790  and  proved  10  April,  1797, 
devises  to  his  wife  Martha  all  his  real  estate  during  her  life- 
time, and  after  her  death  to  his  daughter  Nancy  Town- 
send.  He  makes  a  bequest  of  money  to  his  daughter 
Hannah,  wife  of  John  Ingersoll. 

Penn  and  Anne  (White)  Townsend  had  : 

56.    Hannah,  m.  Capt.  John  Ingersoll  of  Salera  23  May,  1779. 
67.   Anna  Cunmarried),  d.  1  Oct.,  1794,  aged  22  years. 


52  Moses  {Penn*^  Peter^^  Peter'  William^),  born  in 
1735,  was  a  painter.  He  married  first,  27  April,  1758, 
Hannah,  daughter  of  Capt.  Joseph  and  Mary  (Williams) 
Lambert  of  Salem,  who  died  14  Oct.,  1773,  aged  thirty- 
seven  years,  and  secondly  Martha ,  who  survived 

him. 

Joseph  Lambert,  mariner,  Margaret  White,  widow, 
Andrew  Preston,  mariner,  and  wife  Mary,  Sarah  Butman, 
widow,  Moses  Townsend  and  wife  Hannah,  Daniel  Ropes 

HIST.  COLL.  XIX  19 


290  FAMILY   OF   WILLIAM   TOWNSEND  ; 

and  wife  Priscilla,  and  Elizabeth  Lambert,  spinster,  with 
the  consent  of  their  mother  Mary  Lambert,  widow,  con- 
veyed 6  Feb.,  1765,  to  their  kinsman  Jonathan  Lambert, 
mariner,  their  half  of  house  and  land  on  north  side  of 
what  is  now  Essex  street,  which  Philip  Cromwell  sold  to 
Jonathan  Prince,  and  the  latter's  widow  and  administra- 
trix, Mary  Warner,  sold  to  Samuel  Lambert  (the  grand- 
father of  the  grantors). 

Moses  Townsend  and  his  eldest  son  Moses,  then  a  mere 
stripling,  served  in  the  war  of  the  Revolution  in  the  com- 
pany commanded  by  Capt.  Addison  Richardson,  two  of 
whose  children  afterwards  intermarried  with  his  family. 
They  were  in  the  army  that  besieged  Boston  and  after- 
wards formed  a  part  of  the  garrison  of  Fort  Washington 
near  New  York,  and  were  captured  by  the  British  after 
the  retreat  of  the  American  army  from  that  city.  He 
died  of  disease  contracted  while  a  prisoner,  and  was  prob- 
ably buried  in  Wallingford,  Connecticut.  His  widow, 
Martha,  took  out  letters  of  administration,  with  Nehemiah 
and  Rufus  Adams  as  sureties.  He  had  lived  in  his  mother 
Lambert's  house,  and  left  but  a  trifling  estate.  Most  of 
the  young  children  were  taken  care  of  by  their  maternal 
relatives,  the  Lamberts,  the  youngest  son,  Penn,  being 
brought  up  to  a  seafaring  life  by  his  uncle  Penn  and 
eldest  brother  Moses. 

Moses  and  Hannah  (Lambert)  Townsend  had  the  fol- 
lowing children : 

58.  Moses,  b.  23  Feb.,  1759;  d.  25  June,  1759. 

59.  Moses,  b.  17  May,  1760;  m.  Lydia  Lambert  7  April,  1785. 

60.  Samuel,  b.  1  April,  1762;  in.  Mercy  Stevens  7  Aug.,  1790. 

61.  Hannah,  b.  14  April,  1764;  m.  John  McEwen.'' 


T  "Jan.  6, 1808,  John  McEwen,  Fever,  43  years.  Was  from  Scotland.  Liverl  at 
Kennebunk  and  came  to  Salem  7  years  ago;  m.  at  26,  Hannah  Townsend.  Their 
4  children  in  good  families.    He  well  educated."   [Dr.  Bentley's  Record  of  Deaths.] 


54   WILLIAM.  291 

62.  Margaret,  b.  8  Dec,  1766 ;  m.  1st  Henry  Whitredge,  U  Dec,  1783 ; 

2ik1  John  Tucker  (pub.  16  May,  1789);  3rd  Isaac  Very,  jr.,  13 
Mav,  1792. 

63.  Joseph,  b.  6  Nov.,  1768;  d.  17  June,  1773. 

64.  Elizabeth,  b.  25  Jan.,  1771 ;  m.  Capt.  William  Richardson  17  March, 

1788.  For  an  account  of  their  family  see  the  Richardson  Mk- 
MORIAL,  by  Vinton.  Their  youngest  son,  Penn  Townsend  Rich- 
ardson, dropped  the  surname  Richardson,  married,  but  died 
without  issue.  His  adopted  son,  William  Hyle  Townsend,  did 
good  service  in  the  war  of  secession  and  died  in  Virginia,  unm. 

65.  Penn,  b.  15  Sept.,  1772;  m.    1st  Marv    Richardson   1   Dec,  1793; 

2nd  Sarah  (Cheever)  Bickford,  10  July,  1827. 


54  William  Blair  {James^"^  James^  James'  William^), 
born  in  Boston  6  July,  1723  (Harv.  Coll.  1741);  mar- 
ried first  (18  Feb.,  1747)  Mary,  daughter  of  the  Hon. 
Thomas  Hubbard,  who  was  the  mother  of  his  children, 
and  secondly  (10  Jan'y,  1771)  Mary  Ann  Brimmer. 

The  will  of  William  Blair  Townsend,  of  Weston,  made 
26  May,  1778,  and  presented  in  court  3  July,  1778,  pro- 
vided for  wife  Mary  Ann,  who  was  to  have  all  the  estate 
she  brought  with  her  in  marriage,  and  was  declared  ex- 
ecutrix, daughter  Mary,  wife  of  Andrew  Bordman  of 
Cambridge,  and  son  Thomas  Hubbard  Townsend,  who 
was  to  be  put  under  guardianship  of  Samuel  Clap  of  Bos- 
ton. The  inventory  shows  that  he  owned  a  large  estate  in 
Weston,  Boston,  and  elsewhere. 

His  Avidow,  Mary  Ann  Townsend  of  Boston,  in  her 
will  of  18  Feb.,  1797,  proved  20  Nov.,  1798,  mentioned 
her  brothers  Martin  Brimmer  and  Herman  Brimmer 
(then  living),  and  brother  John  Baker  Brimmer  deceased, 
who  had  left  a  child  named  Susanna,  and  she  named 
nephews  Henderson  Inches  and  Rob'  Gould  Brimmer, 
and  niece  Susanna  Brimmer.  Herman  Brimmer  was 
allowed  as  executor,  with  Henderson  Inches,  merchant, 
of  Boston,  and  Martin  Brimmer,  Esq.,  of  Roxbury,  as 
sureties. 


292  FAMILY  OF  WILLIAM  TOWNSEND  ; 

William  Blair  and  Mary  (Hubbard)  Townsend  bad  : 

66.  James,  b.  7  Dec,  1748;  d.  young. 

67.  Mary,  bapt.  1  Sept.,  1750;  ra.  Andrew  Boardman  of  Cambridge 

1  iSTov.,  1770. 

68.  Thomas  Hubbard,  m.  Esther  Newell  of  Needham,  and  left  an  only 

child,  Mary  Ann  Hubbard  Townsend,  born  in  Needham  20 
April,  1792;  m.  Alpheus  Bigelow,  jr.,  to  whom  she  bore  Frank 
W.  Bigelow  (of  Weston). 

59  Moses  (Moses^^  Penn^  Peter^^  Peter^  William}), 
born  in  Salem  17  May,  1760,  married  7  April,  1785,  bis 
cousin  Lydia,  daugbter  of  Capt.  Josepb  and  Mary  (Wbite) 
Lambert,  born  in  Salem  27  June,  1767. 

Left  an  orpban  at  tbe  age  of  seventeen,  baving  already 
seen  service  witb  bis  fatber  in  tbe  war  of  tbe  Revolution, 
altbougb  a  mere  boy  in  years,  be  developed  at  once  into  a 
man.  Returning  from  tbe  prison,  in  wbicb  be  bad  been 
confined  witb  tbe  rest  of  tbe  garrison  of  Fort  Wasbing- 
ton,  be  immediately,  witb  tbe  belp  of  bis  maternal  rela- 
tives, tbe  Lamberts,  one  of  tbe  most  influential  families  of 
tbe  East  Parisb,  entered  upon  a  career  of  great  activity 
as  a  mariner  and  afterwards  as  a  mercbant.  Feeling  bis 
responsibility  as  tbe  virtual  bead  of  a  young  and  numerous 
family  of  brotbers  and  sisters,  be  vvitbdrew  bis  youngest 
sister  Elizabetb  from  tbe  unfriendly  cbarge  of  an  unloving 
stepmotber,  and  placed  ber  witb  ber  aged  grandmotber 
Lambert.  Tbrougb  bis  enterprise  be  soon  acquired  a  com- 
petency and  was  able  before  be  reacbed  bis  fiftietb  year  to 
build  tbe  stately  brick  mansion,  at  corner  of  Derby  and 
Carlton  streets,  wbere  be  ended  bis  days  14  Feb.,  1842, 
baving  lived  to  an  bonored  old  age.  In  politics  be  was 
an  ardent  republican,  like  most  of  tbe  citizens  of  tbat  part 
of  tbe  town,  and  especially  tbose  wbo  composed  tbe  re- 
ligious flock  of  tbe  Rev.  Dr.  William  Bentley  ;  and  be  be- 


59  MOSES.  293 

came  a  power  both  in  politics  and  in  parochial  affairs, 
being  looked  on  as  a  leader  by  the  democrats  of  Ward 
One.  He  Avas  often  chosen  chairman  of  the  selectmen  or 
moderator  at  town  meetings,  and  was  thought  of  at  one 
time  as  a  possible  democratic  candidate  for  the  office  of 
Lieut.  Governor.  For  many  of  the  later  years  of  his  life 
he  was  president  of  the  Union  Marine  Insurance  Company. 
He  died  14  Feb.,  1842,  having  made  his  will  28  June, 
1834,  with  codicils  dated  10  Jan.,  and  5  Feb.,  1842. 
He  appointed  as  executors,  his  nephew,  by  marriage, 
Joseph  G.  Waters,  his  son  George  Townsend,  and  his 
son-in-law  William  Rice.  He  mentions  daughters  Pris- 
cilla  L.  Ward,  Lydia  Kice  and  Elizabeth  Becket,  sons 
William  M.,  George  and  Joseph  L.  Townsend,  and 
grandchildren  Frederick  G.  Ward,  Mary  I.  Ward,  Moses 
Townsend  Rice,  Priscilla  L.W.  Rowell,  Ann  Maria  Town- 
send,  Lydia  L.  Townsend  and  Wm.  M.  Townsend.  At 
his  death  only  two  of  his  children  were  alive,  viz.  : 
George  Townsend  and  Eliz^''  Becket. 

The  following  notice  appeared  in  the  Salem  Gazette  of 
18  Feb.,  1842  : — "In  this  city  on  Monday  evening  Moses 
Townsend  Esq.  aged  82.  The  deceased  has  filled  the  of- 
fice of  President  of  the  Union  Marine  Insurance  Company 
for  the  last  38  years  and  has  occupied  other  stations  of 
honor  &  trust  in  this  community.  His  course  through 
life  has  been  characterized  by  strict  integrity  and  genuine 
benevolence,  and  he  has  left  behind  him  a  good  name  that 
will  be  revered  by  all  who  knew  him.  He  was  a  soldier 
of  the  Revolutionary  War." 

Lydia,  the  wife  of  Moses  Townsend,  Esq.,  died  7  Sept., 
1833,  aged  66  years. 

69.   Lydia,  b.  16  Dec,  1787  (Sunday  night  about  10  o'clock);  m.  William 
Rice,  son  of  Matthias  and  Hannah  (Lambert)  Rice  18  Nov.,  1810. 


294  FAMILY   OF  WILLIAM   TOWNS  END  ; 

70.  Priscilla  Lambert,  b.  1  Nov.,  1790  (Monday  morning,  6  o'clock)  ; 

m.  16  Aug.,  1808,  Gamaliel  Hodjres  Ward,^  son  of  Samuel  and 
Priscilla  (Hodges)  Ward,  b.  24  Jan.,  1782;  d.  6  March,  1836. 

71.  Mary,  b.  6  April,  1793  (Friday,  6  o'clock,  evening)  ;  d.  of  dysen- 

tery 19  Oct.,  1801,  aged  8  years  and  6  months. 

72.  Elizabeth,  b.  11  Dec,   1798  (Tuesday  morning,  2  o'clock)  ;  m.  1 

May,  1817,  David   (son  of  John)  Becket,  who  d.  20  June,  1836. 

73.  Joseph  Lambert,  b.  14  April,   1801  (Monday  about  12  o'clock  at 

night)  ;  d.  19  Sept.,  1802,  of  dysentery. 

74.  William  Moses,  b.  22  March,  1806  (Saturday)  ;  d.  of  apoplexy  15 

May,  1840;  m.  Mary  Ann,  dau.  of  John  and  Hannah  (Tucker) 
Chipman.  He  left  three  children  :  Ann  Maria  (who  m.  Capt. 
J.  Warren  Perkins),  Lydia  Lambert  (who  m.  Capt.  John  W. 
Strout),  and  Wm.  Moses. 

75.  Joseph  Lambert,  b.   3  May,  1809;  d.  22  Feb.,  1835,  at  Charles- 

ton, S.  C. ;  unmarried. 

76.  George,  b.  20  July,  1812;  removed  to  New  York. 


60  Samuel  {Moses^^  Penn^  Peter^^  Peter"  William^), 
born  in  Salem  1  April,  1762;  m.  7  Aug.,  1790,  Mercy, 
daughter  of  Thomas  and  Mercy  (Mascoll)  Stevens,  born 
31  Aug.,  1766.  He  entered  upon  a  seafaring  life  early, 
was  taken  prisoner  by  the  British  in  1777,  when  only  fif- 
teen years  old,  and  put  into  Mill  Prison,  where  his  eldest 
brother  Moses  was  confined,  and  was  there  as  late  as  9 
Aug.,  1781,  as  appears  from  a  book  kept  in  his  family. 
In  December,  1801,  he  was  reported  lost,  having  sailed 
from  Salem  and  never  been  heard  from.  His  will,  of  8 
Nov.,  1800,  proved  28  June,  1803,  mentions  wife  Mercy, 
and  children  Samuel,  Mercy,  Moses  and  Penn.  The  will 
of  his  widow,  Mercy  Townsend,  made  18  June,  1844, 
and  proved  1  Oct.,  1844,  mentions  daughter  Mercy  Up- 
ton, son  Joseph,  and  Mrs.  Catherine  Townsend,  widow 
of  her  son  Moses. 


8  Gam.  H.  Ward,  by  this  man-iage,  had  a  son  Frederick  G.  Ward,  b.  23  April, 
1811,  who  m.  Eliz'ii  Colburn  Spencer  (still  living)  May,  1831,  and  by  her  had,  be- 
sides other  issue,  a  son  Frederick  Townsend  Ward,  whose  daring  exploits  in 
China  during  the  great  Tai-ping  rebellion  made  him  famous  in  both  hemispheres 
during  his  lifetime  and  an  object  of  religious  veneration  in  China  since  his  death. 


65  PENN.  295 

Capt.  Samuel  and  Mercy  (Stevens)  Townsend  had  : 

77.  Samuel,  b.  11  May,  1791;  m.  Alice  Hooper  22  Oct.,  1817;    d.  29 

March,  1842.  They  had  Hannah,  Mary  E.,  Eliza,  Henry,  Mercy 
A.,  Moses,  Mary  Ann  and  Robert  Stone  Townsend.  The  latter 
married  and  moved  to  Dan  vers  Plains. 

78.  Hannah,  b.  19  April,  1793;  d.  13  Sept.,  1800. 

79.  Mercy,  b.   28  July,   1796;  m.  6  Dec,    1812,  Capt.  John  Upton,  for 

an  account  of  whose  family  see  the  Upton  Memorial,  by  Kev. 
Dr.  Vinton. 

80.  Penn,     (^    .       u   io  t         i-nn    >  d.  27  Jan.,  1804. 

81.  Mosei,  I  t^^'»"«'^-  12  Ju"e,  1.99;  ^,^    Catherine  Gardner  Greene, 

who  is  still  living  with  one  child,  a  dau.  (unm.) 

82.  Joseph,  b.    17  July,  1801;  m.  Abigail  C,  dau.  of  Mr.  James  l*er- 

kins;  removed  to  Brooklyn,  N.  Y.,  and  d.  there  28  Jan.,  1855. 
They  had  Abigail,  Keganua,  Adeline,  Relyanna,  Josephine  and 
Estelle  Townsend. 


65  Penn  (Moses^^  Penn^  Peter^-'  Peler^  William^),  born 
in  Salem,  15  Sept.,  1772,  went  to  sea  when  a  mere  l)oy  and 
was  actually  in  command  of  a  vessel  before  he  had  legally 
entered  into  manhood.  His  voyages  were  chiefly  European, 
to  the  various  Mediterranean  ports  or  the  northern  ports 
of  Kussia.  He  lived  two  or  three  years  in  the  latter  coun- 
try, at  Archangel  and  in  Moscow.  Later,  he  was  for 
several  years  a  Lieutenant  in  the  U.  S.  Revenue  Service, 
but  finally  retired  from  service  and  was  afterwards  engaged 
more  or  less  actively,  in  business  as  a  merchant.  In  the 
war  of  1812  he  was  active  in  promoting  privateering, 
being  part  owner  with  his  brother  Moses  and  others,  of 
numerous  private  armed  vessels  and  was  himself  in  com- 
mand of  some  of  them,  viz.,  the  Macedonian,  the  Grumbler, 
etc.  He  was  noted  for  his  daring,  and  became  an  object 
of  dread  on  the  part  of  British  merchant  vessels  as  is 
shown  by  the  story  printed  in  the  Sailor's  Magazine  for 
July,  1855  (vol.  27,  no.  11).     He  died  30  Jan'y,  1846. 

Capt.  Townsend  married,  first  (1  Dec,  1793),  Mary, 
dau.  of  Capt.  Addison  and  Mary  (Greenleaf;  Richardson, 


296         FAMILY   OF  WILLIAM   TOWNSEND  ;    65   PENN. 

b.  19  Jan'y,  1772,  d.  6  July,  1824  (for  a  notice  of  whose 
family  and  character  see  the  Richardson  Memorial  by  the 
Rev.  Dr.  Vinton)  ;  and,  secondly  (10  July,  1827),  Mrs. 
Sarah,  widow  of  Capt.  Jonathan  Beckford  and  daughter 
of  Samuel  and  Sally  (Ring)  Cheever,  who  survived  him. 
By  this  second  wife  he  had  no  issue.  By  Capt.  Beckford 
she  had  a  daughter  Sarah  who  was  married  to  Moses  Ste- 
vens, esq.,  of  Andover,  and  afterwards  of  Nashville, 
Tennessee.  Three  of  Mrs.  Stevens'  children  are  still 
living,  viz. ,  the  widow  of  Professor  Lindsley,  in  Tennessee, 
the  wife  of  Mr.  Henry  D.  Johnson,  and  the  widow  of  Mr. 
William  Henry  Emmerton,  both  in  Salem. 

Capt.  Townsend's  residence  was  the  three  story  wooden 
house,  built  in  1795  by  Joseph  Hosmer  and  afterwards 
the  property  of  Capt.  Joseph  White,  who  sold  it  to  Capt, 
Townsend  in  1814.  It  was  here  that  he  died.  By  his 
will  of  8  Aug.,  1845,  proved  17  Feb.,  1846,  his  wife 
Sarah  and  unmarried  daughter  Mary  were  to  have  the 
income  of  his  property  during  their  lives.  After  the 
death  of  the  last  survivor  of  them  the  whole  estate  was  to 
go  to  his  daughter,  Mrs.  Eliza  G.  Waters,  or  her  heirs. 
William  D.  Waters,  esq.,  was  appointed  executor. 

The  children  of  Penn  and  Mary  (Richardson)  Townsend 
were : 

83.  Mary,  b.  3  March,  1796;  d.  (unm.)  17  May,  1871,  from  injuries  re- 

ceived a  few  days  before  in  the  Eastern  Railroad  Station,  Salem. 

84.  Eliza  Greenleaf,  b.  17  Jan.,  1798;  m.  8  Dec,  1825,  Joseph  Gilbert 

Waters,  esq.,  son  of  Capt.  Joseph  and  Mary  (Dean)  Waters,  b. 
6  July,  1796;  d.  12  July,  1878.  They  had  Joseph  Linton,  Penn 
Townsend,  Edward  Stanley,  Henry  Fitz  Gilbert  and  Charles 
Richardson,  all  now  living  except  Penn  T.  Waters.  Of  these 
sons  one  only  has  married,  viz.,  Edward  S.  Waters,  civil  engi- 
neer, who  by  wife  Marietta,  daughter  of  the  Hon.  Lyman  Barney 
of  Cranston,  R.  I.,  has  one  son,  Penn  Townsend  Waters, 
b.  20  Jan.,  1868,  who  thus  still  keeps  alive  a  name  that  has  been 
borne  continuously  by  a  Penn  Townsend  or  a  Penn  Townsend 
Waters  since  20  Dec,  1651.  Mrs.  Eliza  G.  Waters,  the  vener- 
able grandmother  of  this  lad,  is  still  living  in  full  health  and  vigor. 


EARLY  SETTLERS  OF  ROWLEY,  MASS.,  INCLUDING  ALL  WHO 
WERE  HERE  BEFORE  1662,  WITH  A  FEW  GEN- 
ERATIONS OF  THEIR  DESCENDANTS. 


COMMUNICATED  BY  GEO.  B.  BLODGETTE,  A.  M. 


In  the  list  here  given,  no  mention  is  made  of  those  who 
first  sat  down  at  Boxford  (then  a  part  of  Rowley)  ;  they 
were  not  of  Rogers'  company  nor  identified  with  our  first 
church,  and  are  mentioned  in  the  excellent  history  of  Box- 
ford  by  Perley. 

The  dates  of  birth  have  been  compared  with  the 
baptisms,  and  the  double-dating  frequently  supplied 
from  the  church  record.  Where  no  town  is  given 
Rowley  is  intended.  Where  possible,  four  generations 
of  each  family  are  given  or  the  town  mentioned  to  which 
any  have  removed.  With  perhaps  a  few  slight  exceptions 
where  no  authority  is  cited  the  fact  appears  on  our  town 
or  church  records.  Additions  and  corrections  will  be 
thankfully  received.  I  am  grateful  for  valuable  aid 
rendered  me  in  the  arrangement  of  this  list  particularly 
by  Mr.  Alfred  Poore,  who  placed  at  my  disposal  all  his 
manuscript. 

ABBOTT. 

1  George  Abbott  had  a  two  acre  house-lot  in  the 
first  division,  1643.  There  is  no  further  mention  of  him 
on  our  records. 

HI8T.    COLL.  XIX  19*  (297) 


298  EARLY   SETTLERS   OF   ROWLEY. 

Children  brought  here : 

1-1  Thomas^  was  paid  a  bounty  for  killing  two  wolves  and  five 
foxes  1650;  m.  13-5mo.,  1655,  Dorothy,  daughter  of  Richard 
Swan^"^,  and  was  buried  7  Sept.,  1659,  leaving  no  issue. 
His  will,  dated  5-7mo.,  1659,  proved  27-7rao.,  1659,  mentions  : 
father-in-law  Richard  Swan,  brothers  George  Abbott,  Nehe- 
miah  Abbott  and  Thomas  Abbott,  "  unto  widdow  Brocklebanke 
and  her  sons  fifty  shillings,"  wife  Dorothy  who  is  ex't'x. 
Value  of  estate,   £234-15-0   (Essex  Probate).      His  widow 

Dorothy  m.  (2)  Edward  Chapman,  and  (3)  in  Newbury 

13  Nov.,  1678,  Archelaus  Woodman  of  Newbury;  and,  as 
his  widow,  died  in  Rowley  21  Oct.,  1710.  Our  "Book  of 
Grants,"  page  167,  mentions  Dorothy  Woodman  as  "some- 
time wife  of  Thomas  Abbott." 

1-2  George**  was  of  Andover,  1659.      \ 

1-3  Nehemiah^  was  of  Ipswich,  1659.  V  Essex  Deeds,  1  Ips.,  625-6. 

1-4  Thomas^  was  of  Concord,  1659.     ) 


ACY. 

2  William  Acy  had  a  two  acre  house-lot  bounded  on 
the  north  side  and  east  end  by  the  street,  1643.  He 
brought  with  him  his  wife  Margaret.  She  was  buried  12 
Feb.,  1674-5.  He  held  many  town  offices.  The  date  of 
his  death  is  not  on  record.  He  made  his  will  22  April, 
1689,  "being  very  aged;"  it  was  proved  30  Sept.,  1690 
(see  Hist.  Coll.,  Vol.  V,  page  43).  Savage  says  he  had 
a  son  Joseph  baptized  in  Boston,  1657.  I  find  no  mention 
here  of  such  son,  and  William  was  an  officer  of  this  town 
that  year. 

Children  brought  with  him  : 

2-1  Ruth*,  m.  17-7mo.,  1645,  John  Palmer^^. 
2-2  Mary*,  m.  14-8mo.,  1647,  Charles  Brown^^ 
2-3  John*^,  m.  Hannah  Green, 
and  probably 

2-4  Elizabeth*,  m 1652,  Robert  Swan^^^'S 

and  possibly 


EARLY   SETTLERS    OF   ROWLEY.  299 

2-5  Thomas',  whose  name  appears  twice  on  page  45  of  "Book  No.  1" 
of  our  town  records  under  date  of  6  March,  1676-7,  being  a 
grant  of  a  parcel  of  land  in  "  polipod  field,"  next  to  land  he 
had  of  Capt.  Brocklebank.  I  think  the  clerk  should  have 
written  '*  John." 

2-3  John  Acy  (William^)  was  about  40  years  old, 
1678  (County  Court,  Vol.  23  :  27-8).  He  m.  in  Hamp- 
ton, 5  June,  1676,  Hannah,  daughter  of  Henry  Green  of 
Hampton.     Her  birth  is  not  on  record  in  Hampton.     He 

died ,  1690.     The  inventory  of  his  estate  (on  file) 

was  taken  24  March,  1690-1,  and  filed  in  court  the  next 
day.  John  Acy  received  from  his  father  William  Acy, 
by  deed  dated  9  April,  1675,  one-half  of  house,  barn  and 
home-lot  in  Rowley  between  the  homestead  of  Joseph 
Horsley  towards  the  south  and  the  homestead  of  Thomas 
Tenney  towards  the  north,  abutting  on  the  street  to- 
wards the  east,  and  on  the  brook  towards  the  west ;  to- 
gether Avith  the  other  half  after  grantor's  decease  (Essex 
Deeds,  3  Ips.,  373).  Widow  Hannah  Acy  married  (2) 
,  John  Shepperd,  and  died  30  March,  1718. 

Children  : 

2-6  Mary^,  b.  5  Aug.,  1G77;  died  young. 

2-7  Elizabeth^   b.   23  Jan.,  1678-9;  m.  11  Nov.,   1698,  Judah  Trum- 

ble"3-". 
2-8    Hannah^,   b.    9   March,    1680-1;  m.    31   Aug.,    1698,    Caleb  Bur- 

bank'«-'". 
2-9  Margaret^  b.  30  Aug.,  1683;  m.  10  Feb.,  1702-3,  John  Dresser^"-'^ 


BAILEY. 

3  James  Bailey,  brother  of  Kichard*,  had  the  birth 
of  his  child  recorded  here  as  of  1642,  yet  his  name  does  not 
appear  in  the  record  of  the  first  division  of  house-lots, 
1643.     Ad  acre  and  a  half  lot  was  laid  out  to  him  shortly 


300  EARLY   SETTLERS   OF   ROWLEY. 

after.  His  wife  was  Lydia;  she  died  29  April,  1704. 
He  was  about  fifty-one  years  old,  1663,  and  was  buried 
10  Aug.,  1677.  His  will,  dated  8  Aug.,  1677,  proved 
25  Sept.,  1677,  mentions:  daughters  Lydia  Platts  and 
Damaris  Leaver,  eldest  son  John,  and  son  James  who 
is  executor,  and  "unto  my  wife"  one-third,  etc.  (Essex 
Probate,  on  file,  and  Essex  Deeds,  4  Ips.,  117). 
Children  (first  two  probably  not  born  here)  : 

3-1  John",  b.  2-12mo.,  1642;  m.  Mary  Mighilp-7. 

3-2  Lydia^  b.  — 9mo.,  1644;  m.  8  May,  1672,  Abel  Platts^^-*. 

3-3  Jonathan^,  b.  —  Sept.,  1646;  buried  27  March,  1665. 

3-4  Damaris^  b.  17-llmo.,  1648;  m.  8  May,  1672,  Thomas  Leaver^* 

3-5  James',  b.  15-llmo.,  1650;  m.  Elizabeth  Johnson^^-^ 

3-6  Thomas^  b.  l-6mo.,  1653;  not  mentioned  in  father's  will. 

3-7  SamueP,  b.  10-6mo.,  1655;  buried  28-9mo.,  1657. 

3-8  SamueP,  b.  6  Nov.,  1658;  not  mentioned  in  father's  will. 


3-1  John  Bailey  (James^)  born  2-12mo.,  1642;  m. 
16  June,  1668,  Mary,  daughter  of  Deacon  Thomas 
MighilP.  He  died  "comeing  from  Canady"  19  Nov., 
1690.  His  widow  Mary  was  adm'x  of  his  estate  22  April, 
1691 ;  son  Jonathan  joined  with  her  when  twenty-one 
years  old ;  with  the  inventory  on  file  is  a  list  of  his  chil- 
dren as  given  below,  excepting  only  daughter  Ann. 
Widow  Mary  Bailey  died  before  30  March,  1694,  when  the 
estate  was  divided.     (See  will  of  widow  Faith  Law^). 

Children : 

3-9  Jonathan^,  b.  31  Aug.,  1670;  m.  Hannah . 

3-10  Ann^,  b.  24  Feb.,  1672-3;  d.  17  Dec,  1690;  unmarried. 

3-11  Nathaniel^,  bapt.  4  April,  1675 ;  ra.  Sarah  Clark. 

8-12  Thomas^,  b.  7  Oct.,  1677;  settled  in  Bradford  where  he  m.  8 
Dec,  1700,  Eunice  Walker,  a  grandchild  of  Humphrey  Wood- 
bury of  Beverly  (Essex  Deeds,  32  :  67). 

3-13  James^,  bapt.  18  April,  1680;  settled  in  Bradford,  and  m.  14  July 
1702,  Hannah  Wood^^^-^^  (See  Essex  Deeds,  25:  173; 
44:  147;  47:  117;  and  Essex  Probate,  45 :  115-7). 


EARLY   SETTLERS   OF   ROWLEY.  301 

3-14  Mary^,  b.  1  Feb.,  1682-3;  d.  probably  in  Boston;  unmarried. 
Brother  Jonathan  adm.  23  Feb.,  1721-2  (Essex  Probate, 
13:  196-237). 

3-16  Elizabeth^,  b.  15  Nov.,  1685;  m.  in  Newbury,  2  Jan.,  1721-2, 
Daniel  Tenney.  She  d.  26  Jan.,  1780,  in  her  95th  year 
(Byfield  Chh.  Rec). 

3-16  Lydia^,  b.  U  April,  1G88;  m. ,  Daniel  Hitter.      They  were 

dismissed  22  Aug.,  1742,  from  our  church  to  Lunenburgh 
(Chh.  Rec). 

3-17  John-S  b.  12  Jan.,  1690-1;  was  of  Boston;  d.  before  1722,  leav- 
ing children  (Essex  Probate,  13:  196,237).  Administration 
on  his  estate  was  granted  16  Oct.,  1721,  to  John  Dixwell  and 
John  Staniford,  both  of  Boston.  Guardianship  of  his  chil- 
dren, viz.  :  William,  aged  about  7  years,  Benjamin,  aged 
about  6  years,  John,  aged  about  4  years,  and  Sarah,  aged 
about  4  years;  granted  23  July,  1722  (Suftblk  Probate,  22: 
127,  307-9,  and  28  :  103).  William  Bailey  "tailor,"  John  Bailey 
**  cordwainer,"  both  of  Haverhill,  Sarah  Bailey  "spinster,"  of 
Woburn  and  Benjamin  Bailey  "ship-wright,  of  Boston,  sold 
to  Nathaniel  Mighill  land  in  Rowley  formerly  of  "  our  uncle" 
Ezekiel  Mighill,  1740  (Essex  Deeds  80  :  64  and  94  :  208).  This 
William  Bailey  m.  in  Rowley  (pub.  1  May,  1756),  Abigail  Kil- 
bourne"*'^*,  and  was  "  drowned  at  the  Isle  of  Sables,"  16  Nov., 
1760  (Chh.  Rec). 


3-5  James  Bailey  (James^)  born  15-llmo.,  1650; 
m.  12  May,  1680,  Elizabeth,  daughter  of  Capt.  John 
Johnson^^;  she  died  12  Sept.,  1743.  He  died  20  March, 
1714-5,  aged  64  years  (gravestone).  His  will  (on  file) 
was  proved  2  May,  1715,  mentions:  wife  Elizal)eth, 
eldest  son  James  to  have  his  Rowley  lands,  youngest  son 
Samuel  to  have  his  Bradford  lands,  daughters  Elizabeth 
and  Hannah  (Essex  Probate,  11 :  133). 

Children  : 

8-18  Jame8^  b.  3  Aug.  (bapt.  31  July),  1681 ;  buried  3  Aug.,  1681. 

3-19  Elizabeth',  b.  16  Nov.,  1682;  buried  6  Dec.,  1682. 

3-20  John',  b.  1  Feb.,  1685-6;  d.  13  Feb.,  1686-6. 

3-21  Elizabeth',  b.  7  Jan.,  1687-8;  m.  12  July,  1717,  Samuel  Scott"''^. 


302  EARLY   SETTLERS   OF   ROWLEY. 

3-22  Hannah^,  b.  4  Dec,  1690;  m.  (pub.  19-llmo.,  1711),  Moses 
Davis;  she  died  30  Nov.,  1743,  "suddenly"  (Chh.  R.). 

3-23  James^  b.  12  May,  1694 ;  m.  Mercy  Bailey^'^o. 

3-24  Samuel^,  b.^27  Oct.,  1701.  He  sold  19  Nov.,  1723,  to  Abraham 
Parker,  the  land  in  Bradford,  given  him  by  his  father  (Essex 
Deeds,  42  :  135).    He  died  14  Feb.,  1754,  unmarried. 

3-9  Capt.  Jonathan  Bailey  (John^-^,  James^)  born 

31    Aug.,   1670;  married ,  Hannah   ;  she 

died  9  Dec.,  1702.  He  married  (2)  30  Jan.,  1707-8, 
Sarah,  daughter  of  Deacon  Ezekiel  Jewett^*"^;  she  died 
28  Sept.,  1730,  in  her  55th  year  (gravestone).  His  in- 
tention of  marriage  with  Mrs.  Mercy  (Barker^"^*)  Gage 
was  published  30  Oct.,  1733,  but  they  were  not  married. 
He  died  23  Nov.,  1733,  in  his  64th  year  (gravestone  in 
By  field  Parish). 

His  will,  dated  15  Nov.,  1733,  proved  10  Dec,  1733, 
mentions  :  sons  Jonathan,  Shubael,  John,  and  Moses  who 
has  the  homestead,  daughters  Ann  Tenney,  Hannah  Stew- 
art, Sarah  Dickinson,  and  Mary  Bailey,  widow*  Mercy 
Gage  to  have  £10,  sister  Elizabeth  Tenney,  children  of 
brother  John  Bailey,  deceased,  to  have  one-half  the  es- 
tate "  which  is  to  come  to  me  from  my  uncle  Ezekiel 
Mighill  after  his  widow's  decease"  (Essex  Probate,  21 : 
32.     See  also  16:  239). 

Children  by  wife  Hannah  : 

3-25  Jonathan*,   b.    1   Feb.,   1694-5,   of  Lancaster,   1722   (Middlesex 

Deeds,  23 :  39-40)  ;  m.  28  March,  1734,  Bridget  Boynton^'-'-^^. 
3-26  Sllubael^   b.   22  Feb.,   1695-6;  of  Lancaster,   1722   (Middlesex 

Deeds,  23:  39-40). 
3-27  John^  b.    1  July,  1698;  m.   17  Jan.,   1722-3,  Elizabeth,  daughter 

of  Nathaniel  Crosby^^-**. 
3-28  Ann*,  b.  4  Feb.,  1700-1;  m.  in  Newbury,  1  April,  1728,  Thomas 

Wicom*^'*-'^;  (2)  Daniel  Tenney. 
3-29  Benoni*,  b.  9  Dec,  1702;  d.  21  Nov.,  1703. 

Children  by  wife  Sarah  : 

3-30  Hannahs  b.  30  June,  1709;  m.  (published  10  Nov.,  1732)  John 
Stewart. 


EARLY    SETTLERS    OF   ROWLEY.  303 

8-31  Sarah*,  b.   14  Jan.,  1710-1;  m.  (pub.  3  March,  1732-3)  Samuel 

Dickinson'^^  *^. 
3-32  Moses^  b.  4  Feb.,  1712-3. 
3-33  Mary^bapt.  31  July,  1715;  m.  18  Feb.,  1734-5,  Amos  Jewett  of 

Bradford. 
3-34  Ezekiel*,  bapt.  27  April,  1718;  died  soon. 


3-11  Nathaniel  Bailey  (JoJm^-^,  James^)  baptized 
4  April,  1675;  married  2  Jan.,  1701-2,  Sarah  Clark  of 
Ipswich. 

He  died  21  July,  1722,  in  his  48th  year  (gravestone), 
"very  suddenly"  (Chh.  R.)  (See  Essex  Probate,  13: 
282,  324-5  for  division  of  his  estate.)  His  widow  Sarah 
married  28  March,  1726-7,  John  Stewart,  son  of  Duncan. 

Children  : 

3-35  Joseph^    b.    17    Oct.,    1701;    m.    (pub.  12    June),    1725,    Sarah 

Jewett"-''^ 
3-36  Nathaniel,  b.  27  Oct.,  1703;  m.  in  Newbury,  25  July,  172G,  Mary 

Worcester  of  Bradford  or  Newbury;  settled  in  Gloucester. 
3-37  JosiahS  b.  3  Nov.,  1705. 
3-38  David^  b.  11  Nov.,  1707;  m.  7  Dec,  1727,  Mary  Hodi^klns.     She 

d.  10  Aug.,  1759.     He  m.  (2)  (pub.  1  Dec,  1759),  Mehitable 

Smith.     She  d.  20  Aug.,  1789.     He  was  deacon  of  our  church 

18  Feb.,  1761,  and  d.  12  May,  1769,  in  his  62ud   year  (grave- 

stone). 
3-39  Samuels  b.  25  Nov.,   1709;  m.  ,  Jane  .     She  d.  — 

Jan.,  1786,  aged  74  years.     He  d.  1  Aug.,  1796. 
3-40  MercyS   b.    21  March,    1711-2;  m.    20   March,    1739-40,    James 

Bailey^". 
3-41  Sarahs  b.  18  Nov.,  1719;  (bapt.  23  Nov.,  1718). 


3-23  Lieut.  James  Bailey  (Jame^^  Jmnes^)  born 
12  May,  1694;  married  20  March,  1739-40,  Mercy, 
daughter  of  Nathaniel  Bailey ^"^^  She  died  27  Jan., 
1779. 

He  died  3  Jan.,  1768  "  of  the  Palsey"  (Chh.  R.). 
Administration  on  his  estate  granted  29  May,  1768,  to 


304  EARLY   SETTLERS   OE  ROWLEY. 

his  widow  Mercy,  and  de  bonis  non  to  Hannah  Bailey  8 
June,  1779    (Essex  Probate,  44 :  208;  45:  19-20;  46: 
152;  54:  11-47  and  73 ;  53:  238). 
Children : 

3-42  James*,  bapt.  7  June,  1741 ;  d.  15  June,  1741. 

3-43  Elizabeth*,  b.  19  Sept.,  1742;  d.  24  April,  1760;  "  a  young  wo- 
man" (Chh.  R). 

3-44  James*,  b.  23  March,  1744-5 ;  d.  27  Jan.,  1809,  aged  64 years ;  never 
married. 

3-45  Moses*,  b.  31  Aug.,  1747;  d.  — March,  1776;  unmarried. 

3-46  Paul*,  bapt.  1  Sept.,  1751;  d.  23  April,  1752. 

3-47  Hannah*,  b.  19  Dec,  1753;  m.  8  Aug.,  1780,  Nelson  Todd"'-'*^  as 
his  second  wife. 


4  Richard  Bailey,  1644,  brother  of  James^ 
See  "  Historical  and  Genealogical  Researches  in  Merri- 
mack  Valley,"   by  Alfred  Poore.     See  also   "Reminis- 
cences of  a  Nonagenarian,  by  Sarah  Anna  Emery,"  page 
139,  and  "Northend  Family,"  Hist.  Coll.,  Vol.  XII. 


BARKER. 

5  Thomas  Barker,  freeman  13  May,  1640,  had  a 
four  acre  house-lot  1643  ;  was  one  of  the  wealthiest  of  the 
first  settlers. 

His  wife  was  Mary.  He  died  without  issue,  and  was 
buried  30  Nov.,  1650.  His  will,  proved  25-lmo.,  1651, 
mentions :  Mr.  Ezekiel  Rogers,  and  as  legatees,  dear 
sister  Jane  Lambert,  Thomas  Leaver  and  his  wife,  John 
Johnson,  Elizabeth  Johnson,  Thomas  Lambert,  "be- 
loved brethren  Thomas  Mighill  and  Matthew  Boyes," 
wife  Mary  to  have  remainder. 

Thomas  Barker  was  called  "Brother"  in  the  will  of 
Francis  Lambert^'^  and  his  wife  Mary  was  called  "  Aunt" 


EARLY   SETTLERS   OF   ROWLEY.  305 

in  the  will  of  Gershom  Lam})ert^^"^.  Widow  Mary  Bar- 
ker married    (2)    16  July,  1651,  Rev.  Ezekiel  Rogers^^. 

6  James  Barker,  freeman  7  Oct.,  1640,  had  an  acre 
and  a  half  house-lot  on  Wethersfield  street,  1643.  He 
brought  with  him  wife  Grace  who   was  buried  27-1 2mo., 

1665.  He  married  (2)  22  May,  1666,  widow  Mary 
Wiat  or  Wyatt  of  Ipswich  (Register,  1878,  p.  340). 
She  died  12  April,  1684. 

He  was  buried  7  Sept.,  1678.  His  will,  dated  3-7mo., 
1678,  proved  24  Sept.,  1678,  mentious  :  himself  as  "born 
at  Stragewell  in  Low  Suffolk  in  old  England,"  wife  Mary 
and  a  marriage  contract,  son  Barzilla  as  eldest  child,  sons 
.Tames  and  Nathaniel,  daughter  Eunice  Watson,  wife  of 
John  Watson,  daughter  Grace  unlnarried,  and  "brother" 
George  Kilborn  (Essex  Probate,  on  tile). 

Children  : 

6-1  Barzilla',  m.  Anna  Jewett^**. 

6-2  James^    m.  10  May,    1667,    Mary   Stickney.     They  had  children 

bapt.  here  as  follows:     Mary,  31  May,  16(58.      Sarah,  4  Feb., 

1671-2.     Nathaniel,  11  Dec,  1681.     I  find  no  further  mention 

of  them.     (See  "  Stickney  Family,"  p.  443). 
6-3  Eunice',  b.  2-4mo.,  1642;  buried  — 3mo.,  1645. 

6-4  Nathaniel*,  b.  15-8mo.,  1644;   m.  Mary . 

6-5  Eunice',  b.  ll-12mo.,  1645;  m. John  Watson. 

6-6  Grace',  b.  l-2mo.,  1650;  m.   3  Nov.,  1680,  James  Cannady.     She 

d.  19  Feb.,  1723-4. 
6-7  Tamar',  b.  15-lOmo.,  1652;  buried  13-lOmo.,  1652. 
6-8  Steven',  b.  —  Sept.,  1653;  buried  — lOmo.,  1653. 

6-1  Barzilla  Barker    (James^)    married    5-lOmo., 

1666,  Anna,  daughter  of  Deacon  Maximilian  Jewett^. 
She  died  12  May,  1727. 

He  died  16  Nov.,  1694.  His  real  estate  was  divided 
15  April,  1697.  His  widow  Anna,  eldest  son  Ebenezer, 
daughter   Hannah    (married),  Ezra  aged  twenty  years, 

HIST.    COLL.  XIX  20 


306  EARLY   SETTLERS   OF   ROWLEY. 

Esther  aged  eighteen  years,  Ruth  aged  fifteen  years, 
Enoch  aged  twelve  years,  and  Noah  aged  seven  years, 
each  received  a  share  (Essex  Probate,  5  :  138). 

Widow  Anna  Barker  conveyed  all  her  rights  in  her  late 
husband's  estate  to  her  son  Noah  Barker,  in  consideration 
of  her  support  during  life,  29  April,  1712  (Essex  Deeds, 
4  Norfolk,  88.) 

Children : 

6-9  Jonathan^,  b.  5  Nov.,  1667;  buried  29  May,  1689. 

6-10  Ebenezer^,  b.  16  Dec,  1669;  d.   10  April,   1711;  probably  never 

married. 
6-11  Hannah^,  b.  5  Jan.,  1671-2;  m.  30  June,  1693,  Joseph  Johnson, 

jr.,  of  Haverhill. 
6-12  Lydia^  b.  13  May,  1674;  buried  11  Dec,  1675. 
6-]3  Ezra^  b.  1  Jan.,  1675-6;  d.  6  Nov.,  1697;  unmarried. 
6-14  Esther^,  b.  31  May,  1679. 
6-15  Ruth^  b.  1  Nov.,  1681. 
6-16  Enoch^  b.  21  Oct.,  1684. 

6-17  Bethiah"',  b.  8  March,  1686-7;  buried  19  Sept.,  1688. 
6-18  Noah^  b.  23  Aug.,  1689;   m.  (pub.  28  May,  1715;,  Martha  Figget 

of  Ipswich.     They  had  children  born  in  Ipswich,  viz.  :  I  Ebe- 

nezer^  bapt.   6-3mo.,   1716.     II   Susannah*,  bapt.  29-lOmo., 

1717. 

6-4  Nathaniel  Barker    (James^)    born    15-8mo., 

1644;  married  ,  Mary .     She  died  before 

24  June,  1729  (Essex  Probate,  16:  213). 

He  died  10  Nov.,  1722,  "an  aged  man"  (Chh.  R). 
(See  Essex  Probate,  16  :  3-213,  for  settlement  of  his 
estate) . 

Children : 

6-19  Elizabeth,^  b.  5  May,  1672;  m.  18  Feb.,  1701-2,  Joseph  Brockle- 
banki6-i2. 

6-20  Nathan^,  b.  16  Aug.,  1674;  d.  24  Nov.,  1752  "suddenly"  (Chh. 
R.)  ;  unmarried  and  intestate.  His  estate  was  divided  2 
Sept.,  1754,  among  his  surviving  brother  and  sisters,  James, 
Mercy,  and  Mary,  and  heirs  of  deceased  brothers  and  sisters, 
Jacob,  Nathaniel,  Joanna,  and  Elizabeth  (Essex  Probate, 
32 :  204-5-6). 


EARLY   SETTLERS    OF    ROWLEY.  307 

6-21  Jacob^,  b.  14  Jan.,  1676-7;  m.  30  Dec,  1701,  Margaret  Ten- 
ueyio8-9_  ije  (i_  27  Jan.,  1725-6.  His  will,  dated  21  Jan.,  1725-6, 
proved  21  Feb.,  1725-6,  mentions:  wife  Margaret,  eldest  sou 
Jacob,  sons  Thomas,  Joseph  and  Nathaniel,  daughters  Marcj', 
Hannah  and  Mary  (Essex  Probate,  15:  1(;5).  "Widow  Mar- 
garet m.  (2)  20  May,  1728,  Jeremiali  Hopkinson^^  '«. 

6-22  Mary^b.  11  July,  1679;  m.  25  May,  1707,  Joseph  Scott^'  >\ 

6-23  Johanna^,  bapt.  20  Nov.,  1681;  m.  6  Aug.-,  1712,  Joseph 
Dresser^"  "K 

6-24  Mercy^  b.  29  March,  1683-4;  m.  9  July,  1707,  William  Gage.  He 
d.  18  March,  1729-30.  She  d.  10  Oct.,  1775,  in  her  92iid  year 
(Chh.  R.). 

6-25  James^  b.  14  Oct.,  1686;  m.  7  May,  1711,  Sarah  Wicom''^  ='. 
She  died  8  Oct.,  1750.  lie  m.  (2)  10  April,  1753,  Mary,  widow 
of  Nathaniel  Jewett^-'-'^.  She  d.  10  Oct.,  1764,  "above  80" 
(Chh.  K.),  "at  her  daughter  Dickinsons  aged  79  years" 
(Bylield  Chh.  K.).     He  d.  16  March,  1764. 

6-26  Nathaniel,  b.  6  June,  1693;  d.  before  2  Sept.,  1754. 

BELLINGHAM.i 
7  William Bellingham,  freeman  12  Oct.,  1040,  had 
a  four  acre  house-lot,  1043.  He  died  1650  without  issue. 
His  will,  proved  24-7mo.,  1650,  mentions  :  nephew  Samuel 
Bollingham,  to  whom  nearly  all  of  his  estate  is  given,  and 
several  others  who  have  small  legacies,  namely  :  servant 
Jeremiah  Northeud  whose  time  is  given  to  Mr.  Ezekiel 
Rogers;  Elizabeth  Jackson,  Mr.  Rogers'  maid;  Margaret 
Cross;  Hannah  Grant,  etc.,  etc. 


1  A  notice  of  tlie  Bellingliam  family  may  be  found  in  the  October  number  of  the 
Hist.  Geneal.  Reg.  for  1882.  The  following  deposition,  copied  from  the  Essex  Co. 
Court  Papers  (1$.  VII,  L.  b2)  seems  wortii  printmg  in  connection  witli  tlie  above. 

lEDS.] 

'•the  dei)osition  of  Richard  longhorne  aged  about  forty  live  this  deponant  witt- 
neseth  that  in  tiie  Jlrst  yere  of  our  leaire  M'  Richard  bellingliam  and  tliis  deponant 
beeing  discorseing  to  geyther  about  a  yoiuig  gentlman  called  as  he  suposeth  Sam- 
son Eaton  who  was  akine  to  M""  William  IJellingham  now  deceased  the  said  M"  Rich- 
ard seemed  to  be  afected  in  that  the  young  Gentleman  was  disapoynted  of  his  end 
in  comeiQg  ouer  which  the  said  Sr  Richard  bellingham  held  out  to  this  deponant 

bellingham 
was  to  inherit  a  great  part  of  the  abovesaid  M'  Williams  estat.  more  ouer  the 
said  M'  Richard  in  ty  mated  to  this  deponant  that  he  the  said  Mr  Richard  thought 
that  if  the  aboue  said  young  Gentleman  had  oome  before  the  deceas  of  the  said 
Mr  William  in  all  liklly  hood  he  had  obtained  it.  and  he  the  fore  said  young  man 
missing  the  tyme  (M'  Richard  add  this  in  the  discours)  my  brother  gaue  it  to  my 
son  Samuel  Belliugham  and  further  this  deponant  saith  not."    Sworn  25^  March 


308  EARLY   SETTLERS   OP  ROWLEY. 

Mr.  Richard  Bellingham  of  Boston,  brother  of  William, 
caused  much  trouble  by  the  suits  he  brought  to  recover 
possession  of  William's  estate. 

8  Samuel  Bellingham,  nephew  of  William^  and 
son  of  Richard  of  Boston,  was  here  with  his  wife  Lucy  a 
short  time.  He  conveyed  all  his  estate  in  Rowley  to 
Joseph  Jewett,  by  deed  dated  23  July,  1650  (Essex 
Deeds,  1  Ips.,219). 

BOND. 

9  Jolm  Bond  was  here  with  his  wife  Esther,  1661, 
when  he  gave  a  deed  describing  himself  "  of  Rowley." 
In  1661  he  purchased  of  the  town  Nelson  Island  for  £20. 
The  sale  was  conditional  that  no  house  be  placed  thereon. 
Coffin  says  he  moved  to  Haverhill,  and  died  there,  1675. 

BOYES. 

10  Matthew  Boyes,  freeman  22  May,  1639,  from 
Yorkshire,  England,  with  Mr.  Rogers,  1638,  had  a  two 
acre  house-lot  on  Wethersfield  street,  1643  ;  was  our  rep- 
resentative four  years,  and  returned  home  before  1657 
with  his  family,  and  was,  1661,  of  Leeds,  county  of 
York,  England  (see  Vol.  10:  98,  C.  C).  His  wife  was 
Elizabeth .     He  was  about  52  years  old,  1661. 

Children  born  here : 

10-1  Samuel',  b.  10-7rao.,  1640. 

10-2  Hannah^  b.  16-4mo.,  1642. 

10-3  Matthew^  b.  23-lmo.,  1644. 

10-4  Elizabeths  b.  20-3mo.,  1646. 

10-5  Graces  b.  2-4mo.,  1648. 

10-6  Elkanah',  b.  25-lmo.,  1650.  ^  So  recorded.      See  Clarke'*'    for 

10-7  Mercy',  b.  26-2mo.,  1650.      5  similar  entry. 

10-8  John',  b.  23-5mo.,  1651. 

10-9  Nathaniel',  b.  l-7mo.,  1653. 

10-10  Faith',  b.  28-lOmo.,  1664. 

[To  be  continued.'] 


INDEX  OF  NAMES 


Abbot.  119,120,  121,123. 

Abbott,  53,  21*7.298. 

Abey,  105).  Ill,  113. 

Aborn,  117. 

Aby,  108. 

A<-y.  298,  299. 

Adani!*.  5,    fi2,    81.  98,   : 

119,  15.'},  1«)7.  178,  2bO, '. 

232.  234,  241,  2«K). 
A(blingtoii.    2<;9,    272, 

279,  280.  283. 
Adkins,  49. 
A  hie  II,. '>7.  86. 
Alexiin<ler.94. 
Allen,  20.  21.27.  30,  34, 

43.   90,    10.},  104,  122, 

271,  272.  278. 
Alleiton,  m. 
Alley,  46,  ,i3. 
Allin,2.')9,  261. 
Ames,  58, 197.  236,  240. 
Amherst,   63,   68.   143. 

148,  1.52,  184,   187,  191, 
Anable.  222. 
Amliew,  223. 
Andrews,  61,  62. 
Annibal,  125. 
Aiinis.  ."><>. 
Apmerp.  26. 
Appleton.  120,  203. 
Archarcl,  285. 
Archer,  26, :«,  36, 104, 

122.181,285. 
Arnold,  83. 
Astin,  72. 
Atkins,  289. 
Atkinson,  45,  122. 
Atwell,  43,  45. 
Angustus,  124. 
Austin,  47,  48,  120,  123, 


278, 


119, 


124. 


Babbidjfe,  23,  94,  a5, 104. 
Babcock,  150,  152,  18:i. 
Bacon,  U,  62,  116,  119,  178. 
Bagley,  182. 
Bailey.  49,  69,  123,  299,  300, 

301,302,303,304. 
Baker,  123. 
Balch,90. 

Baldwin,  65,  78, 117. 
Ballard,  275. 
Ballentine,  280. 
Bancroll,  2,  3,  4,  6. 
Banister.  271. 
Barber,  118. 
Barker,    64,    302,  304,  305, 

306. 


Barnard,  124,  244. 
Barnes,  70,  101,  102,  258. 
Barney,  296. 
Barr,  25,  26. 
Barratt,  117. 
Barry,  162. 
Bartholemew,  223. 
Bartholmew,  222. 
Bartholomew,  223. 
Iiartlet.36,37. 
Bartlett.  120,  229. 
Barton,  122. 
Bassett,  43,  48. 
Batchelder,  .t2,  108,109,110, 

111,112,  lt.6. 
Batcheler,  35. 
Bateman,  104.  182. 
Bates,  24,  32,  36,  60,  95. 
Batshelder,  107. 
Batten.  91,  104. 
Batton,  182. 
Battoon,  103. 
Baylcy.  69. 
Beadle.  91. 
Beals,  178. 
Beaman,  71. 
Beamsley,2.55,  266. 
Becket,  26,  27,  28.  .34,  35.  37, 

39.  91,  1>2.  97,  98,  102,   103, 

104.  178,179,293.294. 
Beckford,  22,   120,  122,  124. 

181,296. 
Bednev,  29. 
Belcha'r,  2.54. 
Belcher,  264. 
Bell.  28. 

BellinKham,  .307,  308. 
Benjamin.  273. 
Bennet,  118,2(^4,  265. 
Bennett,  2.54. 
Bennit,  117. 
Bennitt,  221. 
Benson,  176. 
Bentlev.  18.  .57.  91,  167,  176, 

239,  2*42,  290,  292. 
Benyon.  99. 
Berry,  25,  31,  94,  119,  121, 

124. 
Beverly,  69. 
Itezoel.  29. 
Biam,  106. 
Bickford,  24,  102,  116,  120, 

177,291. 
Bigelow,  292. 
Binney,  275. 
Birch,  123. 
Bishop,  120. 


BisR, 276. 

Black,  117,  120,  124. 

Blackney,  124. 

Blair,  287. 

Blakenv,  71,  73. 

Blanchiird,  98,  101,  121, 124, 

176,  178. 
Blaney.  121. 
Biodgetle,  297. 
Blott.  270,  272. 
Boardman.  30,  41,  96,  292. 
Bolies,  124. 

Bonaparte,  234,  2.36,  237. 
Bond,. 308. 
Bordman,  291. 
Bornian,  264.  267. 
Bossen,  125. 
Bott,  50.  121. 
Bowditcli.  118,  122,170. 
Bowdon.  12.5. 
Bo  wen.  118,  119. 
Bowers,  49. 
liowler.  .55. 
Bowles,  275. 
Bowls.  117. 
Bowman,  121. 
Boyes,.304,:508. 
Boynton,  .302. 
Biackenburv,  89. 
Bradbury,  221,  259,260,261, 

262,  264. 
Bradiiock,  141. 
Bradford,  81,  82,  83,  85,  86, 

87,88,90,  1.55,246. 
Bradley,  151. 
Bradshaw.  117.  119,124. 
Bradstreet,  188,231. 
Bragg.  64. 
liray,  123.  125. 
Breed,  37,  42,  43,  45,  47,  51, 

53. 
Brewer,  268. 
Brewster,  8(>. 
Bridge,  119.279. 
Bridges,  113. 
Briggs,  38,  120. 
Bright,  97,  161. 
Hrinuner,  288,  291. 
Brine,  116. 
Britton,  119. 
Brock,  108. 

Brocklebank,  299,  306. 
Brocklebanke,  298. 
Brodstreet,  25<). 
Bromfleld.  279. 
lironson,  116. 
Brookhouse,  36,  124. 

(309) 


310 


INDEX    OF    NAMES. 


Brooks,    91,    119,    120,  122, 

123,  124, 125,  166,  176.  242. 
Brown,21,25,  31,  40,  52,53. 

65,  71,  78,  93,  95,  100,  101, 

102,  117, 118,   119,  120,  121. 

122,  123,  124,  133,  194,  273, 

282,  298. 
Browne,  19,  34,  97,  99,  180, 

264. 
Browning,  257. 
Bruce,  117,  122. 
Buchanan,  39. 
Buck,  123. 
Bucke,  117. 

Buffington,  119,  121,  125. 
Buflfurn,29,  31,52,  94, 121. 
Bultinch,  26. 
Bullock,  120, 121. 
Bumstea<l,277. 
Burbank,  299. 
Burchsted,  45,  54. 
Burdett,  21. 
Burgess,  121. 
Burgis,  119. 
Burk.  143. 
Burnam,  264. 
Burnham,  68,  69,  121. 
Burr,  120,  235,  236,  265. 
Burrill,  4,  42,  43,  45,  46,  48, 

120,  125. 
Burroughs,  97, 180. 
Burrows,  120. 
Burton,  118. 
Bu.sbey,  271. 
Butman,  49,  117,  120,  122, 

123, 124,  289. 
Button,  132. 
Butuflf,  118. 
Buxton,  28. 
Bvrne,  28,  121. 
Byrns,  119. 


Cabot,  238,  239,  240. 
Caldwell,  122,  125. 
Calfleld,  123. 
Call,  2(55. 
Canada,  184. 
Cane,  123,  276. 
Cannady,  120,  305. 
Capen,  257. 
Carberry,  181. 
Card.  31. 
Carleton,  62. 
Carlton,  26.  27, 104, 122. 
Carnes,  117. 
Carpenter,  57. 
Carter,  34,  47,  281. 
Cash,  93. 
Chadwell,  46. 
Chadwick.  66, 118. 
Chalis.  258. 
Chandler,  95,  99,  123. 
Channing,  16. 
Chapman,  97,  119,  125,  298. 
Chase,  3,  45,  48,  49. 
Chastelux,  64. 
Chauncey,287,  288. 
Cheeseboro,  219. 
Cheever,   41,  78,  117,    120, 
122,142,166,291,296. 


Chever,  18,  19,  22,  23,  29, 

177. 
Chiever,  269. 
Child,  181. 
Chipman,121,294. 
Choate,  80,  229. 
Church,  136. 
Cicei'o,  245. 
Cittlrige,64. 
Clap,  291. 

Chirk,  119,286,300,303. 
Clarke,  308. 
Clay,  231,  238. 
Cleary,  57. 

Cleaveland,  205,  209,229. 
Cleaves,  30. 
Clemens,  97. 
Clough,  31,  121. 
Cloutnian,  178, 179. 
Cobb,  52,  58. 
Cobbet,  224. 
Cobbett,  132. 
Cobrun,  110. 
Coffin,  308. 
Cogswell,  204,  224. 
Colan,  27 
Colburn,  12. 
Colby,  258. 
Cole,  219,  272. 
Collins,  26,  48,  52,  98,  99, 

288. 
Columbus,  134. 
Comins,  256. 
Con  ant.  85,  89,  90,  LSI,  153, 

154,  1,55,  1.56,  158,  159.  165, 

167,  169,  171,172,  173,219. 
Converse,  120,  125. 
Cook,  36,  117,  118,  119,  121, 

123,  269. 
Cooke,  31,  37,  103,  181,  276, 

280. 
Coope,  275. 
Corvick,  117. 
Cotel,  19. 
Cotton,  27. 
Cowan,  124. 
Co  wen.  22. 
Cox,  123. 

Coye,  110,  111,  112, 113. 
Cradock,  160. 
Craft,  125. 
Craig,  117. 
Crandall,  178. 
Crealv,  124. 
Creesy, 123, 124. 
Crispin.  36,  97. 
Croflord,72. 
Croford,  183. 
Cromwell,  274,  275,  290. 
Crookshanks,  .56. 
Crosby,  118,119,302. 
Cross,  121,  122,307. 
Croswell,  20. 
Crow,  117. 
Crowninshield,  20,    24,  28, 

29.  95,  96,  98,  99,  100,  103, 

239. 
Cumbs.  120,  123. 
Cunningham,  122. 
Curtain,  .52. 
Curtis,  27,  65. 
Curvvin,  125. 


Cushman,  81. 
Cutler,  229. 
Cutter,  65. 
Cutting,  60. 

Daland,116, 119, 120,  123. 

Dale,  91. 

Dalryniple,  36,  97,  98,  101, 

178,  180. 
Dane,  239. 
Danfarth,  256. 
Danforth,  60,  118,  194,  257. 
Daniel.  25. 
Daniell,  124. 
Daniels.  96. 
Dante,  156. 
Darling,  32. 

Davenport,  173,  279,  288. 
Davies,  279. 
Davis,  170,  302. 
Davison,  117. 
Dawson,  33,  36,  39. 
Day,  99,  103,  117. 
Dean,  21,  93,  95,  98,  99,  296. 
Deane,  85,  246. 
Deland,  34. 
Dennis,  121, 123. 
Denny,, 58. 
Derby,  20,  29,  94,  99,  117, 

120.  121,  166,  197. 
Dermer,  130. 
Despenser,  213. 
Dewing,  120. 
Diblois,  118. 
Dickinson,  302,  303,  307. 
Dike,  118. 
Dillingham,  220. 
Diman,  122,  124,  182. 
Dimon,  119,  120. 
Dixey,  27. 
Dixwell,  301. 
Dixy,  157. 
Dockham,  123. 
Dodge.  21,  40,  49,  69,  95,  96, 

106,  111),  111,  118,  122,  125, 

179. 
Donaldson,  102. 
Don  ell,  256. 
Dossett,  117. 
Dove,  285. 
Dow,  124. 
Downing,  45,  121. 
Downs,  178. 
Dowst,  113,  119,  121. 
Drake,  156,  276. 
Draper,  76. 
Dresser,  299,  307. 
Dudley,  60, 160, 231, 272,276, 

278,  280. 
Dummer,  193,  194,  195, 196, 

210,  212,  279. 
Duncan,  229. 
Dunckley,  96. 
Dunham,  116.177. 
Dunlap.  28,  95, 187. 
Dunn,  101. 
Dunzack,  123. 
Durant,  118. 
Dustin,  79. 
Dutch,  33, 140. 
Dwight,  57,  78. 
Dyke,  121. 


INDEX   OF    NAMES. 


311 


Eames,  66. 

Eaton,  ?>.  4.  307. 

Eden,  117,  121. 

Eiley,  HO. 

Edward,  96. 

Edwards,  10,  lOG,  117. 

Egre,  57. 

Eldridge,  1-23, 

Elkins,  28,  177,  179, 

Ellis,  117. 

Elson,  118. 

Emerson,   15,    78,    79,    100, 

124,  125. 
Emery,  l'.»5,  304. 
Enimertoii,44,  2!K). 
Endecott,  l.")7,  lti9. 
Endicott,  1.32,  133,  1.59,  1(50, 

Kil,  1(!2,  163,  166,  l(i7,  169. 

172.  175.  231.  242,  245,  248. 
EnKlish,  H;.  24,  36. 
Epes.  9!t,  117. 
Ervin,  116,  121. 
Estabrook,  (K). 
Estes,  49,  122. 
Esties*,  172. 
Eulen,  96,  103. 
Eveleth,  268. 
Evens,  124. 
Everett,  228,  250. 
Ever  ill,  269. 
Kwel.  120. 
Eyre,  279. 

Fabins,  119. 

Fairlield,  20,  178. 

Faniiil,  .58. 

Farniim.  25. 

Farrar,  47. 

FarnnRton,  48,  54,  122,  124. 

Fav,  187,  1!K). 

Fellows,  190. 

Felt,  118,  119,  121,  122,  123, 

243,  244,  245. 
Fellon,  79,  174. 
Ferguson,  118,  194. 
Fern,  79. 

Fessenden,  57,  60. 
Field,  122. 
Figget,  30(). 

Fisher,  124,  271,  272,  273. 
Fisk.  (W).  72,  113,264. 
Fiske.  30,  105,  10(!,  107,  108, 

110,  111,  112,113,  114,  179. 
Fitch,  1.50,  1.52. 
Flagg,  44,  56,  60,  120. 
Flan)marion,  3. 
Flatcher,  151. 
Fletcher,  31,58. 
Flint,  41,79,  120,122. 
Fogarthv,  117. 
Foot,  22,"  102,  285. 
Forbes,  32,  39,  72,  95,  123. 

194,  212. 
Forbubh,  72,  74,    144,    151, 

152. 
Ford.  2&3. 
Foster,  64,  107, 108,117,  122, 

125. 
Fowler,  92. 122, 123, 125, 25t. 
Foxcrott,  277,  279. 
Foye,  32. 
Franch,  256. 


Francis,  94,  117, 121. 
Frankenstein,  240. 
Franklin,  238. 
Freeman,  6. 
Freind,  114. 
Frost,  272. 

Frothingham,  117,  124. 
Fry,  197. 

Frve,  29,  121,123,  124. 
Fuller,  44,  122, 

Gage,  151,  184,  244,  .302,  307. 
Gale,  118,119,  125,  177. 
Galloway,  27. 
Gardener,  84. 
Gardiner.  180. 
Gardner,  21,  34,  90,117,  118, 

119. 
Gare.  106. 
Gatchel,  39. 
Gatsliell,  174. 
Gavit,  117,  119. 
Gear,  108. 
Geare.  112. 
Geere,  lOS. 
Geral.l,  119. 
Gerard,  24. 
Geni>h.  .32. 
Gerrv,  239. 
(iibaiit,  IdO. 

Gilbert,  ti5,  110,  ISO,  282. 
Gile,  124. 
Giles.  .32.  .38,  173. 
Gill,  28,  123. 
Gillman,  124. 
Gladden,  250. 
Gleason,  201,  202,  207. 
Glover,  121. 
(Jodfray,  119. 
Golden,  282. 
Goldsmith,  22,  106,  107,  108, 

lOlt.  111. 
Gol.ltli  wait,  123. 
Goodale,  28,  122,  125. 
Goodhue,  lUi,  122,  123,  125. 
(ioodnow,  122. 
Goodrich,  20,  33,  117. 
(ioom,  178. 
(ioomnunsen,  182. 
Goss,  98. 
Got,  108. 
Gott,  107,  108,  109,  111,  112, 

115. 
GouM,    119,    120,    125,   255, 

256. 
Gove,  48, 
Gowdy,  54. 
Gowin,  111,113. 
Go  wing,  2,  3,  5,  108,  109. 
Gowinge,  KM). 
Grallon,  142. 

Granger,  184,  187,  189,  190. 
Grant,  36,  51,  120,  307. 
Graues,  162. 

Graves,  45,  60,  155.  161,  162. 
Gray,  24,90,  118,239. 
Grazier,  177. 
Greaves,  99. 
Green,  15.  32,  44,  57,  58, 117, 

125,  298,  299. 
Greene,  295. 
Greenleaf,  23, 121,  295. 


Grey,  30. 
G rover.  47. 
Grows,  117. 
Guillon,23. 
Gunnison,  35. 
Gwinn,  91. 

Ilaget,  113. 

llagett.  109,  112. 

Hale,  ()3.  205. 

Hales,  118. 

Mali.  37,  71,  117. 

Hallowoll,42,43,  45. 

ll.nnilloii,  121,  12.3,  232,  234, 

2.35.  236,  240. 
Ilammat,  2()(i. 
Hammond,  2(;,  120. 
lIanii)>on,  31. 
Hancock,  25,  43,  231. 
Hans,  25. 
Hanson,  98, 
Hani. ten,  124. 
Harden,  57,59. 
Hardv,  103,  176,  180,223. 
Harlow,  129. 
Hanick.  119. 
llaniiiiiton,  56. 
Harris,"  222. 
Hariison,  125. 
Hart.  44.  51,  .56. 
Harthoriie,21,32. 
Harwood,  23,29. 
Hasey,  .59. 
Hask.ill,120. 
Hatiiorne,  174,231. 
Haven,  57. 
Hawkes,  4(i. 
Haws,  107. 
Ilav,  Hit. 
Haves,  31,  125. 
HaVnes,  32,  182. 
H;iys,  .59. 
Hazelton,  125. 
Henderson,  122. 
Henlield,  116,  119,  121,  122, 

124. 
Henlv,  ;55. 
Herbert.  118. 
Herrick.  119. 
Herton,  118. 
Hewes,  85. 
Hevmell,  122. 
Hickling,279. 
Higgeson,  162. 
lligginsoii.  1.54,  1.55.1,56,1.58, 

161,  162,  163,  164,  167,  171, 

173,  175,  20(). 
Hill,  22,  120,  124,279. 
Hiller.  289. 
Hills,  46. 
Hinckley,  197. 
Hinds.  119. 
Hitchings,  43.  78. 
Hitchins,  37,  54,  178. 
Hobbs,  122. 
Hobby,  49. 
Hobson,95,  101,130. 
Hoflgden,  122. 
Hodges,  21.  26,  30,  .34,  35, 

93,  103,  294. 
Hodgkins,  303. 
Hodsden,  281. 


312 


INDEX  OF  NAMES, 


Hodson,  123. 

Johnson,  23,  45,  50,  .52 

,  53, 

Lear,  197. 

Hogan,ll8. 
Holbrook,  227. 

56.  119,  120,  121, 

122, 

123, 

Leath,  118. 

124,  125,  152,  160, 

179, 

187, 

Leathe,  120. 

Holland,  122. 

188,  296,  300,  301, 

304, 

306. 

Leatherland,  273. 

Holman,  123. 

Jollyffe,  274. 

Leaver,  300,  304. 

Holmes,  120,  175. 

Jones,  123. 

Leavitt,  118. 

Holm  8,  72. 

Jordan.  223, 

Lechford,  84. 

Holt,  118, 119, 121, 122, 

125. 

Josselyn,  84. 

Lee,  116. 

Homan,  65. 

Jowler,  178. 

Lefavour,  122. 

Homer,  251. 

Joyliffe,  275. 

Leonard,  120,  264. 

Hood,  118. 

Judd,  116,  250. 

Leslie,  243,  244,  245. 

Hook,  121. 

Judson,  120. 

Lester,  118. 

Hooper,  27,  56, 123, 229,295. 

Lethart.  92. 

Hopkins,  116,  203. 

Leverett,  276,  278,  279, 

280. 

Hopkinson,  307. 

Kallum,  118. 

Lewis,  54,  55,  118, 122. 

Horn,  31. 

Keen,  37. 

Lincoln,  231. 

Home,  179. 

Kehew,  27. 

Lindsley,  296. 
Liscomb,  120. 

Horsley,  299. 

Kellhara.  172. 

Horton,  27,  209,  212. 

Kelly,  118,  179. 

Livermore,  272,  274. 

Hosmer,  296. 

Kemball,  109,  111, 

112, 

113, 

Livy.  245. 

Hough,  229. 

114,  115. 

Lobdell,275. 

Houghton,  48,  49. 

Kemp,  107,  125. 

Lockhart,  21. 

House.  39,  123. 

Kempe,  106, 108. 

Lodge,  238. 

Hovey,  61,  122, 123. 

Kenny,  19,  177. 

Longeway,  36,  97. 

How,  188. 

Keyes,  58. 

Longfellow,    156,  193, 

194, 

Howard,  21,  50,  53, 106 

118, 

Kief,  117. 

196,  197. 

121. 

Kilborn,  305. 

Longhorne,  307. 

Howland,  86. 

Kilbourne,  301. 

Lord.  222,  229. 

Howlet,  220,  256. 

Kilham,  106.  107,  108. 

Loring,244.275. 

Howlett,  258. 

Killam,  107,  123. 

Lothrop,  137,  138,  139, 

140, 

Hoy,  117. 

Hubbard,  13,  83,  84,  85 

Killim,  109,  110, 

111, 

112, 

141,  142. 

,  86, 

113. 

Love,  287. 

87,  88,  89,  90,  m,  127, 

131, 

Kimball,  62,  109, 

121, 

122, 

Lovelock,  103. 

141,  142,  154.  158,  159, 

250, 

125. 

Lovett,  74,  123, 142, 176 

288,  291,  292. 

King,  26,  28,  32,  33,  79 

,  91, 

Lowell,  239. 

Hull,  271,272,  273. 

117,  118,  125,  178, 

197. 

Luscomb,  121. 125. 

Hunt,  93,  99,  117,  118, 

119, 

Kinny,  120. 

Luther,  121,  123. 

129,  130,  166. 

Kmsman,  2,55. 

Lyford,  87,  89,  90, 1.59. 

Hutcheson,  176. 

Kitchen,  116. 

Lyman,  74,  150. 

Hutchins,  53. 

Kittridge,  64. 

Lyndsey,  50. 

Hutchinson,  19, 29, 103 

119, 

Knapp,  28,  102,  180. 

269,  276. 

Knight,  33,  90,  92, 

122, 

182, 

MacCormick,  100. 

Hiiten,  108. 

255,  270,  272,  275. 

Mack,  181. 

Huttn,  113,  114. 

Knox,  66. 

Mackay,  179. 

Hutton,  106, 108, 109,  111. 

Mackey,  24,  118. 

Mackintire,  121. 

Lafavour,  118. 

MacMellan,  177. 

Inches,  291. 

Lamartine,  182. 

Madison,  238. 

Ingalls,  268. 

Lambard,  249. 

Magoun,  25,  37. 

Ingersoll,  26,  92,  100,  289. 

Lambert,  32,  35,  3" 

,38, 

103, 

Majore,  182. 

Israel,  205. 

285,  286,  289,  290, 

2^, 

293. 

Malloon,  117, 118,119. 

Ives,  35,  44,  119, 166. 

304,  3a5. 
LaMottais,  6. 

Mann,  228. 

Manning,  18,  23,  28,  93 

,  97, 

Lamson,  123, 125,258. 

100,  117,  121,  123, 124, 

125, 

Lanack,  119. 

223. 

Jacklin,  270,  271. 

Lander.  26,  94,124 

.  125 

Mansfield,  5,  22,  30,  41 

,  42, 

Jackson,  .307. 

Lane,  25.  29,  31,  39,  92 

,  94. 

43,    45,   47,    78.    116, 

117, 

Jacobs,  72. 

100,  116, 177, 178, 

180, 

181, 

118,  119,  120,121,  122, 

125. 

Jacobson,  124. 

182!        ''       ' 

Marritt,  118. 

Jaflfrey,  272,  278,  280. 

Laney,  125. 

Marsh,  38. 

Jameson,  158. 

Lang,  117,  118,  119 

120, 

123, 

Marshall,  117, 124,  235, 

287. 

Janes,  125. 

124. 

Marston,  122, 123. 

Jaques,  2.55. 

Langley,  102. 

Martin.  118,  121,  124. 

Jarson,  47. 

Larrabee,  27,  54,  102. 

Mar  yon,  269. 

Jeffers,  80, 119. 

Lathrop,  2.50,  264. 

Mascall,  121. 

Jefferson.  2:»,  234,  236, 

238. 

Latting,  116. 

Mascoll,  19,  92, 294. 

Jeffrey.  90,  176. 

Laveleye,  2.52. 

Maservey,  .37. 

Jenks,  117,  119,  122,  125 

Law,  300. 

Mason.  91, 175,  178, 179,254, 

Jennings,  123, 

Lawrence,  26. 

284,  287. 

Jerolum,  125. 

Lawrens.  117. 

Massey,21. 

Jewett,  194,  302,   303, 

305, 

Leach,  97, 102, 104 

117, 

122, 

Masters,  282,  284,  285, 

286, 

307,308. 

124. 

288. 

INDEX   OF   NAMES. 


313 


Masury,  33,  54,  95,  97,  101, 

102,  11«.  117,  182,  286. 
Mather,  87,  132, 133, 156. 
Matthews,  118. 
Maud,  270. 
Maudsley,  279. 
Maugrage,  124. 
Maxey,  112. 
Mayhew,  56. 
McClary,  196,  197. 
McEwen,  290. 
Mcliitire,  118. 
McKenzie,  181. 
Meads,  119. 
Mede,  127. 
Meeks,  119. 
Mellov,  118. 
Melvill,  123. 
Men  ill,  80,  258. 
Merritt,  124. 
Meservey,  100,  180. 
Metcalfe,  116. 
Mighill,  300,  301,  302,  304. 
Miller,  69,  107. 
Millet,  26,  120,  121, 122,  124, 

177. 
Millit,  120. 
Molton,  110. 
Monroe,  2:i8. 
Montcalm,  147, 151. 
Moody,  195, 196, 197,  203. 
Moores,  125. 
More,  174,  220. 
Morgan,  21,  124,  264. 
Morley,  213. 
Morly,  276. 
Morris,  122. 
Morrison.  16. 
Morse,  119,  122. 
Moseley,  138.  139, 140. 
Mosely,  197,  276,  279,  283. 
Moses,  18,  24. 
Mottey.  5,  6,7,  8,  9, 10,11. 
Motty,  6. 
Moufton,  106,  107,  108,  109, 

110,  111,  112, 113. 
Moiirt,  85,  155. 
Mower,  48,  49. 
Mugford,  119. 
Munroe,  53,  78. 
Munyan,  117. 
Murfy,  117. 
Murphey,  125. 
Murray,  22,  26,  36,  273,  281, 

282,  284,  285. 
Muzzey,  68. 
Myler,  118. 

Narbonne,  284. 

Nash,  229. 

Neal,  117,  118, 119, 123. 

Needham,  50,  52, 117,  123. 

Nelson,  78. 

Newell,  96,  292. 

Newhall,6,  40,  41,42,43,44, 

45,  46,  47,  48,  49,  60,  61,  62, 

53,  54,  55,  56,  57,  68,  69,  60, 

78. 
Newman,  109, 110,  111,  113, 

114, 115. 
Newton,  36, 118. 
NichaUs,  118. 


Nlcholls,  121,  122. 

Nichols,  25,  46. 

Nicholson,  21. 

Nick,  119. 

NickoUs,  119. 

Niguells,  256. 

Niniro,  118. 

Norman.  35,  90. 

Norris,  92,  123, 181. 

Northend,  196,  205,  209,  210, 

304.  307. 
Noyes,  124,  207,  280. 
Noyse,  122. 
Nurse,  32.  119. 
Nutt,  57,  60. 
Nutting,  119,  123, 125. 

Oakes,  124. 

Oakman,  36. 

Obear,  37,  100. 

Ober,  76. 

0'Brian,32. 

O'Conner,  36,  97, 101. 

Odell,  118, 125. 

Odlin,  94. 

Odysseus,  251. 

Oldham.  89. 

Oldom,  87. 

Oliver,  22,  49,  52. 

Ordway,  113. 

Ordwaye,  112. 

Orne,  6,  99,  117. 

Orr,  122. 

Osborn,  120,  124,  125. 

Osborne,  117,120,125. 

Osgood,  37.  94, 100,  122,  124, 

125,  166,  197. 
Ostrum,  92. 
Otis,  238. 

Page,  117, 123. 

Palfrav,  22,  99,  103, 104. 

Palfrey,  21,  90,  158,  167,  231. 

Palmer,  117,  124,298. 

Pappoon,  52. 

Parish,  194. 

Parker.  20,  63, 122,  270,  272, 

282,  302. 
Parkins,  214. 
Parkyns,  214. 
Parnel,25,  121. 
Parrott,  43. 
Parsons,    1,  194,  197,   211, 

229,  234,  239. 
Parton,  79. 
Patch,  106, 110. 
Pattteld,  181. 
Patten,  93. 
Patterson,   20,    28,   92,  96, 

101,  102. 
Peabody,  20,  21,  38,  51,  61, 

62,  63,  64,  65,   69,  124,  125, 

184.  188.  189,  190,  191.  229. 
Peach,  19. 
Pearson,  6. 
Peck,  19. 
Pecks,  61. 

Peele,  91, 102. 117, 176. 
Peirce,  120, 122. 
Pemberton.  117, 280. 
Penn,  269,  270,  271,  272,  273, 

278,  280,  284. 


Penniman,  123. 

Perkings,  214. 

Perkins.  6,2.5,4'>.  91,  97,117, 
123,  198,  203,  204,  205,  206, 
207,209,212,  213,  214,215, 
216,217,218,219,220,  221, 
222.  223,  224,  225,  254,  255, 
256,2,57,2.58,  259,2(50,  261, 
26-2,  263,  264,  265,  266,  267, 
268,  294,  295. 

Perley,  61,  229,  297. 

Perry,  181, 182. 

Perveare.  96. 

Peters,  35,  104. 

Peterson,  119,  120. 

Petrarch,  245. 

Plielps,  25,  120,  122. 

Philbrick.  49. 

Phillips,  48,  60,  119,  122, 
125,  197,  229,  284,  286,  287, 
288. 

Phippen,  18,  27,  31,  90,  122, 
168,  169, 170. 

Pickering,  19,  116,  120,  140, 
173,228,236,239,240. 

Picket,  118. 

Picknian,20,  29,  30,229. 

Pickworth,  122. 

Pierce,  19,  36,  93,  99,  117, 
120,  124,  125,  217,  218,  270, 
271,  272,  283,  285,  288. 

Pike,  259,261. 

Pitman,  118,  121,122. 

Plase, 171,  173. 

Plantine,  30. 

Platts,  300. 

Pliny,  246. 

Poland.  116. 

Pool,  105,  110,120,194. 

Poole,  4,  27. 

Poor,  11,  12,47,62,118. 

Poore,  64,  -297,  304. 

Pope,  49,  119,  122,  124. 

Porter,  13,  103, 125,  177,  273. 

Powlin,  113. 

Powling,  109,  111. 

Pratt,  56,  122. 

Preble,  197,  210. 

Prescott,  279. 

Preston,  37,  39,  121,  123, 
289. 

Price,  272,  274,  275. 

Prince,  6,  31,  76,  86,  92,  93, 
96,  217,  290. 

Procter,  120,  121,  123. 

Proctor,  118,  119,124. 

Proto,  118. 

Pulcifer,  177. 

Punchard.  122,  123. 

Purington,  48,  49. 

Purkins,  117. 

Putnam,  15, 120, 177. 

Quincy,  236,238. 

Radford,  122. 
Radington,  256. 
Ramsdell,  24. 
Randall,  24. 
Ranger,  271.  281. 
Rantoul,  37,  88,  75,  126, 166, 
167,  226,  243. 


HIST.   COLL. 


XIX 


20* 


314 


INDEX  OF  NAMES. 


Ravel.  121. 

Ray,  151. 

Rea,  119, 142. 

Read,  31,  96,  105,  106,  108, 

151. 
Rease,  151. 
Redington,  62,  257. 
Reed,  121, 123,  229. 
Reeves,  116, 121,  124. 
Renough,286,  289. 
Rhodes,  52. 
Rhue,  27, 36,  101,  182. 
Rice,  103, 293. 

Richards,  52, 118,  121,  122. 
Richardson.  18,   19,  21,  25, 

35,  45,  47,  57,  100,  118,  119, 

120,  121,  122,  123,   124,  125, 

290,291,295,296. 
Rider,  122. 
Ridgway,  29. 
Ring,  296. 
Ringe,  267,  268. 
Ritter,  301. 
Robbins,  34,  55. 
Roberson,66,  67. 
Robinson,  23,  44,  49,  63,  66, 

67,  77.  95,  262. 
Roby,  79. 
Rogers,  73,  95,  96,  107,  109, 

125,  143,  145,  149,  151,  191, 

297,  304,  305,  307,  308. 
Ropes,  20,  23,  102, 117,  118, 

120,  177,  289. 
Ross,  64. 

Rowell,  28,  37,  39,  122,293. 
Rowley,  125. 
Ruggles,  68,74,  14.5,  152. 
Rugles,    68,    145,  147,    148, 

150,  151,  183,  186. 
Ruloflf,  121. 
Rust,  100,  118, 176. 

Sabteh,  38. 

Sacks.  71. 

Saflford,  118.  119, 120. 

Sage,  96. 

Sale,  278,  279,  280. 

Salter,  282. 

Saltmarsh,  119. 

Saltonstall,  80, 160. 

Sargeant,  .57. 

Sargent,  65,  194.  221.  258  . 

Saunders,  116,  119,  125,  176. 

Sauward,  91. 

Savage,   140,  270,  272,  280, 

287,  298. 
Sawyer,  121. 
Scaliy,  117. 
Scarlet,  175. 
Schetswell.  .37. 
Schyler,  72.  143,  152. 
Scot,  30. 
Scott,  301,  307. 
Sealand,  55. 
Searle,  12, 13,  36. 
Sears,  207. 
Seaver,  59. 

Seccomb,  117,  121,  123. 
Sedgewick.  280. 
Sedgwick,  142. 
Sewall,  15,  193, 195,269,279, 

280. 


Sewil,  119. 

Shatherm,  117. 

Shaw,  65, 93, 125. 

Shay,  197. 

Siiedd,  283. 

Sheflfeild,  81,  82. 

Sheldar8,66  . 

Sheldon,  22. 

Shelley,  16. 

Shepard,  122. 

Shepord,  67,  188,  190. 

Shepperd,  299. 

Sherman,  120,  270. 

Shillaber,  48, 117. 

Shipely,  106, 108. 

Shirley,  83. 

Shirtleff,  40,  41. 

Short,  123. 

Shovey,  125. 

Shreve,  122, 123. 

Silsbee,  19,  20,  26,30,  31, 92, 

93,96. 
Silver,  121. 
Silvester,  58. 
Singleton,  106. 
Sisson, 52. 
Skelton,  161. 

Skerry,  27,  28,  35, 104, 122. 
Sleuman,  123,  179. 
Slewman,  116, 125. 
Sloacum,  101. 
Sluman,  124. 
Smethers,  117. 
Smith,  18.  20,  28,  40,  41,  84, 

85.  105,  116,  117,  118,  122, 

123,  124,  125,  130,  176,  179, 

265,  303. 
Snethen,  121. 
Snoop,  117, 
Soolard,  109,  111,  113. 
Soudan,  55. 

Southward,  25, 102, 119, 282. 
So  ward,  123. 
Spalding,  124,  203,  205. 
Sparhawk,  2,  3,  4,  5. 
Sparks,  264. 
Spaulding.  107. 
Spencer,  122,  294. 
Spicer,  276. 
Spoldinge,  107,  108. 
Sprague,  57,  60,  219. 
Squires,  117. 
Stacey, 123. 
Stacker,  125. 
Standish,  85,  86. 
Standley,  121. 
Standon,  91. 
Stanford,  268. 
Stanifoj-d,  300. 
Starbu<5k,  174. 
Starr,  16. 
St.  Clair,  141. 
Stearns,  100,  181. 
Stedman,  124. 
Stephens,  116, 117, 124. 
Stetson,  61. 
Stevens,  194,  290,  294,  295, 

296. 
Stevenson,  123. 
Steward,  116,  121. 
Stewart,  302,  303. 
Stickney,  97, 124,  305. 


Stfmpson,  121. 

Stivers,  179. 

Stocker,  45,  46,  56. 

Stoddard,  283. 

Stoddart,  38. 

Stone,  20,  28, 33,  94, 104, 117, 

118,  123. 
Storrs,  78. 
Story,  166,  239. 
Stowley,  117. 
Strout,  294. 
Stubbs,  118. 
Studs,  73. 
Sturgis,  280. 
Sullivan,  36, 197. 
Sutton,  79. 
Swan,  298. 
Swasey,  S5,  .36, 123. 
Sweetser,  78,  123. 
Swett,21. 

Symonds,  2.5,  28,  117,  118, 

119,  120,  121,  122, 123. 

Tacitus,  154,  171. 

Talbot,  32. 

Tapley,  116. 

Tarbox,  121. 

Tare,  270. 

Taylor,  66. 

Teague,  27. 

Tenney,  197,  299,  .301,  302, 

307. 
Thayer,  270,  271,  272,  274, 

278,  279,  280. 
Thissel,  76. 

Thomas,  26,  27,  118, 119. 
Tiiompson,  44,  122. 
Thorndike.  77,  121,  229,  239. 
Thornlon,  84,  85,  89,  90, 157, 

172. 
Timothy,  91. 
Todd,  304. 
Tout,  188. 
Town,  119,  256. 
Towne,  122,  123,  258. 
Townsend,  4,  5,  30, 120, 269, 

270,  271,  272,  273,  274,  275, 

276,  277,  278.  279,  280,  281, 

282,  283,  284,  285,  286,  287, 

288,  289,  290,  291,  292,  293, 

294,  295,  296. 
Townshend,  148. 
Tozzer,  20,  34,  92. 
Trant,  119. 
Trask,  58,  103,  121,  170, 176, 

177. 
Traske,  90,  219. 
Treat,  140. 
Tripp,  20. 
Truelove,  273. 
Trumble,  299. 
Trumbul,  118. 
Trumbull,  83.  84. 
Tuck,  75,  116. 
Tucker,  117,  119,  120,   122, 

123,  125,  291,  293. 
Tuffts.  119. 
Tufts,  119. 
Tuksberry,  117. 
Tunison,  124. 
Turner,  103,  288. 
Tuttle,  119,  123,  124. 


INDEX  OF   NAMES. 


315 


Twist.  122. 
Tyler,  6.S,  W. 
Tylly,  84,  90. 

Uezelton,  110. 

Upham,  47, 1(>8, 169, 170, 243. 

245. 
Upton,  18,  2.3,  30,  119,  122. 

124,  294.  295. 
Useltoii,  109. 
Utley,  117. 

Valpy,  .3.1.  122,  124. 

Varnuni,  62. 

Vent,  12.=). 

Verv,  118,  119,  120,  121,  122. 

124,125,291. 
Vial,  4G. 
Vickar8,275. 
Vickers.  281. 
Vi(;kre,  275. 
Vincent,  19,  118,  180. 
Vinton,  79,291.  295,296. 

Wade,  2fi4. 

Wads  worth,  124.279. 

Wainwrifflit,  214,  2.5,5.  267. 

Wait,  79,  120,  125,  179. 

Waite,  125. 

Walcnt,  118. 

Wahlerne,  109,  112,  113. 

Waldinge,  108. 

Waldroii.  107. 

Walker.  47, 124, 1.33, 18G,  188, 

liK),  300. 
Wallace,  22,  174. 
Wallis,  258. 
Ward,  22.  25,  26.  :W,  .38.  93, 

95,98,118,119.120,121,124, 

197,29:{,294. 
Ware,  G. 
Warner.  290. 
Warren.  119.  174. 
Washburn,  57. 
Washington,  197,  231,  232, 

2:i5. 
Waters, 92. 103, 121, 124, 180, 

214,  2G9,  293.  29G. 
Watson,  19,  305. 


Watts,  18,  280. 

Wav,  271,272,  274,  279. 

Waviand.  78. 

Webb,  19,  22,  24,  32,  96,  120, 

122. 
Webster,  125,  228. 
Wedger.  21. 
Welch.  119. 
Welcome,  .32,  35,  103,  273, 

281,  282,  284,  285. 
Weld,  122. 
Wellman,  5,  124. 
Wells.  27.  32.  264. 
Welnian,  25,  94, 100, 103, 121, 

180. 
We.^t,  76,  77,  122,  124,  132, 

2.55. 
Wheatland,  245. 
Wheeler.  123. 
Wheelock,G5. 
Wheildon.  83. 
Wheler,  187. 
Whelock,  192. 
Whetconib,  280. 
Whetcombe.  280. 
Whii)ple,  179,  262 
Wliite,  24,  .33,  8.3,  88,  90,  102, 

101,  112.  115,  117,  124,  12.5, 

1.53,  157,  1.58,  1.59,  161,220, 

229.  286.  289,  292.  296. 
VVhitefoot.  34.38. 
Whileings,  1.50. 
Whiten.  18.3,  186. 
Whitens,  148,  1.50. 
Whitford.  21.  22,  28. 
Whitmore,  214. 
Whitredge,  291. 
Whitte,  109. 
Whittenioie,  33,  35,  39,  95, 

100.  121.  123. 
Whittcn,  18<). 
Whittiek,  120. 
Whitwell,  99. 
Wiat.  305. 
VVibert,  117. 
Wiconi,  .302,  307. 
Wilbur.  79. 
Wilkit.  65. 
VVillard,6;),72,  145,150,152, 

186,  188,  284. 


Willcock.  249. 

VVilM.  2.56. 

Williams,  21.. 51,  64,84,  101, 

118.   119,120,  121,  124,  12.5, 

176,  217,  244,  280,  283,  284, 

286,  287.  289,  .307. 
Williard.G3,  68,  69,  150. 
Willick.  34. 
Willis,  79. 
Wills()n.244. 
Willvs,  2<i9. 
Wilson.  120,  121,  123. 
Wing,  49. 
Winn.  179. 
Winshi|).  54. 
Winsl(>\v,><l,86,  1.55. 
Winsor,  2I(;. 
Wintlii-o|).  160.  161,219,225. 

231,272,  27!t,  280.  288. 
Woicott.  16. 
Wolle.  147,151,  152,  18:},  184, 

187,  188,  l;t2. 
Wood.  .58.61,  62.63.64.  66, 

68.  70,  72,  74,  84,  90,  14.3, 

144,  146.  118,  150.  1.52.  164, 

1(15.  \f<:l  181,  186,  188,  190, 

li)2,  205.  .300. 
W.xxlberry.  33,  75,  76,  137, 

112,  167. 
Wooill.ury,  89,  90,  118,125, 

248.  300. 
Woodhull.  94. 
Woodman,  36,  117,  125,  298. 
Woolcot,  276. 
Woolland,  282,  2.S.5. 
Woicester.  G.  .303. 
Woster.  119,  1.50. 
Wright,  18.  .30,  123. 
Wrighter,  124. 
Wyatt,  94,  305. 
Wyman,  .56,  120. 
Wynn,  119. 


Yell,  100. 

Yongs,  106. 

Young,  30.  87,  88,  90.  119, 
1.53,  154,  1.55,  1.56,  157,  1.58, 
159,  161,  162,  IW,  165. 


I 


ESSEX   INSTITUTE 


HISTORICAL  COLLECTIONS. 


VOLUME  XX. 


SALEM,  MASS. : 

PRINTED   FOR  THE   ESSEX   INSTITUTE. 
1883. 


PRINTED  AT 

THE  SALEM  PRESS, 

SALEM,  MASS. 


1 


CONTENTS. 


Parts  i,  ii,  hi. 

A  Note  on  the  Authenticity  of  the  Portraits  of  Gov.  Endecott, 

by  RoBEKT  S.  Kantoul, 1 

The  Perkins  Family  (continued), 19 

Sketch  of  the  Family  of  Thomas  Townsend  of  Lynn,  compiled 

by  Henry  F.  Waters, 37 

Joseph  Townsend  of  Boston, 46 

A  few  English  Notes  relating  to  the  Name  of  Townsend,  .         49 

Salem  Meadows,  Woodland,  and  Town  Neck,  by  Herbert  B. 

Adams, 52 

Early  Settlers  of  Rowley  (continued), G3 

A  notice  of  Charles  Davis,  Librarian  of  the  Essex  Institute, 

1865-1868, 73 

A  Postscript  to  the  Article  on  Gov.  Endecott's  Portraits,  .        78 

Extracts  from  the  Town  Records  of  Wenham,   Mass.     (con- 
tinued),   79 


Parts  iv,  v,  vi. 

James  Osborne  Safford,  Member  of  the  Finance  Committee  of 
the  Essex  Institute  from  1874  to  1883.  A  sketch  read  at 
the  annual  meeting,  May,  1883,  by  Robert  S.  Rantoul,        81 

The  Perkins  Family  (continued), 93 

(iii) 


iv  CONTENTS. 

A-ngustus  Story,  a  Memorial  Paper  read  before  the  Essex  Insti- 
tute, May  U,  1883,  by  Charles  T.  Brooks,         .        .        .115 

Extracts  from  the  Town    Records  of  Wenham,   Mass.    (con- 
tinued), .        . 138 

Early  Settlers  of  Rowley  (continued), 147 

Lemuel  Wood's  Journal  (continued), 156 

Parts  vii,  viii,  ix. 

The  Great  Pastures  of  Salem,  by  Herbert  B.  Adams,        .        ,      161 

The  Perkins  Family  (continued), 180 

Lemuel  Wood's  Journal  (continued), 198 

Dr.  Bentley's  East  Parish  Deaths ;  Some  Notes  and  Correctixsns, 

communicated  by  J.  A.  Emmerton,  M.D.,  .        .        .      209 

Early  Settlers  of  Rowley  (continued), 215 

Inscriptions  from  Gravestones  in  the  Old  Burying  Grouod  in 

Wenham^  copied  by  Wellington  Pool,        ....      232 


Parts  x,  xi,  xu. 

Memoir  of  Oliver  Carlton,  by  Leverett  Saltonstall,       ,        .      241 

The  Perkins  Family  (continued), 252 

Inscriptions  from  the  Old  Burying  Ground,  Lynn,  Mass.,  copied 

by  John  T.  Moulton,  273 

Lemuel  Wood's  Journal  (continued), 289 

Inscriptions  from  the  Old  Burying  Ground  in  Wenham  (con- 
tinued),   297 


HISTORICAL   COLLECTIONS 


ESSEX  INSTITUTE. 

Vol.  XX.       Jan.,  Feb.,  Mar,,  1883.       Nos.  1,  2,  3. 

A  NOTE 

ON  THE  AUTHENTICITY  OF  THE  PORTRAITS  OF 

GOV.  ENDECOTT. 


BY    ROBERT    S.    RANTOUL. 


Two  paintings  of  Governor  Endecott  hang  on  the  walls 
of  Plummer  Hall.  Besides  these,  there  are,  in  the  Senate 
Chamber  at  Boston,  one ;  at  the  residence  of  Wm.  P. 
Endicott,  Esq.,  of  Salem,  two;  at  the  rooms  of  the  An- 
tiquarian Society  at  Worcester,  two  ;  and  one  at  the  rooms 
of  the  Massachusetts  Historical  Society  at  Boston.  No 
others  are  known  to  exist. 

In  a  letter  to  the  president  of  the  American  Antiquarian 
Society  dated  at  Salem,  Oct.  16,  1873,  announcing  the 
gift  of  "  a  copy  of  the  portrait  of  John  Endecott,"  the 
Hon.  William  C.  Endicott,  associate  justice  of  our  Supreme 
Judicial  Court,  said, —  "It  was  painted  by  Mr.  Southward 
of  Salem,  from  the  original  portrait,  now  in  the  possession 
of  my  father,  William  P.  Endicott,  of  Salem.  The  original 
descended  to  him,  as  the  oldest  son  of  the  oldest  son,  direct 
from  the  Governor,  together  with  the  sword  with  which 

HIST.    COLL.  ZX  X  (1) 


2  PORTRAITS   OF   GOV.    ENDECOTT. 

the  cross  was  cut  from  the  Khig's  colors,  and  other  heir- 
looms." 

William  P.  Endicott,  Esq.,  the  father  of  Judge  Endicott, 
took  this  picture  from  his  father,  Capt.  Samuel  Endicott 
of  Salem,  who  died  here  Apr.  30,  1828.  Between  1821 
and  1828,  Capt.  Endicott  presented  a  copy,  by  Frothing- 
ham,  of  this  same  picture  to  the  East  India  Marine  Society 
of  which  he  was  a  member.  Capt.  Samuel  Endicott  was  the 
eldest  child  of  John,  who  died  Mar.  11,  1816,  at  his  resi- 
dence on  the  "  Orchard  Farm"  granted  by  Massachusetts 
to  Gov.  John  Endecott,  July  3,  1632,  and  was  fifty-three 
years  of  age  at  the  time  of  his  father's  death. 

His  father  John  Endicott,  of  the  sixth  generation  from 
the  Governor,  was  the  eldest  child  of  John,  who  died  May 
1,  1783,  at  the  "Orchard  Farm,"  and  was  forty-four  years 
of  age  at  the  time  of  his  father's  death. 

John  Endecott  last  named,  of  the  fifth  generation,  was 
the  eldest  child  of  Capt.  Samuel,  who  died  at  the  "Orchard 
Farm,"  May  7,  1766,  and  was  fifty-three  years  of  age  at 
the  time  of  his  father's  death. 

Capt.  Samuel  Endecott  of  the  fourth  generation,  was 
the  eldest  child  of  Samuel,  who  died  in  1694,  when  his  son 
was  but  seven  years  old,  and  was,  from  his  fifty-first  to  his 
seventy-ninth  year,  the  only  male  heir  of  Governor  Ende- 
cott of  that  generation  in  New  England. 

Samuel  Endecott,  of  the  third  generation,  was  the  second 
child  (his  elder  brother.  Dr.  John,  residing  and  dying  in 
England)  of  Dr.  Zerobabel,  who  died  in  1684,  and  was 
twenty-five  years  of  age  at  the  time  of  his  father's  death. 

In  a  division  of  the  Orchard  Farm,  March  26,  1691,  he 
took  the  north  side,  with  the  Governor's  homestead. 

Dr.  Zerobabel  Endecott,  second  child  of  Gov.  John 
Endecott,  took  the  whole  of  the  Orchard  Farm  to  himself 
and  his  heirs  under  the  terms  of  his  father's  will,  his  elder 
brother,  John,  who  lived  in  Boston,  dying  two  years  after 


PORTRAITS   OF   GOV.    ENDECOTT.  3 

the  Governor,  and  without  issue.  He  resided  in  Salem, 
and  was  thirty  years  old  at  the  time  of  the  Governor's 
death.  Governor  Endecott  removed  his  residence  from 
Salem  to  Boston  in  1655,  made  his  will  the  second  day  "of 
y^  third  moneth  called  May,  1659,"  and  died  at  Boston, 
March  15,  1665.  No  picture  of  Governor  Endecott  is 
mentioned  in  the  will  of  the  Governor  nor  of  any  of  his 
male  descendants  nor  in  the  inventory  of  any  person  bear- 
ing the  name  of  Endicott. 

Judge  Endicott,  further  says  of  the  original,  in  the  let- 
ter above  quoted  ;  "  It  was  painted  in  1665,  the  year  of  the 
Governor's  death,"  but  cites  no  authority  except  family 
tradition.  The  continuity  of  the  tradition  is,  perhaps,  as 
well  made  out  as  such  a  chain  of  evidence  can  be.  The 
Orchard  Farm  was  held  by  the  Endicott  family  under  the 
original  grant  from  1632  until  1828.  It  was,  as  late  as 
March  11,  1816,  in  the  occupancy  and  improvement  of 
descendants  of  the  Governor,  so  far  as  appears  of  record, 
with  the  exception  of  a  few  years  at  the  end  of  the  seven- 
teenth century  when  it  was  appraised,  March  4,  1696-7, 
as  "in  the  Tenure  and  Occupation  off  Walter  Phillips," 
who  was  paying  rent  for  it  as  late  as  1699. 

If  the  painting  in  question  was  executed  in  1664-5,  it 
was  not  in  existence  when  the  Governor  made  his  will,  and 
it  was  executed  during  his  residence  in  Boston.  Proba- 
bilities are  a  poor  reliance  in  such  matters,  yet  we  have  no 
other.  The  earliest  record  of  a  portrait  painter  in  Boston 
bears  date  two  years  later,  and  occurs  in  Mather's  Magnalia, 
where  we  read.  Book  III,  Chap,  iii,  in  the  life  of  Mr.  John 
Wilson,  who  died  Aug.  7,  1667,  "Mr.  Ed.  Eawson,  the 
Honored  Secretary  of  the  Massachusetts  Colony,  could 
not  by  all  his  Intreaties  persvvade  him  to  let  his  Picture  be 
drawn  ;  but  still  refusing  it,  he  would  reply,  *What !  such 
a  poor,  vile  Creature  as  I  am  I  shall  my  Picture  be  drawn  ? 
I  say.  No ;   it  never  shall !'   And  when  that  Gentleman 


4  PORTRAITS   OF   GOV.    ENDECOTT. 

introduced  the  Limner,  with  all  things  ready,  vehemently 
importuning  him,  to  gratifie  so  far  the  desires  of  his 
friends  as  to  sit  a  while,  for  the  taking  of  his  Effigies,  no 
Importunity  could  ever  obtain  it  from  him."  Here  was  a 
"  Limner  with  all  things  ready"  in  Boston  two  years  after 
the  death  of  Endecott,  or  earlier.  He  may  have  been 
here  some  years  before.  He  may  have  been  "  Tom  Child, 
the  Painter,"  who,  Se wall's  Diary  says,  died  in  Boston, 
Nov"^  10,  1706.  But  where  are  other  works  of  his  as 
strong  as  the  Endecott  picture  ? 

Mr.  Edward  Bawson  was  closely  associated  with  the 
person  of  the  Chief  Magistrate  in  responsible  positions 
from  1645,  until  long  alter  Governor  Endecott's  death. 
If  he  "introduced  the  Limner"  to  his  kinsman  John  Wilson, 
in  1667,  or  before,  he  may  have  introduced  the  same 
Limner  to  his  friend  and  patron,  John  Endecott,  two 
years  earlier,  and  he  may  have  secured  a  likeness  of  that 
worthy  for  the  Colony  of  which  he  was  a  founder,  to  hang 
in  the  new  "  Hall  over  the  Market  place"  which  was  built 
just  after  his  removal  to  Boston,  in  which  he  sat  officially 
with  Rawson  beside  him,  and  where  John  Adams  found 
one  hanging  in  1766. 

It  is  only  necessary,  and  it  is  certainly  easy,  to  assume 
that  this  picture  or  a  copy  of  it  got  from  Boston  to  the 
"  Orchard  Farm"  in  some  unexplained  way,  probably  after 
the  death  of  the  eldest  son.  Dr.  John,  in  Boston,  since  it 
was  found  there  at  the  beginning  of  the  present  century. 
The  wife  of  John  Endecott,  of  the  fifth  generation  from 
the  Governor,  was  Elizabeth  Jacobs,  who  married  him 
May  18,  1738,  when  he  was  twenty-five  years  old,  lived 
with  him  until  his  death  at  the  age  of  seventy,  and  survived 
him  until  1809,  when  she  died,  Aug.  9,  at  the  age  of 
ninety-one.  A  woman  of  marked  character,  she  furnishes 
a  strong  link  in  the  chain  of  evidence. 

Capt.  Samuel  Endecott  of  the  fourth  generation  from 


PORTRAITS   OF  GOV.    ENDECOTT.  5 

the  Governor,  was  the  father  of  John  last  named.  He 
was  born  Aug.  30,  1687,  twenty-two  years  only  after 
the  Governor's  death.  Of  his  paternal  uncles,  grandsons 
of  the  Governor,  Zerol)ahel  was  living  in  1706,  Benjamin 
in  1735,  and  Joseph  in  1747,  and  Anna,  the  widow  of  his 
uncle  John,  lived  until  1720.  Such  were  his  means  of 
knowing  and  perpetuating  the  family  traditions.  He  lived 
"usefull  and  respected,"  for  seventy-nine  years,  and  died 
May  7,  1766.  He  was  twenty-six  years  old  when  his  eld- 
est child,  John,  was  horn,  and  lived  to  impart  whatever 
he  knew  of  the  Governor  and  his  times  to  ten  children  and 
a  score  or  two  of  grandchildren,  who  reached  maturity 
before  his  death,  and  notably  to  his  youngest  child,  Ruth, 
who  was  twenty-seven  years  old  when  he  died,  and  who  died 
in  1828,  at  the  age  of  89. 

The  mother  of  John  last  named,  and  of  the  fifth  gener- 
ation, was  Anna,  eldest  daughter  and  second  child  of  Dr. 
John  Endecott  (son  of  Dr.  Zerobabel  and  grandson  of  the 
Governor)  who  was  married  to  Capt.  Samuel,  Dec'r  20, 
1711.  These  two  persons,  the  father  and  mother  of  John, 
were  first  cousins,  grandchildren  of  Dr.  Zerobabel  Ende- 
cott, and  gi'eat  grandchildren  of  the  Governor.  To  what 
they  knew  and  imparted  to  their  son  John,  we  have  lately 
living  witnesses  in  the  persons  of  John's  widow,  Elizabeth 
Jacobs  Endecott,  who  died  in  1809,  and  of  John's  young- 
est sister,  Ruth,  who  died  in  1828. 

Timothy  Endicott  of  Sterling  died  Sept.  20,  1865,  aged 
80,  and  his  widow,  April  17,  1871,  aged  83.  He  was  the 
youngest  child  of  John  of  the  sixth  generation,  who  was 
the  eldest  child  of  John  of  the  fifth.  John  Endicott  of 
the  sixth  generation  married  Martha  Putnam  who  died 
Sept.  3,  1821,  at  the  age  of  79,  and  she  was  the  mother 
of  Timothy.  In  1763,  the  year  of  her  marriage,  she  visited 
the  "Orchard  Farm,"  in  company  with  her  husband's 
father,  John  Endecott,  of  the  fifth  generation  from  the 


6  PORTRAITS   OP  GOV.   ENDECOTT. 

Governor,  who  was  fifty  years  old  at  that  time,  and  sur- 
vived her  marriage  twenty  years.  Few  family  traditions 
can  be  better  entitled  to  credit  than  that  of  the  Endicott 
family. 

The  Essex  Institute  is  indebted  to  the  Massachusetts 
Historical  Society  for  permission  to  copy  from  its  files  the 
following  letter  of  Dr.  William  Bentley,  to  John  Adams, 
never  before  printed  and  bearing  directly  upon  the  matter 
in  hand. 

"  To  John  Adams,  the  late  President  of  the  United  States, 
Salem,  10  Oct.,  1809. 

Sir :  Last  evening  I  received  with  great  pleasure  your 
request  for  an  exphuiation  of  a  note  left  at  Quincy. 

Having  been  in  the  habit  for  many  years  of  receiving 
from  Mr.  Endicott  a  portion  of  the  Endicot  Pears,  and 
being  desirous  to  honor  the  man  who  above  all  others 
deserved  the  name  of  Father  of  New  England,  I  concluded, 
in  passing,  I  should  be  accepted,  if  in  the  reverence  of 
my  heart,  I  paid  my  respects  and  gave  the  highest  expres- 
sion in  my  power.  That  the  information  I  gave  in  the 
note  is  correct,  I  have  no  doubt  after  an  examination  of 
many  years.  The  substance  of  the  evidence  is  that  the 
tree  is  near  the  site  of  the  first  mansion  of  the  Governour, 
&  the  land  &  tree  have  been  always  &  now  are  the  property 
of  his  direct  heirs,  being  now  in  possession  of  Mr.  John 
Endicott,  nearly  fourscore  years  of  age  and  of  the  sixth 
generation.  To  ascertain  its  age,  near  it  stood  a  Dial  which 
was  fixed  upon  a  pedestal  which  the  Governor  said  bore  the 
age  of  the  Tree.  That  Dial  has  been  for  years  in  my  pos- 
session. \_It  is  now  in  possession  of  the  Essex  Institute, 
Eds.]  It  is  in  copper,  square,  horizontal,  3  inches,  a 
very  fair  impression,  &  in  the  highest  order.  It  was 
marked  "William  Bowyer,  London,  Clockmaker,  fecit." 
"I.   1630  E."  the  Initials  of  the  Governor's  name.    On 


PORTRAITS    OF   GOV.    ENDECOTT.  7 

the   Gnomon,   on  one   side  "Lat.   42"  &  on   the   other 
Salem." 

In  August  last,  Aug.  8,  1809,  died  Elizabeth  Endicott, 
aged  91,  &  her  Brother,  born  in  1711,  is  still  living. 
Her  family  had  grants  at  the  same  time  with  Gov  :  Endicott. 
The  persons  known  to  me  knew  those  who  knew  Gov : 
Endicott.  The  consent  leaves  no  doubt  in  my  mind. 
Gov  :  Endicott  came  to  Salem  in  1728.  [Error  for  1628; 
Eds.]  His  farm  still  retains  his  name.  Opposite  to  him, 
the  King's  Forester,  Mr.  Rial,  was  ordered  to  settle  & 
the  name,  "Rial's  side,"  is  still  retained.  In  1732  \_Error 
for  1632;  Eds.]  Gov:  Endicott  secured  his  title  to  his 
Lands  from  the  Colonial  Government.  I  will  transcribe 
the  confirmation  of  the  Grant  of  the  Homestead,  so  called. 

'At  a  Court  holden  at  Boston,  July  3,  1632.  There 
is  a  Neck  of  Land,  lying  about  three  miles  from  Salem, 
containing  about  300  acres  of  Land,  granted  to  Capt. 
John  Endicott,  to  enjoy  to  him  &  his  heirs  forever;  called 
in  the  Indian  tongue 

Wahgquamesuck, 
in   English,  Birchwood,  bounded  on    the    Southern  side 
with  a  river  called  in  the  Indian  tongue 

LOCWAMAPIMISSET, 

commonly  called  the  "  Cow  House  River ;"  bounded  on 
the  North  side  with  a  river  called  in  the  Indian  tongue 

CONAMATSQNOONCANT, 

commonly  called  the  "  Duck  River ;"  bounded  on  the 
east  with  a  river  leading  up  to  the  former  rivers  which 
is  called  in  the  Indian  tongue 

Orkhussant, 
otherwise   known    by   the    name   of  Woolston    River, 
bounded  on  the  west  by  the  main  Land.'     This  is  The 
Farm^ 


8  PORTRAITS   OF  GOV.    ENDECOTT. 

In  1796,  I  visited  tbe  Gov.'s  Farm  with  an  Italian 
painter,  with  the  purpose  of  taking  from  the  Original 
painting  of  the  Gov :  a  likeness,  as  the  family  picture, 
three  quarters  length,  was  in  the  family  apartment  &  nearly 
defaced ,  &  at  that  time  I  made  the  following  remarks  upon 
what  I  saw  &  heard,  &  I  transmit  them  as  they  stand  in 
my  Day  Book. 

*In  searching  for  the  Site  of  the  Gov:  Mansion,  we 
found  that  the  house  was  gone  before  the  memory  of  any 
person  now  living — the  present  house  being  upon  higher 
ground,  northwardly.  The  place  of  the  Cellar  is  distinctly 
to  be  seen.  It  is  upon  the  descent  of  a  conical  hill,  facing 
southwardly.  Behind  it,  the  family  say,  was  a  Building 
for  the  family  servants,  &  for  domestic  labors,  the  place 
of  which  is  now  to  be  seen.  There  is  a  fine  prospect  in 
front  and  a  gentle  descent  to  a  small  creek  in  which  the 
Gov  :  kept  his  shallop.  Tradition  says  there  was  a  walk 
to  this  landing  place,  covered  with  trees  &  grape-vines  so 
thick  that  a  person  might  pass  unobserved.  This  place 
was  called  the  Govs :  Orchard,  of  which  only  one  tree  is 
left  &  that  near  the  House.  It  now  bears  the  name  of  the 
Endicott  Pear,  but  in  the  family,  the  Sugar  Pear,  &  this 
is  the  tree  that  stood  not  far  behind  the  Dial  &  has  its  age 
reported  from  it.  It  is  in  front  of  the  Site  of  the  House 
&  rises  in  three  trunks  from  the  Ground,  &  is  considerably 
high.  It  is  much  decayed  within  at  bottom ;  which  gives 
it  the  appearance  of  three  trunks,  but  the  branches  at  top 
are  sound.' 

[Here  follows  a  discussion  on  the  natural  history  of  the 
pear,  with  the  statement  that  it  lives  a  thousand  years  and 
that  the  apple  is  often  ingrafted  on  it  to  profit  by  its  dura- 
bility.    Eds.] 

I  have  been  very  desirous  of  preserving  the  Good  & 
Great  men  of  Massachusetts  &  of  our  Country  as  well  as 


PORTRAITS   OF   GOV.    ENDECOTT.  9 

men  eminent  among  us.  If  at  any  time  my  friends  could 
discover  to  me  any  portraits  of  such  persons  I  have  been 
much  indebted  to  them. 

I  have  the  four  patriotic  Old  Charter  Governours — 

Endicot,  Winthrop,  Leverett  &  Bradstreet : 
The  Mass.  fathers  of  our  Independance  — 

John  Adams,  S.  Adams,  Hancock : 
The  ministers  of  Salem,  Higginson,  Cur  wen,  &  also  H. 
Peters  —  of  Boston  &  the  vicinity  the  four  Mathers  &  some 
late  persons. 

M""  Curvven,  the  First  Eminent  Merchant  of  Salem,  & 
Master  of  Horse.  .  .  .  The  Four  Presidents,  &c.  &  above 
1000  engravings.  The  portraits  of  the  Seventeenth  Cen- 
tury are  of  high  value  if  they  regard  Massachusetts. 

With  every  sentiment  of  personal  respect  &  with  the 
ardour  of  national  affection,  I  am,  Sir,  your  devoted  Serv'. 

William  Bentley." 

Dr.  Bentley  was  much  interested  in  the  Governor's  his- 
tory, and  in  the  Endicott  pear-tree  and  "Orchard  Farm," 
and  well  acquainted  Avith  members  of  the  family.  At  his 
death,  Dec'r.  29, 1819,  he  left  among  his  Paintings,  a  copy 
of  this  picture  of  Governor  Endecott,  now  in  possession 
of  the  Antiquarian  Society,  the  canvas  measuring  about 
two  by  two  and  a  half  feet.  It  shows  the  skull-cap  ;  white 
collar  and  cuffs;  glove  in  the  right  hand,  but  no  finger- 
ring;  and  gray  hair,  chin  tuft,  and  mustache.  The  can- 
vas gives  no  account  of  its  date  or  origin. 

Two  other  copies  of  this  original  picture  are  known  to 
exist.  One  of  them,  by  Frothingham,  who  painted  here 
between  1820  and  1830,  hangs  near  the  old  painting,  at 
the  residence  of  Wm.  P.  Endicott,  Esq.  The  other,  on 
panel,  by  the  same  artist,  was  presented  to  the  East 
India  Marine  Society  by  the  late  Capt.  Samuel  Endicott 

H18T.   COLL.  XX  1* 


10  PORTRAITS   OP   GOV.    ENDECOTT. 

not  long  before  his  death  in  1828,   and  now  hangs  in 
Plummer  Hall. 

In  both  these  copies,  Frothingham,  who  has  been  fol- 
lowed by  the  engravers  and  lithographers,  has  rounded 
out  and  tinted  up  the  features,  but  not  to  the  extent  of 
impairing  the  likeness,  and  has  added  a  background  of 
drapery  and  architecture,  not  to  be  found  in  the  original 
from  which  he  copied. 

The  original  of  these  pictures,  to  which  Judge  Endicott 
alludes  in  his  communication,  has  no  lettering  whatever 
about  it.  It  bears  the  marks  of  being  a  likeness  and  is 
strongly  drawn,  though  by  no  means  indicating  the  hand 
of  a  master.  It  may  be,  if  painted  in  1664-5,  the  work 
of  Thomas  Child,  or  of  one  of  those  English  artists  who 
at  an  early  period  made  flj^ing  visits  to  the  colonies  for  the 
painting  of  portraits.  It  is  the  picture  of  a  gray-haired 
and  gray-bearded  old  man,  such  as  the  Governor  should 
have  been  at  the  age  of  seventy-six,  and  has  the  familiar 
skull-cap,  collar,  glove  and  ring  which  have  been  re- 
produced in  all  the  engravings  and  lithographs,  but  has 
none  of  the  architecture  and  drapery.  Indeed  the  com- 
mon fire-board  and  scrubbing-brush  experiences  of  such 
neglected  old  bits  of  canvas,  after  time  and  grime  have 
disguised  their  identity,  had,  when  Frothingham  copied 
this  picture,  nearly  destroyed  the  background,  without, 
however,  impairing  the  tints  or  outlines  of  the  lighter 
parts.  Thus  the  face  and  hand  survived,  and,  in  1843, 
Mr.  Chas.  Osgood  found  it  possible  to  carefully  restore 
the  darker  shades. 

So  much  is  known  of  that  class  of  paintings  of  Gov- 
ernor Endecott  which  naturally  groups  itself  about  the 
"family  picture"  or  "original  portrait,"  as  Dr.  Bent- 
ley  and  Judge  Endicott  have  called  it,  being  either 
known  or  probable  copies  thereof,  namely,  the  copies  by 
Frothingham,  one  of  which  is  in  Plummer  Hall  and  the 


PORTRAITS   OF  GOV.    ENDECOTT.  11 

other  in  possession  of  Wm.  P.  Endicott,  Esq.  ;  a  copy  by 
Southward  in  possession  of  the  American  Antiquarian 
Society  at  Worcester,  and  the  presumed  copy  which  the 
Antiquarian  Society  received  from  Dr.  Bentley.  These 
share  with  the  original  whatever  stamp  of  authenticity  a 
well-established  family  tradition  is  able  to  impart.  We 
have  now  to  consider  another  group  of  these  pictures, 
fortunately  identical  in  the  cast  of  face  portrayed,  but 
differing  from  the  first  in  details  of  treatment.  Among 
themselves  they  may  be  found  to  have  some  common  char- 
acteristics. 

The  earliest  record  of  a  painting  of  Governor  Endecott, 
known  to  me,  occurs  in  the  diary  of  John  Adams  (Life 
and  Works,  Vol.  11,  pp.  199-200)  where  he  writes,  at  the 
house  of  his  brother-in-law  Judge  Cranch  in  Salem,  No- 
vember 4,  1766,  in  describing  Deacon,  the  father  of  Col. 
Timothy  Pickering;  "The  picture  of  Governor  Endicott, 
&c.  in  the  Council  Chamber,  is  of  this  sort ;  they  are 
puritanical  faces." 

Writing  again  at  Quincy,  April  15,  1817  (Life  and 
Works,  Vol.  X,  pp.  249-50)  he  reiterates  the  statement, 
that  there  were  in  the  "  Council  Chamber  in  the  old  Town 
House  in  Boston"  (see  p.  244) ,  "  little,  miserable  likenesses 
of  Governor  Winthrop,  Governor  Bradstreet,  Governor 
Endicott  and  Governor  Belcher,  hungup  in  obscure  corners 
of  the  room,"  as  late  as  1770. 

March  29,  1774,  writing  at  TreadwelPs  Tavern  in  Ips- 
wich, Mr.  Adams  says  (Life  and  Works,  Vol.  II,  p.  337) 
"Rode  to  Ipswich,  and  put  up  at  the  old  place.  Tread  well's. 
The  old  lady  has  got  a  new  copy  of  her  great-grandfather, 
Governor  Endicott's  picture  hung  up  in  the  house." 

The  landlord  of  the  old  Treadwell  Tavern  on  the  hill 
at  Ipswich,  which  was  such  a  favorite  resort  with  Mr. 
Adams  when  riding  the  eastern  circuit  as  a  young  lawyer, 
was  Nathaniel  Treadwell,  in  the  inventory  of  whose  estate, 


12  PORTRAITS   OF   GOV.    ENDECOTT. 

dated  May  10,  1777,  in  which  silver  plate  is  appraised  at 
eight  shillings  per  ounce,  "  Gun,  Sword,  Cartouch-box  and 
powder-horn,  £3.00"  and  "2  Brass  Kettles  &  2  Brass 
Skillets,  £4.10,"  appears  this  item,— "The  Effigies  of  Gov- 
ernor Endicott  £4.4."  The  Tavern  house  was  left  by  will 
to  the  eldest  son,  Jacob,  the  father  of  John  White  Tread- 
well,  Esq.  Landlord  Tread  well  left  a  widow,  Hannah, 
who  was  not  the  mother  of  his  children,  and  she  left,  by 
a  will  proved  Aug.  6,  1792,  "one  dozen  of  pewter  plates 
marked  H.  E.,  to  Jacob  TreadwelPs  daughter  Hannah." 
In  an  inventory  of  Hannah  TreadwelFs  estate,  filed  Dec. 
4,  1792,  appears  "Governour  Endicot's  Effigies,  24  sh." 
Hannah  Endecott,  daughter  of  the  second  Zerobabel,  was 
born  about  1706,  and  was  a  great-granddaughter  of  Gov- 
ernor Endecott.  Probably  it  was  she  of  whom  Mr. 
Adams  wrote,  Mar.  29,  1774,  "The  old  lady  has  got  anew 
copy  of  her  great-grandfather.  Governor  Endecott's  picture 
hung  up  in  the  house." 

We  next  hear  of  this  Treadwell  picture  in  the  house  of 
Deacon  Aaron  Treadwell,  second  son  of  Landlord  Tread - 
well,  who  received,  on  the  death  of  his  father's  widow,  one 
half  her  furniture,  for  which  he  receipted,  Apr.  6,  1795. 

It  is  remembered  by  David  Pulsifer,  of  Boston,  the 
well-known  antiquary,  whose  boyhood  was  passed  in  Ips- 
wich, as  hanging  in  Deacon  Aaron  Treadwell's  parlor, 
and  the  story  is  current  that  on  one  occasion  w  hen  the  room 
was  filled  with  a  concourse  of  the  Baptist  clergy,  a  class 
of  guests  to  whom  the  Deacon  was  especially  hospitable, 
one  of  them  turned  the  face  of  the  picture  to  the  wall, 
because,  as  he  said,  Governor  Endecott  persecuted  the 
Baptists. 

It  then  became  the  property  of  John  White  Treadwell 
of  Salem,  and  he  presented  it  to  the  Essex  Historical 
Society.    It  is  lettered,  in  oils,  on  the  back  of  the  canvas, 


PORTRAITS   OF   GOV.    ENDECOTT.  13 

"Drawn  from  the  picture  of 
Governor  Endicot,  in  y®  Council 
Chamber  at  Boston. 

T.  (or  J.)  Mitchell  pinx." 

and  on  the  top  of  the  stretcher,  in  ink,  by  a  more  modern 
hand,— "D'Paine's." 

John  Adams  enumerates  pictures  of  Winthrop,  Brad- 
street,  Endicott  and  Belcher,  as  hanging  in  the  Council 
Chamber  in  1770.  This  was  after  the  latter  of  the  two 
fires  which  proved  so  destructive  to  the  contents  of  the 
old  State  House.  The  "great  fire"  of  Oct.  2,  1711,  utterly 
destroyed  the  wooden  town  house  which  had  served  the 
colony,  as  well  as  the  town,  since  1658,  and  few  data  are 
at  hand  from  which  to  estimate  the  probability  of  its  having 
contained  many  portraits  or  of  their  surviving  the  fire. 
The  best  account  extant  of  the  fire  seems  to  be  that  of  the 
"Boston  News  Letter"  No.  390,  for  the  week  ending  Oct. 
8,  1711 ,  from  which  it  appears  that "  Some  Gentlemen  took 
care  to  preserve  her  Majestie's  picture  that  was  in  the 
Town-House."  But  there  is  no  other  item  to  help  us  to  a 
conclusion  as  to  whether  other  pictures  were  there  and  if 
so  whether  they  perished  or  were  saved. 

Of  the  fire  of  Dec.  9,  1747,  we  know  more.  It  broke 
out  after  midnight  in  the  entry  way  between  the  Council 
Chamber  and  the  Representatives'  room,  and  "the  internal 
part  of  this  elegant  brick  building  again  experienced  the 
desolating  flame,  when  a  vast  number  of  ancient  books 
and  early  records,  together  Avith  a  collection  of  valuable 
papers,  were  destroyed."  The  Boston  Weekly  News  Let- 
ter for  Dec.  10,  1747,  speaks  of  this  as  "a  most  terrible 
fire,"  and  says,  "that  spacious  and  beautiful  Building, 
excepting  the  bare,  outward  Walls,  was  entirely  des- 
troyed." .  .  .  "As  the  fire  began  in  the  second  story, 
the  Records  .  .  .  Pictures  of  the  Kings  and  Queens,  &c.. 


14  PORTEAITS   OP  GOV.    ENDECOTT. 

Avhich  were  in  the  Council  Chamber  .  .  were  consumed." 
And  the  Boston  Evening  Post  for  Dec.  14,  1747,  says, 
"the  fine  Pictures  and  other  Furniture  in  the  Council 
Chamber  were  destroyed."  So  that  if  a  picture  of  Gov- 
ernor Endecott  was  in  the  Council  Chamber  in  1747  and 
survived  that  December  night,  it  must  have  been  as  a 
brand  snatched  from  the  burning.  In  1766-70,  we  have 
Mr.  Adams's  word  for  it  that  there  was  such  a  picture  in 
the  Council  Chamber,  and  whatever  remained  there  in  1770 
might  be  expected  to  find  its  way  to  the  new  State  House 
on  Beacon  Hill,  in  1798.  Accordingly  we  find,  in  the 
Senate  Chamber  of  to-day,  pictures  of  Govs.  Endicott, 
Winthrop,  Leverett  and  Bradstreet  and  a  picture  marked 
"Gov.  Burnett,"  but  no  "Belcher."  We  will  not  ask 
whether  Mr.  Adams's  pen  or  his  memory  was  at  fault  in 
the  matter  of  Governor  Belcher's  picture,  or  whether  the 
picture  in  the  group,  marked  "Burnett"  and  that  at  the 
rooms  of  the  Massachusetts  Historical  Society,  marked 
"Belcher"  do  or  do  not  represent  the  same  face.  All  these 
pictures  of  Governors  are,  like  the  Treadwell  picture  of 
Gov.  Endecott,  finished  within  an  oval  line,  without  hands, 
architecture,  or  drapery,  which  is  very  suggestive  of  a 
common  origin  and  date  of  execution.  But  an  examina- 
tion of  the  whole  group  disappoints  the  hope  of  deriving 
from  them  any  account  of  their  history.  And  the  fact  that 
the  Massachusetts  Historical  Society's  picture  of  Gov. 
Endecott  is  finished  in  the  same  way  adds  to  the  confusion. 
No  lettering  whatever  can  be  found  on  the  State  House 
portraits  save  this  statement  without  date  in  printed  letters 
on  the  back  of  each,  that  they  were 

Restored  by 
G.  Howorth 
Boston. 

The  pictures  seem  all  to  have  been  backed  with  new 


PORTRAITS    OF   GOV.    ENDECOTT.  15 

canvas  so  that  any  account  they  could  have  given  of  them- 
selves is  obliterated.  The  Resolve  of  March  23,  1832,  is 
a  little  suggestive  of  their  having  come  from  the  old  State 
House.     It  reads  as  follows  : 

^^  Resolve  for  preserving  the  ancient  pictures  belonging  to 
the  Commonwealth^  March  23^  1832, 

Resolved. 

That  the  Secretary  of  the  Commonwealth  cause 
the  ancient  pictures  of  Governor  Winthrop  and  other 
distinguished  men  in  the  colonial  history  of  ^Massachusetts, 
which  are  now  in  Lobby  No.  7,  to  be  repaired,  and  put 
into  suitable  frames,  and  suspended  in  some  conspicuous 
place  in  the  State  House." 

The  Historical  Society  portrait  bears  on  the  back  of  the 
canvas  this  inscription,  which  has  a  modern  look  and  gives 
no  indication  of  its  date  or  authorship : 

"John  Endicot  Esq*-  First 
"Governor  of  New  England 
Copy 

"M'  John  Smibert 
1737 
"Original  drawn  anno 
1664  E  T  76." 

John  Smibert  was  painting  in  Boston  from  1728  to  1751, 
and  while  he  may  have  painted  this  picture,  the  internal 
evidence  seems  conclusive  that  he  never  saw  the  inscription 
now  on  it.  It  was  presented  without  a  frame,  Nov.  24, 
1836,  by  Hon.  Francis  C.  Gray  to  the  Massachusetts 
Historical  Society.  No  living  member  of  the  Gray  family 
can  tell  how  this  picture  came  into  the  hands  of  the  donor, 


16  PORTRAITS   OF   GOV.    ENDECOTT. 

nor  give  any  clew  to  the  origin  of  the  picture  or  of  the 
inscription  it  now  bears.  The  social,  political  and  denom- 
inational sympathy  which  existed  between  William  Gray, 
who  left  Salem  in  1809,  and  Dr.  Bentley,  who  was  taking 
steps  to  secure  a  copy  of  the  "family  picture"  in  1796, 
and  regarded  Endecott  as  "the  Father  of  New  England," 
might  lead  to  a  conjecture.  But  guesses  are  of  little 
value.  The  fact  remains  that  the  earliest  picture  of  which 
we  have  an  authentic  record  is  the  Treadwell  picture,  and 
of  this  we  know  from  Mr.  Adams  that  it  was  new  in  1774. 
Of  this  we  have  also  the  evidence  of  its  own  lettering, 
which  there  is  no  reason  to  question,  that  it  is  a  copy  of 
a  likeness,  then  in  the  Council  Chamber.  A  painter's 
bill  of  1773  is  on  file  showing  the  existence  there  of  pic- 
tures. Gov.  Burnett's  among  them. 

If  then  Rawson,  or  some  other,  placed  an  original 
likeness  of  Gov.  Endecott  in  the  Council  Chamber  at 
Boston  and  it  remained  there  to  be  copied  in  1774  and 
possibly  hangs  in  the  Senate  Chamber  to-day,  we  have  the 
desired  corroboration  that  the  features  of  the  family  portrait 
are  the  features  of  Gov.  Endecott,  for  the  features  portrayed 
in  the  two  groups  of  pictures  are  identical.  Indeed 
without  this  corroboration  there  would  seem  to  be  little 
doubt,  since  the  nose  and  mouth  are  both  marked  and  often 
reappear  among  the  Governor's  numerous  and  scattered 
progeny. 

But  if  no  such  original  was  placed  in  the  town  house, 
or  if,  being  so  placed,  it  had  perished  in  one  or  the  other 
of  the  devastating  fires  recorded,  then  the  picture  hanging 
there  in  1766  was  a  copy,  and  the  picture  in  the  Senate 
Chamber  may  be  the  same  copy,  of  some  other  likeness  of 
the  earliest  of  the  Massachusetts  magnates  whose  features 
are  supposed  to  have  been  transmitted  to  us.  And  the 
study  of  the   pictures   themselves  affords   little  internal 


PORTRAITS   OF   GOV.    ENDECOTT.  17 

evidence  because  it  is  not  possible  to  know  how  much  is 
original  work  and  how  much  restoration,  or  how  much  of 
the  difference  in  detail  is  to  be  charged  to  the  individual 
fancy  of  artists.  The  pillar  and  drapery,  now  familiar 
from  the  popular  engravings  and  lithographs  are,  no  doubt, 
the  work  of  Frothingham,  who,  when  he  copied  the  "fam- 
ily portrait,"  found  the  background  obliterated  and  supplied 
one  to  his  own  liking.  Much  more  worthy  of  comment  is 
the  difference  in  the  color  of  the  hair  and  beard.  The 
"family  picture"  shows  the  Governor  as  an  old  man  with 
hair,  mustachios  and  chin-tuft  gray  and  in  keeping  with 
the  general  aspect  of  a  man  near  eighty.  The  same  is 
true  of  the  Tread  well  picture,  which  may  be  the  copy  of 
another  contemporaneous  painting.  But  the  Historical 
Societ}^  portrait,  while  it  has  white  mustachios  and  chin-tuft, 
has  brown  hair,  and  the  Senate  Chamber  portrait  has  hair, 
mustachios,  and  chin-tuft  all  brown,  and  represents  a 
magistrate  as  young  as  Governor  Endecott  was  when  he 
left  England.  The  critical  observer  will  not  fail  to  note 
the  variation  in  the  finishing  of  the  collar-strings,  which 
in  the  "family  picture"  and  Treadwell  copy  seem  to  end 
in  a  firm  wooden  tip  wound  with  white,  but  in  the  Senate 
picture  with  a  tassel  and  in  the  Historical  Society's  picture 
with  a  more  elaborate  ornament.  Perhaps  these  diver- 
gences of  style  are  too  slight  to  be  worthy  of  notice,  yet 
by  careful  comparison  with  other  works  of  the  periods  in 
question  they  might  throw  light  on  the  question  of  date 
and  authorship. 

The  result  seems  to  be  that  we  have  a  marked  figure  and 
features  accepted  in  1766-74  by  the  family  and  the  public 
as  those  of  Governor  Endecott  who  had  then  been  dead 
for  a  century.  We  have  a  picture  in  the  custody  of  the 
Commonwealth  representing  the  same  person  at  a  younger 
age,  purporting  to  represent  Governor  Endecott,  and  of 

HIST.   COLL.  XX  i 


18  PORTRAITS   OF  GOV.   ENDECOTT. 

the  origin  and  history  of  which  nothing  whatever  is  known. 
We  have  an  extremely  good  picture,  badly  preserved  and, 
in  1796,  "nearly  defaced,"  but  in  1843,  carefully  restored, 
accepted  by  Dr.  Bentley,  and  vouched  for  by  a  well-sus- 
tained family  tradition  as  an  original  painting  from  the  life, 
representing  identically  the  same  face  and  figure ;  and 
lastly  we  have  another  picture  of  the  same  person,  well- 
preserved  and  not  badly  done,  which  some  one,  either  be- 
fore or  since  its  presentation  to  the  Massachusetts  Historical 
Society  in  1836,  has  felt  sure  enough  of  the  fact  to  inscribe 
as  a  picture  of  Gov.  Endecott  copied  by  John  Smibert  in 
1737  from  some  original  done  in  1664,  and  which  is  ac- 
cepted as  such  by  that  Society.  If  Rawson,  or  some  other, 
procured  a  picture  by  Thomas  Child,  or  some  other,  of 
Gov.  Endecott,  finished  in  an  oval  line,  in  1664,  and  pre- 
sented it  to  the  colony,  it  may  have  been  copied  by  Smibert, 
in  oval,  in  1737,  and  by  Mitchell,  in  oval,  in  1774,  and  it 
may  be  now  in  the  Senate  Chamber  "restored"  to  middle 
age  and  auburn  hair,  by  some  hand  more  skilled  in  colors 
than  in  colonial  history.  But  if  the  Senate  Chamber 
picture  were  painted  originally  as  it  now  is,  and  now 
represents  the  face  as  it  was  when  that  picture  was  painted, 
then  it  would  seem  probable  that  the  Senate  Chamber 
picture  was  done  in  England  before  the  Governor's  depart- 
ure for  America,  for  he  came  here  at  the  age  of  forty  and 
never  revisited  the  old  country. 

Time  may  unearth  corroborative  evidence  of  the  authen- 
ticity of  these  pictures,  but  if  this  research  should  prove 
to  be  final  and  exhaustive,  it  would  seem  to  put  the  claim 
that  the  Governor's  true  features  have  come  down  to  us, 
beyond  reasonable  cavil. 


THE  PERKINS  FA^VIILY. 

[Continued  from  page  268,  Vol.  xix.] 

10  Jacob  (^John^  John^)  was  born  in  Ipswich,  Mass., 
in  1646.  He  married  first,  Sarah  Wainwright  in  1667, 
and  she  died  February  3,  1688  ;  second,  in  1688  or  1689, 
Sarah  Kinsman,  who  was  a  daughter  of  Robert  and  Mary 
Kinsman.  She  was  born  March  19, 1659.  He  was  known 
as  "Corporal,"  or  "Jacob  Perkins,  jr.,"  and  is  also  some- 
times mentioned  as  "Jacob  Perkins  the  Maltster,"  and  this 
was  probably  his  occupation  Jis  well  as  farming.  In  a  depo- 
sition given  in  1695,  concerning  some  cattle  which  had 
strayed  from  his  brother  Abraham's  island,  he  says  he  was 
at  that  time  forty-nine  years  old,  and  had  lived  at  or  near 
Perkins  Island  the  greater  part  of  his  life.  His  father  gave 
him  the  use  of  a  farm  of  one  hundred  acres  in  Chebacco 
Parish  (reserving  to  himself  the  right  to  dispose  of  it  at 
his  death),  this  being  half  of  a  farm  which  he  bought  of 
William  Wittred,  carpenter,  Aug.  8,  1661.  This  farm 
Jacob  relinquished  to  his  father  for  one  at  Sagamore  Hill, 
and  upon  which  he  resided  the  remainder  of  his  life.  He, 
in  conjunction  with  his  older  brother,  Abraham,  acted  as 
attorney  for  their  father  during  the  latter  part  of  his  life  ; 
this  trust  he  afterwards  gave  up.  His  father  resided  with 
him  for  awhile  after  the  death  of  his  wife.  We  find  fre- 
quent deeds  of  land  sold  by  him,  with  the  name  of  "Sarah" 
as  his  wife,  which  was  the  name  of  both  of  his  wives. 
His  family  was  very  large,  a  great  proportion  being  sons, 
which  fact  has  kept  families  of  the  name  numerous  in 
Ipswich.  The  location  of  his  house  is  still  to  be  seen 
at  Sagamore  Hill.  He  died  in  1719.  His  sons,  Jacob  and 
John,  were  to  be  executors  of  his  will,  which  was  made 

(19) 


20  THE  PERKINS   FAMILY. 

Dec.  13,  1718,  and  was  proved  in  Court  Dec.  14,  1719. 

The  fac-simile  was  taken  from  /i  /O     / 

his  will,  which  was  made  Dec.  13,        (Jo-O  ijb^\j^ 
1718.  C/  ^ 

Children  of  Jacob  and  Sarah  (Wainwright)  Perkins 
were : 

46  John,  b.  Jan.  31,  1668 ;  d.  before  1693. 

47  Phillis,  b.  Nov.  28,  1670;  m.  Thos.  Emerson,  Nov.  20,  1685. 

48  Francis,  b.  Dec.  18,  1672;  d.  before  1719;  left  w.  and  ch. 

49  Westly,  b.  March  13,  1674 ;  d.  before  1697. 

50  Sarah,  b.  May  18,  1677;  pub.  John  Leighton,  Dec.  4,  1714. 

51  Mehitable,  b.  J'ly  12,  1681 ;  m.  Jacob  Burnham,  Nov.  20,  1704. 

52  Mary,  b.  Aug.  2,  1685 ;  pub.  Jona.  Burnham,  Mar.  17,  1710. 

53  Elizabeth,  b.  May  8,  1687. 

Children  of  Jacob  and  Sarah  (Kinsman)  Perkins  were  : 

54  Jacob,  b.   Jan.  3,  1690;   pub.   1st,  Eliz'h  Kinsman,  Mar.  6, 

1713 ;  2d,  ra.  Mary  Dresser,  Dec.  6,  1733. 

55  Eunice,  b.  March  14,  1691. 

56  John,  b.   Oct.  17,  1693;   pub.  Eliz'h  Endicott,  of  Boxford, 

March  15,  1718;  m.  in  Boston  in  June,  1718. 

57  Robert,  b.  Oct.  21,  1695;  pub.  Eliz'h  Douton,  Oct.  25,  1718. 

58  Westly,  b.  Dec.  3,  1697;  pub.  Abigail  Rindge,  Nov.  27,  1725. 

59  Joseph,  b.  Oct.  9,  1699;  pub.  Eliz'h  Fellows,  Nov.  2,  1728. 

60  Jeremiah,  b.  Dec.  1,  1701 ;  pub.  Joanna  Smith,  Nov.  7,  1730. 

11  Luke  (^John^  Joh'n})  was  born  in  Ipswich  in  1649. 
He  married,  April  26,  1677,  Elizabeth  Jaquith,  daughter 
of  Henry  Jaquith ;  it  is  to  be  feared  that  he  did  not  live  a 
very  peaceful  or  happy  life  with  her.    She  died  about  1 690 , 

after  which  he  married  Sarah  about  1692.     His 

wife,  Sarah,  may  have  outlived  him  ;  the  time  of  the  death 
of  neither  is  certainly  known. 

Luke  Perkins  was  employed  during  the  early  part  of 
his  life  by  his  father  and  brother  Abraham.  He  after- 
wards carried  on  the  Inn  formerly  kept  by  his  father. 
A  part  of  his  life  was  spent  upon  his  brother  Abraham's 
Island,  where  he  was  living  in  1695,  when  he  states,  in 
a  deposition  concerning  cattle  belonging  to  his  brother 
Abraham,  which  had  strayed  away,  that  he  was  forty-six 
years  old  at  that  time. 


THE   PERKINS   FAMILY.  21 

His  father  made  a  deed  of  gift  to  him  of  his  homestead 
and  other  hmds  upon  certain  conditions,  which  Luke  did 
not  fulfil  to  the  satisfaction  of  his  father,  and  a  suit  was 
had,  and  Luke  was  obliged,  by  the  order  of  the  Court,  to 
transfer  the  property  again  to  his  father. 

An  agreement  was  made  by  John  Perkins,  through  his 
two  sons,  Abraham  and  Jacol)  as  attorneys,  that  upon 
Luke's  relinquishing  all  claim  to  house  and  kind  formerly 
given  him  by  his  father,  John,  they  would  convey  to  him 
another  house  and  storehouse  which  stood  by  the  river- 
side, and  half  an  acre  of  land.  Al)raham  also  promises  to 
pay  a  ])ill  of  Luke's  of  £7,  to  Robert  Cook  of  Boston,  and 
of  £7,  to  Henry  Bennet ;  that  Luke  shall  have  a  bed  and 
rugge.  He  was  to  take  his  pick  of  five  l)eds  that  are  in 
the  house.  Abraham  also  agrees  to  pay  the  maidservant 
her  quarter's  wages,  and  to  give  Luke  a  closcbodyed  coat, 
and  to  pay  all  debts  that  Luke  contracted  while  keeping 
his  father's  house  as  a  house  of  entertainment. 

This  bargain  led  to  an  unfortunate  suit  in  Court,  Luke 
repudiating  his  agreement.  Luke  lost  his  case,  and  went 
to  jail  rather  than  submit  to  the  order  of  the  Court.  He 
was  released  after  giving  bonds  in  the  sum  of  £1000  not 
to  molest  Abraham  in  the  i)ossession  of  his  property. 
This  suit  took  place  in  March,  1687-8. 

In  1688-9,  he  sold  to  "Thomas  Smith,  taylor,"  his 
house  and  storehouse  for  sixty  pounds,  silver  currency 
of  New  England. 

There  is  no  mention  of  any  children  born  by  first  wife. 

Children  of  Luke  and  Sarah  ( )  Perkins  were  : 

61  John,  b.  May  14,  1G93. 

62  Sarah,  b.  Jan.  22,  1694. 

12  Isaac  {John^  John'^)  was  born  in  Ipswich,  Mass., 
about  1650.  He  married,  in  1669,  Hannah,  daughter  of 
Alexander   Knight  and  his  wife   Hannah.     The  widow, 


22  THE   PERKINS   FAMILY. 

Hannah  Knight,  after  the  death  of  her  husband,  married 
Eobert  Whitman,  Nov.  9,  1664. 

This  marriage  of  Isaac  with  Hannah  Knight  does  not 
appear  upon  the  record,  but  is  made  evident  by  the  fol- 
lowing abstract :  "  Isaac  Perkins  &  wife  Hannah  convey  to 
Eichard  Kimball  land  in  Ipswich  which  formerly  belonged 
to  her  father,  Alexander  Knight,  formerly  of  Ipswich. 
Feb.  6,  1716." 

On  the  20  March,  1683-4,  his  father  gave  him  a  deed 
of  a  farm  of  100  acres  in  Chebacco  Parish,  near  to  what 
is  now  called  "the  Falls  ;"  he  had  been  living  there  before 
this  deed  was  made.  This  was  half  of  the  farm  his 
father  had  bought  of  William  Wittred,  carpenter,  Aug.  8, 
1661 ;  it  was  owned  by  a  grandson  of  Isaac  in  1790. 

He  appears  to  have  been  a  man  who  was  highly  re- 
spected by  his  neighbors  who  spoke  of  him  as  "3/r. 
Isaac  Perkins  of  Chebacco."  His  name  and  that  of  his 
wife,  Hannah,  were  often  attached  to  deeds  of  land ;  she 
must  have  died  before  his  will  was  signed,  as  no  mention 
is  made  of  her  in  that  instrument,  neither  of  his  oldest 
son  John,  or  of  his  heirs,  as  he  had  probably  died  young. 
His  two  sons,  Abraham  and  Jacob,  were  executors  of  his 
will,  which  was  made  Oct.  26,  1725,  and  proved  Feb.  14, 
1725-6. 

Isaac  gave  a  deed  of  his  farming  stock  and  land  in  Che- 
bacco to  his  son  Jacob,  "in  consideration  of  what  duty  he 
is  to  perform  in  providing  for  myself  and  wife,  which  he 
and  his  heirs  stand  obliged  to  perform  by  a  written  instru- 
ment," from  which  it  would  appear  that  Isaac  and  Hannah 
spent  their  last  days  in  the  family  of  their  son  Jacob. 

The  fac-simile,  which  is 
here  given,  was  taken  from 
an  autograph  made  Sep" 
tember  8,  1700. 


^^<L  jD^V 


THE   PERKINS   FAMILY.  23 

The  children  of  Isaac  Perkins  and  wife  Hannah  were  : 

63  John,  b.  July  1,  1670;  d.  young. 

64  Abraliam,  b.  Sept.  15,  1671;  ni.  Abigail  Dodge. 

65  Hannah,  b.  Jan.  31,  1673;  ni. Woodward. 

66  Isaac,  b.  May  23,   1676;  m.  1st,  wid.  Mary  Pike;  2d,  wid. 

Lydia  Viflan. 

67  Jacob,  b.  Nov.  D,  1678;  m.  1st,  Mary  Cogswell,  pub.  Sept.  8, 

1716;  2d,  Susanna  Butler,  widow,  m.  Feb.  10,  1728. 

68  Elizabeth,  b.  May  29,  1681. 

69  Sarah,  b.  March  28,  1685;  m. Marshall. 

70  Mary,  b.  March  27,  1687;  ni.  Proctor. 

13  Nathaniel  (Jolm,^  Jo/m^)  was  born  in  Ipswich, 

Mass.,  about  1652.     He  married  Judith in  1684. 

At  this  time  his  father  gave  him  a  farm  of  one  hundred 
acres  in  Chebacco,  adjoining  that  of  his  brother  Isaac. 

In  early  life  he  "followed  the  sea,"  being  probably  en- 
gaged in  hsliing,  in  which  business  his  father  and  brother 
Abraham  were  both  interested.  After  his  marriage  and 
the  gift  of  a  farm  from  his  father,  he  appears  to  have 
devoted  himself  to  husbandry  for  a  while,  but  his  afiairs, 
evidently,  did  not  prosper,  and  about  1700  he  sold  various 
parcels  of  his  farm. 

Jan'y  30,  1691.  He  and  wife  Judith,  sell  meadow  in 
Chebacco  to  John  Wise. 

Feb.  27,  1701.  He  and  wife  Judith,  sell  to  Abraham 
Perkins,  jr.,  "20  acres  of  salt  marsh  and  upland  in  Che- 
bacco, being  part  of  said  Nathaniel's  homestead  where 
he  now  lives." 

June  23,  1702.  He  sells  more  of  his  homestead  to 
John  Burnham. 

June  3,  1703.  He  and  wife  Judith  sell  to  Adam  Cogs- 
well, jr.,  yeoman,  in  consideration  of  nine  score  and 
twelve  pounds  lawful  money,  certain  tenements  and  tracts 
of  land  in  Chebacco  with  dwelling  houses,  barnes,  or- 
chard, pasture,  etc.,  etc.,  which  land  was  bounded  by 
land  of  Isaac  Perkins,  by  *'a  black  birch  tree,  a  red  oak, 


24  THE   PERKINS   FAMILY. 

a  grape  vine,  a  heap  of  rocks,  and  a  cherrie  tree."     After 
this  sale  we  lose  sight  of  him  entirely. 

The  children  of  Nathaniel  Perkins  and  wife  Judith 
were : 

71  Nathaniel,  b.  March  31,  1685. 

72  Jemima,  b.  June  29,  1686. 

14  Samuel  (John^  John  ^)  was  born  in  Ipswich,  Mass. , 
in  1655.  He  married  in  1677  Hannah,  daughter  of  Twif- 
ford  and  Hannah  West.  He  was  a  cordwainer  by  trade. 
He  served  as  a  soldier  in  the  Narragansett  war,  for  which 
he  received  a  portion  of  land  at  Voluntown,  on  the  eastern 
border  of  Connecticut,  which  land  afterward  came  into 
possession  of  his  son  Ebenezer,  who  settled  upon  it,  and 
in  1735  sold  it  to  John  Wildes  of  Topsfield,  Mass. 

His  father  gave  him  a  deed  of  land  in  the  town  of 
Ipswich  on  which  he  had  built  a  house  in  1684 ;  this  land 
joined  to  land  given  to  his  brother  Luke.  In  a  deed  to 
Luke,  his  father.  Quart '"John,  says,  "and  that  Sam^  Per- 
kins shall  not  be  disturbed  in  the  possession  I  have  given 
him,  and  that  he  hath  built  upon." 

Samuel  Perkins  died  intestate  in  1700.  His  widow, 
Hannah,  was  administratrix  of  his  estate,  and  was  also 
appointed  guardian  of  his  two  minor  children,  John  and 
Elizabeth. 

The  fac-simile,  here  given, 
r^Ci/mJ^&iy  pSrR^J   was   taken   from  a  signature 

The  children  of  Samuel  and   Hannah   Perkins  were: 

73  Samuel,  b.  Nov.  26,  1679;  d.  abroad,  date  unknown. 

74  Ebenezer,  b.  Feb.  3,  1681 ;  m.  1st,  Hannah  Safford ;  2d, 

75  Elizabeth,  b.  June  13,  1685. 

76  John,  b.  May  12,  1692 ;  d.  at  Curacoa,  W.  I. 

15  Thomas  (John,^  John^).  The  dates  of  his  birth 
and  death  are  not  known.  His  father,  in  a  deed  of  gift  to 
his  son  Luke,  of  a  very  considerable  portion  of  real  estate 


THE   PERKINS   FAMILY.  25 

in  Ipswich,  makes  it  a  condition  "  that  he  shall  support  his 
mother  and  brother  Thomas,  if  they  should  happen  to 
outlive  him  (John),  during  the  whole  of  the  remainder  of 
their  natural  lives." 

It  is  to  be  inferred  from  the  above  that  Thomas  was 
unable  to  support  himself,  being  imbecile  in  body  or  mind. 
This  mention  constitutes  all  we  know  of  Thomas. 

16  Sarah  {John,^  John^).  The  date  of  her  birth  is 
not  known.  In  iifivinf^  her  evidence  in  ii  suit  agfainst 
Sergeant  Wayte,  April  10,  1683,  she  says:  "I,  Sarah 
Perkins,  being  at  my  father,  Quailermaster  John  Perkins 
his  house,  the  last  September  Court,  I  see  Serg^-  Wayte," 
etc.,  etc.  It  would  be  not  a  little  singular  if  a  family  of 
eight  sons  should  not  have  at  least  one  daughter  also, 
but  as  the  above  affidavit  contains  all  the  evidence  we  find 
that  Sarah  was  a  daughter,  this  is  open  to  a  doubt,  as 
10  Jacob,  son  of  2  John,  had  at  the  same  time  a  wdfe 
Sarah ;  it  is  not,  therefore,  impossible  that  it  w^as  a 
daughter-in-law  who  gives  this  evidence. 

36  Hannah  {Abraham,^  John?  John^)  was  bom  in 
Ipswich,  Mass.,  March  7,  1662.  She  married  Daniel 
Rindge,  date  not  knovm.  He  appears  on  the  early  records 
as  a  carpenter  (1698),  and  later  (1713)  as  a  shopkeeper, 
and  was  an  active  and  useful  man  in  the  afl'airs  of  the 
town.  They  had  only  one  child,  the  mother  dying  a  few 
days  after  her  birth ;  the  date  of  her  death  being  July  9, 
1684. 

Hannah  Perkins,  the  mother  of  Hannah  Rindge,  in  her 
will  made  in  1722,  gives  "to  Hannah  Stanford,  daughter 
of  my  daughter  Hannah,  the  late  wife  of  Daniel  Rindge  of 
Ipswich." 

The  child  of  Daniel  and  Hannah  (Perkins)  Rindge  was  : 
Hannah,  b.  June  30,  1684 ;  ra. Stanford. 

HWT.    COLL.  XX  2* 


26  THE   PERKINS  FAMILY. 

39  Beamsley  {Abraham^  John^  John^)  was  bom  in 
Ipswich,  Mass.,  April  7,  1673.  He  was  married  in  Sep- 
tember, 1698,  to  Hannah  Glazier,  who  Nathaniel  Emerson 
says  was  his  daughter.  She  was  a  widow  Glazier  when 
married  to  Capt.  Beamsley  Perkins.  After  this  marriage, 
Abraham  Perkins,  the  father  of  Beamsley,  commenced  a 
suit  against  Bev,  John  Emerson,  of  Gloucester,  who  had 
married  them,  for  performing  the  marriage  ceremony  ille- 
gally, inasmuch  as  they  had  not  before  been  regularly 
published.  Emerson  acknowledged  his  fault  and  paid  his 
fine. 

Beamsley  Perkins  was  a  mariner,  and  was  early  in  life 
the  owner  and  captain  of  a  sloop.  In  1716,  he  com- 
manded the  brig  Ipswich  of  100  tons.  At  the  time  of  the 
attack  of  the  British  forces  upon  Port  Royal,  in  1710, 
he  commanded  "Her  Majesty's  ship  Dispatch,  friggott," 
mounting  twenty  guns.  He  retained  his  interest  in  ship- 
ping until  his  death,  and  was  always  addressed  as  Capt, 
Beamsley  Perkins.  Two  small  vessels  are  mentioned  upon 
the  inventory  of  his  property,  viz.  :  "  1  skooner  valued  at 
£200,  a  small  skooner  at  £22. —  Sea  beding  £4.  Instru- 
ments of  navigation  30  shillings." 

In  1714,  he  bought  of  his  father,  Perkins  Island,  said 
in  the  deed  to  contain  "  100  acres  more  or  less."  This 
Island,  with  the  stage  and  buildings,  was  valued  at  £800, 
and  was  probably  used  for  the  curing  of  fish ;  a  part  of 
this  property  he  resold  to  his  father  the  same  year.  He 
sold  a  large  farm  in  1719  to  Thomas  Choate  for  £1400. 
He  also  sold  a  large  portion  of  Perkins  Island  before  his 
death. 

His  will  was  executed  Feb.  5,  1718-19,  and  proved 
July  29,  1720.  His  estate  was  valued  at  £1587.  He 
gave  all  to  wife,  Hannah,  during  her  life,  to  be  distributed 
"to  her  children"  at  her  death.  His  wife,  Hannah,  was 
appointed  executrix. 


THE    PERKINS    FAMILY.  27 

His  death  upon  the  town  record  reads  thus :  "  Capt. 
Beamsley  Perkins  died  at  his  house  in  Ipswich  ye  twenty 
third  day  of  July  1720,  being  47  years  three  mo.  and 
16  days  old."  The  inscription  upon  his  tombstone  makes 
an  error  of  about  two  years  in  his  age.  He  is  there  stated 
to  be  "in  ye  45th  year  of  his  age." 

In  the  disposition  of  some  of  his  property  after  his 
death,  his  widow  and  four  of  her  children  l)y  her  first 
husband.  Glazier,  sign  a  deed,  as  well  as  the  children  of 
Capt.  Beamsley.  They  sign  as  "  children  of  Hannah  and 
legatees  of  said  Beamsley." 

Children  of  Beamsley  Perkins  and  wife  Hannah  were  : 

77  Sarah,  bapt.  Aug.  12,  1705. 

78  Hannah,  b.  April  22,  1707. 

79  Martha,  b.  March  3,  1709. 

80  Lucy,  bapt.  Nov.  9,  1712;  d.  Dec.  3,  1712. 

40  John  {Ahraham^^  John,^  Jolin^)  was  born  in  Ips- 
wich, Mass.,  Aug.  28,  1676.  He  received  his  preliminary 
education  at  the  Ipswich  Grammar  School,  under  the  in- 
struction of  Mr.  Daniel  Bogers,  son  of  President  Rogers 
of  Harvard  Collcfi^e.  He  entered  Harvard  Collejre  in 
1691,  and  was  graduated  in  1695.  He  was  married  first 
to  Mary  M^'Farland  Dec.  11,  1697;  she  was  the  widow 
of  Duncan  M*=Farland  of  Boston.  It  is  not  known  when 
she  died;  she  was  living  in  Boston  in  1714,  as  upon  the 
6th  of  August  of  that  year.  Dr.  John  Perkins  and  his  wife 
Mary,  who  was  administratrix  of  the  estate  of  her  former 
husband,  M*^Farland,  conveys  land  in  Boston,  that  formerly 
belonged  to  him,  to  Joseph  Mayer.  Shortly  after  leaving 
college  he  studied  medicine,  and  began  the  practice  of  that 
profession  in  his  native  town.  When  the  new  meeting- 
house was  built  in  1700,  he,  and  the  other  physicians  of 
Ipswich,  Drs.  Bridgman  and  Dean,  were  each  assigned  a 
separate  pew,  as  a  marked  appreciation  of  the  value  of 
their  services.     He  did  not  remain  long  in  Ipswich,  but 


28  THE   PERKINS   FAMILY. 

removed  to  Boston,  and  was  in  practice  there  for  many 
years,  though  he  resided  at  intervals  again  in  Ipswich. 

After  the  death  of  his  first  wife,  he  married  Mary 
Checkley,  who  was  the  daughter  of  Anthony  Checkley, 
of  Boston.  She  was  bom  Oct.  14,  1673.  The  date  of 
their  marriage  is  uncertain,  but  the  fact  appears  evident 
by  a  deed  of  property  given  to  his  son  Nathaniel,  in  which 
the  estate  of  his  "father-in-law,  Anthony  Checkley,"  is 
spoken  of.  In  deeds  on  record  for  the  conveyance  of 
land,  he  sometimes  calls  himself  a  "  physician  of  Ipswich," 
and  sometimes  "  of  Boston." 

In  1740  he  executed  a  deed  of  gift  to  his  son  Nathaniel 
of  all  his  property,  real  and  personal,  including  ''all  his 
interest  in  his  grandfather  Beamsley's  farm  at  Muddy 
river,  and  what  interest  he  may  have  in  the  estate  of  his 
father-in-law,  Anthony  Checkley,  Esq.,"  and  "excepting 
only  debts  due  to  me  from  my  son-in-law,  Joseph  Ingra- 
ham,  and  my  daughter  Hannah,  and  from  Joshua  Lee." 
This  deed,  he  states,  was  given  "  for  love  &  affection 
to  my  son  Nathaniel,  and  in  consideration  of  an  obligation 
he  has  laid  himself  under  to  provide  honourably  for  his 
mother  during  her  natural  life."  No  provision  is  made 
in  this  instrument  for  his  own  suppdit.  No  will  is  to  be 
found,  or  account  of  administration  of  his  estate,  or  any- 
thing by  which  we  can  ^x  the  time  of  his  death.  The 
catalogue  of  Harvard  College  says  his  death  took  place  in 
1740. 

The  children  of  John  Perkins  and  first  wife,  Mary,  were  : 

81  Hannah,  b.  June  9,  1699. 

82  John,  b.  Jan.  23,  1700. 

83  William,  b.  June  25,  1702. 

84  Nathan,  b.  ab't  1705. 

85  Beamsley,  b.  April  2,  1710. 

Children  by  Mary  Checkley  were  : 

86  Nathaniel,  b.  ab't  1715 ;  d.  1799. 

87  Mary,  b.  ab't  1717;  m.  Joseph  Ingraham. 

88  Hannah,  b.  ab't  1720;  m. Newton. 


THE   PERKINS   FAMILY.  29 

41  Stephen  (Abraham,^  John,'^  John^)  was  born  in 
Ipswich,  ^lass.,  in  June,  1683,  and  was  published  to  iSIary 
Eveleth,  July  13,  1706.  His  marriage  to  her  is  not  found 
on  the  records.  He  was  a  mariner,  and  early  in  life  had 
command  of  a  small  vessel  engaged  in  coast  and  West 
India  trade.  He  was  called  Capt.  Stephen  Perkins.  In 
1709  he  built  and  commanded  the  sloop  ^lary,  of  30  tons 
burthen.  After  a  few  years  of  sea  life  he  ai)parently 
abandoned  it,  and  commenced  trading.  He  is  found  buy- 
ing and  selling  real  estate,  and  in  the  deeds  calls  himself 
"shopkeeper."  His  wife,  Mary,  died  about  1717  ;  he  mar- 
ried a  second  time  with  ]\Iargaret  Bligh,  Sept.  2(5,  1719  ; 
she  died  May  23,  1754.  Among  the  ])apti8ms  we  find 
"Mrs.  Margaret  Perkins  was  baptized  July  21,  1728." 

His  death  is  recorded  as  having  taken  i)lace  May  15, 
1733.  His  will  was  executed  April  23,  1733,  and  ap- 
proved by  the  coui-t  May  29,  1733.  In  his  will  he  men- 
tions two  married  daughters  and  a  minor  son.  He  states 
that  he  had  received  £340  on  his  marriage  with  his  wife 
Margaret,  and  returns  the  same  amount  to  her  in  his  will. 
His  son,  Francis,  is  to  receive  a  watch  and  silver-hilted 
sword  and  belt,  Avhen  he  should  arrive  at  the  aire  of  21 
years.    He  chose  Margaret,  his  mother,  to  be  his  guardian. 

The  will  of  Margaret,  widow  of  Capt.  Stephen  Perkins, 
was  made  Dec.  22,  1753,  and  proved  Ma}-  27,  1754.  In  it 
she  gives  to  her  cousin,  Margaret  Daniels,  of  Salem,  and  to 
her  cousins,  William  and  Mary  Fullerton,  of  Portsmouth, 
N.  H.,  and  also  to  Mary  Lowden,  jr.,  for  her  kindness 
and  care  of  her.  William  Fullerton,  painter,  was  chosen 
to  be  the  executor  of  her  will. 

The  children  of  Capt.  Stephen  Perkins  and  Mary  were  : 

89  Mary,  bapt.  in  1708;  m.  Thomas  Norton,  jr.,  Jan.  28,  1728. 

90  Stephen,  bapt.  May  27,  1711 ;  d.  youn^. 

91  Elizabeth,  bapt.  Oct.  18,  1713 ;  m.  Ellas  Lowater,  Nov.  10,  '31. 

92  Francis,  bapt.  Jan.  8, 1715;  pub.  Martha  Quarles,  Oct.  17, 1747. 


30  THE   PERKINS   FAMILY. 

42  Abraham  {Abraham^  John ^  John^)  was  born  in 
Ipswich,  Mass.,  Dec.  22,  1685.  He  married  Esther 
Perkins,  being  published  Jan.  10,  1707-8.  She  was  a 
daughter  of  Matthew  and  Esther  (Burnham)  Perkins,  and 
was  born  July  17,  1690.     He  died  Feb.  14,  1718. 

After  his  death,  his  widow,  Esther,  married  Edward 
Porter,  of  Boston,  afterwards  of  Salem,  being  published 
April  22,  1721.  He  died  before  1728  ;  after  which  she 
married  her  third  husband,  Dr.  Cesar  Augustus  Harbin, 
of  Ipswich,  who  may  have  been  of  York,  Me.,  as  she  had 
land  there,  which  she,  perhaps,  had  from  his  estate ;  by 
him  she  had  a  son  William,  who  died  in  1760.  She  made 
a  will  in  1751,  in  which  she  mentions  her  son,  Joseph, 
and  daughter,  Esther.  His  (Abraham's)  mother,  Hannah 
(Beamsley),  mentions  sons  of  her  son  Abraham,  viz.: 
Joseph,  Nathaniel  and  Abraham.  Nothing  is  known  of 
his  occupation. 

The  children  of  Abraham  and  Esther  Perkins  w^ere  : 

93  Joseph,  bapt.  Aug.  17,  1712. 

94  Nathaniel,  bapt.  Jan.  3,  1713-14. 

95  Abraham,  bapt.  July  15,  1716. 

96  Esther,  bapt.  about  1717;  m. Brown. 

43  Nathaniel  {Ahraham^^  John^  John  ^)  was  born  in 
Ipswich,  Mass. ;  date  uncertain.  Upon  the  Probate  rec- 
ords it  is  stated,  "Nathaniel  Perkins,  mariner,  deceased. 
Administration  on  his  estate  is  granted  to  his  father,  Abra- 
ham," Nov.  16,  1713.  On  examination  of  the  papers  on 
file,  the  inventory  shows  only  such  property  as  would 
belong  to  a  mariner,  as  "  sea  beding,"  "  Instruments  of  nav- 
igation," and  men's  clothing,  but  gives  no  intimation  of 
his  being  a  married  man,  or  having  household  property  or 
a  family. 

In  1722,  when  Hannah,  the  mother  of  Nathaniel,  died, 
she  gave  in  her  will  "  to  Abraham  and  Sarah,  children  of 


t 


THE    PERKINS   FAMILY.  31 

my  son  Nathaniel."  Upon  the  town  record  is  found  the 
date  of  the  baptism  of  Hannah,  daughter  of  Capt.  Na- 
thaniel and  Estlier  Perkins,  Aug.  26,  1711.  Imperfect 
records  leave  us  in  doubt  as  to  time  of  their  marriage,  or 
date  of  the  birth  of  the  children  mentioned  in  the  will  of 
his  mother. 

The  children  of  Nathaniel  and  Esther  Perkins  were  ; 

97  Abraham,  b. 

98  Sanih,  b. 

99  Hannah,  b.  Aug.  26,  1711. 

44  Martha  {Abrahmn^^  John,'^  John^)  was  l)orn  in 
Ipswich,  Mass.,  about  1669.  She  married  John  Brewer, 
jr.,  of  Ipswich,  June  3,  1689.  He  was  a  son  of  elohn, 
sen.,  and  Mary  (AVhitmore)  Brewer,  and  was  born  Oct.  6, 
1653.  He  had  married  first,  Susanna  Warner,  January, 
1674;  she  died  Nov.  20,  1688.  He  was  chosen  town 
clerk  of  Ipswich,  Nov.  27,  1683,  and  died  1697.  His 
widow,  Martha,  was  administratrix  of  his  estate.  After 
his  death  she  married  second, Ingols. 

The  children  of  elohn  and  ^Martha  (Perkins)  were : 

Hannah,  )  ,^   ^^^^   ^^^  1689-90. 
Martha,  ) 
John,  b.  in  1692. 
Mary,  b.  in  1695. 
Martha,  b.  in  June,  1697. 

The  child  of Ingols  and  Martha  was  : 

Samuel,  b. 

45  Elizabeth  (^Ahraham^  John^'^  John^)  was  born  in 
Ipswich,  Mass.,  about  1679.  She  married  Edward  Eve- 
leth,  of  Ipswich,  Jan.  4,  1704. 

Children  of  Edward  and  Elizabeth  (Perkins)  Eveleth 
were : 

Joseph. 
Elizabeth. 


32  THE   PERKINS   FAMILY. 

48  Francis  ( Jacob, ^^  John, ^  John^)  was  born  at  Saga- 
more Hill,  Ipswich,  Mass.,  Dec.  18,  1672.  His  wife  was 
Elizabeth  Eveleth,  daughter  of  tToseph  and  Mary  Eveleth 
of  Chebacco  Parish  ;  the  time  of  their  marriage  is  unknown. 
He  was  a  farmer,  and  died  about  1706.  After  his  death, 
his  widow  married  George  Giddings  of  Gloucester,  as 
we  learn  from  a  deed  of  land  given  by  Jacob,  his  father, 
viz.  :  10  acres  of  land  in  Chebacco  Parish,  which  he  had 
previously  bought  of  his  brother  Nathaniel.  This  land 
he  gave  to  the  two  sons  of  Francis,  when  they  shall  ar- 
rive at  the  age  of  2 1  years :  if  both  sons  die  before  that 
age,  then  the  land  was  to  go  to  their  sister  Elizabeth :  if 
all  three  children  die,  then  the  land  is  to  be  "  for  the  be- 
hoof and  benefit  of  George  Giddings,  who  is  about  to 
marry  with  Elizabeth,  their  mother."  The  deed  was 
signed  by  Jacob  and  Sarah  (Wainwright)  Perkins. 

Children  of  Francis  and  Elizabeth  (Eveleth)  Perkins 
were : 

100  Elizabeth,  b.  ;  m.  Jona.  Ingerson,  of  Gloucester, 

June  14,  1717. 

101  Francis,  b.  ;  lost  at  sea  near  Isle  Sable,  Aug.  15,  1716. 

102  Benjamin,  b.  ;  m.  Mary  Robinson,  Feb.  17,  1727-8. 

51  Mehitable  (Jacob,^^  John,^  John^)  was  born  in 
Ipswich,  Mass.,  July  12,  1681.  She  married  Jacob 
Burnham,  Nov.  20,  1704.  He  was  the  son  of  Deacon 
John  Burnham,  sen.  He  was  born  March  1,  1682,  and 
died  March  2Q,  1773.     She  died  Sept.  6,  1769. 

Children  of  Jacob  and  Mehitable  (Perkins)  Burnham 
were : 

Westly,  b.  April  26,  1706;  d.  March  28,  1707. 

Jacob,  b.  1708;  m.  Sarah  Eveleth,  Aug.  19,  1734;  d.  Dec.  26,  '83. 

Solomon,  b.  1709;    m.  Mehitable  Emerson,  Nov.  13,  1729;   d. 

April  15,  1784. 
John,  b.  ;  ra.  Bethia  Marshall,  May  10,  1736;  d. 


THE   PERKINS   FAMILY.  33 

52  Mary  { Jacob, ^^  John, ^  John  ^)  was  born  in  Ipswich, 
Mass.,  August  2,  1685.  She  married  Capt.  Jonathan 
Burnham,  being  published  March  17,  1710,  and  died  about 
1728.  He  was  son  of  John  Burnham,  was  bom  Oct.  10, 
1685,  and  died  April  3,  1773.  He  married,  second,  Maria 
Foster,  and  by  her  had  seven  children. 

Children  of  Jona.  and  Mary  (Perkins)  Burnham  were  : 

Jonathan,  b.  in  1716. 

Mary,  b.  in  1718. 

Francis,  b.  in  1721;  d.  Dec.  80,  1779. 

Eunice,  b.  April  24,  1726. 

Lucy,  b.  Sept.  17,  1727. 

54  Jacob  { Jacob, ^^  John^  John  ^)  was  bom  at  Saga- 
more Hill,  Ipswich,  Mass.,  Jan.  3,  1690.  He  mamed,  first, 
Elizabeth  Kinsman,  published  March  6,  1713;  she  died 
Sept.  27,  1732  :  second,  Mary  Dresser,  Dec.  6,  1733.  He 
was  a  husbandman,  and  always  resided  upon  the  Sagamore 
Hill  farm,  which  had  ])een  the  possession  of  his  father  and 
grandfather.  When  his  intention  of  marriage  with  his 
second  wife,  Mary,  was  published,  the  entry  on  the  rec- 
ord mentions  him  as  "Jacob  at  the  hill."  He  died  in 
1758.  In  his  will,  made  March  16,  1757,  he  mentions 
his  wife,  Mary,  and  six  of  his  children  as  being  then  alive. 
His  will  was  proved  Jan.  3,  1759.  His  wife,  Mary,  was 
the  executrix. 

Children  of  Jacob  and  Eliz'h  (Kinsman)  Perkins  were  : 

103  Jacob,  bapt.  May  8,  1715;  m.  Mary  Fuller. 

104  Francis,  bapt.  July  28,  1717;  d.  young. 

105  Elizabeth,  bapt.  Oct.  26,  1718;  d.  Aug.  25,  1726. 

106  Lucy,  bapt.  Oct.  16,  1720;  d.  Oct.  30,  1726. 

107  Francis,  bapt.  June  28,  1724. 

108  Elizabeth,  bapt.  Aug.  14,  1726. 

109  Lucy,  bapt.  Aug.  12,  1727;  d.  Feb.  9,  1727-8. 

110  Lucy,  bapt.  Aug.  25,  1728;  d.  March  6,  1728-9. 

111  Daniel,  bapt.  Sept.  19,  1731;  d.  Sept.  29,  1781. 

HIST.    COLL.  XX  3 


34  THE   PERKINS  FAMILY. 

Children  of  Jacob  and  Mary  (Dresser)  Perkins  were : 

112  Mary,  bapt.  Dec.  29,  1734. 

113  Mehitable,  bapt.  Feb.  20,  1735. 

114  Eunice,  bapt.  April  22,  1739. 

115  Sarah,  bapt.  Sept.  5,  1742. 

116  Samuel,  bapt.  May  7,  1748;  d.  Nov.  30,  1748. 

56  John  {Jacob, ^^  John^  John'^)  was  born  at  Saga- 
more Hill,  Ipswich,  Mass.,  Oct.  17,  1693.  He  was  pub- 
lished in  Ipswich  to  Elizabeth  Endicott,  March  15,  1718, 
and  was  married  in  Boston  in  June,  1718.  She  was  bom 
May  8,  1695,  and  was  a  daughter  of  Zerobbabel  and  Grace 
(Symonds)  Endicott,  of  Boxford.  He  was  a  grandson  of 
John  Endicott,  governor  of  the  Massachusetts  Colony. 

John  Perkins  was  a  husbandman,  and  inherited  some 
part  of  his  father's  land  about  Sagamore  Hill.  Many 
deeds  are  on  record,  by  which  he  conveys  parts  of  this 
estate  to  others. 

Children  of  John  and  Eliz'h  (Endicott)  Perkins  were : 

117  Sarah,  bapt.  Feb.  8,  1718. 

118  Elizabeth,  bapt.  June  11,  1721. 

119  John,  bapt.  Oct.  13,  1723;  d.  March  5,  1735. 

120  Eunice,  bapt.  April  10,  1726;  d.  March  31,  1736. 

121  Robert,  bapt.  Aug.  25,  1728 ;  pub.  Eliz'h  Brown,  Apr.  6,  1763. 

122  Hannah,  bapt.  April  12,  1730. 

123  Zerobbabel,  bapt.  Feb.  13,  1731 ;  d.  March  19,  1735. 

124  Anna,  bapt.  Feb.  10,  1733. 

125  Mary,  bapt.  Oct.  26,  1735. 

126  Eunice,  bapt.  Oct.  14,  1739. 

57  Robert  (^ Jacob, ^^  John,^  John^)  was  born  in  Ips- 
wich, Mass.,  and  baptized  Oct.  21,  1695.  He  married 
Elizabeth  Douton,  and  was  published  Oct.  25,  1718.  He 
was  a  fisherman,  and  resided  in  Ipswich.  He,  with  his 
brother  Westly,  sold  land  near  Sagamore  Hill,  which  came 
from  his  father's  estate, 

Nov.   25,   1721.   He,  with  wife  Elizabeth,  quitclaims 


I 


i 


THE  PERKINS  FAMILY.  35 

"to  loving  brother-in-law,  Joseph  Holland,  land  that  was 
formerly  the  estate  of  our  deceased  father,  William  Douton, 
mariner."     His  wife,  Elizabeth,  died  Dec.  4,  1763. 
Children  of  Robert  and  Eliz'h  (Douton)  Perkins  were  : 

127  Jeremiah,  bapt.  Sept.  20,  1719. 

128  Elizabeth,  bapt.  Nov.  27,  1720. 

129  Mary,  bapt.  March  10, 1 722-3 ;  m.  Dan'l  Kinsman,  Jan.  23,  '40. 

58  Westly  { Jacob, ^^  John^  John'^)  was  born  at  Saga- 
more Hill,  Ipswich,  Mass.,  Dec.  3, 1697  ;  married  Abigail 
Rindge,  pub.  Nov.  27,  1725.  He  Avas  by  occupation 
a  fisherman,  as  we  learn  from  deeds  of  land  sold  by  him 
which  are  now  on  record.  He  sold  land  in  Scarborough, 
Maine,  in  1727,  which  land  he  had  granted  him  in  1721. 
He  probably  resided  there  awhile,  and  returned  to  Ips- 
wich.    His  home  was  in  Ipswich  at  the  time  of  his  death. 

The  baptism  of  only  one  of  Westly  and  Abigail  Per- 
kins' children  is  found  recorded,  viz.  : 

130  Abigail,  baptized  Nov.  19,  1727;  m.  Jeremiah  Foster,  jr. 

59  Joseph  {Jacob, ^^  Jolin,^  John^)  was  bom  in  Ips- 
wich, Mass.,  Oct.  9,  1699.  He  married  Elizabeth  Fel- 
lows, being  published  Nov.  2,  1728.  In  deeds  for  the 
transfer  of  land,  he  calls  himself  a  fisherman. 

Joseph  Perkins  died  in  1752.  Dec.  9,  1753,  his  widow 
was  published  with  John  Kinsman.  June  7,  1758,  she 
sold,  by  order  of  court,  *'  the  southeasterly  part  of  the 
dwelling-house,  where  Jeremiah  Perkins  now  lives,  to 
James  Perkins,  joyner,  for  £53-6-8,  which  is  the  estate 
of  the  deceased."  He  died  intestate.  Administration  was 
granted  to  his  widow. 

He,  fisherman,  sells  marsh  in  Ipswich,  near  Sagamore 
Hill,  Feb.  16,  1726-7.  He  sells  an  acre  of  upland  and 
marsh  near  Fox  point,  which  was  given  him  "  by  the  last 


36  THE  PERKINS  FAMILY. 

will  of  my  honored  father,  Jacob  Perkins,"  March  16, 
1626-7. 
Children  of  Joseph  and  Eliz'h  (Fellows)  Perkins  were  : 

131  Elizabeth,  bapt.  June  7,  1730 ;  m.  B.  Crocker. 

132  Joseph,  bapt.  Sept.  5,  1731. 

133  Jonathan,  bapt.  Oct.  28,  1733. 

X34  James,  bapt.  May  23,  1736;  in.  Mary,  wid.  of  Win.  Phillips ; 
d.  Oct.  18,  1818. 

135  Isaac,  bapt.  Oct.  29,  1738. 

136  John,  bapt.  May  10,  1741;  m.  Elizabeth  Hodgkins. 

137  Susanna,  bapt.   Sept.   11,  1743;   m.  Ephraim  Kendall;   d. 

Apr.  1,  1830. 
188  Ephraim,  bapt.  Nov.  19,  1746 ;  unm'd ;  d.  in  1778. 

60  Jeremiah  (Jacob,^^  John^  John  ^)  was  born  in  Ips- 
wich, Mass.,  Dec.  1,  1701.  He  was  published  to  Joanna 
Smith,  Nov.  7,  1730.  He  was  for  many  years  a  deacon 
of  the  First  Church,  and  was  highly  respected.  He  died 
Jan.  18,  1790,  at  the  age  of  eighty-eight  years.  He  was 
a  cooper  by  trade. 

"Joseph  Perkins,  fisherman,  and  Jeremiah  Perkins, 
cooper,  buy  of  Joseph  Foster  and  wife,  Sarah,  at  Ipswich, 
land  near  the.  first  parish  meeting-house,  Jan.  26,  1726, 
Upon  this  lot  they  built  a  house  and  resided  there." 

Felt,  in  his  history  of  Ipswich,  says,  "he  lost  a  wife 
May  25,  1782,  in  her  seventy-first  year  and  left  a  widow 
Joanna."  This  must  have  been  a  mistake,  as  Joanna  was 
his  only  wife. 

Children  of  Jeremiah  and  Joanna  (Smith)  Perkins  were : 

139  Jeremiah,  bapt.  April  1,  1733;  d.  May  1,  1748. 

140  Daniel,  bapt.  Aug.  24,  1735;  d.  June  1,  1736. 

141  Daniel,  bapt.  Jan.  14,  1738. 

142  Joanna,  bapt.  Jan.  22,  1741 ;  m. Chapman. 

143  Aaron,  bapt.  Sept.  2,  1744;  m.  Hannah  Treadwell. 

144  Martha,  bapt.  Feb.  1,  1746;  m. Heard. 

145  Sarah,  bapt.  Apr.  28,  1750;  m.  Col.  Joseph  Hodgkins,  1772. 

146  Jeremiah,  bapt.  Jan.  7,  1753. 

\To  he  continutdS] 


SKETCH  OF  THE  FAMILY  OF  THOMAS  TOWNSEND 
OF  LYNN. 


COMPILED  BY  HENRT  F.  WATERS. 


In  his  search  after  the  origin  of  the  Salem  family  of 
Townsends,  the  compiler  has  collected  so  much  material 
bearing  on  other  families  of  the  name  that  he  has  thought 
it  worth  the  while  to  put  it,  so  tar  as  he  can,  into  a  skele- 
ton shape,  at  least,  and  present  it  to  the  public,  although 
he  is  aware  of  the  large  collections  gathered  by  John  P. 
Townsend,  Esq.,  of  New  York,  and  Capt.  Charles  H. 
Townshend,  of  New  Haven,  the  latter  of  whom  has  re- 
cently issued  a  history  of  his  own  line,  and  published,  iu 
connection  with  it,  a  large  mass  of  valuable  matter  col- 
lected from  the  English  Archives.  The  compiler  trusts 
that  this  mere  sketch  will  not  interfere  with  auy  larger 
and  more  thorough  work  of  either  of  those  gentlemen. 

Thomas  Townsend  born,  according  to  his  own  dep- 
osition, about  A.  D.  1600,  of  Lynn  as  early  as  1638, 
freeman  14  March,  1639,  died  in  Lynn  22  Dec,  1677. 
His  wife  Mary  died  in  Lynn  28  Feb.,  1692-3.  In  deeds 
he  names  sons  Thomas,  Samuel,  John  and  Andrew. 

2.  Thomas,  m.  Mary  Davis. 

3.  Samuel,  m.  Abigail  Davis. 

4.  Elizabeth(?),  m.  Samuel  Meriam  22  Dec,  1669. 

5.  John,  ra.  Sarah  Pearson  27  Jan.,  1668. 

6.  Andrew,  m.  Abigail  Collins  18  July,  1678. 

2  Thomas  (Tliomas^)^  seems  to  have  lived  iu  Eum- 
ncy  Marsh.     He  was  a  member  of  the  Second  Church  in 

(37) 


38  FAMILY  OP  THOMAS   TOWNSEND  ; 

Boston,  and  the  births  of  most  of  his  children  were  en- 
tered on  the  town  records  of  Boston ;  those  of  the  last 
three  on  the  Lynn  records.  His  wife  Mary  was  un- 
doubtedly a  sister  of  his  brother  Samuel's  wife  Abigail, 
and  they  were  both  children  of  Samuel  and  Ann  Davis, 
the  latter  of  whom  after  death  of  her  first  husband,  Davis, 
was  married  to  John  Search,  whom  she  also  outlived, 
and  in  her  will  of  15  May,  1693,  proved  7  June,  1694, 
mentions  son  Gershom  Davis,  daughters  Abigail  Town- 
send  and  Mary  Townsend,  grandson  Samuel  Grice,  sons- 
in-law  Joseph  Griggs  and  John  Green,  granddaughters 
Hannah  Griggs  and  Priscilla  Grice,  and  son-in-law  Sam- 
uel Townsend. 

The  will  of  Thomas  Townsend  of  Lynn,  made  3  Feb., 
1699,  proved  22  July,  1700  (W"  Merriam  one  of  the 
witnesses),  mentions  wife  Mary,  executrix,  and  his  chil- 
dren, without  naming  these. 

7.  Joseph,  b.  23-10-1665;  ra.  1st  Elizabeth  Berry;  2nd  Judith  Wood- 

man ;  and  3rd  Sarah  Atwells. 

8.  Thomas,  b.  10  Dec,  1667;  d.  young. 

9.  James,  m.  Alice  Newell. 

10.  Susanna,  b.  5  Nov.,  1672. 

11.  Joshua,    ^^^^^       ^  21  Nov.,  i674:  ^  ^- ^^  Sept.,  1695. 


Cd. 
id. 


12.  Caleb,      )  (  d.  without  issue. 

13.  Nathan,  b.  5  July,  1677. 

14.  Priscilla,  b.  20  Sept.,  1679. 

15.  Elisha,  b.  9  Sept.,  1680;  d.  1  Oct.,  1693. 

16.  Benjamin,  10  Jan'y,  1682;  m.  Susanna  ,   and  removed  to 

that  part  of  Marlborough,  now  Westborough,  and  had  Benjamin, 
b.  5  May,  1711;  John,  b.  16  April,  1714;  Jonathan,  b.  26  April, 
1717.      He  was  afterwards  living  in  Worcester  and  Brookfleld. 

17.  Hezekiah,  b.  13  April,  1685;  a  currier  and  lived  in  Concord. 

18.  Timothy,  b.  25  May,  1688 ;  d.  18  April,  1706. 

19.  Josiah,  b.  8  May,  1690. 

20.  Thomas,  b.  7  Oct.,  1692, 

3  Samuel  ( Thomas^) ,  occupied  the  BcUingham  farm 
m  Chelsea  and  died  in  Sept.,  1704.     His  wife  Abigail, 


5  JOHN.  39 

for  an  account  of  whose  parentage  see  notice  of  Thomas'*, 
died  25  Jan.,  1728-9.  Of  this  family  and  the  descend- 
ants of  his  grandson  Jeremiah®,  son  of  Isaac^,  Capt.  C.  H. 
Townshend  has  given  us  an  extended  history.  That  gen- 
tleman has  brought  to  light  the  record  of  birth,  etc.,  of 
his  first  three  children. 

21.  Samuel,  b.  12  July,  1661;  m.  1st  Elizabeth  Barlow  15  April,  1693, 

and  2nd  Elizabeth  Mellens  7  April,  1701.  He  lived  in  Charles- 
town.  For  an  account  of  his  descendants,  see  VVymau's  Charles- 
town  Genealogies  and  Estates. 

22.  Abigail,  b.  3  Sept.,  1662. 

23.  Jeremiah,  b. ,  1664;  d.  6  Sept.,  1690. 

24.  David,  b.  29  Sept.,  1665. 

25.  Jonathan,  b.  10  Sept.,  1668;  m.  Elizabeth  Walton  22  March,  1695. 

26.  Anne,  b.  30  Jan.  1672;    d.  (unmarried)   11  Nov.,  1717,  aged  45 

yrs.  9  mos.  (gravestone). 

27.  Solomon,  b.  1  Aug.,  1676;  ra.  1st  Elizabeth  Jarvis  20  June,  1698; 

2nd  Esther  Sugars  15  April,  1714. 

28.  Elias,  b.  2  March,  1678;  m.  Rebecca  Frothingham. 

29.  Abraham,)       .  r  m.  Mary  Eustis  30  Nov.,  1708. 


Aoranam,  )  e 

Isaac,         5  ^^'"^^ '  ^'  ^^  ^^y'  ^^^^ '  \ 


30.   Isaac,         >  '  •"  '( m.  Anne  Ranger  6  July,  1703. 

5  Zo\m  {Thomas^),  married  first  27-ll™«-1668,  Sarah, 
daughter  of  John  Pearson  of  Lynn,  who  died  9  July,  1689, 
and  secondly,  Mehitable  Brown  23  April,  1690.  He  was 
a  wheelwright  and  joined  the  church  in  Reading  in  1676, 
but  in  the  records  of  deeds  he  seems  always  to  be  styled 
of  Lynn.  He  died  14  Dec,  1726.  His  will,  of  15  Jan., 
1722-3,  proved  30  Dec,  1726,  names  wife  Mehitable, 
daughters  Sarah  Wesson,  Mary  Goodwin,  Elizabeth  Gow- 
ing  and  Martha  Townsend,  and  sons  John,  Ebenezer  and 
Daniel.  His  widow,  in  her  will  of  8  Aug.,  1733,  proved 
10  June,  1735,  mentions  Hannah  Aborn,  son  Daniel 
Townsend,  and  his  daughter  Lydia.  Samuel  Parker,  who 
married  Martha  Browne,  calls  John  Townsend,  wheel- 
wright, his  brother-in-law.  Mr.  Townsend  had  issue  by 
both  wives.     By  the  first  he  had  : 


40  FAMILY  OP  THOMAS  TOWNSEND  ; 

31.  Sarah,  b.  4  Sept.,  1673;  m.   Stephen  Wesson   (now  called  Wes- 

ton). 

32.  John,  b.  17  March,  1674-5;  m.  Sarah  Boutell  28  April,  1698. 

33.  Mary,  b.  2  Sept.,  1677;  m.  Nathaniel  Goodwin  1  Sept.,  1701. 

34.  Hannah,  b.  11  Feb.,  1679-80. 

35.  Elizabeth,  b.  9  Nov.,  1683;  m.  Jonathan  Go  wing  24  April,  1722. 

36.  Noah,  b.  30  Aug.,  1686;  d.  15  Dec,  1713. 

37.  Ebenezer,  b.  3  July,  1689 ;  m.  Joanna ,  and  removed  to  Con- 

cord ;  a  weaver  or  clothier. 

By  his  second  marriage  his  children  were : 

38.  Thomas,  b.  7  Oct.,  1692;  d.  1  June,  1716. 

39.  Mehitable,  b.  28  April,  1695;  d.  1  Sept.,  1696. 

40.  Martha,  b.  14  Aug.  1697;  d.  29  May,  1729  (unmarried). 

41.  Daniel,  b.  1  April,  1700;  m.  Lydia  Sawyer  18  Oct.,  1726. 


6  Andrew  {Thomas^)  was  a  farmer  and  lived  in  Lynn. 
He  was  wounded  in  the  Great  Swamp  fight  19  Dec, 
1675.  He  married,  18  July,  1678,  Abigail,  daughter  of 
John  Collins,  and  died  10  Feb.,  1692-3,  his  wife  outliv- 
ing him  but  twelve  days.  His  brother  Samuel  Townsend 
of  Boston,  and  Samuel  Johnson  of  Lynn,  were  appointed 
administrators  on  his  estate  13  March,  1692-3,  and  the 
estate  was  divided  among  his  six  children,  three  of  whom 
were  placed  under  the  guardianship  of  their  "kinsman" 
Daniel  Mansfield.  Abigail  seems  to  have  become  the  wife 
of  Nathaniel  Evens  as  early  as  16  April,  1718,  when  he 
acknowledged  a  receipt  for  himself  and  wife,  of  Samuel 
Johnson,  calling  the  latter  "  uncle." 

42.  Thomas,  b.  12  June,  1679;  m.  1st  Elizabeth ;  2nd  Elizabeth 

Orris. 

43.  Abigail,  b.  23  Jan.,  1680;  m.  Nathaniel  Evens  of  Maiden. 

44.  Elizabeth,  b.  21  May,  1683. 

45.  Mary,  b.  7  July,  1685;  d.  10  Dec,  1685. 

46.  Andrew,  b.  13  Feb.,  1686-7. 

47.  Daniel,  b.  6  Dec,  1688. 

48.  David,  b.  6  April,   1692;  ra.  Mabel    Shippie  1  July,  1714.     [See 

Wy man's  Charlestown.] 


9   JAMES.  41 

7  Joseph  (Thomas^  Thomas^),  horn  23-10-1665  ;  mar- 
ried, first,  Elizabeth  Berry  22  May,  1690  ;  secondly,  9 
Aug.,  1694,  Judith  Woodman  who  died  5  Feb.,  1700-1 ; 
and  thirdly,  Sarah  Atwells  in  1702.  He  was  of  Boston, 
next  of  Charlestown,  in  1698  and  1699,  of  Maiden  from 
1699  until  1713  or  later,  and  afterwards  of  Framingham, 
where  administration  was  granted  to  his  widow,  Sarah,  14 
Oct.,  1720.  By  his  first  wife  he  seems  to  have  had  two 
children ;  by  the  second  three,  and  by  the  third  six,  as 
follows : 

49.  Mary,  b.  7  Feb.,  1690-1. 

50.  Elizabeth,  b.  1  Oct.,  1692. 

51.  Judith,  bapt.  17-11-1696. 

62.  Judith,  b.  20  Feb.,  1698-9. 

63.  Joseph,  b.  18   Jan.,  1700-1;  ra.  Hannah   Bruce  3  May,  1731;  of 

Lancaster  1727,  of  Southboro  1730,  afterwards  of  Marlborough; 
left  widow  Hannah,  son  Joseph  (b.  25  Dec.  1734),  daus.  Eliza- 
beth, wife  of  Josiah  Moore,  Abigail,  wife  of  Amos  Wright,  and 
Lydia  (b.  14  July,  1731),  and  Judith  Townseud  (unmarried  in 
1778). 

64.  Jacob,  b.  —Oct.,  1703;  m.  Sarah of  Framingham,  1727-8, 

where  he  had  Sarah,  b.  12  Sept.,  1731 ;  Jacob,  b.  7  April,  1736; 
Mary,  b.  22  Jan.,  1738;  Nathan,  b.  2  Sept.,  1742;  Samuel,  b.  2 
Feb.,  1744.     He  d   in  Framingham  about  1767. 

65.  Sarah,  b.  28  Feb.,  1705-6. 

66.  PrisciUa,  b.  7  Jan.,  1707-8. 

67.  Timothy,  b.  28  Aug.,  1710;  of  Framingham  1733  and  Hopkinton 

1758 ;  m.  Hannah  Foster  and  had  eight  or  more  children. 

68.  Hannah,  b.  4  March,  1712-13. 

69.  Jerusha,  b.  in  Framingham  29  May,  1717. 

9  James  {Thomai?  Thomas^)  b.  probably  between 
1667  and  1672,  m.  before  1700,  Alice  dau.  of  Abraham 
Newell  ot  Roxbury.  He  was  a  cordwainer  and  seems 
always  to  have  lived  in  Boston.  Adin.  on  his  estate  was 
granted  to  his  son-in-law  Thomas  Bentley  of  Boston,  boat- 
builder,  who  was  also  appointed,  9  April,  1744,  guardian 
of  the  widow  Alice  Towusend,  who  was  non  comjpos  men-' 

HIST.  COLL.  XX  .<* 


45  FAMILY  OF  THOMAS  TOWNSEND  ; 

tis.  111  the  administrator's  account  on  James  Townsend's 
estate  was  credited  a  receipt  for  the  deceased's  sixth  part 
of  Caleb  Townsend's  estate. 

Administration  on  the  estate  of  the  widow  Alice  Towns- 
end  was  granted  25  Aug.,  1749,  to  her  son  Joshua  Towns- 
end  of  Bolton,  Worcester  Co. 

James  Townsend  had  by  his  wife  Alice ^  (Newell)  : 

60.  Joshua,  b.  14  March,  1700-1 ;  tallow-chandler;  m.  Elizabeth  White 

11  Jan.,  1723,  of  Boston  as  late  as  1739;  later  of  Bolton,  Wor- 
cester Co. 

61.  Elisha,  b.  26  Dec,  1702;  a  cooper  in  Mackerel  Lane,  Boston;  m. 

Martha  Newell. 

62.  Alice,  b.  23  Oct.,  1704. 

63.  Susanna,  b.   15  Sept.,  1706;    d.  9  Sept.,  1748  (gravestone);    m. 

Thomas  Bentley  5  Feb.,  1724. 

64.  Davis^,  b.  15  Sept.,  1708;  m.  1st  Sarah  Snelling  9  Nov.,  1732;  and 

2nd,  Mary  Forbes  24  Oct.,  1743;  and  had  Davis,  b.  26 Oct.,  1733, 
James,  b.  30  Aug.,  1735,  and  Joseph,  b.  2  Dec,  1737. 

65.  James,  b.  20  April,  1710;  m.  Rachel  Leatherland  31  July,  1735(?). 

66.  Ruth,  b.  26  Dec,  1712;  d.  22  Oct.,  1718. 

67.  Rachel,  b.  13  July,  1714;  d.  13  Sept.,  1715. 

68.  Patience,  b.  22  Jan.,  1715. 

25  Jonathan  {Samuel^,  Thoynas^),  born  at  Riimney 
Marsh  10   Sept.,  16G8,  m.  Elizabeth  Walton  22  March, 


iThe  Boston  records  show  a  James  Townsend  who  m.  Mary  Lynch  7  Nov., 
1693,  and  had  Mary,  b.  11  Feb.,  1694;  d.  10  Feb.,  1702;  James,  bapt.  18-2-1697;  and 
Agnes,  b.  26  June,  1698.  These  were  all  baptized  in  the  Second  Church,  where 
James  and  Alice  Townsend  had  all  their  children  (except  Patience)  baptized. 
The  compiler  would  have  felt  justified  in  regarding  all  this  as  simply  showing  that 
the  same  individual  had  married  twice  and  had  issue  by  both  marriages,  had  it  not 
been  for  the  discovery,  in  Mr.  Whitmore's  Copp's  Hill  Epitaphs  of  the  following 
entry:  "No.  364.  Here  lyes  Buried  the  Body  of  M"^  James  Townsend ded  April 
18  1767,  in  ye  70t*>  year  of  his  age."  This  would  seem  clearly  to  be  the  James 
bapt.  as  above,  in  1697.  Now  James  and  Alice  Townsend  had,  as  may  be  seen,  a 
son  born  in  1710,  whom  they  had  named  James,  which  would  not  be  likely  to  be 
the  case  if  there  were  a  son  James  by  a  former  wife  then  living. 

2  The  town  record  seems  to  show  this  Davis  to  be  a  son  of  a  James  and  Agnes 
Townsend;  but  the  church  record  gives  the  name  in  the  regular  order  among  the 
baptisms  of  James  Townsend's  children;  and  it  will  be  noticed  that  the  order  of 
births  (every  other  year)  is  thus  lett  without  a  break.  It  may  be  that  the  report  of 
the  birth  was  made  to  the  clerk  of  the  records  viva  voce,  and  that  the  name  Alice 
sounded  to  his  ears  Annis,  and  was  by  him  written  (properly)  Agnes. 


28   ELiAS.  43 

1695.  Administration  on  his  estate  was  granted  16  April, 
1718,  to  his  widow  Elizabeth  Townsend,  whose  sureties 
were  Francis  Smith  and  Samuel  Walton.  The  widow 
received  her  third,  and  the  rest  was  divided  among  the 
children,  of  whom  David  received  the  real  estate,  he  pay- 
ing the  other  two. 

Jonathan  and  Elizabeth  (Walton)  Townsend  had  : 

69.  Jonathan,  b.   1  Jan.,  1697;  Ilarv.  Coll.,  1716;  m.  Mary  Sugars  26 

May,  1720,  and  was  minister  of  the  church  at  Needham ;  father 
of  the  Rev'd  Jonathan  Townsend  (Harv.  Coll.,  1741)  of  Med- 
fleld. 

70.  David,  b.  25  June,  1699;    m.   Mary  Hutchinson  of  Lynn  (pub.  1 

Nov.,  1724) ;  d.  in  Lynnfleld  31  July,  1774,  in  his  76th  year;  had 
children  Mary,  b.  1725;  David,  b.  1727;  m.  Judith  Wiley  1748; 
Elizabeth,  b.  1728-9;  and  Martha,  who  m.  William  Richardson 
25  July,  1754. 

71.  Elizabeth,  b.  27  Dec,  1703. 

27  Solomon  (SamueP  Thomas^),  born  1  Aug.,  1676, 
was  a  blacksmith,  and  perhaps  lived  near  Salutation  Alley 
in  north  end  of  Boston.  He  married  first,  20  June,  1698, 
Elizabeth  Jarvis,  who  died  21  Sept.,  1713,  aged  47  years 
and  7  months;  secondly,  15  April,  1714,  Esther  Sugars. 

He  had  the  following  children  : 

72.  Mary,  bapt.  2-2-1699  (Second  Church). 

73.  Peter,  b.  24  March,  1700-1. 

74.  Lydia,  b.  21  May,  1704. 

75.  Solomon,  b.  23  Oct.,  1705. 

76.  Jeremiah,  b.  24  April,  1708. 

77.  Solomon,  b.  25  Aug.,  1715;  probably  of  Maiden  with  wife  Mary. 

78.  Gregory,  b.  27  Dec,  1718. 

28  Elias  {Samuel^  Thomas^),  born  2  March,  1678, 
was  a  blockmaker,  and  seems  to  have  lived  at  North  End 
in  Boston,  in  a  tenement  on  Love  street,  which  he  bought 
of  John  Love,  in  1704-5,  and  sold  to  Ebenezer  Graves 
in  1715.     He  afterwards  bought  real  estate  at  West  End 


44  FAMILY   OF  THOMAS   TOWNSEND  ; 

on  Southack  street.   By  wife  Rebecca,  daughter  of  Samuel 
Frothingham  of  Charlestown,  he  had  : 

79.  Rebecca,  b.  31    March,   1706   (a  Rebecca  is  said  to  have  d.  6 

March,  1705). 

80.  Elias,  b.  27  Oct.,  1710;  perhaps  m.  Elizabeth  Slaughter  26  May, 

1732. 

81.  John,  b.  20  Nov.,  1716. 

29  Abraham  {Samuel^  Thomas^),  born  20  May, 
1682,  was  a  farmer,  and  married,  30  Nov.,  1708,  Mary 
Ewstis,  by  whom  he  had  (born  in  Boston)  : 

82.  Abraham,  b.  19  Feb.,  1709;  d.  2  July,  1712. 

83.  Nathan,  b.  31  May,  1711. 

84.  Mary,  b.  2  Nov.,  1715. 

85.  Abraham,  b.  5  Nov.,  1717. 

His  wife  Mary  died  28  Jan.,  1718.  He  seems  to  have 
removed  to  Saco  and  Biddeford  (Maine),  and  to  have  mar- 
ried again.  John  P.  Townsend,  Esq.,  of  New  York,  is 
one  of  his  descendants. 

30  Isaac  (SamueF  Thomas^)  twin  brother  of  the 
above,  born  20  May,  1682,  was  a  cooper,  and  married  6 
July,  1703,  Anna,  daughter  of  Edmund  Ranger,  who  died 
8  Nov.,  1726.  In  1716  he  bought  of  Henry  Bridgham, 
tanner,  all  his  interest  in  certain  real  estate  in  Winter 
street,  adjoining  land  of  Col.  Townsend  and  of  Thomas 
Salter.     He  died  12  Jan.,  1717-18  (gravestone). 

They  had  the  following  children  : 

86.  Isaac,  b.  26  March,  1704. 

87.  Ebenezer,  b.  2  Jan.,  1705;  d.  28  Sept.,  1708. 

88.  Ebenezer,  bapt.  7-6-1709. 

89.  Jeremiah,  b.   12  Nov.,  1711;  a  peruke  malcer;  m.  1st,  16  April, 

1734,  Hannah,  daughter  of  John  Kneeland,  bricklayer,  and 
sister  of  the  well  known  printer,  Samuel  Kneeland ;  and  2nd, 
Mrs.  Rebecca  Coit  9  Oct.,  1746.  For  an  extended  account  of 
his  family,  see  the  Townsend  Genealogy,  compiled  by  his  de- 
scendant, Capt.  Charles  H.  Townshend  of  New  Haven. 


41    DANIEL.  45 

90.  Anna,  b.  27  Jane,  1714;  m.  David  Bell  28  Aug.,  1785. 

91.  Ebenezer,  b.  22  June,  1716;  m.  Elizabeth  Larman  23  Nov.,  1738. 

32  John  (John^  Thomas^),  born  in  Lynn  17  March, 
1674-5,  married  28  April,  1698,  Sarah  Boutell  of  Read- 
ing, whither  he  moved  and  settled  himself.  His  wife 
Sarah  died  5  Oct.,  1737  ;  and  he  himself  died  in  January, 
1757,  aged  about  eighty  years. 

They  had  (born  in  Lynn  and  Reading): 

92.  John,  b.  8  Sept.,  1700;  m.   1st  Tabitha  Damon  1  Jan.,  1722;  and 

2nd  Mary . 

93.  James,  b.  14  Feb.,  1702-3;  m.  Elizabeth  Temple  11  July,  1727. 

94.  Sarah,  b.  25  March,  1705;  m.  Brown  Emerson  17  June,  1725. 

95.  Timothy,  b.  15  July,  1708 ;  shoemaker,  of  Reading  as  late  as  1731 ; 

removed  to  Salisbury  in  1732;  m.  Martha  (Buswell?)  ;  d.  about 
1754,  leaving  widow  Martha,  and  children  William,  John,  Tim- 
othy, Sarah  (wife  of  John  Pike),  and  Martha. 

96.  Jacob,  b.  12  Sept.,  1712;  d.  5  June,  1714. 

97.  Mary,  b.  22  April,  1717;  d.  6  July,  1717. 

41  Daniel  {Johrv'  Thomas^),  born  in  Lynn  1  April, 
1700,  married  Lydia  Sawyer  of  Reading  18  Oct.,  1726. 
He  had  received  his  father's  real  estate,  and  always  lived 
in  that  part  of  Lynn  now  called  Lynntield.  His  wife  died 
30  April,  1749,  and  he  died  10  Oct.,  176L 

The  will  of  Deacon  Townsend,  made  29  Sept.,  1761, 
and  proved  26  Oct.,  1761,  mentions  daughters  Lydia 
(Mason),  Mehitable  Dorcas  &  Betty  and  sons  Thomas 
and  Daniel. 

98.  Lydia,  b.  24  Aug.,   1728;   m.  Charles  Mason  of  Salem  (pub.  29 

Sept.,  1751). 

99.  John,  b.  14  July,  1731;  d.  18  June,  1749. 

100.  Mehitable,  b.  10  June,  1734;  m.  James  Goold,jr.,  3  Jan.,  1758. 

101.  Thomas,  b.  23  Aug.,  1736;  m.  Susanna  Green. 

102.  Daniel,  b.  26  Dec,  1738;  m.  Zerviah  Upton  of  Reading  24  Jan., 

1764. 

103.  Dorcas,  b.  18  Sept.,  1741;  m.  James  Pnnchard  30  July,  1760. 

104.  Jacob,  b.  6  May,  1744;  d.  28  June,  1749. 

105.  Martha,  b.  10  April,  1746;  d.  18  June,  1749. 

106.  Betsey,  b.  30  March,  1749. 


46  FAMILY   OF  JOSEPH   TOWNSEND  ; 

42  Thomas  {Andrew^  Thomas^),  born  in  Lynn  12 
June,  1679,  was  a  cordwainer,  and  lived  in  Boston  (Char- 
ter street) .  Administration  on  his  estate  was  granted  4 
Jan.,  1730,  to  his  widow  Elizabeth,  her  brother-in-law, 
David  Townsend  of  Charlestown  being  one  of  her  sure- 
ties. His  heirs  were  a  son  Thomas,  and  a  daughter 
Elizabeth,  wife  of  Robert  Newman. 

Thomas  Townsend  probably  had  two  wives  named  Eliz- 
abeth. By  the  first,  whose  surname  has  not  been  ascer- 
tained, he  had : 

107.  Mary,  b.  28  March,  1699;  died  young. 

He  married,  secondly,  24  Dec,  1702,  Elizabeth  Orris, 
by  whom  he  had  : 

108.  Andrew,  b.  12  Nov.,  1705;  d.  17  July,  1706. 

109.  Elizabeth,  b.  7  April,  1707;  ra.  Robert  Newman  9  March,  1731. 

110.  Samuel,  b.  12  March,  1708;  d.  26  Sept.,  1711. 

111.  Samuel,  b.  11  Feb.,  1711;  d.  2  Aug.,  1712. 

112.  Martha,  b.  10  Dec,  1713;  d.  29  July,  1714. 

113.  Thomas,  b.  6  Aug.,  1715;  m.  Sarah  Brewster  24  July,  1735. 

114.  Hannah,  b.  15  July,  1720;  d.  I  Oct.,  1720. 

115.  John,  bapt.  23-7-1722;  d.  young. 


JOSEPH  TOWNSEND  OF  BOSTON. 

To  what  family  of  Townsends  this  individual  belonged 
has  not  yet  been  ascertained.  He  was  a  merchant  or 
shopkeeper,  and  seems  to  have  lived  at  North  End,  in 
Coney's  Lane,  until  June  30,  1697,  when  he  and  his  wife 
Dorothy  sold  their  dwelling  house  there  to  Francis  Bur- 
roughs, a  merchant,  of  Boston.  This  wife,  Dorothy,  was 
a  daughter  of  Christopher  Clarke  of  Boston,  as  appears 
by  Suffolk  Deeds  (B.  16,  L.  267),  by  which  she  and  her 
husband  received,   15  Dec,  1693,  a  quitclaim  from  the 


JOSEPH.  47 

other  children  and  heirs  of  Mr.  Clarke,  viz.  :  Sampson 
and  Susanna  Stoddard,  David  and  Elizabeth  Mason,  Ste- 
phen and  Mary  Minot,  Joseph  Bridghani  and  Christopher 
Clarke,  jr.  In  1684  Mr.  Townsend  gave  a  bond  of  forty 
pounds  with  Thomas  Adams  "  that  Thomas  Addams,  Sta- 
tion*",  or  any  of  his  family  shall  not  be  chargeable  to  this 
towne  of  Bostone  dureing  his  or  any  of  theire  abode  there- 
in." 

Administration  on  Joseph  Townsend's  estate  was  prob- 
ably granted  to  Mr.  Roger  Kilcup  in  1698  (most  of  the 
record  has  been  torn  out  of  the  book),  and  the  said  es- 
tate was  represented,  9  Sept.,  1699,  to  be  insolvent. 
Penn  Townsend,  Esq.,  was  one  of  the  creditors. 

Of  the  children  of  Joseph  and  Dorothy  Townsend  the 
history  of  the  eldest  daughter  only  (Rebecca)  has  been 
looked  up.  She  was  married  to  Elias  or  Eliah  Adams, 
of  Boston,  shopkeeper,  who  had  previously  married  a 
daughter  of  Deane  Winthrop,  Esq.,  by  whom  he  had  one 
daughter,  Priscilla.  His  nuncupative  will  is  given  as 
follows  : 

"The  Deposition  of  Josiah  Tny,  R()l)ert  Ellis  Susanna 
Craflford  &  Lydia  Chapin  all  of  full  age . 

The  Deponents  Testify  &  say,  That  upon  the  9^''  of 
December  1708  they  Avere  all  together  present  in  the 
Dwelling  House  of  Elias  Adams  of  Boston  in  the  County 
of  Suffolk  in  New  England  Shopkeeper  deceased,  at  which 
time  the  said  Elias  Adams  was  sick  of  the  sickness  where- 
of in  a  few  hours  after  he  dyed.  But  being  then  very 
sencible  and  of  sound  mind  and  memory  to  the  best  of  the 
Deponents  discerning,  he  desired  the  Deponents  to  bear 
Witness  of  his  Will  concerning  the  Disposal  of  his  Es- 
tate or  to  that  Effect  and  then  declared  &  expressed  him- 
self after  this  manner,  having  first  committod  his  Soul 
into   the   hands  of  Jesus  Christ  his  Redeemer  Namely, 


48  FAMILY   OF  JOSEPH  TOWNSEND  ; 

After  my  Debts  and  Funeral  Charges  are  paid  I  leave  all 
my  Estate  into  the  hands  of  my  dear  wife  Rebeckah 
Adams  so  long  as  she  remains  a  widow  I  give  to  my  son 
Eliah  Adams  five  hundred  pounds  more  than  an  equal 
share  with  the  rest  of  my  children  that  are  born  and  of 
that  my  wife  is  with  child  of  And  as  for  Priscilla  my 
will  &  meaning  is  that  w^hat  she  is  to  receive  at  Pullen 
Point  of  her  Grandfather  Winthrops  Estate  shall  be  reck- 
oned as  part  of  her  Portion,  because  I  received  none  with 
her  mother  I  give  my  mother  Townsend  all  the  goods 
in  the  Shop  that  were  mine,  and  all  that  she  is  Indebted 
to  me  I  give  to  my  Kinsman  Eliah  Baker  that  lives  at 
my  uncle  Minots  fifty  pounds  I  give  to  my  own  mother 
Hannah  Adams  Twenty  Shillings  a  year  as  long  as  she  lives 
I  make  my  wile  Rebeckah  sole  Executrix  signed  the  10'** 

December  1708  by  us. 

Josiah  Tay 

Robert  Ellis 
Susanna  Crafibrd 
Lydia  Chapin." 

Stephen  and  Mercy  Minot  conveyed,  16  Feb.,  1708, 
to  Rebecca  Adams,  widow  and  shopkeeper,  a  messuage 
in  Union  street,  near  the  head  of  the  Town  Dock,  then 
in  the  tenure  and  occupation  of  Joseph  Gilbert,  having  a 
passage  way,  eight  feet  wide  between  the  houseing  of  the 
messuage  thereby  sold  and  the  house  of  the  said  Minot 
then  in  the  tenure  and  occupation  of  the  widow  Townsend, 
mother  of  the  aforesaid  Rebecca.  The  witnesses  were 
Sarah  Clarke  and  Francis  Burroughs.  The  same  day  Mrs. 
Adams  made  a  conveyance  to  Stephen  Minot,  in  which  she 
referred  to  her  grandfather  Christopher  Clarke  deceased. 

It  is  doubtful  if  this  Joseph  Townsend  had  any  other 
wife  than  Dorothy  Clarke,  notwithstanding  the  entry  on 


NAME   or  TOWNSEND.  49 

the  Boston  city  records,  of  a  Joseph,  son  of  Joseph  and 
Mary  Townsend,  born  Dec.  23,  1665.  This  entry  is  out 
of  place ;  and,  if  we  look  back  to  the  family  of  Thomas 
and  Mary  Townsend  (of  the  Lynn  family) ,  we  shall  find 
that  they  had  a  son  Joseph  born  the  very  same  day.  The 
copyist  of  the  old  town  records  may  have  committed  an 
error. 

Joseph  and  Dorothy  Townsend  had  : 

1.  Rebecca,  b.  13  Oct.,  1672;  m.  Eliah  Adams  16  July,  1703. 

2.  Ann,  b.  21  Oct.,  1674. 

3.  Dorothy,  b.  17  Nov.,  1677. 


A  FEW  ENGLISH  NOTES 
RELATING  TO  THE  NAME  OF  TOWNSEND. 

WILLS. 

Anthony  Townesende,  of  parish  of  St.  Giles  in  the 
Field,  Middlesex,  innholder,  23  June,  1562,  proved  10 
Aug.,  1562;  mentions  daughter  Johane  Townesende, 
sister  Katheren  Millet  and  her  daughter ;  every  one  of 
his  nephews  and  nieces  "being  at  this  present  twentie 
in  number;"  every  one  of  William  Foster's  children; 
brother  Henry  Townesende  ;  to  wife  Elizabeth  the  mes- 
suage called  the  White  Hart,  St.  Giles,  and,  after  her 
death,  his  brother  Thomas  Townesende  to  have  the  lease, 
and,  failing  him,  Anthony  Townesende  son  of  John. 

Richard  Townesende  of  Longbridge,  parish  of  St.  Mary, 
town  of  Warwick,  7  Aug.,  1576,  proved  12  Nov.,  1576; 
mentions  son-in-law  Richard  Wilmore  of  Sherborne  and 
his  wife  Margaret ;  John  and  Richard,,  sons  of  brother 
John  Townesende,  of  Brighthorne,  Warwick ;  Walter, 
son  of  brother  William  Townsende  of  Wilmescote,  Co. 

HIST.   COLL.  XX  4 


50  ENGLISH  NOTES. 

Oxford,  husbandman,  and  Richard  and  William,  brothers 
of  Walter;  brother  Thomas  Townesende  dwelling  at 
Waste woodde,  Co.  Northampton ;  wife  Johane ;  four 
children  of  cousin  John  Whitterige  of  Barforde ;  Alice 
and  Ann,  daughters  of  brother  John ;  sister  Johane 
Randle  ;  brother  Peter  Townsende  and  Jane,  his  daughter  ; 
John  Townesende  of  Tachbroke  a  witness. 

William  Townsende,  of  Thorp,  Surrey,  yeoman,  13 
Nov.,  1578,  proved  31  Jan.,  1578  ;  to  eldest  son  William 
freehold  land  etc.  in  Hatton,  Middlesex,  he  to  pay  sons 
Henry  and  John,  at  twenty-two  years  of  age  ;  son  Richard 
daughters  Susan  and  Alice ;  wife  Alice  executrix ;  over- 
seers, brother  James  Townsende  and  John  Griffen. 

William  Townsend,  of  Morton,  Gloucestershire  (nun- 
cupative) 26  Sept.,  1580,  proved  27  Oct.,  1581 ;  mentions 
his  mother,  brother  Winchester,  brothers  Robert  and 
Richard  Townsend,  brother  Bickarston  and  brother  Richard 
Walford. 

Robert  Townesende,  of  Moreton  Henmarshe,  5  March, 
1582,  proved  13  Feb.,  1584;  mentions  daughter  Anne 
Fenne  and  her  daughter,  and  her  son  Edw.  Browne ;  the 
children  of  son  Thomas ;  sons  Richard  and  William ; 
daughter  Rainborow  ;  wife  (not  named). 

Thomas  Townsend,  of  Crymplesham,  Norfolk,  yeoman, 
6  Dec,  1583,  proved  12  Aug.,  1586;  mentions  Mr. 
Aurelian  and  Mr.  Francis  Townsend,  children  of  John 
Townsend,  of  West  Derham  Esq.  ;  John  Townsend  and 
wife  Anne. 

Humfrey  Towneshende,  citizen  and  fishmonger  of 
London,  16  Dec,  1588,  proved  4  Jan.,  1588;  mentions 
wife  Katherine  (with  child)  and  son  Humfrey. 

Richard  Townsend,  20  Sept.,  1588,  proved  16  June, 
1589  ;  mentions  wife  Christian  and  youngest  son  John ; 
church  of  St.  Nicholas,  Warwick. 


NAME    OF   TOWNSEND.  51 

Richard  Townsend,  of  Markct-Harborowe,  Leicester- 
shire, cooper,  21  Aug.,  1590,  proved  25  Nov.,  1590; 
wishes  to  be  buried  in  parish  church  of  St.  Mary  in  Ar- 
dent ;  mentions  sister  Margaret  Townsend  ;  brother  Jeff- 
rey Townsend ;  brother  John  Townsend  and  his  heirs ; 
sister  Jean. 

William  Townesend,  of  Plastowe,  parish  of  Westham, 
Essex,  yeoman,  11  Dec,  1598,  proved  2  Jan.,  1598; 
mentions  wife  Judith,  sons  John  and  William  and  three 
daughters,  Judith,  Dorothy  and  Elizabeth ;  adm.  granted 
to  John  Jackson  during  minority  of  these  children. 

William  Townesend,  of  Hinton,  Northampton  (nuncu- 
pative will  a  little  before  his  death,  viz.  :  5  Jan.,  1606), 
mentions  William  Townsend  "my  sounes  sonne  of  Bucks," 
Richard  Butler's  two  boys ;  son  Walter  Townsend's  four 
sons ;  wife  Anne. 

Walter  Townsend,  of  Hinton,  Northampton,  1630; 
mentions  sons  William  Richard,  Martyn,  Peter  and  John. 

FINE    ROLLS. 

Richard  Townsend  (30*''Eliz*'*)  has  livery  of  tenements 
in  Oxhill,  Warwickshire,  that  had  been  his  father  Richard's. 

Francis  Townsend  (42^  Eliz***)  son  of  Richard  Town- 
send,  lands  in  Carsington,  Oxfordshire. 

Richard  Townsend  (15'**  James)  son  of  Richard  Town- 
send,  lands  in  Oxhill,  Warwickshire. 

Thomas  Townsend,  son  of  Thomas,  has  lands  in  Alves- 
ton,  etc.,  Warwick,  1  Feb.,  18'*"  James. 

Thomas  Townsend  (12*^  Charles),  son  of  George 
Townsend,  Waddenworth,  Lincolnshire. 


SALEM  MEADOWS,  WOODLAND,  AND  TOWN  NECK. 


BY  HERBERT  B.  ADAMS. 


We  have  examined  the  subject  of  common  jfields,  where 
planting  lands  were  associated  together  under  certain  com- 
munal laws  as  regards  the  choice  of  crops,  the  regulation  of 
fences,  the  reservation  of  herbage,  and  the  employment  of 
the  lands  of  individuals  for  a  common  pasture  in  the  fall 
of  the  year.  We  have  seen  that  the  old  English  system 
of  land  community  was  reproduced  at  Salem  in  some  of  its 
most  striking  features.  Let  us  now  briefly  consider 
the  topics  of  common  meadow,  common  woodland,  and 
common  pasture,  in  the  full  sense  of  that  term.  In  these 
matters  we  shall  find  that  the  old  English  customs  were 
still  more  minutely  followed.  The  first  item  of  interest, 
in  connection  with  the  subject  of  common  meadow,  is  the 
fact  that  the  Old  Planters^  enjoyed  such  a  common  all  for 
themselves.  It  was  known  as  "the  Old  Planters  medow 
neere  Wenham^  common."     And  yet  even  this  meadow 


iTown  Records  of  Salem,  i,  76, 138. 

3  Wenham  Common  is  mentioned  only  once  in  the  town  records  of  Salem,  bnt 
Wenham  Swamps  are  frequently  noticed.  These  great  swamps  are  interesting 
because  they  continued  for  many  years  common  to  both  Ipswich  and  Wenham,  as 
were  certain  swamps  to  Plymouth  and  Plympton.  By  an  Act  of  the  Province 
legislature  in  1755,  the  proprietors  of  Ipswich  and  Wenham  were  authorized  to 
meet  and  prohibit  the  general  use  of  Wenham  Great  Swamp  as  a  common  pasture, 
in  order  that  the  growth  of  wood  and  timber  might  not  be  hindered.  (Province 
Laws,  iii,  799). 

Wenham  is  a  curious  case  of  one  town  budding  from  another.  It  appears  from 
the  Massachusetts  Colony  Records  (i,  279)  that  the  inhabitants  of  Salem  agreed  to 
plant  a  village  near  Ipswich  River  and  the  Court  thereupon  ordered,  in  1639,  that 
all  lands  lying  between  Salem  and  said  river,  not  belongmg  by  grant  to  any  other 
town  or  person,  should  belong  to  said  village.  In  1643,  it  was  oi-dered  by  the  Court 
that  "  Enon"  be  called  '*  Wennan"  and  constitute  a  town,  with  power  to  send  one 
deputy  to  the  General  Court  (ii,  44).  Johnson,  in  his  Wonder-working  Providence 
(W.  F.  Poole's  ed.,  1«9),  calls  Wenham  Salem's  "little  sister."    He  says  Salem 

(62) 


OLD   PLANTERS*  MEADOWS.  53 

was  under  the  authority  of  the  town,  for  it  was  ordered 
in  1638  "that  the  meadow  that  is  in  common  amonjrst 
some  of  our  Brethren  Mr.  Conant  &  others  shall  be  fenced 
in  the  ffirst  day  of  April  &  left  common  again  the  last  of 
September  euery  yeare."  This  signifies  that  a  piece  of 
grass-land  common  to  a  little  group  of  men  for  mowing 
was  also  common  to  the  whole  town  for  pasture  in  the 
fall.  3 

The  whole  town  of  Salem  once  had  its  common  meadows, 
just  as  did  the  town  of  Plymouth,*  where  the  practice 
continued  long  after  the  partnership  with  the  London 
merchants  was  dissolved.  In  both  places,  it  was  long 
customary  in  town  meeting  to  assign  lots  where  men  should 
mow  for  one  year,  or  for  a  longer  period.  The  word  "  lot" 
as  applied  to  land  carries  a  history  in  itself.  In  1637,  it 
was  ordered  by  the  selectmen  of  Salem  "that  all  the  marsh 
ground  that  hath  formerlie  beene  Laid  out  for  hay  grass 
shall  be  measured."^  This  was  the  first  step  towards  the 
allotment  of  the  Salem  meadows.  Before  this  time  they 
had  been  absolutely  common,  as  is  clear  from  a  vote  like 
the  following,  passed  in  1636,  by  the  Selectmen  :  "Wm. 
Knight  Rec*^  for  an  inhabitant,  but  noe  Lands  to  appropriat 
vntohim  but  a  10  acre  lott,  &  common  for  his  cattle  grasae 


nonrished  her  «p  in  her  own  bosom  till  she  became  of  age,  and  gave  her  a  goodly 
portion  of  land.  '*  Wenham  is  very  well-watered,  as  most  inland  Towns  are,  tlie 
people  live  altogether  upon  husbandry,  New  England  having  trained  up  great 
store  to  this  occupation,  they  are  increased  in  cattle,  and  most  of  them  live  very 
well,  yet  are  they  no  great  company;  they  were  some  good  space  of  time  there 
before  they  gathered  into  a  Church-body"  [1G44]. 

»  Mr.  William  P.  Uphani,  in  the  bulletin  of  the  Essex  Institute,  ii,  51,  says,  in 
1663  the  town  gi-anted  to  George  Emery  the  herbage  of  that  parcel  of  lan<i  which 
was  John  Woodbury's  in  the  old  planters' marsh  and  all  right  ofj'ommonagc  the  town 
might  have  claimed  to  him  and  his  heirs  forever,  and  in  KidS,  to  Wm.  Hatiiorne  the 
town's  right  and  privileges  in  the  planters'  marsh.  Mr.  Upham  thinks  the  mart^h 
was  common  to  the  old  planters  before  Endicott's  arrival,  ii,  52. 

♦Bradford,  History  of  Plymouth  Plantation,  216-7.  Plymouth  Col.  Rec.,  i,  14, 
40,66. 

'Town  Records  of  Salem,  i,  44. 


54  DIVISION  AMONG   FAMILIES. 

(&  Aay."  ^  Eight  months  after  the  above  order  in  reference 
to  the  measurement  of  the  meadows,  it  was  "agreed  that 
the  marsh  meadow  Lands  that  haue  formerly  layed  in 
common  to  this  Towne  shall  now  be  appropriated  to  the 
Inhabitants  of  Salem, proportioned  out  vnto  them  according 
to  the  heads  of  their  families.  To  those  that  haue  the 
greatest  number  an  acre  thereof  &  to  those  that  haue  least 
not  aboue  haue  an  acre,  &  to  those  that  are  betweene  both 
3  quarters  of  an  acre,  alwaies  provided  &  it  is  so  agreed 
that  none  shall  sell  away  theire  proportions  of  meadow, 
more  or  lesse,  nor  lease  them  out  to  any  aboue  3  yeares, 
vnlesse  they  sell  or  lease  out  their  bowses  w*Hheir  meadow."^ 
This  restriction  upon  the  alienation  of  allotted  land  is 
repeatedly  paralleled  in  the  records  of  Plymouth  Planta- 
tion, where  grants  were  made  to  lie  to  so  and  so's  house-lot 
in  Plymouth  and  not  to  be  sold  from  it.  * 

The  above  division  ^  of  Salem  meadows  among  the  fami- 
lies of  the  town  was  managed  by  the  "ffive  Layers  out," 
Captain  Trask,  Mr.  Conant,  John  Woodbury,  John  Balch, 
and  Jeffrey  Massey.  In  the  town  records,  there  is  to  be 
seen  in  the  handwriting  of  Mr.  Conant,  a  list  of  the  heads 
of  families,  and  before  each  name  stands  the  number  of 
persons  thereby  represented.  Roger  Conant  headed  a 
family  of  nine  persons  ;  John  Woodbury,  six  ;  John  Balch, 
six ;  Captain  Trask,  seven ;  and  Mr.  Endicott,  nine. 
These  heads  of  households  received  each  an  acre,  for,  by 


e  Ibid,  28.  ^ibia,  61, 101-4. 

»  Restrictions  upon  the  alienation  of  land  were  very  frequent  at  Plymouth  and 
elsewhere.  See  Ply.  Col.  i,  46  (eight  cases),  82.  Cf.  Laveleye,  Primitive  Property, 
118,  121,  152.  Mass.  Rec,  i,  201;  Conn.  Rec,  i,  351;  Allen,  Wenham,  26;  Freeman, 
Cape  Cod,  ii,  254;  Lambert,  New  Haven,  163;  Bond,  Watertown,  995. 

'  The  granting  of  hay-lots  by  the  year  to  old  and  new  comers  went  on  to  some 
extent  after  the  above  division  of  the  common  meadow,  which  doubtless  remained 
common,  like  the  Old  Planters*  meadow,  after  the  hay  had  been  gathered.  The 
following  is  a  specimen  of  an  annual  hay-grant:  "Graunted  for  the  yeare  to  mr. 
ffisk  &  Mr.  ffogge  the  hay  grasse  of  the  salt  marsh  medow,  at  the  side  of  the  old 
Planters  fields"  Town  Rec.  of  Salem,  i,  87. 


WOOD-COMMONAGE.  55 

the  town  vote,  the  greatest  families  could  not  have  more 
than  that  amount  of  meadow.  It  gratifies  one's  sense  of 
justice  to  be  assured  that  Goodwife  Scarlet,  Mistress 
Robinson,  the  Widow  More,  Widow  Mason,  Widow  Fel- 
ton.  Widow  Greene,  and  "Vincent's  mother"  received 
each  their  proper  allowance. 

Common  of  wood,  as  well  as  of  meadow,  was  long 
practised  at  Salem.  It  was  ordered  in  1636,  that  all  the 
land  along  the  shores  on  Darby's  Fort  Side,  up  to  the 
Hoojsties  and  thence  towards  Marblehead,  ^^  'd\ou<x  the  shore 
and  for  twenty  rods  inland,  should  be  "reserued  for  the 
Commons  of  the  towne  to  serue  it  for  wood  &  timber."  ^^ 
But  the  privilege  of  wood  commonage  was  not  to  beabused. 
Whatever  a  townsman  needed  for  fuel,  fencing,  or  building 
purposes,  he  could  freely  have,  but  it  was  strictly  ordered 
that  "noe  sawen  boards,  clap  boards  or  other  Timber  or 
wood  be  sold  or  transported"  out  of  town  by  any  inhabi- 
tant unless  the  above  be  first  oftered  for  sale  "  to  the 
thirteene  men."^"^  Similar  restrictions  in  regard  to  the 
export  of  timber  prevailed  in  Plymouth  Colony.  ^^  In  the 
early  history  of  Massachusetts,  the  colonial  government, 
at  one  time,  undertook  to  regulate  the  cutting  of  timber. 


"  Marblehead  is  an  interesting  case  of  a  town  voluntarily  created  by  another 
town.  Usually  legislative  action  came  flrst  and  towns  were  forceil  to  allow  tlie 
secession  of  precincts.  In  1()48,  it  was  declared  at  a  general  town  meeting  in 
Salem  tliat  •'  ISIarble  Head,  with  the  allowance  of  tlie  general  Court,  slial  be  a  towiic 
and  the  bounds  to  be  the  vtmost  extent  of  that  land  which  was  mr.  Uumphries" 
farme  and  sould  to  Marble  Head,  and  soe  all  tlie  neck  to  the  Sea,  reserving  the 
disposing  of  the  fferry  and  the  appoynting  of  the  fferry  man  to  Salem."  (Town 
Rec,  i,  15(>-7).  Cf.  Mass.  Col.  Ilec,  i.  1(>5.  "It  was  i)roued  this  Court  that  Marble 
Necke  belongs  to  Salem."  Cf.  Ibid,  226.  In  164U,  May  2.  "  Upon  the  petition  of  the 
inhabitants  of  Marble  Head,  for  them  to  be  a  towne  of  themselues;  Salem  haveing 
granted  them  to  be  a  towne  of  themselues,  A  appointed  tliem  the  bounds  of  their 
towne,  w'""  the  Courte  doth  graunt."  Mass.  Col.  Rec,  ii,  260. 

"Town  Records  of  Salem,  i,  17,  34.  112,  190,  219. 

"Ibid  30-1.  An  Act  for  the  Preservation  of  Timber  may  be  found  in  the  Statutes 
of  the  Realm,  27  Eliz.  An  Act  concerning  •'^clap  boards"  occurs  in  the  35  Eliz. 

"  Plymouth  Col.  Rec,  Book  of  Deeds,  8. 


56  COMMON   PASTUBB. 

by  requiring  permission  therefor  from  the  nearest  assistant" 
or  his  deputy,  but  this  regulation  seems  to  have  been  of  no 
practical  consequence.  The  matter  was  tacitly  relegated 
to  the  towns,  and  they  delegated  the  execution  of  their 
forestry  laws  to  their  own  selectmen. 

We  have  considered  the  topics  of  House  Lots,  Plant- 
ing Lands,  Meadow  Lands  and  Wood  Lands.  The  first 
two  groups  were  lands  held  in  severalty,  although  Plant- 
ing Lands  were  common  for  a  part  of  the  year.  The 
three  chief  categories  of  strictly  Common  Land  are  Wood, 
Pasture,  and  Meadow,  corresponding  to  the  old  German 
terms,  Wald,  Weide,  und  Wiese.  The  reappearance  of 
Common  Wood  and  Common  Meadow  in  the  land  system 
of  Salem  we  have  already  seen.  We  come  now  to  the 
last,  and,  in  some  respects,  the  most  interesting  division 
of  our  subject,  namely.  Common  Pasture.  This  should 
not  be  confounded  with  the  temporary  pasturing  of 
stubble  lands  or  hay  meadows  after  harvest.  Real  Com- 
mon Pasture  is  always  common,  and  there  are  usually  no 
allotments  of  land  in  severalty. 

A  recent  number  of  the  Contemporary  Review  contains 
an  interesting  sketch  of  customs  of  common  pasturage 
that  still  survive  in  Germany.  The  article  is  entitled 
"  Notes  from  a  German  Village,"  and  was  written  by  an 
English  professor^^  who  spent  a  summer  vacation  in  the 
little  town  of  Gross  Tabarz,  on  the  northern  slope  of  the 
Thuringian  mountains.  "Early  every  fine  morning,"  he 
says,  "  we  were  awaked  by  the  blowing  of  the  Kuh-hirfs 
horn  as  he  passed  through  the  village,  and  any  one  watch- 
ing his  progress  would  see  a  cow  turned  out  from  one 
outhouse,  two  more  out  of  a  second,  and  soon,  theproces- 


"Mass.  Col.  Rec,  i,  101.    Cf.  Judge  Endicott's  Brief,  Lynn  v.  Nahant,  6. 
"  Contemporary  Review,  July,  1881.    Article  by  Professor  Aldis. 


NEAT-HERDS,    SWINE-HERDS,    GOAT-HERDS.  57 

sion  gradiially  increiisinp;  until,  on  leaving  the  village, 
the  Hirt  and  his  assistant  would  have  from  eighty 
to  a  hundred  and  twenty  cows  and  bulls  under  the 
charfje  of  themselves  and  their  two  do£:s.  In  wander- 
ing  in  the  da3'time  through  the  foiests  we  often  heard 
from  a  distance  the  tinkling  of  the  large  hells  which 
the  cows  carry,  and  in  a  few  minutes  would  meet  the 
whole  procession  coining  gently  along  the  high  road  or 
narrow  lane,  somewhat  to  the  alarm  of  the  more  timid 
members  of  our  party,  but  by  no  means  to  the  dimi- 
nution of  the  picturesqueness  of  the  scene.  By  six 
o'clock  in  the  evening  the  Ilirt  had  gathered  his  flock 
together,  and  driven  them  back  to  the  villnae,  wheie  the 
ox  knows  its  owner,  and,  unbidden,  each  turns  into  its 
own  stable." 

When  we  read  the  above  description,  we  were  tempted 
to  believe  that  the  English  i)rofessor  had  written  his  story 
of  summer  experience  upon  the  basis  of  old  records  in 
Salem.  Like  the  villages  of  the  Thuringian  Forest, 
Salem  once  had  its  cowherds,  swineherds,  and  goatherds. 
They  too,  of  old  time,  came  through  the  streets  of  the 
village  blowing  their  horns,  and  creatures  were  turned 
out  to  their  pastoral  care.  In  the  spring  of  IfUl, 
it  was  agreed  in  Salem  town  meeting  that  "  Laurance 
Southweeke  &  William  Woodbury  shall  keepe  the  milch 
cattell  &  heifers  .  .  this  summer  .  .  .  They  are  to  be- 
gin to  keepe  them,  the  6th  day  of  the  2d  moneth.  And 
their  tyme  of  keeping  of  them  to  end,  the  15lh  day  of 
the  9th  moneth.  They  are  to  driue  out  the  Cattell 
when  the  Sun  is  halfe  an  hower  hi<j:h,  &  brin<r  them 
in  when  the  sun  is  halfe  an  hower  high.  The  cattle 
are  to  be  brought  out  in  the  morning  into  the  pen  neere 
to  Mr.   Downings  pale.      And  the  keepers  are  to  drive 

HIST.   COLL.  XX  4* 


58     CATTLE  PENS.   .   •   .   BRANDING  CATTLE. 

them  &  bring  such  cattle  into  the  Pen  as  they  doe  receaue 
from  thence."^*' 

The  duty  of  village  swineherds  was  similar.  Early  in 
the  morning  they  were  "  to  blow  their  home"  as  they  went 
along  the  street  past  the  houses,  and  the  townsmen  brought 
out  their  swine  to  the  keeper,  who  took  charge  of  the 
drove  until  sunset,  when  all  returned  to  town  and  every 
townsman  received  his  swine  again,  which  he  kept  over 
night  in  a  pen  upon  his  own  premises."  The  cattle  were 
also  kept  over  night  by  each  owner,  either  in  private  yards 
or  in  the  common  cow  houses. ^^  In  the  morning  the 
creatures  were  driven  to  the  great  Cattle  Pen,^^  at  the  gate 
of  which  the  herdsman  stood  waiting,  and,  at  a  certain 
hour,  drove  all  afield.  If  a  townsman  arrived  late  with 
his  cows,  there  was  no  help  for  it,  but  to  follow  after  and 
catch  up  with  the  herd,  or  else  to  be  his  own  herdsman 
that  day  and  run  the  risk  of  his  cows  breaking  into  in- 
closures  upon  the  plantation.^  The  herdsman  was  origi- 
nally paid  for  his  services  by  the  town,  but  afterwards  by 
individuals,  at  a  rate  fixed  upon  in  town  meeting,  usually 
about  four  shillings  sixpence  per  season,  for  the  charge  of 
every  cow,  the  settlement  being  made  in  butter,  wheat, 
and  Indian  corn.^^  The  cattle  of  every  town  were  marked 
with  the  first  letter  of  the  town's  name,  roughly  painted 
with  pitch.  Towns  whose  names  began  with  the  same  let- 
ter, for  example,  Salem,  Salisbury,  Sudbury,  Strawberry 
Bank  (Portsmouth)  were  obliged  to  agree  upon  difier- 
ently  shaped  letters.     Salem  had  a  plain  capital  S  ;  Salis- 


16  Town  Records  of  Salem,  i,  99.  For  other  illustrations  of  the  duties  of  the 
Town's  Herdsmen,  see  Felt's  Annals,  i,  277-80.  Herdsmen  were  employed  in  the 
Great  Pastures  of  Salem  down  to  a  very  recent  date.    Felt,  i,  202. 

"  Hist.  Coll.  Essex  Inst,  xi,  36.    Town  Records  of  Salem,  i,  100. 

i»lbid,di.  i» /&tci,  10,  39,  40,  66.  2»ZWd,41.  ^^  Ibid,  207, 


TOWN   FLOCKS,  HERDS   AND   HOUNDS.  59 

bury,  the  sign  of  the  dollar,  $ ;  Sudbury  added  an  up- 
right dash  to  the  top  of  its  initial  S ;  Strawberry  Bank 
added  a  straight  stroke  downward  from  the  tail  end  of  its 
S.22 

It  is  perhaps  not  generally  known  that  Salem  had  not 
only  town  herdsmen,  but  actually  town  cows,  town  sheep,^ 
town  dogs,^*  and  a  town  horse. ^  In  the  town  records  we 
read  of  a  "townes  cowe"  killed  by  the  butcher,  and  the 
Selectmen  are  ordered  to  sell  the  beef  and  hide  for  the 
town's  benefit.  Both  cows  and  sheep  came  into  the  pos- 
session of  the  town  in  settlement  for  debts  or  taxes. 
But  a  most  singular  order  was  that  which  was  passed  in 
Salem  in  1645,  whereby  half  a  dozen  brace  of  hounds  were 
to  be  brought  out  of  England,  the  charges  to  be  borne  by  the 
town.  These  town  dogs  were  probably  used  for  herding 
cattle  or  hunting  wolves.  Perhaps  Salem's  order  was  the 
first  suggestion  for  the  Act  passed  by  the  colonial  legisla- 
ture of  Massachusetts  three  years  later,  whereby  the  Select- 
men of  every  town  were  authorized  to  purchase,  at  the 
town's  expense,  as  many  hounds  as  should  be  thought  best 
for  the  destruction  of  wolves,  and  to  allow  no  other  dojrs 
to  be  kept  in  town,  except  by  magistrates,  or  by  special 
permit.^ 

Town  flocks  and  herds,  and  town  herdsmen  imply  the 
existence  of  town  pastures.  The  first  mention  of  this 
subject  in  the  town  records  of  Salem  was  in  1634,  shortly 
after  the  division  of  the  ten  acre  lots.  It  was  then  agreed 
that  the  Town  Neck  should  be  preserved  for  the  feeding  of 


"  Mass.  Col.  Eec,  il,  190, 225.       "  Town  Records  of  Salem,  i,  185, 189, 195. 

M  Jbid,  139.  "  Felt,  Salem,  i,  281. 

"  Mass.  Col.  Rec,  ii.  252-3,  ibid  for  law  relating  to  Sheep  Commons.  The  keep- 
ing of  greyhounds  for  coursing  deer  or  hare,  and  of  setters  for  hunting,  was  for- 
bidden in  the  parishes  of  Old  England.  See  Lambard's  Constable  (1610)  81,  and 
the  statute  I  Jac,  Cap.  27. 


60  STINTING   THE   NECK   LANDS. 

cattle  on  the  Sabbath.  Individuals  were  forbidden  to  feed 
their  goats  there  on  week-days,  but  were  required  to  drive 
them  to  one  of  the  larger  Commons,  so  that  the  grass  upon 
the  Neck  land  might  have  a  chance  to  grow  for  pasture  on 
the  Lord's  day.  ^  For  Salem,  the  Towu  Neck  was  a  kind 
of  home-lot  for  baiting  the  town's  cattle.  In  old  Eng- 
land such  a  pasture  would  have  been  termed  a  Ham.  Wil- 
liam Marshall,  an  English  writer  of  the  last  century,  in 
describing  the  agrarian  customs  of  his  country,  says : 
"  On  the  outskirts  of  the  arable  lands,  where  the  soil  is 
adapted  to  the  pasturage  of  cattle  .  .  one  or  more  stinted 
pastures,  or  hams,  were  laid  out  for  milking  cows,  work- 
ing cattle,  or  other  stock  which  required  superior  pastur- 
age in  summer."  ^^  The  practice  of  stinting  the  Neck  land 
for  pasture  must  have  begun  at  a  very  early  date,  but  not 
much  is  said  about  the  matter  in  the  published  volume  of 
the  town  records  (1634-1659).  However,  the  following 
vote  of  the  old  Commoners,  in  the  year  1714,  will  serve 
to  illustrate  the  principle  as  applied  to  a  permanent  town 
pasture:  "Voted,  that  y®  neck  of  land  to  y*  Eastward 
of  the  Block  house  be  granted  and  reserved  for  y®  use  of 
y«  town  of  Salem,  for  a  pasture  for  milch  cows  and  rid- 
ing horses,  to  be  fenced  at  y®  town's  charge,  and  let  to  y® 
inhabitants  of  y®  town  by  y*  selectmen  and  no  one  pers(m 
to  be  admitted  to  put  into  said  pasture  in  a  summer  more 
than  one  milch  cow  or  one  riding  horse,  and  y**  whole 
number  not  to  exceed  two  and  a  half  acres  to  a  cow  and 


"Town  Records  of  Salem,  i,  9. 

28  Laveleje,  Primitive  Property,  245,  cf.  69.  Nasse,  in  his  Agricultural  Com. 
muuity  of  the  Mi<idle  Ages.  p.  10.  quoting  Marshall,  observes :  "  Every  village  .  . 
in  the  immediate  vicinity  of  the  dwelling-houpes  and  farm-buildings,  had  some 
few  mclos^ed  grass  lands  for  the  rearing  of  calves,  or  for  other  cattle  which  it 
might  be  thought  necessary  to  keep  near  the  village  (the  common  farmstead  or 
homestall)." 


TOWN   FARM    AND   POOR   HOUSE.  61 

four  acres  to  a  horse  ;  y®  rent  to  l)e  p;iid  into  y®  town 
treasurer  for  y*  time  being  for  y*^  use  of  the  town  of 
Salem."'®  Authority  to  stint  common  pasturage  was 
given  by  the  cohmial  logishiture  to  the  selectmen  of  every 
town  in  the  year  1673.^ 

It  is  noteworthy  that  a  part  of  the  Xeck  lands  con- 
tinued to  be  used,  and  was  specially  known  as  a  Town 
Pasture  until  long  after  the  middle  of  the  nineteenth  cen- 
tury. According  to  a  survey  made  in  the  year  1728, 
there  were  at  that  time  about  one  bundled  and  three  acres 
of  land  in  the  Town  Neck,  a  part  of  it  having  been 
planted  by  poor  people  holding  cottage  rights  during  the 
town's  pleasure.  In  1735,  that  part  of  Winter  Lslnnd 
which  was  not  needed  for  drying  fish  was  let  out  with  the 
Neck  as  a  common  "  town  pasture,"  and  so  both  Neck  and 
Island  continued  to-be  used  together  with  a  common 
stint,  e.  gf.,  "2 J  acres  to  a  cow  &  4  to  a  horse,"  but  with 
special  preference  allowed  to  inhabitants  dwelling  nearest 
the  Neck.  In  1765  the  town  authorized  its  treasurer  to 
let  the  Island  and  the  Neck  together  for  the  pasluriige  of 
seventy-two  milch  cows  at  10s.  8d.  In  1824  Winter  Isl- 
and was  annexed  to  the  so-called  Alms  House  Farm, 
which,  by  this  time  had  enclosed  about  ninety  acres  of  the 
old  Neck  lands.  Instead  of  the  town's  cattle,  the  town's 
poor  were  now  fed  in  conmions  upon  the  Town's  Neck. 
It  is  a  curious  and  instructive  connnentary  upon  the  trans- 
formation of  communal  institutions,  that  an  old  Town 
Pasture   should  become  the    material  basis  for  a  Town 


"  Report  of  the  City  Solicitor  on  the  sale  of  the  Neck  Lands,  communicated  to 
the  City  Council.  Dec.  27,  1^58.  To  Judge  Eudicolt's  valuable  report  we  liave  been 
greatly  indebted  for  facts  in  the  paragraphs  conceruiug  Winter  Island  and  the 
Town  Neck.    Cf.  Felt's  Annals  of  Salem,  i,  191-2. 

»«•  Mass.  Col.  Bee,  iv,  Part  2,  563. 


62  NECK  GATE  DISAPPEARS. 

Farm  and  a  Hospital. ^^  The  twenty-three  acres  remaining 
from  the  Neck  land  passed  under  the  control  of  the  Over- 
seers of  the  Poor,  who  annually  appointed  a  Hayward  and 
voted  when  the  town  or  city  of  Salem  (city  since  1836) 
miorht  drive  its  cows  afield.  Of  course  a  fixed  rate  was 
now  demanded  for  every  creature  and  accommodations 
were  strictly  limited.  There  used  to  be  gates  leading 
into  the  Town  Pasture  upon  the  Neck.  They  seem  to 
have  lasted  until  a  comparatively  recent  period,  for  a 
Salem  poet  of  our  time  has  sung  their  praises. 

What  rapturous  joy 
Kindles  the  heart  of  an  old  Salem  boy, 
As  he  returns,  though  but  in  thought,  to  take 
That  old  familiar  walk  "  down  to  the  Neck ! " 
The  old  "  Neck  Gate  "  swings  open  to  his  view, 
At  morn  and  eve,  to  let  the  cows  pass  through.^^ 


»  "  In  1747,  a  committee  having  been  appointed  to  select  a  site  for  a  pest  house, 
reported  Roache's  Point  on  the  Neck  (where  the  work  house  now  stands),  and  rec- 
ommended one  to  be  built  there.  The  Town  accepted  the  report,  and  voted  a  sum 
to  build  it,  "and  that  Roache's  Point  be  the  place  for  erecting  said  house  "(see 
above  Report,  13).  "It  also  appears  from  the  records  that  the  town  exchanged 
certain  portions  of  the  land  received  from  the  commoners,  about  five  acres,  for 
land  belonging  to  Allen's  farm  at  Roache's  Point  and  at  Pigeon  Cove.  And  in 
1799,  a  hospital  was  built  for  small  pox  patients,  which  was  standing  within  the 
last  twenty  years  "  {ibid,  14). 

We  note  that  a  Work  House  was  ordered  by  the  town  of  Salem,  March  16, 1770, 
to  be  placed  on  the  northeast  part  of  the  present  Town  Common  or  Training 
Field.  Some  very  interesting  rules  for  the  management  of  a  parish  Work  House 
which  is  an  Old  English  institution,  may  be  found  in  the  MS.  Town  Records  of 
Salem  under  the  date  of  March,  1772. 

32  From  Mr.  Brooks'  poem,  previously  mentioned. 


EARLY    SETTLERS    OF    ROWLEY,    MASS.,    INCLUDING 

ALL    WHO    WERE    HERE    BEFORE    1662, 

WITH  A  FEW   GENERATIONS   OF   THEIR   DESCENDANTS. 


COMMUNICATED  BY  GEO.  B.  BLODGKTTE,  A.  M. 


[Continued  from  Vol.  XIX,  page  308.] 

BOYNTON. 

11  William  Boynton,  freeman ,  1640,  "tailor" 

and  "planter,"  had  an  acre  and  a  half  house-lot  on  Brad- 
ford street  next  to  his  brother  John's  lot,  1643.  He  was 
about  56  years  old,  1662.  He  died  8  Dec,  1686.  He 
was  a  large  land-owner  in  various  parts  of  Essex  County  ; 
he  gave  a  farm  to  each  of  his  children  in  his  lifetime,  and 
the  remainder  of  his  estate  to  his  wife  Elizabeth  whom  he 
brought  with  him.  She  died  in  Salisbury.  He  may  have 
lived  a  short  time  in  Ipswich,  as  in  a  deed  he  is  men- 
tioned as  "sometime  of  Ipswich."  (See  Essex  Deeds,  5 
Ips.,  273,  and  23  :  201).  He  Avas  our  schoolmaster  for  a 
long  time,  and  probably  the  first  person  regularly  em- 
ployed as  such. 

Children  : 

11-1  John',  b.  19-lOmo.,  1640;  burled  26  March,  1665. 
11-2  Elizabeth',  b.  11-lOmo.,  1642;  m.  9  Nov.,  1664,  John   Simmons. 
11-3  Zachary',  b.  ll-8mo.,  1644;  buried  4  Aug.,  1660. 
11-4  Joshua*,  b.  10-6mo.,  1646;  m.  Hannah  Rarnett. 
11-5  Mary*,  b.  23-5mo.,  1648;  m.  5  Nov.,  1670,  John  Eastman  of  Salis- 
bury (Essex  Reg.  Deeds,  3:  236). 
11-6  Caleb',  b.  7-2mo.,  1650;  m.  Mary  Moore. 
11-7  Sarah*,  b.  1-10  mo.,  1662;  buried  28-6mo.,  1654. 

(63) 


64  EARLY   SETTLERS    Oy   ROWLEY. 

11-4  Joshua  Boynton  (  William}^)  "carpenter,"  was 
born  10-6mo.,  164(5;  married  (1)  in  Newbury  9  April, 
1678,  Hannah  Barnett.^ 

She  died  in  Newbury   12  Jan.,  1722-3.     He  married 

(2)  29  Nov.,  1725,  Mary  (Daniel)  Syle,  widow  of  Robert 
Greenough,  senior,  and  of  Richard  Syle,  the  schoolmas- 
ter.    She  died  in  Rowley,  28  July,   1727.     He  married 

(3)  in  Haverhill,  30  Oct.,  1727,  Mary,  widow  of  John 
Boynton^^^. 

In  1673  his  father  gave  him  that  farm  in  Newbury 
that  was  bought  in  1654  of  Doctor  John  Clark  of  Bos- 
ton, containing  one  hundred  acres  "on  the  south  side  of 
the  said  Newbery  river  in  the  neck  of  land  called  Wood- 
bridg  Poynt"  near  Mr.  Dummer's  farm  (Essex  Deeds,  1 
Ips.,  206,  and  3  Ips.,  342)  ;  on  that  farm  he  lived  more 
than  fifty  years.  He  was  of  Rowley,  1725,  of  Bradford, 
1729,  and  of  Haverhill,  1733.  In  a  deed  to  his  son 
William  dated  10  Feb.,  1728-9,  he  says  he  was  a  soldier 
under  Major  Appleton  in  the  "  warrs  at  Narragansett" 
(Essex  Deeds,  92  :  275).  His  will,  dated  20  Dec,  1729, 
proved  12  Nov.,  1736,  mentions  all  the  children  as  given 
below  (Essex  Probate,  20:  158). 

Children  born  in  Newbury,  and  baptized  in  our 
church. 

11-8  Joshua^',  b.  4  May;  bapt.    6  July,  1679;  m. ,  1708,  Mary 

Dole  of  Newbury;  she  died  26  Dec,  1777,  aged  90  years  (By- 
field  Chli.  R.).  He  lived  on  the  above  menlioncd  farm,  and 
there  d.  29  Oct.,  1770  (jjravestone  in  Bytield  parissh). 

11-9  John^,  b.  15  July;  bapt.  28  Oct.,  1683;  "cooper."  In  1743  he 
sold  his  farm  in  Newbury  to  Nathaniel  Plummer,  junior  (Es- 
sex Deeds,  85:  66).  lie  m.  (pub.  27  Nov.),  1717,  Jemima 
Wester  of  Bradford. 


I  Ifthink  the  vecoril  of  marriage  to  Sarah  Browne  —  April,  1078,  was  a  mistake  of 
the  clerk,  duly  corrected  by  the  after  entry  as  above.  (See  original  record  in  New- 
bury.) 


EARLY   SETTLERS   OF   ROWLEY.  65 

11-10  Zachary^  bapt.  20  July,  1690;  m.  in  Newbury,  15  Nov.,  1715, 
Sarah  Wicom^'*-'^.  He  was  of  "Coventry  in  tlie  Co.  of 
Windham,  Colony  of  Conn.,"  1733  (Essex  Deeds,  65  :  253). 

11-11  William',  b.  26  May;  bapt.  20  July,  1690;  m.  (about  1713) 
Joanna,  daughter  of  John  Stevens  of  Salisbury,  and  lived  in 
Salisbury  after  1719  (Essex  Deeds,  40:  114,  and  73:  16). 

11-12  Hannah^  bapt.  5  April,  1696;  m.  in  Newbury  2  April,  1724, 
John  Dresser'^'*. 


11-6  Caleb  Boynton  (William}^)  "farmer,"  was 
born  7-2mo.,  1650;  married  in  Newbury  24  June,  1672, 
Mary  Moore  of  Newbury. 

His  home  was  in  Ipswich  near  the  Rowley  line,  and  he 
is  styled  "Ipswich  Caleb  Boynton"  in  our  church  records. 
He  joined  our  church  2  July,  1676  ;  was  excommunicated 
26  March,  1693,  and  died  about  1695-6  (see  Chh.  R.). 
I  find  no  further  record  of  his  family.  He  disposed  of 
all  his  real  estate  by  deeds  to  various  persons  a  few  years 
before  his  death  (Essex  Deeds,  10  :  85,  and  11 ;  3). 

Children,  baptized  in  our  church  : 

11-13  William^,  b.  in  Newbury  24  July;  bapt.  24  Aug.,  1673;  was  ia 

the  Canada  Expedition,  1690. 
11-14  John3,  bapt.  9  April,  1676. 
11-15  Ann^,  bapt.  9  March,  1678-9. 
11-16  Hepzibah^,  bapt.  4  Dec,  1681. 
11-17  Caleb^  b.  in  Ipswich,  24  Nov.,  1685. 
11-18  A  daughter^*,  bapt.  10  June,  1688. 
11-19  Mary3,  b.  in  Ipswich,  21  Jan.,  1692-3. 


12  John  Boynton  "  tailor,"  had  an  acre  and  a  half 
houselot  on  Bradford  street,  next  to  his  brother  William*s 

lot,  1643.     He  married Ellen  (or  Ellenor)  Pell  of 

Boston.  He  was  about  48  years  old  1662,  and  was  buried 
18  Feb.,  1670-1.  His  will,  dated  8  Feb.,  1670,proved  28 
March,  1671,  mentions:  wife  Ellen,  brother  William, 
sons  Joseph,  Caleb,  Samuel,  and  John  who  has  the  bome- 

BIST.    COLL.  XX  5 


6Q  EARLY  SETTLERS   OP  ROWLEY. 

stead  ;  daughters  Mercy,  Hannah  and  Sarah  (Essex  Pro- 
bate, 1 :  427  ;  for  abstract  see  Hist.  Coll.,  Vol.  IV :  126). 
His  widow  Ellen  married    (2)   30  Aug.,  1671,  Deacon 
Maximilian  Jewett.^ 
Children : 

12-1  Joseph^,  b. ,  1645 ;  m.  Sarah  Swan»<"-«. 

12-2  JohD*,  b.  17-7mo.,  1647;  m.  Hannah  Keyes. 

12-3  Caleb^,  b.  (about  1649) ;  ra.  Hannah  Harriman37-3. 

12-4  Mercy2,  b.  5-lOmo.,  1651;  m.   14  Dec,  1670,  Josiah  Clarke  of 

Ipswich.    She  m.  (2) Hovey,  and  died  here  22  Dec, 

1730. 
12-6  Hannah^,  b,  26-lmo.,  1654;  m.  24  Nov.,  1673,  Nathaniel  Warner 

of  Ipswich. 
12-6  Sarah^,  b.  19-2mo.,  1658. 
12-7  Samuel^,  b.  (about  1660)  ;  ra.  Hannah  Switcher. 


12-1  Capt.  Joseph  Boynton  (Joh'n}^)  born • 

1645,  married  13  May,  1669,  Sarah,  daughter  of  Richard 

Swan^^^.     She  died  : — ,    probably  in   Groton.     He 

married  (2)  11  March,  1719-20,  Elizabeth  Wood  (was 
she  daughter  of  Thomas^^^  ?) . 

He  was  captain  of  our  military  company,  town  clerk 
and  representative  many  years.  He  lived  several  years 
in  Groton,  as  he,  with  wife  Sarah,  son  Benoni  and  wife 
Ann,  was  dismissed  from  our  church  to  Groton  4  Dec, 
1715  (see  Essex  Deeds,  39  :  140),  he  returned,  and  died 
16  Dec,  1730,  aged  85  years  (gravestone). 

Children : 

12-8  Joseph^  b.  23  March,  1669-70;  m.  Bridget  Harris"  ^ 

12-9  Sarah^,  b.  11  Jan.,  1671-2;  m.  in  Bradford  18  Dec,  1690,  Deacon 

Samuel  Tenney*"^-^. 
12-10  Ann^,  b.  14  Aug.,  1673;  probably  d.  4  July,  1737,  "of  a  con- 
sumption &  Dropsy"  (Chh.  R.) 
12-11  Richard^,  b.  11  Nov.  (bapt.  7  Nov.),  1675;  m.  Sarah  Dresser^"". 
12-12  John^,  b.  9  April,  1678 ;  m.  Bethiah  Platts^^-T. 
12-13  Jonathan^  bapt.  29  Feb.,  1679-80;  d.  soon. 
12-14  Benoni',  b.  25  Feb.,  1681-2;  m.  Ann  MighilP-". 


EARLY   SETTLERS   OF   ROWLEY.  67 

12-15  Jonathan^,  b.  19  Aug.,  1684;  m.  Margaret  Harriman^"*. 
12-16  Hilkiah^  b.  19  Nov.,  1687;  in.  Priscilla  Jewett^-^. 
12-17  DanieP,  b.  26  Sept.,  1689;  d.  8  Oct.,  1689. 


12-2  Jolin  Boynton  (John}^)''\yei\Yer,''hoTnl7-7mo., 
1647,  married  8  March,  1675,  Hannah,  daughter  of 
Solomon  and  Frances    (GranP"^)  Keyes  ;  she  was  born 

in  Newbury  12  Sept.,  1654,  and  died  in  Bradford . 

He  married  (2) ,  Mary . 

He  sold  to  Andrew  Stickney  23  Oct.,  1678,  the  home- 
stead that  was  his  fjither's,  and  moved  to  Bradford  where 
he  died  22  Dec,  1719.  His  will,  made  "under  the  in- 
firmities of  old  age"  30  Oct.,  1719,  proved  1  Feb., 
1719-20,  mentions  :  wife  Mary  and  a  marriage  contract, 
eldest  son  Ichabod,  daughter  Hannah  Barnes,  son  Zecha- 
riah  and  grandchildren,  oldest  son  of  Ichabod  (unnamed), 
and  Joseph  Barnes,  son  of  Hannah.  (Essex  Probate,  13  : 
45,  and  on  file).  His  widow  Mary  married  in  Haverhill 
30  Oct.,  1727,  Joshua  Boynton"-^ 

Children  born  here  : 

12-18  Ichabod^  b.  19  April,  1677;  m.  in  Bradford,  18  Feb.,  1705-6, 
Elizabeth  Ilaseltine.  Lived  and  died  in  Bradford,  where  they 
had  the  births  of  seven  children  recorded. 

12-19  Jane^  b.  9  Aug.,  1678. 

Born  in  Bradford : 

12-20  Hannah,^  b.  17  Feb.,  1682-3;  m.  in  Bradford,  8  Dec,  1712,  Jo- 
seph Barnes  of  Bradford. 

12-21  Zechariah^,  b.  16  Feb.,  1688-9  ;  m. ,  Mary .     Settled 

in  Bradford,  where  were  recorded  the  births  of  six  children. 


12-3  Serg't  Caleb  Boynton  (Johri^^)  "blacksmith," 
born  (about  1649),  married  26  May,  1674,  Hannah, 
daughter  of  Leonard  Harriman^.  She  died  19  Feb., 
1725-6. 

He  died    13  Sept.,   1708.     His   will,  dated  17  May, 


68  EARLY   SETTLERS   OF  ROWLEY. 

1706,  proved  1  Nov.,  1708,  mentions:  wife  (unnamed), 
sons  Jeremiah  and  Ebenezer,  daughters  Margaret  Chap- 
lin and  Ruth  Boynton  (Essex  Probate,  10 :  24,  and  on 
file.) 

Children :  • 

12-22  Hannah,^  b.  5  Sept.,  1676. 

12-23  Margaret^,  b.  23  Sept.,  1677;  m.  9  April,  1701,  John  Chaplin«»-«. 

12-24  Ruth^,  bapt.  29  Jan.,  1681-2;  m.  1  Feb.,  1714-6,  Judah  Clark^^-^. 

12-25  Jeremiah^,  b.  8  Jan.,  1685-6;  d,  1  June,  1709;  unmarried. 

12-26  Ebenezer^,  b.  17  May,  1688 ;  m. ,  Sarali .     He  was 

a  blaclcsmitli  and  moved  to  Weston,  Middlesex  Co.,  before 
1726.  (Essex  Deeds,  53:  37).  The  names  of  his  live  chil- 
dren are  on  record  here,  viz. :  Jeremiah^,  b.  27  Dec,  1711. 
Hannah*,  b.  4  Aug.,  1713.  Jemsha,*  b.  6  Julj,  1715.  Mercy^y 
b.  16  June,  1722.     Caleb*,  b.  18  May,  1724. 

12-7  Samuel  Boynton  (John^^)  "wheelwright,"  born 
(about  1660),  married  17  Feb.,  1686,  Hannah  Switcher. 
She  died  13  March,  1717-8. 

His  age  is  shown  by  ajQSdavits  in  the  county  clerk's  of- 
ficjB.  In  1717  he  sold  his  homestead  to  Samuel  Todd 
(Essex  Deeds,  38:  75),  and  was  dismissed  19  Nov., 
1719|from  our  church  to  Groton  (Chh.  R.). 

Children  : 

12-27  SamueP,  b.  23  Nov.,  1687;  buried  8  March,  1687-8. 

12-28  Samuel^,  b.  24  Feb.,  1688-9;  d.  16  May,  1689. 

12-29  Ellen^,  b.  15  March,  1689-90. 

12-30  DanieP,  b.  26  May,  1692. 

12-31  SaraueP,  b.    19    Sept.,  1694;    ♦* froze  to   death"   Dec,    1711 

(Chh.  R.). 
12-32  Eleazer',  b.  16  Nov.,  1696. 
12-33  Isaac^,  b.  11  April,  1699. 
12-34  Stephen^,  b.  14  July,  1701. 
12-36  Abraham^,  b.  16  Nov.,  1703;  d.  —  May,  1706. 

12-36  Abraham^  )  ^^.^^    ^        ^4  Nov.,  1706  A^'  ^  ^^^^   \  1706. 
12-37  Moses^,       5  '      *^  i  d.  7  Dec,  5 

12-38  Hannah^,  b.  6  Dec,  1707. 
12-39  Abraham^  bapt.  30  Oct.,  1709. 
12-40  Sarah^  bapt.  11  July,  1713. 


EARLY   SETTLERS   OF   ROWLEY.  69 

12-8  Deacon  Joseph  Boynton  {Capt.  Joseph '^•\ 
John^)  born  23  March,  1669-70,  married  30  Jan., 
1692-3,  Bridget,  daughter  of  Nathaniel  Harris*^^  She 
died  14  Oct.,  1757  in  her  85th  year.  He  was  Dea- 
con of  our  church  from  1723  to  his  death  25  Nov., 
1755,  "in  the  86  year  of  his  age."  (Clih.  R.).  His  will, 
dated  22  April,  1752,  proved  22  Dec,  1755,  mentions: 
wife  Bridget,  sons  Nathaniel,  Benjamin,  Abiel,  Ephraim 
andZacheus  ;  daughters  Edna,  wife  of  Samuel  Brown,  and 
Bridget,  deceased,  who  married  Jonathan  Bailey  and 
left  sons  and  daughters  (Essex  Probate,  33  :  144,  and  on 
file).  Before  his  decease,  he  had  disposed  of  all  his  real 
estate  except  one  right  in  Coxhall,  Co.  of  York. 

Children : 

12-41  Sarah*,  b.  3  Dec,  1693;  d.  23  Dec,  1693. 

12-42  Nathaniels  b.  11  Dec,  1G94. 

12-43  Bridgets  b.  5  Oct.,  1697;  d.  6  Nov.,  1697. 

12-44  Joseph*,  b.  20  Nov.,  1698;  d.  25  Dec,  1738. 

12-45  Benjamin*,  b.  22  Dec,  1700;  settled  in  Gloucester  where  he 

m.  29  Nov.,  1723,  Martha,  daughter  of  Stephen  Rowe  and 

there  raised  a  large  family  (see  Essex  Deeds,  65  :  253). 
12-46  Bridget*,  b.   29    Jan.,   1702-3;  m.   28  March,   1734,   Jonathan 

Bailey^"'*  of  Lancaster. 
12-47  Abiel*,  b.  15  May,  1705. 
12-48  Ephraim*,  b.   16  July,   1707;  ra.  2  May,  1732,  Sarah  Stewart. 

He  was  dismissed  from  our  church  19  Feb.,  1764,  to  Second 

Church  in  Lancaster. 
12-49  Zacheus*,  b.  3  April,  1710. 
12-50  Edna*,  b.   26  Sept.,  1712;  m.  9  April,  1734,  Samuel  Brown  of 

Ipswich. 
12-61  Elizabeth,  b.  2  Nov.,  1714;  d.  11  June,  1736. 


12-11  Richard  Boynton  {CapL  Joseph}'^'\  John}^) 
born  11  Nov.  (bapt.  7  Nov.),  1675,  married  24  Dec, 
1701,  Sarah,  daughter  of  Lieut.  John  Dresser^"^  She 
died  26  Aug.,  1759,  aged  82  years  (gravestone  in  George- 
town).    He  died  25  Dec,  1732,  in  his  58th  year  (grave- 


70  EARLY  SETTLEHS   Or  ROWLEY. 

stone  ill  Georgetown).     Administration  on  his  estate  was 
granted  20  March,  1732-3  to  his  sou  Richard.     (Essex 
Probate) . 
Children : 

12-52  David^  b.  8  Oct.,  1702;  m.  (pub.  23  Oct.,  1725)  Love  Hutchins 
of  Bradford.  Settled  in  Bradford  where  he  died  1734. 
Children  born  here :  Oliver^,  16  Aug.,  1726.  Jane^^  20  Dec, 
1728. 

12-53  Nathan*,  b.  27  Sept.,  1704;  m.  10  Aug.,  1738,  Hannah  Todd"2-32. 
He  was  styled  "  Lieut.**  and  d.  25  April,  1766,  aged  62  years. 
His  widow  Hannah  died  1801. 

12-54  Richard",  b.  26  Sept.,  1706;  m.  2  Sept.,  1730,  Jerusha  Hutchins 
of  Bradford.  Removed  to  Tewkesbury  and  died  there  be- 
fore 18  March,  1754  (see  Middlesex  Probate  files). 

12-55  Sarahs  b.  6  May,  1708;  m.  2  Sept.,  1730,  Jonathan  Chaplin"-*^ 

12-56  MarthaS  b.  2  April,  1710;  m.  15  March,  1732-3,  Joseph  Bailey 
of  Newbury. 

12-67  Nathaniel*,  b.  18  Aug.,  1712;  m.  8  March,  1736-7  Mary  Stewart 
(see  Essex  Deeds,  105  :  87  and  121:  153).  He  died  13  May, 
1762.  He  with  six  others  "were  lost  by  shipwreck  near 
Annis  Squam  Cape  Ann" :  so  says  the  record. 

12-58  John*,  bapt.  in  Byfleld  church  8  Jan.,  1715-6. 


12-12  John  Boynton  {GapL  Josepli^-^,  John}^)  born 
9  April,  1678,  married  17  April,  1707,  Bethiah,  daughter 
of  Samuel  Platts^^-i.  He  died  8  Oct.,  1718,  in  his  40th 
year  (gravestone). 

His  widow  Bethiah  married  (2)  1  Dec,  1720,  John 
Northend,  and  died  12  June,  1767,  in  her  79th  year 
(gravestone).      See    "Northend    Family,"  Hist.    Coll.^ 

Vol.  xn. 

Children: 

12-59  Dorothys  b.  13  May,  1708 ;  m.  26  April,  1732,  Samuel  Dresser^o-^^ 
12-60  MaryS  b.  20  Dec,  1709;  m.  3  Dec,  1730,  Samuel  Northend. 
12-61  BethiahS  b.  6  Feb.,  1711-2;  m.  2  Feb.,  1741-2,  Jacob  Jewett^^-** 

as  his  second  wife. 
12-62  Johns  b.  26  May,  17U;  d.  19  Oct.,   1714  (gravestone). 


EARLY   SETTLERS   OF  ROWLEY.  71 

12-63  Hannah*,  b.  29  Feb.,  1715-6;  m.  17  May,  1744,  Jonathan  Smith. 

She  died  16  Dec,  1747. 
12-64  John\  b.  22  Dec,  1718;  d.  18  April,  1719. 


12-14  Benoni  Boynton  {Copt,  Jof^pph}^'^,  Jo/in^^) 
born  25  Feb.,  1681-2,  married  4  April,  1706,  Ann, 
daughter  of  Stephen  MighilF"-«. 

They  were  dismissed  4  Dec,  1715,  from  our  church  to 
Groton  (Chh.  K.). 

Children  born  here  : 

12-65  Sarah*,  bapt.  9  March,  170G-7;  d.  5  April,  1707. 
12-G6  Sarah*,  b.  17  June,  1708. 
12-67  Stephen*,  b.  7  April,  1710. 
12-68  Ann*,  b.  21  Nov.,  171- 


12-15  Jonathan  Boynton  (Capt.  Joseph^^-\  John^'^) 
born  19  Aug.,  1684,  married  6  June,  1711,  Margaret, 
daujrhter  of  Jonathan  Harriman^^"*. 

He  died  16  March,  1740,  in  his  56th  year  (gravestone 
in  Georgetown).  His  will,  dated  14  March,  1739,  proved 
7  April,  1740,  mentions  :  wife  Margaret ;  sons  Jonathan 
and  John ;  daughters  Sarah,  wife  of  Joseph  Hutchins  of 
Tewkesbury ;  Elizabeth,  wife  of  Joseph  Bailey  of  Brad- 
ford, Mary  and  Ann ;  grandchildren  James  Fowler  and 
Jonathan  Fowler  (Essex  Probate,  24:  143,  and  on  file). 
His  widow  Margaret  married  (2)  12  May,  1742,  Daniel 
Gage  of  Bradford.  Did  she  afterwards  marry  John  Stew- 
art? 

Children : 

12-69  Margaret*,  b.  5  April,  1712;  m.  Dr.  Philip  Fowler  of  Amesbury. 
12-70  Sarah*,  b.    10  Dec,    1713;  ra.    (pub.   30  Jan.,  1735-6)  Joseph 
Hutchins  of  Tewkesbury. 


72  EARLY  , SETTLERS  OF   ROWLEY. 

12-71  Elizabeth*,  b.  21  May,  1715;  m.  (pub.  28  Nov.,  1736)  Joseph 
Bailey  of  Bradford.  Her  descendants  have  been  very  nu- 
merous and  many  of  them  exceedingly  enterprising.  See 
Poore's  ♦'  Merrimack  valley,"  91-6,  and  Poore's  "  Genealogy," 
202-80. 

12-72  Jonathan\  b.  16  March,  1716-7;  m.  (pub.  16  Sept,  1738)  Eliza- 
Wood  of  Bradford. 

12-73  Benjamin'',  >  twins ;  bapt,  in  By  field  church  12  April,  1719 ;  prob. 

12-74  EUenor**,      >     died  soon. 

12-75  Mary^  b.  21  Aug.,  1720;  m.  11  Jan.,  1741-2  James  Stewart. 

12-76  John*,  b.  22  May,  1723 ;  ra.  30  March,  1742,  Martha  Attwood. 

12-77  Anne*,  b.  29  Oct.,  1726. 


12-16  Hilkiah  Boynton  {CapL  Joseph,^-^  JoIit}^) 
born  19  Nov.,  1687,  married  2  Feb.,  1708-9,  Priscilla, 
daughter  of  Capt.  Joseph  Jewett^"^.  I  think  he  left  this 
town  soon  after  1725. 

Children  born  here : 

12-78  Jane*,  b.  19  Nov.,  1709;  d.  25  Nov.,  1722. 

12-79  Johannah*,  b.  17  Aug.,  1712. 

12-80  Hilkiah*       K^.„      ^   ,,  1714;  J  ^'28  April,  1714. 

12-81  Priscilla*,    5  '  f     >  >^ 

12-82  Joseph*,  b.  4  Dec,  1717;  d.  8  Feb.,  1717-18  (gravestone). 

12-83  Sarah*,  bapt.  1  Jan.,  1718-9. 

12-84  Ruth*,  bapt.  2  July,  1721 ;  d.  —  July,  1721. 

12-85  Jane*,  bapt.  10  March,  1722-3. 

12-86  Hilkiah*,       )  ^^.^^     ^         3  ..g,    C  d.  24  Aug    1725 

12-87  Mehetabel*,  5  '      *^  *'  '  (  d.  16  Sept.,  1726. 


Corrections  in  1st  article,  Vol.  xix. 
On  page  300,  No.  3-4,  "ThomaB  Leaver «»"  should  read  "  Thomas  Leaver«B-9.»» 
**     303,  the  date  of  marriage  of  Nathaniel  Bailey'-"  with  Sarah  Clark  should 
be  "2  Jan.,  1700-1." 


A   NOTICE   OF   CHARLES   DAVIS, 

LIBRARIAN   OF   THE   ESSEX   INSTITUTE, 

1865-1868. 


Charles  Davis,  a  liberal  friend  and  benefactor  of  the 
Essex  Institute,  was  born  in  Beverly,  October  19,  1806. 
He  died  there,  elanuary  14,  1870.  The  fine  old  i)rovincial 
homestead,  still  standing  in  admirable  preservation  near 
the  corner  of  Davis  and  Front  streets,  was  his  birth-place. 
It  had  belonged  successively  to  his  grandfather.  Captain 
Thomas  Davis  [born,  1716,  died  at  eighty-five,  in  1801], 
an  eminent  merchant  of  Beverly,  probably  born  in  Enghmd, 
and  to  his  father.  Deacon  Thomas  Davis,  [born,  1755,  died 
at  eighty-five,  in  1840] .  A  long-lived  race  this,  well  mated 
with  such  wives  as  Hannah  Woodberry,  [born  1768,  died 
at  eighty-six,  in  1854]  who  was  the  wife  of  Deacon  Thomas 
and  the  mother  of  Charles  Davis,  and  whose  mother, 
Lucy  Herrick,  the  wife  of  Dr.  Israel  Woodberry  of 
Beverly,  died  in  this  very  house,  in  1846,  at  the  patri- 
archal age  of  ninety-eight.  Next  to  the  picturesque  Davis 
homestead,  at  the  corner  of  Davis  and  Front  streets,  stands 
the  house  in  which  Joanna  B.  Prince  resided  in  1809-10, 
and  established,  on  the  Robert  Raikes  system,  what  is 
claimed  to  have  been  the  first  Sunday  school  on  this  con- 
tinent. 

Of  the  father  of  Charles  Davis,  it  is  enough  to  say  here 
that  he  lived  in  good  esteem,  was  described  by  the  scriv- 
eners as  "Esquire,"  and  was,  for  the  last  twenty-eight 
years  of  his  life,  a  deacon  of  the  first  church  in  Beverly, 

HIST.    COLL.  XX  5*  (73) 


74  OLD   HOMESTEAD  FARM. 

which  was  set  off,  1649-67,  from  the  first  church  in  Salem. 
Ill  this  office  he  was  succeeded,  after  an  interval,  by  his  son 
Charles,  who  was  deacon  of  the  same  church  from  1858 
until  his  death.  Of  the  mother,  who  inherited  from  her 
father.  Dr.  Israel  Woodberry,  his  extensive  homestead 
farm  opposite  Beckford  street  near  the  head  of  Bass  River, 
where  the  subject  of  this  memoir  passed  much  of  his  time, 
it  is  curiously  related  that  once,  towards  the  close  of  her 
life,  she  took  him  there  and  directed  him,  in  spite  of  many 
remonstrances,  to  open,  through  heavy  brick-work,  a  hole 
in  the  kitchen  wall,  on  accomplishing  which  an  old  brick 
oven  was  disclosed,  the  door  having  been  effectually  closed 
up  and  concealed,  and  in  it  were  found,  standing  in  rows, 
bean-pots  filled  with  Spanish  dollars  which  had  been  de- 
posited for  safety,  during  the  war  of  1812,  in  this  un- 
suspected place  of  concealment.  Dr.  Woodberry,  who 
died  in  1797,  resided  here  and  owned,  besides  the  house 
and  farm,  the  ancient  grist-mill  and  mill-right  at  the  head 
of  Bass  River. 

This  old  homestead  farm  figured  in  the  witchcraft  rec- 
ords. It  lies  within  a  stone's  throw  of  the  Roger  Conant 
homestead,  and  in  1692  was  the  property  of  Lieut.  Thomas 
Gage,  subsequently  of  Rowley,  who  was  killed  at  the 
disastrous  siege  of  Port  Royal  in  May,  1707,  and  who 
seems  to  have  owned  it  before  1670,  and  to  have  sold  it 
in  1697  to  Robert  Cue  of  Wenham. 

This  Thomas  Gage,  who  was  a  blacksmith,  made  a 
deposition  in  the  matter  of  one  "Roger  Toothaker  of 
Bilrica,  who  stands  charged  with  sundry  acts  of  witch- 
craft by  him  committed  or  donne,"  of  which  the  following 
passage  forms  a  portion. 

"The  deposition  of  Thomas  Gage  aged  about  six  & 
thirty  years. 

"This  Deponant  saith  &  doth  testifie  that  some  time  this 


BUSINESS    OCCUPATIONS    AND   HABITS.  75 

Last  spring  of  y^  year,  that  Doctor  Toothaker  was  in  his 
house  in  Beuerly  (upon  some  occasion)  &  we  discoursed 
aboute  John  Marstons  Childe  of  Salem,  that  was  then  sick 
&  haveing  on  wonted  fitts  :  &  Likewise  another  Childe  of 
Phillip  Whites  of  Beuerly  who  was  then  strangly  sick. 
I  perswaded  s'*  Toothaker  to  goe  &  see  s'^  Children  and 
s^  Toothaker  answered  he  had  seen  them  [)oth  allready, 
and  that  his  opinion  was  they  were  under  an  Evill  hand. 
And  farther  s*^  Toothaker  s*^  that  his  Daughter  had  kild  a 
witch  &  I  asked  him  how  she  Did  it,  &  s"^  Toothaker 
answered  readily  that  his  Daughter  had  Learned  some- 
thing from  him 

"Sworne  by  Thomas  Gage,  Salem  Village  May  20*'', 
1692. 

before  vs   John  Hathorne 


Assis*®-" 
Jonathan  Corwen  ' 

Mr.  Davis  enjoyed  the  best  local  opportunities  for  educa- 
tion, —  was  for  two  years  a  pupil  of  Master  Simeon  Putnam 
at  the  Franklin  Academy  at  Andover,  and  in  1824,  April 
12,  began  a  business  cai'eer  in  the  establishment  of  William 
Endicott,  who  had  just  then  succeeded  Robert  Rantoul  at 
the  corner  of  Washington  and  Cabot  streets  in  Beverly. 
He  left  the  connection,  February  2(5,  1828,  and  opened 
a  place  of  business  on  his  OAvn  account  at  South  Danvers, 
now  Peabody,  and  subsequently  in  Hanover  street,  Boston. 
March  24,  1832,  he  returned  to  Beverly  and  became  a 
partner  with  Augustus  N.  Clark,  under  the  Peabody  house 
on  Cabot  street.  He  was  afterwards  in  business  in  Beverly 
with  his  brother  Alpheus,  and  finally  alone,  in  a  structure 
of  his  own  removed  on  the  opening  of  Broadway.  Here  he 
acted  for  sundry  Insurance  Companies  and  as  a  Justice  of 
the  Peace,  drawing  wills,  deeds  and  other  legal  instruments 
and  busying  himself  in  the  settlement  of  estates,  a  service 
in  which  his  exact  business  habits,  thoroughly  methodical 


76  DISPOSAL    OF   PROPERTY. 

system,  and  elegant  handwriting  gave  him  rare  advan- 
tages. These  characteristics  are  well  illustrated  by  the 
last  entry  in  his  journal,  made  at  two  o'clock  p.  m.,  Jan- 
uary 14,  1870,  the  day  on  which  he  died.  Also  by  the 
fact  that  he  was  superintendent  of  the  First  Parish  Sun- 
day School  from  May  14,  1854,  to  October  3,  1869,  and 
hardly  missed  a  session  during  those  fifteen  years. 

Mr.  Davis  was  married,  June  17,  1841,  to  Helen  M., 
daughter  of  Thomas  and  Mehetabel  (Thorndike)  Stephens, 
of  Beverly,  [born  May  2,  1815,  died  June  12,  1846]  who 
bore  him  one  daughter  [born  June  11,  died  September  4, 
1846] .  Though  dying  at  sixty-four,  he  survived  his  entire 
family.  His  brothers  Israel,  John,  William,  Alpheus 
and  Thomas,  and  his  sister  Lucy,  the  wife  of  Capt.  Pyam 
Lovett  of  Beverly,  his  father,  mother,  wife  and  child  all 
died  before  him.  Thus  left  the  last  of  his  line, —  in  record- 
ing Jan.,  '64,  the  death  of  his  brother  William,  he  says  in 
his  journal,  "  I  am  the  only  one  of  the  family  left  now," — 
Mr.  Davis  made  a  generous  disposal  of  his  property  which 
will  keep  his  memory  green  in  many  hearts,  notably 
among  the  children  of  the  Sunday  School  he  loved  so 
well  to  serve.  By  a  will  dated  May  21,  1866,  he  provides 
for  the  increase  of  the  ministerial  fund  of  the  Washing- 
ton street  society  in  Beverly,  five  hundred  dollars ;  for  a 
donation  to  the  Fisher  Charitable  Society  in  Beverly  of 
which  he  was  a  trustee,  two  thousand  dollars  ;  for  the  Reli- 
gious Society  of  the  First  Parish  in  Beverly,  five  thousand 
dollars,  "  the  income  thereof  to  be  annually  paid  into  the 
hands  of  the  Superintendent  of  the  Sunday  School  belong- 
ing to  said  Society,  and  by  him  applied  in  celebrating  the 
anniversaries  of  said  school  and  for  such  other  purposes 
as  he  may  elect ;"  in  addition  to  which  he  gave  one  thousand 
dollars  to  the  ministerial  fund  of  that  parish,  and  five 
thousand  dollars  to  the  Essex  Institute,  to  further   the 


CHARACTER    AND    DISPOSITION.  77 

general  })iii*p()ses  of  that  institution,  with  which  he  had 
before  identified  himself  by  membership  since  August  4, 
1858  ;  by  four  years'  service  in  the  office  of  librarian  ;  and 
by  an  active  participation  in  the  work  of  the  Field  Meet- 
ing Connnittee,  extending  from  18()5  until  his  death. 
The  constantly  recurring  allusions  to  the  Institute  in  his 
daily  journal,  —  his  frequent  attendance  U[)on  meetings  and 
valued  contributions  to  its  collections,  showed  an  interested 
and  intelligent  appreciation  of  its  work  which  has  been 
worthily  crowned  by  this  last  generous  benefaction. 

Besides  these  public  bequests,  equal  in  amount  to  the 
property  which  came  to  him  by  inheritance,  ]\Ir.  Davis 
left  a  considerable  estate  which  was  distributed  by  will 
among  his  nephews  and  nieces.  The  two  homestead  prop- 
erties are  still  in  possession  of  Thomas  Davis  Lovett, 
now  of  Winton  Place,  near  Cincinnati,  a  son  of  Mr.  Davis's 
sister,  an  eminent  civil  engineer  and  chief  executive  offi- 
cer of  important  railroads  and  mining  enterprises  at  the 
west. 

Mr.  Davis's  disposition  was  social.  While  scrupulonsly 
attentive  to  its  duties  he  did  not  underestimate  the 
rational  enjoyments  of  life.  In  the  management  of  prop- 
erty, whether  his  own  or  that  of  others  freely  intrusted 
to  him,  he  was  prudent,  accurate  and  careful.  Ilis  tastes 
were  pure  and  healthy.  He  enjoyed  the  game  of  chess, 
which  he  played  well.  He  was  a  lover  of  antiquity,  and 
cherished  what  was  old  for  its  associations  as  well  as  for 
its  merit.  He  was  among  the  first  to  interest  himself  in 
the  question  of  the  authenticity  of  the  remains  of  the  First 
Church,  discovered  near  Boston  street  in  Salem,  and  his 
journal  contains  an  account  and  a  sketch  made  at  the  time, 
of  the  remains  as  then  existing.  He  had  a  liking  for  the 
tillage  of  the  soil,  and  year  by  year  took  up  his  residence, 
to  watch  the  growing  and  harvesting  of  the  crops,  at  his 


78  POSTSCRIPT   ON   ENDECOTT   PORTRAITS. 

fine,  old,  ancestral  farm,  one  of  the  largest  in  Beverly, 
lying  along  Bass  river  side,  hard  by  Conant's  old  ferry- 
way  and  the  ancient  haymarket.  His  life  was  exemplary 
throughout.  For  the  shortcomings  of  others  he  had  no 
thoughtless  sneer.  He  found  a  high  satisfaction  in  such 
service  as  it  fell  in  his  way  to  render  to  friend  or  neigh- 
bor, and  was  courteous  and  charitable  to  all.  He  enjoyed 
the  company  and  sports  of  children,  and  no  fitter  memor- 
ial of  him  could  be  devised  than  the  frequent  festivities 
which  his  bounty  has  provided  for  the  children  of  the  com- 
ing years,  in  the  old  First  Parish  of  Beverly. 


A  POSTSCRIPT  TO  THE  ARTICLE 

ON 

GOV.  ENDECOTT'S  PORTRAITS. 

See  ante,  page  16. 


The  supposition  that  the  portrait  of  Governor  Endecott, 
now  the  property  of  the  Massachusetts  Historical  Society, 
might  have  been  for  some  years  in  possession  of  the  Gray 
family,  seems  to  be  negatived  by  the  following  entry,  re- 
cently found  in  an  old  cheque-book  of  the  late  Hon.  Fran- 
cis C.  Gray  and  kindly  furnished  to  the  Essex  Institute, 
while  the  above  article  was  in  press,  by  Hon.  William 
Gray  of  Boston.  It  seems  to  indicate  that,  in  October, 
1836,  Hon.  Francis  C.  Gray  gave  Isaac  P.  Davis,  Esq., 
then  Cabinet  Keeper  of  the  Historical  Society,  a  cheque 
for  the  purchase  of  this  picture,  and  that  it  was  purchased 
for  the  Society  by  him  at  that  time,  from  some  unknown 
source.  These  are  the  words  of  the  cheque-book  mem- 
orandum:  "Oct.  15,  1836,  I.  P.  Davis  or  order,  picture 
of  Endicott  for  Hist.  Soc'y.     $50." 


EXTRACTS  FROM  THE   TOWN  RECORDS 

OF 
WENHAM,  MASS., 


COMMUNICATED  BY  WELLINGTON  POOL. 


[Continued  from  page  115,  VoL  XIX.] 


Also  tis  orderd  &  Agreed  tluit  all  Comon  lands  Whither 
Swampe  or  Vpland  shall  be  &  is  hereby  Approperated 
onely  to  them  that  are  now  towne  dwelers  Vnles  such  as 
shall  ])e  acepted  afterwards. 

also  tis  Aggreed  y'  there  shall  be  200  Akrcs  of  land  of 
y^  best  of  o""  Coiiion  Le[ased]  to  fowre  men  for  one  tiiou- 
sand  yeers  Viz  to  Abner  ordwaye  Tho  :  Searles  John  Ed- 
wards &  Richard  Kemball  Juni'*  they  yeilding  &  paycing 
to  the  towne  Seuerally  for  Euery  iiftie  Akres  5^  for  the 
first  yere  c^  ten  the  2^  yere  &  15«  the  3^  yere  &  20  the  4^" 
yere  &  30«  the  5"'  yeere  &  40«  for  the  6'"  yere  &  so  to 
paye  yerely  Viz  40*  p  yere  Duering  the  Abouesd  terme  to 
w^*  end  there  is  Richard  Kemball  &  Richard  Huttn  thomas 
white  &  tho  :  ffiske  Chosen  to  Compleate  the  Bargine  w*^' 
them  or  any  others  whom  they  shall  Approue  of  in  o"" 
names  tfe  on  o*"  Behalfe 

Also  all  the  Abouesd  Rent  is  to  be  paid  yeerly  for  the 
Vse  of  the  ministry  Amongst  Vs  : 

The  Returne  of  land  laid  out  to  John  Edwards 

Inpersueancof  an  order  of  our  towne  29^''  of  the  12**'  1663 
for  the  leaseing  out  of  50  acrs  of  land  to  John  Edwards 
&c ;  the  Comitte  impowerd  hath  bounded  said  50  acres  as 
followeth  viz  to  begin  at  a  Cleft  of  rocks  by  the  edg  of 
pleasent  or  long  pond  on  the  Southerly  Syd  from  thenc  to 
a  heape  of  Stones  w*'**  heape  of  Stones  lyes  Southwesterly 
from  s?  Cleft  &  from  the  heape  of  stones  Southeasterly  to 
a  red  oake  marked  on  fouro  Sides  Standing  near  turnup 

(79) 


80  THE    TOWN   RECORDS    OF   WENHAM. 

Swampe  :  &  So  on  to  the  brook  w'^^  Runs  in  S')  Swamp 
takeing  the  brooke  for  a  bound  Vntill  it  Com  to  the 
afores  S*^  pond  ;  taking  in  the  one  halfe  of  a  Slip  of  medow 
w*^'^  lyeth  on  the  East  End  of  S*?  pond  as  also  the  one 
halfe  of  a  pcill  of  medow  and  Swampe.  w*'^  lyeth  from 
the  northerly  Sid  of  S*^  pond  to  Ipswich  lyne  thirtie  rod 
in  bredth  from  the  westerly  Side  of  the  brook  that  runeth 
out  of  S**  pond  to  Ipswich  Round  pond 

According  to  A  town  act  made  on  the  29*^  of  the  12*^ 
month  1663. 

Richard  Kemball  Thomas  wliite  Richard  Huttn  & 
Thomas  ffiske  have  in  the  Behalfe  of  the  towne  Leate  out 
to  Thomas  Searles  John  Edwards  &  Richard  Kemball, 
Juni"^  to  each  of  them  theire  heirs  and  Assignes  fiftie 
Akres  of  land  Being  pte  of  the  towne  Comon  of  600 
Akers  for  one  thousand  yeers  according  to  the  said  order  ; 
to  the  pformanc  whereof  we  the  said  Thomas  Searles  John 
Edwards  &  Richard  Kemball  Doe  Bind  our  selves  our 
heires  Executers  Adminstreters  &  Asigns 

in  witness  whereof  we  have  heare  vnto  sett  our  hands  : — 

marke 

John         Edwards 

his 

Richard         Kemball, 

marker- 
Thomas   Searls 

The  ^^  of  .January  1664 
M':  Gott  Richard  Kemball  &  Thomas  ffiske  Chosen  for 
select  men  tire  following  yeere 

its  also  ordered  that  the  Select  men  shall  lay  outacord- 
ing  to  theire  descretion  w'  high  wayes  they  think  nesses- 
ery  for  the  Vse  of  the  towne 

i  of  January  1665  : — 
Richard  :  Kemball  Richard  Huttn  &  Tho  :  ffiske  Cho- 
sen for  Select  men  for  the  following  yere. 
(To  be  continued.) 


HISTORICAL   COLLECTIONS 


ESSEX  INSTITUTE. 

Vol.  XX.      April,  May,  June,  1883.      Xos.  4,  5,  6, 
JAMES   OSBORNE   SAFFORD, 

MEMBER    OF    THE    FINANCE    COMMITTEE    OF    THE    ESSEX 
INSTITUTE    FROM    1874    TO    1883. 


A  sketch  read  at  the  animal  meeting,  May,  1883. 
By  Kohert  S.  Rantoul. 


If  a  keen  sense  of  personal  loss  unfits  one  to  be  the 
biographer  of  another,  the  writer  of  this  brief  memorial 
of  James  O.  Safford  has  not  been  fortunately  chosen. 
Naturally  the  number  of  persons  who  come  very  close  to 
us  in  life, —  who  come  to  make  themselves  part  and  par- 
cel of  our  daily  lives, —  who,  by  manifesting  a  constant, 
spontaneous  and  um*emitting  sympathy  in  all  that  we  are 
and  do,  make  us  feel  that  our  troubles  and  successes,  our 
daily  living  and  all  our  belongings  and  surroundings  have 
an  interest  for  them  as  though  these  were  their  own, — 
naturally  the  number  of  such  friends  permitted  to  most 
of  us  is  very  small  indeed.  When  we  lose  them  it  is  not 
easy  so  far  to  divorce  ourselves  from  that  which  is  per- 
sonal in  the  relation  as  to  be  able  to  say  what  those  who 
stood  in  no  such  relation  may  be  expecting  to  hear.  I 
can  speak  of  Mr.  Safford  only  as  he  was  known  to  me. 

HIST.   COLL.  XX  6  (81) 


82  JAMES  OSBORNE  SAFFORD. 

James  Osborne  Safford  was  born  June  21,  1819,  at  a 
homestead  pm-chased  by  his  father  the  precedmg  No- 
vember, on  the  corner  of  Boston  and  Beaver  streets,  in 
territory  which  is  now  part  of  Salem,  but  was  then  in 
Dan  vers.  He  was  the  second  son  of  Captain  Ebenezer 
Safford,  a  much  respected  tanner  of  that  section,  who 
earned  his  military  title  in  the  state  artillery  of  1812. 
Captain  Safford  had  come  to  Salem  when  a  boy  from  his 
native  town  of  Ipswich,  had  learned  his  trade  with  Mat- 
thew Purinton,  the  Quaker  tanner  of  Salem,  had  bought 
the  tan-yard  on  Goodhue  street,  now  the  property  of 
James  Turner  and  forminof  the  corner  of  the  new  Bridge 
street  extension,  and  had  married  December  21,  1808, 
Hannah  Osborne,  of  the  numerous  and  highly  esteemed 
Dan  vers  family  of  that  name. 

The  Saffords  are  of  the  good,  old,  puritan  stock.  We 
find  the  English  ancestor  settled  at  Ipswich  as  early  as 
1641,  and  two  Thomases,  two  Ebenezers,  a  John,  a 
Daniel  and  a  James,  all  scriptural,  puritan.  New  Eng- 
land names,  complete  the  lineage  to  the  present  day. 
The  record  of  the  Safford  line  of  ancestry  is  traced  in  a 
note  to  be  added  to  this  memorial,  from  material  kindly 
furnished  to  the  files  of  the  Institute  by  Hon.  Nathaniel 
F.  Safford  of  Milton.  Of  the  four  children  of  Captain 
Safford,  two  daughters  survive,  while  the  elder  brother, 
Ebenezer  Warren  Safford,  a  successful  leather-dealer  of 
Brooklyn  an'J  New  York,  died  at  the  old  homestead  in 
Salem  March  20,  1869,  in  his  fifty-sixth  year.  The 
mother  lived  to  a  good  old  age  and,  after  seeing  both  of 
her  sons  established  in  life,  died  June  5,  1848,  in  her 
seventy-second  year.  But  the  father  died  at  fifty-five, 
May  26,  1831,  and  his  death  was  announced  in  the  Salem 
Gazette  of  the  following  day,  in  words  so  prophetic  of  the 
character  of  the  son  that  I  readily  give  place  to  them. 


JAMES  OSBORNE  SAFFORD.  83 

Of  this  "truly  estimable  citizen,"  Captain  Safforcl,  it  was 
there  remarked  :  "  It  may  justly  be  said  of  him  that  no  one 
sustained  the  various  relations  of  husband,  parent,  son  and 
brother,  in  a  more  kind  and  endearing  manner.  As  a 
neiijhbor  and  friend;  he  was  frank  and  undissruised  in  all 
his  actions  and  feelings, —  full  of  sympathy  and  sorrow  at 
the  misfortune  and  distress  of  a  fellow-being, —  upright 
and  honorable  in  his  dealings." 

Deprived  at  the  age  of  twelve  of  such  a  father,  James 
O.  Safford  enjoyed  at  Danvers  for  a  few  yeais  longer  the 
common  educational  advantages  of  the  day,  and  then,  in 
1838,  at  the  age  of  nineteen,  set  out  for  himself  upon  a 
business  career,  first  entering  the  well-established  Hides 
and  Leather  house  of  the  late  James  P.  Thorndike  of 
Blackstone  street,  Boston,  once  located  in  Salem  at  the 
entrance  to  the  turnpike.  He  early  learned, —  it  would 
be  difficult  to  say  how  early  he  learned  the  first  and  last 
lesson  of  practical  affairs,  which  is  self-reliance.  He 
asked  as  boy  or  man  no  odds  of  fortune.  When  he  saw 
what  needed  to  be  done  and  felt  that  he  could  do  it,  he 
warmed  to  the  endeavor.  The  opportunity  that  opened 
before  him  was  his  opportunity.  It  did  not  matter  to  him 
how  some  other  person  might  have  met  it ;  he  met  it  as 
well  as  he  could.  It  was  not  his  Avay  to  demur  because, 
perchance,  some  one  else  might  be  more  familiar  with  the 
problem  which  seemed  to  be  set  before  him  to  solve.  He 
attacked  it  at  once.  Singularly  unconcerned  al)out  the 
judgment  of  the  world,  he  pursued  with  great  intelli- 
gence, with  a  cheerful  energy  and  with  entire  absorption  in 
his  work  the  line  of  effort  which  seemed  to  him  best  suited 
to  his  end,  turning  neither  to  the  right  to  conciliate  an 
adverse  judgment,  nor  to  the  left  to  avoid  the  chance  of 
collision, —  nothing  doubting  of  the  result.  Whatever  his 
merits,  whatever  his  limitations,  they  were  his  own.     It 


84  JAMES  OSBORNE  SAFFORD. 

is  not  a  little  thing  to  say  of  a  character  under  remark  in 
this  age  of  growing  interdependence  and  infinite,  artificial 
social  convolutions,  that  it  is  self-poised  and  rests  firmly 
within  its  base.  If  this  could  be  said  of  any  man  it  was 
true  of  him.  And  if  a  kinder  heart  beat  anywhere  in  a 
bosom  more  alive  to  the  calls  of  friendship,  charity  and 
good-neighborhood, — if  any  of  us  has  better  filled  out  the 
measure  of  duty,  domestic,  personal  or  public, — has  found 
more  pleasure  in  the  high  things  of  life, —  in  advancing 
the  solid  happiness  of  those  about  him,  then  the  world 
would  seem  to  be  richer  in  good  qualities  than  most  of  us 
are  inclined  to  suppose  it. 

After  a  probationary  period  of  ten  years  in  a  business 
which  has  now  become  one  of  the  great  staples  of  Massa- 
chusetts industry,  Mr.  Safibrd  established  himself  first  in 
Blackstone  street,  with  James  P.  Thorndike  as  a  special 
partner,  in  1848  and  afterwards  alone  in  1851.  He  married 
June  29,  1852,  Nancy  Maria,  daughter  of  James  and 
Lydia  (Eustis)  Potter  of  Salem,  who  survives  him,  and 
after  his  marriage  resided  in  Salem.  Three  children, 
James  Potter,  William  Osborne  and  Elizabeth  Froth- 
ingham,  also  survive  him.  His  business  operations  ex- 
tended themselves  widely,  including  both  the  manufacture 
of  leather  and  the  sale  on  commission  of  leather  and  hides, 
and  these  were  often  carried  on  at  distant  points.  He 
was  chosen  November  1,  1859,  a  director  of  the  old 
North  Bank  ;Of  Boston,  and  on  March  19,  1883,  the 
president  and  directors,  in  view  of  his  decease,  unani- 
mously recorded  the  resolve  that  his  uninterrupted  ser- 
vice in  that  capacity  for  twenty-four  years  called  for  their 
"  hearty  recognition  of  his  high  integrity  as  an  intelligent 
business  man,  and  of  his  untiring  fidelity  to  his  trust  in 
that  institution  :  also  of  his  genial  and  warm-hearted  bear- 
ing as  a  friend."     He  was  a  director  of  the  Naumkeag 


JAMES  OSBORNE  SAFFORD.  85 

Steam  Cotton  Company,  our  largest  incorporated  enter- 
prise, from  January,  1871,  until  his  death.  And  at  their 
meeting  April  16,  1883,  the  president  and  directors  of  this 
corporation,  in  recording  their  "tribute  of  respect  for  the 
character  and  memory  of  one  so  long  associated"  with 
them,  expressed  their  sense  of  loss  at  the  death  of  a 
"valued  citizen,"  "mourned  by  all  who  knew  him  and  by 
the  community  in  which  he  lived," — a  fast  friend  of  their 
enterprise,  who  had  "conscientiously  and  faithfully  per- 
formed all  the  duties  pertaining  to  his  olBce."  And  they 
further  resolved  that  "in  his  intercourse  with  us  he  won 
our  confidence  and  esteem,  and  now,  while  avc  look  upon 
his  vacant  seat  and  mourn  his  absence,  we  will  cherish  his 
memory  and  recall  his  kind,  cordial  and  pleasant  manner, 
ever  to  be  held  in  affectionate  rememl)rance." 

But  while  the  pursuit  of  practical  aflairs  was  with  him 
an  engrossing  passion  and  while  he  enjoyed  to  the  utmost 
the  exercise  of  the  rare  gift  for  large  business  coml)inati()ns 
with  which  he  was  endowed,  he  was  not  betrayed  into 
forgetfulness  of  social  and  public  duties.  He  held  large 
views  of  local  enterprise  and  of  municipal  expenditure. 
He  desired  to  see  the  city  of  his  home  compare  well  with 
her  sister  cities  of  the  commonwealth  and  of  the  county. 
Whatever  reflected  injuriously  upon  Salem  had  a  pang  for 
him.  His  own  business  success  was  identified  with  the 
growth  and  welfare  not  so  much  of  Salem  as  of  her  greater 
rival,  for  it  is  thus  that  Boston,  since  the  day  of  railroads, 
draws  out  of  the  arteries  of  her  neighbors  the  life-current 
that  sustains  her,  but  he  withheld  neither  voice  nor  hand 
from  any  local  enterprise  of  a  public  nature  which  promised 
advantage  to  the  city,  nor  overlooked,  in  the  apprehension 
of  an  increase  of  taxes,  the  patent  fact  that  no  more  re- 
munerative investment  of  privnte  funds  is  ever  made  than 
when  they  are  spent  in  judicious,  well-ordered  municipal 


86  JAMES  OSBORNE  SAEFORD. 

improvements.  When  it  became  evident  that  Salem  was 
placed  at  a  disadvantage  with  other  cities  by  reason  of 
her  inadequate  supply  of  water,  Mr.  Safford  was  early, 
active  and  constant  in  support  of  the  needful  steps  to  set 
her  right,  and  in  May,  1865,  at  considerable  inconvenience 
to  himself,  for  the  demands  of  his  private  business  were 
exacting,  he  consented  to  an  election  to  the  city  council. 
Here  he  served  for  four  years,  filling  a  place  in  1866-7--8 
on  the  Joint  Standing  Committee  on  Finance  and  Appro- 
priations, and  bearing  a  conspicuous  part  in  the  delicate 
service  of  placing  the  city  water  loan  on  the  market  to  the 
best  advantage.  To  none  of  her  citizens  does  Salem  owe 
more  than  to  James  O.  Safford,  for  public  spirit,  business 
sagacity,  zeal  and  firmness  displayed  in  her  behalf,  in  con- 
nection with  the  most  considerable  financial  undertaking 
in  which  it  has  yet  been  her  fortune  to  embark. 

But  he  had  public  spirit  in  a  larger  sense  and  was  pat- 
riotic. In  time  of  peace  he  was  not  willing  to  stand  idly 
by  and  let  the  ship  of  state  drift.  Political  duties,  be  they 
onerous  or  inconvenient,  were  duties  still.  Throughout 
the  terrible  ordeal  of  civil  war,  Mr.  Safford  left  nobody 
in  doubt  about  his  sympathies  and  convictions,  but  was 
ready  among  the  first  and  constant  to  the  last  to  bear 
a  man's  part.  Periods  of  ill-success  in  arms,  —  periods 
of  threatened  interference  from  abroad  —  periods  of  finan- 
cial derangement  quite  as  serious,  —  periods  of  shifting 
policy  and  uncertain  duty,  dividing  the  councils  of  leaders 
and  distracting  the  loyalty  of  the  faithful,  might  come  and 
go.  He  was  of  those  who,  from  first  to  last,  did  not  de- 
spair. Whoever  faltered,  he  stood  firm.  And  when  at  last 
madness  exhausted  itself  in  collapse,  —  a  collapse  more 
sudden  and  complete  than  sanguine  prognosticators  had 
ventured  to  forecast — and  the  rebellion  ended,  it  was  my 
fortune  to  be  summoned  from  my  dreams  on  that  moment- 


JAMES  OSBORNE  SAFFORD.  87 

ous  April  morning  by  a  hailstorm  of  gravel  at  my  chamber 
window  and  to  hear  from  the  lips  of  my  friend  the  most 
stupendous  piece  of  intelligence  it  had  been  given  him 
in  his  life  to  utter,  or  me  in  mine  to  hear. 

He  had  energy  and  zeal  and  courage  and  good  judgment 
and  that  faculty  for  prompt  decision  which  goes  so  far 
towards  assured  success.  He  had  a  keen  sense  of  humor, 
and  an  instinct  to  recognize  good,  intellectual  w^ork,  and 
an  habitual  drollery  and  good  cheer  which  also  go  far 
indeed  to  make  their  possessor  superior  to  fortune,  and 
his  society  attractive.  When  the  great  Boston  tire  of 
November,  1872,  turned  the  warehouse  in  Congress  street 
which  he  had  locked  up  on  that  fateful  Saturday  night, 
stock,  counting-room  and  all,  into  an  undistinguishable 
heap  of  rubbish  before  morning,  and  the  worth  or  worth- 
lessness  of  insurance  policies  was  for  the  moment  an 
unsolved  problem,  he  lost  no  time  in  idle  regrets,  but 
pushed  steadily  though  cautiously  on,  and  Avas  among  the 
first  to  announce  himself  as  ready  for  business  again,  in  a 
restored  and  better  appointed  structure  on  the  site  w^iich 
he  had  occupied  for  his  business  since  Jan'y,  1865.  He  had 
bought,  June  24,  1871,  the  elegant  Salem  mansion  house, 
built  by  John  Andrew  in  1818,  on  the  westerly  side  of 
what  was  then  called  Washington  place,  of  which  Governor 
Andrew  used  to  say,  as  often  as  he  passed  it,  that  he  hoped 
to  live  in  it,  if  ever  he  found  himself  able  to  have  a  home 
out  of  Boston.  From  the  rear  windows  of  Plummer  Hall 
this  residence  affords  a  most  attractive  picture.  It  is  not 
less  fortunate  in  its  traditions.  It  was  reputed  to  be  of 
wonderful  construction.  Its  stately  columns  of  hollow 
wood,  said  to  be  packed  with  rock  salt  from  the  Russia 
trade  which  furnished  the  wealth  employed  to  rear  it, — its 
masonry  of  bricks  dipped  hot  iu  oil,  —  its  floors  of  stone, 
—  its  solid  chamber- walls,  completing  a  structure  imper- 


88  JAMES   OSBORNE   S AFFORD. 

vious  to  sound,  and  of  such  enduring  quality  that  the 
master-builder  set  in  his  monumental  work  a  tile,  bearing 
in  relief  the  initials  of  his  name  and  the  date  of  the 
building,  —  the  gossips'  story  of  its  ample  hearth-stones 
smoking  with  back-logs  of  sandal- wood  brought  home 
for  dunnage  in  our  commercial  era,  and  of  parlor,  hall  and 
dadoed  chamber  full  of  the  aroma,  —  such  tales  as  these 
floating  in  the  air,  be  they  mythical  or  true,  predispose 
us  to  expect  a  hospitable  atmosphere  within,  and  this  ex- 
pectation, during  Mr.  Safibrd's  occupancy,  was  not  defeated. 
From  the  autumn  of  1871,  when  he  occupied  the  house, 
its  doors  were  open  to  an  ever-widening  circle.  For  his 
sympathies  were  catholic,  and  while  the  range  of  his 
acquaintance  brought  persons  of  varied  character  and 
mental  equipment  within  his  ken,  he  had  that  rare  faculty, 
so  invaluable  to  the  host,  of  drawing  his  best  from  each. 
He  loved  nature  in  all  her  phases.  His  eye  was  quick, 
—  his  form  erect,  —  his  tread  firm  and  elastic.  He  liked 
a  fresh  horse  and  the  fresh  of  the  morning.  His  personal 
tastes  were  pure  and  healthy.  Thoroughly  domestic  in 
his  instincts,  it  was  his  life-long  habit  to  pass  the  little 
leisure  he  allowed  himself  either  in  driving  with  his  family, 
in  tending  in  his  garden  the  fruits,  vines  and  flowers  he 
took  such  care  and  pride  in  cultivating,  or  in  some  simple 
recreation  at  home  in  which  those  nearest  him  would  like 
to  join.  Did  some  agreeable  experience  invite  him?  He 
was  quick  to, think  of  some  one  who  would  like  to  share 
it.  Did  an  opportunity  for  some  service  to  another  disclose 
itself?  He  did  not  wait  to  have  it  pointed  out,  nor  once 
discovered  was  he  likely  to  forget  it.  I  think  few  men 
have  enjoyed  more  keenly  the  luxury  of  quiet  benefaction. 
No  one  who  could  so  thoroughly  identify  himself  with  the 
happiness  of  children  —  no  one  who  could  draw  such  a 
fund  of  pleasure  from  watching  year  by  year  the  bursting 


JAMES  OSBORNE  SAFFOBD.  89 

buds  and  unfolding  petals  and  all  the  marvelously  engag- 
ing though  familiar  processes  of  nature,  needs  any  other 
patent  to  attest  the  quality  of  his  manhood. 

As  a  vestryman  and  constant  attendant  at  St.  Peter's, 
Mr.  Safford  made  himself  a  highly  valued  member  of  that 
parish.  He  was  chosen  vestryman  at  Easter,  1865,  and 
continued  in  the  office  until  he  declined  a  reelection  in 
1882.  As  trustee  of  parochial  funds  and  as  a  member  of 
committees  for  the  management  of  church  charities  and 
building  operations,  he  was  ready,  liberal,  and  active. 

He  became  a  member  of  the  Essex  Institute  January  4, 
1854,  and  at  the  annual  meeting  in  May,  1874,  was  chosen 
to  a  place  on  the  Finance  Committee  which  he  filled  until 
his  death.  His  services  on  other  committees  from  time  to 
time  have  been  cheerfully  rendered. 

He  died  at  Salem,  March  18,  1883. 


GENEALOGICAL  NOTE 

FROM  MATERIAL   FURNISHED  THE  ESSEX  INSTITUTE  BY 
NATHANIEL  F.  SAFFORD. 

James  Osborne  Safford  was  born  in  Danvers  June 
21,  1819,  and  died  at  his  residence,  Salem,  March  18, 
1883,  in  his  sixty-fourth  year.     His  lineage  is  of 

1  Thomas  Safford  of  Ipswich,  resident  there  1641, 
and  owner  of  an  estate  there  prior  to  April  6  of  that  year. 
Freeman,  Dec.  19,  1648.  Prior  to  his  decease,  which 
occurred  Feb.  20,  1667,  he  made  provision  for  the  main^ 

HIST.    COLL.  XX  6* 


90  JAMES   OSBORNE   SAFFORD. 

tenance  of  his  wife  and  three  daughters,  from  the  occupan- 
cy of  his  farm  of  sixty  acres  and  from  annuities. 

His  widow  Elizabeth  died  at  Ipswich  March  4,  1671. 

Their  children  were : 

Joseph,  b.  1631. 
John  ^  b.  1633. 
Elizabeth. 
Mary. 
Abigail. 

In  1641,  the  time  when  the  name  Thomas  Safford  is 
first  met  with  at  Ipswich,  two  hundred  names  are  enumer- 
ated in  the  list  of  settlers  at  Agawam  since  the  settlement 
there  of  Winthrop,  jr.,  and  others  in  March,  1633.  It 
was  called  Ipswich  Aug.  4,  1634,  in  recognition  of  the 
kindness  conferred  upon  our  people  by  the  town  of  that 
name  in  England,  where  "our  people  took  shipping." 
There  are  persons  of  the  surname  Safford  now  resident  in 
that  old  town  from  which  these  took  shipping ;  but  no 
facts  are  ascertained  connecting  the  lineage  of  this  family 
with  any  other,  prior  to  1641.  The  surname  is  of  Saxon 
derivation  and  occurs  in  the  early  part  of  the  thirteenth 
century,  —  likewise  in  an  inscription  upon  an  ancient  seal 
of  one  of  the  towns  upon  the  English  coast  —  ^.  e., 
"  Sigillum  Burgensium  de  Saffordia ; — "  also  in  the  list  of 
emigrants  to  Virginia  1613-1623. 


2  John,  born  1633,  was  also  at  Ipswich  1665  ;  makes 
conveyance  of  real  estate  to  his  son  Thomas  for  the 
maintenance  of  his  wife  and  daughter,  dated  Sept.  5,  1698, 
in  terms  not  dissimilar  from  that  made  by  his  father.  His 
wife  Sarah  S.  joins  in  the  same. 


JAMES   OSBORNE   8AFF0RD.  91 

Their  children  were : 

Sarah,  b.  July  U,  1664;  d.  July  21,  1712. 

Margaret,  b.  Feb.  28,  1666. 

Rebecca,  b.  Aug.  30,  1667. 

Mary,  b.  Feb.  26,  1669. 

Elizabeth,  b.  Feb.  27,  1671. 

Thomas  3,  b.  Oct.  16,  1672. 

Joseph,  b.  March  12,  1675. 


3  Thomas,  born  Oct.  16,  1672,  married  Oct.  7, 1698, 
Eleanor  Setchwell ;  she  died  Dec.  22,  1724;  married  2d, 
in  Rowley,  29  June,  1725,  Sarah  Scott. 

His  inventory  April  15,  1754.  The  inventory  contains 
some  of  the  same  parcels  belonging  to  his  grandfather  in 
Ipswich,  and  six  or  more  parcels  acquired  by  purchase. 

The  children  of  Thomas  and  Elinor,  were  : 

Sarah,  b.  March  29,  1701 ;  d.  July  10,  1702. 

Thomas,  b.  April  28,  1703. 

Joseph,  b.  March,  1704-5. 

Daniel  ^  b.  1706. 

John. 

Nathan,  b.  March  16,  1712. 

James,  b.  June  27,  1714. 

Stephen,  b.  March  10,  1716-17. 

Titus,  bapt<»  Feb.  24,  1722-23;  d.  Apr.  11,  1729. 


4  Daniel,  b.  1706,  m.  Abigail  Foster  (mcZe  Reginald 
F.)  Pub.  int.  marriage  March  10,  1732.  She  died  Apr. 
12,  1736. 

By  2d  marriage  (Hannah  Hovey)  children  were : 

Hannah  —  Abigail  —  M^iry  —  Ebenezer',  bapt**  Apr.  3,  1748. 
Deacon  William  Safford  of  Central  St.,  Salem,  bapf*  Feb.  22, 
1756,  was  also  son  of  Daniel  *. 

Daniel  died  at  Ipswich  May  24,  1796,  oet,  90  yrs. 


92  JAMES  OSBORNE   S AFFORD. 

5    Ebenezer,  bapt*^  Apr.  3, 1748.     Pub.  int.  m.  (L. 
H.)  March  14,  1772.     Children  were  : 

Hannah,  m.  Daniel  Low.     She  died  Oct.  6,  1817. 

Ebenezer*,  b.  at  Ipswich,  Aug.  27,  1776;  d.  May  26,  1831. 

William,  b.  March  27,  1779;  d.  Jan.  17,  1868. 

Lucy,  died  March  12,  1851. 

Susan,  m.  Nathan  Safford,  Dec.  24,  1816 ;  d.  Nov.  20,  1826. 


6    Ebenezer,  born  at  Ipswich,  Aug.  27,  1775 ;  m. 
Hannah  Osborne,  Dec.  21, 1808.    He  died  May  26,  1831. 
Hannah  O.,  b.  Jan.  20,  1777 ;  d.  June  5,  1848. 
Their  children : 

Martha  Osborne — Ebenezer  Warren  —  Harriet  Persis  —  James 
Osborne*,  b.  June  21;  1819,  m.  June  29,  1852,  Nancy 
Maria  Potter;  d.  March  18,  1883. 


THE  PERiaNS  FAMILY. 

[Continued  from  page  36,  Vol.  xx.] 

61  John  {LuTce,^^  John^  John  ^)  was  born  in  Ipswich, 
Mass.,  May  14,  1693.  He  married  Anna  Perkins,  daugh- 
ter of  John  and  Mary  Perkins,  of  Wenham.  She  was 
born  in  1692  ;  they  were  published  Jan.  12, 1711,  and  were 
married  Jan.  30,  1711.  He  resided  in  Ipswich,  and  was  a 
blacksmith  by  trade.  He  bought  land  in  Ipswich  of  Wil- 
liam and  Mary  Davison,  May  9,  1716. 

Feb.  27,  1723-4,  he  sold  to  Benjamin  Stone,  "taylor," 
three  acres  of  land  with  house  and  barn  for  £112,  re- 
serving the  shop  for  himself. 

Their  son  Nathaniel,  a  weaver,  died  in  1746.  Admin- 
istration of  his  estate  was  given  to  his  father,  March  7, 
1747. 

Children  of  John  and  Anna  Perkins  were* : 

147  John,  b.  Dec.  5,  1712;  d.  Jan.  9,  1712,  in  Wenham. 

148  Nathaniel,  b.  ;  d.  in  1746. 

64  Abraham  (Isaac,^'^  John,^  John^)  was  born  in 
Chebacco  Parish,  Ipswich,  Mass.,  Sept.  15,  1671.  He 
married  Abigail  Dodge,  Nov.  6,  1701.  She  was  the 
daughter  of  Joseph  and  Sarah  Dodge,  and  was  born  in 
Beverly,  the  place  of  residence  of  her  parents,  Sept.  12, 
1681.  She  was  the  oldest  of  a  family  of  eight  brothers 
and  sisters.     Their  marriage  took  place  at  Ipswich,  Mass. 

This  fac-simile  was  • 

taken   from  an  auto-  ^y^Q^^^c^^i^     J^fPyA-^^y 
graph  made  in  1725. 

Abraham  Perkins  was  a  farmer  in  his  native  place, 
Chebacco,  and  acquired  a  large  propeity  in  farming  lands. 
His  homestead  and  farm  adjoined  that  of  his  father. 
This  property  he  bought  of  his  uncle,  Nathaniel,  in  1700. 

(03) 


94  THE   PERKINS   FAMILY. 

His  father  gave  him,  by  deed  of  gift,  a  parcel  of  upland 
and  marsh,  Feb.  21,  1717-18.  We  have  no  record  of 
the  time  of  his  death,  or  of  that  of  his  wife. 

Children  of  Abra'm  and  Abigail  (Dodge)  Perkins  were : 

149  Abigail,  b.  1702 ;  m.  Joseph  Emerson. 

150  James,  b.  in  1705 ;  m.  Margaret  Andrews. 

151  Isaac,  b.  in  1707;  m.  Elizabeth  Butler. 

152  Abraham,  b.  in  1708;  m.  1st,  Eliz'h  Ely;  2d,  wtd.  Mary  Ely. 

153  Hannah,  b.  in  1709 ;  m.  John  Butler. 

154  Sarah,  b.  in  1711;  m.  Jonathan  Low. 

155  Elizabeth,  b.  Dec.  30,  1715 ;  m.  Wm.  Ely,  jr. 

156  Joseph,  b.  March  12,  1720 ;  m.  Elizabeth  Choate. 

66  Isaac  (Isaac,^^  John^  John^)  was  born  in  Che- 
bacco  Parish,  Ipswich,  Mass.,  May  23,  1676.  He  mar- 
ried, first,  widow  Mary  Pike  (or  Picket)  June  3,  1703 ; 
at  the  time  of  this  marriage  his  father  gave  him  "  £100  or 
other  goods,  chatels  or  lands,  equivalent  thereunto,  in  con- 
sideration thai  my  sonne  Isaac  doth  marry  with  Mary  Pike 
of  Boston,  widow,  and  now  of  Ipswich."  This  was  to  be 
paid  £10  a  year,  from  the  day  and  date  of  their  marriage. 
This  sum  he  gives  "  for  love  &  good  will  that  I  bear  to 
my  Sonne  &  in  consideration  that  ye  said  Pike  do  proceed 
in  the  matter  of  marriage  with  my  said  sonne  Isaac."  His 
wife,  Mary,  died  in  1720.  He  married,  second,  Lydia 
Vifian,  of  Boston,  Oct.  10,  1723 ;  she  was  the  widow  of 
John  Vifian,  mariner. 

He  was  a  shipmaster,  and  was  called  Capt.  Isaac  Perkins. 
His  home  was  in  Boston,  and  all  of  his  children,  who  were 
by  his  first  wife,  Mary,  were  •born  there.  He  left  a  will, 
giving  to  his  widow  £250,  that  being  what  she  had  when 
he  married  her ;  and  the  remainder,  £397,  he  gave  to  his 
two  minor  children,  Hannah  and  Isaac,  who  were  living  at 
the  time  of  his  death.  His  son  Isaac  died  in  Boston,  Oct. 
13,  1737,  at  the  age  of  twenty-three  years,  and  was  in- 
terred in  Chebacco. 

Capt.  Isaac  Perkins  died  in  Boston  June  14,  1725. 


1 


I 


THE   PERKINS   FAMILY.  95 

William  Cooper's  diary  contains  the  following  entry : 
"June  17,  1725,  attended  the  funeral  of  Capt.  Isaac  Per- 
kins." 

Children  of  Capt.  Isaac  and  Mary  (Pike)  Perkins 
were : 

157  Isaac,  b.  March  9,  1703-4;  d.  May  13,  1705. 

158  Richard,  b,  Sept.  12,  1705;  d.  March  25,  1708. 

159  Mary,  b.  March  16,  1706-7;  d.  before  1725. 

160  Hannah,  b.  April  4,  1708;  m.  Francis  Choate. 

161  Isaac,  b.  in  Oct.,  1710;  d.  Oct.  13,  1737. 

67  Jacob  (Isaac f^^  John,'^  John  ^)  was  born  in  Chc- 
bacco  Parish,  Ipswich,  Mass.,  Nov.  9,  1678.  He  married 
first,  Mary  Cogswell,  being  pu])lished  Sept.  8,  1716  ;  she 
died  in  1727;  second,  Susanna  Butler,  Feb.  10,  1728-9; 
she  was  the  widow  of  William  Butler,  who  died  ^lay  6, 
1723,  and  w^as  the  daughter  of  William  and  Susanna 
Cogswell.  She  was  born  in  1689,  and  died  Oct.  1,  1769, 
aged  eighty  years. 

Jacob  Perkins  was  a  farmer,  and  resided  upon  the 
homestead  of  his  father.  This  farm  was  given  him  l)y  his 
father,  Isaac,  who  says  in  the  deed,  "in  consideration  of 
what  duty  he  is  to  perform  in  taking  care  of  and  pro- 
viding for  myself  and  wife,  which  he  and  his  heirs  stand 
obliged  to  do  by  a  written  instrument,  bearing  the  same 
date  as  these  presents,"  etc.,  etc.  Upon  this  farm  he  re- 
sided during  his  life.  He  owned  considerable  land  in 
various  parts  of  Ipswich.  He  died  in  March,  1754,  at  the 
age  of  seventy-six.     His  will  is  very  long  and  minute. 

This  fac-simile,  here  given, 
was  taken  from  an 
which  was  made  Feb. 

Children  of  Jacob  and  Mary  (Cogswell)  Perkins  were  : 

162  Jacob,  b.  in  1717;  m.  Elizabeth  Storey,  in  1743;  d.  in  1776. 

163  Mary,  b.  Sept.  25,  1726 ;  d.  young. 


auto'^-aph  oya^^^J^y/fiTi  Aj'i^j 

..14,1725.  ^ 


96  THE   PERKINS  FAMILY. 

Children  by  Susanna  (Cogswell)  Perkins  were : 

164  Lucy,  b.  Oct.  25,  1730 ;  d.  in  infancy. 

165  Francis,  b.  May  7,  1732;  m.  1st,  Hannah  Cogswell,  in  1756; 

2d,  Martha  Low,  in  1761. 

73  Samuel  (Samuel,^^  John^  Jolm^)  wsls  born  in 
Ipswich,  Mass.,  Nov.  26,  1679,  and  was  never  married. 
He  was  a  mariner,  and  inherited  property  from  his 
father  and  his  grandmother,  Hannah  West,  of  which  he 
never  came  into  possession,  as  he  probably  died  abroad. 
When  his  brother  and  sister  disposed  of  their  interest  in 
this  property,  they  speak  of  him  as  probably  being  at  that 
time  deceased. 

74  Ebenezer  {Samuel^^^  John^  John^)  was  born  in 
Ipswich,  Mass.,  Feb.  3,  1681.  He  married  first,  Hannah 
Saflford,  Aug.  14,  1710,  at  Preston,  Conn. ;  he  married 
a  second  wife,  but  who  she  was  has  not  been  ascertained. 
He  was  a  farmer,  and  removed  from  Ipswich,  Mass.,  to 
Preston,  Conn.,  where  he  bought  123  acres  of  land  of 
John  Hill,  Oct.  27,  1714,  but  sold  this  land  again  to  John 
Pray  in  1716,  when  he  removed  to  Voluntown,  Conn., 
where  he  took  possession  of  land  which  was  given  to  his 
father,  Samuel,  in  consideration  of  services  rendered  by 
him  as  a  volunteer  soldier  in  the  Narragansett  war,  Nov. 
17,  1735.  He,  then  living  at  Voluntown,  sold  to  John 
Wildes,  of  Topsfield,  for  £26.  8s.  6d.,  all  his  father's  rights 
to  land  in  Voluntown.  He  removed  to  Coventry,  R.  I., 
after  the  sale  of  this  land,  and  died  there  before  1754,  as 
we  learn  from  the  following  records. 

John  Perkins  of  Preston  (son  of  Samuel  Perkins  of 
Ipswich,  and  brother  of  Ebenezer,  of  Preston),  who  was 
a  mariner,  died  abroad  and  left  a  will,  giving  certain  prop- 


THE    PERKINS    FAMILY.  97 

erty  "to  the  children  of  his  brother  Ebenezer  hy  his  first 
wife^ 

On  July  8,  1754,  "Newman  Perkins,  of  Exeter,  K.  I., 
Samuel  Perkins  and  Oliver  Perkins,  husbandman,  of  Scit- 
uate  in  said  R.  I.,  Valentine  Perkins,  of  01)long,  N.  Y., 
husl)andman,  Ebenezer  Perkins,  of  Coventry,  K.  I.,  hus- 
bandman, Lenuiel  and  Erancis  Perkins,  of  Voluntown, 
Conn.,  mariners,  children  of  Ebenezer  Perkins,  late  of 
Coventry,  in  the  colony  of  Rhode  Island,  husbandman, 
deceased,  hy  his  first  Avife,"  grant  to  John  Harris,  of  Bos- 
ton, power  to  sell  their  land,  etc.,  in  Ipswich,  which  lately 
belonged  to  their  (hrotJier,  hy  mistake  of  the  scril)e)  uncle 
John  Perkins,  of  Preston,  in  the  colony  of  Connecticut, 
deceased.  Another  brother,  Lemuel,  of  Voluntown, 
Conn.,  sold  his  interest  in  this  property  to  Daniel  Gid- 
dinge,  of  I})swich,  Gent.,  "about  D  acres,  which  is  my 
Avhole  shear." 

The  marriage  of  Ebenezer  and  Hannah  is  recorded  at 

Preston,  as  are  also  the  names  and  dates  of  the  ])irtli  of 

their  children,  which  are  as  follows  : 

lOG  Newman,  1).  March  8,  1711. 
1G7  Samuel,  b.  May  18,  1712. 
168  Oliver,  b.  Apr.  29,  1713. 
1G9  Charity,  b.  July  4,  1714. 

170  Elleuher,  b.  July  2G,  1718. 

171  Lemuel,  b.  Apr.  2,  1720. 

172  Ebein^zer,  b.  July  1,  1721. 

173  John. 

76  John  {Sa7nuely^*  John,-  Johii^)  was  ])orn  in  Ips- 
wich, Mass.,  May  12,  1692.  He  removed  to  Preston, 
Conn.,  in  1719,  to  which  place  his  older  brother,  Eben- 
ezer, had  previously  gone.  He  was  a  mariner,  and  died 
in  Curacoa,  W.  I.,  in  1753.  His  will,  made  on  ship- 
board just  before  his  death,  was  probated  in  Essex  Co., 
Mass.     ITefore  his  death,  be  had  sold  to  his  uncle,  all  his 

HIST.    COLL.  X3^  7 


98  THE   PERKINS   FAMILY. 

interest  in  the  estate  of  his  grandmother  West,  and  also 
in  the  estate  of  his  brother  Samuel,  who  was  supposed 
to  be  deceased.  In  his  will  he  gave  to  his  brother  Eben- 
ezer's  son,  John,  money  he  had  left  in  the  hands  of  Edward 
Richardson,  of  Newbury ;  other  money  left  in  the  hands 
of  Jacob  Perkins,  of  Chebacco ;  of  which  he  gave  him 
four  pistoles,  and  the  rest  to  his  sister  Hannah.  All 
his  land  in  Ipswich,  and  all  his  interest,  when  remitted 
home,  were  to  be  divided  between  the  children  of  his 
brother  Ebenezer  "by  his  first  wife."  They,  with  the  ex- 
ception of  Lemuel,  gave  a  power  of  attorney  in  1754, 
to  John  Harris,  of  Boston,  to  sell  the  property.  John 
Harris,  of  Boston,  was  appointed  by  the  court  as  admin- 
istrator with  the  will  annexed. 

It  is  not  known  that  John  Perkins  was  ever  married. 

83  William  (John,'^^  Abraham,^  John^^  John^)  was 
born  in  Ipswich,  Mass.,  June  25,  1702.  He  married 
Hannah  Crumpton,  being  published  Feb.  1,  1723.  She 
was  the  daughter  of  Francis  Crumpton,  sen.,  tavern er, 
and  Hannah,  his  wife,  and  was  born  in  1705.  He  was 
a  physician.  The  name  of  William  Perkins  does  not 
appear  upon  the  catalogue  of  Harvard  College,  making 
it  improbable  that  he  was  graduated  there,  as  were  his 
father  and  younger  brother,  Nathaniel.  He  studied  medi- 
cine with  his  father,  and  practised  his  profession  in  Ips- 
wich, where  he  was  known  as  Doctor  William  Perkins. 

He  must  have  died  before  Nov,  1,  1731,  as  at  that  date 
his  widow,  in  a  deed  given  in  the  settlement  of  the  estate 
of  her  father,  speaks  of  herself  as  "the  widow  of  Dr. 
William  Perkins,  late  deceased." 

Children  of  William  and  Hannah  Perkins  were  : 

174  Hannah,  bapt.  July  10, 1726 ;  m.  John  Rust,  pu^.  If  ov.  17,  '50. 

175  William,  bapt.  Aug.  4,  1728. 


THE    PERKINS    FAMILY.  99 

84  Nathan  (John,^  Abraham,^  John?  John^)  was 
lx)rn  in  Ipswich  about  1705.  lie  married  Elizabeth  Man- 
ning, and  was  published  Oct.  23,  1731.  He  died  July  6, 
1773.  Little  is  to  be  learned  concerning  him  from  the 
records. 

Children  of  Nathan  and  Elizabeth  (oNIanning)  Perkins 
were  : 

176  Nathaniel,  bapt.  Apr.  6,  1735. 

177  lieamsley,  bapt.  Dec.  5,  1736. 

86  Nathaniel  {John,^^  Ahrahani,^  John,-  John^)  was 
born  in  Boston  about  1714-15.  He  was  a  pupil  at  the 
Boston  Latin  Scliool  in  1723,  entered  Harvard  College  in 
1730,  and  was  gradujited  in  1734;  after  his  graduation 
he  studied  medicine,  and  practised  in  I^oston.  In  1740, 
his  father  gave  him,  hy  deed  of  gift,  all  his  propert}^  and 
he  prol)ably  succeeded  him  in  his  practice. 

We  have  no  knowledge  of  his  ever  havin«:  married. 
He  had  a  house  in  Wing  Lane,  Boston,  in  1760,  and  his 
name  is  found,  with  other  citizens  of  Boston,  on  a  petition 
concerning  the  paving  of  Atkinson  street,  in  1746. 

In  1762  he,  with  his  sisters,  children  by  Mary  Checkley, 
who  are  mentioned  by  name,  Hannah  Norton  and  Mary 
IngTaham,  widow,  unites  in  a  deed  of  sale  of  a  "certain 
mill  priviledge  which  our  honored  grandfather,  Anthony 
Checkley,  deceased,  purchased  of  Bichard  Currier,  of 
Almsbury,  Essex  Co. — July  21,  1762."  This  deed  was 
acknowledged  in  Boston  and  Koxbury. 

We  tind  the  following  item  concerning  Dr.  Nathaniel. 
"William  Lee  Perkins,  Doctor, ^^  and  Nathaniel  Perkins, 
Doctor,  are  mentioned  in  the  act  of  confiscation  passed 
in  1778."     He  died  in  1799. 


10 Dr.  William  L.  Perkins  was  a. descendant  of  Rev.  William  Perkins,  of  Tops- 
field,  and  was  a  son  of  another  Dr.  John  Perkins,  of  Boston. 


100  THE    PERKINS   FAMILY. 

91  Elizabeth  {Stephen,"^^  Abraham,^  John?  John}) 
was  born  in  Ipswich,  Mass.,  and  baptized  Oct.  18,  1713. 
She  was  published  to  Capt.  Elias  Lowater,  Oct.  16,  1731, 
and  married  Nov.  10,  1731.  He  was  a  widower  at  the 
time  of  their  marriage,  having  before  married  with  Sarah 
Daniels,  of  Salem,  Oct.  27,  1725.  It  is  to  be  supposed, 
from  his  title,  that  he  was  a  master-mariner.  They  had 
one  child  if  not  more. 

Child  of  Elias  and  Elizabeth  (Perkins)  Lowater  was  : 

Mary,  b.  ab't  1733;  ra.  Nath.  Perkins,  jr.,  pub.  Feb.  26,  1757. 

92  Francis  {Stepheny^^  Abraham,^  John, ^  John^)  was 
born  in  Ipswich,  Mass.,  and  was  baptized  Jan.  8,  1715. 
He  married  Martha  Quarles,  being  published  Oct.  17, 
1747.  He  was  mentioned  in  his  father's  will,  and  a  sword, 
belt  and  watch  were  to  be  given  him,  when  he  shall  have 
come  of  age.  He  resided  in  Ipswich,  and  was  a  shop- 
keeper. The  names  of  only  two  of  their  children  are 
known.     They  were : 

178  Francis,  bapt.  Sept.  4,  1748 ;  d.  Dec.  30,  1779. 

179  Martha,  bapt.  Oct.  2,  1758 ;  d.  Nov.  28,  1799. 

93  Joseph  (Abraham,^^  Abraham,'^  John,^  John^) 
was  born  in  Ipswich,  Mass.,  and  was  baptized  Aug.  17, 
1712.  His  wife's  name  was  Martha ,  but  no  inti- 
mation is  given  by  the  records  as  to  the  time  or  place  of 
their  marriage. 

His  mother,  Esther,  in  her  last  will,  gives  "to  Esther, 
the  daughter  of  my  son  Joseph."  Joseph  was  a  black- 
smith by  trade,  as  we  learn  from  one  of  his  deeds  of  real 
estate.  He  early  left  Ipswich  to  settle  in  Scarborough, 
Me. ;  he  afterwards  removed  to  Falmouth,  in  the  same 
state,  and  returned  again. 

In  October,  1763,  he  sold  to  his  brother,  Nathaniel, 


THE    PERKINS    FAMILY.  101 

who  was  a  ship-joiner  in  Ipswich,  his  portion  of  the  home- 
stead of  his  grandfather,  Abraham.  That  estate  was  to 
be  divided  between  the  three  sons  of  his  father,  Abraham, 
by  a  provision  made  in  the  last  Avill  of  his  grandmother, 
Hannah. 

Of  his  children  we  know  Init  little.  Upon  the  records 
of  the  Pro])ate  Court  for  the  county  of  Essex,  Vol.  30, 
p.  221,  we  find  the  folloAving  entry:  "Guardianship  of 
Abraham  and  Esther  Perkins,  under  14  years,  children 
of  Joseph  Perkins  of  Scarborough,  in  the  County  of 
York,  was  given  to  ^Martha,  widow  of  the  deceased,  May  8, 
1752,"  which  was  shortly  after  his  death. 

Children  of  Joseph  and  Martha  Perkins  were  : 

180  Esther,  b.  ;  m.  Ehvell. 

181  AbnilKim,  b. 

94  Nathaniel  {Ahraham,'^'^  Abmham,^  John,'^  Jo/mJ) 
was  born  in  Ipswich,  JNlass.,  and  baptized  Jan.  ;3,  171o. 
He  married,  first,  Hannah  Holland,  being  published  Nov. 
8,  1735  ;  she  was  the  daughter  of  John  and  Elizabeth 
Holland,  wivs  born  Aug.  13,  1718,  and  died  May  13, 
173G,  being  only  seventeen  years  and  nine  months  of  age. 
Her  death  took  place  only  one  week  after  the  l)irth  of  her 
only  child.  He  married,  second,  Anna  Harris,  Sept.  15, 
1737;  she  died  March  20,  1772.  He  must  have  married 
a  third  time,  as  we  learn  from  a  deed  of  land  given  July 
20,  1776,  viz.  :  Nathaniel  Perkins  and  wife,  Elizabeth,  sell 
to  Joseph  Fowler,  jr.,  innholder,  135  rods  of  upland  on 
Green  Lane. 

His  last  will  was  made  May  18,  1776,  and  proved 
Sept.  3,  1776.  He  was  by  trade  a  ship-joiner,  as  stated 
in  his  will,  in  which  his  wife,  Elizabeth,-  and  all  his  chil- 
dren are  mentioned. 

Child  of  Nathaniel  and  Hannah  (Holland)  Perkins  was  : 

182  Hannah,  b.  May  6,  1736;  m.  Glycle. 


102  THE    PEEKINS   FAMILY. 

Children  of  Nath'l  and  Anna  (Harris)  Perkins  were : 

183  Anna,  b.  July  10,  1738;  ra. Pulsifer. 

184  Elizabeth,  bapt.  Dec.  2,  1739 ;  m. Hodgkins. 

185  Mary,  bapt.  March  14,  1741 ;  m. Holland. 

186  Nathaniel,  bapt.  Apr.  15,  1744;  d.  Feb.  2,  1828. 

187  Esther,  bapt.  Aug.  4,  1745 ;  m. Stone. 

188  Abraham,  bapt.  June  14,  1747;  d.  Nov.  2,  1842. 

189  Abigail,  bapt.  June  15,  1748;  d.  in  infancy. 

190  Abigail,  bapt.  March  18,  1749 ;  m. Spiller. 

191  Sarah,  bapt.  Dec.  1,  1751;  m.  Pulsifer. 

192  Joseph,  bapt.  July  24,  1757. 

100  Elizabeth.  (Fra7icis,^^  Jacoh,^^  John?  John  ^)  was 
born  in  Ipswich,  Mass.,  in  1698.  She  removed  to  Glou- 
cester at  the  time  when  her  mother,  Elizabeth,  married 
George  Giddings  of  that  place ;  there  she  married  Jona- 
than Ingerson  (or  Ingersoll),  of  Gloucester,  June  14, 
1717.  Nothing  has  been  certainly  ascertained  concerning 
him  or  his  occupation,  but  it  is  very  probable  that  he, 
like  most  of  the  men  of  Gloucester,  was  a  mariner. 

Children  of  Jonathan  and  Elizabeth  Ingerson  were : 

Jonathan,  b.  Aug.  3,  1719. 
Francis,  b.  July  4,  1721. 
Perkins,  b.  Sept.  14,  1723. 
Lucy,  b.  June  26,  1725. 
Simeon,  b.  Nov.  2,  1727. 
David,  b.  June  18,  1735. 

102  Benjamin  (^Frands,^^  Jacoh?^  John?  John^)  was 
born  in  Ipswich,  Mass,,  in  1700.  He  removed  to  Glou- 
cester with  his  mother  in  1708.  He  married  there  Mary 
Kobinson,  Feb.  17,  1727-8 ;  she  was  the  daughter  of 
Andrew  Robinson,  of  Gloucester.  He  was  a  mariner, 
and  on  the  records  is  called  "  captain."  He  acquired  con- 
siderable property,  both  real  and  personal,  in  Gloucester. 
His  will,  which  was  signed  Dec.  8,  1744,  and  proved 
May  1,  1749,  gives  to  each  of  his  children  five  shillings, 
besides  making  provision  for  their  support  and  education, 


THE  PERKINS  FAMILY.  103 

and  a  legacy  upon  their  arriving  at  the  age  of  eighteen 
years,  or  marrying.  He  gives  the  remainder  of  his  estate, 
of  all  kinds  "to  my  wife,  Mary,  as  long  as  she  shall  con- 
tinue my  widow,  and,  at  her  death,  the  remainder  shall 
be  divided  among  my  children  by  my  wife,  Mary." 

The  inventory  of  his  property  contains,  among  other 
items, —  "1  Negro  wench  and  2  children,  £75,  1  Negro- 
bed  and  furniture,  35s,  One  quarter  part  of  ye  Crown 
Bowl  Tavern  house,  £112-10-00. —  Half  a  pew  in  ye  new 
meeting-house,  £7."  His  Avife,  IMary,  Avas  to  be  the  ex- 
ecutrix of  his  w^ill.     He  died  in  April,  1749. 

Mar}^  widow  of  Capt.  Benjamin  Perkins,  made  a  will 
which  Avas  signed  March  18,  1759,  at  Avhicli  time  she  says 
she  is  sick  of  body.  She  provides  in  this  Avill  for  each  of 
her  daughters  by  giving  them  a  portion  for  their  educa- 
tion, and  titting  them  off  Avith  furniture,  Avhen  they  shall 
be  married.  "  Being  blind  and  weak  and  unal)le  to  set  my 
hand  to  this  instrument,"  she  desires  that  James  Parsons, 
Doct.  Plummer,  Capt.  Andrew  (iiddings  and  Daniel 
Witham,  Avould  be  Avitnesses  to  her  assent,  Avhich  she  gave 
upon  the  Avill  being  distinctly  read  unto  her.  Her  Avill 
was  proved  April  23,  1759. 

Children  of  Benjamin  and  Mary  Perkins  Avere  : 

193  Francis,  b.  Dec.  18,  1728;  d.  before  1744. 

194  Benjamin,  b.  Apr.  1,  1734. 

195  Mary,  b.  July  14,  173G;  m.  Alex.  Smith;  d.  Sept.   13,  17G9. 
19G  Elizabeth,  b.  July  8,  1738;  m.  Wni.  Goodwin,  Feb.  5,  1759; 

d.  Sept.  13,  17G0. 

197  Judith,  b.  June,  1740;  d.  before  17G0. 

198  Sarah,  b.  in  March,  1742. 

199  Hannah,  b.  May  28,  1744;  ra.  Dau'l  Gardner,  June  20,  17G5; 

d.  before  Sept.  1,  1770. 

103  Jacob  { Jacob, ^  Jacob, ^^- John, '^  John^)  Avas  ])orn 
in  IpsAvich,  Mass.,  and  baptized  May  8,  1715.  He  mar- 
ried Mary  Fuller,  was  published  Feb.  9,  1739-40,  and 


104  THE   PERKINS   FAMILY. 

married  March  19,  1740.  He  is  mentioned  in  his  father's 
will,  which  was  made  in  1759,  as  having  had  his  full  pro- 
portion of  his  property. 

Imperfect  records  prevent  our  gaining  much  informa- 
tion concerning  him.  The  birth  of  only  one  child  can  be 
distinctly  ascertained  from  the  list  of  births,  though  he 
may  have  had  others. 

Child  of  Jacob  and  Mary  (Fuller)  Perkins  was  : 

200  William,  bapt.  Dec.  28,  1740. 

121  Robert  (Jolm,^^  Jacob,^^  John,^  John  ^)  was  bap- 
tized in  Ipswich,  Mass.,  Aug.  25,  1728.  He  married, 
first,  Elizabeth  Brown,  of  Ipswich.  They  were  published 
April  6,  1753,  and  married  July  19,  1753.  She  was  the 
daughter  of  James  Brown,  of  Ipswich,  storekeeper.     She 

died  Dec.  4,  1763.     He  married,  second,  Sarah , 

the  time  of  this  marriage  is  not  known.  She  was  living 
at  the  time  of  his  death.  He  is  called  a  husbandman,  in 
his  deeds.  At  the  time  of  his  death  he  had  the  title  of 
Captain. 

July  19,  1753.  He  bought  of  Abraham  Tilton  "a  cer- 
tain mesuage,  consisting  of  half  a  house,  half  a  barn  and 
half  a  well,  situated  upon  Meeting-house  Hill,  Ips- 
wich." 

Oct.  29,  1772.  He  "and  his  wife,  Sarah,"  sold  to  the 
county  of  Essex,  a  strip  of  land  for  a  roadway. 

Feb.  5,  1772.  He  bought  of  Thomas  Boardman  5  acres 
of  upland  for  £24-2-7. 

Feb.  1,  1773.  He  and  his  wife,  Sarah,  sold  to  Timothy 
Thornton,  of  Boston,  mast-maker,  5  acres  and  more,  of  his 
land  in  Ipswich,  adjoining  his  house-lot. 

Feb.  17,  1773.  Timothy  Thornton  and  wife,  Eunice, 
petition  the  court  to  appoint  a  committee  to  divide  certain 
lands  in  Ipswich,  which  she  held  in  common  with  the 


THE  PERKINS  FAMILY.  105 

children  of  her  deceased  sister,  Elizabeth,  late  wife  of 
Robert  Perkins. 

He  died  May  22,  1797,  intestate ;  his  estate  was  found 
to  be  insolvent,  and  his  property  w^as  divided,  j??'0  rata^ 
among  his  creditors,  reserving  only  to  Sarah,  his  widow, 
her  thirds.  The  inventory  of  his  property  showed  him 
to  have  been  a  farmer. 

Children  of  Robert  and  Eliz'h  (Brown)  Perkins  were  : 

201  John,  bapt.  Apr.  7,  1754;  deceased. 

202  Elizabeth,  bapt.  June  1,  1755;  m.  Jos.  Brown,  of  Haverhill, 

Dec.  3,  1779. 

203  James,  b.  ;  removed  to  "  Dammas  Cotta,"  Me. 

204  Sarah, 

205  Joseph,  b.  ;  deceased  before  1797. 

206  John,  bapt.  Sept.  26,  1761. 

207  Robert,  bapt.  May  17,  1763. 

129  Mary  {Rohert,^'^  Jacob,^^  John,^  John  ^)  was  bap't 
in  Ipswich,  Mass.,  March  10,  1722.  She  married,  Jan. 
23,  1740,  with  Daniel  Kinsman.  lie  was  the  son  of 
Stephen  and  Lydia  Kinsman,  and  was  baptized  Oct.  23, 
1720.  He  died  about  March  11,  1746.  After  his  death 
his  widow  may  have  married  Abraham  Carter,  of  Glou- 
cester, Aug.  23,  1750." 

Children  of  Daniel  and  Mary  (Perldns)  Kinsman  were  : 

Daniel,  bapt.  Sept.  20,  1741;  d.  July  28,  1742. 
Daniel,  bapt.  May  13,  1744;  m.  Abigail  Morse. 
Lucy,  bapt.  Aug.  24,  1746;  pub.  to  Ebenezer  Trask. 

134  James  (^Joseph,^^  Jacoh,^^  John^  John  ^)  was  born 
in  Ipswich,  Mass.,  and  was  baptized  May  23,  1736.  He 
married  first,  Hannah  Kinsman,  Oct.  28,  1762  ;  she  was 
a  daughter  of  John  and  Hannah  Kinsman,  of  Ipswich. 
She  was  baptized  June  27,  1741,  and  died  Oct.  6,  1771. 

i>  Kinsman  Genealogy. 
HI8T.    COLL.  XX  7* 


106  THE  PERKINS  FAMILY. 

(Elizabeth,  the  mother  of  James  Perkins,  after  the  death 
of  her  husband,  Joseph,  is  said  to  have  married  with  John 
Kinsman,  who  was  the  father  of  Hannah.  )^^  He  married 
second,  Mary,  widow  of  William  Phillips,  in  1793.  James 
Perkins  left  a  will  at  his  death  which  was  proved  in 
December,  1818,  in  which  he  gave  all  his  property  to  his 
wife,  Mary,  during  her  life.  She  died  April  3,  1830 ;  her 
maiden  name  was  Calef.     He  died  in  1818. 

Children  of  James  and  Hannah  (Kinsman)  were : 

208  James,  bapt.  Aug^.  14,  1763 ;  m.  Martha  Patch ;  pub.  Feb.  7, 

1780.  They  resided  at  Nobleborough,  Me.,  in  1790.  She 
was  the  daughter  of  Samuel  and  Martha  (Brown)  Patch, 
of  Ipswich. 

209  Joseph,  b.  Aug.  20,  1765 ;  d.  young. 

210  Joseph,  bapt.  Feb.  7,  1768. 

211  Isaac,  bapt.  Sept.  23,  1770. 

136  John  {Joseph f^  Jacoh^^  John,^  JoJin'^)  was  born 
in  Ipswich,  Mass.,  May  10,  1741.  He  married  Elizabeth 
Hodgkins  in  1766.  He  was  probably  a  mariner,  and  re- 
sided in  Ipswich.  She  was  born  in  1743,  and  died  June 
9,  1816,  at  the  age  of  seventy-three  years. 

The  only  child  of  John  and  Elizabeth  (Hodgkins)  was  : 

212  John,  b.  in  1772;  m.  Elizabeth  Lakeman,  March  23,  1797. 

137  Susanna  {Joseph,^^  Jacob,^^  John,^  John  ^)  was 
born  in  Ipswich,  Mass.,  and  baptized  Sept.  11,  1743. 
She  married  Capt.  Ephraim  Kendall  in  1764.  He  was 
born  May  14,  1741. 

Children  of  Eph'm  and  Susanna  (Perkins)  Kendall  were  : 

Ephraim,  b.  Oct.  28,  1765. 

Susanna,  b.  Sept.  11,  1767. 

Jonathan,  b.  Nov.  1,  1769. 

Lucy,  b.  Oct.  4,  1774. 

Mary,  b.  July  22,  1777 ;  bapt.  July  27,  1777, 

"Kinsman  Genealogy. 


THE    PERKINS   FAMILY.  107 

143  Aaron  {Jei-emiah,^  Jacob, ^^  John,^  John^)  was 
born  in  Ipswich,  Mass.,  and  was  ])aptized  Sept.  2,  1744. 
He  was  married  to  Hannah  Treadwell,  1767  ;  she 

was  born  Jan.  3,  1744,  and  died  Fel).  16,  1823,  aged 
seventy-nine  years.  He  Avas  by  trade  a  cooper.  He  re- 
sided in  Ipswich,  and  was  chosen  to  be  deacon  of  the  first 
church  i\Iay  22,  1788,  an  office  that  was  previously  held 
by  his  father.  He  was  familiarly  known  as  "  Deacon  Aaron 
Perkins." 

His  will,  which  was  made  May  9,  1801,  mentions  his 
wife,  Hannah,  and  the  names  of  all  his  children.  At 
that  time  his  daughters,  Hannah  and  Joanna,  appear  to 
have  been  unmarried ;  his  son,  Aaron,  is  named  as  ex- 
ecutor of  the  will,  which  was  proved  July  6,  1801.  He 
died  May  10,  1801,  aged  lifty-seven  years. 

Children  of  Aaron  and  Hannah  (Treadwell)  were  : 

213  Hannah,  bapt.  Oct.  9,  1768;  unmarried. 

214  Lucy,  bapt.  Oct.  1,  1769;  m.  John  Lord,  jr. 

215  8arah,  b.  Oct.  28,  1770;  m.  John  Fitz. 

216  Aaron,  bapt.  July  3,  1772;  m.  Sarah  Staniford. 

217  Daniel,  bapt.  in  1773;  d. 

218  Joanna,  bapt.  1775;  m.  McKenuy. 

219  Jeremiah,  bapt.  Feb.  16,  1777;  resided  in  Georgetown,  D.  C, 

220  Jabez,  bapt.  March  14,  1779;  m.  1st,  Eliz'h  Jarvis ;  2d,  Mary 

Stan  wood. 
Daniel,  b.  ab't  1781 ;  unm'd;  resided  in  Newburyport. 

145  Sarah  (Jei-emiah,^  Jacob^^  Jolm^  John^)  was 
born  in  Ipswich,  Mass.,  April  28,  1750.  She  was  mar- 
ried to  Joseph  Hodgkins  "  l)y  Rev.  eToseph  Dana,  in  the 
South  church,  Ipswich,  in  1772."  He  was  born  in  1743, 
and  died  Sept.  25,  1829,  at  the  age  of  eighty-six  years. 
By  trade  he  was  a  cordwainer. 

He  was  an  ardent  patriot,  and  a  brave  and  active  sol- 
dier in  the  war  for  the  independence  of  the  American 
colonies  ;  he  entered  the  army  as  a  lieutenant  in  the  com- 
pany, under  command  of  Capt.  Wade,  which  was  gathered 


108  THE   PERKINS  FAMILY. 

mostly  in  the  vicinity  of  Ipswich ;  he  afterwards  rose  to 
the  rank  of  colonel.  He  was  in  the  army  at  the  battle 
of  Bunker's  Hill,  and  in  many  other  engagements,  and  was 
present  at  the  capture  of  Burgoyne's  army.  He  was 
afterward  a  representative  from  Ipswich  to  the  general 
court,  from  1810  to  1816.  He  was  married  three  times. 
His  first  wife  was  Joanna  Webber;  his  second,  Sarah 
Perkins,  as  above  stated ;  his  third  was  a  widow  Tread- 
well.  He  is  said  to  have  had  a  family  of  sixteen  children. 
A  series  of  very  interesting  letters  from  him,  written  while 
he  was  in  the  army,  have  been  published  in  the  "  Anti- 
quarian Papers"  of  Ipswich. 

The  children  of  Joseph  and  Sarah  (P.)Hodgkins  were  : 

Sarah,  b.  in  1773 ;  d.  young. 

Joseph,  b.  in  1775 ;  d.  in  infancy. 

Martha,  b.  in  1777;  m.  Francis  Pulsifer;  d.  in  1809. 

Hannah,  b.  in  1780 ;  m.  Nath'I  Wade  in  1803 ;  d.  in  1804. 

Elizabeth,  b.  ab't  1783 ;  d.  in  1804. 

150  James  {Ahrahmn,^  Isaac,^'^  John,'^  John^)  was 
born  in  Chebacco  Parish,  Ipswich,  Mass.,  in  1705.  He 
married  Margaret  Andrews,  of  Chebacco,  Dec.  14,  1732. 
She  was  born  in  1711,  and  died  Nov.  20,  1781.  She  was 
the  daughter  of  Dea.  John  Andrews  and  Elizabeth,  his 
wife,  of  Chebacco. 

About  the  time  of  his  marriage,  Jan.  23,  1732-3,  his 
father  gave  him,  by  deed  of  gift,  a  portion  of  land  in  Che- 
bacco. He  removed  from  Ipswich  to  the  town  of  Lyme, 
Conn.,  and,  at  that  time,  he  sold  to  his  brother,  Isaac,  the 
same  parcels  of  land,  which  had  been  given  him  by  his 
father.  His  wife,  Margaret,  was  dismissed  from  the  church 
in  Chebacco,  with  letters  of  recommendation  to  the  third 
church  in  Lyme,  Conn. ;  the  record  of  this  event  is 
dated  upon  the  church  books  April  25,  1736,  which  gives 
the  time  of  their  removal* 

He  was  a  farmer  by  occupation. 


THE    PERKINS    FAMILY.  109 

He,  with  his  brother-in-law,  John  Butler,  who  had  mar- 
ried his  sister  Hannah,  bought  294  acres  of  land  in  the 
town  of  Lyme,  March  30,  1736. 

His  family  was  very  large,  but  only  two  of  his  children 
were  born  before  he  left  Ipswich. 

Gravestones  in  the  cemetery  at  Lyme  bear  the  follow- 
ing inscriptions : 

"James  Perkins  died  Sept.  27,  1789,  in  the  84th  year 
of  his  age." 

"Mrs.  Margaret,  wife  of  James  Perkins,  died  Nov.  20, 
1781,  in  the  70th  year  of  her  age." 

Children  of  James  and  Margaret  Perkins  were  : 

221  Jaraes,  bapt.  Feb.  3,  1733-4;  d.  Dec.  19,  1760. 

222  Lucy,  bapt.  Dec.  28,  1735;  ni.  William  Ely. 

223  Elizabeth,  b.  Oct.  14,  1737. 

224  Stephen,  b.  Aug.  6,  1739;  d.  Nov.  13,  1760. 

225  John,  b.  Dec.  1,  1741 ;  m.  Hester  Ayer. 

226  Abijah,  b.  Oct.  2,  1743;  m.  Lucy  Ely. 

227  Margaret,  b.  June  5,  1745. 

228  Sarah,  b.  Sept.  1,  1747;  m.  Timothy  Marvin. 

229  Isaac,  b.  June  14,  1749;  m.  Lois  Beebe;  d.  in  1776. 

230  Hannah,  b.  Aug.  7,  1751;  d.  March  9,  1752. 

231  Hannah,  b.  March  21,  1753. 

232  Setii,  b.  Sept.  18,  1754;  d.  in  1777;  was  a  physician. 

233  Lydia,  b.  Aug.  26,  1756. 

234  Ruth,  b.  July  10,  1760. 

151  Isaac  {Abraham ^^'^ Isaac ^^"^  John ^^  John^)  Avas  born 
in  Chebacco  Parish,  Ipswich,  Mass.,  about  1707.  He 
married  Elizabeth  Butler,  and  they  were  published  March 
4,  1736.  She  was  also  born  in  Chebacco  Parish,  Ipswich, 
and  was  the  daughter  of  William  and  Susanna  Butler. 
He  was  a  shoemaker  in  early  life,  and  afterwards  a  shop- 
keeper in  his  native  town,  by  which  latter  business  he 
acquired  considerable  property. 

His  will  was  proved  Nov.  8,  1774.  In  this  instrument 
he  mentions  his  "  five  unmarried  daughters,"  several  of 


110  THE   PEEKINS   FAMILY. 

whom  were  under  eighteen  years  of  age,  and  these  were 
to  be  supported  until  they  should  be  of  that  age ;  he  also 
speaks  of  "  my  son  Abraham,"  who  was  then  his  only  son. 
His  son,  Abraham,  and  his  wife,  Elizabeth,  were  chosen  by 
him  to  be  the  executors  of  his  will.  He  died  Oct.  19, 1774. 
Children  of  Isaac  and  Eliz'h  (Butler)  Perkins  were  : 

235  Isaac,  b.  April  1,  1739;  d.  young. 

236  Hannah,  b.  May  4,  1740 ;  m.  John  Story,  May  13,  1760. 

237  Susanna,  b.  Feb.  28,  1741;  m.  Thos.  Appleton,  July  13,  '67. 

238  Abraham,  b.  Apr.  15,  1744;  m.  Sarah  Cogswell,  Dec.  11, '66. 

239  Elizabeth,  b.  March  15,  1745 ;  m.  Eben'r  Brown,  Mar.  24,  '68. 

240  Lucy,  b.  1747;  m.  Capt.  Jona.  Story,  Dec.  22,  1785. 

241  Sarah,  b.  1749 ;  m.  Jona.  Low,  of  Lunenburg, 

Sept.  30,  1776. 

242  Lois,  b.  1750;  bapt.  Sept.  24,  1780;  m.  Elisha  Story, 

Jan.  29,  1784. 

243  Eunice,  b.  1752. 

244  Abigail,  b.  •  1756;  m.  James  Choate,  Not.  16,  1786. 

152  Abraham  {Abraham^^  Isaac^'^  Jolin^  John  ^)  was 
born  in  Cliebacco  Parish,  Ipswich,  Mass.,  in  1708.  He 
removed  to  Lyme,  Conn.,  with  his  brother,  James,  in 
1736,  or  soon  after  that  time.  He  there  married  first, 
with  Elizabeth  Ely,  Feb.  28,  1739.  She  was  the  daughter 
of  Major  Daniel  Ely,  of  Lyme,  and  was  born  in  1718. 
She  died  Feb.  21,  1759,  at  the  age  of  forty-one  years. 
After  the  death  of  his  wife,  Elizabeth,  he  married  a  sec- 
ond time  to  Mary  Ely ;  she  was  the  widow  of  Richard 
Ely ;  her  maiden  name  was  Person,  or  Pearson.  Their 
marriage  took  place  July  15,  1759. 

He  was  chosen  a  deacon  of  the  church  in  Lyme.  By 
occupation  he  was  a  farmer. 

The  will  of  Deacon  Abraham  Perkins  was  signed  April 
3,  1786,  and  proved  Sept.  11,  1786.  At  this  time  his 
wife,  Mary,  was  living.  In  his  will  he  mentions  his  chil- 
dren as  follows:  Francis,  William,  Abraham,  jr.,  Betty 
Mather,  Daniel,  Samuel,  Sarah  Pratt,  Joseph  and  Benja- 


THE    PERKINS    FAMILY.  Ill 

min.  His  sons,  William,  Samuel  and  Abraham,  were 
named  as  the  executors  of  this  will. 

A  stone  in  the  graveyard,  of  Lyme,  bears  this  inscrip- 
tion, "Dea.  Abraham  Perkins  died  May  10,  178(5,  in  the 
73d  year  of  his  age." 

Children  of  Abraham  and  Eliz'h  (Ely)  Perkins  were  : 

245  Francis,  b.  Monday,  Dec.  14,  1741 ;  in.  Lee. 

246  William,  b.  Thursday,  Oct.  20,  1743;  ni.  Lydia  Stirling'. 

247  Abraham,  b.  Wednesday,  Aug.  1,  1745  ;  rn.  1st,  Eliz'h ; 

2d,  Anna . 

248  Elizabeth,  b.  Monday,  Jan.  9,  1748;  m. Mather. 

249  Daniel,  b.  Monday,  Jan.  15,  1750. 

250  Abiirail,  b.  Wednesday,  Feb.  5,  1752;  d.  before  1704. 

251  Samuel,  b.  Thursday,  Apr.  14,  1754. 

252  Sarah,  b.  Thursday,  June  21,  175(5;  m. Pratt. 

Children  l)y  Mary  (Pearson)  (El}^)  Perkins  were  : 

253  Joseph,  b.  Sunday,  May  18,  17(50. 

254  Benjamin,  b.  Thursday,  June  10,  1702;  m.  Demis  Jones. 

255  Abigail,  b.  Wednesday,  March  24,  1704. 

153  Hannah  {Ahraham,^^  Isaac, ^'^  Jolin,^  John^)  was 
born  in  Chebacco  Parish,  Ipswich,  Mass.,  in  1710.  She 
married  John  Butler,  also  of  Chebacco,  Ipswich.  Their 
intention  of  marriage  was  pul)lished  December  27,  1729. 
The